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NEAR EAST UNIVERSITY

(CE374)-FINAL PROGECT
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Name
MOHAMED NABIL SAGER AHMED ALI
AYYAD
ANAS AGHI
OMAR ABUSABHA
MOHAMMED N. M. MUHAISEN
MUHANNAD ALSAAFIEN
MUNEEB ABUHEEN
MOHAMMAD KLISLI

Civil Engineering Department.

Academic No.
20155274
20147360
20157064
20147265
20157816
20157097
20147284

Problem 1: Current meter readings and the axes of measurements are


given in the following figure for a
certain cross-section of a river. Determine the discharge for this crosssection using the
following equation for velocity:

Distance from
bank (m)
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
15

Total depth (m)

Revolution per minuet

0
1
1.4
2.1
3.2
2.2
1.3
0

0
23

35
48
60
50

25
36
48
42
28

-SolutionV = a + bN

where a = 0.05

b = 0.8

q = V.A

V1=0.05+(0.8*(23/60)) = 0.357 m/s , A1=2*1 = 2 m 2 , q1= 0.713 m3/s


V2=0.45 m/s,

A2=2.8 m2

CE374-Final Project

q2= 1.26 m3/s

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V3=0.61 m/s,

A3=4.2 m2

q3= 2.56 m3/s

V4=0.77 m/s,

A4=6.4 m2

q4= 4.928 m3/s

V5=0.6635 m/s, A5=4.4 m2 q5= 2.9194 m3/s


V6=0.423 m/s, A6=2.6 m2

q6= 1.0998 m3/s

Q= q = 13.48 m3/s

Problem 2: Observed hyetograph of a three hour storm which took place


over a basin of 309 km2 area are given in the following figure for three
stations in and around the basin. Determine:
(A) The resultant hyetograph using Thiessen polygons method.
(B) The areal mean precipitation for this storm by Thiessen polygons
method.
(C) The areal mean precipitation using Arithmetic method.

-Solution-

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A:

B:

i1 = (3+ 0 + 2) / 3 = 1.66 mm/hr

i2 = (2 + 2 + 3) / 3 = 2.33 mm/hr

i3 = (0 + 3 + 0) / 3 = 0 mm/hr

C:

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Problem 3: The following residential area (an engineering building as seen


on the picture) is located in Ankara. Using Rational Method, determine the
maximum surface runoff from this area for 100 years frequency. Time of
concentration is 10 min. The Intensity-Duration-Frequency (IDF) curves for
Ankara are given below. For the typical runoff coefficients use the given
table.

-SolutionQ = 0.278.C.I.A
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From I-D-F, i = 166 mm/hr


Areas :
- Area of Building = 530m2 = 0.00053 km2.
- Area of Soil = 875m2 = 0.000875 km2.
- Area of Walkways = 425m2 = 0.000425 km2
Coefficients values from the table :
- For the building : 0.9
- For Soil : 0.17
- For walkways : 0.85
Calculate Q for each area :
1 Q building = 0.278 * 0.9 * 0.00053 * 166 = 0.022 m 3
2 Q soil = 0.278 * 0.17 * 0.000875 * 166 = 6.86*10 -3m3
3 Q walkways = 0.278 * 0.85 * 0.000425 * 166 = 0.0166 m 3
Q = 0.0454 m3
Problem 4: A reservoir has the following inflows and outflows (in cubic
meters) for the first three month of the year. If the storage at the beginning
of January is 60 m3, determine the storage at the end of March.

-SolutionAt the beginning of January

= 60 m3

At the end of January = 60 +5 -8

= 56 m3

At the end of February = 56 +6 -11 = 51 m3


At the end of March = 51 +9 -5

= 55 m3

Problem 5: Rain-gauge station D was inoperative for part of a month


during which a storm occurred. The storm rainfall recorded in the three
surrounding stations A, B and C was 8.5, 6.7 and 9.0 cm, respectively. If
the a.a.r for the stations are 75, 84, 70 and 90 cm, respectively, estimate
the storm rainfall at station D.
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-Solution0.27

0.265

0.32

0.295

0.275

0.26

0.25

0.28

0.26

0.245

0.22

0.277
0.26
5
18.9
74.1
89.1
121.5 52.5
24.75
22.943
14.56
4.158 19.6365
36.45
6.435
25
875
Q=105.0525 m3/s
90/75 90/84 90/70 = 1.653 > 1.1
0.22

0.265

0.2575

0.3

0.2
d Veloc
0.2 0.6 ity at
05
d depth
0.8 (m/s)
d
0.2
V mean
05
(m/s)
4.2 Area (m2)
0.8
Qi (m3/s)
61

So, we cannot use Arithmetic Method and we will apply Normal Ratio
Method.
Pest = 1/3 ((8.590/75) + (6.790/84) + (990/70)) = 9.67 cm / month

Problem 6: The following data were collected for a stream at a gauging


station. Compute the discharge.

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-Solution-

Sample of calculation:
V1= 0.05+0.3*(12/60) = 0.11 m/s
V1= 0.05+0.3*(50/60) = 0.3 m/s

at depth 0.6 m

Vavg = 0.205 m/s

V2 =0.05+0.3*(38/60)=0.24 m/s

at depth 0.2 m

V2 = 0.05+0.3*(52/60)= 0.31 m/s

at depth 0.2 m

Vavg = 0.275 m/s

V2= 0.05+0.3*(23/60)= 0.165 m/s

at depth 0.8 m

V2=0.05+0.3*(55/60)= 0.325 m/s

at depth 0.8 m

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Vavg = 0.245 m/s


A1= 3*1.4 = 4.2 m2
Q = 4.2 *0.205 = 0.861 m3/s

Problem 7: The crop pattern for an area of 250 ha is as follows: 60% of


Alfaalfa, 15% of Citrus, 5% of Sugar beet and 20% of Bean. The latitude of
the area is 340N and mean monthly temperature in June is 20 oC. Determine
the total consumptive use for this area for June in:
a) mm/ha/month
b) m3/month
c) lt/sec

-Solution- Determine k1 and k2 values:


K1Alfaalfa = 0.85 , K2Alfaalfa = 114
K1sugar = 0.70 , K2sugar = 242
K1beans = 0.65 , K2bean = 37
K1Citrus = 0.8 , K2 Citrus = 98
- P= 9.70
- Climatic Factor (F):
- F=

1.8 t +32
100

p,

F=

(1.820)+32
9.70 = 6.6
100

- UA= 25.4* 0.969 * 6.6 = 162.44 mm/month.


US= 25.4 * 1.694 * 6.6 = 283.98 mm/month.
UB= 25.4 * 0.240 * 6.6 = 40.233 mm/month.
Uc = 25.4 * 0.784 * 6.6 = 131.429 mm/month.

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Alfaalfa

Sugar
beet

Beans

Citrus

k1

0.85

0.70

0.65

0.8

k2

1.14

2.42

0.37

0.98

0.969

1.694

0.240

0.784

6.6

U mm/month

162.44

283.98

40.233

131.429

% area

60

20

15

UC

97.464

14.199

8.04

19.714

UC(mm/month)

139.417

139.417 mm/month / 250 ha = 0.557 mm/ha/month.


139.417 mm/month * 1 m/1000mm * 250 * 104 m2 = 348542.5 m3/month.
348542.5 m3/month * 1 month/31 days * 1 day/24 hr * 1 hr/3600 sec
* 1000 lt/1 m3 = 125 lt/s.

Problem 8: In a catchment area, approximated by a circle of diameter


100 km.four rainfall stations are situated inside the catchment and one
station is outside in its neigh-bourhood. the coordinates of the center of
the catchment and of the five stations are given below.
also given are the annual precipitation recorded by the five stations in
1980. determine the average annual precipitation by the Thiessen-mean
method.

Center: (100,100).
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Diameter: 100 km.


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Distance are in km.

-Solution-

5
(100,70)
102.2

(130,100 (100,140
(70,100)
)
)
146.4

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95.3

135.2

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1
(30,80)
85.0

station
coordinat
es
Precipitati
on

Weighted
P(cm)
(col. 4*col.5)
---36.86
19.53
39.91
25.54
121.84

Rainfall

85.0
135.2
95.3
146.4
102.2
----

Fraction
of total
area
---0.2726
0.2049
0.2726
02499
1.000

area
(km2)
---2141
1609
2141
1963
7854

Boundary
of area

station

---abcd
dce
ecbf
fba
----

1
2
3
4
5
Total

Mean precipitation = 121.84 cm

Problem 9: At the beginning of July the surface area of the lake was 3.2
km2 and the volume of the water in the lake was 18.8 x 106 m3. During
July, the average inflow is 0.68 m3/s while the pumped outflow for
irrigation is 1.1 m3/s. At the end of July, the surface area of 2.9 km2 and
the volume of 16.2 x 106 m3
are measured. Considering the seepage loss of 37 mm through the bottom
of this lake, calculate the
total evaporation height from the lake surface in mm for zero precipitation
during July.
-SolutionJuly 31 day
A1=3.2Km2

I=0.86m3/sec

V1=18.8*10^6m2
A2=2.9km2
V2=16.2*10^6m2
s = I (t) - Q(t)
t
V2 V1 = 16,2*10^6 -18,8 *10^6

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O=1.1m3/sec

86400 sec
I = 0,68 m3/sec * 1 day

* 31 day = 1,821,312 m3

O= 1,1 m3 * 86400 sec * 31 days = 2,946,240 m3


S= 38mm *

1m
1000

(2.9+2.3)
* 106 m2 = 115,900 m3
2

-2,6 *106 = 1,821,312 - (2,946,240 + 115,900+ E)


-2,6 * 106 = -1,240,828 E
-1,359,172 = -E
E=1,359,172 m3 he = E/avg = 1,359,172
3.05*10 6
he =0,446m 446mm

Problem 10: The isohyetal maps of two storms of equal duration are given
below for a particular basin. Determine
(a) Areal mean precipitation depth and
(b) the depth-area curve for this basin for the specific storm duration of 90
minutes using the data given below table.

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-Solutiona) Storm 1 from isohyetal map assume ( Pmax=78mm and Pmin=16 mm

storm 1
80
70
60
50
d(mm)

40
30
20
10
0
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Area(Km^2)

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70

80

90

100

b)From the isohyetal map assume (Pmax=80mm


P Mea

Acc.prec
.vol
(mm.km)

Precip.vol.
Betw.isoh.
(mm.km2)

Acc.
Area
(KM2)

Area
bet

Mean
Depth
(mm)

Isohyet
Limits
(mm)

74

222

222

74

>70

66.8

1002

780

15

12

65

70-60

60.9

1827

30

15

55

60-50

54.9

2637

810

48

18

45

50-40

48.7

3407

770

70

22

35

40-30

43.4

3907

500

90

20

25

30-20

42.3

3979

72

94

18

<20

825

Pmin=14mm)

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storm2
80
70
60
50
d(mm)

40
30
20
10
0
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

Area(Km^2)

Isohyet
Limits
(mm)

Mean
Depth
(mm)

Area
bet

Acc.
Area
(KM2)

>70
70-60
60-50
50-40
40-30
30-20
<20

75
65
55
45
35
25
17

6
14
16
14
15
16
13

6
20
36
50
65
81
94

CE374-Final Project

Precip.vol Acc.prec
.
.vol
Betw.isoh. (mm.km)
(mm.km2)
450
450
910
1360
880
2240
630
2870
325
3395
400
3795
221
4016

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P Mean

75
68
62.2
57.4
52.2
46.9
42.7