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Introductions

Overview of Annex 14 Volume II; Heliport Manual (Doc 9261);


and relationship to Annex 14 Volume I

Definitions, terminology, helicopter characteristics (dimensions)

Applicability, Certification & Safety Management (Annex 19)


o Difference between applicability and certification
o Establishing a certification program

Heliport Data Annex 15 Aeronautical Information Services, Appendix 1,


part 3 Aerodromes (AD) Including Declared Distances

Surface-level versus Elevated (rooftop) heliports Advantages &


disadvantages

Relevant helicopter performance parameters (PC1, 2 and 3) (Annex 6, Part 3)

ICAO Regional Workshop on Annex 14, Volume II Heliports

Bangkok, Thailand 18 - 22 April 2016

Aviation Experience
Canadian Airline Transport Pilot Helicopter Licence
o Instrument, night & multi-engine ratings
36 years flight experience, Canada and USA
14 aircraft types light, medium & heavy class helicopters
7600+ hours
o 5000+ hrs mountain experience, 1400+ hrs multi-engine, 450+ hrs instrument
Chief Pilot, Operations Manager 19 yrs in Industry
Current on Bell 206 and Sikorsky S76C+
Education
Bachelor of Commerce Degree (UBC) - Transportation & Logistics (Airport & Airline Mgmt)
Certified Instrument Procedure Designer
Training in Risk Mgmt, Surveillance Procedures, Quality Assurance, Safety Mgmt Systems
Employment Experience
Regulatory and Standards development Civil Aviation Inspector Transport Canada HQ 14 years
Transport Canada- Regional Aerodromes Civil Aviation Inspector 3 years

Subject Matter Expert and member of ICAO Heliport Design Working Group 12 years
Past Rapporteur of the HDWG
Technical advisor (Canada) ICAO Rescue Fire Fighting Working Group
Technical advisor (Canada) ICAO Aerodromes Design & Operations Panel
Technical advisor (Canada) ICAO Instrument Flight Procedures Panel (IFPP) - Helicopters

ICAO Regional Workshop on Annex 14, Volume II Heliports

Bangkok, Thailand 18 - 22 April 2016

Amendment # 6 13 Nov 2014


Amendment # 7 Adopted by ANC Applicability 10 Nov 2016
ICAO Regional Workshop on Annex 14, Volume II Heliports

Bangkok, Thailand 18 - 22 April 2016

Annex 14 Volume II - Principles


Standard: Any specification for physical characteristics, configuration, matriel, performance,
personnel or procedure, the uniform application of which is recognized as necessary for the
safety or regularity of international air navigation and to which Contracting States will conform in
accordance with the Convention. The words "shall" are usually used for standards.
Recommended Practice: Any specification for physical characteristics, configuration, matriel,
performance, personnel or procedure, the uniform application of which is recognized as
desirable in the interest of safety, regularity or efficiency of international air navigation, and to
which Contracting States will endeavour to conform in accordance with the Convention. The
words "should" are usually used for recommendations.
Appendices comprising material grouped separately for convenience but forming part of the
Standards and Recommended Practices adopted by the Council.
Definitions of terms used in the Standards and Recommended Practices which are not selfexplanatory in that they do not have accepted dictionary meanings. A definition does not have
independent status but is an essential part of each Standard and Recommended Practice in
which the term is used, since a change in the meaning of the term would affect the
specifications.
ICAO Regional Workshop on Annex 14, Volume II Heliports

Bangkok, Thailand 18 - 22 April 2016

Tables and Figures which add to or illustrate a Standard or Recommended Practice and which
are referred to therein, form part of the associated Standard or Recommended Practice and
have the same status.
Introductions comprising explanatory material introduced at the beginning of parts, chapters or
sections of the Annex to assist in the understanding of the application of the text.
Notes included in the text, where appropriate, to give factual information or references bearing
on the Standards or Recommended Practices in question, but not constituting part of the
Standards or Recommended Practices.
Attachments comprising material supplementary to the Standards and Recommended
Practices, or included as a guide to their application.

ICAO Regional Workshop on Annex 14, Volume II Heliports

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Heliport Manual (Doc 9261) - Principles

The manual not only enlarges upon some of the specifications in Annex 14, Volume II, as
necessary, but also provides guidance on aspects not dealt with in the Annex, e.g. site
selection, winching areas, underslung load operating areas, etc.
Users of this manual are advised that specifications related to helicopter operations in other
Annexes, for instance, Annex 6, Part 3, International Operations - Helicopters, may vary
somewhat from those specified in Annex 14, Volume II.
In such cases, the more demanding requirements should be applied. To assist users of this
manual, the characteristics of the majority of helicopter types currently in use have been
included in an Appendix.
Guidance material may offer alternate means of compliance with the standards, however in no
case can it over-ride a SARP.

ICAO Regional Workshop on Annex 14, Volume II Heliports

Bangkok, Thailand 18 - 22 April 2016

Chapter 1 General
Definitions
Applicability
Reference System

Annex 14 Volume II - Structure

Chapter 2 Heliport Data


Chapter 3 Physical Characteristics
Surface Level Heliport
Elevated Heliport
Helidecks
Shipboard Heliports

Some chapters have a


description or general
statement in the form of a
standard or recommendation,
others state an Application,
Location and Characteristics
as part of the standard or
recommendation.

Chapter 4 Obstacle Environment


Surfaces
Requirements
Chapter 5 Visual Aids
Wind Direction
Markings and Markers
Lights
Chapter 6 Heliport Services Emergency Response
Heliport Emergency Planning
Rescue & Fire Fighting
Appendix 1 Aeronautical Data Quality
Appendix 2 SARPS for Instrument Heliports
ICAO Regional Workshop on Annex 14, Volume II Heliports

Bangkok, Thailand 18 - 22 April 2016

Chapter 1 Site selection and structural design


Surface Level Heliports
Elevated Heliports
Helidecks on offshore facilities
Helidecks on ships

Heliport Manual - Structure

Chapter 2 Physical Characteristics


Surface Level Heliport
Elevated Heliport
Helidecks on offshore facilities
Helidecks on ships
Chapter 3 Obstacle Restriction and removal
OLS and sectors
Obstacle limitation requirements
Chapter 4 Winching areas
Chapter 5 Visual Aids
Chapter 6 Rescue & Fire Fighting
Chapter 7 Heliport Data
Appendix 1 Helicopter characteristics
Appendix 2 Glossary of terms
ICAO Regional Workshop on Annex 14, Volume II Heliports

Bangkok, Thailand 18 - 22 April 2016

Amendment # 11-B 13 Nov 2014


Over the years Volume II has evolved as a
stand-alone Annex, however there are still a
number of cross-over sections.
Volume I includes a definition and
applicability requirement for helicopter
operations at Aerodromes.
Volume II states that definitions may be
contained in both annexes, has a similar
applicability statement and a general
statement regarding markings, markers &
lighting colours.
The majority of references are contained in
notes or standards within chapter 5, sections
5.2 and 5.3 and pertain to colours, intensities
and general specifications

ICAO Regional Workshop on Annex 14, Volume II Heliports

Bangkok, Thailand 18 - 22 April 2016

Annex 14 Volume II Heliport SARPS


Chapter 1 General Notes
Annex 14, Volume II, contains Standards and Recommended Practices (specifications) that
prescribe the physical characteristics and obstacle limitation surfaces to be provided for at
heliports, and certain facilities and technical services normally provided at a heliport.
It is not intended that these specifications limit or regulate the operation of an aircraft.
When designing a heliport, the critical design helicopter, having the largest set of dimensions
and the greatest maximum take-off mass (MTOM) the heliport is intended to serve, would need
to be considered.
It is to be noted that provisions for helicopter flight operations are contained in Annex 6, Part III.

The dimensions discussed in this Annex are based on consideration of single-main-rotor


helicopters. The specifications of the main chapters of this Annex are applicable for visual
heliports that may or may not incorporate the use of a Point-in-space approach or departure.
Additional specifications for instrument heliports with non-precision and/or precision
approaches and instrument departures are detailed in Appendix 2..

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Annex 14 Volume II Definitions


D. The largest overall dimension of the helicopter when rotor(s) are turning measured from the
most forward position of the main rotor tip path plane to the most rearward position of the tail
rotor tip path plane or helicopter structure.
Note. D is sometimes referred to in the text using the terminology D-value.
Dynamic load-bearing surface. A surface capable of supporting the loads generated by a
helicopter conducting an emergency touchdown on it.
Elevated heliport. A heliport located on a raised structure on land.
Final approach and take-off area (FATO). A defined area over which the final phase of the
approach manoeuvre to hover or landing is completed and from which the take-off manoeuvre
is commenced. Where the FATO is to be used by helicopters operated in performance class 1,
the defined area includes the rejected take-off area available.

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Rejected take-off area. A defined area on a heliport suitable for helicopters operating in
performance class 1 to complete a rejected take-off.

Runway-type FATO. A FATO having characteristics similar in shape to a runway.

Safety area. A defined area on a heliport surrounding the FATO which is free of obstacles,
other than those required for air navigation purposes, and intended to reduce the risk of
damage to helicopters accidentally diverging from the FATO.
Static load-bearing surface. A surface capable of supporting the mass of a helicopter situated
upon it.
Touchdown and lift-off area (TLOF). An area on which a helicopter may touch down or lift off.
UCL/UCW. Undercarriage length or undercarriage width.

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Annex 14 Volume II Applicability & Certification


1.2.2 The specifications in Annex 14, Volume II, shall apply to all heliports intended to be used
by helicopters in international civil aviation. They shall apply equally to areas for the exclusive
use of helicopters at an aerodrome primarily meant for the use of aeroplanes. Where relevant,
the provisions of Annex 14, Volume I, shall apply to the helicopter operations being conducted
at such an aerodrome.
Much discussion has occurred at the Aerodrome Design and Operations Panel (ADOP) with
regards to the exclusivity of this standard. The general consensus within the ADOP and from
the Legal Bureau of ICAO is that states can voluntarily apply the SARPS to all heliports
including those used for domestic operations. Many states already do this.
Applicability can apply to a large group of heliports in a general sense whereas certification is
the state process by which applicability is confirmed. The certification process confirms
compliance with specific SARPS. The process may be risk-based reviewing location, type of
operations, number of movements or complexity of the operations.
Annex14 Volume II has no SARPS for establishing a certification program. The Heliport Design
Working Group (HDWG) has been tasked by the ANC and ADOP to develop SARPS and
guidance based upon the process detailed in Volume I and the Manual on Certification of
Aerodromes (Doc 9774).
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Excerpt from Annex 14 Volume I Certification of Aerodromes

The intent of these specifications is to ensure the establishment of a regulatory regime so that compliance
with the specifications in this Annex can be effectively enforced. It is recognized that the methods of
ownership, operation and surveillance of aerodromes differ among States.
The most effective and transparent means of ensuring compliance with applicable specifications is the
availability of a separate safety oversight entity and a well-defined safety oversight mechanism with support
of appropriate legislation to be able to carry out the function of safety regulation of aerodromes.
When an aerodrome is granted a certificate, it signifies to aircraft operators and other organizations operating
on the aerodrome that, at the time of certification, the aerodrome meets the specifications regarding the
facility and its operation, and that it has, according to the certifying authority, the capability to maintain these
specifications for the period of validity of the certificate.
The certification process also establishes the baseline for continued monitoring of compliance with the
specifications. Information on the status of certification of aerodromes would need to be provided to the
appropriate aeronautical information services for promulgation in the Aeronautical Information Publication
(AIP).

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Annex 14 Volume I chapter 1 - 'Certification' SARPS


1.4.2 Recommendation. States should certify aerodromes open to public use in accordance with these
specifications as well as other relevant ICAO specifications through an appropriate regulatory framework.
1.4.3 The regulatory framework shall include the establishment of criteria and procedures for the certification
of aerodromes.
Note. Guidance on a regulatory framework is given in the Manual on Certification of Aerodromes (Doc
9774).
1.4.4 As part of the certification process, States shall ensure that an aerodrome manual which will include all
pertinent information on the aerodrome site, facilities, services, equipment, operating procedures,
organization and management including a safety management system, is submitted by the applicant for
approval/acceptance prior to granting the aerodrome certificate.
Note. The intent of a safety management system is to have in place an organized and orderly approach in
the management of aerodrome safety by the aerodrome operator. Annex 19 Safety Management contains
the safety management provisions applicable to certified aerodromes. Guidance on an aerodrome safety
management system is given in the Safety Management Manual (SMM) (Doc 9859) and in the Manual on
Certification of Aerodromes (Doc 9774).

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This manual is geared towards establishing regulatory


certification procedures for land aerodromes in
accordance with Annex 14 Volume I.
Most of the guidance provided could be applicable to
heliport certification.
Heliport Certification Regulatory System;
Heliport Certification Model Regulations;
Heliport Certification Procedures; and
Regulatory Authority

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Need for Certification


Protect third party
Protect operators
Risk-based tied to applicability
Certification Regulatory System
Follow same model used for airports
Develop Regulations for Heliports Authority, when & where
Certification Model Regulations
Definitions
Certification Process
SARPS develop own or adopt Annex 14 Volume II
Heliport Operations Manual (HOM)
Obligations of the heliport operator
Exemption or deviation process
Certification Procedures
Assessment of application
Site Visit for verification
Certificate Administration

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Annex 19 Safety Management


Chapter 2 Applicability:
The Standards and Recommended Practices contained in this Annex shall be applicable to
safety management functions related to, or in direct support of, the safe operation of aircraft.
Chapter 3 State Safety Management Responsibilities
Section 3.1.3 - As part of its [State Safety Program] SSP, each State shall require that the
following service providers under its authority implement an SMS:
operators of certified aerodromes in accordance with Annex 14.
Chapter 4 Safety Management Systems (SMS)
Section 4.1.1 . . . the SMS of a service provider shall:
a) be established in accordance with the framework elements contained in Appendix 2; and
b) be commensurate with the size of the service provider and the complexity of its aviation
products or services.

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Chapter 2 Heliport Data as prescribed in Annex 15 Aeronautical Information


Services, Appendix 1, Part 3 Aerodromes (AD) 3. Heliports

Location, Indicator & Name


Geographical & Admin
Ops Hrs
Services & Facilities
Passenger Info
Rescue & Fire Fighting
Winter Maint.
Apron & Taxiway Info
Markings
Obstacles
Met Info
Heliport Data
i.
Type surface level, elevated or helideck
ii.
TLOF dimensions & surface
iii.
FATO dimensions, surface & elevation
iv.
Bearing strength
v.
SA dimensions
vi.
Obstacle Free Sector if applicable
vii.
Remarks

Declared distances
Lighting
ATS
Nav & Landing Aids
Local Traffic Regs
Noise Abatement
Flight Procedures & Restrictions

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Declared distances heliports.


a) Take-off distance available (TODAH). The length of the FATO plus the length of helicopter
clearway (if provided) declared available and suitable for helicopters to complete the takeoff.
b) Rejected take-off distance available (RTODAH). The length of the FATO declared
available and suitable for helicopters operated in performance class 1 to complete a
rejected take-off.
c) Landing distance available (LDAH). The length of the FATO plus any additional area
declared available and suitable for helicopters to complete the landing manoeuvre from a
defined height.
The relationship of these terms will be detailed later in this presentation.

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Surface Level versus Elevated Heliports


Advantages Disadvantages

Significantly Reduced Cost


No weight limits
Reduced RFF costs / Response times
Space available for aprons/stands
Space available for approach lighting

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Clear of Obstructions
Less 'Foot-print'
Reduced Helicopter Performance
More Approach Pathways
Better Security Control

Bangkok, Thailand 18 - 22 April 2016

Annex 6 Part III contains a number


of definitions and detailed criteria
concerning performance class
operations that have relevance in
chapter 3, 4 and 5 of the Heliport
SARPS.

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Definitions
Congested area. In relation to a city, town or settlement, any area which is substantially used for residential,
commercial or recreational purposes.
Congested hostile environment. A hostile environment within a congested area.
Hostile environment. An environment in which:
a) a safe forced landing cannot be accomplished because the surface and surrounding environment are
inadequate; or
b) the helicopter occupants cannot be adequately protected from the elements; or
c) search and rescue response/capability is not provided consistent with anticipated exposure; or
d) there is an unacceptable risk of endangering persons or property on the ground.
Non-congested hostile environment. A hostile environment outside a congested area.
Non-hostile environment. An environment in which:
a) a safe forced landing can be accomplished because the surface and surrounding environment are
adequate;
b) the helicopter occupants can be adequately protected from the elements;
c) search and rescue response/capability is provided consistent with anticipated exposure; and
d) the assessed risk of endangering persons or property on the ground is acceptable.
Note. Those parts of a congested area satisfying the above requirements are considered non-hostile.

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Landing decision point (LDP). The point used in determining landing performance from
which, an engine failure occurring at this point, the landing may be safely continued or a balked
landing initiated.
Note. LDP applies only to helicopters operating in performance Class 1.
Take-off decision point (TDP). The point used in determining take-off performance from
which, an engine failure occurring at this point, either a rejected take-off may be made or a
take-off safely continued.
Note. TDP applies only to helicopters operating in performance Class 1.
Defined point after take-off (DPATO). The point, within the take-off and initial climb phase,
before which the helicopters ability to continue the flight safely, with one engine inoperative, is
not assured and a forced landing may be required.
Note. Defined points apply to helicopters operating in performance Class 2 only.
Defined point before landing (DPBL). The point, within the approach and landing phase, after
which the helicopters ability to continue the flight safely, with one engine inoperative, is not
assured and a forced landing may be required.
Note. Defined points apply to helicopters operating in performance Class 2 only.
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Operations in performance Class 1. Operations with performance such that, in the event of a
critical engine failure, performance is available to enable the helicopter to safely continue the
flight to an appropriate landing area, unless the failure occurs prior to reaching the take-off
decision point (TDP) or after passing the landing decision point (LDP), in which cases the
helicopter must be able to land within the rejected take-off or landing area.
Operations in performance Class 2. Operations with performance such that, in the event of
critical engine failure, performance is available to enable the helicopter to safely continue the
flight to an appropriate landing area, except when the failure occurs early during the take-off
manoeuvre or late in the landing manoeuvre, in which cases a forced landing may be required.

Operations in performance Class 3. Operations with performance such that, in the event of
an engine failure at any time during the flight, a forced landing will be required.

VTOSS (VTOSS). The minimum speed at which climb shall be achieved with the critical engine
inoperative, the remaining engines operating within approved operating limits.

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Category A. With respect to helicopters, means a multi-engined helicopter designed with


engine and system isolation features specified in Annex 8, Part IVB, and capable of operations
using take-off and landing data scheduled under a critical engine failure concept which assures
adequate designated surface area and adequate performance capability for continued safe
flight or safe rejected take-off.

Annex 6 part 3 - Attachment A


Section 4.1.1.4 Backup procedures (or procedures with lateral transition)
An operator should ensure that, with the critical engine inoperative, all obstacles below the
backup flight path (the lateral flight path) are cleared by an adequate margin. Only the
obstacles specified in 2.4.2 should be considered.

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Questions?

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