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I.

The war between Julius Caesar and Pompey the Great was one of the biggest
power struggles in Roman history.
II. Pompey gains the trust of the people
a. Rise to power
i. Pompey started his life in Rome as a low ranking general, who
slowly but surely began to work his way up the ranks of the
Roman army.
b. Pompey and the Pirates
i. The pirates were a group of people that ran rampage through
Rome
ii. Because of all the military success that he had, Pompey was
selected by the Roman people to fight of the pirate attacks that
had been happening. So Rome gave him a whole 14 legions, and
told him to fix the problem.
iii. This is where Pompey shows everyone that he is a military
genius in his own right. He divides up all of Rome into 14
different parts, and sends one legion into each part on the hunt
for the pirates.
iv. On his way back to Rome he was able to find the pirates. Once
he found them, the pirates had no chance at all.
v. The pirates were decimated by Pompey and his legions,
c. Battles against the Mithridates
i. Pompey was assigned to fight against the Mithridates in 66 BC
ii. Although outnumbered, Pompey defeated King Mithridates by
the Euphrates River
III. Caesar had the most military success of any Roman general
a. Caesars rise to power
i. Like Pompey, Caesar rose to power as a general in the army,
who began to be realized for his military genius, and began to
gain support from Romes people.
ii. Caesar was then elected as consul for Rome
iii. After Caesars term was over, he decided that he wanted more
land (And he wanted the ability to extort the money he would
need to bribe officials when he returned.)
b. Caesar in Gaul
i. Because of this Rome gave him Illyricum, and Cisalpine Gaul,
along with three legions for him to command. But then, the
general that was in charge of Transalpine Gaul, died
unexpectedly, and Pompey sponsored the movement that the
land should be given to Caesar, and it eventually was, as was a
fourth legion.
ii. Gaul was the place where Caesar earned his most victories
iii. He launched attacks against Switzerland, and the Germanic,
Gallic, and Belgic tribes in what is now known as France.
iv. Caesars military prowess was shown when he and his legions
went to punish a Germanic tribe that had a habit of attacking
Caesars allies in Gaul. Although when he got there, there was
no way for his army to cross the River. So Caesar got his men to

try and build a bridge, and within 10 days, Caesar had chopped
down a nearby forest, and built a bridge over a large river.
v. Once he had finished his assault, Caesar tried to convince the
Senate that he should be allowed to rule as Consul, without
having to leave Gaul. This worried them because Roman law had
always stated that a consul needs to give up the land they were
in charge of, before they could take control. These rules were in
place to try and prevent another dictatorship.
vi. Because of this, a now jealous Pompey took advantage of the
situation, and was able to convince the Senate to make him
public enemy #1, and banish him from Rome.
c. Crossing the Rubicon
i. The Rubicon was a river in Rome that served as the barrier
between Gaul and Italy, Caesar knew that once he crossed that
barrier, it would be an all-out war against Pompey. After sitting
and pondering the risks for a while, He uttered the famous
quote, The die has been cast, and he took his 5,000 men
across the river. The year was 49 BC.
ii. The reason this would be considered a war, was because Roman
law stated that no general is allowed to bring their armies into
Rome.
IV. The war between Caesar and Pompey lasted for 19 years
a. After
V. The war ended with Pompey running from Rome, and Caesar in power
a. What happened to Caesar after the war
i. After he had defeated Pompey, Caesar returned to Rome, with a
determination that he would be the leader. He was soon elected
Consul, after his term expired, the senate appointed him
Dictator, when his term expired again, and the Senate decided
that they would name Caesar, dictator for life.
ii. The role of dictator for life was only filled for a small amount of
time, because Caesar was stabbed to death by a large group of
people that he had spared at the Battle of Pharsalus
b. What happened to Pompey after the war
i. During the last battle of the Civil War, Pompey escaped on
horseback as his camp was being destroyed.
ii. After his arrival in Egypt, Pompey's fate was decided by the counselors of the
young king Ptolemy. While Pompey waited offshore, they argued the cost of
offering him refuge with Caesar already on his way to Egypt; the king's
eunuch Pothinuss won out. In the final dramatic passages of his biography,
Plutarch had Cornelia watch anxiously from the trireme as Pompey left in a
small boat with a few sullen, silent comrades, and headed for what appeared
to be a welcoming party on the Egyptian shore at Pelusium. As Pompey rose
to disembark, he was stabbed to death by his
betrayers, Achillas, Septimius and Silvius