Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 4

Regions of Romania : names and fun facts

Though the most popular region of Romania is Transylvania, due to legends and
stories, Romania has actually 9 regions, each with a specific name and its own
particularities. This is because before we actually became the Romania we know
today (in 1919), these regions belonged to different empires that occupied our
territories. The map will give you a better picture of the position of these regions.
1. Crishana: NW region, bordering Hungary, biggest city is Oradea. The name of
the region comes from the main river that is crossing it called Cris (Crish).
The most important specific traditions are related to weddings where the
Swabians dance Waltz and Polka, the Hungarian ciarda, the Bulgarian and
Serbian kolo and sitno, and the Romanians hora and ardeleanca.
2. Maramuresh : North region of Romania, its name has a difficult to track
etymology, but it is agreed it comes from the name of the river Mara that
passes through, and the name given to the people living in the are
moroseni. It is especially famous for the humorous, poetic grave markers of
the Cemetery in Sapinta, and for its wooden churches. The biggest city is
Baia Mare.
3. Bucovina : NE region, bordering Ukraine, the name comes from an old
Romanian word bucov which means beech tree, making this the land of
beech forests. Specific for this area is the spirituality of the people,
manifested through the Christian orthodox religion. Particularities of this
region are Easter egg painting and the painted monasteries and churches,
and amazing culinary art.
4. Moldavia : Eastern region, bordering the Moldavia country, main city is Iasi.
This area was once part of the Moldavia country. Moldavia was a frequently
invaded and conquered region, it knows many wars and rulers. The name
comes from the main river called Moldova, but the rivers name is lost in the
mist of time. The region is also popular for the spirituality, old and famous
monasteries and strong language accent.
5. Dobrogea: the newest and oldest land of Romania. It is new because of the
Danube Delta which is in continuous formation, and oldest because it has the
oldest mountains from the hercinic orogenesis, Macin mountains. Main city is
Constanta, where you can easily see the Turkish influence with all the
mosques and traditional food and the biggest attraction, The Black Sea,
important resource for petrol and natural gas. The name of the area comes
from its first ruler , the Bulgarian Dobrotici.
6. Muntenia : SE region, its name comes from the word munte meaning
mountain, so it is the land of the mountains. Biggest city is Bucharest, but the
region is most known for its northern part and the famous Bucegi Mountains ,
with their mysterious Sfinx and spectacular land forms.
7. Oltenia : Southern region, its name comes from the river Olt that crosses the
whole region. Of all geographical elements, the most important for the life
and health remain the springs of mineral waters with which Oltenia is the

most endowed, but also the hidden monasteries in the mountains, the natural
museum of Trovanti, the rocks that grow, and the natural rock bridge from
Ponoare also known as Gods bridge.
8. Banat : wester region, its name comes from the way the rulers were called in
the past, Ban.Main city is Timisoara, and the region is well known for the
traditional dances, and the thermal waters from the eastern part at
9. Transylvania : Our famous central region, its name comes from the latin
words trans= through and silva= forest, so it actually means Through
the forest, because the region is famous for its thick and dark forests. These
forests were the perfect cover in case of war, this is why almost ll the castles
and fortresses were built here, because it was easy to camouflage them. The
area is surrounded by mountains which were our allies in war times and made
Transylvania almost impossible to conquer. Occupied by the Austro-hungarian
empire, Transylvania became a land combining traditional Romanian villages
with Germanic architecture, language and traditions which can still be
experienced today. Some of the main cities of Transylvania are Cluj Napoca,
Sibiu and Brasov. Transylvania is also famous for the best hiking mountain
trails, amazing ski slopes, and Europes hardest motorcycle trail from Red Bull

Transylvania is by far the most romantic and inspiring of Romania's provinces. Its
very name brings to mind visions of mountain peaks rising up to the sky above
wooded valleys and sparkling streams, visions of high-roofed wooden churches,
legendary castles and a troubled history.
But there is much more to it: ski resorts and health spas, hiking trails , folklore
and tradition, churches and monasteries, natural resources , a developing
cultural life.
Situated in the center of Romania, surrounded by the Carpathian mountains,
Transylvania encloses today the regions of Maramures, Crisana and Banat. It is
the most resourceful region of the country with the biggest forest surface,
important minerals and metals, natural gas, salt, rivers , mineral waters and
In the fortified city of Sighisoara, in the heart of Transylvania, Vald Tepes , the
prince of Wallachia was born,the bloody ruler which inspired Bram Stockers
Dracula. The connotations put upon Transylvania from Bram Stokers culture
defining novel happened almost instantaneously. Vlad Dracul III was already a
local folk hero of the 15th century, named Dracula, meaning son of the dragon,
as his father Vlad II was inducted into the Order of the Dragon, an initiative to

defend Christianity in Romania from the Turk occupancy. Bram Stoker created a
firm link between vampires and Dracula by inducting Vlad IIIs patronymic and
the Transylvanian settings into his novel.
Although the links to this legend are tenuous, Transylvanian locals have
nourished the legend and the tourism it supplies. Sites such as Bran Castle or
Draculas Castle have become a destination highlight, especially around the
months of October and November. Now an art museum, Bran Castles gothic
setting still attracts those who believe in the legends of Count Dracula.
Transylvania is a place of undisputed natural and architectural beauty and a land
of mystery and legend .
Transylvania was a land full of superstitions way before the Dracula stories came
to life. The gypsy culture mixed with Romanian superstitions gave birth to many
stories and characters, such as the Forest Lady, the Dragons, the little people
that live in caves, Saint Friday the helpful lady and many more. Also there are
magical customs that can bring you good luck, such as dancing naked in the
forest on a spring night, or sleeping with Basil under your pillow to dream your
future husband. We also use smoking to cast away bad spirits, or use holy water
for the same reasons or when someone is possessed. It is also believed that
people with blue eyes can jinx so never let them near your cattle, or else they
will get sick and die.
But putting aside the magical side of Transylvania, the region is also famous for
adventure and winter sports, the motorcycle routes, outdoor music festivals and
parties, and famous theater and movie festivals. Not to mention we have some
of the best medical Universities and Forest Research Schools, and this is due to
the hard working students and teachers and interest towards knowledge.

Romanian spring tradition

Mrior is an old tradition celebrated all over Romania every year, on March 1st.
The name Mrior is a diminutive of March (Martie in Romanian).
It is believed that the person who wears the red and white string would enjoy a prosperous and
healthy year.
Not long ago, in the countryside, people used to celebrate the Martisor by hanging a red and white
string at their the gate, window, cattle's horn and shed to protect against evil spirits and to invoke
nature's regenerative power.

In eastern Romania ( Moldova andBucovina), the red and white string was complemented with a
small - gold or silver - coin. After wearing the coin for twelve days, the women would buy fresh
cheese with it hopping that their skin would be healthy and beautiful the entire year.
According to archaeological research, the Mrior traces its history more than 8,000 years ago.
Some ethnologists believe that the Mrior celebration has Roman origins,others support the
theory that it is an old Dacian tradition.
In the old times, Mrior were made of small river pebbles, colored in white and red, stringed on
a thread and worn around the neck. They were worn, to bring good luck and good weather, from
March 1 until the first trees would bloom. When the first trees were flowering the Mrior were
hanged on tree branches.
Nowadays, on March 1, Romanians buy silky red-white threads (nur) tied into a bow to which a
small trinket is attached and offer them to their (female) family members, friends and colleagues
to show friendship, respect or admiration.
Some local artists we support, that make beautiful handmade traditional gifts:

Centres d'intérêt liés