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Self study guide for elementary level learners of Russian


and for intermediate level students who wish to review basic grammar and vocabulary

Grammar Lesson 5
Asking Whose in Russian? The Possessive Pronouns , , , ,

Russian
grammar
and
vocabulary.
Unit 2

1.

1. - ?
- .
- This is my pencil.

2. - ?
- .

2.

- Whose book is this?


- This is my book.
3. - ?
- .

3.

- Whose letter is this?


- This is my letter.
4. - ?
- .

Phrasebook
Topic 5
Family

4.

- Whose books are these?


- These are my books.

Phrasebook
Topic 6
At the Airport

Grammar
Lesson 8
Demonstrative
Pronouns
and .
Indeclinable
vs.
Demonstrative
pronouns
(, ,
)

1.

- Whose pencil is this?

Grammar
Lesson 6
Asking What
and Who?
Nominative
case. Asking
Where?
Prepositional
case

Grammar
Lesson 7
What is an
Adjective?
Nominative
Case of
Adjectives

Asking Whose?
Study the following dialogues. Note what Russian pronouns correspond to English whose and my. Click each statement
to listen, then read aloud.

Grammar
Lesson 5
Asking Whose
in Russian?
The
Possessive
Pronouns ,
, , ,

Quiz 6
Check what
you have
learned from
Grammar
Lessons 5-6
and
Phrasebook
Topics 5-6
with this 10
minute quiz.

Possessive Pronouns

As you can see, Russian has four different forms for English whose and my. That is because Russian possessive
pronouns (my), (your, yours - sing.), (our, ours), (your, yours - pl.) and interrogative pronoun ?
(whose?) agree with the nouns they modify in gender and number. That means:
, , , are used to modify masculine nouns;
, , , are used to modify feminine nouns;
, , , are used to modify neuter nouns;
, , , are used to modify plural nouns.

2.

The Possessive Pronouns , , .


Study the following dialogues. Note what Russian pronouns correspond to English his. Click each statement to listen,
then read aloud.

Phrasebook
Topic 7
Clothes

1. - ?
- .
- Whose pencil is this?

Phrasebook
Topic 8
Learn
numbers 1-20
in Russian

- This is his pencil.

2. - ?
- .
- Whose book is this?
- This is his book.

Quiz 7
Check what
you have
learned from
Grammar
Lessons 7-8
and
Phrasebook
Topic 7 with
this 10 minute
quiz.

3. - ?
- .
- Whose letter is this?
- This is his letter.
4. - ?
- .
- Whose books are
these?
- These are his books.

Test 2
Check what
you have
learned from
Grammar
Lessons 5-8
and
Phrasebook
Topics 5-8.

*Note the pronunciation of - []!

Unlike the pronouns , , , , the pronouns * (his, it's), (her; hers, it's), (their; theirs) never change
their form, no matter what noun they modify (masculine, feminine, neuter, or plural).
Study the usage of the pronouns , , :
() - , , , , , ;
() - , , , , , ;
() - , , , , , .
The chart below lists all possessive pronouns:

Masculine
Feminine
Neuter
Plural

3.

whose

my

your(s)

our(s)

your(s)

?
?
?
?

his

her

their

Noun

The Possessive Pronoun , .


The possessive pronoun (, , ) is used the same way as the personal pronoun to address more
then one person or one person on formal/polite terms (in that case , , , is capitalized). Compare:
1. - , , ?

main
- Back
Tanya, to
Olya,
is that your cat?

2. - , ?

- Ivan Petrovich, is that your book?

3. - , ?

- Anna Petrovna, are these your children?


*, - patronymic names

Exercises
Practise using Possessive Pronouns , , ,
Practise using Possessive Pronouns , ,
Practise using Possessive Pronouns , , , , , ,
Translate into Russian