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Name : ___________________

Class: ___________________

SCIENCE FORM 3 (NOTES)


LIST OF CHAPTERS
FORM 1:

No

Chapter

Notes

Introduction to Science

Cell as a unit of life

Matter

The variety of Resources on Earth

The Air around us

Sources of energy

Heat

FORM 2:
1

Miss Azrinawatijj 2016

SCIENCE FORM 3 (NOTES)


No

Chapter

Notes

The world through Ours senses

Nutrition

Biodiversity

Interdependence among living organisms and


the Environment

Water and solution

Air pressure

Dynamics

Support and movement

Stability

10

Simple machine

FORM 2:

Miss Azrinawatijj 2016

SCIENCE FORM 3 (NOTES)


No

Chapter

Notes

Respiration

Blood circulation and transport

Excretion

Reproduction

Growth

Land and its resources

Electricity

Generation of electricity

Stars and galaxies

10

Space exploration

TIPS ON HOW TO SOLVE A HOTS PROBLEM

Miss Azrinawatijj 2016

SCIENCE FORM 3 (NOTES)


Read the question carefully

Step 1 : What?
Identify what the question wants
Explain/state/differentiate/suggest etc.

Step 2 : memory
Write down the topics that related to the question
Write down every information you know about the topic
Narrow down your information based on step 1

Step 3 : matching
Match the question with the related information from your memory

Step 4 : generating answer


Write your answer based on step 3
POINT + EXPLAINATION
Examples 1:

Miss Azrinawatijj 2016

SCIENCE FORM 3 (NOTES)


Mrs Watie found that her newly bought curtains were too long when installed
on her houses windows. She sent the curtains to the shop and told the tailor
to shorten the curtains about 2 spans (jengkal). When ready, Mrs Watie found
the curtains measurement is different to the size that she wanted. Explain
the cause of confusion between Mrs Watie and the tailor?
[2 Marks]

Explain the cause of confusion between Mrs Watie and the tailor?
Step 1
1 point (the cause) 1 mark
1 explanation (reason) 1 mark

1 span is the length between all 5 fingers.


Span is not a SI units
Everyone have different body size

Mrs Watie use her own hand to measure 2 spans


The tailor use his own hand
The probabilities that Mrs Watie and the tailor has different
size is high
(relate your information with the information/concept that you
know)

Step 2

Step 3

Point

: Mrs Watie and the tailor may have a different size of

span.
Step 4 Explanation : The span size used by Mrs Watie and the tailor may
varies which cause the different in curtain
measurement

Example 2:
5

Miss Azrinawatijj 2016

SCIENCE FORM 3 (NOTES)


Bile is produced in the liver and stored in the gall blader. The diagram below
shows the action of bile on fats that goes into the alimentary canal. Why is
this action important in the digestion of fats?
[2 Marks]
Bile

Small droplets of fat

Large drop of fat

Why is this action important in the digestion of fats?


Step 1
1 point (effect of bile on fat) 1 mark
1 explanation (reason for the importance of effect of bile on
fat ) 1 mark
- The action of bile on fat is called emulsification
- Emulsification is the process of the fat change from one large
drop into small droplets
Step 2
- The small droplets have larger total surface area
- The fat will be digest by an enzyme called lipase
- To digest the fat, the fat will comes into contact with the
enzyme
RELATE THE INFORMATION:
The enzyme will works more efficient if more surface area
expose to it
The emulsification helps to change the large drop of fat into
Step 3
small droplets which have larger surface area
As the smaller droplets, larger surface area, more enzyme will
comes in contact with the fat compare with larger drop of fat
Point

: Fat emulsification by bile produces smaller


droplets of fat.
Step 4 Explanation : Smaller droplets of fat has larger surface area
that will increase the action of fats which will
increase the efficiency
digestionofofthe
fats
Theof
importance
action
The action

The reason

for digestion

HOTs
6

Miss Azrinawatijj 2016

SCIENCE FORM 3 (NOTES)


1.

Plant cells have wall that provide protection and support which is
absent in animal cells. In your opinion, what will happen if animals
have cell wall?
[2 marks]

Step 1

Step 2

Step 3

Step 4

Miss Azrinawatijj 2016

SCIENCE FORM 3 (NOTES)


2.

Philip found there are a lot of mosquitoes near his house area. Through
reading, he got the idea that mosquito larvae can be killed by pouring
oil on stagnant (bertakung) water. How this action can reduce the
mosquito
population
in
his
area.
Explain
your
answer.
[2 marks]

Step 1

Step 2

Step 3

Step 4

Miss Azrinawatijj 2016

SCIENCE FORM 3 (NOTES)


3.

A boy is suffering from digestive system problem. The diagram below


shows part of the boys large intestine. Suggest the food should be
taken by him in large quantities to prevent the problem faced. Justify
your suggestion.
[2
marks]

Step 1

Step 2

Step 3

Step 4

Miss Azrinawatijj 2016

SCIENCE FORM 3 (NOTES)

10

Miss Azrinawatijj 2016