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Process of making new laws in BiH

In every country there is a specific way how new laws are being made. It depends
on government organization. For example if we want a new law to come to
realization Make possible for taking driver license test at age of 16, we would need
to follow these 6 steps:
1: Application for a new law;
2: First phase of commission board;
3: First reading;
4: Second phase of commission board;
5: Second reading;
6: Adjustment;
1) APLICATION FOR A NEW LAW
To send law prepositions you first have to met requirements to be able to.
Laws can be submitted by authorized parties:
Any representative of:
a) Commission chamber
b) Joint commission of both houses
c) Delegates from both houses ( house of people and house of
representatives)
d) Presidency
e) Council of ministers
Any authorized party can sent application only from their fields of jurisdiction.
(minister of science cant send application for a law that concerns country monetary
policy).
Proposition of a law is sent to chairman of the house who put it on agenda for a
meeting.
*Shortened legislative procedure. Members of a council can ask for a shortened
legislative procedure if that laws is urgent and of high importance or it is easy to
adjust ( meaning there is only approval or disapproval, and long discussions and
adjustments are not needed). If it passes as shortened legislative procedure, the
procedure is shortened by half.
2) FIRST PHASE OF COMMISSION BOARD

In the first committee stage, constitutional commission considers compliance of


draft laws with the constitution and current legal system, and the competent
committee discusses the principles on which the law is based. Both commission
submits its home positive or negative opinion.
3) FIRST READING
In the first reading, in the home delegates discuss about new law and it ends in
adoption or rejection of the draft law. If the house accepts the negative opinion of
the constitutional or competent committee, the law shall be deemed rejected, and if
they accept the positive opinion, law is considered adopted in the first reading. If
they do not accept the opinions of the committees, the home requires that the
commission draft a new opinion based on new guidelines and deadlines established
by home.
4) SECOND PHASE OF SOMMISSION BOARD
During the second phase of the commission, the commission discuss and then vote
on the text of the draft law
and possibly the proposed amendments, and
subsequently on the law with proposed amendments. Amendments can be deliver
by delegate, union of delegates, law proposer and Council of Ministers. Discussion
can lead to either positive or negative report.
5) SECOND READING
In the second reading at the session of the house delegates discuss of the law and
report relevant from committees and any amendments submitted at the plenary
stage. Delegates, union of delegates may propose amendments contesting the
amendments adopted by the committee. After voting on amendments, the vote on
the law and its final text. If the text of the draft law is adopted by one house, the
law is sent to the other house, where the procedure is repeated.
6) ADJUSTMENT
The law is considered adopted after both houses have approved identical text. If this
is not the case, a joint commission is established for harmonization which seeks to
reach agreement on an identical text. If one of the Houses does not adopt the report
of the joint committee, the law shall be deemed rejected.
The adopted law shall be published in the Official letter of BiH.