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Redback Networks

SmartEdge 800 Router

Availability, performance and flexibility
for delivering carrier-class IP services


E Routing protocols: Built from the

ground up, with a focus on high

availability, scalability and support
for new protocols such as MPLS
E Highly redundant hardware: Engineer-

ed to carrier standards and deployed

in carrier networks worldwide
E High performance programmable

packet forwarding: Based on a Packet

Processing ASIC (PPA) developed by
E Unmatched port density: Up to 4,032

DS1 ports in an extremely compact

chassis that occupies less than one
fourth of a standard 7-foot rack
E Familiar Command Line Interface:

Simplifies provisioning and speeds

time to service

The unprecedented acceptance of the Internet as an essential business

tool has created new opportunities for service providers, as well as new
challenges. Among the challenges is the urgency of improving service
availability as business customers become increasingly intolerant of
unreliable IP services and demand SLAs. In addition, the steep upward
trajectory in IP service demand has introduced new requirements for scaling the network. This involves not only increasing network capacity and
packet-forwarding rates, but also ensuring that the operating software
that supports routing protocols and packet forwarding processes is also
scalable, robust, and highly resilient. Finally, margin and competitive pressures are motivating interest in IP services beyond basic Internet access
but uncertainty about what new IP services will predominate over the long
term, or even what protocols or data encapsulations will be required to
implement them, complicates decision making about suitable platforms.
The SmartEdge 800 Router, a member of the SmartEdge family of
carrier-grade networking platforms, is targeted at IP dedicated access
services, as well as hosting and network based storage sites
and backbone core applications. The product is distinguished by a number of features for providers focused on
delivering highly available IP services today, and having
total flexibility to support new IP services in the future.



IP Aggregation
DS1, DS3, Ethernet,
ATM, Frame Relay


Redundant high-speed trunks

n x OC-48 or Gigabit Ethernet

Access Network
(Layer 1, Layer 2)

IP Backbone


SmartEdge 800

Scalable routing protocols

- hundreds of peering sessions

The SmartEdge 800 Router supports channelized interfaces to deliver

DS1/E1 and DS3/E3 port density for dedicated access services.
Channelized OC-12c interfaces support up to 336 DS1s or 24 DS3
terminations in a single slot.
A high-density Channelized DS3 line card also delivers 336 DS1s
and clear channel DS3/E3 modules offers 12 ports for POPs where an
optical handoff is not available. Frame Relay termination is supported
over DS1/E1, DS3/E3, and POS interfaces. DS3, OC-3c/STM-1 and
OC-12c/STM-4 ATM support termination of thousands of VCs per port.
Redundant high-speed OC-48c/STM-16 or Gigabit Ethernet trunk
interfaces can be used in dense POPs to support 3,360 DS1 customers
(or 120 DS3/E3 customers) in a chassis with nominal oversubscription
of the service. The SmartEdge 800 Router hardware and software are
engineered for high availability to ensure system and network reliability
and to maintain customer SLAs.

Core routers
n x OC-48c trunks
upgrade to OC-192c

SE 800

Transit and


Large hosting site


Highly available and

scalable routing protocols

For core and wholesale applications the SmartEdge 800 Router

supports OC3c/STM-1 through OC-48c/STM-16 interfaces. The 4-port
OC-12c/STM-4 and 8-port OC-3c/STM-1 interfaces yield chassis densities
of 40 OC-12c/STM-4 or 80 OC-3c/STM-1 connections when used with
redundant high-speed OC-48c/STM-16 or Gigabit Ethernet trunk interfaces. The SmartEdge 800 Router hardware and software are engineered
for high availability to guarantee network availability. Redback routing
protocols are built from the ground up to ensure scalability and have been
proven to interoperate in provider backbones.


Network Based Storage

PoP with provider-hosted
routers and storage

Private enterprise


SmartEdge 800
Router with
routing contexts

Network based storage represents a new revenue opportunity for service

providers. The SmartEdge 800 Router supports multiple routing contexts
that simplify deployment of the service by eliminating the requirement for
dedicated routing resources for every customer. Instead each customer
gets a routing context configured in a SmartEdge chassis that can be
configured and monitored just like a dedicated router. Customers with
private IP addresses can be supported without the need for a NAT function, since each context supports an independent and non-overlapping
address space.

Redback Networks

12 slots for line cards

Hot swap

System Architecture
The SmartEdge 800 Router is engineered for deployment
in the most demanding network environments. All common
equipment and line cards are hot swappable and critical
components such as the route processor can be implemented in redundant configurations with a hot standby.
Innovative software enables fast fail
over to a hot standby Route Processor
The SmartEdge Router
with no interruption to forwarding, and
near hitless software upgrades. The
packs considerable
switch fabric employs high-performance
ASICs developed by Redback and is
performance into an
distributed to every line card, thus
extremely compact
having no single point of failure. There
is a dedicated processor for time critical
form factor.
IO functions such as fault and performance monitoring and alarms. Power
and return lines are diversely routed across the backplane
for every slot in the chassis.
The SmartEdge Router packs considerable performance into an extremely compact form factor. The 15.75"
chassis (9 Rack Units, 4 chassis per rack) has a packet
mesh that operates at 60 Gbps with sustained packet
forwarding rates of 60 Mpps. There are 14 slots in the
chassis, two for route processors and 12 for line cards.
High port densities allow providers to maximize the use
of rack space and conserve power both of which are
significant contributors to operational expense.

Ports per slot

Fast Ethernet
Gigabit Ethernet
OC-12c/STM-4 ATM


Ports per chassis


15.75" H
17.5" W
16.00" D

60 Gbps Switching Capacity

ASIC based
Distributed on-line cards
60 Mpps Forwarding
Programmable ASICs
Distributed on-line cards
Redundant Route

High-availability hardware and software

Redback has invested heavily in building highly resilient
hardware and operating software for the SmartEdge 800
Router. Recognizing that all of the routing protocol suites
available in the open market lack high availability characteristics, the SmartEdge OS was built from the ground up.
The code is optimized for high availability and engineered
for scalability to support next-generation requirements
for peering. It is also designed to accommodate new
protocols such as MPLS and IPv6 with new encapsulations
and Address Families.
Advanced features that maximize Route Processor availability. The SmartEdge 800 Router hardware and software

support a hot standby route processor with fast fail over

with no interruption to forwarding. An Active Component
Upgrade feature allows individual routing protocols to be
upgraded with no interruption to forwarding.
Software modularity and process restartability. The

SmartEdge OS is highly modular to improve system reliability. Every protocol: BGP, OSPF, RIP, is a separate process.
The Routing Information Base and configuration UI are
also separate processes. Failure of one process has no
impact on any other process. For example, if a network
event crashes BGP it does not affect any other protocols
and does not cause a system crash. Every process can
also be restarted independently. If a routing protocol fails
it can be restarted without affecting any other protocol.

Non-stop forwarding. Software for the SmartEdge 800 Router is

designed to support packet forwarding in the absence of the
network control functions that populate the forwarding tables.
This means that interfaces remain up and packets continue to be
forwarded, even through failure and restart of routing processes
or the RIB. Business customer traffic and SLAs are not affected by
control plane transitions; instead, the network remains available.
Separation of route determination and forwarding. The route deter-

mination and forwarding functions in the SmartEdge 800 Router are

strictly separated. The route processor card is dedicated exclusively
to processing route updates and route calculation. There is no
forwarding code on the route processor.

OC-48 line card

BGP Graceful Restart. The SmartEdge 800 Router will support BGP

Graceful Restart, an Internet Draft that specifies a mechanism to

minimize the impact of restarting BGP. Without Graceful Restart,
when BGP is restarted, BGP peers detect that a session went
down. The resulting route re-computation and network-wide routing
updates consumes processing resources and potentially introduces
undesirable network behavior in the form of blackholes or transient
forwarding loops. BGP Graceful Restart works in tandem with nonstop forwarding by adding a new measure of network-wide control
plane stability that complements the forwarding plane stability
introduced with non-stop forwarding.

Ch OC-12 line cards

Incoming Packet
Forwarding look-up,
access controls
(ACLs), rate limiting,
marking etc.
Dedicated incoming
packet processor
on every line card

Exit Packet Processing

ACLs, queuing,
scheduling, rate limiting

Dedicated outgoing packet

processor on every line card

Distributed forwarding. Forwarding functions on the SmartEdge 800

Router are distributed on every line card. A failure of one line card
has no impact whatsoever on packet forwarding for any other line
card. In contrast to most existing platforms, the forwarding path of
the SmartEdge 800 Router is fully programmable, so it can forward
any packet type, with any encapsulation, without intervention by the
Route Processor. Thus, there is no central point of failure for packet
forwarding, even for specialized packet types.

High-performance switching
and programmable forwarding
The SmartEdge 800 Router employs a very high-performance
packet mesh, whereby every card is interconnected to every other
card. The packet mesh has 60Gbps of switching capacity and is
built with ASICs developed by Redback
All of the packet forwarding functions in the SmartEdge are
implemented with Redbacks specialized network processors,
called Packet Processing ASICs (PPA). The SmartEdge 800 Router
uses a dedicated PPA on every line card for input packet processing
and another dedicated PPA on every line card for outgoing packet
processing. With dedicated packet processors for incoming and
outgoing traffic, the SmartEdge 800 Router can support high-

SmartEdge 800 Router

performance forwarding, with a rich set of packet processing

features (ACLs, rate limiting, etc) turned on, both on the access
side (toward the customer) and the backbone side.
The SmartEdge 800 Router forwarding software was built
from the ground up to be fully distributed, with incoming and
outgoing packet processing, thereby ensuring scalability and
feature richness today, and in the future. More importantly,
Redbacks PPA is fully programmable so enabling new services
is as straightforward as reprogramming the hardware. The PPA
preserves investments in hardware going forward since new
features can be enabled with new software rather than new

Value added features

The SmartEdge 800 Router has a full complement of packet
processing features that can be used to enable IP services. These
include extensive packet classification/filtering capabilities based
on ingress port/circuit, source/destination IP address and/or TCP
port or protocol. Packets can be marked per the Diffserv specification or the Type of Service bits can be set. Access Control Lists
are supported to permit or deny packets based on the same filter
Security features include a Reverse Path Forwarding (RPF)
check and a Denial of Service logging feature that logs the address
and other information of packets that violate the RPF check or fail
other administrative criteria.
Traffic control functions include rate limiting, whereby incoming and outgoing traffic is rate limited to meet a mutually agreed
upon traffic profile, typically a sustained bandwidth value plus a
specified burst tolerance. Traffic shaping works on egress packet
streams to shape traffic to meet a mutually agreed upon profile.
The SmartEdge 800 Router also supports sophisticated queuing
and scheduling. There are up to 1k queues available per line card
and the number and use of the queues is configurable. Priority
scheduling is used in conjunction with rate limiting to manage
bandwidth. For congestion control, the SmartEdge 800 Router
uses Random Early Detect (RED) and Weighted Random Early
Detect (WRED), the two most commonly employed techniques
available today.

Support for multiple contexts

A unique service enabling capability of the SmartEdge 800 Router
is support for multiple routing contexts, which allow a provider
to partition a chassis with software to create contexts or virtual
routers. Each context appears to the service provider (and end
customer) as a full-featured router with a console along with all
of the monitoring and configuration features they would expect to
see in a dedicated router.

Routing protocol interoperability and scaling

Delivering IP services requires a complete set of scalable interior
and Exterior Gateway routing protocols equipped with the latest
feature extensions. The SmartEdge 800 Router supports BGP,
IS-IS, OSPF, RIP, and IGMP. BGP features include Route Aggregation,
MD5 Authentication, Route Reflection, Route Flap Dampening,
Confederations, Communities, Peer Groups and new extensions
such as BGP Refresh, Outbound Route Filtering, and BGP Graceful
Restart. Interior Gateway Protocol (IGP) features supported include:
multiple levels, multiple instances (with redistribution between
instances), load balancing and authentication. For any combination
of route table size and peers the routing protocols will offer
unmatched convergence times.

Redback Networks

SmartEdge 800 Router


15.75"(H) x 17.5" (W) x 16" (D), four chassis
per 7 rack
19" and 23" rack mountable (front)
14 slots, 2 for Route Processors; 12 universal
slots for line cards, Weight: 50 lbs unloaded;
fully loaded chassis approx. 90 lbs
Connectors on chassis: Power A, B; dual BITS
synchronization inputs and outputs; alarm
output, status input
Route Processor Module
2 per chassis (1 working + 1 standby)
Power PC 750
768 Mb memory (per XCRP) for primary
384M flash memory for configuration file
management and statistics collection
PC card slot for 1 GB IBM Microdrive for
secondary storage, diagnostics and statistics
BITS clock sources (2) for external stratum
clock inputs
Stratum 3 Oscillator
Management ports: 2 craft ports: DB-9
RS-232, Rear async modem port, Ethernet
10/100 TX
Line Cards
Dual Packet Processing ASICs (PPA); 1 for
ingress processing, 1 for egress processing
Switch fabric ASICs



1 port Channelized OC-12c (336 DS1s)

2 port Channelized OC-12c (2 x 12 DS3s)
2 port Channelized STM-1 (2x63 E1s)
1 port Oc-48 c/STM-16
4 port OC-12c/STM-4
8 port OC-3c/STM-1
12 port Channelized DS3 (12 x 28 DS1s)
4 port DS3 ATM
2 port OC-3c/STM-1 ATM
1 port OC-12c/STM-4 ATM
12 port 10/100TX
12 port 100FX
4 port Gigabit Ethernet

PPP/HDLC, cHDLC, Ethernet, IEEE802.1p/q,

ATM and Frame Relay, RFC 1483 IP over ATM,
RFC 1490 IP over Frame Relay

1:N (max N=4) on DS-3, 1+1 OC-n/STM-m, 1+1
for all common CPUs, Clock and independent
power to each line card
Operating Environment
Temperature: 5-40 degrees
Humidity: 5-85% RH
Power: -48 V DC
NEBS Level III in process, CE Mark, UL 1950,
GR-63 Core, GR-1089 Core, ETS 300 386-2
FCC Part 15, EN55022 class A, ETS 300 386-2

BGP-4 (RFC 1771), IS-IS (RFC 1195 & ISO/IEC
10589), OSPF v2 (RFC 2328), PIM (v2)
Sparse Mode RFC 2362, IGMP v1, v2: RFC
2236, MBGP: IETF Draft, MSDP: IETF Draft
Configuration and Network Management
Industry familiar Command Line Interface
(CLI) support via telnet or Secure Shell (SSH)
Multiple user groups or access levels with
definable access privileges
User authentication via RADIUS, TACACS+,
local file
Transaction based configuration against a
configuration database including commits,
aborts and ability to roll back unintended
NetOp EMS support for event logs, SNMP
traps, interface statistics for troubleshooting
and performance monitoring, port views and
chassis views
Specifications are subject to change without notice. 2001 Redback
Networks Inc. All rights reserved. Redback is a U.S. registered trademark.
SMS, SmartEdge, NetOp are trademarks of Redback Networks Inc. All
other products or services mentioned are the trademarks, service marks,
registered trademarks or registered service marks of their respective

Restartable routing processes
Nonstop forwarding
Hot standby route processors
Active Component Upgrade
Multiple Contexts
Access Control Lists
Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP)
Class of Service: Packet classification, DiffServ
AF1-4 & EF packet marking; Rate limiting and
traffic shaping, priority queuing with rate
limiting, RED and WRED
Security: Reverse Path Forwarding check,
Denial of Service Logging, SSH, MD5 support
for routing protocols, key rollover, Radius,

300 Holger Way, San Jose CA 95134-1362

Tel: 408-571-5000 Fax: 408-571-5599 info@redback.com www.redback.com