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5/29/2016

StressAnalysisofJacketedPipingSystemusingCaesarIIWhatisPiping

StressAnalysisofJacketedPipingSystemusingCaesarII
April1,2016 1Comment

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Jacketedpipingrequiresspecialstressanalysis.Jacketedpipingiscommonly
usedtoconveyveryviscousprocessfluidsinaninnerpipe,heatedbysteam/hot
water/hotoilorotherheatingmediumbetweenthejacketandcorepipe.Fig1
showsnormalcomponentsofajacketedpiping.GeneralDefinitionsofJacketed
PipingComponentsarementionedbelow:

Fig.1:ComponentsofaJacketedPipingSystem
Spacer/GuidePlate/Spider:
Spacersshallbeprovidedforsupportingcorepipefromjacketpipeandtoensureuniformgapbetweencoreandjacketpipes.Thedetailed
dimensionsanddesignofspacershallbeasdesignguideofjacketedpipingpreparedbylayoutteam.Stressengineertofollowspiderspacing
chartwhileanalysis.

PartitionPlate/EndPlate:
Partitionplateorendplateshallbeplacedwheretheflowofsteamorheatingmediumisinterruptedforfulljacketedsystemorattheendof
partiallyjacketedsystem.Thedetaileddimensionsanddesignsshallbeasdesignguidepreparedbylayoutteamforjacketedpiping.
EndClosure:
Endclosure
shallbeused
toterminatejacketpiping.Therearetwotypesofendclosure:CapTypeandPlateType.
Jumpover:
Lengthofasinglejacketcircuitislimited&supplyofheatingmediumcannotbeprovidedseparatelyforeachcircuit.Jumpovers(Fig.2)are
usedtoconnecttwodifferentjacketcircuitsinseriesforcontinuoussupplyofheatingmediumanddrainingsystem.DetailsofJumpover
sizesanddesignshallbeasperguidepreparedbylayoutteamforjacketedpiping.

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StressAnalysisofJacketedPipingSystemusingCaesarIIWhatisPiping

Fig.2:FigureshowingtypicaljumpoversinJacketedPipingSystem
JacketMedium:
Heatingmediumcanbegasorliquid.
ReinforcingRingPlate:
IncasejacketpipeistobeterminatedoncorepipehavingthicknessofSCH10Sandbelow,thecorepipeshallbesuitablyreinforcedwitha
reinforcementringatweldjoint.
SupportingConcept:
Allsupportsshallbeprovidedonjacketpipe.
CAESARIIMODELLING
ModelingtheCorePipe:
Donotgiveinsulationthicknesswhilemodelingcorepipe.
Temperatureshouldbethetemperatureofprocessline.
Pressureshouldbethepressureoftheprocessline.
Fluiddensityshouldbethefluiddensityoftheprocessfluid.
Nowind/waveorearthquaketobeappliedoncore.
Allcorebendsareoflargediameter(R=1.5D).Forslurrylineswhereradiusmaybe4Dthensameshallbeentered(referproject
standard).
IncaseofCrossArrangementforprovidingroddingfacility,SIFcanbeobtainedfromvendorandshallbeenteredinallfourpointsof
CrossConnection.
Nosupportsshallcomedirectlyoncorepipe.
Selectionofnodenumbersissameasnormalpipemodelingstartingfromnode10.
Allspiders,whichareactingasinternalsupports,canbemodeledasverticalrestraintspluslateralrestraints(guides)withgapas
mentionedinjacketedpipingspecification.
Locationofspidershallbepresumedbeforemodeling&provideafreenodeatthatlocation.
Atplaceswherejacketwillbesupported,givenodenumbersofthoselocationsincorepipelike5,15,115(ReferFig.3)etc.Allother
nodeswillbemultipleof10.
Thestartingandfinishingnodetorigidnodeshouldbedefinedasrestraints,whichwillhelptoconnectcorepipeandjacketpipe.
Allrigidelementsshallbemodeledasnormalmodelingprocedure.
ModelingtheJacketPipe:
Aneasywayistomodelthejacketpipebyrunningthroughtheentirecoreandthenduplicatethecorepipingusingapropernode
increment(like1000).
Changethediameterofthejacketpipeaccordingtothespecifications.
Changethewallthicknessofthejacketpipe.
Alljacketedbendsareofshortradiusi.e.R=1D.Forslurrylines,radiusmaychange.Referprojectstandard.
IncaseofCrossArrangementforprovidingroddingfacility,SIFcanbeobtainedfromvendorandshallbeenteredinallfourpointsof
CrossConnection.
Applyinsulationthicknessandinsulationdensity.
Applywind/wave/seismicifany.
Temperatureshouldbethetemperatureoftheheatingmedium.
Pressureshouldbethepressureoftheheatingmedium.
Allsupportsshouldbeonjacketedportiononly.
Ifsteamisflowinginjacketpipethenputdensityaszero,otherwisefollowtheformulaprovidedinthenextpoint.
Ifboththejacketandthecorearefluidfilled,thefluiddensityofthejacketmustbereducedtoavoidexcess(incorrect)weight.Caesar
IIdoesnotdothisautomatically.
Calculatetheactualdensityasperbelowcalculation:
Actualjacketfluiddensity=[(rj2Rc2)/rj2]xdj
Where,rj=InnerradiusofjacketRc=Outerradiusofcoredj=Densityofheatingmedium

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StressAnalysisofJacketedPipingSystemusingCaesarIIWhatisPiping

Fig.3:Figureshowingthenodenumbering
CombiningtheCoreandJacketModeling:
Thejacketwillendwithflangejoints/Plate/CappedEnd.Soatthesepointstherewillbephysicalconnectionbetweenthecoreandthe
jacket.Sothesepointsneedtobeconnectedbyanchor.Forexampleifthereisaflangeatnode50then
50ANCCNODE105060ANCCNODE1060
Deletetherigidelement10501060fromjacketportion.
AtspiderlocationsdefineY,Zrestraints(onthecorepipe)ifpipeisinXdirectionandthenconnectitbygivingCNODEonjacket.
Ifthelineispartiallyjacketedthenmodelitsameasthefulljacketpipinganddeletetheelementfromthejacketportionwheretheline
isnotjacketed.
Somewhereinfulljacketedsystemdeletetherigidelement.
Insomesystems,thejacketandthecoreconsistofdifferentmaterials.Thisconditionmustbemodeledverycarefully,sincethe
thermalgrowthinthecorewillbedifferentfromthethermalgrowthofthejacket.
ANALYSISANDOTHERCALCULATIONS
ClickheretofindthemajorcheckswhicharerequiredforjacketedpipingstressanalysisusingCaesarII

FEWPOINTSTOTAKESPECIALATTENTION
Ingeneralengineeringpracticemaximumlengthofjacketservedbyonehotwaterinletshallbe20mandonesteaminletshallbe25m.
Samewaythetotallengthofonecircuitshallnotexceed20mincaseofcontinuousjacketingand25mincaseofdiscontinuous
jacketing.
Maxlengthrequiredtoasinglejacketshallalsodependentonbucklingload(Pcr)check.
Jumpoversshallbedesignedsuchthatairpocketsmaybeavoidedwithheatingmediumasliquid.
Flowofheatingmediumthroughjacketshallbeinseriestoavoidanycoldpointinsystem.
Forheatingmediumasliquidthefeedanddrainnozzleshallbeprovidedatthelowestandhighestpointofthejacketrespectively.For
heatingmediumasvaporthefeedanddrainnozzleshallbeprovidedatthehighestandlowestpointofjacketrespectively.
Asfaraspossibleflangejointsoncorepipeshallbeavoided.Theyaretobeprovidedonlyatequipmentnozzles,valves,sp.fittings,
instruments,etc.havingflangedends.Alsoforlineswhichneedtobedismantledduringmaintenance.
Additionallateralrestraints,intheformofspacers,cancausehighaxialloadswhichcouldconceivablyinitiatedistressatthepipeto
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