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RELATIVE CLAUSES. REPHRASING.

1. The pipeline has been damaged. It carries the towns water supplies.
The pipeline which / that carries the towns water supplies has been damaged.
2. The exhibition was not very interesting. My friend took me to see it.
The exhibition which / that / ----- my friend took me to see was not very interesting.
3. Paintings by Renoir realized record prizes in the sale. The sale took place at Sothebys
in London yesterday.
Paintings by Renoir realized record prizes in the sale which / that took place at Sothebys
in London yesterday.
4. Is the offer still open? You made the offer last week.
Is the offer that / which / ----- you made last week still open?
5. Only by exporting enough can we pay for the goods. We buy these goods from abroad.
Only by exporting enough can we pay for the goods which / that / ----- we buy from
abroad.
6. I know the very person. He will do the job quickly.
I know the person who / that will do the job quickly.
7. In some areas of Britain, unemployment is a fact of life. People have grown
accustomed to facing this fact.
In some areas of Britain, unemployment is a fact of life which / that / ----- people have
grown accustomed to facing.
8. The problem today is to build houses at a price. Young couples can afford to pay the
price
The problem today is to build houses at a price which / that / ----- young couples can
afford to pay.
9. Members of the local sub-aqua club came across a wreck. It had lain on the sea-bed
for over 200 years.
Members of the local sub-aqua club came across a wreck which / that had lain on the seabed for over 200 years.
10.Some London policemen were sent to America on a goodwill visit. They are well-known
for their politeness and helpfulness.
Some London policemen who /that are well-known for their politeness and helpfulness
were sent to America on a goodwill visit.
11.Foreign visitors often find that English weather is not so bad as they had supposed.
They often associate it with fog and rain.
Foreign visitors often find that English weather, which they often associate with fog and
rain, is not so bad as they had supposed.
12.The Houses of Parliament were begun in 1840 and completed in 1857. They cost
3,000,000 to build.
The Houses of Parliament, which cost 3,000,000 to build, were begun in 1840 and
completed in 1857.
13.The new official guide to London contains a wealth of information for visitors. It will
appear in the bookshops next week.
The new official guide to London, which will appear in the bookshops next week, contains
a wealth of information for visitors.
14.Three acres of land go with this estate. The estate is situated in one of the most
beautiful parts of rural England.
Three acres of land go with this estate, which is situated in one of the most beautiful parts
of rural England.
15.Three acres of land go with the estate. The estate is situated in one of the most
beautiful parts of rural England.

Three acres of land go with the estate which / that is situated in one of the most beautiful
parts of rural England.
16.The headmaster spoke to the boys. Their work was below standard.
The headmaster spoke to the boys whose work was below standard.
17.We came within sight of the Everest. Its summit has attracted so many climbers.
We came within sight of the Everest, whose summit has attracted so many climbers.
18.Bernard Russell died in 1970. His philosophical writings made a profound impact on
philosophers all over the world.
Bernard Russell, whose philosophical writings made a profound impact on philosophers all
over the world, died in 1970.
19.Very few people understood his lecture. The subject of his lecture was very obscure.
Very few people understood his lecture, the subject of which / whose subject was very
obscure.
20.The fire started on the first floor of the hospital. Many of its patients are elderly.
The fire started on the first floor of the hospital, many of whose patients are elderly.
21.Mr. Jack Smiths letter was published in your columns yesterday. He should check his
facts more carefully.
Mr. Jack Smiths letter, whose facts he should check more carefully, was published in your
columns yesterday.
22.The latest model of this car gives much more passenger room. Its exterior dimensions
remain unchanged.
The latest model of this car, whose exterior dimensions remain unchanged, gives much
more passenger room.
23.The car driver was sent to prison for six months. The entire blame for the accident
rested on his shoulders.
The car driver on whose shoulders the entire blame for the accident rested was sent to
prison for six months.
24.I cant remember the name of the person. I gave the money to him.
I cant remember the name of the person to whom I gave the money.
I cant remember the name of the person whom / who / that / ----- I gave the money to.
25.Coronary thrombosis is a disease. High sugar consumption is believed to play a part in
this disease.
Coronary thrombosis is a disease in which high sugar consumption is believed to play a
part.
Coronary thrombosis is a disease which / that / ----- high sugar consumption is believed to
play a part in.

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