Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 34

1.

INTRODUCTION
The purpose of this report is to summarize design assumption, methodology and follow up of codes and
standards, the design criteria and practices that have been used in structural calculation of the proposed
Official Building of District Technical Office at Doti, Doti. These criteria form the basis of the design for
various structural components of the building.
The basic aim of the structural design is to build a structure safe and fulfilling the intended purpose during
the life span as well as economic in terms of initial and maintenance cost. A building is structurally sound if
the individual elements satisfy the criteria for strength, stability and serviceability and in the seismic area
additional criteria for ductility and energy absorption capacity. The strength criterion is valid for all loads
that will normally be applied to the building during the life time. The concern for overcoming the accidents,
overloading and disasters are needed for a building is necessary though they are not related to the design
directly.
Since Nepal lies in seismically vulnerable zone, and Kathmandu is very much prone to the disaster, the
concept of seismic design is very necessary in building new constructions. According to the philosophy of
seismic design, the structure shall resist minor earthquakes without damage, resist moderate earthquake
with minor structural damages and resist major catastrophic earthquakes without collapse. The structure has
to be ductile and capable of dissipating energy through inelastic actions. Ductility can be achieved by
avoiding brittle modes of failures. Brittle modes of failures include shear and bond failure which concludes
that the structure is designed on Weak Beam Strong Column Philosophy.
The design report includes five sections in which, Section-01 is the introductory section. Section-02 will
summarize the applicable codes and standards followed in structural calculation. Section-03 for soil report
& section-04 deals with the general design criteria and working methodology, the assumptions in load
calculation both for dead load live load and seismic load. Section-05 is the main section which describes the
details of structural calculation of these buildings.
1.1. Building Parameters

Building Description

The Building is three and half storied. The floor to floor height is 10-6 and the total height from ground
level is 45-6 whereas the maximum length of the building is 43-9 and the breadth is 43-6.

Location

The building shall be built at Doti, Doti and inspecting the neighborhood, the soil is medium type with no
presence of Black Cotton Soil and the terrain is slight sloppy.

Structural System

-1-

The structure has been designed with Ductile Moment Resisting Reinforced Concrete Frame without
masonry infill wall as per to meet the functional, architectural and economic considerations for aesthetic
building.

Frame System

The structure has three frames in Longitudinal and two frames in transverse direction. To strengthen the
rigidity of the building, the columns have been placed with long side in transverse direction which shall
counteract the lower rigidity at the transverse side of the building. The external walls are 9 and the
partition walls are 4 thick which has been considered as non-load bearing partition walls.

2. DESIGN CODES AND STANDARDS


The structural calculation of this building shall be in accordance with all applicable laws and regulations of
the Government of Nepal, and its referral to any other standards. A summary of the codes and standards
used in structural analysis and design have been listed as below.

Design of Earthquake Resisting Building, Reinforced Concrete Masonry, NBC105

IS:875-1987 (Part 1) , Code of Practice for Design Loads in Building and Structure-Dead loads,
Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi,1989

IS:875-1987 (Part 2) , Code of Practice for design loads in Building and Structure-Dead loads,
Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi,1989

IS:1893- (Part I)-2002, Criteria for Earthquake Resistant Design structure, Bureau of Indian
standards, New Delhi,1986

IS 456:2000, Plain and Reinforced Concrete- Code of Practice, Bureau of Indian Standards, New
Delhi, 2001

IS 13920:1993, Ductility Detailing of Reinforced Concrete Structures subjected to Seismic ForcesCode of Practice, Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi, 2002

IS 2950 (Part I) -1981, Code of Practice for Design and Construction of Raft Foundations, Bureau of
Indian Standards, New Delhi, 1998

3. SOIL REPORT
As per the Geotechnical investigation at site, the allowable bearing capacity of soil was taken the minimum
value which is 150 KN/m2.

-2-

4. GENERAL DESIGN CRITERIA


4.1. Design Loads
Design loads for all structures have been in accordance to the criteria described below.
4.1.1. Dead Loads:
The structure has been designed considering following dead loads:

Average load of 9 partition wall on all


frame in floors without openings

15

KN/m

Average load of 9 partition wall on all


frame in floors with openings

12.5

KN/m

Average load of 4 partition wall on all


frame in floors

KN/m

Average load of 4 parapet wall

3.5

KN/m

(NOTE: Dead load of slabs ,beams, columns all are program calculated as per
assignment)
UNIT WEIGHT (MATERIAL)
Reinforced concrete

25

KN/m3

Steel

78.5

KN/m3

Brick Masonry

23.5

KN/m3

Unit weight of soil

17

KN/m3

4.1.2. Live Loads


The considered live loads on floor at various locations are as followings:
Staircase, lobby areas

4.0

KN/m2

Rooms

3.0

KN/m2

Imposed load

3.0

KN/m2

In other areas where uses not identified

3.0

KN/m2

4.1.3. Seismic load:

The site location is on high seismic risk as per seismic hazard map of Nepal. LINEAR STATIC
OR SEISMIC COFFICIENT METHOD has been adopted in earthquake load estimation and
distribution. The seismic forces determined by seismic analysis are directly applied at the special joints

-3-

created at the center of mass of each floor level. The program calculates the center of stiffness of the
structure and the Torsion is accepted automatically by the program which results in no extra
calculations to carry out the forces due to torsion.
For calculation of the Base Shear, the Building has been classified as Residential Building with
Importance factor of unity as well as the Performance factor of unity as per Clause 8.1.8 of NBC 105.
The zoning factor has been accepted unity as per NBC 105 and the sub soil category is Type II
(Medium Soil).

4.1.4. Load Combinations


The design loads including earthquake for the Limit State Method shall be not less than whichever of
the following load combination gives the greatest effect (NBC105:1994) :
DL + 1.3 LL + 1.25 E

DL+1.3LL+1.25EQx

0.9 DL + 1.25 E

DL+1.3LL-1.25EQx

DL + 1.25 E (without considering snow load)

Dl+1.3LL+1.25EQy

1.5 DL + 1.5 LL

DL+1.3LL-1.25EQy

Which can been expressed as follows

0.9DL+1.25EQx
0.9DL-1.25EQx
0.9DL+1.25EQy
0.9DL-1.25Eqy
DL+1.25EQx
DL-1.25EQx
DL+1.25EQy
DL-1.25EQy

1.5 DL + 1.5 LL
4.1.5. Allowable Stresses
Each load combination shall not exceed the allowable stress permitted by the appropriate code for that
combination. The IS 1893-(Part-I) 2002 allows a 33% stress increase for seismic and wind design in
which specifies loading combinations to be used for the design of structures and portions thereof when
using the allowable stress design method. These combinations are permitted a one-third increase in
allowable stresses for all combinations including wind or seismic. In foundation design, the allowable
bearing capacity could be increased by 33% on the permissible bearing capacity of soil where seismic
or wind load action. In NBC 105:1994, up to 50% increase in the allowable bearing capacity could be

-4-

made whenever earthquake load is considered. In foundation design, we have assumed 33% increase
in the allowable bearing capacity of the soil.
4.1.6. Materials
The materials described below will be specified and used as a basis for design.
Reinforcing Steel - Reinforcing steel shall meet the requirements of Grade-Fe500.
Cement - Cement used in all concrete mixes will be Portland cement meeting the requirements of IS
standard
Aggregate - Fine aggregates will be clean natural sand. Coarse aggregates will be crushed gravel or
stone. All aggregates shall meet the requirements of IS Code
4.1.7. Design Strengths
The system of concrete and steel reinforcing strength combinations will be used as follows.
Concrete grade, fck = 25 N/mm2
Reinforcing steel, Fe500 (elongation >14.5%)
Modulus of elastic for steel, Es=200 KN/mm2
Modulus of elastic concrete, E c =5700 (fck) KN/mm2
4.1.8. Design Seismic Forces
The computation of horizontal forces and the distribution has been carried out as per clause 8.1.1 and
10 of NBC 105:1994.
The horizontal seismic shear force at the base of the structure is given by
V=Cd Wt
Where, Cd is horizontal seismic force coefficient
Cd= CZIK
The horizontal seismic force is distributed at each level I according to the following equation
Fi=V Wi hi /( Wi hi)
For Subsoil Type III, Period of Vibration T=0.06 H3/4 =0.06 x13.89 3/4 =0.43
From Fig 8.1 from National Building Code, Basic Seismic Coefficient C= 0.08
Seismic Zoning Factor Z= 1.1, for Dipayal
Importance Factor I =1.5 for Essential facilities that should remain functional after an earthquake and
Structural Performance Factor K = 1
Hence, the design horizontal seismic force coefficient Cd = 0.132

-5-

5. STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS & DESIGN


5.1. Structural Analysis by Software:
5.1.1. General :

Structural analysis of this building has been made by SAP2000 Software, produced by CSI,
California Berkeley.

3-Dimensional model has been prepared with the dimension which is shown in the drawings.

No provisional floor for vertical expansion has been considered in the analysis.

The floor diaphragms are assumed to be rigid.

The main beams rest centrally on columns to avoid local eccentricity

For all structural elements, M25 grade concrete will be used. Sizes of all columns in upper floors are
kept the same; however, for columns up to plinth, sizes are increased.

Centre-line dimensions are followed for analysis and design.

Preliminary sizes of structural components are assumed by experience.

For analysis purpose, the beams are assumed to be rectangular so as to distribute slightly larger
moment in columns.

Seismic loads will be considered acting in the horizontal direction (along either of the two principal
directions) and not along the vertical direction, since it is not considered to be significant.

The design seismic force has been applied and automatically distributed by the software at various
floor levels.

The live load has been reduced by 25% for mass source by load.

5.1.2. Modeling

Total weight of Structure:

3543.87 KN

Horizontal Base shear at Plinth level max:

467.79 KN

Fundamental Time period considered:

0.43 sec

Top storey deflection:

37.4 mm

Storey drift:

0.36 mm/m

-6-

5.1.3. Load Combination Definition


Following are the combination definition considered in the structural design of this building
Combo
Name

Combo Type

Case Type

Case
Name

Scale Factor

Steel
Design

Concrete
Design

Alum
Design

Cold Design

COMB1

Linear Add

Linear Static

DL

1.5

No

Yes

No

No

Linear Static

LL

1.5

Linear Static

LL

1.3

No

Yes

No

No

COMB2

Linear Static

DL

COMB2

Linear Static

EQx

1.25

Linear Static

LL

1.3

No

Yes

No

No

COMB3

Linear Static

EQx

-1.25

COMB3

Linear Static

DL

Linear Static

DL

No

Yes

No

No

COMB4

Linear Static

LL

1.3

COMB4

Linear Static

EQy

1.25

Linear Static

DL

No

Yes

No

No

COMB5

Linear Static

LL

1.3

COMB5

Linear Static

EQy

-1.25

Linear Static

EQx

1.25

No

Yes

No

No

Linear Static

DL

0.9

Linear Static

EQy

-1.25

No

Yes

No

No

Linear Static

DL

0.9

Linear Static

DL

0.9

No

Yes

No

No

Linear Static

EQy

1.25

Linear Static

EQy

-1.25

No

Yes

No

No

Linear Static

DL

0.9

Linear Static

EQx

1.25

No

Yes

No

No

Linear Static

DL

1.0

Linear Static

EQx

-1.25

No

Yes

No

No

Linear Static

DL

1.0

Linear Static

EQy

1.25

No

Yes

No

No

Linear Static

DL

1.0

Linear Static

EQy

-1.25

No

Yes

No

No

Linear Static

DL

1.0

COMB1
COMB2

COMB3

COMB4

COMB5

COMB6

Linear Add

Linear Add

Linear Add

Linear Add

Linear Add

COMB6
COMB7

Linear Add

COMB7
COMB8

Linear Add

COMB8
COMB9

Linear Add

COMB9
COMB10

Linear Add

COMB10
COMB11

Linear Add

COMB11
COMB12

Linear Add

COMB12
COMB13
COMB13

Linear Add

-7-

5.2. Structural Analysis on SAP

a) 3-D Modeling:
FEM modeling on software has been made considering all slab element as shell.

-8-

b)

Base Reactions:
The dead load live load and the calculated seismic force has been provided directly to the
software, which gives the following base reaction:

TABLE: Base Reactions


OutputCase
StepType
Text
Text
1.5 ll+dl
dl+1.3ll+1.25eqx
dl+1.3ll-1.25eqx
dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy
dl+1.3ll-1.25eqy
0.9dl+1.25eqx
0.9dl-1.25eqx
0.9dl-1.25eqy
0.9dl+1.25eqy
envelop
envelop
dl
dl+ll
dl+1.25eqx
dl-1.25eqx
dl-1.25eqy
dl+1.25eqy

Max
Min

GlobalFX
KN
0.00
-1368.59
1368.59
0.00
0.00
-1368.59
1368.59
0.00
0.00
1368.59
-1368.59
0.00
0.00
-1368.59
1368.59
0.00
0.00

GlobalFY
KN

GlobalFZ
KN

0.00
0.00
0.00
-1368.59
1368.59
0.00
0.00
1368.59
-1368.59
1368.59
-1368.59
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
1368.59
-1368.59

13951.74
9703.83
9703.83
9703.83
9703.83
7163.03
7163.03
7163.03
7163.03
13951.74
7163.03
3543.88
9301.16
7958.92
7958.92
7958.92
7958.92

GlobalMX
KN-m
84023.11
58628.96
58628.96
70980.38
46277.55
42573.20
42573.20
30221.79
54924.62
84023.11
30221.79
22364.20
56015.41
47303.56
47303.56
34952.14
59654.97

GlobalMY
KN-m
-103483.15
-84164.40
-59461.57
-71812.99
-71812.99
-65968.64
-41265.81
-53617.22
-53617.22
-41265.81
-103483.15
-24853.09
-68988.76
-71926.11
-47223.28
-59574.69
-59574.69

GlobalMZ
KN-m
0.00
8158.54
-8158.54
-10900.08
10900.08
8158.54
-8158.54
10900.08
-10900.08
10900.08
-10900.08
0.00
0.00
8158.54
-8158.54
10900.08
-10900.08

-9-

c) Frame Assign diagram.

The frame has been assigned at previous material setup in following pattern.

Frame at Ground Floor Plan

- 10 -

Frame at Grid 3

- 11 -

Frame at Grid C

- 12 -

d) Bending moment diagram.


The bending moment and shear force diagram for the selected most critical frame has been
presented as below.

BMD at Grid C

- 13 -

SFD at Grid C

- 14 -

SFD at Grid 3

- 15 -

BMD at Grid 3

- 16 -

5.3. Structural Design:


The structural design of all beams and columns has been made as per IS: 456-2000, using SAP 2000
software on LIMIT STATE METHOD of design.

Rebar for Column and Beam at Grid 3

- 17 -

Rebar for Column and Beam at Grid C

- 18 -

Rebar for Beam at First Floor Slab

- 19 -

Rebar for Beam at Second Floor Slab

- 20 -

Table: Column and Beam Design


The Column Design Details are shown in following table.
TABLE: Concrete Design 1 - Column Summary Data - Indian IS 456-2000
Frame

DesignSect

DesignType

Location

PMMCombo

PMMArea

VMajRebar

VMinRebar

ErrMsg

Text

Text

Text

mm

Text

mm2

mm2/mm

mm2/mm

Text

244

col 15x15

Column

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqx

3673.125

0.422

0.422

No Messages

244

col 15x15

Column

1600.2

dl+1.25eqy

1161.288

0.422

0.422

No Messages

244

col 15x15

Column

3200.4

0.9dl+1.25eqx

3135.426

0.422

0.422

No Messages

245

col 15x15

Column

245

col 15x15

Column

1600.2

dl+1.25eqy

245

col 15x15

Column

3200.4

246

col 15x15

Column

246

col 15x15

Column

1600.2

246

col 15x15

Column

247

col 15x15

Column

247

col 15x15

Column

247

col 15x15

248

col 15x15

248
248

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqy

4466.39

0.422

0.422

No Messages

1161.288

0.422

0.422

No Messages

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqy

3484.22

0.422

0.422

No Messages

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqy

4554.362

0.422

0.422

No Messages

dl+1.25eqy

1161.288

0.422

0.422

No Messages

3200.4

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqy

2872.326

0.422

0.422

No Messages

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqx

3386.196

0.422

0.422

No Messages

1600.2

dl+1.25eqy

1161.288

0.422

0.422

No Messages

Column

3200.4

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqx

2532.243

0.422

0.422

No Messages

Column

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqx

4308.421

0.422

0.422

No Messages

col 15x15

Column

1600.2

dl+1.25eqy

1161.288

0.422

0.422

No Messages

col 15x15

Column

3200.4

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqx

3811.943

0.422

0.422

No Messages

249

col 15x15

Column

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

5071.513

0.422

0.422

No Messages

249

col 15x15

Column

1600.2

1.5 ll+dl

1271.162

0.422

0.422

No Messages

249

col 15x15

Column

3200.4

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

4119.426

0.422

0.422

No Messages

250

col 15x15

Column

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

5263.823

0.422

0.422

No Messages

250

col 15x15

Column

1600.2

dl+1.25eqy

1161.288

0.422

0.477

No Messages

250

col 15x15

Column

3200.4

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

3931.976

0.422

0.422

No Messages

251

col 15x15

Column

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqx

3702.527

0.422

0.422

No Messages

251

col 15x15

Column

1600.2

dl+1.25eqy

1161.288

0.422

0.422

No Messages

251

col 15x15

Column

3200.4

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

2489.35

0.422

0.422

No Messages

252

col 15x15

Column

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqx

4327.391

0.422

0.422

No Messages

252

col 15x15

Column

1600.2

dl+1.25eqy

1161.288

0.422

0.422

No Messages

252

col 15x15

Column

3200.4

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqx

3616.065

0.422

0.422

No Messages

253

col 15x15

Column

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqy

4863.695

0.422

0.422

No Messages

253

col 15x15

Column

1600.2

dl+1.25eqy

1161.288

0.422

0.422

No Messages

253

col 15x15

Column

3200.4

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqy

4044.807

0.422

0.422

No Messages

254

col 15x15

Column

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqy

5228.025

0.422

0.422

No Messages

254

col 15x15

Column

1600.2

dl+1.25eqy

1161.288

0.422

0.422

No Messages

254

col 15x15

Column

3200.4

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqy

4208.23

0.422

0.422

No Messages

255

col 15x15

Column

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqx

3106.309

0.422

0.422

No Messages

255

col 15x15

Column

1600.2

dl+1.25eqy

1161.288

0.422

0.422

No Messages

255

col 15x15

Column

3200.4

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

2059.798

0.422

0.422

No Messages

256

col 15x15

Column

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

3776.65

0.422

0.422

No Messages

256

col 15x15

Column

1600.2

dl+1.25eqy

1161.288

0.422

0.422

No Messages

256

col 15x15

Column

3200.4

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqx

2796.976

0.422

0.422

No Messages

257

col 15x15

Column

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

4680.153

0.422

0.422

No Messages

257

col 15x15

Column

1600.2

dl+1.25eqy

1161.288

0.422

0.422

No Messages

257

col 15x15

Column

3200.4

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

3763.383

0.422

0.422

No Messages

258

col 15x15

Column

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

5007.974

0.422

0.422

No Messages

- 21 -

TABLE: Concrete Design 1 - Column Summary Data - Indian IS 456-2000


Frame

DesignSect

DesignType

Location

PMMCombo

PMMArea

VMajRebar

VMinRebar

ErrMsg

Text

Text

Text

mm

Text

mm2

mm2/mm

mm2/mm

Text

258

col 15x15

Column

1600.2

dl+1.25eqy

1161.288

0.422

0.422

No Messages

258

col 15x15

Column

3200.4

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

3583.857

0.422

0.422

No Messages

288

col 15x15

Column

0.9dl+1.25eqx

2629.209

0.422

0.422

No Messages

288

col 15x15

Column

1600.2

dl+1.25eqy

1161.288

0.422

0.422

No Messages

288

col 15x15

Column

3200.4

0.9dl+1.25eqx

2936.468

0.422

0.422

No Messages

289

col 15x15

Column

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqy

2889.791

0.422

0.422

No Messages

289

col 15x15

Column

1600.2

dl+1.25eqy

1161.288

0.422

0.422

No Messages

289

col 15x15

Column

3200.4

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqy

3084.863

0.422

0.422

No Messages

290

col 15x15

Column

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqy

2226.189

0.422

0.422

No Messages

290

col 15x15

Column

1600.2

dl+1.25eqy

1161.288

0.422

0.422

No Messages

290

col 15x15

Column

3200.4

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqy

2421.057

0.422

0.422

No Messages

291

col 15x15

Column

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqx

2533.475

0.422

0.422

No Messages

291

col 15x15

Column

1600.2

dl+1.25eqy

1161.288

0.422

0.422

No Messages

291

col 15x15

Column

3200.4

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqx

2629.421

0.422

0.422

No Messages

292

col 15x15

Column

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqx

3363.989

0.422

0.422

No Messages

292

col 15x15

Column

1600.2

dl+1.25eqy

1161.288

0.422

0.422

No Messages

292

col 15x15

Column

3200.4

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqx

3608.082

0.422

0.422

No Messages

293

col 15x15

Column

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqy

4010.45

0.422

0.422

No Messages

293

col 15x15

Column

1600.2

dl+1.25eqy

1161.288

0.422

0.422

No Messages

293

col 15x15

Column

3200.4

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqy

4103.755

0.422

0.422

No Messages

294

col 15x15

Column

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqy

3593.079

0.422

0.422

No Messages

294

col 15x15

Column

1600.2

dl+1.25eqy

1161.288

0.422

0.422

No Messages

294

col 15x15

Column

3200.4

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqy

3698.234

0.422

0.422

No Messages

295

col 15x15

Column

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqx

2599.485

0.422

0.422

No Messages

295

col 15x15

Column

1600.2

dl+1.25eqy

1161.288

0.422

0.422

No Messages

295

col 15x15

Column

3200.4

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

2531.143

0.422

0.422

No Messages

296

col 15x15

Column

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqx

3565.286

0.422

0.422

No Messages

296

col 15x15

Column

1600.2

dl+1.25eqy

1161.288

0.422

0.422

No Messages

296

col 15x15

Column

3200.4

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqx

3571.696

0.422

0.422

No Messages

297

col 15x15

Column

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

3985.524

0.422

0.422

No Messages

297

col 15x15

Column

1600.2

dl+1.25eqy

1161.288

0.422

0.422

No Messages

297

col 15x15

Column

3200.4

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

4043.422

0.422

0.422

No Messages

298

col 15x15

Column

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

4146.173

0.422

0.422

No Messages

298

col 15x15

Column

1600.2

dl+1.25eqy

1161.288

0.422

0.422

No Messages

298

col 15x15

Column

3200.4

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

4148.757

0.422

0.422

No Messages

299

col 15x15

Column

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqx

2303.28

0.422

0.422

No Messages

299

col 15x15

Column

1600.2

dl+1.25eqy

1161.288

0.422

0.422

No Messages

299

col 15x15

Column

3200.4

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

2198.373

0.422

0.422

No Messages

300

col 15x15

Column

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqx

3077.254

0.422

0.422

No Messages

300

col 15x15

Column

1600.2

dl+1.25eqy

1161.288

0.422

0.422

No Messages

300

col 15x15

Column

3200.4

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqx

3141.631

0.422

0.422

No Messages

301

col 15x15

Column

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

3268.123

0.422

0.422

No Messages

301

col 15x15

Column

1600.2

dl+1.25eqy

1161.288

0.422

0.422

No Messages

301

col 15x15

Column

3200.4

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

3393.911

0.422

0.422

No Messages

302

col 15x15

Column

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqy

2955.022

0.422

0.422

No Messages

- 22 -

TABLE: Concrete Design 1 - Column Summary Data - Indian IS 456-2000


Frame

DesignSect

DesignType

Location

PMMCombo

PMMArea

VMajRebar

VMinRebar

ErrMsg

Text

Text

Text

mm

Text

mm2

mm2/mm

mm2/mm

Text

302

col 15x15

Column

1600.2

dl+1.25eqy

1161.288

0.422

0.422

No Messages

302

col 15x15

Column

3200.4

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqy

3083.501

0.422

0.422

No Messages

331

col 15x15

Column

0.9dl-1.25eqx

1669.496

0.422

0.422

No Messages

331

col 15x15

Column

1600.2

dl+1.25eqy

1161.288

0.422

0.422

No Messages

331

col 15x15

Column

3200.4

0.9dl+1.25eqx

2058.626

0.422

0.422

No Messages

332

col 15x15

Column

0.9dl-1.25eqx

1861.885

0.422

0.422

No Messages

332

col 15x15

Column

1600.2

dl+1.25eqy

1161.288

0.422

0.422

No Messages

332

col 15x15

Column

3200.4

0.9dl-1.25eqx

2080.669

0.422

0.422

No Messages

333

col 15x15

Column

0.9dl-1.25eqy

1265.823

0.422

0.422

No Messages

333

col 15x15

Column

1600.2

dl+1.25eqy

1161.288

0.422

0.422

No Messages

333

col 15x15

Column

3200.4

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqy

1773.825

0.422

0.422

No Messages

334

col 15x15

Column

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqx

2028.078

0.422

0.422

No Messages

334

col 15x15

Column

1600.2

dl+1.25eqy

1161.288

0.422

0.422

No Messages

334

col 15x15

Column

3200.4

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqx

2409.978

0.422

0.422

No Messages

335

col 15x15

Column

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqy

2142.267

0.422

0.422

No Messages

335

col 15x15

Column

1600.2

dl+1.25eqy

1161.288

0.422

0.422

No Messages

335

col 15x15

Column

3200.4

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqx

2464.006

0.422

0.422

No Messages

336

col 15x15

Column

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqy

2494.567

0.422

0.422

No Messages

336

col 15x15

Column

1600.2

dl+1.25eqy

1161.288

0.422

0.422

No Messages

336

col 15x15

Column

3200.4

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqy

2615.162

0.422

0.422

No Messages

337

col 15x15

Column

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqy

2341.179

0.422

0.422

No Messages

337

col 15x15

Column

1600.2

dl+1.25eqy

1161.288

0.422

0.422

No Messages

337

col 15x15

Column

3200.4

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqy

2542.761

0.422

0.422

No Messages

338

col 15x15

Column

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqx

2151.593

0.422

0.422

No Messages

338

col 15x15

Column

1600.2

dl+1.25eqy

1161.288

0.422

0.422

No Messages

338

col 15x15

Column

3200.4

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

1915.577

0.422

0.422

No Messages

339

col 15x15

Column

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqx

2216.621

0.422

0.422

No Messages

339

col 15x15

Column

1600.2

dl+1.25eqy

1161.288

0.422

0.422

No Messages

339

col 15x15

Column

3200.4

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqx

2318.419

0.422

0.422

No Messages

340

col 15x15

Column

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

2500.099

0.422

0.422

No Messages

340

col 15x15

Column

1600.2

dl+1.25eqy

1161.288

0.422

0.422

No Messages

340

col 15x15

Column

3200.4

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

2641.062

0.422

0.422

No Messages

341

col 15x15

Column

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

2890.538

0.422

0.422

No Messages

341

col 15x15

Column

1600.2

dl+1.25eqy

1161.288

0.422

0.422

No Messages

341

col 15x15

Column

3200.4

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

3206.68

0.422

0.422

No Messages

342

col 15x15

Column

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqx

1738.188

0.422

0.422

No Messages

342

col 15x15

Column

1600.2

dl+1.25eqy

1161.288

0.422

0.422

No Messages

342

col 15x15

Column

3200.4

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

1800.242

0.422

0.422

No Messages

343

col 15x15

Column

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqx

2045.585

0.422

0.422

No Messages

343

col 15x15

Column

1600.2

dl+1.25eqy

1161.288

0.422

0.422

No Messages

343

col 15x15

Column

3200.4

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqx

2197.973

0.422

0.422

No Messages

344

col 15x15

Column

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

1927.775

0.422

0.422

No Messages

344

col 15x15

Column

1600.2

dl+1.25eqy

1161.288

0.422

0.422

No Messages

344

col 15x15

Column

3200.4

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

2209.764

0.422

0.422

No Messages

- 23 -

The Beam Design Details are shown in following table.


TABLE: Concrete Design 2 - Beam Summary Data - Indian IS 456-2000
Frame

DesignSect

Location

FTopCombo

FTopArea

FBotArea

VRebar

TTrnRebar

ErrMsg

Text

Text

mm

Text

mm2

mm2

mm2/mm

mm2/mm

Text

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqy

658.876

348.737

0.7

0.608

No Messages

217

beam 12x18

217

beam 12x18

457.2

dl-1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.758

0.552

No Messages

217

beam 12x18

914.4

dl-1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.693

0.487

No Messages

217

beam 12x18

914.4

dl-1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.437

0.473

No Messages

217

beam 12x18

1371.6

dl-1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.364

0.4

No Messages

217

beam 12x18

1828.8

dl+1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.338

0.321

No Messages

217

beam 12x18

1828.8

dl-1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.338

0.294

No Messages

217

beam 12x18

2286

dl+1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.338

0.294

No Messages

217

beam 12x18

2743.2

dl+1.25eqy

334.451

354.467

0.338

0.359

No Messages

217

beam 12x18

2743.2

dl+1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.694

0.483

No Messages

217

beam 12x18

3200.4

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

381.767

362.725

0.741

0.533

No Messages

217

beam 12x18

3657.6

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

697.474

495.335

0.692

0.589

No Messages

218

beam 12x18

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqy

908.082

772.044

0.888

0.674

No Messages

218

beam 12x18

381

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqy

539.974

502.788

0.96

0.652

No Messages

218

beam 12x18

762

dl-1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

1.008

0.622

No Messages

218

beam 12x18

762

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqy

466.687

451.459

0.638

0.506

No Messages

218

beam 12x18

1143

dl-1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.65

0.528

No Messages

218

beam 12x18

1524

dl+1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.625

0.57

No Messages

218

beam 12x18

1524

dl-1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.642

0.6

No Messages

218

beam 12x18

1905

dl+1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.686

0.644

No Messages

218

beam 12x18

2286

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

371.413

334.451

0.71

0.681

No Messages

218

beam 12x18

2286

dl+1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.784

0.64

No Messages

218

beam 12x18

2667

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

421.969

381.74

0.78

0.622

No Messages

218

beam 12x18

3048

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

783.006

633.168

0.692

0.642

No Messages

219

beam 12x18

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqy

781.773

405.607

0.877

0.719

No Messages

219

beam 12x18

609.6

dl-1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.956

0.664

No Messages

219

beam 12x18

1219.2

dl+1.25eqy

202.804

334.451

0.859

0.622

No Messages

219

beam 12x18

1219.2

dl-1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.424

0.394

No Messages

219

beam 12x18

1828.8

dl-1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.338

0.294

No Messages

219

beam 12x18

2438.4

dl+1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.338

0.294

No Messages

219

beam 12x18

2438.4

dl-1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.338

0.294

No Messages

219

beam 12x18

3048

0.9dl+1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.338

0.304

No Messages

219

beam 12x18

3657.6

dl+1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.426

0.432

No Messages

219

beam 12x18

3657.6

dl+1.25eqy

202.804

334.451

0.819

0.563

No Messages

219

beam 12x18

4267.2

dl+1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.915

0.61

No Messages

219

beam 12x18

4876.8

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

811.215

405.607

0.83

0.672

No Messages

220

beam 12x18

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqy

830.771

450.618

0.88

0.858

No Messages

220

beam 12x18

457.2

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqy

373.844

334.451

0.979

0.817

No Messages

220

beam 12x18

914.4

dl-1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.937

0.76

No Messages

220

beam 12x18

914.4

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqy

345.201

334.451

0.552

0.294

No Messages

220

beam 12x18

1371.6

dl-1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.48

0.309

No Messages

220

beam 12x18

1828.8

dl+1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.394

0.357

No Messages

220

beam 12x18

1828.8

dl-1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.375

0.419

No Messages

- 24 -

TABLE: Concrete Design 2 - Beam Summary Data - Indian IS 456-2000


Frame

DesignSect

Location

FTopCombo

FTopArea

FBotArea

VRebar

TTrnRebar

ErrMsg

Text

Text

mm

Text

mm2

mm2

mm2/mm

mm2/mm

Text

dl+1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.407

0.456

No Messages

220

beam 12x18

2286

220

beam 12x18

2743.2

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

402.015

414.526

0.45

0.528

No Messages

220

beam 12x18

2743.2

dl+1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.96

0.578

No Messages

220

beam 12x18

3200.4

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

410.273

432.899

0.981

0.635

No Messages

220

beam 12x18

3657.6

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

832.055

643.063

0.908

0.676

No Messages

221

beam 12x18

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqy

1110.841

860.089

1.1

0.945

No Messages

221

beam 12x18

381

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqy

620.217

585.99

1.144

0.884

No Messages

221

beam 12x18

762

dl-1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

1.179

0.815

No Messages

221

beam 12x18

762

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqy

524.355

518.319

0.774

0.773

No Messages

221

beam 12x18

1143

dl-1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.767

0.697

No Messages

221

beam 12x18

1524

dl+1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.72

0.64

No Messages

221

beam 12x18

1524

dl-1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.722

0.662

No Messages

221

beam 12x18

1905

dl+1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.806

0.745

No Messages

221

beam 12x18

2286

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

399.325

361.395

0.858

0.821

No Messages

221

beam 12x18

2286

dl+1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

1.078

0.902

No Messages

221

beam 12x18

2667

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

507.941

413.589

1.081

0.971

No Messages

221

beam 12x18

3048

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

996.742

661.978

1.018

1.032

No Messages

222

beam 12x18

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqy

858.928

446.714

0.815

0.689

No Messages

222

beam 12x18

609.6

dl-1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.911

0.627

No Messages

222

beam 12x18

1219.2

dl+1.25eqy

223.357

334.451

0.814

0.54

No Messages

222

beam 12x18

1219.2

dl-1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.447

0.438

No Messages

222

beam 12x18

1828.8

dl-1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.338

0.31

No Messages

222

beam 12x18

2438.4

dl+1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.338

0.294

No Messages

222

beam 12x18

2438.4

dl-1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.338

0.294

No Messages

222

beam 12x18

3048

dl+1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.338

0.353

No Messages

222

beam 12x18

3657.6

dl+1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.455

0.482

No Messages

222

beam 12x18

3657.6

dl+1.25eqy

223.357

334.451

0.783

0.558

No Messages

222

beam 12x18

4267.2

dl+1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.88

0.654

No Messages

222

beam 12x18

4876.8

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

893.428

446.714

0.773

0.716

No Messages

223

beam 12x18

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqy

888.621

527.152

0.847

0.842

No Messages

223

beam 12x18

457.2

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqy

392.415

334.451

0.953

0.8

No Messages

223

beam 12x18

914.4

dl-1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.918

0.744

No Messages

223

beam 12x18

914.4

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqy

380.439

334.451

0.566

0.608

No Messages

223

beam 12x18

1371.6

dl-1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.51

0.56

No Messages

223

beam 12x18

1828.8

dl+1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.426

0.506

No Messages

223

beam 12x18

1828.8

dl-1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.386

0.459

No Messages

223

beam 12x18

2286

dl+1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.458

0.411

No Messages

223

beam 12x18

2743.2

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

473.148

454.586

0.48

0.367

No Messages

223

beam 12x18

2743.2

dl+1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.903

0.705

No Messages

223

beam 12x18

3200.4

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

491.056

454.022

0.9

0.762

No Messages

223

beam 12x18

3657.6

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

981.046

697.507

0.814

0.803

No Messages

224

beam 12x18

224

beam 12x18

609.6

224

beam 12x18

224

beam 12x18

dl-1.25eqy

1506.252

1248.236

1.165

0.321

No Messages

0.9dl-1.25eqy

785.128

851.025

1.138

0.768

No Messages

1219.2

dl+1.25eqy

376.563

404.262

1.117

0.637

No Messages

1828.8

dl+1.25eqy

376.563

376.563

1.185

0.74

No Messages

- 25 -

TABLE: Concrete Design 2 - Beam Summary Data - Indian IS 456-2000


Frame

DesignSect

Location

FTopCombo

FTopArea

FBotArea

VRebar

TTrnRebar

ErrMsg

Text

Text

mm

Text

mm2

mm2

mm2/mm

mm2/mm

Text

224

beam 12x18

2438.4

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

651.906

584.988

1.241

0.889

No Messages

224

beam 12x18

3048

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

1421.824

942.629

1.237

1.038

No Messages

225

beam 12x18

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqy

1081.588

587.165

0.954

0.74

No Messages

225

beam 12x18

609.6

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqy

483.643

466.611

1.024

0.698

No Messages

225

beam 12x18

1219.2

dl-1.25eqy

334.451

359.267

0.979

0.658

No Messages

225

beam 12x18

1219.2

0.9dl-1.25eqy

397.494

432.794

0.508

0.491

No Messages

225

beam 12x18

1828.8

dl-1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.437

0.384

No Messages

225

beam 12x18

2438.4

dl+1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.338

0.344

No Messages

225

beam 12x18

2438.4

dl-1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.341

0.326

No Messages

225

beam 12x18

3048

dl+1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.451

0.448

No Messages

225

beam 12x18

3657.6

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

386.646

357.213

0.549

0.555

No Messages

225

beam 12x18

3657.6

dl+1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.895

0.614

No Messages

225

beam 12x18

4267.2

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

466.764

380.387

0.938

0.706

No Messages

225

beam 12x18

4876.8

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

1092.304

546.152

0.858

0.782

No Messages

226

beam 12x18

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqy

1155.67

743.972

1.04

1.028

No Messages

226

beam 12x18

457.2

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqy

560.148

458.635

1.12

0.973

No Messages

226

beam 12x18

914.4

dl-1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

1.139

0.907

No Messages

226

beam 12x18

914.4

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqy

460.765

416.579

0.731

0.769

No Messages

226

beam 12x18

1371.6

dl-1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.692

0.694

No Messages

226

beam 12x18

1828.8

dl+1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.617

0.609

No Messages

226

beam 12x18

1828.8

dl-1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.597

0.624

No Messages

226

beam 12x18

2286

dl+1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.664

0.656

No Messages

226

beam 12x18

2743.2

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

585.884

586.445

0.648

0.732

No Messages

226

beam 12x18

2743.2

dl+1.25eqy

334.451

354.306

1.088

0.789

No Messages

226

beam 12x18

3200.4

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

654.292

634.97

1.05

0.856

No Messages

226

beam 12x18

3657.6

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqy

1225.198

954.012

0.986

0.914

No Messages

227

beam 12x18

dl+1.3ll-1.25eqx

898.127

875.354

0.816

0.866

No Messages

227

beam 12x18

381

0.9dl-1.25eqx

467.029

505.94

0.911

0.841

No Messages

227

beam 12x18

762

dl+1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.924

0.803

No Messages

227

beam 12x18

762

0.9dl-1.25eqx

448.281

509.64

0.644

0.775

No Messages

227

beam 12x18

1143

dl-1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.7

0.766

No Messages

227

beam 12x18

1524

dl+1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.747

0.813

No Messages

227

beam 12x18

1524

dl-1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.783

0.838

No Messages

227

beam 12x18

1905

dl+1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

0.836

0.891

No Messages

227

beam 12x18

2286

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqx

507.477

419.028

0.833

0.936

No Messages

227

beam 12x18

2286

dl+1.25eqy

334.451

334.451

1.176

0.483

No Messages

227

beam 12x18

2667

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqx

524.444

416.684

1.184

0.499

No Messages

227

beam 12x18

3048

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqx

1053.952

726.824

1.047

0.51

No Messages

228

beam 12x18

dl-1.25eqx

863.935

613.014

0.483

0.294

No Messages

228

beam 12x18

609.6

dl-1.25eqx

497.705

465.836

0.523

0.294

No Messages

228

beam 12x18

1219.2

dl-1.25eqy

334.451

358.133

0.493

0.294

No Messages

228

beam 12x18

1828.8

0.9dl-1.25eqx

334.451

334.451

0.433

0.294

No Messages

228

beam 12x18

2438.4

dl+1.25eqy

306.507

334.451

0.405

0.294

No Messages

228

beam 12x18

3048

dl+1.25eqx

334.451

340.807

0.478

0.294

No Messages

228

beam 12x18

3657.6

dl+1.3ll+1.25eqx

435.644

458.31

0.518

0.296

No Messages

- 26 -

Slab Design:
The design of slab is also illustrated as follows.
Slab Design
Slab Design
Slab Length
Slab width

4878
4878

Provided depth
Cover
Effective depth

125
20
105

Fy
Ly/Lx

500
1

Short Negative
Short Posetive
Long Neg
Long Pos

Load Calculation
material
Marble
Screed
Slab
Plaster
Partition
Live load
Total
Design L
Conc_str

alpha
BM=alpha*W*lx^2
0.037
12.33745937
0.028
9.336455743
0.037
12.33745937
0.028
9.336455743
Effective Depth of slab
Provided effective depth

Area of Steel at short span

Thickness
0.016
0.025
0.125
0.012

Density
26.7
22
25
20

Load kn/m^2
0.4272
0.55
3.125
0.24
1
4
9.3422
14.0133

25
Ast/m
286
628
286
213
60
105

mm
mm

1042.759
0.02000

-100

28361.98

4698.16
301.84

Req Reinforcement for ShortSagging moment


Ast
provided Percentage
Moment
12.33746
301.8414021 628.3185 0.598399
0.002875
Basic L/d
23
Prov L/d Slab 140)
46.45714
Thickness mod Factor
2.019876
Fs
139.3147 Mod fact
2.081618
provide 10mm dia @ 6"c/c
Ast =
628.3185
10
125
78.53981634
The code requires the minimum area of the steel is
12%
150 mm
<
628.32 mm
Req Reinforcement for longSagging moment
Ast
provided Percentage
Moment
9.336456
213.0569726 502.6548 0.478719
0.002029
Basic L/d
23
Prov L/d Slab 140)
46.45714
Thickness mod Factor
2.019876
Fs
122.9204 Mod fact
2.359251
provide 10mm dia @ 6"c/c
Ast =
502.6548
8
100
50.26548246
Curtail alternate bars at 1/10th oof effective span in each direction . Provide 50 % of max positive steel at to near
supports to resist bending moment due to partial fixity.
Check for shea force at short edges.
Max shear orce intensity in either direction can be taken as 1/2 * w *Lx
Max shear force =
34.17844 kN/m
Nominal shear stress v =
0.326 N/mm2
As for short span
50.265
251.327 mm2

- 27 -

provided

Percent tension steel


0.24
Shear strength of M 25 concrete for 0.24 % steel
c=
Shear strength in slabs =
k* =
Summary
thickness
cover
Steel short
Steel long

0.458

%
0.353
N/mm2

N/mm2
> v

OK

125 mm
15 mm
10 mm @ 5 inch c/c
8 mm @ 4 inch c/c

5.4. Column Design


SN

Column
ID

Column Size

Column
Position

Design Rebar
Value
mm2

Applied Reinforcement

Applied Rebar
Value
mm2

C3

15"x15"

B1

3673

12 no 20 dia

3769.91

C2

15"x15"

C1

4466

4 nos 25 dia +8 no 20 dia

4476.77

C2

15"x15"

D1

4554

4 nos 25 dia +8 no 20 dia

4476.77

C3

15"x15"

A2

3386

12 no 20 dia

3769.91

C2

15"x15"

B2

4308

4 nos 25 dia +8 no 20 dia

4476.77

C1

15"x15"

C2

5072

8 nos 25 dia +4 no 20 dia

5183.63

C1

15"x15"

D2

5264

8 nos 25 dia +4 no 20 dia

5183.63

C3

15"x15"

A3

3703

12 no 20 dia

3769.91

C2

15"x15"

B3

4327

4 nos 25 dia +8 no 20 dia

4476.77

10

C1

15"x15"

C3

4864

8 nos 25 dia +4 no 20 dia

5183.63

11

C1

15"x15"

D3

5228

8 nos 25 dia +4 no 20 dia

5183.63

C3

15"x15"

A4

3106

12 no 20 dia

3769.91

C3

15"x15"

B4

3777

12 no 20 dia

3769.91

10

C2

15"x15"

C4

4680

4 nos 25 dia +8 no 20 dia

4476.77

11

C1

15"x15"

D4

5008

8 nos 25 dia +4 no 20 dia

5183.63

Remarks

- 28 -

5.5. Foundation:

Base Reaction for Footing Design at Ground Floor


The design of isolated foundations is done by manual calculation on the spread sheet.
The isolated footing is designed as per book Analysis and Design of Substructure by Swami Saran
taking following data as per spreadsheet.
Checking for two way punching shear for critical perimeter at d/2 away from the face of column is
done and finally, the requirement for shear reinforcement is checked .

- 29 -

5.6. Design of foundation


Frame-C2 of SAP model
Comb-1
Proportioning of Foundation
Column Load(v)=
Moment (Mx)=
Moment (My)=
Eccentrticity of load (e)=
Wt. of Foundation is 10% of column load=
Total load (V) =
Allowable Bearing capacity of soil is=

997.00
1.500
188.000
0.190
98.700
1085.7
150.00

Kn
Kn.m
Kn.m
Kn
Kn
2
Kn/m

V
6e
1
q
a
A
L

L
1085.700
7.238

L
1240.8
8.272

-7.238

C
150.00
1
-8.272

L=
2.92
The Size of foundation is 2.92x2.92 m adopted for design. This may be shown that this size is also adequate form shear failure and settlement considera
Column Size
L=
0.380
B=
0.380
Length of Footing =
2.92 m
along the longer length of column i.e alonyg X-Dir
along the shorter length of column i.e alonyg YBredth of Footing =
2.92 m
Direction
Depth of Footing
for d=
450
Punching Shear Stress =
0.990963855
Factor Bearing Pressure=

173.637
0.174
0.15
25
500

Kn/m
2
N/mm
%
2
N/mm
2
N/mm

196.526

Kn.m >

105.190

Kn.m

105.190

Kn.m

Assume percent of Reinforcement p=


Grade of Concrete fck=
Grade of Steel,fy =
for 0.2% steel with M25 concrete from Table 19 of IS 456 gives
2
Design shear strength of concrete,c =
0.325 N/mm
From the condition that the one-way shear resistance one-way shear force,we have at a distance d from the face of the column
c *bd P
P=
987.000
d=
1.040

1.040 m
Column /Pedestal
3
Unit weight of Soil
19 Kn/m
3
Unit weight of Concrete
25 Kn/m
Foot length (L,dim||Xaxis )=
2.92 m
Foot Breadth (B,dim|| Y axis)=
2.92 m
Thickness of footing (t)=
1.10 m
Clear cover to Reinforcement =
75.00 mm
Main bar dia.of footing =
20.00 mm
Effective depth of footing =
1015.0 mm
Selfweight of footing=
234.476 Kn
Weight of Soil above Footing
64.801
for 1.5 m Depth
Total Weight (V)
1286.277
2
Area of Footing (A)=
8.526 m
3
Sect. Modulus of Foot about X axis(Zx)=
4.150 m
3
Sect. Modulus of Foot about Y axis(Zy)=
4.150 m
Gross Bearing capacity
M
V
x
P '1 , 2

A
Z
x

199.5

Kn/m2

Safe

196.526
Kn.m
Now for Depth calculation

- 30 -

From the condition that the one-way shear resistance one-way shear force,we have at a distance d from the face of the column
c *bd P
1.224
2.9
0.28(2.13*1000)d
1286.277
d=
1.355

1.4 m
Assume a thickness D=
1400.0 mm, upto
distance
of =2400-75-10,d=
1315 mm
d=
1320 mm
Column Size
L=
0.380
B=
0.380
Maximum bending moment
2
Max. Bearing pressure at distance X-X
156.801 Kn/m
2
39.725 Kn/m
Mxx = 214.14*2.6*1.95*1.95/2+1/2*23.471*2.6*1.95*(2/3)*1.95
??? (Lx431.605 Kn.m
cx)/2
431604513.733 N.mm
2
Max. Bearing pressure at distance Y-Y
156.801 Kn/m
2
39.725 Kn/m
Myy= 182.622*3.5*1.45*1.45*1/2+1/2*54.989*3.5*1.45*(2/3)*1.45
728.528 Kn.m

xx

0.133f

bd2
ck

d=
d=

728528296.012
360.29
370

D=

550

mm

2.920
2.920
0.55
75.0
20.0
470.0
117.238
153.902
1258.140
8.526
4.150
4.150

m
m
m
mm
mm
mm
Kn

Hence this Depth is now corrected to 550 mm


Now,
Foot length (L,dim||Xaxis )=
Foot Breadth (B,dim|| Y axis)=
Thickness of footing (t)=
Clear cover to Reinforcement =
Main bar dia.of footing =
Effective depth of footing =
Selfweight of footing=
Weight of Soil above Footing
Total Weight (V)
Area of Footing (A)=
Sect. Modulus of Foot about X axis(Zx)=
Sect. Modulus of Foot about Y axis(Zy)=
Gross Bearing capacity
M
V
x
P '1 , 2

A
Z
x

N.mm
mm
mm
Depth is
Ok

0.47

m
3
m
3
m

y
y

193.226

Kn/m

101.890

Kn/m

101.890

Kn/m

2345.066

mm
2
mm

2680.83

mm

4379.544
2680.8
1927.2

mm
2
mm
2
mm

199.5
Kn/m2

Safe

193.226
2
Kn/m
M

f A

y st
0.87 f A d
xx
y st
f b'
ck

Ast

Provide 16 @75 mm center to center


f A
16
y st
M

yy

0.87 f A d
y st
f b' 75
ck

Ast
Provide 16 @75 mm center to center
Provide

3
2

along breadth

- 31 -

Top bar of
2

Provide 16 @75 mm center to center

2680.8 mm
pt
0.1953
Providing a uniform thicness of 530 mm for the footing slab is rather uneconomical,such a high thickness is reqired essentially
near the face of the column(due to shear consideration);the effective depth requirement falls of the column (due to shear considerations);
the effective depth requirement falls off with increasing distance from the critical section for one-way shear;theoritically,only a minimum thickness
(150 mm,specified by the code) need be provided at the edge of footing.
However,the slope provided at the top of the footing should preferably not exceed about 1:5,as a steeper slope will require the use of additional form
(to prevent the concrete from sliding down)
As the thicness of the footing near the column base is governed by shear (one-way shear)and the effective area aviable at critical section is
is truncated rectancle,the effective depth required is slightly larger han that for a flat footing.
As the thicness of Slab is D= 550 mm, d=470 mm , providing a slope of 1:5 over the remaining distance of over the remaining distance of
along
breadth
800.0 mm
along
length
800.0 mm
Check for one Way shear :
Critical section of is at distance d from edge of column
2
Shear force at Distance of critical sec.from edge of footing =
168.2 Kn/m
Shear force Vu1=Pemax 2.92
800.0
392.92 Kn
Percentage of Tension Reinforcement
0.195
2
For M25 Concrete,c =
0.322 N/mm
Vuc
441.552
Ok
Vu1 < Vuc
Safe
Critical section of one way shear is at distance 'd' from edge of column
2
Shear force at Distance of critical sec.from edge of footing =
168.203 Kn/m
Shear force Vu1=Pemax 2.92
800.0
392.921 Kn
Shear Stress
Percentage of Tension Reinforcement
0.195
2
For M25 Concrete,c =
0.332 N/mm
(from table 19 IS 456-2000)
Vuc
455.055
Ok
Vu1 < Vuc
Safe
Critical section of two way shear is at distance 'd/2' from edge of column
(Cl. 31.6.3 IS 456Allowable shear stress
allowable =
Ksc
Ks = 0.5c
2000)
c =
1.0
c = the ratio of short side to long side of Column
Ks=
1.0 >1 so

0 . 25

ck

c=
allowable =
Vuc

Shear Stress at d/2 distance from edge of column=


Vu2 =

1.25
1.25
1997.50
160.852
1025.141
Vuc> Vu2

Transfer of Force at Column Base


Compressive Force, (P)

987.00

Loaded area at the column


base
Supporting area for bearing of footing which one is at slope at rate of

A
2

But as per clause 34.4 0f IS 456

Spread along the length of upto effective depth


Spread along the bredth of upto effective depth
Supporting area for bearing A1

N/mm
2
N/mm
Kn
2
Kn/m
Kn
Ok
Safe

144400.00

mm

2:01
2260.00
2260.00

mm
mm

5107600.00
5.95
2.0

mm

br , max

0 .45 f ck

A1
A2

- 32 -

Permissible bearing stress on full area of concrete=


22.50
compressive stress in concrete at base of Column,qu
Check for development length
Column bar diameter,=
Bond
stress bd
For Fully stressed bars in compression (m25,Fe415),

Ld

13.36

Ok
Safe

25
1.75

N/mm

(Clause 26.2.1.1 IS
456)

0.87 f y
41.6 bd

980.00

mm

Development Length available along the length (from the face of Column)

L lw
end distance
2

B bw
end distance
2

1434.81
1384.81

Ok
Safe
Ok
Safe

- 33 -

5.7.

References

Jain, A.K- R.C.C Limit State Design, Nem Chand & Bros, Roorkee, 1990
Shah & Kale- R.C.C Design, Macmillan India Limited
Ashok k. Jain- Advanced Structural Analysis, Nem Chand & Bros, Roorkee, 1990
S.S. Bhavikati-Structural Analysis- II, Vikas Publishing House Pvt. Ltd.
V.N. Vazirani- Analysis of Structures-II, Khanna Publishers
S. Ramamrutham-Theory of Structures, Dhanpat Rai Publishing Company
Swami Saran, Analysis and Design of Substructure

- 34 -