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320D-329D Visconic Demand Fan Layout

Troubleshooting Guidelines
***All testing needs to be completed while the machine is warm.
Ensure configuration settings are correct
Ensure ECM is receiving inputs from engine coolant temperature sensor,
hydraulic oil temperature sensor, and ambient air temperature sensor.
Test for wiring continuity between the wiring harness on the visconic fan
with the machine ECM (five wires).
Ensure Pin 5 is receiving a constant 5 Volts.
Verify fan speed can be manually overridden through the service menu.
Complete viscous fan testing for coil function and speed sensor.
Unplug fan assembly and ensure fan speed defaults to high speed
Measure actual fan speed with a phototach; compare results with desired
fan speed from and actual fan speed as reported by the Machine ECM.
Verify correct belt and pulley number as per SISweb.
Measure actual fan pulley speed with a phototach with respect to engine
RPM; compare results with included information.
Reference the following pages for more information on the above topics.

Configuration Settings
From the factory the 320D-329D machines installed with the viscous clutch for
LACD are only and should ONLY be configured to High Ambient.

Visconic Demand Fan Operation

Fan Speed is controlled by the


ECM using the following inputs:
- Engine coolant temperature
- Hydraulic oil temperature
- Ambient air temperature

Viscous Fan Wiring Diagram

All signals can be traced back to the machine ECM.


Pin 5 requires a constant 5 volts that is shared between the clutch assembly and the
temperature sensor. This is a direct output from the machine ECM.

NOTE: This is a general wiring diagram for the viscous fan clutch. Reference the machine specific
electrical schematic for appropriate wiring colors and labels.

Override Fan Speed


Fan speed can be manually controlled
through the override section in the
service menu using either the Fan Motor
Speed or the Fan Motor Current
Percentage.
If the fan speed can be manually
controlled correctly, there may be a
problem with one of the inputs of the
ECM.

An example of the override parameters is


included in the following page.

Data View Showing Override Controls

NOTE: The first 150 seconds are controlled by changing the Fan Motor Current
Percentage parameter. The last 150 seconds are controlled by changing the Fan
Motor Speed parameter.

Parameter Notes
Although the Fan Motor Current
Percentage or Coolant Fan Solenoid
Current Percentage can be adjusted in the
override menu, the parameter has no value
during normal operation. The value will
default to zero and should be ignored.

The visconic fan clutch assembly cannot be


calibrated. If a calibration is attempted with this
unit installed, an error message similar to the one
on the left will appear.

Viscous Fan Testing


The following instructions represent only a partial testing for the viscous fan
drive and do not guarantee a correctly working clutch assembly. This is
because the ECM controls the clutch via a pulse width generated signal.
Therefore, a test bench is needed to ensure all parameters of the clutch
assembly work correctly.
If any of the following tests fail, the fan drive needs to be replaced.

Verification of the Coil Function


5

Measure the resistance across the coil low pin (3)


and the coil high pin (4). The resistance should
measure 30 ohms (+/- 10%).

R = 30 (+/-10%)

3
2
1

R=
5

Measure the resistance across the coil low pin (3)


and all other pins as well as the coil housing. The
resistance should be infinite.

3
2
1

Verification of the Coil Function (cont)


R=
5

Measure the resistance across the coil high pin


(4) and all other pins as well as the coil housing.
The resistance should be infinite.

3
2
1

Verification of the Speed Sensor


5

Measure the resistance across the fan speed


output pin (1) and the fan speed ground pin
(2). The resistance The resistance should
measure 15 kohms (+/- 10%).

R = 15 k (1+-10%)

4
3
2

Ityp = 6 mA 12 mA

Measure the current draw between the fan


speed supply pin (5) and the fan speed ground
pin (2). This will require a DC voltage supply
of 5 volts. The current should measure
between 6 mAmps and 12 mAmps.

5
4

U=5 V
3
2
1