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Pipe Cap
Pipe caps act as protective device and are designed to protect pipe ends of various shapes. The main
purpose of using pipe caps is to waterproof the connections. They are also used to close the the ends of
hydraulic or pneumatic pipes and tubes. They are used in the plumbing apparatus of domestic, commercial
and industrial water supply lines, machinery and processing equipment etc. They are also fitted on water
pump lines with the sole purpose of removing air blocks. Pipe caps are highly demanded as an important
category of pipe fittings.
Ordering Information:
Material
Type
Outer diameter
Thread size
Length and head type in shapes
Common Shapes of pipe caps:
Pipe caps are available in various shapes. Having an intense knowledge about the shape of pipe cap would
be beneficial for the buyer. Some of the common shapes of pipe caps are:
Round
Square

22-04-2016 21:54

Cap - Piping Study

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http://www.pipingstudy.com/cap.html

Rectangular
U Shape Cap
I Shape Cap
Hex Cap etc.
Features of pipe caps:
There are several important specifications that the buyer should consider before making bulk purchase of
pipe caps. The important specifications that needs to be considered are:
NPT (National Pipe Thread ) size: This feature is applicable for round shaped caps, wherein the object that
has to be protected has a male NPT thread.
BSP (British Standard Pipe) size: This size option is applicable only for round shaped caps, wherein the
object to be capped has a male BSP thread.
Diameter: Diameter is an important dimension that is applicable only for round caps and plugs. In case of
fittings having straight threads, the most important feature to be considered is the major thread diameter.
However, this dimension is not an important consideration when cap, plug or object to be capped has a
tapered (NPT or BSP) thread.
Shape: The dimension and shape of pipe caps are also very important points to consider. Pipe caps of
different shapes have different features. Some features are:
A.Round Caps: Popular features of round caps are: flange, slotted head, knurled or faceted head, retaining
head, and tear tab. A flange is meant for easy removal or additional protection of pipe or tube surfaces.
Flanges also help to prevent accidental pushing away of the plug through the opening. Slotted caps can be
easily installed or removed with the help of a screwdriver. Knurled or faceted heads are usually designed for
threaded caps and plugs only. Knurls or facets offer hassle free installation and removal. Pipe caps provided
with a tear-tab or strip are easy to remove.
B.Square or Rectangular Cap: For square or rectangular caps, length and width are the most important
dimensions to consider. For rectangular caps, the width is the smaller cross sectional dimension, whereas for
square caps, the length and breadth are the same dimension.
Types of pipe caps:
Pipe caps come in many different types and the type vary according to the application. However pipe caps
also vary depending on their construction features and it is very important for the buyer to know the right
type of pipe cap. Based on construction, pipe caps are of the following types:
Threaded Caps:
These caps are female threaded. The thread can be either straight or tapered, also referred as NPT.
Generally, caps have a female thread and plugs have a male thread.
Tapered Caps:
These caps have tapered sides, which offers a close fit. Some of these fittings can be used either as a cap or
a plug. Tapered caps and plugs are multi-functional and go well with male and female NPT threads, straight
tubes and bars; and male straight threads. These fittings have a tapered body to provide a secure and firm
friction fit while facilitating easy removal. The tapered caps are designed to provide protection for all internal
and external, threaded and non-threaded fittings against damage, dirt or moisture that can occur.
Anti-roll Caps:
These caps are round in shape with a slightly square end. This prevents pipes and tubes from rolling.

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22-04-2016 21:54