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SPECIAL PROGRAMS OF LEARNING ARABIC (PKPBA)

UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang

A. Background
Driven by the desire to realize “the intellect professional
ulama” and “the ulama professional intellect'", The State
Islamic University (UIN) Malang, since 1997, make serious
efforts to combine the mastery of modern science with the
religious sciences. University that was not yet one year old
and his physical building is still being arranged, according to
his leaders enforced on the principle of non-sectarianism. No
distinction between ethnic, religious school and educational
background.

UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang considered that the


development of Arabic at this university is very strategic and
urgent because many people who are concerned with the real
condition of the Islamic universities in Indonesia, specially
PTAIN, including the Minister and the former Minister of
Religious Affairs. In addition, the Arabic language is the key to
opening the source or roots of Islamic science Islamic sciences.
Quran, the books of Tafseer, Hadith, Fiqh, etc. all speak in
Arabic. It is impossible that the people can master in these
areas properly and accurately without mastering the Arabic
language very well.

Arabic language skills that have been believed as a


requirement for every student who study the Islamic studies in
the collage have not proved entirely satisfactory. Most
prospective students of UIN / IAIN / STAIN generally come from
the Islamic Senior High School graduates, who have low
proficiency in Arabic. If there is a good, it is very small and
usually derived from Islamic Senior High School graduate who
was held in the Islamic boarding school or a graduate of the
Special Program of Islamic Senior High School (MAPK) or MAK
at a model school or a superior school.

Low level of proficiency in Arabic and indeed other foreign


languages (English) also experienced by students and alumnus
of UIN / IAIN / STAIN. This can be seen when held selection for
further study (S2), which Arabic and English became the main
test subject in this selection process was a lot of them who
have difficulty in following the exam in that languages.

UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang considers that the Arabic


language ability is a necessary condition that must be able by
every student who would study of Islamic studies, hadith, fiqh,
theology, sufism, kalam and the other Islamic sciences. This is
based on empirical fact that the sciences are written and
described in Arabic.

Rationally, it is highly impossible that anyone can master in the


discipline Islamic sciences as above, without having an intact
ability in Arabic. Thus, for Islamic studies institutions such as
UIN, IAIN or STAIN mastering Arabic is a requirement for
students to explore critically Islamic sciences developed
seriously.

Within this framework, the idea of establishment the Special


Program of Learning Arabic (PKPBA) in the State Islamic
University (UIN) Malang to be supported, preserved and
developed.

B. Goal
The Special Programs of Learning Arabic (PKPBA) UIN Maulana
Malik Ibrahim Malang aims to develop students' ability in
Arabic which was subsequently used as a tool for Islamic
studies. Through intensive language learning, creative,
exciting and bright, students are expected to conduct the
study of Arabic literature independently, so the expectation
that students are able to develop further scholarship can be
realized.

To achieve these objectives UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang


has made strategic steps, including equipping student
proficiency in Arabic, orally and in writing through the Special
Program of Learning Arabic (PKPBA) held for one year for new
students from all majors since 1997.

C. Operational Forms
To develop the Arabic language in this UIN Maulana Malik
Ibrahim Malang, there should be a model formulation of
intensive Arabic language development, creative, exciting and
bright. As for other forms of operation are as follows:

• The Special Programs of Learning Arabic was conducted


for one year (12 months) intensively.
• Time execution was set for 5 hours / day, from Monday
to Friday.
• The material chosen for the lectures in Arabic written by
native speakers of Arabic.
• This program directly intensively fostered by the
development team consisting of Arabic language experts
in the field of Arabic. The instructors are required to also
communicate intensively with the use of Arabic language
and create an environment that is always in Arabic.
• To provide the appropriate teaching methods to students
ability, we need to hold placement test in Arabic to
grouping their ability.
• Number of participants of each group between 20-30
people.

A. Working Mechanism
The Special Programs of Learning Arabic (PKPBA) of UIN
Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang is an institution given the
responsibility to handle Arabic language classes are managed
by a special program. This institution has a working
mechanism that is integrated by dividing work tasks (job
description) that in accordance the existing units with a
professional working mechanism and remain mutually
supportive of one another.

In realization of the Special Programs of Learning Arabic of UIN


Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang, the leader of UIN, especially
the executive of PKPBA with all the existing staff of each unit,
the team teaching, the guardian class, and the Arabic lecturer
is subyek and objects in the implementation of the
development of the language. Only institutional structural
aspects which differentiate them.

B. Organizational Structure
To develop and administrative discipline the Special Programs
of Learning Arabic, then prepared the following organizational
structure:
a. Chairman and Secretary
b. Academic Section
c. Administration and welfare
d. Research and Development (Bahs wa Al tathwir)
e. Student Communication Forum (Qism thulabiyah)
f. The Guardian Class (Aulia al Fushul)

A. Implementation of Arabic Language Learning

a) Weights SKS
The Arabic language curricular materials have 12 credits
weighs, that is 6 credits in the first semester, and 6
credits in the second semester, (essentially the 30
credits, per semester), starting Monday - Friday with a
duration of 5 hours (three times in a day):

First Hours : 14:00 to 15:30 pm


Second Hours : 15:30 to 17:00 pm
Third Hours : 18:30 to 20:00 pm

N The Matter First Second


o Semester Semester
1. Listening Skill (Maharat al- : 1 SKS 1 SKS
Istima’)
2. Reading Skill (Maharat al- : 2 SKS 2 SKS
Qira’ah)
3. Writing Skill (Maharat al- : 1 SKS 2 SKS
Kitabah)
4. Speaking Skill (Maharat al- : 2 SKS 1 SKS
Kalam)

Beside regular program, we offer special program


for outsider those are:

No Program Durati Number of Cost of Note


on participant/ study/stu
class dent

1 Arabic for 3 20 person 100 $ Incident


beginner month ally

2 Intermedia 3 20 person 100$ Incident


te class month ally
program

3 Advance 3 20 person 100$ Incident


class month ally
program

b) General Purpose
a. To equip the students with the skill of communicate
orally and in Arabic writing.
b. To provide thr students with the reading skill,
understand and translate Arabic books for Islamic
studies.

a) Approach
The approach used is all in one system (al wihdah
nazhariyah), that is an approach which saw language as
a unified whole and complement each other.

b) Method
The method used is the method eklektif (intiqaiyah),
that’s namely by choosing or combining matching
methods while learning in a particular matter, with the
characteristics are:
1. Giving priority to the ability of active expression.
2. Avoiding the use of lingua franca.
3. Using a direct method in the teaching of words and
sentences.
The lessons of grammar (nahwu and sharf) are taught
with and functional methods (al Nahwu / al Sharf al
Wazhifiy)

a) Learning Model
The learning model is fun, exciting, and bright.

b) Materials and Target Implementation


The main material that is taught in PKPBA is skills of
language (maharah lughawiyah) taken from the book al
Arabiyah Baina Yadaik, hifdzu Juz 'Amma, and al mawad
al idhafiyah (text, dictation', handwriting, grammar, daily
writing)
The target,
a) At the first stage: Students are able to listen, able
to read and write Arabic, able to speak in Arabic to
communicate in everyday situations and memorize
Juz 'Amma until the sura of ad dhuha.
b) In the Second stage: The student is able to read
and comprehend simple text, talked about the
tradition and culture (orally and in written) are built
up, and memorize Juz 'Amma until the sura of al
a'la.
c) The Third Stage: Students are able to understand
simple scientific text, and express them orally and
in writing, express a particular theme (orally and in
written) and memorize Juz 'Amma until the sura of
al insyiqaq.
d) In the fourth stage: The student is able to read,
understand, translate scientific text and books, and
express both orally and in writing, free writing, and
memorizing all of Juz 'Amma.

a) Student Day and Practise Language (Al Yaum al


Arabiy and Tadrib al Lughah)

In Saturdays used for Student Day (al yaum al arabi) that


is a demonstration language through art, discussion,
speech, quiz programe, and the others quiz.

To implement the Practice Language (tadrib al lughoh)


held on the third hour to merge with 3 classes in one
group with officers from each classes.

The materials and techniques of implementation Student


Day (al yaum al arabi) and Practice Language (tadrib al
lughoh) regulated and determined by the builder of FKM
(student communication forum) in PKPBA program
participants.

b) Program Participants

The participants of The Special Programs of Learning


Arabic (PKPBA) is all new students (first and second
semester) in UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang and old
students who have not covered that grouping into
several classes with the provisions of each class to
accommodate 30-35 students are disciplined based on
placement test or exam results of entrance examinations
in Arabic which aims to facilitate the implementation
process of learning and teaching Arabic. Each class led
by a team of teachers (team teaching), which consists of
at least 5 people and is headed by a coordinator and
assisted by the guardian class.

c) Evaluation System
Evaluation of teaching and learning Arabic at the PKPBA
was held in the form of written and oral tests. Form of
tests undertaken include:
1. Placement Test
2. Test Step (4 times, every 2 ½ months)
3. Integrated Test (standard Arabic language skills,
twice)
4. Memorizing Jus 'Amma (Stage I: until the sura of ad
dhuha, Stage II: until the sura of al a’la, Stage III:
until the sura of al Insyiqaq, Stage IV: up to the
sura of an naba')

a) Values
Final score drawn from the results of the test phase,
considering the 4 aspects: the depth of spiritual, moral
excellence, breadth of knowledge, professional maturity
(spiritual, cognitive, affective, and psiomotorik).

A. Lecturer
The total of PKPBA lectureres in the academic year 2009-2010
is 82 people. They have a varied educational background that
supports the development of the Arabic accompanied with high
spirit. Formally, they are alumni of several universities abroad
and in countries such as:
• University of Al Azhar, Cairo
• Malik Saud University, Saudi Arabia
• Syria
• Morocco
• Malaysia
• India
• Pakistan and others, with the academic qualifications of
doctors, masters and bachelor's degrees
• UIN / IAIN / STAIN
• UMM
• UNISMA
• ISID Gontor
• Al Imam Saudi Arabia University / LIPIA, Jakarta
• University Khortum, Sudan

A. The Supporting Tools of Learning Arabic


1. The Parabola (al qamar al shina'iy / shan al istiqbal)
2. The Arabic Cassette Video
3. The Arabic Laboratory (al ma'mal al lughawi)
4. The Computer Arabia (al hasub al arabiy)
5. The Tape Recorder
6. The Media of Islamic Studies
7. The Open Class
8. The Meeting Room and The Library

A. Value and Certificate (Syahadah)


The Final score was taken from the all test steps results and
integrated test, the tasks, liveliness / discipline, ethics and
religious activities of all students in each class and or Ma'had.

The certainty of Arabic Values are:

A (satisfactory) : 85 to 100
B (Good) : 70 to 84
C (Fair) : 55 to 69
D (Poor) : 40 to 54
E (Very Poor) : 0 to 39
For students who have graduated in The Special Programs of
Learning Arabic in one year (two semesters) are given a
certificate of graduation in a way register themselves to the
secretariatof PKPBA based on specified stipulations.