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RAVINDRA COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING FOR WOMEN

Nandikotkur Road, Kurnool 518 004

SETSign of the Invigilator

MID II OBJECTIVE PAPER


II B.Tech, I SEM
Branch: ECE

Year & Semester:


Name of the Subject:

DATE: -11-2014
TIME: 20 MIN

PROBABILITY THEORY & STOCHASTIC PROCESS

Max. Marks: 10M

Regd.N
o.

1For a Poisson Random Process with b=t, the probability of exactly K occurrences over the time interval
(0,t), P[X(t)=K] where K=0,1,2, is
[
]

t e t
( a) K !

e t
(b) K !

( c)

t k e t
( t ) k e t
K ! (d)
K!

2. Two Random Process X(t) and Y(t) are called uncorrelated if


(a) CXY(t1,t2)=0(b) CXY(t1,t2)>0

(c)CXY(t1,t2)<0

3. The auto correlation function of a stationary R.P X(t) is


(a) 4,25

(b)

25,4

(c)

(d) CXY(t1,t2)=1

25

1 6 2 . The mean and variance is [

21,2

(d) 5,4

4. which of the following is correct


1
RXX ( ) [ RXX (0) RYY (0)]
2
(a)

1
RXX ( ) [ RXX (0) RYY (0)]
2
(b)

1
RXX ( ) [ RXX (0) RYY (0)]
2
(c)

1
RXX ( ) [ RXX (0) RYY (0)]
2
(d)

5.A Random Process is defined as X(t)=A.cos(wt+ ), where w & are constants and A is a R.V.
Then X(t) is stationary if
[
]
(a) E[A] = 2

(b) E[A] = 0

(c) A is Gaussian with non zero mean

(d) A is Rayleigh with non zero mean

6. A stationary R.P. x(t) is periodic with period 2T. Its ACF is

(a) Anon periodic (b) Periodic with period T (c) Periodic with period 2T (d) periodic with period T/2
7. For an ergodic process,
(a) Mean is necessarily zero

(b) Mean square value is infinity

(c) Mean square value is independent of time

(d) All time averages are zero

8.Rxy() = ________
(a) Ryx()

(b) Ryx(-)

(c) Rxx()

(d) Ryy()

9.Time average of Auto Correlation function and the power spectral density from a
(a) Fourier series pair

(b) Fourier transform pair (c) Both

(d) None

RAVINDRA COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING FOR WOMEN


Nandikotkur Road, Kurnool 518 004

SETSign of the Invigilator

MID II OBJECTIVE PAPER


II B.Tech, I SEM
Branch: ECE

Year & Semester:


Name of the Subject:

DATE: -11-2014
TIME: 20 MIN

PROBABILITY THEORY & STOCHASTIC PROCESS

Max. Marks: 10M

Regd.N
o.

1For a Poisson Random Process with b=t, the probability of exactly K occurrences over the time interval
(0,t), P[X(t)=K] where K=0,1,2, is
[
]

t e t
( a) K !

e t
(b) K !

( c)

t k e t
( t ) k e t
K ! (d)
K!

2. Two Random Process X(t) and Y(t) are called uncorrelated if


(a) CXY(t1,t2)=0(b) CXY(t1,t2)>0

(c)CXY(t1,t2)<0

3. The auto correlation function of a stationary R.P X(t) is


(a) 4,25

(b)

25,4

(c)

(d) CXY(t1,t2)=1

25

1 6 2 . The mean and variance is [

21,2

(d) 5,4

4. which of the following is correct


1
RXX ( ) [ RXX (0) RYY (0)]
2
(a)

1
RXX ( ) [ RXX (0) RYY (0)]
2
(b)

1
RXX ( ) [ RXX (0) RYY (0)]
2
(c)

1
RXX ( ) [ RXX (0) RYY (0)]
2
(d)

5.A Random Process is defined as X(t)=A.cos(wt+ ), where w & are constants and A is a R.V.
Then X(t) is stationary if
[
]
(a) E[A] = 2

(b) E[A] = 0

(c) A is Gaussian with non zero mean

(d) A is Rayleigh with non zero mean

6. A stationary R.P. x(t) is periodic with period 2T. Its ACF is

(a) Anon periodic (b) Periodic with period T (c) Periodic with period 2T (d) periodic with period T/2
7. For an ergodic process,

(a) Mean is necessarily zero

(b) Mean square value is infinity

(c) Mean square value is independent of time

(d) All time averages are zero

8.Rxy() = ________
(a) Ryx()

(b) Ryx(-)

(c) Rxx()

(d) Ryy()

9.Time average of Auto Correlation function and the power spectral density from a
(a) Fourier series pair
10.

(b) Fourier transform pair (c) Both

(a) C(t1,t2)=R(t1,t2)

(b)

C t1 , t 2 R2 t1 , t 2 (t )

C t 1 , t 2 R t 1 , t 2 (t )
(d)

11.The PSD of a R.P whose auto correlation function is a.e


a
a 2

(a)

is

2ab
2
2
(c) b( a )

2ab
2
(b) a

C t1 , t 2 R2 t1 , t 2 (t )

2ab
2
(d) ( a )
2

12. The covariance of two independent R.V. is


(a) Zero

(b) One

(c) Two

(d) None

4
2
13. The A.C.F of a R.P whose P.S.D 1 / 4 is
(a) e

(b) 2e

(d) None

The auto covariance C(t1,t2) of a process X(t) is (assume that E(X(t)]=(t))

(c)

(c) 3e

(d) 4e

14. The P.S.D of XT(t)=X(t) for T<t<T; XT(t)=0 elsewhere is SXX() =


[
]
1
(a) 2

X T ( )
2T

(b)

X T ( )

E{ X T ( ) }
lim
2T
(c) T

2T

E{ X T ( ) }
1
lim
2T
(d) 2 T

15.The average power of the R.P having P.S.D SXX() is PXX=

(a)

XX

1
(b) 2

( )d

XX

[
2

( ) d
(c)

XX

( )d
(d) 0

16 All strict sense stationary R.P. are W.S.S.

[T / F ]

17.______ averages are computed by considering all the sample functions.

(a) Time

(b) Ensemble

(c) Both

(d) None

18. A random process is a R.V. that is a function of ________


(a) time

(b) temperature

(c) both

(b) WSS

(c) both

(d) none

19 .If all the statistical properties of x(t) are not affected by time shift is referred as ___
(a) SSS

(d) none

20. A R.P X(t) is said to be mean ergodic or ergodic in mean sense, if its statistiacal average is ______ to its
time average.
[
]
(a) equal

10.

(b) Not equal

(c) both

(d) none

The auto covariance C(t1,t2) of a process X(t) is (assume that E(X(t)]=(t))

(a) C(t1,t2)=R(t1,t2)

(b)

C t1 , t 2 R2 t1 , t 2 (t )

(c)

C t 1 , t 2 R t 1 , t 2 (t )

(d)

a
2
a 2

(a)

is

2ab
2
2
(c) b( a )

2ab
2
2
(b) a

C t1 , t 2 R2 t1 , t 2 (t )

11.The PSD of a R.P whose auto correlation function is a.e

2ab
2
(d) ( a )
2

12. The covariance of two independent R.V. is


(a) Zero

(b) One

(c) Two

(d) None

4
2
13. The A.C.F of a R.P whose P.S.D 1 / 4 is
(a) e

(b) 2e

(c) 3e

(d) 4e

14. The P.S.D of XT(t)=X(t) for T<t<T; XT(t)=0 elsewhere is SXX() =


[
]
1
(a) 2

X T ( )
2T

(b)

X T ( )
2T

E{ X T ( ) }
lim
2T
(c) T

E{ X T ( ) }
1
lim
2T
(d) 2 T

15.The average power of the R.P having P.S.D SXX() is PXX=

(a)

1
(b) 2

S XX ( )d

[
2

S XX ( ) d

(c)

XX

( )d
(d) 0

16 All strict sense stationary R.P. are W.S.S.

[T / F ]

17.______ averages are computed by considering all the sample functions.

(a) Time

(b) Ensemble

(c) Both

(d) None

18. A random process is a R.V. that is a function of ________


(a) time

(b) temperature

(c) both

(d) none

19 .If all the statistical properties of x(t) are not affected by time shift is referred as ___

(a) SSS

(b) WSS

(c) both

(d) none

20. A R.P X(t) is said to be mean ergodic or ergodic in mean sense, if its statistiacal average is ______ to its
time average.
[
]
(a) equal

(b) Not equal

(c) both

(d) none

RAVINDRA COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING FOR WOMEN

SET-

Nandikotkur Road, Kurnool 518 004

Sign of the Invigilator

MID II OBJECTIVE PAPER


II B.Tech, I SEM
Branch: ECE

Year & Semester:


Name of the Subject:

DATE: -11-2014
TIME: 20 MIN

PROBABILITY THEORY & STOCHASTIC PROCESS

Max. Marks: 10M

Regd.N
o.

1. Two WSS processes x(t) & y(t) are jointly WSS if


(a) E[X(t)Y(t)]=E[X(t)]E[Y(t)]

(b) cov[X(t)Y(t)]= var[X(t)]var[Y(t)]

(c) Rxy(T)=--Rxy(t,t+T)

(d) E[X(t)]=const& E[Y(t)]=const

2. RXX(-) =________
(a) RXX()

(b) 0

3. The mean square value for the poison process X(t)


(a) t

(b) (t)2

(c) t + (t)2

(c) -RXX()
with parameter t is

(b) 0

(b) voltage

(d) t - (t)2

(c) -RXX()

(d) E[X2(t)]

5. Mean square value is called ______ in the process


(a) power

(d)

4. RXX(0) =________
(a) RXX()

(c) current

(d) none

6. If E[X(t)] = X 0 and X(t) is ergodic with no periodic components then

lim RXX ( ) ___

(a) X

2
(b) X

(c) 0

(d)

7. If RXY(t,t+ ) = 0 then X(t) and Y(t) are called _______ process


(a) Orthogonal

(b) Uncorrelated

8. The auto correlation function of X(t), RXX() is

(c) Both

(d) None

(a) E[ X (t )]

(b)

X (t )dt
(c)

(t )dt

(d) E[ X (t ) X (t )]

9. which of the following is correct?

(a)

RXX ( ) RXX (0); RXX ( ) RXX ( )

(b)

RXX ( ) RXX (0); RXX ( ) RXX ( )

(c)

RXX ( ) RXX (0); RXX ( ) RXX ( )

(d)

RXX ( ) RXX (0); RXX ( ) RXX ( )

RAVINDRA COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING FOR WOMEN

SET-

Nandikotkur Road, Kurnool 518 004

Sign of the Invigilator

MID II OBJECTIVE PAPER


II B.Tech, I SEM
Branch: ECE

Year & Semester:


Name of the Subject:

DATE: -11-2014
TIME: 20 MIN

PROBABILITY THEORY & STOCHASTIC PROCESS

Max. Marks: 10M

Regd.N
o.

1. Two WSS processes x(t) & y(t) are jointly WSS if


(a) E[X(t)Y(t)]=E[X(t)]E[Y(t)]

(b) cov[X(t)Y(t)]= var[X(t)]var[Y(t)]

(c) Rxy(T)=--Rxy(t,t+T)

(d) E[X(t)]=const& E[Y(t)]=const

2. RXX(-) =________
(a) RXX()

(b) 0

3. The mean square value for the poison process X(t)


(a) t

(b) (t)2

(c) t + (t)2

(c) -RXX()
with parameter t is

(b) 0

(b) voltage

(d) t - (t)2

(c) -RXX()

(d) E[X2(t)]

5. Mean square value is called ______ in the process


(a) power

(d)

4. RXX(0) =________
(a) RXX()

(c) current

(d) none

6. If E[X(t)] = X 0 and X(t) is ergodic with no periodic components then

lim RXX ( ) ___

(a) X

2
(b) X

(c) 0

(d)

7. If RXY(t,t+ ) = 0 then X(t) and Y(t) are called _______ process


(a) Orthogonal

(b) Uncorrelated

(c) Both

(d) None

8. The auto correlation function of X(t), RXX() is

(a) E[ X (t )]

X (t )dt

(b)

(c)

(t )dt

(d) E[ X (t ) X (t )]

9. which of the following is correct?


(a)

RXX ( ) RXX (0); RXX ( ) RXX ( )

(b)

RXX ( ) RXX (0); RXX ( ) RXX ( )

(c)

RXX ( ) RXX (0); RXX ( ) RXX ( )

(d)

RXX ( ) RXX (0); RXX ( ) RXX ( )

10. If C XX() and CXY() are auto and covariance functions respectively then
2

(a)

C XX ( ) RXX ( ) X ; CXY ( ) RXY ( ) X

(c)

C XX ( ) RXX ( ) X ; C XY ( ) RXY ( ) X Y

(b)
(d)

C XX ( ) RXX ( ) X ; C XY ( ) RXY ( ) Y

11. Rxx()= __________

1
S XX ( )e j d

S xx ()exp { j }d

(a)

C XX ( ) RXX ( ) X ; C XY ( ) RXY ( ) X Y

(b)

1
S XX ( )e j d
2

S xx ( ) exp { j }d

(c)

1
S XX ( )e j d

(d) None

12. cross-power density spectrum is denoted by ______

14. Average power PXX in a random process X(t) is given by the time average of its ___ moment [

(a)

S XX ( )

(b)

SYY ( )

(c)

S XY ( )

(d) none

13. F.T [1] __________


(a)

(a) First

(b) . )

(b) second

(c) 2.. )

(c) Third

(d) 3. )

(d) Fourth

15. Sxx( ) is_____


(a) Real

(b) Imaginary

(c) Both

16. Formula for power density spectrum Pxx is given by Pxx=

(d) None

1/2 Sxx (w) dw

(a)

1
S XX ( )d
2

(b)

1/2 Sxx (w) dw

1
S XX ( )d

1/ 2 Rxx (w)dw

(c)

XX

( )e

d
(d).

XX

( )e j d

17. The power density spectrum and time average of auto correlation function
form a fourier transform pair

18. Let X(t) and Y(t) are Two R.P with Respective auto correlation functions
Then
(a)

[
(b)

RXX (0) RYY (0)

(c)

RXX (0) RYY (0)

(d)

RXX (0) RYY (0)

19. Sxy( )=0 if x(t) and y(t) are


]
(a) Orthogonal

(b) parallel

(c) vertical

(d) none

20. Rxx() Sxx(w) this is called _______ relation


(a) Parsevals

(b) Density function

(c) Wiener khintchine

C ( ) RXX ( ) X ; CXY ( ) RXY ( ) X


(a) XX

[
2

11. Rxx()= __________

S xx ()exp { j }d

1
S XX ( )e j d

C ( ) RXX ( ) X ; C XY ( ) RXY ( ) X Y
(b) XX

C ( ) RXX ( ) X ; C XY ( ) RXY ( ) X Y (d) C XX ( ) RXX ( ) X ; C XY ( ) RXY ( ) Y


(c) XX

(a)

(d) none

10. If C XX() and CXY() are auto and covariance functions respectively then

F ]

RXX() and RYY(),

R YY

RXX (0) RYY (0)

(b)

1
S XX ( )e j d
2

S xx ( ) exp { j }d

(c)

1
S XX ( )e j d

(d) None

12. cross-power density spectrum is denoted by ______


(a)

S XX ( )

13. F.T [1] __________

(b)

SYY ( )

(c)

S XY ( )

(d) none

(a)

(b) . )

(c) 2.. )

(d) 3. )

14. Average power PXX in a random process X(t) is given by the time average of its ___ moment [
(a) First

(b) second

(c) Third

(d) Fourth

15. Sxx( ) is_____


(a) Real

(b) Imaginary

(c) Both

1/2 Sxx (w) dw

(a)

(d) None

16. Formula for power density spectrum Pxx is given by Pxx=

1
S XX ( )d
2

(b)

1/2 Sxx (w) dw

1
S XX ( )d

(c)

1/ 2 Rxx (w)dw

S XX ( )e j d
(d).

XX

( )e j d

17. The power density spectrum and time average of auto correlation function
form a fourier transform pair

18. Let X(t) and Y(t) are Two R.P with Respective auto correlation functions
Then
(a)

[
(b)

RXX (0) RYY (0)

(c)

RXX (0) RYY (0)

(d)

RXX (0) RYY (0)

19. Sxy( )=0 if x(t) and y(t) are


]
(a) Orthogonal

(b) parallel

[
(c) vertical

(d) none

20. Rxx() Sxx(w) this is called _______ relation


(a) Parsevals

(b) Density function

[
(c) Wiener khintchine

Nandikotkur Road, Kurnool 518 004

Name of the Subject:

(d) none

RAVINDRA COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING FOR WOMEN

Year & Semester:

F ]

RXX() and RYY(),

R YY

RXX (0) RYY (0)

SETSign of the Invigilator

MID II OBJECTIVE PAPER


II B.Tech, I SEM
ECE

DATE: -11-2014
TIME: 20 MIN

PROBABILITY THEORY & STOCHASTIC PROCESS


Regd.N
o.

Max. Marks: 10M

1. Time average of a quality x(t) is defined as A(x(t))=


T

1
2T
(b)

x(t )dt

(a)

x(t )dt

1
lim
T 2T

(c)

x(t )dt

lim

(d)

(a) mean is necessarily zero

(b) mean square value is infinity

(c) All time averages are zero

(d) mean square value is independent of time

5. The cross power PXY is


(b)

PYX

(c)

PYX*

(d)

2
S XX ( )d

(a)

S
2

(b)

S XX ( ) d

( )d

XX

S XX ( ) d

( )d
(c)

(b) Continuous

2 2 S XX ( )d

(d)

(c) Both

(b) Continuous

(c) Both

(b) X Y

XX

( )d

XX

( ) d
[

(d) None

(d) None

9. If X(t) , Y(t) are independent and WSS, then RXX() =_____


(a) X Y

8. Gaussian Random Process is used for____ Random Process


(a) Discrete

7. Poisson Random Process is used for____ Random Process


(a) Discrete

PYX

6. The rms band width in terms of PSD is

XX

(d) E[X2(t)]= 0

4. For an ergodic process

[
(b) E[X(t)X(t+T)]= RXX(T)

(c) E[X(t)]= constant and E[X(t)X(t+)]= R XX()

(c) strictly stationary (d) independent

(a) E[X(t)]= constant

PYX*

x(t )dt

3. Let X(t) be a R.P which is wide sense stationary, then

(a)

2. If a process is stationary to all orders n=1,2,.N, then X i=X(ti), where i=1,2,.N is called
(a) Strict sense stationary (b) wide sense stationary

(c) X .Y

(d) 0

RAVINDRA COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING FOR WOMEN


Nandikotkur Road, Kurnool 518 004

Year & Semester:


Name of the Subject:

MID II OBJECTIVE PAPER


II B.Tech, I SEM
ECE

SETSign of the Invigilator


DATE: -11-2014
TIME: 20 MIN

PROBABILITY THEORY & STOCHASTIC PROCESS

Max. Marks: 10M

Regd.N
o.

1. Time average of a quality x(t) is defined as A(x(t))=


T

(a)

1
2T
(b)

x(t )dt

1
T 2T

x(t )dt

lim

(c)

lim

(d)

(a) mean is necessarily zero

(b) mean square value is infinity

(c) All time averages are zero

(d) mean square value is independent of time

5. The cross power PXY is


(b)

PYX

PYX*

(c)

(d)

(a)

XX

( )d

XX

( ) d

S XX ( )d

(b)

2
S XX ( )d

2
(c)

XX

( ) d

(b) Continuous

2
S XX ( )d

(d)

(c) Both

(b) Continuous

(c) Both

(b) X Y

(c) X .Y

1
[ RXX (0) RYY (0)]
RXX (0) RYY (0)
________ 2

XX

( )d

XX

( ) d

(d) 0

10. The auto correlation function of a WSS R.P X(t) is R XX()= 4 2e


(a) 6
(b) 0
(c) 4
(d) 2

11.

(d) None

9. If X(t) , Y(t) are independent and WSS, then RXX() =_____


(a) X Y

(d) None

8. Gaussian Random Process is used for____ Random Process


(a) Discrete

7. Poisson Random Process is used for____ Random Process


(a) Discrete

PYX

6. The rms band width in terms of PSD is

(d) E[X2(t)]= 0

4. For an ergodic process

[
(b) E[X(t)X(t+T)]= RXX(T)

(c) E[X(t)]= constant and E[X(t)X(t+)]= R XX()

(c) strictly stationary (d) independent

(a) E[X(t)]= constant

PYX*

x(t )dt

3. Let X(t) be a R.P which is wide sense stationary, then

(a)

x(t )dt

2. If a process is stationary to all orders n=1,2,.N, then X i=X(ti), where i=1,2,.N is called
(a) Strict sense stationary (b) wide sense stationary

. Average power PXX(0) is


[
]

(a)

(b)

(c) >

(d) <

12. Sxx( )= _______


]

1
RXX ( )e j d

(a)

R xx ( ) exp { jw }d

( )e j d

(b)

XX

R xx ( ) exp { jw }d

(c)

RXX ( )e j d

R xx ( ) =exp { jw }d

(d) None

13. For a Periodic signal ___is used for the study of its Spectral behaviour
(a) Fourier series

(b) Fourier Transform (c) Z-Transform

(b) Fourier Transform

(c) Z-Transform

(b) non-negative

(c) finite

(d) None

15. The power spectrum density of WSS is always


(a) negative

(d) None

14. For a non Periodic signal ___is used for the study of its Spectral behaviour
(a) Fourier series

(d) can be negative or positive

16. The average power of the periodic R.P. whose A.C.F. is RXX()=exp
(a) 0

(b) 1

2 2

(c)

is

(d)

17. The real and imaginary parts of SYX() is an ___________ and _______ function of respectively
(a) odd,odd

(b) odd,even

(c) even,odd

(d) even,even

18.If X(t) and Y(t) are uncorrelated and of constant means, E[X] and E[Y] respectively, then S XY() is

(a) E[X].E[Y]

(b) 2E[X].E[Y] ()

(c) 2E[X].E[Y] ()

E[ X ]E[Y ] ( )
2
(d)

19. The cross power spectrum density of two R.P X(t) and Y(t), S XY() is

E[ X T* ( )YT ( )
lim
2T
(a) T

E[ X T* ( )YT ( )
2T
(b)

E[ X T* ( )YT ( )
lim
2
(c) T

E[ X T* ( )YT ( )
2
(d)

20. If Z(t)=X(t)+Y(t), where X(t) and Y(t) are two WSS processes and
mean, then SZZ()=

X(t) and Y(t)

(a) SXX()-SYY()

(d) SXY()+SYX()

(b) SXY()-SYX()

(c) SXX()+SYY()

are uncorrelated with zero


[
]

10. The auto correlation function of a WSS R.P X(t) is R XX()= 4 2e


(a) 6
(b) 0
(c) 4
(d) 2

RXX (0) RYY (0)

11.
(a)

. Average power PXX(0) is


[
]

1
[ RXX (0) RYY (0)]
________ 2
(b)

(c) >

(d) <

12. Sxx( )= _______


]

1
RXX ( )e j d

(a)

R xx ( ) exp { jw }d

( )e j d

(b)

XX

R xx ( ) exp { jw }d

(c)

RXX ( )e j d

R xx ( ) =exp { jw }d

(d) None

13. For a Periodic signal ___is used for the study of its Spectral behaviour
(a) Fourier series

(b) Fourier Transform (c) Z-Transform

(b) Fourier Transform

(c) Z-Transform

(b) non-negative

(c) finite

(d) None

15. The power spectrum density of WSS is always


(a) negative

(d) None

14. For a non Periodic signal ___is used for the study of its Spectral behaviour
(a) Fourier series

(d) can be negative or positive

2 2
is
16. The average power of the periodic R.P. whose A.C.F. is RXX()=exp
(a) 0

(b) 1

(c)

(d)

17. The real and imaginary parts of SYX() is an ___________ and _______ function of respectively
(a) odd,odd

(b) odd,even

(c) even,odd

(d) even,even

18.If X(t) and Y(t) are uncorrelated and of constant means, E[X] and E[Y] respectively, then S XY() is

(a) E[X].E[Y]

(b) 2E[X].E[Y] ()

(c) 2E[X].E[Y] ()

E[ X ]E[Y ] ( )
2
(d)

19. The cross power spectrum density of two R.P X(t) and Y(t), S XY() is

E[ X T* ( )YT ( )
lim
2T
(a) T

E[ X T* ( )YT ( )
2T
(b)

E[ X T* ( )YT ( )
lim
2
(c) T

20. If Z(t)=X(t)+Y(t), where X(t) and Y(t) are two WSS processes and
mean, then SZZ()=

X(t) and Y(t)

E[ X T* ( )YT ( )
2
(d)
are uncorrelated with zero
[
]

(a) SXX()-SYY()

(b) SXY()-SYX()

(c) SXX()+SYY()

(d) SXY()+SYX()

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Sign of the Invigilator

MID II OBJECTIVE PAPER


II B.Tech, I SEM
ECE

Year & Semester:


Name of the Subject:

DATE: -11-2014
TIME: 20 MIN

PROBABILITY THEORY & STOCHASTIC PROCESS

Max. Marks: 10M

Regd.N
o.
1. A R.P is defined as X(t)=Acos(t+), where and
Then, X(t) is stationary if

are constants and A is a R.V.


[

(a) E[A]=2

(b) E[A]=0

(c) A is Gaussian with non-zero mean

(d) A is Rayleigh with non-zero mean

2. A stationary continuous process X(t) with auto correlation function


and only if for all

1
2T
(a)

X (t ) X (t )dt R

1
lim
T 2T
(b)

( )

X (t ) X (t )dt R

(c)

XX

XX

RXX ( )

is called auto correlation ergodic if


[
]

X (t ) X (t )dt R

( )
(d)

X (t )dt 0
[

f ( x1 , x2 ; t1 , t2 )dx1
(b)

x ,x
1

f ( x1 , x2 ; t1 , t2 )dx2

(c)

( )

3. X(t1)=X1 and X(t2)=X2. The correlation between X1 and X2 is R(t1,t2)=

(a)

XX

f ( x1 , x2 ; t1 , t2 ) dt1dt2

x ,x
1

(d)

f ( x1 , x2 ; t1 , t2 )dx1dx2

4. A stationary R.P X(t) will have its _____ properties not affected by a shift in time.
(a). mathematical

(b) normal

(c) statistical

5. The auto covariance cov X(t1,t2) of a R.P X(t) is


(a) RXX(t1,t2)-E[X(t1)]

(b) RXX(t1,t2)+E[X(t2)]

( c ) RXX(t1,t2)-E[X(t1)] E[X(t2)]

(d) none
[

(d) RXX(t1,t2)+E[X(t1)] +E[X(t1)]

6. The relationship between the Auto correlation function and the power spectral density is called as__ ____Relation

7. If

S XX ( )

16
2
,
S
(

,
2 16 YY
2 16 and X(t) and Y(t) are of zero mean, U(t)=X(t)+Y(t)., SXU() is [

2
2
(a) 16

(b) 16

4
(c) 16

16
(d) 16

8. For a WSS process, PSD at zero frequency gives

(a) the area under the graph of a PSD

(b) area under the graph of the auto correlation of the process

(c) mean of the process

(d) variance of the process

RAVINDRA COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING FOR WOMEN

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MID II OBJECTIVE PAPER


II B.Tech, I SEM
ECE

Year & Semester:


Name of the Subject:

Sign of the Invigilator


DATE: -11-2014
TIME: 20 MIN

PROBABILITY THEORY & STOCHASTIC PROCESS

Max. Marks: 10M

Regd.N
o.

1. A R.P is defined as X(t)=Acos(t+), where and


Then, X(t) is stationary if

are constants and A is a R.V.


[

(a) E[A]=2

(b) E[A]=0

(c) A is Gaussian with non-zero mean

(d) A is Rayleigh with non-zero mean

RXX ( )

2. A stationary continuous process X(t) with auto correlation function


and only if for all

1
2T
(a)

lim

(c)

1
T 2T
(b)

X (t ) X (t )dt RXX ( )

X (t ) X (t )dt R

XX

is called auto correlation ergodic if


[
]

X (t ) X (t )dt R

( )
(d)

X (t )dt 0

f ( x1 , x2 ; t1 , t2 )dx1
(b)

x ,x
1

f ( x1 , x2 ; t1 , t2 )dx2

(c)

( )

3. X(t1)=X1 and X(t2)=X2. The correlation between X1 and X2 is R(t1,t2)=

(a)

XX

f ( x1 , x2 ; t1 , t2 ) dt1dt2

x ,x
1

(d)

f ( x1 , x2 ; t1 , t2 )dx1dx2

4. A stationary R.P X(t) will have its _____ properties not affected by a shift in time.
(a). mathematical

(b) normal

(c) statistical

5. The auto covariance cov X(t1,t2) of a R.P X(t) is


(a) RXX(t1,t2)-E[X(t1)]

(b) RXX(t1,t2)+E[X(t2)]

( c ) RXX(t1,t2)-E[X(t1)] E[X(t2)]

(d) none
[

(d) RXX(t1,t2)+E[X(t1)] +E[X(t1)]

6. The relationship between the Auto correlation function and the power spectral density is called as__ ____Relation

7. If

S XX ( )

16
2
,
S
(

,
2 16 YY
2 16 and X(t) and Y(t) are of zero mean, U(t)=X(t)+Y(t)., SXU() is [

2
2
(a) 16

(b) 16

4
(c) 16

16
(d) 16

8. For a WSS process, PSD at zero frequency gives

(a) the area under the graph of a PSD

(b) area under the graph of the auto correlation of the process

(c) mean of the process

(d) variance of the process

9. mean square value of a WSS process equals

(a) the area under the graph of a PSD

(b) area under the graph of the auto correlation of the process

(c) zero

(d) mean of the process

10. AWSS process, X(t), has an ACF

6
2
(a) 9

RXX ( ) e

9
2
(b) 6

. Then PSD is

3
2
(c) 9

(b) SXY()=1

(a)

S XY ( )d

2
(b)

(c) SXY()>1

13. The ACF of a WSS process is RXX()= Ke

1
2
(a) 1 ( / K )

1
2
(c)

S XY ( )d

2
2
(b) 1 ( / K )

(d) SXY()<1

1
2
(d)

SYX ( )d

(c) 1 ( / K )

(d) RXX(T)- RYY(T)

15. Spectral description of a random process is given by _______

(a) voltage density spectrum

(b) power density spectrum

(c) both

(d) none

16. For an LTI system its impulse response transfer function form a pair of
(b) Fourier Transform

(c) Z-Transform

(d) Convolution

17. Auto-Correlation of ensemble average is represented by _____

( )d

1 ( / K )2
2
(d)

(a) RXY(T)+ RYX(T)

(a) Laplace Transform

XY

X(t) and Y(t)

(c) RXY(T)-RYX(T)

. Then its PSD is SXX()=

14. If Z(t)=X(t)+Y(t), where X(t) and Y(t) are two WSS processes and
mean, then RZZ(T)=
(b) RXX(T)+ RYY(T)

9
2
(d) 3

12. The Cross power PXY is given by

11. If X(t) and Y(t) are orthogonal, then


(a) SXY()=0

are uncorrelated with zero


[
]

(a)

RXX ( )

(b)

RXY ( )

(c)

XX

( )

(d)

( )

XY

18. Cross-Correlation of Time Average is represented by ______


(a)

RXX ( )

(b)

RXY ( )

(c)

XX

( )

(d)

RXX (t , t )

(b)

C XY (t , t )

20. The cross power spectrum density


(a) SXY()

(c)

C XX (t , t )

(d)

RXY (t , t )

SYX() =

(b) SXY(-)

( )

XY

19. Auto-Covariance is represented by ______


(a)

(c) SYX(-)

(d) -SYX()

9. mean square value of a WSS process equals


(a) the area under the graph of a PSD

(b) area under the graph of the auto correlation of the process

(c) zero

(d) mean of the process

10. AWSS process, X(t), has an ACF

6
2
(a) 9

RXX ( ) e

9
2
(b) 6

. Then PSD is

3
2
(c) 9

(b) SXY()=1

(c) SXY()>1

(a)

S XY ( )d

2
(b)

13. The ACF of a WSS process is RXX()= Ke

1
2
(a) 1 ( / K )

1
2
(c)

S XY ( )d

2
2
(b) 1 ( / K )

1
2
(d)

SYX ( )d

(c) 1 ( / K )

(d) RXX(T)- RYY(T)

15. Spectral description of a random process is given by _______

(a) voltage density spectrum

(b) power density spectrum

(c) both

(d) none

16. For an LTI system its impulse response transfer function form a pair of
(b) Fourier Transform

(c) Z-Transform

(d) Convolution

17. Auto-Correlation of ensemble average is represented by _____

( )d

1 ( / K )2
2
(d)

(a) RXY(T)+ RYX(T)

(a) Laplace Transform

XY

X(t) and Y(t)

(c) RXY(T)-RYX(T)

. Then its PSD is SXX()=

14. If Z(t)=X(t)+Y(t), where X(t) and Y(t) are two WSS processes and
mean, then RZZ(T)=
(b) RXX(T)+ RYY(T)

[
(d) SXY()<1

12. The Cross power PXY is given by

9
2
(d) 3

11. If X(t) and Y(t) are orthogonal, then


(a) SXY()=0

are uncorrelated with zero


[
]

(a)

RXX ( )

(b)

RXY ( )

(c)

XX

( )

(d)

XY

( )

18. Cross-Correlation of Time Average is represented by ______


(a)

RXX ( )

(b)

RXY ( )

(c)

XX

( )

(d)

XY

RXX (t , t )

(b)

C XY (t , t )

20. The cross power spectrum density


(a) SXY()

(c)

C XX (t , t )

(d)

RXY (t , t )

SYX() =

(b) SXY(-)

( )

19. Auto-Covariance is represented by ______


(a)

[
(c) SYX(-)

(d) -SYX()

RAVINDRA COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING FOR WOMEN


Nandikotkur Road, Kurnool 518 004

Year & Semester:

SETSign of the Invigilator

MID II SUBJECTIVE PAPER


II B.Tech, I SEM
ECE

Name of the Subject:

DATE: -11-2014
TIME: 90 MIN

ANTENNAS AND WAVE PROPAGATION

Max. Marks: 30M

Regd.N
o.

1.Answer the following :

PART A
(Compulsory Questions)
5 2=10 Marks)

Marks
(a) Define antenna beam efficiency and stray factor?

2M

(b)what is retarded current and retarded time?

2M

(c) Define loop antenna ? What are different shapes of loop antenna?

2M

(d )Define pitch angle? What happens when = 0 and =90?

2M

(e)what do you mean by microstrip antenna?

2M
PART B

Note: Answer: TWO Questions ; Either 2nd or 3rd Question &


Either 4 th or 5th Question

(2 10=20 Marks)
2. (a) What is Lorentz gauge condition? Explain .
(b) compare the loop antenna with short dipole?

6M
4M

( OR)
3.(a)Explain the concept ofarray with parasistic elements and give its
Radiation patterns?

6M

(b)Show the radiation resistance of a halfwave dipole is 73 ohms.

4M

4.(a)Explain about rectangular patch antenna briefly with a neat diagrams?


(b)Write a short note on helical antenna?

6M
4M

( OR)
5.(a)Describe briefly about contacting feed methods in microstrip antenna?

6M

(a)What are the limitations of microstrip patch antenna?

4M

RAVINDRA COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING FOR WOMEN


Nandikotkur Road, Kurnool 518 004

Year & Semester:


Name of the Subject:

SETSign of the Invigilator

MID II SUBJECTIVE PAPER


II B.Tech, I SEM
ECE

DATE: -11-2014
TIME: 90 MIN

PROBABILITY THEORY & STOCHASTIC PROCESS


Regd.N
o.

1.Answer the following :

PART A
(Compulsory Questions)
5 2=10 Marks)

Marks
(a) Define antenna beam efficiency and stray factor?

2M

(b)what is retarded current and retarded time?

2M

(c) Define loop antenna ? What are different shapes of loop antenna?

2M

(d )Define pitch angle? What happens when = 0 and =90?

2M

(e)what do you mean by microstrip antenna?

2M
PART B

Note: Answer: TWO Questions ; Either 2nd or 3rd Question &


Either 4 th or 5th Question

(2 10=20 Marks)
2. (a) What is Lorentz gauge condition? Explain .
(b) compare the loop antenna with short dipole?
( OR)

6M
4M

Max. Marks: 30M

3.(a)Explain the concept ofarray with parasistic elements and give its

6M

Radiation patterns?
(b)Show the radiation resistance of a halfwave dipole is 73 ohms.

4M

4.(a)Explain about rectangular patch antenna briefly with a neat diagrams?


(b)Write a short note on helical antenna?

6M
4M

( OR)
5.(a)Describe briefly about contacting feed methods in microstrip antenna?

6M

(a)What are the limitations of microstrip patch antenna?

4M

RAVINDRA COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING FOR WOMEN


Nandikotkur Road, Kurnool 518 004

Year & Semester:


Name of the Subject:

SETSign of the Invigilator

MID II SUBJECTIVE PAPER


II B.Tech, I SEM
ECE

DATE: -11-2014
TIME: 90 MIN

PROBABILITY THEORY & STOCHASTIC PROCESS


Regd.N
o.

1.Answer the following :

PART A
(Compulsory Questions)
5 2=10 Marks)

Marks
(a) Compare electric scalar and magnetic vector potentials?

2M

(b)define antenna efficiency and FBR?

2M

(c) Why folded dipole antenna is used in yagi-uda antenna?

2M

(d )what are the different types of horn antennas?

2M

(e)List some of the applications of microstrip patch antenna?

2M

PART B
Note: Answer: TWO Questions ; Either 2nd or 3rd Question &
Either 4 th or 5th Question

(2 10=20 Marks)
2. (a) Derive the expression for effective length of Half Wave Dipole ?

6M

(b) Derive an expression for the impedance of the folded dipole?

4M

Max. Marks: 30M

( OR)
3.(a)List out the types of horn antenna and explain what optimum horn is?

6M

(b)Show that the directivity of short dipole is 1.5?

4M

4.(a)Explain an impact of different paramenters on characteristics of patch ?

6M

(b)What is the principle of equality of path length ? how it is applicable to

4M

horn Antenna?
( OR)
5.(a)Describe briefly about non- contacting feed methods in microstrip antenna?
(a)What are the advantages of microstrip patch antenna?

6M
4M

RAVINDRA COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING FOR WOMEN


Nandikotkur Road, Kurnool 518 004

Year & Semester:


Name of the Subject:

SETSign of the Invigilator

MID II SUBJECTIVE PAPER


II B.Tech, I SEM
ECE

DATE: -11-2014
TIME: 90 MIN

PROBABILITY THEORY & STOCHASTIC PROCESS


Regd.N
o.

1.Answer the following :

PART A
(Compulsory Questions)
5 2=10 Marks)

Marks
(a) Compare electric scalar and magnetic vector potentials?

2M

(b)define antenna efficiency and FBR?

2M

(c) Why folded dipole antenna is used in yagi-uda antenna?

2M

(d )what are the different types of horn antennas?

2M

(e)List some of the applications of microstrip patch antenna?

2M

PART B
Note: Answer: TWO Questions ; Either 2nd or 3rd Question &
Either 4 th or 5th Question

(2 10=20 Marks)

Max. Marks: 30M

2. (a) Derive the expression for effective length of Half Wave Dipole ?

6M

(b) Derive an expression for the impedance of the folded dipole?

4M

( OR)
3.(a)List out the types of horn antenna and explain what optimum horn is?

6M

(b)Show that the directivity of short dipole is 1.5?

4M

4.(a)Explain an impact of different paramenters on characteristics of patch ?

6M

(b)What is the principle of equality of path length ? how it is applicable to

4M

horn Antenna?
( OR)
5.(a)Describe briefly about non- contacting feed methods in microstrip antenna?
(a)What are the advantages of microstrip patch antenna?

6M
4M

RAVINDRA COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING FOR WOMEN


Nandikotkur Road, Kurnool 518 004

Year & Semester:


Name of the Subject:

SETSign of the Invigilator

MID II SUBJECTIVE PAPER


II B.Tech, I SEM
ECE

DATE: -11-2014
TIME: 90 MIN

PROBABILITY THEORY & STOCHASTIC PROCESS


Regd.N
o.

1.Answer the following :

PART A
(Compulsory Questions)
5 2=10 Marks)

Marks
(a) What are the different types of radiation patterns?

2M

(b)define Induction field (or near field ) and radiation field?

2M

(c)list out applications and advantages of helical antenna?

2M

(d )what are the applications of loop antenna?

2M

(e)List some of the advantages of microstrip patch antenna?

2M

PART B
Note: Answer: TWO Questions ; Either 2nd or 3rd Question &

Max. Marks: 30M

Either 4 th or 5th Question

(2 10=20 Marks)
2. (a) Define the term input impedance of an antenna and prove the equality

6M

Of impedance in receiving and transmitting modes


(b) Derive the expression for radiation resistance of a small loop antenna?

4M

( OR)
3.(a)Explain about the monofilar axial mode of operation with following design

6M

Considerations?

(b)explain about the monopole antenna design?

4M

4.(a)Explain about various characteristic of patch antenna ?

6M

(b)Explain the characteristic of folded dipole antenna?

4M

( OR)
5.(a)what are different feed methods present in microstrip antenna?

6M

(a)derive cutoff frequency for rectangular patch antenna?

4M

RAVINDRA COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING FOR WOMEN


Nandikotkur Road, Kurnool 518 004

Year & Semester:


Name of the Subject:

SETSign of the Invigilator

MID II SUBJECTIVE PAPER


II B.Tech, I SEM
ECE

DATE: -11-2014
TIME: 90 MIN

PROBABILITY THEORY & STOCHASTIC PROCESS


Regd.N
o.

1.Answer the following :

PART A
(Compulsory Questions)
5 2=10 Marks)

Marks
(a) What are the different types of radiation patterns?

2M

(b)define Induction field (or near field ) and radiation field?

2M

(c)list out applications and advantages of helical antenna?

2M

(d )what are the applications of loop antenna?

2M

(e)List some of the advantages of microstrip patch antenna?

2M

PART B

Max. Marks: 30M

Note: Answer: TWO Questions ; Either 2nd or 3rd Question &


Either 4 th or 5th Question

(2 10=20 Marks)
2. (a) Define the term input impedance of an antenna and prove the equality

6M

Of impedance in receiving and transmitting modes


(b) Derive the expression for radiation resistance of a small loop antenna?

4M

( OR)
3.(a)Explain about the monofilar axial mode of operation with following design

6M

Considerations?

(b)explain about the monopole antenna design?

4M

4.(a)Explain about various characteristic of patch antenna ?

6M

(b)Explain the characteristic of folded dipole antenna?

4M

( OR)
5.(a)what are different feed methods present in microstrip antenna?

6M

(a)derive cutoff frequency for rectangular patch antenna?

4M

RAVINDRA COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING FOR WOMEN


Nandikotkur Road, Kurnool 518 004

Year & Semester:


Name of the Subject:

SETSign of the Invigilator

MID II SUBJECTIVE PAPER


II B.Tech, I SEM
ECE

DATE: -11-2014
TIME: 90 MIN

PROBABILITY THEORY & STOCHASTIC PROCESS


Regd.N
o.

1.Answer the following :

PART A
(Compulsory Questions)
5 2=10 Marks)

Marks
(a) Define HPBW and BWBF?

2M

(b)Define antenna gain?

2M

(c) What is the Axial ratio of a helical antenna?

2M

(d )what are the applications of loop antenna?

2M

Max. Marks: 30M

(e)List some of the advantages of microstrip patch antenna?

2M

PART B
Note: Answer: TWO Questions ; Either 2nd or 3rd Question &
Either 4 th or 5th Question

(2 10=20 Marks)
2. (a) Derive expression for the magnetic field radiated by a halfwave dipole antenna?

6M

(b) Explain why the folded dipole has a greater bandwidth than the straight dipole?

4M

( OR)
3.(a)Derive expression for the electric field radiated by a small loop antenna?
(b)state and prove reciprocity theorem for antennas?

6M
4M

4.(a)Describe briefly some salient features of microstrip patch antenna?

6M

(b)Derive the expression for dipole with parasitic element?

4M

( OR)
5.(a)Explain about the contacting feed schemes applied in microstrip patch antenna?
(a)List out some limitations for microstrip patch antenna?

6M
4M

RAVINDRA COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING FOR WOMEN


Nandikotkur Road, Kurnool 518 004

Year & Semester:


Name of the Subject:

SETSign of the Invigilator

MID II SUBJECTIVE PAPER


II B.Tech, I SEM
ECE

DATE: -11-2014
TIME: 90 MIN

PROBABILITY THEORY & STOCHASTIC PROCESS


Regd.N
o.

1.Answer the following :

PART A
(Compulsory Questions)
5 2=10 Marks)

Marks
(a) Define HPBW and BWBF?

2M

Max. Marks: 30M

(b)Define antenna gain?

2M

(c) What is the Axial ratio of a helical antenna?

2M

(d )what are the applications of loop antenna?

2M

(e)List some of the advantages of microstrip patch antenna?

2M

PART B
Note: Answer: TWO Questions ; Either 2nd or 3rd Question &
Either 4 th or 5th Question

(2 10=20 Marks)
2. (a) Derive expression for the magnetic field radiated by a halfwave dipole antenna?

6M

(b) Explain why the folded dipole has a greater bandwidth than the straight dipole?

4M

( OR)
3.(a)Derive expression for the electric field radiated by a small loop antenna?
(b)state and prove reciprocity theorem for antennas?
4.(a)Describe briefly some salient features of microstrip patch antenna?
(b)Derive the expression for dipole with parasitic element?

6M
4M
6M
4M

( OR)
5.(a)Explain about the contacting feed schemes applied in microstrip patch antenna?
(a)List out some limitations for microstrip patch antenna?

6M
4M