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# RAVINDRA COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING FOR WOMEN

II B.Tech, I SEM
Branch: ECE

## Year & Semester:

Name of the Subject:

DATE: -11-2014
TIME: 20 MIN

## Max. Marks: 10M

Regd.N
o.

1For a Poisson Random Process with b=t, the probability of exactly K occurrences over the time interval
(0,t), P[X(t)=K] where K=0,1,2, is
[
]

t e t
( a) K !

e t
(b) K !

( c)

t k e t
( t ) k e t
K ! (d)
K!

## 2. Two Random Process X(t) and Y(t) are called uncorrelated if

(a) CXY(t1,t2)=0(b) CXY(t1,t2)>0

(c)CXY(t1,t2)<0

(a) 4,25

(b)

25,4

(c)

(d) CXY(t1,t2)=1

25

21,2

(d) 5,4

## 4. which of the following is correct

1
RXX ( ) [ RXX (0) RYY (0)]
2
(a)

1
RXX ( ) [ RXX (0) RYY (0)]
2
(b)

1
RXX ( ) [ RXX (0) RYY (0)]
2
(c)

1
RXX ( ) [ RXX (0) RYY (0)]
2
(d)

5.A Random Process is defined as X(t)=A.cos(wt+ ), where w & are constants and A is a R.V.
Then X(t) is stationary if
[
]
(a) E[A] = 2

(b) E[A] = 0

## 6. A stationary R.P. x(t) is periodic with period 2T. Its ACF is

(a) Anon periodic (b) Periodic with period T (c) Periodic with period 2T (d) periodic with period T/2
7. For an ergodic process,
(a) Mean is necessarily zero

## (d) All time averages are zero

8.Rxy() = ________
(a) Ryx()

(b) Ryx(-)

(c) Rxx()

(d) Ryy()

9.Time average of Auto Correlation function and the power spectral density from a
(a) Fourier series pair

(d) None

II B.Tech, I SEM
Branch: ECE

## Year & Semester:

Name of the Subject:

DATE: -11-2014
TIME: 20 MIN

## Max. Marks: 10M

Regd.N
o.

1For a Poisson Random Process with b=t, the probability of exactly K occurrences over the time interval
(0,t), P[X(t)=K] where K=0,1,2, is
[
]

t e t
( a) K !

e t
(b) K !

( c)

t k e t
( t ) k e t
K ! (d)
K!

## 2. Two Random Process X(t) and Y(t) are called uncorrelated if

(a) CXY(t1,t2)=0(b) CXY(t1,t2)>0

(c)CXY(t1,t2)<0

(a) 4,25

(b)

25,4

(c)

(d) CXY(t1,t2)=1

25

21,2

(d) 5,4

## 4. which of the following is correct

1
RXX ( ) [ RXX (0) RYY (0)]
2
(a)

1
RXX ( ) [ RXX (0) RYY (0)]
2
(b)

1
RXX ( ) [ RXX (0) RYY (0)]
2
(c)

1
RXX ( ) [ RXX (0) RYY (0)]
2
(d)

5.A Random Process is defined as X(t)=A.cos(wt+ ), where w & are constants and A is a R.V.
Then X(t) is stationary if
[
]
(a) E[A] = 2

(b) E[A] = 0

## 6. A stationary R.P. x(t) is periodic with period 2T. Its ACF is

(a) Anon periodic (b) Periodic with period T (c) Periodic with period 2T (d) periodic with period T/2
7. For an ergodic process,

## (d) All time averages are zero

8.Rxy() = ________
(a) Ryx()

(b) Ryx(-)

(c) Rxx()

(d) Ryy()

9.Time average of Auto Correlation function and the power spectral density from a
(a) Fourier series pair
10.

## (b) Fourier transform pair (c) Both

(a) C(t1,t2)=R(t1,t2)

(b)

C t1 , t 2 R2 t1 , t 2 (t )

C t 1 , t 2 R t 1 , t 2 (t )
(d)

## 11.The PSD of a R.P whose auto correlation function is a.e

a
a 2

(a)

is

2ab
2
2
(c) b( a )

2ab
2
(b) a

C t1 , t 2 R2 t1 , t 2 (t )

2ab
2
(d) ( a )
2

## 12. The covariance of two independent R.V. is

(a) Zero

(b) One

(c) Two

(d) None

4
2
13. The A.C.F of a R.P whose P.S.D 1 / 4 is
(a) e

(b) 2e

(d) None

(c)

(c) 3e

(d) 4e

[
]
1
(a) 2

X T ( )
2T

(b)

X T ( )

E{ X T ( ) }
lim
2T
(c) T

2T

E{ X T ( ) }
1
lim
2T
(d) 2 T

(a)

XX

1
(b) 2

( )d

XX

[
2

( ) d
(c)

XX

( )d
(d) 0

[T / F ]

(a) Time

(b) Ensemble

(c) Both

(d) None

## 18. A random process is a R.V. that is a function of ________

(a) time

(b) temperature

(c) both

(b) WSS

(c) both

(d) none

19 .If all the statistical properties of x(t) are not affected by time shift is referred as ___
(a) SSS

(d) none

20. A R.P X(t) is said to be mean ergodic or ergodic in mean sense, if its statistiacal average is ______ to its
time average.
[
]
(a) equal

10.

(c) both

(d) none

## The auto covariance C(t1,t2) of a process X(t) is (assume that E(X(t)]=(t))

(a) C(t1,t2)=R(t1,t2)

(b)

C t1 , t 2 R2 t1 , t 2 (t )

(c)

C t 1 , t 2 R t 1 , t 2 (t )

(d)

a
2
a 2

(a)

is

2ab
2
2
(c) b( a )

2ab
2
2
(b) a

C t1 , t 2 R2 t1 , t 2 (t )

2ab
2
(d) ( a )
2

## 12. The covariance of two independent R.V. is

(a) Zero

(b) One

(c) Two

(d) None

4
2
13. The A.C.F of a R.P whose P.S.D 1 / 4 is
(a) e

(b) 2e

(c) 3e

(d) 4e

[
]
1
(a) 2

X T ( )
2T

(b)

X T ( )
2T

E{ X T ( ) }
lim
2T
(c) T

E{ X T ( ) }
1
lim
2T
(d) 2 T

(a)

1
(b) 2

S XX ( )d

[
2

S XX ( ) d

(c)

XX

( )d
(d) 0

[T / F ]

(a) Time

(b) Ensemble

(c) Both

(d) None

## 18. A random process is a R.V. that is a function of ________

(a) time

(b) temperature

(c) both

(d) none

19 .If all the statistical properties of x(t) are not affected by time shift is referred as ___

(a) SSS

(b) WSS

(c) both

(d) none

20. A R.P X(t) is said to be mean ergodic or ergodic in mean sense, if its statistiacal average is ______ to its
time average.
[
]
(a) equal

(c) both

(d) none

SET-

II B.Tech, I SEM
Branch: ECE

## Year & Semester:

Name of the Subject:

DATE: -11-2014
TIME: 20 MIN

Regd.N
o.

## 1. Two WSS processes x(t) & y(t) are jointly WSS if

(a) E[X(t)Y(t)]=E[X(t)]E[Y(t)]

## (b) cov[X(t)Y(t)]= var[X(t)]var[Y(t)]

(c) Rxy(T)=--Rxy(t,t+T)

## (d) E[X(t)]=const& E[Y(t)]=const

2. RXX(-) =________
(a) RXX()

(b) 0

## 3. The mean square value for the poison process X(t)

(a) t

(b) (t)2

(c) t + (t)2

(c) -RXX()
with parameter t is

(b) 0

(b) voltage

(d) t - (t)2

(c) -RXX()

(d) E[X2(t)]

## 5. Mean square value is called ______ in the process

(a) power

(d)

4. RXX(0) =________
(a) RXX()

(c) current

(d) none

(a) X

2
(b) X

(c) 0

(d)

(a) Orthogonal

(b) Uncorrelated

## 8. The auto correlation function of X(t), RXX() is

(c) Both

(d) None

(a) E[ X (t )]

(b)

X (t )dt
(c)

(t )dt

(d) E[ X (t ) X (t )]

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

SET-

II B.Tech, I SEM
Branch: ECE

## Year & Semester:

Name of the Subject:

DATE: -11-2014
TIME: 20 MIN

Regd.N
o.

## 1. Two WSS processes x(t) & y(t) are jointly WSS if

(a) E[X(t)Y(t)]=E[X(t)]E[Y(t)]

## (b) cov[X(t)Y(t)]= var[X(t)]var[Y(t)]

(c) Rxy(T)=--Rxy(t,t+T)

## (d) E[X(t)]=const& E[Y(t)]=const

2. RXX(-) =________
(a) RXX()

(b) 0

## 3. The mean square value for the poison process X(t)

(a) t

(b) (t)2

(c) t + (t)2

(c) -RXX()
with parameter t is

(b) 0

(b) voltage

(d) t - (t)2

(c) -RXX()

(d) E[X2(t)]

## 5. Mean square value is called ______ in the process

(a) power

(d)

4. RXX(0) =________
(a) RXX()

(c) current

(d) none

(a) X

2
(b) X

(c) 0

(d)

(a) Orthogonal

(b) Uncorrelated

(c) Both

(d) None

## 8. The auto correlation function of X(t), RXX() is

(a) E[ X (t )]

X (t )dt

(b)

(c)

(t )dt

(d) E[ X (t ) X (t )]

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

## RXX ( ) RXX (0); RXX ( ) RXX ( )

10. If C XX() and CXY() are auto and covariance functions respectively then
2

(a)

## C XX ( ) RXX ( ) X ; CXY ( ) RXY ( ) X

(c)

C XX ( ) RXX ( ) X ; C XY ( ) RXY ( ) X Y

(b)
(d)

C XX ( ) RXX ( ) X ; C XY ( ) RXY ( ) Y

## 11. Rxx()= __________

1
S XX ( )e j d

S xx ()exp { j }d

(a)

C XX ( ) RXX ( ) X ; C XY ( ) RXY ( ) X Y

(b)

1
S XX ( )e j d
2

S xx ( ) exp { j }d

(c)

1
S XX ( )e j d

(d) None

## 12. cross-power density spectrum is denoted by ______

14. Average power PXX in a random process X(t) is given by the time average of its ___ moment [

(a)

S XX ( )

(b)

SYY ( )

(c)

S XY ( )

(d) none

(a)

(a) First

(b) . )

(b) second

(c) 2.. )

(c) Third

(d) 3. )

(d) Fourth

(a) Real

(b) Imaginary

(c) Both

(d) None

(a)

1
S XX ( )d
2

(b)

## 1/2 Sxx (w) dw

1
S XX ( )d

1/ 2 Rxx (w)dw

(c)

XX

( )e

d
(d).

XX

( )e j d

17. The power density spectrum and time average of auto correlation function
form a fourier transform pair

18. Let X(t) and Y(t) are Two R.P with Respective auto correlation functions
Then
(a)

[
(b)

(c)

(d)

]
(a) Orthogonal

(b) parallel

(c) vertical

(d) none

(a) Parsevals

(a) XX

[
2

## 11. Rxx()= __________

S xx ()exp { j }d

1
S XX ( )e j d

C ( ) RXX ( ) X ; C XY ( ) RXY ( ) X Y
(b) XX

## C ( ) RXX ( ) X ; C XY ( ) RXY ( ) X Y (d) C XX ( ) RXX ( ) X ; C XY ( ) RXY ( ) Y

(c) XX

(a)

(d) none

10. If C XX() and CXY() are auto and covariance functions respectively then

F ]

R YY

## RXX (0) RYY (0)

(b)

1
S XX ( )e j d
2

S xx ( ) exp { j }d

(c)

1
S XX ( )e j d

(d) None

(a)

S XX ( )

## 13. F.T [1] __________

(b)

SYY ( )

(c)

S XY ( )

(d) none

(a)

(b) . )

(c) 2.. )

(d) 3. )

14. Average power PXX in a random process X(t) is given by the time average of its ___ moment [
(a) First

(b) second

(c) Third

(d) Fourth

(a) Real

(b) Imaginary

(c) Both

(a)

(d) None

1
S XX ( )d
2

(b)

## 1/2 Sxx (w) dw

1
S XX ( )d

(c)

1/ 2 Rxx (w)dw

S XX ( )e j d
(d).

XX

( )e j d

17. The power density spectrum and time average of auto correlation function
form a fourier transform pair

18. Let X(t) and Y(t) are Two R.P with Respective auto correlation functions
Then
(a)

[
(b)

(c)

(d)

]
(a) Orthogonal

(b) parallel

[
(c) vertical

(d) none

(a) Parsevals

## (b) Density function

[
(c) Wiener khintchine

(d) none

F ]

R YY

II B.Tech, I SEM
ECE

DATE: -11-2014
TIME: 20 MIN

Regd.N
o.

T

1
2T
(b)

x(t )dt

(a)

x(t )dt

1
lim
T 2T

(c)

x(t )dt

lim

(d)

(b)

PYX

(c)

PYX*

(d)

2
S XX ( )d

(a)

S
2

(b)

S XX ( ) d

( )d

XX

S XX ( ) d

( )d
(c)

(b) Continuous

2 2 S XX ( )d

(d)

(c) Both

(b) Continuous

(c) Both

(b) X Y

XX

( )d

XX

( ) d
[

(d) None

(d) None

(a) X Y

(a) Discrete

(a) Discrete

PYX

XX

(d) E[X2(t)]= 0

## 4. For an ergodic process

[
(b) E[X(t)X(t+T)]= RXX(T)

PYX*

x(t )dt

## 3. Let X(t) be a R.P which is wide sense stationary, then

(a)

2. If a process is stationary to all orders n=1,2,.N, then X i=X(ti), where i=1,2,.N is called
(a) Strict sense stationary (b) wide sense stationary

(c) X .Y

(d) 0

## Year & Semester:

Name of the Subject:

II B.Tech, I SEM
ECE

DATE: -11-2014
TIME: 20 MIN

Regd.N
o.

T

(a)

1
2T
(b)

x(t )dt

1
T 2T

x(t )dt

lim

(c)

lim

(d)

## 5. The cross power PXY is

(b)

PYX

PYX*

(c)

(d)

(a)

XX

( )d

XX

( ) d

S XX ( )d

(b)

2
S XX ( )d

2
(c)

XX

( ) d

(b) Continuous

2
S XX ( )d

(d)

(c) Both

(b) Continuous

(c) Both

(b) X Y

(c) X .Y

1
[ RXX (0) RYY (0)]
RXX (0) RYY (0)
________ 2

XX

( )d

XX

( ) d

(d) 0

(a) 6
(b) 0
(c) 4
(d) 2

11.

(d) None

(a) X Y

(d) None

(a) Discrete

(a) Discrete

PYX

(d) E[X2(t)]= 0

## 4. For an ergodic process

[
(b) E[X(t)X(t+T)]= RXX(T)

PYX*

x(t )dt

## 3. Let X(t) be a R.P which is wide sense stationary, then

(a)

x(t )dt

2. If a process is stationary to all orders n=1,2,.N, then X i=X(ti), where i=1,2,.N is called
(a) Strict sense stationary (b) wide sense stationary

[
]

(a)

(b)

(c) >

(d) <

## 12. Sxx( )= _______

]

1
RXX ( )e j d

(a)

R xx ( ) exp { jw }d

( )e j d

(b)

XX

R xx ( ) exp { jw }d

(c)

RXX ( )e j d

R xx ( ) =exp { jw }d

(d) None

13. For a Periodic signal ___is used for the study of its Spectral behaviour
(a) Fourier series

(c) Z-Transform

(b) non-negative

(c) finite

(d) None

## 15. The power spectrum density of WSS is always

(a) negative

(d) None

14. For a non Periodic signal ___is used for the study of its Spectral behaviour
(a) Fourier series

## (d) can be negative or positive

16. The average power of the periodic R.P. whose A.C.F. is RXX()=exp
(a) 0

(b) 1

2 2

(c)

is

(d)

17. The real and imaginary parts of SYX() is an ___________ and _______ function of respectively
(a) odd,odd

(b) odd,even

(c) even,odd

(d) even,even

18.If X(t) and Y(t) are uncorrelated and of constant means, E[X] and E[Y] respectively, then S XY() is

(a) E[X].E[Y]

(b) 2E[X].E[Y] ()

(c) 2E[X].E[Y] ()

E[ X ]E[Y ] ( )
2
(d)

19. The cross power spectrum density of two R.P X(t) and Y(t), S XY() is

E[ X T* ( )YT ( )
lim
2T
(a) T

E[ X T* ( )YT ( )
2T
(b)

E[ X T* ( )YT ( )
lim
2
(c) T

E[ X T* ( )YT ( )
2
(d)

20. If Z(t)=X(t)+Y(t), where X(t) and Y(t) are two WSS processes and
mean, then SZZ()=

(a) SXX()-SYY()

(d) SXY()+SYX()

(b) SXY()-SYX()

(c) SXX()+SYY()

[
]

(a) 6
(b) 0
(c) 4
(d) 2

11.
(a)

## . Average power PXX(0) is

[
]

1
[ RXX (0) RYY (0)]
________ 2
(b)

(c) >

(d) <

## 12. Sxx( )= _______

]

1
RXX ( )e j d

(a)

R xx ( ) exp { jw }d

( )e j d

(b)

XX

R xx ( ) exp { jw }d

(c)

RXX ( )e j d

R xx ( ) =exp { jw }d

(d) None

13. For a Periodic signal ___is used for the study of its Spectral behaviour
(a) Fourier series

(c) Z-Transform

(b) non-negative

(c) finite

(d) None

## 15. The power spectrum density of WSS is always

(a) negative

(d) None

14. For a non Periodic signal ___is used for the study of its Spectral behaviour
(a) Fourier series

## (d) can be negative or positive

2 2
is
16. The average power of the periodic R.P. whose A.C.F. is RXX()=exp
(a) 0

(b) 1

(c)

(d)

17. The real and imaginary parts of SYX() is an ___________ and _______ function of respectively
(a) odd,odd

(b) odd,even

(c) even,odd

(d) even,even

18.If X(t) and Y(t) are uncorrelated and of constant means, E[X] and E[Y] respectively, then S XY() is

(a) E[X].E[Y]

(b) 2E[X].E[Y] ()

(c) 2E[X].E[Y] ()

E[ X ]E[Y ] ( )
2
(d)

19. The cross power spectrum density of two R.P X(t) and Y(t), S XY() is

E[ X T* ( )YT ( )
lim
2T
(a) T

E[ X T* ( )YT ( )
2T
(b)

E[ X T* ( )YT ( )
lim
2
(c) T

20. If Z(t)=X(t)+Y(t), where X(t) and Y(t) are two WSS processes and
mean, then SZZ()=

## X(t) and Y(t)

E[ X T* ( )YT ( )
2
(d)
are uncorrelated with zero
[
]

(a) SXX()-SYY()

(b) SXY()-SYX()

(c) SXX()+SYY()

(d) SXY()+SYX()

SET-

II B.Tech, I SEM
ECE

## Year & Semester:

Name of the Subject:

DATE: -11-2014
TIME: 20 MIN

## Max. Marks: 10M

Regd.N
o.
1. A R.P is defined as X(t)=Acos(t+), where and
Then, X(t) is stationary if

[

(a) E[A]=2

(b) E[A]=0

## 2. A stationary continuous process X(t) with auto correlation function

and only if for all

1
2T
(a)

X (t ) X (t )dt R

1
lim
T 2T
(b)

( )

X (t ) X (t )dt R

(c)

XX

XX

RXX ( )

## is called auto correlation ergodic if

[
]

X (t ) X (t )dt R

( )
(d)

X (t )dt 0
[

f ( x1 , x2 ; t1 , t2 )dx1
(b)

x ,x
1

f ( x1 , x2 ; t1 , t2 )dx2

(c)

( )

## 3. X(t1)=X1 and X(t2)=X2. The correlation between X1 and X2 is R(t1,t2)=

(a)

XX

f ( x1 , x2 ; t1 , t2 ) dt1dt2

x ,x
1

(d)

f ( x1 , x2 ; t1 , t2 )dx1dx2

4. A stationary R.P X(t) will have its _____ properties not affected by a shift in time.
(a). mathematical

(b) normal

(c) statistical

## 5. The auto covariance cov X(t1,t2) of a R.P X(t) is

(a) RXX(t1,t2)-E[X(t1)]

(b) RXX(t1,t2)+E[X(t2)]

( c ) RXX(t1,t2)-E[X(t1)] E[X(t2)]

(d) none
[

## (d) RXX(t1,t2)+E[X(t1)] +E[X(t1)]

6. The relationship between the Auto correlation function and the power spectral density is called as__ ____Relation

7. If

S XX ( )

16
2
,
S
(

,
2 16 YY
2 16 and X(t) and Y(t) are of zero mean, U(t)=X(t)+Y(t)., SXU() is [

2
2
(a) 16

(b) 16

4
(c) 16

16
(d) 16

## (a) the area under the graph of a PSD

(b) area under the graph of the auto correlation of the process

SET-

II B.Tech, I SEM
ECE

## Year & Semester:

Name of the Subject:

DATE: -11-2014
TIME: 20 MIN

Regd.N
o.

## 1. A R.P is defined as X(t)=Acos(t+), where and

Then, X(t) is stationary if

[

(a) E[A]=2

(b) E[A]=0

RXX ( )

## 2. A stationary continuous process X(t) with auto correlation function

and only if for all

1
2T
(a)

lim

(c)

1
T 2T
(b)

X (t ) X (t )dt RXX ( )

X (t ) X (t )dt R

XX

## is called auto correlation ergodic if

[
]

X (t ) X (t )dt R

( )
(d)

X (t )dt 0

f ( x1 , x2 ; t1 , t2 )dx1
(b)

x ,x
1

f ( x1 , x2 ; t1 , t2 )dx2

(c)

( )

## 3. X(t1)=X1 and X(t2)=X2. The correlation between X1 and X2 is R(t1,t2)=

(a)

XX

f ( x1 , x2 ; t1 , t2 ) dt1dt2

x ,x
1

(d)

f ( x1 , x2 ; t1 , t2 )dx1dx2

4. A stationary R.P X(t) will have its _____ properties not affected by a shift in time.
(a). mathematical

(b) normal

(c) statistical

## 5. The auto covariance cov X(t1,t2) of a R.P X(t) is

(a) RXX(t1,t2)-E[X(t1)]

(b) RXX(t1,t2)+E[X(t2)]

( c ) RXX(t1,t2)-E[X(t1)] E[X(t2)]

(d) none
[

## (d) RXX(t1,t2)+E[X(t1)] +E[X(t1)]

6. The relationship between the Auto correlation function and the power spectral density is called as__ ____Relation

7. If

S XX ( )

16
2
,
S
(

,
2 16 YY
2 16 and X(t) and Y(t) are of zero mean, U(t)=X(t)+Y(t)., SXU() is [

2
2
(a) 16

(b) 16

4
(c) 16

16
(d) 16

## (a) the area under the graph of a PSD

(b) area under the graph of the auto correlation of the process

## (a) the area under the graph of a PSD

(b) area under the graph of the auto correlation of the process

(c) zero

6
2
(a) 9

RXX ( ) e

9
2
(b) 6

. Then PSD is

3
2
(c) 9

(b) SXY()=1

(a)

S XY ( )d

2
(b)

(c) SXY()>1

1
2
(a) 1 ( / K )

1
2
(c)

S XY ( )d

2
2
(b) 1 ( / K )

(d) SXY()<1

1
2
(d)

SYX ( )d

(c) 1 ( / K )

## (b) power density spectrum

(c) both

(d) none

16. For an LTI system its impulse response transfer function form a pair of
(b) Fourier Transform

(c) Z-Transform

(d) Convolution

( )d

1 ( / K )2
2
(d)

XY

## X(t) and Y(t)

(c) RXY(T)-RYX(T)

## . Then its PSD is SXX()=

14. If Z(t)=X(t)+Y(t), where X(t) and Y(t) are two WSS processes and
mean, then RZZ(T)=
(b) RXX(T)+ RYY(T)

9
2
(d) 3

(a) SXY()=0

[
]

(a)

RXX ( )

(b)

RXY ( )

(c)

XX

( )

(d)

( )

XY

(a)

RXX ( )

(b)

RXY ( )

(c)

XX

( )

(d)

RXX (t , t )

(b)

C XY (t , t )

(a) SXY()

(c)

C XX (t , t )

(d)

RXY (t , t )

SYX() =

(b) SXY(-)

( )

XY

(a)

(c) SYX(-)

(d) -SYX()

## 9. mean square value of a WSS process equals

(a) the area under the graph of a PSD

(b) area under the graph of the auto correlation of the process

(c) zero

6
2
(a) 9

RXX ( ) e

9
2
(b) 6

. Then PSD is

3
2
(c) 9

(b) SXY()=1

(c) SXY()>1

(a)

S XY ( )d

2
(b)

1
2
(a) 1 ( / K )

1
2
(c)

S XY ( )d

2
2
(b) 1 ( / K )

1
2
(d)

SYX ( )d

(c) 1 ( / K )

## (b) power density spectrum

(c) both

(d) none

16. For an LTI system its impulse response transfer function form a pair of
(b) Fourier Transform

(c) Z-Transform

(d) Convolution

( )d

1 ( / K )2
2
(d)

XY

## X(t) and Y(t)

(c) RXY(T)-RYX(T)

## . Then its PSD is SXX()=

14. If Z(t)=X(t)+Y(t), where X(t) and Y(t) are two WSS processes and
mean, then RZZ(T)=
(b) RXX(T)+ RYY(T)

[
(d) SXY()<1

9
2
(d) 3

(a) SXY()=0

[
]

(a)

RXX ( )

(b)

RXY ( )

(c)

XX

( )

(d)

XY

( )

(a)

RXX ( )

(b)

RXY ( )

(c)

XX

( )

(d)

XY

RXX (t , t )

(b)

C XY (t , t )

(a) SXY()

(c)

C XX (t , t )

(d)

RXY (t , t )

SYX() =

(b) SXY(-)

( )

(a)

[
(c) SYX(-)

(d) -SYX()

II B.Tech, I SEM
ECE

DATE: -11-2014
TIME: 90 MIN

## Max. Marks: 30M

Regd.N
o.

PART A
(Compulsory Questions)
5 2=10 Marks)

Marks
(a) Define antenna beam efficiency and stray factor?

2M

## (b)what is retarded current and retarded time?

2M

(c) Define loop antenna ? What are different shapes of loop antenna?

2M

2M

2M
PART B

## Note: Answer: TWO Questions ; Either 2nd or 3rd Question &

Either 4 th or 5th Question

(2 10=20 Marks)
2. (a) What is Lorentz gauge condition? Explain .
(b) compare the loop antenna with short dipole?

6M
4M

( OR)
3.(a)Explain the concept ofarray with parasistic elements and give its

6M

4M

## 4.(a)Explain about rectangular patch antenna briefly with a neat diagrams?

(b)Write a short note on helical antenna?

6M
4M

( OR)
5.(a)Describe briefly about contacting feed methods in microstrip antenna?

6M

4M

## Year & Semester:

Name of the Subject:

II B.Tech, I SEM
ECE

DATE: -11-2014
TIME: 90 MIN

## PROBABILITY THEORY & STOCHASTIC PROCESS

Regd.N
o.

PART A
(Compulsory Questions)
5 2=10 Marks)

Marks
(a) Define antenna beam efficiency and stray factor?

2M

## (b)what is retarded current and retarded time?

2M

(c) Define loop antenna ? What are different shapes of loop antenna?

2M

2M

2M
PART B

## Note: Answer: TWO Questions ; Either 2nd or 3rd Question &

Either 4 th or 5th Question

(2 10=20 Marks)
2. (a) What is Lorentz gauge condition? Explain .
(b) compare the loop antenna with short dipole?
( OR)

6M
4M

## Max. Marks: 30M

3.(a)Explain the concept ofarray with parasistic elements and give its

6M

(b)Show the radiation resistance of a halfwave dipole is 73 ohms.

4M

## 4.(a)Explain about rectangular patch antenna briefly with a neat diagrams?

(b)Write a short note on helical antenna?

6M
4M

( OR)
5.(a)Describe briefly about contacting feed methods in microstrip antenna?

6M

4M

## Year & Semester:

Name of the Subject:

II B.Tech, I SEM
ECE

DATE: -11-2014
TIME: 90 MIN

## PROBABILITY THEORY & STOCHASTIC PROCESS

Regd.N
o.

PART A
(Compulsory Questions)
5 2=10 Marks)

Marks
(a) Compare electric scalar and magnetic vector potentials?

2M

2M

2M

2M

## (e)List some of the applications of microstrip patch antenna?

2M

PART B
Note: Answer: TWO Questions ; Either 2nd or 3rd Question &
Either 4 th or 5th Question

(2 10=20 Marks)
2. (a) Derive the expression for effective length of Half Wave Dipole ?

6M

4M

## Max. Marks: 30M

( OR)
3.(a)List out the types of horn antenna and explain what optimum horn is?

6M

4M

6M

## (b)What is the principle of equality of path length ? how it is applicable to

4M

horn Antenna?
( OR)
5.(a)Describe briefly about non- contacting feed methods in microstrip antenna?
(a)What are the advantages of microstrip patch antenna?

6M
4M

## Year & Semester:

Name of the Subject:

II B.Tech, I SEM
ECE

DATE: -11-2014
TIME: 90 MIN

## PROBABILITY THEORY & STOCHASTIC PROCESS

Regd.N
o.

PART A
(Compulsory Questions)
5 2=10 Marks)

Marks
(a) Compare electric scalar and magnetic vector potentials?

2M

2M

2M

2M

## (e)List some of the applications of microstrip patch antenna?

2M

PART B
Note: Answer: TWO Questions ; Either 2nd or 3rd Question &
Either 4 th or 5th Question

(2 10=20 Marks)

## Max. Marks: 30M

2. (a) Derive the expression for effective length of Half Wave Dipole ?

6M

## (b) Derive an expression for the impedance of the folded dipole?

4M

( OR)
3.(a)List out the types of horn antenna and explain what optimum horn is?

6M

4M

6M

## (b)What is the principle of equality of path length ? how it is applicable to

4M

horn Antenna?
( OR)
5.(a)Describe briefly about non- contacting feed methods in microstrip antenna?
(a)What are the advantages of microstrip patch antenna?

6M
4M

## Year & Semester:

Name of the Subject:

II B.Tech, I SEM
ECE

DATE: -11-2014
TIME: 90 MIN

## PROBABILITY THEORY & STOCHASTIC PROCESS

Regd.N
o.

PART A
(Compulsory Questions)
5 2=10 Marks)

Marks
(a) What are the different types of radiation patterns?

2M

2M

2M

2M

## (e)List some of the advantages of microstrip patch antenna?

2M

PART B
Note: Answer: TWO Questions ; Either 2nd or 3rd Question &

## Either 4 th or 5th Question

(2 10=20 Marks)
2. (a) Define the term input impedance of an antenna and prove the equality

6M

## Of impedance in receiving and transmitting modes

(b) Derive the expression for radiation resistance of a small loop antenna?

4M

( OR)
3.(a)Explain about the monofilar axial mode of operation with following design

6M

Considerations?

4M

6M

## (b)Explain the characteristic of folded dipole antenna?

4M

( OR)
5.(a)what are different feed methods present in microstrip antenna?

6M

4M

## Year & Semester:

Name of the Subject:

II B.Tech, I SEM
ECE

DATE: -11-2014
TIME: 90 MIN

## PROBABILITY THEORY & STOCHASTIC PROCESS

Regd.N
o.

PART A
(Compulsory Questions)
5 2=10 Marks)

Marks
(a) What are the different types of radiation patterns?

2M

2M

2M

2M

2M

PART B

## Note: Answer: TWO Questions ; Either 2nd or 3rd Question &

Either 4 th or 5th Question

(2 10=20 Marks)
2. (a) Define the term input impedance of an antenna and prove the equality

6M

## Of impedance in receiving and transmitting modes

(b) Derive the expression for radiation resistance of a small loop antenna?

4M

( OR)
3.(a)Explain about the monofilar axial mode of operation with following design

6M

Considerations?

4M

6M

## (b)Explain the characteristic of folded dipole antenna?

4M

( OR)
5.(a)what are different feed methods present in microstrip antenna?

6M

4M

## Year & Semester:

Name of the Subject:

II B.Tech, I SEM
ECE

DATE: -11-2014
TIME: 90 MIN

## PROBABILITY THEORY & STOCHASTIC PROCESS

Regd.N
o.

PART A
(Compulsory Questions)
5 2=10 Marks)

Marks
(a) Define HPBW and BWBF?

2M

2M

2M

2M

## (e)List some of the advantages of microstrip patch antenna?

2M

PART B
Note: Answer: TWO Questions ; Either 2nd or 3rd Question &
Either 4 th or 5th Question

(2 10=20 Marks)
2. (a) Derive expression for the magnetic field radiated by a halfwave dipole antenna?

6M

(b) Explain why the folded dipole has a greater bandwidth than the straight dipole?

4M

( OR)
3.(a)Derive expression for the electric field radiated by a small loop antenna?
(b)state and prove reciprocity theorem for antennas?

6M
4M

6M

## (b)Derive the expression for dipole with parasitic element?

4M

( OR)
5.(a)Explain about the contacting feed schemes applied in microstrip patch antenna?
(a)List out some limitations for microstrip patch antenna?

6M
4M

## Year & Semester:

Name of the Subject:

II B.Tech, I SEM
ECE

DATE: -11-2014
TIME: 90 MIN

## PROBABILITY THEORY & STOCHASTIC PROCESS

Regd.N
o.

PART A
(Compulsory Questions)
5 2=10 Marks)

Marks
(a) Define HPBW and BWBF?

2M

2M

2M

2M

## (e)List some of the advantages of microstrip patch antenna?

2M

PART B
Note: Answer: TWO Questions ; Either 2nd or 3rd Question &
Either 4 th or 5th Question

(2 10=20 Marks)
2. (a) Derive expression for the magnetic field radiated by a halfwave dipole antenna?

6M

(b) Explain why the folded dipole has a greater bandwidth than the straight dipole?

4M

( OR)
3.(a)Derive expression for the electric field radiated by a small loop antenna?
(b)state and prove reciprocity theorem for antennas?
4.(a)Describe briefly some salient features of microstrip patch antenna?
(b)Derive the expression for dipole with parasitic element?

6M
4M
6M
4M

( OR)
5.(a)Explain about the contacting feed schemes applied in microstrip patch antenna?
(a)List out some limitations for microstrip patch antenna?

6M
4M