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Chapter 1

THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND


Introduction
Preschool

children

aged

five

to

six

years

old

are

observed as competent in all situations. They love to see


themselves

being

praised

and

rewarded

compared

to

other

children. Thus, they are more-like a perfectionist for which


they want to be the best boy or girl. Preschool children
aged five to six years old evidently speaks logically in
terms

of

the

inquisitive

in

things

they

are

discovering

new

interested
things.

in.

Yet,

They

are

there

are

children who have a recurring undesirable behaviour. These


recurring behavioural problems affect their social behaviour
and even with their academic performance.
Thus,
undesirable

these

recurring

behaviour

that

behavioural
needs

an

problems
intervention

are
or

strategies to lessen, prevent or avoid occurring. Also, this


recurring behaviour might be a product of such causes that
affects his/her development as a child. These children who
have recurring behavioural problems should be treated with
love and care. We have to make them feel that they are
important and so like the other children. Children do not

remain

attentive

for

long.

Thus,

we

have

to

set

and

implement interventions and strategies to lessen and prevent


the recurring of their behavioural problems.
In this action research, we will discuss the common
behavioural problems among preschool children aged five to
six years old. Together with this are the major causes that
affect the behavioural problem of the child. With that, we
are

able

to

know

what

really

affects

the

behavioural

problems of the child to recur in any situations. Hence, we


will

also

discuss

how

we

can

able

to

deal

with

these

children having recurring behavioural problems. This will be


the

interventions

or

strategies

that

might

help

us

in

handling and dealing with these children.

Statement of the Problem


The main purpose of this study is to determine the
causes of recurring behavioural problems among preschool
children aged five to six years old.
Specifically, the study seeks to answer the
following questions:
1. What are the common recurring behavioral problems
among preschool children?

2. What are the causes of recurring behavioral problems


among preschool children?
3. What are the effective strategies that can be used
in

dealing

problems?
4. Is there

with

pupils

significant

recurring

difference

behavioral
between

the

between

the

perspective of teachers and parents?

Hypothesis
There

is

no

significant

difference

perception of teachers and parents?

Significance of the study


The

results

of

the

study

would

be

beneficial

to

the

following;
1.

School

Administrators.

This

study

helps

school

administrators in understanding the background information


of the preschool children having the behavioral problem.
2. Guidance Counselor. This study helps the guidance
counselors

in

implementing

programs

that

addresses

the

recurring behavioral problems of preschool children.


3. Teachers. This study will guide the teachers in
assisting and monitoring the preschool children.

4. Parents. This study will provide the parents the


strategies that they may use in managing the behavior of
their child.
5.

Preschoolers.

This

study

will

guide

the

pre-

schoolers in managing their behavior with the help of their


parents and teachers.

Scope and delimitation


The researchers focused on the causes recurring
behavioral problems of five to six years old children.
The study is delimited to the recurring behavioral
problems; its causes and strategies in dealing with the said
behavior of five to six years old children.
The researchers got twenty respondents, which are ten
teachers of preschool and ten parents.

Definition of Terms
For purposes of clarity on the part of the readers,
the

following

defined:

terms

were

operationally

and

conceptually

Behavior. It is the way something moves, functions or


reacts. The way a person acts or behaves (Merriam Webster).
Demanding Attention. It is behaving in a way which is
in pursuit of attention from others (Wikipedia, 2016).
Fighting

with

peers.

It

is

two

or

more

people

fighting usually in a form of boxing.


Pushing others. It is the act of moving someone or
something by pressing them with your hands or body.
Recurring. It is to happen or appear again or to
occur again (Merriam-Webster, 2015).
Reward or praises. This refers to commendation for
worth or excellence. It is something that is offered or
given for some service or attainment.
Shyness. This refers to the quality or state of being
shy, feeling nervous and uncomfortable about meeting and
talking to people (Merriam-Webster, 2015).
Temper Tantrums. It is a violent demonstration of
rage

or

frustration;

(Dictionary.com, 2012).

sudden

burst

of

ill

temper

Yelling. It is to utter a loud cry, scream or shout.


It

is

2015).

to

make

sudden,

loud

cry

(Merriam-Webster.com,