Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 34

An Organizational Study on the Kalyx Plasti-Pack, Pappinisseri, Kannur

INTRODUCTION AND DESIGN OF THE STUDY

1.1 INTRODUCTION
The potential Indian caret has motivated Indian entrepreneurs to acquire technical
expertise, achieve high quality standards and build capacities in various facets of the
booming plastic industry. Phenomenal developments in the plastic machinery sector
coupled with matching developments in the petrochemical sector, both of which
support the plastic processing sector, have facilitated the plastic processors to build
capacities to service both the domestic market and the markets in the overseas.
Talash Plastopacks Came into being in October 1995, in Kannur, Kerala. The
Company began the Modest Operations with the Manufacturing of basic but Quality
Disposable Plastic Cups & Plates at Affordable Prices. With the Growing Demand for
High Quality, Food Grade Plastic Containers, in 1997, the Company brought World
Class Technology of Superior Plastic Food Packaging Containers and Commodities,
Paving way for the Manufacture of Superior Food Packaging Plastic Containers,
which was High on Hygiene and Convenience. Furnished with Imported State-of-theart Machinery from GN, Plastics, Canada: a name of world repute in Plastic
Manufacturing Equipments. From Sourcing of Quality Raw Material, to the End
Product, our Products set a Bench Mark in Strength, Food-Grade Plastics and
Dimensional Accuracy of Containers.
Hence, the organization study at Kalyx Plasti-Pack makes an attempt to understand
the plastic industry in general and Kalyx Plasti-Pack, Kannur in specific

1.2 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY


This study makes an attempt to understand the plastic industry in general and the
Kalyx Plasti-Pack, Pappinisseri in general.
The study also provides suggestion for improvement and development of plastic
industry in general.

An Organizational Study on the Kalyx Plasti-Pack, Pappinisseri, Kannur

1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY


To study the general organizational functioning of the firm.
Study about various functional department and their performance.
To know the Organization Structure.

1.4 METHODOLOGY AND DATA COLLECTION


Primary and secondary data have been used for the study.
In order to collect the Primary data, discussion were conducted with managers of
concern department, office staff, direct observation and informal talk with workers of
the organization.
The Secondary data was collected from annual reports, manuals, reports from
various departments and also from authentic websites.

1.5 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY


Due to time constraints, in depth study couldnt be taken.
Data is collected through secondary source

1.6 CHAPTER SCHEME


This report consists of five chapters
The first chapter is introduction and design of the study
The second chapter is the profile of the study area which includes industry profile
and Kalyx Plasti-Pack, Pappinisseri Kannur profile
The third chapter is the product profile
The fourth chapter consist of organization chart
The fifth chapter consist of findings, conclusions and suggestions based on the study

An Organizational Study on the Kalyx Plasti-Pack, Pappinisseri, Kannur

INDUSTRY PROFILE
THE PLASTIC INDUSTRY- A PROFILE
The Plastic Industry in India has made significant achievements ever since it made a
modest but promising beginning by commencing product of Polystyrene in l957.
The chronology of manufacture polymers in India is summarized as under;
1957

Polystyrene

1959

LDPE

1961

PVC

1968

HDPE

1978

Polypropylene

The potential Indian caret has motivated Indian entrepreneurs to acquire technical
expertise, achieve high quality standards and build capacities in various facets of the
booming plastic industry. Phenomenal developments in the plastic machinery sector
coupled with matching developments in the petrochemical sector, both of which
support the plastic processing sector, have facilitated the plastic processors to build
capacities to service both the domestic market and the markets in the overseas.
The plastic processing sector comprises of over 30,000 units involved in producing it
variety or items through infection molding, blow molding. extrusion and calendaring.
The capacity built in most segments of this industry coupled with inherent capabilities
has made us capable of servicing the overseas market.
The economic reforms launched in India since 1991, have added further fillip to the
Indian plastic industry. Joint ventures, foreign investments. Easier access to
technology from developed countries etc have opened up new vistas to further
facilitate the growth of this industry.
The plastic industry of India has a big market potentiality and is gradually prospering.
This potentiality of the market will surely actuate the entrepreneurs to invest in this
Industry entrepreneurs are trying to provide high quality plastics products, so that it
becomes a booming industry.
3

An Organizational Study on the Kalyx Plasti-Pack, Pappinisseri, Kannur

The potentiality of plastic industry India propels other associated industries to grow
side by side. One of such growing industry is petrochemical industry .Both these
industries are reciprocal to each other. The petrochemical industry facilitates the
plastic industry to produce plastic products that will meet the domestic demand as
well as that of the overseas market.
The plastic processing industry consist of over 30,000 units which are producing a
wide range of plastic products through the process of injection molding, then blow
molding, extrusion, and finally calendaring.
Some other industries, where plastic materials are used are automotive. building &
construction, electrical and electronics, industrial, medical, packaging, transportation
etc.
Talash Plastopacks Came into being in October 1995, in Kannur, Kerala. The
Company began the Modest Operations with the Manufacturing of basic but Quality
Disposable Plastic Cups & Plates at Affordable Prices. With the Growing Demand for
High Quality, Food Grade Plastic Containers, in 1997, the Company brought World
Class Technology of Superior Plastic Food Packaging Containers and Commodities,
Paving way for the Manufacture of Superior Food Packaging Plastic Containers,
which was High on Hygiene and Convenience. Furnished with Imported State-of-theart Machinery from GN, Plastics, Canada: a name of world repute in Plastic
Manufacturing Equipments. From Sourcing of Quality Raw Material, to the End
Product, our Products set a Bench Mark in Strength, Food-Grade Plastics and
Dimensional Accuracy of Containers.
The Plastic Industry India symbolizing a promising industry and at same time creating
new employment opportunities for the people. The per capita consumption of plastic
products in India is growing and is moving towards 8% GDP growth.

An Organizational Study on the Kalyx Plasti-Pack, Pappinisseri, Kannur

COMPANY PROFILE
THE KALYX PLASTI-PACK - A PROFILE
ORIGIN
Talash Plastopacks came into being in October 1995, in Kannur, Kerala. The
Company began the Modest operations with the Manufacturing of basic but Quality
Disposable Plastic Cups &. Plates at Affordable Prices. With the Growing Demand for
High Quality, Food Grade Plastic Containers, in 1997, the Company brought World
Class Technology of Superior Plastic Food Packaging Containers and Commodities.
Paving way for the Manufacture of Superior Plastic Food Packaging Containers,
which was high on Hygiene and Convenience, Furnished with Imported State of theart Machinery from GN, Plastics, Canada: a name of world repute in Plastic
Manufacturing Equipments. From Sourcing of Quality Raw Material, to the End
Product, our Products set a Bench Mark in Strength, Food-Grade Plastics and
Dimensional Accuracy of Containers.

GROWTH
With the steady and well Paced Growth of the company due to the growing demand
and efficient Production from the side of Talash Palstipaks the company further
Diversified and bean Kalyx

Plasti-Pack which Exclusively Manufactures Plastic

Packaging Commodities. Today, Kalyx Plasti-Pack is doing more than just Catering to
Food Packaging. We have the Expertise and the Technology thereof' to Manufacturing
Packaging Solutions for Electronic Component Manufacturing Units with Custom
Moulds made as per the Specific needs or each Customer.

An Organizational Study on the Kalyx Plasti-Pack, Pappinisseri, Kannur

EXPANSION
Kalyx Plasti-Pack is doing more than just catering to Food Packaging. They have the
Expertise and the Technology thereof to Manufacture Packaging Solutions

for

Electronic Component Manufacturing Units with Custom Moulds Custom Made to


Customer Specification,Kalyx Plasti-Pack Provides Engineering and Manufacturing
Services for Plastic Packaging as well as Custom Thermoformed items like
clamshells, Blister Packs, Trays and Filler Material. For over a decade Kalyx PlastiPack has been leading Manufacturer in Vacuum Forming, Thermoforming and
Pressure Forming. Kalyx

Plasti-Pack, are constantly Upgrading Technology and

Expertise to meet the Changing and Growing Demands of the Market to Manufacture
High Quality Food Grade Plastics at affordable and Sensible Prices R & D division
of Kalyx conceived the Manufacturing of a variety of Packaging Commodities out of
Polystyrene, Polypropylene, RP C sheets, HIPS.

MARKET
Due to high standard quality and variety of design maintained by the company, the
product of the company have found readily acceptance by a wide variety of industries
including Food Packaging, Catering Industry, Medical and the IT Industries, with
High Quality Products that are reasonably priced and delivered on time. The company
had succeeded in arranging the manufacture program on the basis of firms and dealers
order, which flow in regularly for all type of food packing and electronic packing
products. Kalyx, Fully Equipped for Prototypes or Production of many kinds of'
Pressure Formed Plastic Products.

QUALITY POLICY
Today, Kalyx Plasti-Pack Proudly Pronounces their Personal Commitment to
Understand, Meet and when Possible Exceed their customer Requirements through
Continuous improvement of Processes. Kalyx is dedicated to Delivering Defect-Free
Products on Time at the most Competitive Possible Prices. A name to Reckon with for
world class Plastic Packaging Commodities at Affordable Prices in a Variety of
Designs, no matter what your Products are, Kalvx Ensures Your Products, Better Shelf
life, High Visibility and Value for Money

An Organizational Study on the Kalyx Plasti-Pack, Pappinisseri, Kannur

CORPORATE RESPONSIBILITY
A Synonym for the Finest of Food grade and High Quality Plastic Packaging. Kalvx
P1asti-Pack has become a Name to Reckon with a highly Competitive Company with
a Corporate Responsibility of Ethical Business Practices and Eco- Friendliness. The
Company promotes the use of Recycling Plastics to Minimize the Hazards on the
Environment. With the Manufacturing of Top-Class Plastics we also promote the
Preservation of Natural Resources,

MANAGING DIRECTOR
B.P ABDUL GAFOOR

REGISTERED OFFICE
PAPPINISSERI
KANNUR, KERALA STATE

BANKERS
OVERSEAS BANK, SBI and AXIS

AUDITOR
MR.SURESH BABU
TALAP

An Organizational Study on the Kalyx Plasti-Pack, Pappinisseri, Kannur

PRODUCT PROFILE

The Kalyx deals with general food packing products like cups, glasses, containers and
specialty products.
CUPS AND GLASSES
50ml, 100ml, 130ml, 160ml, 200ml, 250ml, 300ml and 350ml.

CONTAINERS
8

An Organizational Study on the Kalyx Plasti-Pack, Pappinisseri, Kannur

250ml, 350ml, 500ml. 750ml, 800ml, 1000ml, and 1500ml.

An Organizational Study on the Kalyx Plasti-Pack, Pappinisseri, Kannur

SPECIALTY PRODUCTS

HANDLE CUP

BURGER TRAY

BREAKFAST TRACY

LUNCH TRAY

10

An Organizational Study on the Kalyx Plasti-Pack, Pappinisseri, Kannur

To meet the Specific feeds of Customers Kalvx produce different, variety of Design
Containers by using their House Mould/Tooling Facility.

Different varieties of designs are


CUPS
DESERT BOWL

TRAYS
BIRIYANI TRAY

CONTAINERS
BERRY BOX

CHUNTNEY CUP

BURGER TRAY

ICE-CREAM CUP

BREAKFASTTRAY

PASTRY BOX

HANDLE CUP

LUNCH TRAY

HINGEDPP-WHITE

SOUP BOWL
TUMBLER

11

SWEET CONTANIER

An Organizational Study on the Kalyx Plasti-Pack, Pappinisseri, Kannur

ORGANIZATION STRUCTURE

RESPONSIBILITY OF MANAGING DIRECTOR:


Defining the company's quality policy and ensuring that policy is implemented
Defining the overall objectives of the company.
RESPONSIBILITY OF EXECUTIVE MANAGER
In the absence of MD it is the responsibility of director to act on behalf and do all
the duties delegated by MD.
To coordinate with MD for all activities.
Customer complaints are analyzed and take corrective and preventive actions.
RESPONSIBILITY OF GENERAL MANAGER
Major quality complaints brought to his notice by production in charge are
verified and arrangements are made to prevent its occurrence in future.
Receiving of non conformity on raw materials and final product and disposal of
the same.
Ensure the customer complaints are delt.
To review commercial feasibility of contract.
RESPONSIBILITY OF ADMINISTRATIVE MANAGER
He is responsible for recruitment, training and retraining of personnel whose
performance effect quality.
Identifying the training needs for himself and for the staff
Establishing and maintain the records relating to finance.
Establishing and maintaining sales and purchase record.

12

An Organizational Study on the Kalyx Plasti-Pack, Pappinisseri, Kannur

KALYX PLASTI PACK


MANAGING DIRECTOR

ADMINISTRATIVE

PRODUCTION
DESIGN IN
CHARGE

PRODUCTION
PROCESS IN
CHARGE

13

PACKING
IN
CHARGE

ASSISTANT

STORE
IN
CHARGE
ASSISTANT

ASSISTANT

PURCHASE
IN CHARGE
ASSISTANT

SALES
IN
CHARGE
ASSISTANT

ASSISTANT

MERCHANDISE
IN CHARGE

HR
ASSISTANT

HR IN
CHARGE

FINANCE
IN CHARGE

DATA
PROCESSING
IN CHARGE
ASSISTANT

GENERAL MANAGER

ACCOUNTS
IN CHARGE

EXECUTIVE MANAGER

An Organizational Study on the Kalyx Plasti-Pack, Pappinisseri, Kannur

DEPARTMENTS
MERCHANDISING DEPARTMENT
Merchandise means goods and merchandising means a promotion of sale of goods.
Merchandising section of an export house dealing in plastic textile is the centre stage of all
the activities taking place in the organization relating to sale of the products manufactured
by them
In Kalyx the merchandising department is considered to be starting point for the smooth
functioning of all other department. Entire function of Kalyx depends upon this department.
This department enquiry from the customers and do the follow up function to deliver the
final product to the customers,

FUNCTIONS OF MERCHANDISING DEPARTMENT


Function or merchandising department begins with acceptance of liquid from the dealers or
customers enquiries are received mainly through e-mail, couriers etc. It contains information
regarding the product required by the customers. The merchandising department in
consultation with executive directors discuss about the enquiry.
If the cold tray specified by the dealer is not there in their hand they have to design and
develop new mold tray. So before developing, designer estimate the cost and send to
production in charge for cost analysis. Production in charge prepare cost sheet and arrives at
the total cost of producing one unit and inform the merchandising department and the
merchandising gives this details to the executive directors for adding the profit margin. The
merchandising department than quotes the maximum price and send it to the customer for
acceptance. In most cases there arises a bargaining between the company and the customer
and finally the price acceptable by both parties are fixed.
After Fixing the price acceptable by both the parties the customers send the confirmed order
sheet containing the details regarding the products like the quantity , delivery time , mode of
shipment ,terms of payments etc, to merchandise department . After receiving the order, the
department informs the production in charge about the customer in need and develops the
sample to meet the requirements,Merchandising department have to deliver they sample
produced by production in charge to the buying house for their order to get confirm.

14

An Organizational Study on the Kalyx Plasti-Pack, Pappinisseri, Kannur

After getting the sample approval by the customer merchandise informs the production
department to start their production.

FLOW CHART

DESIGN THE MASTER


FIGURE

MAKING THE MASTER


MOULD

FIRST BATCH SAMPLE

MASS PRODUCTION

RECORDS MAINTIANED BY MERCHANDISING DEPARTMENT


Enquiry
Contract review record
Merchandising report
Sample register

15

An Organizational Study on the Kalyx Plasti-Pack, Pappinisseri, Kannur

PRODUCTION DEPARTMENT
Production function is that part of an organization, which is considered with the
transformation of a range of inputs into the required outputs (products)having the requistic
quality level.
Kalyx Plasti-Pack Provides Engineering and manufacturing Services for Plastic Packaging as
well as Custom Thermoformed items like Clamshells, Blister Packs, Trays and Filler
Material. For over a decade Kalyx Plasti-Pack has been leading Manufacturer in Vaccum
Forming and Pressure forming. Production activity of Kalyx Company is controlled by
Production Manager.
Production team consists of following employees
Production Designer in charge
Production in charge
Production Assistant
AIM
Satisfy the customers
Maximum productivity
Minimize cost
Maximum utilization and Maximum sales return
RAW MATERIAL
Basic raw material used in kalvx are plastic granules and PVC sheets mainly used plastic
granules are PP (polypropylene), HIPS (high impact polystyrene) according to the customer
requirements.

16

An Organizational Study on the Kalyx Plasti-Pack, Pappinisseri, Kannur

FUNCTIONS OF PRODUCTION DEPARTMENT


PRODUCTION PLANNING
Production department has to plan and take decision regarding each and every step in
production process in order to meet the customer requirements,
Production planning functions performed in Kalyx is:
a) To analyze materials to be used
The first function is to determine which raw material to he used to meet the customer
requirements .POP should be used if the product should be pure white,
b) To select the mould tray
The second function is to select the mould tray according to design specified by the
customer.
Based on this they inform the production department to procure material to start production.

PRODUCTION PROCESS
Production process consist of two' to processes mainly extrusion process and Thermo
forming.
These processes ire briefly described as follows:
SHEET EXTRUSION PROCESS
Thermoplastic sheet can be manufactured by extrusion, calendaring or casting. Sheet
extrusion is a process whereby thermoplastic resin, usually in pellet form, is transformed into
roll or sheet. This is achieved by a combination of heat and pressure. Resin is fed into a sheet
extruder, where it is plasticized into a melt. The extruder, consisting of a heated barrel with an
internal rotating screw, pumps the melted resin into a fat sheet die, which sizes the sheet
(thickness and width). The sheet exits the die in a semi-viscous state and travels through a
series water-cooled rolls. The haul off equipment has to be designed so it does not distort the
sheet while it cools. With some materials such as polystyrene or polypropylene a series of
polishing rolls may also be used to produce sheet with a high gloss finish.

17

An Organizational Study on the Kalyx Plasti-Pack, Pappinisseri, Kannur

Extrusion Process

This diagram above shows a normal direct extrusion process. Plastic materials in the form of
granules and pallets are fed into the hopper which falls onto the extrusion screw. The screw
which turns inside the heated barrel conveys the plastics towards the die.
The plastic material is melted using external heat source and heat generated by fiction within,
the barrel, The screw moves the molten plastic until it exits through a hole at the end of the
barrel which has a die attached to it. The die imparts a shape onto the molten plastic which is
immediately cooled in a eater tank to solidify the plastic. Auxiliary equipment like Caterpillar
Roller is used to pull the part way from the extruder in a continuous flow. Final equipment is
installed at the end of the line to either coat-oil the parts at a specific length or to wind-up
(coil) the parts into rolls.
THERMOFORMING:
Thermoforming is the process of heating a sheet plastic in an oven to a specific
forming temperature, then removing it from the oven, sealing it around a mold, and applying
vacuum and/or pressure to cause the plastic to form and take on the shape of the mold. Once
cooled, it may be removed from the mold, and the process is repeated with the next sheet.
Only thermoplastics sheet can be processed by this method.

MOLD MAKING
18

An Organizational Study on the Kalyx Plasti-Pack, Pappinisseri, Kannur

1. DESIGN A MOLD
Molds are typically designed using a CAD software tool. The mold needs to meet specific
criteria, which allows the part to be formed correctly, and to be removed easily from the
mold. Typically, the material to be formed is also selected at this time, as characteristics of
the material will affect the design of the mold. Typical materials are ABS, Styrene, PETG,
Lexan, or Acrylic, to name a few.
2. CREATE THE MOLD
Typically, molds are machined using a CNC router, directly from the CAD design. Molds can
be made from a variety of materials, depending on the expected service life of the mold, and
other various requirements. Typical materials used for molds are flow or medium-density
board, aluminum, or other composites. While molds used for injection molding are typically
made of steel and are very expensive, thermoforming molds are far more economical.
3. FORM THE PART
Once the mold has been created, you're ready to form parts. This involves installing the mold,
and programming the thermoforming machine to the desired characteristics, such as oven
temperature and heating time. Then, a plastic sheet is placed into the oven and heated,
thermoforming process is carried on. Initial parts are carefully inspected to ensure that it is
formed cleanly and to specification.
The decision to use a positive mold or a negative mold depends on the shape of the part,
where tolerances are important, surface finish, mechanical requirements of the finished part,
and many other factors. With a positive mold, the plastic is stretched over the mold, and then
vacuum is applied to draw the plastic down onto the surprise of the mold, With a negative
mold, the plastic; is draw down into a cavity by the vacuum.

19

An Organizational Study on the Kalyx Plasti-Pack, Pappinisseri, Kannur

THERMOFORMING PROCESS
Thermoforming describes the process of heating a thermoplastic sheet to its softening point,
stretching it over or into a single-sided mold, and holding it ire place while it cools and
solidifies into the desired shape, The therrnerplastic sheet is clamped into a holding device
and heated by an oven using either convection or radiant heat until it is softened, The sheet is
them held horizontally over : mold and pressed into or stretched over the mold using vacuum
pressure, air pressure, or mechanical force. The softened sheet confirms to the shape of the
mold and is held in place until it cools. The excess material is then trimmed red away and the
f tined part is released, Excess material can be reground, mixed with unused plastic, and
reformed into thermoplastic sheets.
Thermoforming is commonly used for rood packaging, but has many applications from
plastic toys to aircraft windscreens to cafeteria trays. Thin-gauge (less than 0.060) sheets are
mostly used for rigid or disposable packaging.

20

An Organizational Study on the Kalyx Plasti-Pack, Pappinisseri, Kannur

PACKING
As a complete Packaging solutions provider Kalyx have machines needed in packing
operations. This includes products to close and seal the packaging, dispense different sort of
filling and systems to monitor product handling during transport. Kalyx covers the whole
spectrum of products from standard tapes to complex machinery for sealing boxes.
Kalyx also provides manual tools that improve handling and reduces noise in the packing
area. The finished products are now packed into boxes for transportation to the end customer.

RECYCLING
In industry there is a growing move towards move towards reuse and reprocessing of plastics
for economic, as well as environmental reasons ,with many praiseworthy examples of
companies developing technologies and strategies for recycling of plastics.
Thermoplastics composites have some advantage for recycling especially that they can be
reshaped upon heating .In addition, the approaches used for recycling themoset composites,
also apply to thermoplastic composites. As for thermoset composites, the composite is
generally ground to smaller fragments for subsequent recycling process more difficult
requiring more powerful mills and cutters.

21

An Organizational Study on the Kalyx Plasti-Pack, Pappinisseri, Kannur

PURCHASE AND STORES DEPARTMENT


Functions of purchase in charge purchase
Purchase procedure
Functions of store

PURCHASE DEPARTMENT
Purchasing department plays a very important role in an organization because purchasing has
its effect on every vital factor concerning the manufacturer, quality, cost efficiency and
prompt delivery of goods m its consumers.
In Kalyx plasti-pack the purchase department conies under supervision of purchase in charge,
support by purchase assistants.

FUNCTIONS OF PURCHASE IN CHARGE


Purchase all items
Maintaining and updating a register or acceptable supplies
Suppliers record maintenance

PURCHASE PROCEDURE
The purchase procedure of firm is given below.
Receiving purchase requisition
The purchase department will initiate to purchase material only after receiving a purchase
requisition. This serves as documentary evidence and a record of purchase. It contains
particular of description of materials date by which materials are required. Requirement
orders are sent by the production department for items like PVC sheet. POP. PP etc. These are
to be approved by the managing director.

22

An Organizational Study on the Kalyx Plasti-Pack, Pappinisseri, Kannur

Inviting tenders and quotations


Generally the purchase department maintains a list of suppliers for every type of materials.
Enquires are sent to the suppliers to Spicer the requirements of the material and also the
quantity required samples, specification and other technical details.
Selecting the suppliers
On receipt of quotations a competitive statement or all quotation received is prepared to know
the lowest price quotation. Quotations recovered per supplier are clubbed together and the
last is selected.
Placing Purchase order
After selecting the suppliers, an order for purchase is placed. The purchase order is issued to
recommend- Suppliers according to orders No taken from register. Purchase order contains
information regarding name and address of purchaser supplier. quantity required.
Receiving of materials
The receiving and inspection of material is entrusted to the storekeeper. As soon as the
material is received it is checked C or quality and quantity .The Kalvx purchase only those
materials which contains quality test certified.
Inspection of materials
The quality sin and quality size and quantity accepted and rejected for materials purchased. 1
f the quality and specification are approved) by the checking authority than invoice is kept in
stores by signing stores management.
Checking the in rice and making payment
This is the last step in purchase procedure. Generally the suppliers send an invoice in respect
of material supplied. It contain details regarding materials supplied and amount to be paid for
it.

23

An Organizational Study on the Kalyx Plasti-Pack, Pappinisseri, Kannur

STORES DEPARTMENT
In Kalyx plastic- pack the stores department come under the supervision of stores. in charge,
supported by stores assistants. The main functions of the stores is to keep all the materials
purchased in a properly and orderly manner and to release the same as and when required by
other department for production process. Thus the main duly of stores in charge is to have a
proper and effective control over all the materials at the time of acceptance and release. To
meet their purpose the stores department have proper record of all the materials in the stores.

FUNCTIONS OF STORES
1. Receipt of materials
Store department undertake stores or materials to be received by means of a copy of invoice.
Materials received are too totaled a against invoice in terms of quality and specifications.
The department which has asked for the items is intimated along the material. Accepted
material is entered into store register. In case of any g d defects in the good received. Stores
department informs the save to the purchase department and steps are taken to return the
goods. They also prepare delete note for the value of the goods returned and inform accounts
department to pass necessary entries, Monthly 640 bags of POP, PP are received in Kalvx and
vary on basis of demand.
2. Storage of materials
Materials are stored in racks with approximate code number. The last years items are
department on top and current entries are on corner racks. The sheets which are directly
purchased are kept in stores floor.
a. Issues of material
The accepted materials are used only against the seep while receiving the, material, the
receiving personal must acknowledge the receipt. The stores personnel counter signs the step
and envies are made in the store register to monitor the stores on the last day or each month,
stock of all the items in the stores are prepared and a report on the same is submitted to the
manager.

24

An Organizational Study on the Kalyx Plasti-Pack, Pappinisseri, Kannur

PERSONNEL DEPARTMENT
Human resource is the most important asset of an organization. Organizational performance
depends upon the individual performance. An enterprise in its most basic form is an
assemblage of human beings binding together for mutual benefits. Consequently and
inevitable, therefore the enterprise is made or unmade by the quality and behaviour of its
people. The distinguishing factor of an enterprise is irrefutably, the ability of its human
resource to face up to challenges and its vast potential to deliver required results. For all other
resources, whether land or capital to be effectively utilized, it is the human resources, which
have to be properly and adequately actuated. The human resource approach is developmental.
Based on the perception that people are the central resources in any organization and in any
society. It concerns itself with the growth and betterment of employees towards higher levels
of capabilities, productivity and satisfaction.
"Human Resource Management is the systematic control of a network of interrelated
processes affecting and all members of organization"
There are certain fundamental principles based on this.
Human resource is the most important assets an organization has and there effective
management is key to its success.
This success is most likely to be achieved if the personnel policies and procedures of the
enterprise are closely linked with and make a major contribution.
The role of management is to integrate the various component of the firm and prevent
fragmentation and needless specialization in division of labour.
Personnel department comes under the authority of Administrative manager.
The major function of personnel department of kalyx discharge as follows:
a) Wages and salary administration
b) Disciplinary action
c) P.F Pension, E.S.I Benefit
d) Leave holiday

25

An Organizational Study on the Kalyx Plasti-Pack, Pappinisseri, Kannur

e) Training of employees
f) Placement of new employees
g) Performance improvement
There are no trade unions in this company. But if the workers have any problem they can
inform the management with the help of general manager and with conservation with one
another they will find solution. It is noted that there has not been any strike in this company,
as workers are also given an opportunity to handle almost all the decisions, job rotation are
done in Kalyx once in a year.

WELFARE ACTIVITIES
The workers are also entitled to many other benefits like ESI, PF, Festival and travelling
allowances. To the company constitutes 4.75% and the workers contribute 1.75%. To PF both
workers and company constitute 12% of the salary. 19% bonus was given last year during
onam and ramzan.

LEAVE
For 1 Month

1 casual leave is given

1 Year

15 leave

National Holidays

15 day.

Special Leave

Ramazan 17 & 27,Onam and Christmas

SHIFT TIMINGS
The production is done in three shifts of eight hours each. The shift timings there are as
follows:
1st Shift

7.30 am to 4.00 pm

2nd Shift

4.00pm to 12.00pm

3rd Shift

12:00 am to 8:00 am

26

An Organizational Study on the Kalyx Plasti-Pack, Pappinisseri, Kannur

During 1st shift there are mainly 25-30 employees are working, and 6-7 employees are
working during 2nd and 3rd shift.

PAYMENT OF WAGES
Workers are paid basic wages on monthly basis. 250 rupees is given for travelling
allowances.

RECRUITMENT
Company mainly adopts the gate interview. The applicant can directly come to the
organization for searching job. If the company has any vacancies they select the employees
looking their qualification. .
Child labour is strictly prohibited.The person who completed 18 years has only the right to
work in Kalyx.

NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES: 27
Manager (1)
Machine operator (1)
Assistant operator (1)
Packing workers (2)
Helpers (18 )
Sheet line helper (1)
Electrician (1)
Data entry operator (1)
Watchman( 1 )

27

An Organizational Study on the Kalyx Plasti-Pack, Pappinisseri, Kannur

FINANCIAL INCENTIVES
P.F
E. .I BENEFIT
Death fund
Medical benefit

OTHER FACILITIES
Company vehicle is provided to the workers. When there is overtime work the employees
are paid more.
Safety measure
Fire extinguisher
Glouse

28

An Organizational Study on the Kalyx Plasti-Pack, Pappinisseri, Kannur

FINANCE DEPARTMENT
Finance is the life blood of any business without which it cannot function. This department is
concerned with planning, organizing, directing and controlling financial activities like
procurement and utilization of funds in an enterprise: Financial management is an integral
part of business administration and rank equally in importance with other key result area such
as production and marketing .It is the area of business management devoted to judicious use
of capital and careful selection of sources of capital.In order to enable a business firm to earn
more in the direction of reaching its goal. Business finance deals primarily with raising,
administering and disturbing funds by privately owned business units operating in nonfinancial fields operating non-financial fields of industry.
An informed and enlightened use of financial information is necessary for the purpose or
coordinating the activities of an enterprise. Every business irrespective of its size should
have a financial manager who takes key decision 0 the allocation and use or money by
various departments . Finance is required at different stages of business beginning from its
formation, expansion extending up to its winding up, It is required by ever business concern
irrespective of its nature like trade manufacturing or services.The success of every business
depends upon the way in which the required funds are arranged at the right time, in the right
quantity from the right source and a least cost.

OBJECTIVES
Ever business enterprise attempts to sustain itself and grow in highly competitive
environment this calls for sound decision making specifically when it comes to decision
pertaining to finance as all other decisions have a financial impact. The objectives of financial
management should thus be supportive in the entire decision making process.
In Kalyx finance department main objective is to control finance and to attain this objective
they perform various activities like analyzing and forecasting financial needs, managing
working capital, planning the capital structure etc.

29

An Organizational Study on the Kalyx Plasti-Pack, Pappinisseri, Kannur

FUNCTIONS
The main function is to analyze whether the company has the fluid to meet their day to day
requirements for this purpose they study the bank accounts daily and depending upon the
availability daily and depending upon the availability of the fund.

SOURCES OF FUND
After determining the level of working capital on the basis of various determinants, the next
step is to consider how it will be financed. A large concern for this purpose may procure
funds from various sources to meet its requirements from time to time. The sources can be
classified into internal as well as external
For Kalyx internal sources are partners capital and taking loan from bank is considered as
external sources.

ACCOUNTS
Account section of Kalyx is supervised by a qualified accountant named Mr.Suresh Babu
who has very good knowledge in accounting in accounting, income tax and sales tax matters.
Books of accounts and financial statements of company is prepared by accounts departments
are audited by professional auditors.
Functions of accounts section include:
Scrutinizing all the vouchers originating from all the department and entrusting the work
to accounts assistants to plan necessary entries in the books of accounts.
Verification of the bank statements and conform the accuracy of the entries operating
there
Checking of all entries in the computer
Preparation and submission of monthly statements such as stock statements, sales tax
statements to the concern department in time.
Scrutiny of reconciliation statement of bank and follow up if long outstanding entries
appearing there in
Preparation of profit and loss appropriation account.
30

An Organizational Study on the Kalyx Plasti-Pack, Pappinisseri, Kannur

Preparation of trail balance, list of sundry debtors and creditors on last date of every
month.
Discussion on payment to be made to sundry creditors with administrative manage and
its implementation.

31

An Organizational Study on the Kalyx Plasti-Pack, Pappinisseri, Kannur

SWOT ANALYSIS

STRENGTH
Strong employees
Quality controlled products
Recyclable material
Easily sold

WEAKNESS
No canteen facilities
Different to print or decorate label

OPPORTUNITIES
Rapid development
Recycle network being considered

THREAT
Availability of plastic crates
Raw materials price fluctuations

32

An Organizational Study on the Kalyx Plasti-Pack, Pappinisseri, Kannur

CONCLUSION

This study has offered an excellent opportunity to know in detail the functioning of Kalyx
plastic based company. This various departments and its processes where studies in details,
giving a rear hand experience of running a plastic company. All facts of the industrial
working including processes, policies, people and product where effectively studied.
The potential Indian caret has motivated Indian entrepreneurs to acquire technical expertise,
achieve high quality standards and build capacities in various facets of the booming plastic
industry. Phenomenal developments in the plastic machinery sector coupled with matching
developments in the petrochemical sector, both of which support the plastic processing sector,
have facilitated the plastic processors to build capacities to service both the domestic market
and the markets in the overseas.
Talash Plastopacks Came into being in October 1995, in Kannur, Kerala. The Company
began the Modest Operations with the Manufacturing of basic but Quality Disposable Plastic
Cups & Plates at Affordable Prices. With the Growing Demand for High Quality, Food Grade
Plastic Containers, in 1997, the Company brought World Class Technology of Superior
Plastic Food Packaging Containers and Commodities, Paving way for the Manufacture of
Superior Food Packaging Plastic Containers, which was High on Hygiene and Convenience.
Furnished with Imported State-of-the-art Machinery from GN, Plastics, Canada: a name of
world repute in Plastic Manufacturing Equipments. From Sourcing of Quality Raw Material,
to the End Product, our Products set a Bench Mark in Strength, Food-Grade Plastics and
Dimensional Accuracy of Containers.
From the study conducted some recommendations are could forwarded with respect to the
finding made by the observer.The organization study at Kalyx Plasti-Pack makes an attempt
to understand the plastic industry in general and the Kalyx Plasti-Pack, Kannur in particular.
Hence, the study becomes significant for further references in future.

33

An Organizational Study on the Kalyx Plasti-Pack, Pappinisseri, Kannur

FINDINGS AND SUGGESTIONS


FINDINGS
Following are the findings bades on the study;
The company does not concentrate on international market directly.
Their sales are done only through dealer
In Kalvx three managers to deal the entire rim
There has not been any strike in the company
They have no much competitors in Kerala
In Kannur it is the only company which is dealing with wide variety of designs in cups
trays and containers
The canteen facility are not provided to the employees

SUGGESTIONS
Based on the study conducted the following recommendation are put forward
The company should constantly innovate in terms of' their products and designs to delight
their customers and surpass competition
The Kalyx should exploit the international market where they have tremendous
competition
The company should take initiative to provide good canteen facility to their workers.
Recreational facilities should be provided to the employees of the company as it will be
added advantages to employees
Company should use more marketing and promotional technique for capturing the
customers.
34