Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 28

The Cost of Maintaining Thermal Protection Systems

The Cost of Maintaining Thermal Protection Systems Frank E. Jones NASA-KSC July 1999
The Cost of Maintaining Thermal Protection Systems Frank E. Jones NASA-KSC July 1999

Frank E. Jones

NASA-KSC

July 1999

Agenda  Background  Design Overview  Maintenance Drivers  Factors Affecting Cost  Materials 

Agenda

Agenda  Background  Design Overview  Maintenance Drivers  Factors Affecting Cost  Materials 
Agenda  Background  Design Overview  Maintenance Drivers  Factors Affecting Cost  Materials 
  • Background

    • Design Overview

    • Maintenance Drivers

  • Factors Affecting Cost

    • Materials

    • Access

    • Touch Time Labor

    • Costs per TPS Type

    • Off Line Support

  • Improvements To Reduce Cost

    • Presently In-work

    • Future Necessities

  • Beyond Shuttle

  • TPS Surfaces Lower Surface Upper Surface TPS Legend HRSI (Black) Tiles LRSI (White) Tiles AFRSI Blankets

    TPS Surfaces

    TPS Surfaces Lower Surface Upper Surface TPS Legend HRSI (Black) Tiles LRSI (White) Tiles AFRSI Blankets
    TPS Surfaces Lower Surface Upper Surface TPS Legend HRSI (Black) Tiles LRSI (White) Tiles AFRSI Blankets

    Lower Surface

    Upper Surface

    TPS Legend HRSI (Black) Tiles LRSI (White) Tiles AFRSI Blankets FRSI RCC Glass Exposed Metallic Surfaces
    TPS Legend
    HRSI (Black) Tiles
    LRSI (White) Tiles
    AFRSI Blankets
    FRSI
    RCC
    Glass
    Exposed Metallic Surfaces
    Tile Configuration HRSI Tiles - Black RCG Coating Gap Step SIP Filler Bar Coating Terminator LRSI

    Tile Configuration

    Tile Configuration HRSI Tiles - Black RCG Coating Gap Step SIP Filler Bar Coating Terminator LRSI
    Tile Configuration HRSI Tiles - Black RCG Coating Gap Step SIP Filler Bar Coating Terminator LRSI

    HRSI Tiles - Black RCG Coating

    Gap Step SIP Filler Bar Coating Terminator
    Gap
    Step
    SIP
    Filler Bar
    Coating Terminator

    LRSI Tile White Glass Coating

    Densified IML Surface

    Koropon-Primed

    Structure

    Silicone RTV Adhesive

    Uncoated Tile

    Fibrous Insulation Blankets A Quartz OML Fabric Quartz OML Thread A RTV Transfer Coated Surface on

    Fibrous Insulation Blankets

    Fibrous Insulation Blankets A Quartz OML Fabric Quartz OML Thread A RTV Transfer Coated Surface on
    Fibrous Insulation Blankets A Quartz OML Fabric Quartz OML Thread A RTV Transfer Coated Surface on

    A

    Quartz

    OML Fabric

    Quartz

    OML

    Thread

    A

     

    RTV Transfer Coated Surface on IML

    Quartz Batting

    OML

    Thread

    B

    B

    D

     

    View B-B

    OML Fabric

    C

    C

    D

    OML

    Thread

    Folded Over

    Glass IML

    To IML and

    Section A-A

    Fabric

    IML

    Stitched

    Thread

    Through Thickness

    View C-C

    OML Thread

    OML Thread

     

    OML

    Batting

    Fabric

     

    IML Fabric

     

    IML

    fabric

     

    Glass IML

    IML Thread

    E

    Thread

    Section D-D

     

    Detail E

    5

    Leading Edge RCC Fixed Upstream Gap Between Panel and Tee Seal E A A Variable Downstream

    Leading Edge RCC

    Leading Edge RCC Fixed Upstream Gap Between Panel and Tee Seal E A A Variable Downstream
    Leading Edge RCC Fixed Upstream Gap Between Panel and Tee Seal E A A Variable Downstream

    Fixed Upstream Gap Between Panel and Tee Seal

    E

    A

    A

    Variable Downstream Gap Between Panel and Tee

    Seal For Thermal Expansion

    Allowance

    Leading Edge RCC Fixed Upstream Gap Between Panel and Tee Seal E A A Variable Downstream

    E

    HRSI Tiles

    Section A-A

    B

    Interface Gap

    Detail D

    B

    Between

    RCC and

    HRSI Tiles

    Section B-B

    Upper LESS Access Panel HRSI Tiles Upper Wing AFRSI Thermal Barrier I nconel Attachments ACSS Hardware
    Upper LESS
    Access Panel
    HRSI Tiles
    Upper Wing AFRSI
    Thermal Barrier
    I nconel
    Attachments
    ACSS Hardware

    Wing Spar

    • D RCC Tee Seal Web (In Background)

    Section C-C

    C

    Upper

    Left

    Wing

    C

     
    I nconel

    I nconel

    RCC Panel

    Insulators

    (In Foreground)

    Horsecollar Peripheral Gap Filler

    Leading Edge RCC Fixed Upstream Gap Between Panel and Tee Seal E A A Variable Downstream

    Lower Wing HRSI Tile

    • Lower LESS Access

    Section E-E

    Panel HRSI Tile

    6

    Gap Fillers Nextel Ceramic Fabric Saffil Alumina Batting Inconel Foil Pillow or Pad Type Pillow With

    Gap Fillers

    Gap Fillers Nextel Ceramic Fabric Saffil Alumina Batting Inconel Foil Pillow or Pad Type Pillow With
    Gap Fillers Nextel Ceramic Fabric Saffil Alumina Batting Inconel Foil Pillow or Pad Type Pillow With
    Nextel Ceramic Fabric Saffil Alumina Batting Inconel Foil Pillow or Pad Type Pillow With Sleeving Nextel
    Nextel Ceramic Fabric
    Saffil Alumina
    Batting
    Inconel Foil
    Pillow or Pad Type
    Pillow With Sleeving
    Nextel Ceramic
    Fabric
    Saffil Alumina
    Batting
    Inconel Foil
    Pillow Captive Type
    (Single Lip)
    Ames Type

    Nextel Sleeving Nextel Ceramic Fabric

    Saffil Alumina Batting

    Inconel Foil

    Nextel Ceramic Fabric

    Saffil Alumina Batting

    Nextel Ceramic Sleeving

    Inconel Foil

    Pillow Captive Type (Double Lip)

    RTV or Ceramic Coated Nextel Fabric

    7

    Thermal Barrier & Seal Locations Thermal Barriers Nose Landing Gear Door Main Landing Gear Doors FRCS

    Thermal Barrier & Seal Locations

    Thermal Barrier & Seal Locations Thermal Barriers Nose Landing Gear Door Main Landing Gear Doors FRCS
    Thermal Barrier & Seal Locations Thermal Barriers Nose Landing Gear Door Main Landing Gear Doors FRCS

    Thermal Barriers

    • 1 Nose Landing Gear Door Main Landing Gear Doors

    • 2 FRCS Module/Fuselage Interface

    • 3 Forward RCS Thrusters

    • 4 Crew Hatch

    • 5 Vent Doors

    6

    • 11 Rudder Speed Brake Split Line

    • 10 OMS Pod RCS Thrusters

      • 9 OMS Pod/Fuselage Interface

      • 8 Vertical Stabilizer/Fuselage Interface

      • 7 External Tank Doors

    Aerothermal Seals

    A

    Wing/Elevon Aft Fuselage/Body Flap

    B

    • C Vertical Stabilizer/Rudder Speed Brake

    • D Payload Bay Door Expansion Joints Payload Bay Door Hinge Covers

    E

    Thermal Barrier & Seal Locations Thermal Barriers Nose Landing Gear Door Main Landing Gear Doors FRCS
    Typical Thermal Barrier Typical Thermal Barrier Detail Main Landing Gear Door Thermal Barrier Nextel Sleeving Nextel

    Typical Thermal Barrier

    Typical Thermal Barrier Typical Thermal Barrier Detail Main Landing Gear Door Thermal Barrier Nextel Sleeving Nextel
    Typical Thermal Barrier Typical Thermal Barrier Detail Main Landing Gear Door Thermal Barrier Nextel Sleeving Nextel
    Typical Thermal Barrier Detail
    Typical Thermal Barrier Detail

    Main Landing Gear Door Thermal Barrier

    Nextel Sleeving

    Nextel Fabric

    Inconel Spring Tube RTV-Stiffened Fabric Tail

    Thermal Barrier Support

    Thermal Barrier Carrier Plate

    Structure Side Tile Thermal Barrier

    Main landing Gear Door Side Tile

    Elevon Cove Seal Upper Wing TPS Flipper Door Flipper Door Seal Uncoated AFRSI Blankets Hinge Pins

    Elevon Cove Seal

    Elevon Cove Seal Upper Wing TPS Flipper Door Flipper Door Seal Uncoated AFRSI Blankets Hinge Pins
    Elevon Cove Seal Upper Wing TPS Flipper Door Flipper Door Seal Uncoated AFRSI Blankets Hinge Pins
    Upper Wing TPS Flipper Door Flipper Door Seal Uncoated AFRSI Blankets Hinge Pins Lower Wing TPS
    Upper Wing TPS
    Flipper
    Door
    Flipper Door Seal
    Uncoated AFRSI
    Blankets
    Hinge
    Pins
    Lower Wing TPS
    Lower Elevon
    TPS
    Pillow Gap Filler
    Spanwise Polyimide
    0.5”
    Primary Seal
    Gap
    HRSI
    Tiles

    Elevon Rub Panel

    Elevon Rub Tube

    1

    Orbiter TPS Average tiles damaged from flight requiring replacement ~20 Average tiles replaced per flow ~75

    Orbiter TPS

    Orbiter TPS Average tiles damaged from flight requiring replacement ~20 Average tiles replaced per flow ~75
    Orbiter TPS Average tiles damaged from flight requiring replacement ~20 Average tiles replaced per flow ~75

    Average tiles damaged from flight requiring replacement

    ~20

    Average tiles replaced per flow

    ~75

    HRSI tiles on the Orbiter TUFI tiles on the Orbiter FRCI tiles on the Orbiter LRSI tiles on the Orbiter FIB blanket area on the Orbiter FRSI sheet area on the Orbiter

    ~19,700 (9 lb), 525 (22 lb) 306 (8 lb) 2,950 (12 lb) 725 (9 lb), 77 (12 lb) 2,123 sq ft 2,024 sq ft

    1

    Flight Damage History OV-103 AVERAGE 30.7 158.5 FLEET AVERAGE 31.1 149.2 50 182 25 STS-48/FLT13 237

    Flight Damage History

    Flight Damage History OV-103 AVERAGE 30.7 158.5 FLEET AVERAGE 31.1 149.2 50 182 25 STS-48/FLT13 237
    Flight Damage History OV-103 AVERAGE 30.7 158.5 FLEET AVERAGE 31.1 149.2 50 182 25 STS-48/FLT13 237
    Flight Damage History OV-103 AVERAGE 30.7 158.5 FLEET AVERAGE 31.1 149.2 50 182 25 STS-48/FLT13 237

    OV-103 AVERAGE

    30.7

    158.5

    FLEET AVERAGE

    31.1

    149.2

    50 182 25 STS-48/FLT13 237 STS-91/FLT24 187 45 STS-95/FLT25 198 STS-42/FLT14 14 102 6 STS-85/FLT23 103
    50
    182
    25
    STS-48/FLT13
    237
    STS-91/FLT24
    187
    45
    STS-95/FLT25
    198
    STS-42/FLT14
    14
    102
    6
    STS-85/FLT23
    103
    18
    STS-82/FLT22
    127
    9
    18
    STS-56/FLT16
    STS-63/FLT20
    150
    19
    STS-64/FLT19
    106
    15
    STS-60/FLT18
    154
    STS-70/FLT21
    STS-51/FLT17
    156
    36
    125
    240
    23
    STS-53/FLT15
    209
    44
    16
    16
    STS-41/FLT11
    63
    14
    STS-31R/FLT10
    118
    21
    STS-33R/FLT9
    132
    76
    STS-29R/FLT8
    411
    55
    STS-26R/FLT7
    141
    33
    STS-51I/FLT6
    315
    144
    STS-51A/FLT2
    STS-39/FLT12
    TOTAL IMPACTS
    46
    STS-51D/FLT4
    81
    28
    STS-51C/FLT3
    87
    20
    STS-51G/FLT5
    111
    30
    STS-41D/FL1
    152
    IMPACTS > 1"
    MISSION
    23

    1

    Materials Cost Raw Materials* Tile PU’s Consumables Total $200k / Flight $137k / Flight $ 10k

    Materials Cost

    Materials Cost Raw Materials* Tile PU’s Consumables Total $200k / Flight $137k / Flight $ 10k
    Materials Cost Raw Materials* Tile PU’s Consumables Total $200k / Flight $137k / Flight $ 10k
    Materials Cost Raw Materials* Tile PU’s Consumables Total $200k / Flight $137k / Flight $ 10k

    Raw Materials*

    Tile PU’s

    Consumables

    Total

    $200k / Flight

    $137k / Flight

    $ 10k / Flight

    $347k / Flight

    Materials Cost Raw Materials* Tile PU’s Consumables Total $200k / Flight $137k / Flight $ 10k

    * TPSF = RTV’S, Threads, Fabrics, Coatings, etc.

    1

    Work Access 1 4

    Work Access

    Work Access 1 4
    Work Access 1 4
    Work Access 1 4

    1

    Causes for R&R Out-of-Tolerance 6.34% Ground Handling Access 5.63% 21.83% Flight 33.80% Modification 32.39% 1 5

    Causes for R&R

    Causes for R&R Out-of-Tolerance 6.34% Ground Handling Access 5.63% 21.83% Flight 33.80% Modification 32.39% 1 5
    Causes for R&R Out-of-Tolerance 6.34% Ground Handling Access 5.63% 21.83% Flight 33.80% Modification 32.39% 1 5

    Out-of-Tolerance

    6.34%

    Ground Handling Access 5.63% 21.83% Flight 33.80% Modification 32.39%
    Ground Handling
    Access
    5.63%
    21.83%
    Flight
    33.80%
    Modification
    32.39%

    1

    TPS Discrepancies FRSI, Filler Bar, and All Others 3.56% Gap Fillers, Thermal Barriers, and O/T Conditions

    TPS Discrepancies

    TPS Discrepancies FRSI, Filler Bar, and All Others 3.56% Gap Fillers, Thermal Barriers, and O/T Conditions
    TPS Discrepancies FRSI, Filler Bar, and All Others 3.56% Gap Fillers, Thermal Barriers, and O/T Conditions
    FRSI, Filler Bar, and All Others 3.56% Gap Fillers, Thermal Barriers, and O/T Conditions 16.30% FI
    FRSI, Filler Bar,
    and All Others
    3.56%
    Gap Fillers,
    Thermal Barriers,
    and O/T Conditions
    16.30%
    FI Blankets 3.50%
    Re Water
    Proofing
    2.88%
    RSI Tiles
    73.75%

    1

    Work Load for Component R&R Complex AFRSI 0.72% Tile Reinstallation 4.18% Simple AFRSI 3.85% Simple Splash

    Work Load for Component R&R

    Work Load for Component R&R Complex AFRSI 0.72% Tile Reinstallation 4.18% Simple AFRSI 3.85% Simple Splash
    Work Load for Component R&R Complex AFRSI 0.72% Tile Reinstallation 4.18% Simple AFRSI 3.85% Simple Splash
    Complex AFRSI 0.72% Tile Reinstallation 4.18% Simple AFRSI 3.85% Simple Splash Tile 22.96% Complex NC 25.29%
    Complex AFRSI 0.72%
    Tile Reinstallation 4.18%
    Simple AFRSI 3.85%
    Simple Splash
    Tile
    22.96%
    Complex NC
    25.29%
    FRSI 0.20%
    Complex Splash
    Tile 7.79%
    Simple NC
    Tile
    35.02%

    1

    • 75
      100

      • 125
        150

    175

    50

    • 0
      25

    75 100 125 150 175 50 0 25 Labor Hours per Type Simple NC Tile Complex

    Labor Hours per Type

    75 100 125 150 175 50 0 25 Labor Hours per Type Simple NC Tile Complex
    75 100 125 150 175 50 0 25 Labor Hours per Type Simple NC Tile Complex

    Simple NC Tile

    Complex NC Tile

    No Rework NC Tile

    Reinstall Tile

    FRSI

    Simple FI Blanket

    Complex FI Blanket

    Row Time

    Touch Labor

    Row Time Touch Labor
    Row Time Touch Labor
    Row Time Touch Labor
    Row Time Touch Labor
    Row Time Touch Labor
    Row Time Touch Labor
    Row Time Touch Labor
    Row Time Touch Labor
    Row Time Touch Labor
    Row Time Touch Labor
    Row Time Touch Labor
    Row Time Touch Labor

    1

    Tech Labor Breakdown MDR Repairs ML0601-9024 Rework 4.41% Re water Proofing 2.88% 14.27% ML0601 Repairs 10.71%

    Tech Labor Breakdown

    Tech Labor Breakdown MDR Repairs ML0601-9024 Rework 4.41% Re water Proofing 2.88% 14.27% ML0601 Repairs 10.71%
    Tech Labor Breakdown MDR Repairs ML0601-9024 Rework 4.41% Re water Proofing 2.88% 14.27% ML0601 Repairs 10.71%
    MDR Repairs ML0601-9024 Rework 4.41% Re water Proofing 2.88% 14.27% ML0601 Repairs 10.71% ML0601-9025 Repairs 12.03%
    MDR Repairs
    ML0601-9024 Rework 4.41%
    Re water Proofing 2.88%
    14.27%
    ML0601
    Repairs
    10.71%
    ML0601-9025
    Repairs
    12.03%
    Removals &
    Replacements
    55.70%

    1

    Labor Touch Time per TPS Type • Tile = 2.27 hours/sq.ft. • FIB = 0.16 hours/sq.ft.

    Labor Touch Time per TPS Type

    Labor Touch Time per TPS Type • Tile = 2.27 hours/sq.ft. • FIB = 0.16 hours/sq.ft.
    Labor Touch Time per TPS Type • Tile = 2.27 hours/sq.ft. • FIB = 0.16 hours/sq.ft.

    Tile

    = 2.27 hours/sq.ft.

    FIB

    = 0.16 hours/sq.ft.

    FRSI

    = 0.02 hours/sq.ft.

    ET SOFI

    = 0.70 hours/sq.ft.

    2

    Discipline Comparison Operations 8% Quality Assurance 15% Logistics 3% Engineering 18% Maintenance Technicians 37% Manufacturing Technicians

    Discipline Comparison

    Discipline Comparison Operations 8% Quality Assurance 15% Logistics 3% Engineering 18% Maintenance Technicians 37% Manufacturing Technicians
    Discipline Comparison Operations 8% Quality Assurance 15% Logistics 3% Engineering 18% Maintenance Technicians 37% Manufacturing Technicians

    Operations 8%

    Quality Assurance

    15%

    Discipline Comparison Operations 8% Quality Assurance 15% Logistics 3% Engineering 18% Maintenance Technicians 37% Manufacturing Technicians

    Logistics 3%

    Engineering

    18%

    Maintenance Technicians

    37%

    Manufacturing Technicians

    19%

    2

    Orbiter Processing at KSC 2 2

    Orbiter Processing at KSC

    Orbiter Processing at KSC 2 2
    Orbiter Processing at KSC 2 2
    Orbiter Processing at KSC 2 2

    2

    2

    OPF Processing Orbiter Landing at KSC, Tow to OPF, Jack and Level PLBD Strong back Installation,

    OPF Processing

    OPF Processing Orbiter Landing at KSC, Tow to OPF, Jack and Level PLBD Strong back Installation,
    OPF Processing Orbiter Landing at KSC, Tow to OPF, Jack and Level PLBD Strong back Installation,
    Orbiter Landing at KSC, Tow to OPF, Jack and Level PLBD Strong back Installation, PLBD Open
    Orbiter Landing at KSC, Tow to OPF, Jack and Level
    PLBD Strong back Installation, PLBD Open Up
    TPS Post Flight Inspection
    TPS Waterproofing
    TPS Processing
    Payload Removal
    Payload Bay Reconfiguration
    FRCS Functional
    SSME Heat Shield Removal
    SSME Removal
    OMS Pod Functional
    Hydraulic System Fill and Bleed Removal Aerosurfaces
    Fuel Cell Voltage Test
    Payload Premate Testing
    Drag Chute Installation
    APU Servicing and Checkout
    Payload Bay Cleaning
    Payload Installation
    SSME Installation
    All Closeouts
    Final Payload Bay Cleaning
    TPS Operations
    SSME/MPS Ops
    ET Door Functional
    Payload Ops
    SSME Heat Shield Installation
    Vehicle Ops
    MPS/ SSME Integration
    TPS Rollout Inspection
    Landing Gear Door Functional
    1 Week
    PLBD Closure
    Orbiter Jack Down, WT & cg, OTV OPS
    Orbiter Power Down
    Roll Out VAB

    2

    TPS Workforce BNA-Downey USA-JSC / BNA-Houston NASA-JSC USA TPSF Logistics BNA TPSF Orbiter Engineering USA TPSF

    TPS Workforce

    TPS Workforce BNA-Downey USA-JSC / BNA-Houston NASA-JSC USA TPSF Logistics BNA TPSF Orbiter Engineering USA TPSF
    TPS Workforce BNA-Downey USA-JSC / BNA-Houston NASA-JSC USA TPSF Logistics BNA TPSF Orbiter Engineering USA TPSF

    BNA-Downey

    USA-JSC / BNA-Houston

    NASA-JSC

    USA TPSF Logistics

    BNA TPSF Orbiter Engineering

    USA TPSF Support Personnel

    USA TPSF Manufacturing Eng.

    USA TPSF Quality assurance

    USA TPSF Tecnicians

    BNA TPS Orbiter Engineering

    NASA Operations and Logistics

    NASA Quality Assurance (TPS Dedicated)

    NASA TPS Engineering

    USA Operations (Incl. Structures and Logistics)

    USA TPS Engineering (Includes Structures)

    USA Quality Assurance (Incl. 2 Supv.)

    USA Technicians (Incl. 13 Supv.)

    Organization Latest TPS Organization Pre USA TPS
    Organization Latest TPS Organization Pre USA TPS
    Organization Latest TPS Organization Pre USA TPS
    Organization Latest TPS Organization Pre USA TPS
    Organization Latest TPS Organization Pre USA TPS
    Organization
    Latest TPS
    Organization
    Pre USA TPS
    Organization Latest TPS Organization Pre USA TPS
    Organization Latest TPS Organization Pre USA TPS

    0

    25

    50

    75

    100

    125

    150

    175

    2

    Past TPS Organization 15 8 NASA Quality Assurance (TPS Dedicated) 4 NASA Operations and Logistics 3

    Past TPS Organization

    Past TPS Organization 15 8 NASA Quality Assurance (TPS Dedicated) 4 NASA Operations and Logistics 3
    Past TPS Organization 15 8 NASA Quality Assurance (TPS Dedicated) 4 NASA Operations and Logistics 3

    15

    8

    NASA Quality Assurance (TPS Dedicated)

    4

    NASA Operations and Logistics

    3

    Rockwell TPS Orbiter Engineering

    16

    33

    NASA TPS Engineering

    Rockwell TPSF Tecnicians

    SPC Technicians (Incl. 13 Supv.)

    5

    Rockwell-Downey

    13

    Total TPS Workforce

    490

    Rockwell TPSF Logistics

    4

    NASA-JSC

    178

    SPC Quality Assurance (Incl. 2 Supv.)

    47

    SPC TPS Engineering

    Rockwell-Houston

    SPC Operations

    31

    95

    Rockwell TPSF Quality assurance

    23

    Rockwell TPSF Manufacturing Eng.

    5

    Rockwell TPSF Support Personnel

    6

    Rockwell TPSF Orbiter Engineering

    4

    Personnel

    TPS Organization

    2

    Present TPS Organization NASA-JSC 3 NASA Quality Assurance (TPS Dedicated) 1 NASA Operations and Logistics 1

    Present TPS Organization

    Present TPS Organization NASA-JSC 3 NASA Quality Assurance (TPS Dedicated) 1 NASA Operations and Logistics 1
    Present TPS Organization NASA-JSC 3 NASA Quality Assurance (TPS Dedicated) 1 NASA Operations and Logistics 1

    NASA-JSC

    3

    NASA Quality Assurance (TPS Dedicated)

    1

    NASA Operations and Logistics

    1

    BNA TPS Orbiter Engineering

    10

    USA TPSF Tecnicians

    USA Operations (Includes Structures and Logistics)

    NASA TPS Engineering

    34

    6

    BNA-Houston

    1

    BNA-Downey

    32

    Total TPS Workforce

    318

    5

    USA-JSC

    USA Technicians (Including 13 Supervisors)

    100

    USA Quality Assurance (Incl. 2 Supv.)

    32

    USA TPS Engineering (Includes Structures)

    3

    52

    7

    USA TPSF Quality assurance

    11

    USA TPSF Manufacturing Eng.

    3

    USA TPSF Support Personnel

    13

    BNA TPSF Orbiter Engineering

    4

    USA TPSF Logistics

    Personnel

    TPS Organization

    2

    Improvements To Reduce Cost Presently In-work • Processing Reductions • Less Toxic Re-Waterproofing • Surface Defect

    Improvements To Reduce Cost

    Improvements To Reduce Cost Presently In-work • Processing Reductions • Less Toxic Re-Waterproofing • Surface Defect
    Improvements To Reduce Cost Presently In-work • Processing Reductions • Less Toxic Re-Waterproofing • Surface Defect

    Presently In-work

    Processing Reductions Less Toxic Re-Waterproofing Surface Defect Analyzer

    Future Improvements

    White TUFI Ceramic Captive G/F Thermal Barrier Improvements

    2

    Beyond Shuttle • Internal Vehicle Health Monitoring • RF replaces Ground Connections • No Penetrations •

    Beyond Shuttle

    Beyond Shuttle • Internal Vehicle Health Monitoring • RF replaces Ground Connections • No Penetrations •
    Beyond Shuttle • Internal Vehicle Health Monitoring • RF replaces Ground Connections • No Penetrations •

    Internal Vehicle Health Monitoring RF replaces Ground Connections No Penetrations No Windows Self Healing TPS

    2