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- UT Dallas Syllabus for math2420.501.11f taught by Zalman Balanov (zxb105020)
- BEC198
- 3110015
- Aso Syllabus
- Nilelil SPF Flood
- Chemical Reaction
- 2nd Round - Questions - English
- CFD Handbook
- Updegreecollege Chemistry
- sas
- Micro Irrigation
- Ode Primer
- Hydraulics Exercise
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- Water Supply Calender Nov7
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- ntroduction to Differential Equation
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Total marks and time (no candidate shall be allowed to leave the

exam hall before the complete exam duration of 3 Hours)

Paper Code

General

Subject

Total

Total

Aptitude

(GA)

Marks

Marks

Time

Marks

AE, AR, AG,

BT, CE, CH,

CS, CY, EC,

EE, EY, GG,

IN, MA, ME,

MN, MT, PE,

PH, PI, TF

15

85

100

3 Hours

XE (Section A +

any two sections)

15

15 + 2 x 35

100

3 Hours

XL (Section P +

any two sections)

15

25 + 2 x 30

100

3 Hours

AE:AerospaceEngineering

AG:AgriculturalEngineering

AR:ArchitectureandPlanning

BT:Biotechnology

CE:CivilEngineering

CH:ChemicalEngineering

CS:ComputerScienceandInformationTechnology

CY:Chemistry

EC:ElectronicsandCommunications

EE:ElectricalEngineering

EY:EcologyandEvolution

GG:GeologyandGeophysics

IN:InstrumentationEngineering

MA:Mathematics

ME:MechanicalEngineering

MN:MiningEngineering

MT:MetallurgicalEngineering

PE:PetroleumEngineering

PH:Physics

PI:ProductionandIndustrialEngineering

TF:TextileEngineeringandFibreScience

XE(AH):EngineeringSciences

XL(PU):LifeSciences

(COMMON TO ALL PAPERS)

Verbal Ability: English grammar, sentence completion, verbal analogies, word groups,

instructions, critical reasoning and verbal deduction.

Numerical Ability: Numerical computation, numerical estimation, numerical reasoning and data

interpretation.

Sample Questions

Verbal Ability

Q.1. Choose the appropriate answer to complete the following sentence:

To those of us who had always thought him timid, his --------- came as a surprise.

(A)

intrepidity (B)

inevitability (C)

inability (D)

inertness

Ans. (A)

Q.2. Choose the appropriate answer to complete the following sentence:

Medicine is to illness as law is to _________

(A)

discipline (B)

anarchy (C)

treason (D)

etiquette

Ans. (B)

Q.3. Read the following paragraph :

The ordinary form of mercury thermometer is used for temperature ranging from 40oF to

500oF. For measuring temperature below 40oF, thermometers filled with alcohol are used.

These are, however, not satisfactory for use in high temperatures. When a mercury thermometer

is used for temperature above 500oF, the space above the mercury is filled with some inert gas,

usually nitrogen or carbon dioxide, placed in the thermometer under pressure. As the mercury

rises, the gas pressures is increased, so that it is possible to use these thermometers for

temperatures as high as 1000oF.

With what, besides mercury, would a thermometer be filled if it was designed to be used

for measuring temperature of about 500oF?

(A) Pyrometer

Ans. (B)

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(D) Gas

Q.4. The cost of manufacturing tractors in Korea is twenty percent less than the cost of

manufacturing tractors in Germany. Even after transportation fees and import taxes are added, it

is still cheaper to import tractors from Korea to Germany than to produce tractors in Germany.

Which of the following assertions is best supported by the above information?

(A) Labour costs in Korea are twenty percent below those in Germany.

(B) Importing tractors into Germany will eliminate twenty percent of the manufacturing jobs in

Germany.

(C) The costs of transporting a tractor from Korea to Germany is more than twenty percent

ofthe cost of manufacturing the tractor in Korea.

(D) The import taxes on a tractor imported from Korea to Germanyis less than twenty

percentof the cost of manufacturing the tractor in Germany.

Ans. (D)

Numerical Ability

Q.5. In a survey, 3/16 of the people surveyed told that they preferred to use publictransport

while commuting daily to office. 5/8 of the people surveyed told that theypreferred to use their

own vehicles. The remaining 75 respondents said thatthey had no clear preference. How many

people preferred to use publictransport?

(A) 75 (B) 100 (C) 125 (D) 133

Ans. (A)

2 of 72

AE

Aerospace Engineering

Important Note for Candidates : In each of the following subjects the topics have been

divided into two categories Core Topics and Special Topics. The corresponding sections

of the question paper will contain 90% of their questions on Core Topics and the remaining

10% on Special Topics.

Core Topics:

Linear Algebra: Vector algebra, Matrix algebra, systems of linear equations, rank of a

matrix, eigenvalues and eigenvectors.

Calculus: Functions of single variable, limits, continuity and differentiability, mean value

theorem, chain rule, partial derivatives, maxima and minima, gradient, divergence

and curl, directional derivatives. Integration, Line, surface and volume integrals.

Theorems of Stokes, Gauss and Green.

Differential Equations: First order linear and nonlinear differential equations, higher order

linear ODEs with constant coefficients. Partial differential equations and separation of

variables methods.

Special Topics:

Fourier Series, Laplace Transforms, Numerical methods for linear and nonlinear algebraic

equations, Numerical integration and differentiation.

Core Topics:

Basics: Atmosphere: Properties, standard atmosphere. Classification of aircraft. Airplane

(fixed wing aircraft) configuration and various parts;

Airplane performance: Pressure altitude; equivalent, calibrated, indicated air speeds;

Primary flight instruments: Altimeter, ASI, VSI, Turn-bank indicator. Drag polar; takeoff

and landing; steady climb & descent, absolute and service ceiling; cruise, cruise

climb, endurance or loiter; load factor, turning flight, V-n diagram; Winds: head, tail &

cross winds;

Static stability: Angle of attack, sideslip; roll, pitch & yaw controls; longitudinal stick fixed

& free stability, horizontal tail position and size; directional stability, vertical tail position

and size; dihedral stability. Wing dihedral, sweep & position; hinge moments, stick

forces;

Special Topics:

Dynamic stability: Euler angles; Equations of motion; aerodynamic forces and moments,

stability & control derivatives; decoupling of longitudinal and lateral-directional

dynamics; longitudinal modes; lateral-directional modes.

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Core Topics:

Central force motion, determination of trajectory and orbital period in simple cases.

Special Topics:

Orbit transfer, in-plane and out-of-plane.

Section 4: Aerodynamics

Core Topics:

Basic Fluid Mechanics: Conservation laws: Mass, momentum (Integral and differential

form);

Potential flow theory: sources, sinks, doublets, line vortex and their superposition;

Viscosity, Reynold's number.

Airfoils and wings: Airfoil nomenclature; Aerodynamic coefficients: lift, drag and

moment; Kutta-Joukoswki theorem; Thin airfoil theory, Kutta condition, starting vortex;

Finite wing theory: Induced drag, Prandtl lifting line theory; Critical and drag

divergence Mach number.

Compressible Flows: Basic concepts of compressibility, Conservation equations; One

dimensional compressible flows, Fanno flow, Rayleigh flow; Isentropic flows, normal

and oblique shocks, Prandtl-Meyer flow; Flow through nozzles and diffusers.

Special Topics:

Elementary ideas of viscous flows including boundary layers; Wind Tunnel Testing:

Measurement and visualization techniques.

Section 5: Structures

Core Topics:

Strength of Materials: States of stress and strain. Stress and strain transformation. Mohr's

Circle. Principal stresses. Three-dimensional Hooke's law. Plane stress and strain; Failure

theories: Maximum stress, Tresca and von Mises; Strain energy. Castigliano's principles.

Analysis of statically determinate and indeterminate trusses and beams. Elastic flexural

buckling of columns.

Flight vehicle structures: Characteristics of aircraft structures and materials. Torsion,

bending and flexural shear of thin-walled sections. Loads on aircraft.

4 of 72

Structural Dynamics:. Free and forced vibrations of undamped and damped SDOF

systems. Free vibrations of undamped 2-DOF systems.

Special Topics:

Vibration of beams.

Theory of elasticity: Equilibrium and compatibility equations, Airys stress function.

Section 6: Propulsion

Core Topics:

Basics: Thermodynamics,

thermochemistry.

boundary

layers

and

heat

transfer

and

combustion

turbojet, turboprop, turbo shaft, turbofan and ramjet engines, thrust augmentation of

turbojets and turbofan engines. Aerothermodynamics of non-rotating propulsion

components such as intakes, combustor and nozzle.

Axial compressors: Angular momentum, work and compression, characteristic

performance of a single axial compressor stage, efficiency of the compressor and

degree of reaction.

Axial turbines: Axial turbine stage efficiency

Centrifugal compressor: Centrifugal compressor stage dynamics, inducer, impeller and

diffuser.

Rocket propulsion: Thrust equation and specific impulse, vehicle acceleration, drag,

gravity losses, multi-staging of rockets. Classification of chemical rockets, performance

of solid and liquid propellant rockets.

No Special Topics

5 of 72

AG

Agricultural Engineering

Linear Algebra: Matrices and determinants, systems of linear equations, Eigen

values and eigen vectors.

Calculus: Limit, continuity and differentiability; partial derivatives; maxima and

minima; sequences and series; tests for convergence; Fourier series, Taylor series.

Vector Calculus: Gradient; divergence and curl; line; surface and volume integrals;

Stokes, Gauss and Greens theorems.

Differential Equations: Linear and non-linear first order Ordinary Differential Equations

(ODE); Higher order linear ODEs with constant coefficients; Cauchys and Eulers

equations; Laplace transforms; Partial Differential Equations - Laplace, heat and

wave equations.

Probability and Statistics: Mean, median, mode and standard deviation; random

variables; Poisson, normal and binomial distributions; correlation and regression

analysis; tests of significance, analysis of variance (ANOVA).

Numerical Methods: Solutions of linear and non-linear algebraic equations;

numerical integration - trapezoidal and Simpsons rule; numerical solutions of ODE.

Machine Design: Design and selection of machine elements gears, pulleys, chains

and sprockets and belts; overload safety devices used in farm machinery;

measurement of force, torque, speed, displacement and acceleration on machine

elements.

Farm Machinery: Soil tillage; forces acting on a tillage tool; hitch systems and

hitching of tillage implements; functional requirements, principles of working,

construction and operation of manual, animal and power operated equipment for

tillage, sowing, planting, fertilizer application, inter-cultivation, spraying, mowing,

chaff cutting, harvesting, threshing and transport; testing of agricultural machinery

and equipment; calculation of performance parameters - field capacity,

efficiency, application rate and losses; cost analysis of implements and tractors.

Sources of Power: Sources of power on the farm - human, animal, mechanical,

electrical, wind, solar and biomass; bio-fuels.

Farm Power: Thermodynamic principles of I.C. engines; I.C. engine cycles; engine

components; fuels and combustion; lubricants and their properties; I.C. engine

systems fuel, cooling, lubrication, ignition, electrical, intake and exhaust; selection,

operation, maintenance and repair of I.C. engines; power efficiencies and

measurement; calculation of power, torque, fuel consumption, heat load and

power losses.

Tractors and Powertillers: Type, selection, maintenance and repair of tractors and

powertillers; tractor clutches and brakes; power transmission systems gear trains,

differential, final drives and power take-off; mechanics of tractor chassis; traction

theory; three point hitches- free link and restrained link operations; mechanical

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steering and hydraulic control systems used in tractors; tractor tests and

performance.

Human engineering and safety in design of tractor and agricultural implements.

Fluid Mechanics: Ideal and real fluids, properties of fluids; hydrostatic pressure and

its measurement; hydrostatic forces on plane and curved surface; continuity

equation; Bernoullis theorem; laminar and turbulent flow in pipes, Darcy- Weisbach

and Hazen-Williams equations, Moodys diagram; flow through orifices and

notches; flow in open channels.

Soil Mechanics: Engineering properties of soils; fundamental definitions and

relationships; index properties of soils; permeability and seepage analysis; shear

strength, Mohrs circle of stress, active and passive earth pressures; stability of

slopes.

Hydrology: Hydrological cycle and components; meteorological parameters, their

measurement and analysis of precipitation data; runoff estimation; hydrograph

analysis, unit hydrograph theory and application; stream flow measurement; flood

routing, hydrological reservoir and channel routing.

Surveying and Leveling: Measurement of distance and area; instruments for

surveying and leveling; chain surveying, methods of traversing; measurement of

angles and bearings, plane table surveying; types of leveling; theodolite traversing;

contouring; computation of areas and volume.

Soil and Water Erosion: Mechanics of soil erosion, soil erosion types, wind and water

erosion, factors affecting erosion; soil loss estimation; biological and engineering

measures to control erosion; terraces and bunds; vegetative waterways; gully

control structures, drop, drop inlet and chute spillways; earthen dams.

Watershed Management: Watershed characterization; land use capability

classification;rainwater harvesting structures,check dams and farm ponds.

Soil-Water-Plant Relationship: Water requirement of crops; consumptive use and

evapotranspiration; measurement of infiltration, soil moisture and irrigation water

infiltration.

Irrigation Water Conveyance and Application Methods: Design of irrigation

channels and underground pipelines; irrigation scheduling; surface, sprinkler and

micro irrigation methods, design and evaluation of irrigation methods; irrigation

efficiencies.

Agricultural Drainage: Drainage coefficient; planning, design and layout of surface

and sub-surface drainage systems; leaching requirement and salinity control;

irrigation and drainage water quality and reuse.

Groundwater Hydrology: Groundwater occurrence; Darcys Law, steady flow in

confined and unconfined aquifers, evaluation of aquifer properties; groundwater

recharge.

Wells and Pumps: Types of wells, steady flow through wells; classification of pumps;

pump characteristics; pump selection and installation.

7 of 72

Drying: Psychrometry properties of air-vapors mixture; concentration and drying of

liquid foods evaporators, tray, drum and spray dryers; hydrothermal treatment;

drying and milling of cereals, pulses and oilseeds.

Size Reduction and Conveying: Mechanics and energy requirement in size

reduction of granular solids; particle size analysis for comminuted solids; size

separation by screening; fluidization of granular solids-pneumatic, bucket, screw

and belt conveying; cleaning and grading; effectiveness of grain cleaners;

centrifugal separation of solids, liquids and gases.

Processing and By-product Utilization: Processing of seeds, spices, fruits and

vegetables; By-product utilization from processing industries.

Storage Systems: Controlled and modified atmosphere storage; perishable food

storage, godowns, bins and grain silos.

Heat and Mass Transfer: Steady state heat transfer in conduction, convection and

radiation; transient heat transfer in simple geometry; working principles of heat

exchangers; diffusive and convective mass transfer; simultaneous heat and mass

transfer in agricultural processing operations; material and energy balances in food

processing systems; water activity, sorption and desorption isotherms.

Preservation of Food: Kinetics of microbial death pasteurization and sterilization of

milk and otherliquid foods; preservation of food by cooling and freezing;

refrigeration and cold storage basics and applications.

8 of 72

AR

Visual composition in 2D and 3D; Principles of Art and Architecture; Organization of

space; Architectural Graphics; Computer Graphics concepts of CAD, BIM, 3D

modeling and Architectural rendition; Programming languages and automation.

Anthropometrics; Planning and design considerations for different building types;

Site planning; Circulation- horizontal and vertical; Barrier free design; Space

Standards; Building Codes; National Building Code.

Elements, construction, architectural styles and examples of different periods of

Indian and Western History of Architecture; Oriental, Vernacular and Traditional

architecture; Architectural developments since Industrial Revolution; Influence of

modern art on architecture; Art nouveau, Eclecticism, International styles, Post

Modernism, Deconstruction in architecture; Recent trends in Contemporary

Architecture; Works of renowned national and international architects.

Behavioral characteristics and applications of different building materials viz. mud,

timber, bamboo, brick, concrete, steel, glass, FRP, AAC, different polymers,

composites.

Building construction techniques, methods and details; Building systems and

prefabrication of building elements; Principles of Modular Coordination; Estimation,

specification, valuation, professional practice; Construction planning and

equipments; Project management techniques e.g. PERT, CPM etc.

Principles of strength of materials; Design of structural elements in wood, steel and

RCC; Elastic and Limit State design; Structural systems in RCC and Steel; Form and

Structure; Principles of Pre-stressing; High Rise and Long Span structures, gravity and

lateral load resisting systems; Principles and design of disaster resistant structures.

Ecosystem- natural and man-made ecosystem; Ecological principles; Concepts of

Environmental Impact Analysis; Environmental considerations in planning and

design; Thermal comfort, ventilation and air movement; Principles of lighting and

illumination; Climate responsive design; Solar architecture; Principles of architectural

acoustics; Green Building- Concepts and Rating; ECBC; Building Performance

Simulation and Evaluation; Environmental pollution- types, causes, controls and

abatement strategies.

Concepts and theories of urban design; Public Perception; Townscape; Public

Realm; Urban design interventions for sustainable development and transportation;

Historical and modern examples of urban design; Public spaces, character, spatial

qualities and Sense of Place; Elements of urban built environment urban form,

spaces, structure, pattern, fabric, texture, grain etc; Principles, tools and techniques

of urban design; Urban renewal and conservation; Site planning; Landscape

design; Development controls FAR, densities and building byelaws.

9 of 72

Planning process; Types of plans - Master Plan, City Development Plan, Structure

Plan, Zonal Plan, Action Area Plan, Town Planning Scheme, Regional Plan; Salient

concepts, theories and principles of urban planning; Sustainable urban

development; Emerging concepts of cities - Eco-City, Smart City, Transit Oriented

Development (TOD), SEZ, SRZ etc.

Housing; Concepts, principles and examples of neighbourhood; Housing typologies;

Slums; Affordable Housing; Housing for special areas and needs; Residential

densities; Standards for housing and community facilities; National Housing Policies,

Programs and Schemes.

Tools and techniques of Surveys Physical, Topographical, Landuse and Socioeconomic Surveys; Methods of non-spatial and spatial data analysis; Graphic

presentation of spatial data; Application of G.I.S and Remote Sensing techniques in

urban and regional planning; Decision support system and Land Information

System.

Urban Economics; Law of demand and supply of land and its use in planning;

Social, Economical and environmental cost benefit analysis; Techniques of financial

appraisal; Management of Infrastructure Projects; Development guidelines such as

URDPFI; Planning Legislation and implementation Land Acquisition Act, PPP etc.;

Local self-governance.

Building Services: Water supply; Sewerage and drainage systems; Sanitary fittings

and fixtures; Plumbing systems; Principles of internal and external drainage system;

Principles of electrification of buildings; Intelligent Buildings; Elevators and Escalators

- standards and uses; Air-Conditioning systems; Firefighting Systems; Building Safety

and Security systems.

Urban Infrastructure Transportation, Water Supply, Sewerage, Drainage, Solid

Waste Management, Electricity and Communications.

Process and Principles of Transportation Planning and Traffic Engineering; Road

capacity; Traffic survey methods; Traffic flow characteristics; Traffic analyses and

design considerations; Travel demand forecasting; Land-use transportation urban form inter-relationships; Design of roads, intersections, grade separators and

parking areas; Hierarchy of roads and level of service; Traffic and transport

management and control in urban areas,; Mass transportation planning; Paratransits and other modes of transportation, Pedestrian and slow moving traffic

planning; Intelligent Transportation Systems.

Principles of water supply and sanitation systems; water treatment; Water supply

and distribution system; Water harvesting systems; Principles, Planning and Design of

storm water drainage system; Sewage disposal methods; Methods of solid waste

management - collection, transportation and disposal; Recycling and Reuse of

solid waste; Power Supply and Communication Systems, network, design and

guidelines.

10 of 72

BT

Biotechnology

Linear Algebra: Matrices and determinants, Systems of linear equations, Eigen values and

Eigen vectors. Calculus: Limit, continuity and differentiability, Partial derivatives, Maxima

and minima, Sequences and series, Test for convergence, Fourier Series. Differential

Equations: Linear and nonlinear first order ODEs, higher order ODEs with constant

coefficients, Cauchys and Eulers equations, Laplace transforms, PDE-Laplace, heat and

wave equations. Probability and Statistics: Mean, median, mode and standard deviation,

Random variables, Poisson, normal and binomial distributions, Correlation and regression

analysis. Numerical Methods: Solution of linear and nonlinear algebraic equations,

Integration of trapezoidal and Simpsons rule, Single and multistep methods for differential

equations.

Biochemistry: Biomolecules-structure and functions; Biological membranes, structure,

action potential and transport processes; Enzymes- classification, kinetics and mechanism

of action; Basic concepts and designs of metabolism (carbohydrates, lipids, amino acids

and nucleic acids) photosynthesis, respiration and electron transport chain; Bioenergetics

Microbiology: Viruses- structure and classification; Microbial classification and

diversity(bacterial, algal and fungal); Methods in microbiology; Microbial growth and

nutrition; Aerobic and anaerobic respiration; Nitrogen fixation; Microbial diseases and

host-pathogen interaction

Cell Biology: Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell structure; Cell cycle and cell growth control;

Cell-Cell communication, Cell signaling and signal transduction

Molecular Biology and Genetics: Molecular structure of genes and chromosomes;

Mutations and mutagenesis; Nucleic acid replication, transcription, translation and their

regulatory mechanisms in prokaryotes and eukaryotes; Mendelian inheritance; Gene

interaction; Complementation; Linkage, recombination and chromosome mapping; Extra

chromosomal inheritance; Microbial genetics (plasmids, transformation, transduction,

conjugation); Horizontal gene transfer and Transposable elements; RNA interference; DNA

damage and repair; Chromosomal variation; Molecular basis of genetic diseases

Analytical Techniques: Principles of microscopy-light, electron, fluorescent and confocal;

Centrifugation- high speed and ultra; Principles of spectroscopy-UV, visible, CD, IR, FTIR,

Raman, MS,NMR; Principles of chromatography- ion exchange, gel filtration, hydrophobic

interaction, affinity, GC,HPLC, FPLC; Electrophoresis; Microarray

Immunology: History of Immunology; Innate, humoral and cell mediated immunity;

Antigen; Antibody structure and function; Molecular basis of antibody diversity; Synthesis

of antibody and secretion; Antigen-antibody reaction; Complement; Primary and

secondary lymphoid organ; B and T cells and macrophages; Major histocompatibility

complex (MHC); Antigen processing and presentation; Polyclonal and monoclonal

antibody; Regulation of immune response; Immune tolerance; Hypersensitivity;

Autoimmunity; Graft versus host reaction.

Bioinformatics: Major bioinformatic resources and search tools; Sequence and structure

databases; Sequence analysis (biomolecular sequence file formats, scoring matrices,

sequence alignment, phylogeny);Data mining and analytical tools for genomic and

11 of 72

proteomic studies; Molecular dynamics and simulations (basic concepts including force

fields, protein-protein, protein-nucleic acid, protein-ligand interaction)

Restriction and modification enzymes; Vectors; plasmid, bacteriophage and other viral

vectors, cosmids, Ti plasmid, yeast artificial chromosome; mammalian and plant

expression vectors; cDNA and genomic DNA library; Gene isolation, cloning and

expression ; Transposons and gene targeting; DNA labeling; DNA sequencing; Polymerase

chain reactions; DNA fingerprinting; Southern and northern blotting; In-situ hybridization;

RAPD, RFLP; Site-directed mutagenesis; Gene transfer technologies; Gene therapy

Totipotency; Regeneration of plants; Plant growth regulators and elicitors; Tissue culture

and Cell suspension culture system: methodology, kinetics of growth and, nutrient

optimization; Production of secondary metabolites by plant suspension cultures; Hairy root

culture; transgenic plants; Plant products of industrial importance

Animal cell culture; media composition and growth conditions; Animal cell and tissue

preservation; Anchorage and non-anchorage dependent cell culture; Kinetics of cell

growth; Micro & macro-carrier culture; Hybridoma technology; Stem cell technology;

Animal cloning; Transgenic animals

Chemical engineering principles applied to biological system, Principle of reactor design,

ideal and non-ideal multiphase bioreactors, mass and heat transfer; Rheology of

fermentation fluids, Aeration and agitation; Media formulation and optimization; Kinetics

of microbial growth, substrate utilization and product formation; Sterilization of air and

media; Batch, fed-batch and continuous processes; Various types of microbial and

enzyme reactors; Instrumentation control and optimization; Unit operations in solid-liquid

separation and liquid-liquid extraction; Process scale-up, economics and feasibility

analysis

Engineering principle of bioprocessing- Upstream production and downstream;

Bioprocess design and development from lab to industrial scale; Microbial, animal and

plant cell culture platforms; Production of biomass and primary/secondary metabolites;

Biofuels, Bioplastics, industrial enzymes, antibiotics; Large scale production and

purification of recombinant proteins; Industrial application of chromatographic and

membrane based bioseparation methods; Immobilization of biocatalysts (enzymes and

cells) for bioconversion processes; Bioremediation-Aerobic and anaerobic processes for

stabilization of solid / liquid wastes

12 of 72

CH

Chemical Engineering

Linear Algebra: Matrix algebra, Systems of linear equations, Eigen values and

eigenvectors.

Calculus: Functions of single variable, Limit, continuity and differentiability, Taylor

series, Mean value theorems, Evaluation of definite and improper integrals, Partial

derivatives, Total derivative, Maxima and minima, Gradient, Divergence and Curl,

Vector identities, Directional derivatives, Line, Surface and Volume integrals, Stokes,

Gauss and Greens theorems.

Differential equations: First order equations (linear and nonlinear), Higher order linear

differential equations with constant coefficients, Cauchys and Eulers equations,

Initial and boundary value problems, Laplace transforms, Solutions of one

dimensional heat and wave equations and Laplace equation.

Complex variables: Complex number, polar form of complex number, triangle

inequality.

Probability and Statistics: Definitions of probability and sampling theorems,

Conditional probability, Mean, median, mode and standard deviation, Random

variables, Poisson, Normal and Binomial distributions, Linear regression analysis.

Numerical Methods: Numerical solutions of linear and non-linear algebraic

equations. Integration by trapezoidal and Simpsons rule. Single and multi-step

methods for numerical solution of differential equations.

Steady and unsteady state mass and energy balances including multiphase, multicomponent, reacting and non-reacting systems. Use of tie components; recycle,

bypass and purge calculations; Gibbs phase rule and degree of freedom analysis.

First and Second laws of thermodynamics. Applications of first law to close and

open systems. Second law and Entropy. Thermodynamic properties of pure

substances: Equation of State and residual properties, properties of mixtures: partial

molar properties, fugacity, excess properties and activity coefficients; phase

equilibria: predicting VLE of systems; chemical reaction equilibrium.

Fluid statics, Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids, shell-balances including

differential form of Bernoulli equation and energy balance, Macroscopic friction

factors, dimensional analysis and similitude, flow through pipeline systems, flow

meters, pumps and compressors, elementary boundary layer theory, flow past

immersed bodies including packed and fluidized beds, Turbulent flow: fluctuating

velocity, universal velocity profile and pressure drop.

Particle size and shape, particle size distribution, size reduction and classification of

solid particles; free and hindered settling; centrifuge and cyclones; thickening and

classification, filtration, agitation and mixing; conveying of solids.

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Steady and unsteady heat conduction, convection and radiation, thermal

boundary layer and heat transfer coefficients, boiling, condensation and

evaporation; types of heat exchangers and evaporators and their process

calculations. Design of double pipe, shell and tube heat exchangers, and single

and multiple effect evaporators.

Ficks laws, molecular diffusion in fluids, mass transfer coefficients, film, penetration

and surface renewal theories; momentum, heat and mass transfer analogies;

stage-wise and continuous contacting and stage efficiencies; HTU & NTU concepts;

design and operation of equipment for distillation, absorption, leaching, liquid-liquid

extraction, drying, humidification, dehumidification and adsorption.

Theories of reaction rates; kinetics of homogeneous reactions, interpretation of

kinetic data, single and multiple reactions in ideal reactors, non-ideal reactors;

residence time distribution, single parameter model; non-isothermal reactors;

kinetics of heterogeneous catalytic reactions; diffusion effects in catalysis.

Measurement of process variables; sensors, transducers and their dynamics, process

modeling and linearization, transfer functions and dynamic responses of various

systems, systems with inverse response, process reaction curve, controller modes (P,

PI, and PID); control valves; analysis of closed loop systems including stability,

frequency response, controller tuning, cascade and feed forward control.

Principles of process economics and cost estimation including depreciation and

total annualized cost, cost indices, rate of return, payback period, discounted cash

flow, optimization in process design and sizing of chemical engineering equipments

such as compressors, heat exchangers, multistage contactors.

Inorganic chemical industries (sulfuric acid, phosphoric acid, chlor-alkali industry),

fertilizers (Ammonia, Urea, SSP and TSP); natural products industries (Pulp and Paper,

Sugar, Oil, and Fats); petroleum refining and petrochemicals; polymerization

industries (polyethylene, polypropylene, PVC and polyester synthetic fibers).

14 of 72

CY

Chemistry

Structure: Postulates of quantum mechanics. Time dependent and time independent

Schrdinger equations. Born interpretation. Particle in a box. Harmonic oscillator. Rigid

rotor. Hydrogen atom: atomic orbitals. Multi-electron atoms: orbital approximation.

Variation and first order perturbation techniques. Chemical bonding: Valence bond

theory and LCAO-MO theory. Hybrid orbitals. Applications of LCAO-MOT to H2+, H2 and

other homonuclear diatomic molecules, heteronuclear diatomic molecules like HF, CO,

NO, and to simple delocalized electron systems. Hckel approximation and its

application to annular electron systems. Symmetry elements and operations. Point

groups and character tables. Origin of selection rules for rotational, vibrational, electronic

and Raman spectroscopy of diatomic and polyatomic molecules. Einstein coefficients.

Relationship of transition moment integral with molar extinction coefficient and oscillator

strength. Basic principles of nuclear magnetic resonance: nuclear g factor, chemical shift,

nuclear coupling.

Equilibrium: Laws of thermodynamics. Standard states. Thermochemistry. Thermodynamic

functions and their relationships: Gibbs-Helmholtz and Maxwell relations, vant Hoff

equation. Criteria of spontaneity and equilibrium. Absolute entropy. Partial molar

quantities. Thermodynamics of mixing. Chemical potential. Fugacity, activity and activity

coefficients. Chemical equilibria. Dependence of equilibrium constant on temperature

and pressure. Non-ideal solutions. Ionic mobility and conductivity. Debye-Hckel limiting

law.

Debye-Hckel-Onsager

equation.

Standard

electrode

potentials

and

electrochemical cells. Potentiometric and conductometric titrations. Phase rule. ClausiusClapeyron equation. Phase diagram of one component systems: CO2, H2O, S; two

component systems: liquid-vapour, liquid-liquid and solid-liquid systems. Fractional

distillation. Azeotropes and eutectics. Statistical thermodynamics: microcanonical and

canonical ensembles, Boltzmann distribution, partition functions and thermodynamic

properties.

Kinetics: Transition state theory: Eyring equation, thermodynamic aspects. Potential

energy surfaces and classical trajectories. Elementary, parallel, opposing and consecutive

reactions. Steady state approximation. Mechanisms of complex reactions. Unimolecular

reactions. Kinetics of polymerization and enzyme catalysis. Fast reaction kinetics:

relaxation and flow methods. Kinetics of photochemical and photophysical processes.

Surfaces and Interfaces: Physisorption and chemisorption. Langmuir, Freundlich and BET

isotherms. Surface catalysis: Langmuir-Hinshelwood mechanism. Surface tension, viscosity.

Self-assembly. Physical chemistry of colloids, micelles and macromolecules.

Main Group Elements: Hydrides, halides, oxides, oxoacids, nitrides, sulfides shapes and

reactivity. Structure and bonding of boranes, carboranes, silicones, silicates, boron nitride,

borazines and phosphazenes. Allotropes of carbon. Chemistry of noble gases,

pseudohalogens, and interhalogen compounds. Acid-base concepts.

Transition Elements: Coordination chemistry structure and isomerism, theories of bonding

(VBT, CFT, and MOT). Energy level diagrams in various crystal fields, CFSE, applications of

CFT, Jahn-Teller distortion. Electronic spectra of transition metal complexes: spectroscopic

term symbols, selection rules, Orgel diagrams, charge-transfer spectra. Magnetic

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thermodynamic stability, substitution and redox reactions.

mechanisms:

kinetic

and

properties.

Organometallics: 18-Electron rule; metal-alkyl, metal-carbonyl, metal-olefin and metalcarbene complexes and metallocenes. Fluxionality in organometallic complexes. Types of

organometallic reactions. Homogeneous catalysis - Hydrogenation, hydroformylation,

acetic acid synthesis, metathesis and olefin oxidation. Heterogeneous catalysis - FischerTropsch reaction, Ziegler-Natta polymerization.

Radioactivity: Decay processes, half-life of radioactive elements, fission and fusion

processes.

Bioinorganic Chemistry: Ion (Na+ and K+) transport, oxygen binding, transport and

utilization, electron transfer reactions, nitrogen fixation, metalloenzymes containing

magnesium, molybdenum, iron, cobalt, copper and zinc.

Solids: Crystal systems and lattices, Miller planes, crystal packing, crystal defects, Braggs

law, ionic crystals, structures of AX, AX2, ABX3 type compounds, spinels, band theory,

metals and semiconductors.

Instrumental Methods of Analysis: UV-visible spectrophotometry, NMR and ESR

spectroscopy, mass spectrometry. Chromatography including GC and HPLC.

Electroanalytical methods- polarography, cyclic voltammetry, ion-selective electrodes.

Thermoanalytical methods.

Stereochemistry: Chirality of organic molecules with or without chiral centres and

determination of their absolute configurations. Relative stereochemistry in compounds

having more than one stereogenic centre. Homotopic, enantiotopic and diastereotopic

atoms, groups and faces. Stereoselective and stereospecific synthesis. Conformational

analysis of acyclic and cyclic compounds. Geometrical isomerism. Configurational and

conformational effects, and neighbouring group participation on reactivity and

selectivity/specificity.

Reaction Mechanisms: Basic mechanistic concepts kinetic versus thermodynamic

control, Hammonds postulate and Curtin-Hammett principle. Methods of determining

reaction mechanisms through identification of products, intermediates and isotopic

labeling. Nucleophilic and electrophilic substitution reactions (both aromatic and

aliphatic). Addition reactions to carbon-carbon and carbon-heteroatom (N,O) multiple

bonds. Elimination reactions. Reactive intermediates carbocations, carbanions,

carbenes, nitrenes, arynes and free radicals. Molecular rearrangements involving electron

deficient atoms.

Organic Synthesis: Synthesis, reactions, mechanisms and selectivity involving the following

classes of compounds alkenes, alkynes, arenes, alcohols, phenols, aldehydes, ketones,

carboxylic acids, esters, nitriles, halides, nitro compounds, amines and amides. Uses of Mg,

Li, Cu, B, Zn and Si based reagents in organic synthesis. Carbon-carbon bond formation

through coupling reactions - Heck, Suzuki, Stille and Sonogoshira. Concepts of multistep

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equivalents. Umpolung reactivity formyl and acyl anion equivalents. Selectivity in

organic synthesis chemo-, regio- and stereoselectivity. Protection and deprotection of

functional groups. Concepts of asymmetric synthesis resolution (including enzymatic),

desymmetrization and use of chiral auxilliaries. Carbon-carbon bond forming reactions

through enolates (including boron enolates), enamines and silyl enol ethers. Michael

addition reaction. Stereoselective addition to C=O groups (Cram and Felkin-Anh models).

Pericyclic Reactions and Photochemistry: Electrocyclic, cycloaddition and sigmatropic

reactions. Orbital correlations - FMO and PMO treatments. Photochemistry of alkenes,

arenes and carbonyl compounds. Photooxidation and photoreduction. Di--methane

rearrangement, Barton reaction.

Heterocyclic Compounds: Structure, preparation, properties and reactions of furan,

pyrrole, thiophene, pyridine, indole, quinoline and isoquinoline.

Biomolecules: Structure, properties and reactions of mono- and di-saccharides,

physicochemical properties of amino acids, chemical synthesis of peptides, structural

features of proteins, nucleic acids, steroids, terpenoids, carotenoids, and alkaloids.

Spectroscopy: Applications of UV-visible, IR, NMR and Mass spectrometry in the structural

determination of organic molecules.

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CE

Civil Engineering

Linear Algebra: Matrix algebra; Systems of linear equations; Eigen values and Eigen

vectors.

Calculus: Functions of single variable; Limit, continuity and differentiability; Mean value

theorems, local maxima and minima, Taylor and Maclaurin series; Evaluation of definite

and indefinite integrals, application of definite integral to obtain area and volume; Partial

derivatives; Total derivative; Gradient, Divergence and Curl, Vector identities, Directional

derivatives, Line, Surface and Volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Greens theorems.

Ordinary Differential Equation (ODE): First order (linear and non-linear) equations; higher

order linear equations with constant coefficients; Euler-Cauchy equations; Laplace

transform and its application in solving linear ODEs; initial and boundary value problems.

Partial Differential Equation (PDE): Fourier series; separation of variables; solutions of onedimensional diffusion equation; first and second order one-dimensional wave equation

and two-dimensional Laplace equation.

Probability and Statistics: Definitions of probability and sampling theorems; Conditional

probability; Discrete Random variables: Poisson and Binomial distributions; Continuous

random variables: normal and exponential distributions; Descriptive statistics - Mean,

median, mode and standard deviation; Hypothesis testing.

Numerical Methods: Accuracy and precision; error analysis. Numerical solutions of linear

and non-linear algebraic equations; Least square approximation, Newtons and

Lagrange polynomials, numerical differentiation, Integration by trapezoidal and Simpsons

rule, single and multi-step methods for first order differential equations.

Engineering Mechanics: System of forces, free-body diagrams, equilibrium equations;

Internal forces in structures; Friction and its applications; Kinematics of point mass and rigid

body; Centre of mass; Eulers equations of motion; Impulse-momentum; Energy methods;

Principles of virtual work.

Solid Mechanics: Bending moment and shear force in statically determinate beams;

Simple stress and strain relationships; Theories of failures; Simple bending theory, flexural

and shear stresses, shear centre; Uniform torsion, buckling of column, combined and

direct bending stresses.

Structural Analysis: Statically determinate and indeterminate structures by force/ energy

methods; Method of superposition; Analysis of trusses, arches, beams, cables and frames;

Displacement methods: Slope deflection and moment distribution methods; Influence

lines; Stiffness and flexibility methods of structural analysis.

Construction Materials and Management: Construction Materials: Structural steel composition, material properties and behaviour; Concrete - constituents, mix design,

short-term and long-term properties; Bricks and mortar; Timber; Bitumen. Construction

Management: Types of construction projects; Tendering and construction contracts; Rate

analysis and standard specifications; Cost estimation; Project planning and network

analysis - PERT and CPM.

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Concrete Structures: Working stress, Limit state and Ultimate load design concepts; Design

of beams, slabs, columns; Bond and development length; Prestressed concrete; Analysis

of beam sections at transfer and service loads.

Steel Structures: Working stress and Limit state design concepts; Design of tension and

compression members, beams and beam- columns, column bases; Connections - simple

and eccentric, beam-column connections, plate girders and trusses; Plastic analysis of

beams and frames.

Soil Mechanics: Origin of soils, soil structure and fabric; Three-phase system and phase

relationships, index properties; Unified and Indian standard soil classification system;

Permeability - one dimensional flow, Darcys law; Seepage through soils - two-dimensional

flow, flow nets, uplift pressure, piping; Principle of effective stress, capillarity, seepage

force and quicksand condition; Compaction in laboratory and field conditions; Onedimensional consolidation, time rate of consolidation; Mohrs circle, stress paths, effective

and total shear strength parameters, characteristics of clays and sand.

Foundation Engineering: Sub-surface investigations - scope, drilling bore holes, sampling,

plate load test, standard penetration and cone penetration tests; Earth pressure theories Rankine and Coulomb; Stability of slopes - finite and infinite slopes, method of slices and

Bishops method; Stress distribution in soils - Boussinesqs and Westergaards theories,

pressure bulbs; Shallow foundations - Terzaghis and Meyerhoffs bearing capacity

theories, effect of water table; Combined footing and raft foundation; Contact pressure;

Settlement analysis in sands and clays; Deep foundations - types of piles, dynamic and

static formulae, load capacity of piles in sands and clays, pile load test, negative skin

friction.

Fluid Mechanics: Properties of fluids, fluid statics; Continuity, momentum, energy and

corresponding equations; Potential flow, applications of momentum and energy

equations; Laminar and turbulent flow; Flow in pipes, pipe networks; Concept of

boundary layer and its growth.

Hydraulics: Forces on immersed bodies; Flow measurement in channels and pipes;

Dimensional analysis and hydraulic similitude; Kinematics of flow, velocity triangles; Basics

of hydraulic machines, specific speed of pumps and turbines; Channel Hydraulics Energy-depth relationships, specific energy, critical flow, slope profile, hydraulic jump,

uniform flow and gradually varied flow

Hydrology: Hydrologic cycle, precipitation, evaporation, evapo-transpiration, watershed,

infiltration, unit hydrographs, hydrograph analysis, flood estimation and routing, reservoir

capacity, reservoir and channel routing, surface run-off models, ground water hydrology steady state well hydraulics and aquifers; Application of Darcys law.

Irrigation: Duty, delta, estimation of evapo-transpiration; Crop water requirements; Design

of lined and unlined canals, head works, gravity dams and spillways; Design of weirs on

permeable foundation; Types of irrigation systems, irrigation methods; Water logging and

drainage; Canal regulatory works, cross-drainage structures, outlets and escapes.

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Water and Waste Water: Quality standards, basic unit processes and operations for water

treatment. Drinking water standards, water requirements, basic unit operations and unit

processes for surface water treatment, distribution of water. Sewage and sewerage

treatment, quantity and characteristics of wastewater. Primary, secondary and tertiary

treatment of wastewater, effluent discharge standards. Domestic wastewater treatment,

quantity of characteristics of domestic wastewater, primary and secondary treatment.

Unit operations and unit processes of domestic wastewater, sludge disposal.

Air Pollution: Types of pollutants, their sources and impacts, air pollution meteorology, air

pollution control, air quality standards and limits.

Municipal Solid Wastes: Characteristics, generation, collection and transportation of solid

wastes, engineered systems for solid waste management (reuse/ recycle, energy

recovery, treatment and disposal).

Noise Pollution: Impacts of noise, permissible limits of noise pollution, measurement of

noise and control of noise pollution.

Transportation Infrastructure: Highway alignment and engineering surveys; Geometric

design of highways - cross-sectional elements, sight distances, horizontal and vertical

alignments; Geometric design of railway track; Airport runway length, taxiway and exit

taxiway design.

Highway Pavements: Highway materials - desirable properties and quality control tests;

Design of bituminous paving mixes; Design factors for flexible and rigid pavements; Design

of flexible pavement using IRC: 37-2012; Design of rigid pavements using IRC: 58-2011;

Distresses in concrete pavements.

Traffic Engineering: Traffic studies on flow, speed, travel time - delay and O-D study, PCU,

peak hour factor, parking study, accident study and analysis, statistical analysis of traffic

data; Microscopic and macroscopic parameters of traffic flow, fundamental

relationships; Control devices, signal design by Websters method; Types of intersections

and channelization; Highway capacity and level of service of rural highways and urban

roads.

Principles of surveying; Errors and their adjustment; Maps - scale, coordinate system;

Distance and angle measurement - Levelling and trigonometric levelling; Traversing and

triangulation survey; Total station; Horizontal and vertical curves.

Photogrammetry - scale, flying height; Remote sensing - basics, platform and sensors,

visual image interpretation; Basics of Geographical information system (GIS) and

Geographical Positioning system (GPS).

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CS

Discrete Mathematics: Propositional and first order logic. Sets, relations, functions, partial

orders and lattices. Groups. Graphs: connectivity, matching, coloring. Combinatorics:

counting, recurrence relations, generating functions.

Linear Algebra: Matrices, determinants, system of linear equations, eigenvalues and

eigenvectors, LU decomposition.

Calculus: Limits, continuity and differentiability. Maxima and minima. Mean value

theorem. Integration.

Probability: Random variables. Uniform, normal, exponential, poisson and binomial

distributions. Mean, median, mode and standard deviation. Conditional probability and

Bayes theorem.

Computer Science and Information Technology

Boolean algebra. Combinational and sequential circuits. Minimization. Number

representations and computer arithmetic (fixed and floating point).

Machine instructions and addressing modes. ALU, datapath and control unit. Instruction

pipelining. Memory hierarchy: cache, main memory and secondary storage; I/O

interface (interrupt and DMA mode).

Programming in C. Recursion. Arrays, stacks, queues, linked lists, trees, binary search

trees, binary heaps, graphs.

Section 5: Algorithms

Searching, sorting, hashing. Asymptotic worst case time and space complexity.

Algorithm design techniques: greedy, dynamic programming and divideandconquer.

Graph search, minimum spanning trees, shortest paths.

Regular expressions and finite automata. Context-free grammars and push-down

automata. Regular and contex-free languages, pumping lemma. Turing machines and

undecidability.

Lexical analysis, parsing, syntax-directed translation. Runtime environments. Intermediate

code generation.

Processes, threads, interprocess communication, concurrency and synchronization.

Deadlock. CPU scheduling. Memory management and virtual memory. File systems.

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Section 9: Databases

ERmodel. Relational model: relational algebra, tuple calculus, SQL. Integrity constraints,

normal forms. File organization, indexing (e.g., B and B+ trees). Transactions and

concurrency control.

Concept of layering. LAN technologies (Ethernet). Flow and error control techniques,

switching. IPv4/IPv6, routers and routing algorithms (distance vector, link state). TCP/UDP

and sockets, congestion control. Application layer protocols (DNS, SMTP, POP, FTP, HTTP).

Basics of Wi-Fi. Network security: authentication, basics of public key and private key

cryptography, digital signatures and certificates, firewalls.

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EY

Section 1: Ecology

Population ecology; metapopulation dynamics; growth rates; density independent

growth; density dependent growth; niche concept;

Species interactions: Plant-animal interactions; mutualism, commensalism, competition

and predation; trophic interactions; functional ecology; ecophysiology; behavioural

ecology;

Community ecology: Community assembly, organization and evolution; biodiversity:

species richness, evenness and diversity indices; endemism; species-area relationships;

Ecosystem structure, function and services; nutrient cycles; biomes; habitat ecology;

primary and secondary productivity; invasive species; global and climate change;

applied ecology.

Section 2: Evolution

Origin, evolution and diversification of life; natural selection; levels of selection.

Types of selection (stabilizing, directional etc.); sexual selection; genetic drift; gene flow;

adaptation; convergence; species concepts;

Life history strategies; adaptive radiation; biogeography and evolutionary ecology;

Origin of genetic variation; Mendelian genetics; polygenic traits, linkage and

recombination; epistasis, gene-environment interaction; heritability; population genetics;

Molecular evolution; molecular clocks; systems of classification: cladistics and phenetics;

molecular systematics; gene expression and evolution.

Mathematics and statistics in ecology; Simple functions (linear, quadratic, exponential,

logarithmic, etc); concept of derivatives and slope of a function; permutations and

combinations; basic probability (probability of random events; sequences of events, etc);

frequency distributions and their descriptive statistics (mean, variance, coefficient of

variation, correlation, etc).

Statistical hypothesis testing: Concept of p-value; Type I and Type II error, test statistics like

t-test and Chi-square test; basics of linear regression and ANOVA.

Classical ethology; neuroethology; evolutionary ethology; chemical, acoustic and visual

signaling

Mating systems; sexual dimorphism; mate choice; parenting behaviour Competition;

aggression; foraging behaviour; predatorprey interactions; Sociobiology: kin selection,

altruism, costs and benefits of group-living.

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EE

Electrical Engineering

Linear Algebra: Matrix Algebra, Systems of linear equations, Eigenvalues, Eigenvectors.

Calculus: Mean value theorems, Theorems of integral calculus, Evaluation of definite and

improper integrals, Partial Derivatives, Maxima and minima, Multiple integrals, Fourier

series, Vector identities, Directional derivatives, Line integral, Surface integral, Volume

integral, Stokess theorem, Gausss theorem, Greens theorem.

Differential equations: First order equations (linear and nonlinear), Higher order linear

differential equations with constant coefficients, Method of variation of parameters,

Cauchys equation, Eulers equation, Initial and boundary value problems, Partial

Differential Equations, Method of separation of variables.

Complex variables: Analytic functions, Cauchys integral theorem, Cauchys integral

formula, Taylor series, Laurent series, Residue theorem, Solution integrals.

Probability and Statistics: Sampling theorems, Conditional probability, Mean, Median,

Mode, Standard Deviation, Random variables, Discrete and Continuous distributions,

Poisson distribution, Normal distribution, Binomial distribution, Correlation analysis,

Regression analysis.

Numerical Methods: Solutions of nonlinear algebraic equations, Single and Multistep

methods for differential equations.

Transform Theory: Fourier Transform, Laplace Transform, zTransform.

Electrical Engineering

Network graph, KCL, KVL, Node and Mesh analysis, Transient response of dc and ac

networks, Sinusoidal steadystate analysis, Resonance, Passive filters, Ideal current and

voltage sources, Thevenins theorem, Nortons theorem, Superposition theorem, Maximum

power transfer theorem, Twoport networks, Three phase circuits, Power and power factor

in ac circuits.

Coulomb's Law, Electric Field Intensity, Electric Flux Density, Gauss's Law, Divergence,

Electric field and potential due to point, line, plane and spherical charge distributions,

Effect of dielectric medium, Capacitance of simple configurations, BiotSavarts law,

Amperes law, Curl, Faradays law, Lorentz force, Inductance, Magnetomotive force,

Reluctance, Magnetic circuits,Self and Mutual inductance of simple configurations.

Representation of continuous and discretetime signals, Shifting and scaling operations,

Linear Time Invariant and Causal systems, Fourier series representation of continuous

periodic signals, Sampling theorem, Applications of Fourier Transform, Laplace Transform

and z-Transform.

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Single phase transformer: equivalent circuit, phasor diagram, open circuit and short circuit

tests, regulation and efficiency; Three phase transformers: connections, parallel operation;

Autotransformer, Electromechanical energy conversion principles, DC machines:

separately excited, series and shunt, motoring and generating mode of operation and

their characteristics, starting and speed control of dc motors; Three phase induction

motors: principle of operation, types, performance, torque-speed characteristics, no-load

and blocked rotor tests, equivalent circuit, starting and speed control; Operating principle

of single phase induction motors; Synchronous machines: cylindrical and salient pole

machines, performance, regulation and parallel operation of generators, starting of

synchronous motor, characteristics; Types of losses and efficiency calculations of electric

machines.

Power generation concepts, ac and dc transmission concepts, Models and performance

of transmission lines and cables, Series and shunt compensation, Electric field distribution

and insulators, Distribution systems, Perunit quantities, Bus admittance matrix, GaussSeidel and Newton-Raphson load flow methods, Voltage and Frequency control, Power

factor correction, Symmetrical components, Symmetrical and unsymmetrical fault

analysis, Principles of overcurrent, differential and distance protection; Circuit breakers,

System stability concepts, Equal area criterion.

Mathematical modeling and representation of systems, Feedback principle, transfer

function, Block diagrams and Signal flow graphs, Transient and Steadystate analysis of

linear time invariant systems, Routh-Hurwitz and Nyquist criteria, Bode plots, Root loci,

Stability analysis, Lag, Lead and LeadLag compensators; P, PI and PID controllers; State

space model, State transition matrix.

Bridges and Potentiometers, Measurement of voltage, current, power, energy and power

factor; Instrument transformers, Digital voltmeters and multimeters, Phase, Time and

Frequency measurement; Oscilloscopes, Error analysis.

Characteristics of diodes, BJT, MOSFET; Simple diode circuits: clipping, clamping, rectifiers;

Amplifiers: Biasing, Equivalent circuit and Frequency response; Oscillators and Feedback

amplifiers; Operational amplifiers: Characteristics and applications; Simple active filters,

VCOs and Timers, Combinational and Sequential logic circuits, Multiplexer, Demultiplexer,

Schmitt trigger, Sample and hold circuits, A/D and D/A converters, 8085Microprocessor:

Architecture, Programming and Interfacing.

Characteristics of semiconductor power devices: Diode, Thyristor, Triac, GTO, MOSFET,

IGBT; DC to DC conversion: Buck, Boost and Buck-Boost converters; Single and three

phase configuration of uncontrolled rectifiers, Line commutated thyristor based

converters, Bidirectional ac to dc voltage source converters, Issues of line current

harmonics, Power factor, Distortion factor of ac to dc converters, Single phase and three

phase inverters, Sinusoidal pulse width modulation.

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EC

Linear Algebra: Vector space, basis, linear dependence and independence, matrix

algebra, eigen values and eigen vectors, rank, solution of linear equations existence

and uniqueness.

Calculus: Mean value theorems, theorems of integral calculus, evaluation of definite and

improper integrals, partial derivatives, maxima and minima, multiple integrals, line, surface

and volume integrals, Taylor series.

Differential Equations: First order equations (linear and nonlinear), higher order linear

differential equations, Cauchy's and Euler's equations, methods of solution using variation

of parameters, complementary function and particular integral, partial differential

equations, variable separable method, initial and boundary value problems.

Vector Analysis: Vectors in plane and space, vector operations, gradient, divergence and

curl, Gauss's, Green's and Stoke's theorems.

Complex Analysis: Analytic functions, Cauchy's integral theorem, Cauchy's integral

formula; Taylor's and Laurent's series, residue theorem.

Numerical Methods: Solution of nonlinear equations, single and multi-step methods for

differential equations, convergence criteria.

Probability and Statistics: Mean, median, mode and standard deviation; combinatorial

probability, probability distribution functions - binomial, Poisson, exponential and normal;

Joint and conditional probability; Correlation and regression analysis.

Network solution methods: nodal and mesh analysis; Network theorems: superposition,

Thevenin and Nortons, maximum power transfer; WyeDelta transformation; Steady state

sinusoidal analysis using phasors; Time domain analysis of simple linear circuits; Solution of

network equations using Laplace transform; Frequency domain analysis of RLC circuits;

Linear 2port network parameters: driving point and transfer functions; State equations for

networks.

Continuous-time signals: Fourier series and Fourier transform representations, sampling

theorem and applications; Discrete-time signals: discrete-time Fourier transform (DTFT),

DFT, FFT, Z-transform, interpolation of discrete-time signals; LTI systems: definition and

properties, causality, stability, impulse response, convolution, poles and zeros, parallel and

cascade structure, frequency response, group delay, phase delay, digital filter design

techniques.

Energy bands in intrinsic and extrinsic silicon; Carrier transport: diffusion current, drift

current, mobility and resistivity; Generation and recombination of carriers; Poisson and

continuity equations; P-N junction, Zener diode, BJT, MOS capacitor, MOSFET, LED, photo

diode and solar cell; Integrated circuit fabrication process: oxidation, diffusion, ion

implantation, photolithography and twin-tub CMOS process.

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Small signal equivalent circuits of diodes, BJTs and MOSFETs; Simple diode circuits:

clipping, clamping and rectifiers; Single-stage BJT and MOSFET amplifiers: biasing, bias

stability, mid-frequency small signal analysis and frequency response; BJT and MOSFET

amplifiers: multi-stage, differential, feedback, power and operational; Simple op-amp

circuits; Active filters; Sinusoidal oscillators: criterion for oscillation, single-transistor and opamp configurations; Function generators, wave-shaping circuits and 555 timers; Voltage

reference circuits; Power supplies: ripple removal and regulation.

Number systems; Combinatorial circuits: Boolean algebra, minimization of functions using

Boolean identities and Karnaugh map, logic gates and their static CMOS

implementations, arithmetic circuits, code converters, multiplexers, decoders and PLAs;

Sequential circuits: latches and flipflops, counters, shiftregisters and finite state machines;

Data converters: sample and hold circuits, ADCs and DACs; Semiconductor memories:

ROM, SRAM, DRAM; 8-bit microprocessor (8085): architecture, programming, memory and

I/O interfacing.

Basic control system components; Feedback principle; Transfer function; Block diagram

representation; Signal flow graph; Transient and steady-state analysis of LTI systems;

Frequency response; Routh-Hurwitz and Nyquist stability criteria; Bode and root-locus plots;

Lag, lead and lag-lead compensation; State variable model and solution of state

equation of LTI systems.

Section 7: Communications

Random processes: autocorrelation and power spectral density, properties of white noise,

filtering of random signals through LTI systems; Analog communications: amplitude

modulation and demodulation, angle modulation and demodulation, spectra of AM and

FM, superheterodyne receivers, circuits for analog communications; Information theory:

entropy, mutual information and channel capacity theorem; Digital communications:

PCM, DPCM, digital modulation schemes, amplitude, phase and frequency shift keying

(ASK, PSK, FSK), QAM, MAP and ML decoding, matched filter receiver, calculation of

bandwidth, SNR and BER for digital modulation; Fundamentals of error correction,

Hamming codes; Timing and frequency synchronization, inter-symbol interference and its

mitigation; Basics of TDMA, FDMA and CDMA.

Section 8: Electromagnetics

Electrostatics; Maxwells equations: differential and integral forms and their interpretation,

boundary conditions, wave equation, Poynting vector; Plane waves and properties:

reflection and refraction, polarization, phase and group velocity, propagation through

various media, skin depth; Transmission lines: equations, characteristic impedance,

impedance matching, impedance transformation, S-parameters, Smith chart;

Waveguides: modes, boundary conditions, cut-off frequencies, dispersion relations;

Antennas: antenna types, radiation pattern, gain and directivity, return loss, antenna

arrays; Basics of radar; Light propagation in optical fibers.

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GG

Common Section

Earth and Planetary system - size, shape, internal structure and composition of the

earth; concept of isostasy; elements of seismology body and surface waves,

propagation of body waves in the earths interior; Gravitational field of the Earth;

geomagnetism and paleomagnetism; continental drift; plate tectonics

relationship with earthquakes, volcanism and mountain building; continental and

oceanic crust composition, structure and thickness.

Weathering and soil formation; landforms created by river, wind, glacier, ocean

and volcanoes. Basic structural geology - stress, strain and material response; brittle

and ductile deformation; nomenclature and classification of folds and faults.

Crystallography basic crystal symmetry and concept of point groups. Mineralogy

silicate crystal structure and determinative mineralogy of common rock forming

minerals. Petrology mineralogy and classification of common igneous,

sedimentary and metamorphic rocks. Geological time scale - geochronology and

absolute time. Stratigraphic principles; major stratigraphic divisions of India.

Geological and geographical distribution of mineral, coal and petroleum resources

of India.

Introduction to remote sensing. Engineering properties of rocks and soils. Ground

water geology.

Principles and applications of gravity, magnetic, electrical, electromagnetic,

seismic and radiometric methods of prospecting for oil, mineral and ground water;

introductory well logging.

Part A: Geology

Geomorphic processes and agents; development and evolution of landforms;

slope and drainage; processes in deep oceanic and near-shore regions;

quantitative and applied geomorphology.

Mechanism of rock deformation; primary and secondary structures; geometry and

genesis of folds, faults, joints and unconformities; cleavage, schistosity and lineation;

methods of projection; tectonites and their significance; shear zones; superposed

folding; basement-cover relationship.

Crystallography symmetry, forms and twinning; crystal chemistry; optical

mineralogy, classification of minerals, diagnostic physical and optical properties of

rock - forming minerals.

Cosmic abundance of elements; meteorites; geochemical evolution of the earth;

geochemical cycles; distribution of major, minor and trace elements in crust and

mantle; elements of geochemical thermodynamics;

isotope geochemistry;

geochemistry of waters including solution equilibria and water-rock interaction.

Igneous rocks classification, forms and textures; magmatic differentiation; binary

and ternary phase diagrams; major and trace elements as monitors of partial

melting and magma evolutionary processes. Sedimentary rocks texture and

structure; sedimentary processes and environments, sedimentary facies,

provencance and basin analysis. Metamorphic rocks structures and textures.

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facies, grade and baric types; metamorphism of pelitic, mafic and impure

carbonate rocks; role of fluids in metamorphism; metamorphic P-T-t paths and their

tectonic significance. Association of igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks

with tectonic setting. Igneous and metamorphic provinces

and important

sedimentary basins of India.

Morphology, classification and geological significance of important invertebrates,

vertebrates, plant fossils and microfossils.

Principles of Stratigraphy and concepts of correlation lithostratigraphy,

biostratigraphy and chronostratigraphy. Indian stratigraphy Precambrian and

Phanerozoic. Overview of Himalayan Geology.

Ore-mineralogy and optical properties of ore minerals; ore forming processes vis-vis ore-rock association (magmatic, hydrothermal, sedimentary, supergene and

metamorphogenic ores); fluid inclusions as an ore genetic tool. Coal and

petroleum geology; marine mineral resources. Prospecting and exploration of

economic mineral deposits - sampling, ore reserve estimation, geostatistics, mining

methods. Ore dressing and mineral economics. Origin and distribution of mineral,

fossil and nuclear fuel deposits in India.

Engineering properties of rocks and soils; rocks as construction materials; role of

geology in the construction of engineering structures including dams, tunnels and

excavation sites; natural hazards. Ground water geology exploration, well

hydraulics and water quality. Basic principles of remote sensing energy sources

and radiation principles, atmospheric absorption, interaction of energy with earths

surface, aerial-photo interpretation, multispectral remote sensing in visible, infrared,

thermal IR and microwave regions, digital processing of satellite images. GIS basic

concepts, raster and vector mode operations.

Part - B: Geophysics

The earth as a planet; different motions of the earth; gravity field of the earth,

Clairauts theorem, size and shape of earth; geomagnetic field, paleomagnetism;

Geothermics and heat flow; seismology and interior of the earth; variation of

density, velocity, pressure, temperature, electrical and magnetic properties of the

earth; earthquakes-causes and measurements, magnitude and intensity, focal

mechanisms, earthquake quantification, source characteristics, seismotectonics

and seismic hazards; digital seismographs,

Scalar and vector potential fields; Laplace, Maxwell and Helmholtz equations for

solution of different types of boundary value problems in Cartesian, cylindrical and

spherical polar coordinates; Greens theorem; Image theory; integral equations in

potential theory; Eikonal equation and Ray theory.

Absolute and relative gravity measurements; Gravimeters, Land, airborne,

shipborne and bore-hole gravity surveys; various corrections for gravity data

reduction free air, Bouguer and isostatic anomalies; density estimates of rocks;

regional and residual gravity separation; principle of equivalent stratum; data

enhancement techniques, upward and downward continuation; derivative maps,

wavelength filtering; preparation and analysis of gravity maps; gravity anomalies

and their interpretation anomalies due to geometrical and irregular shaped

bodies, depth rules, calculation of mass.

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of rocks and measurements, magnetometers, Land, airborne and marine magnetic

surveys, Various corrections applied to magnetic data, IGRF, Reduction to Pole

transformation, Poissons relation of gravity and magnetic potential field,

preparation of magnetic maps, upward and downward continuation, magnetic

anomalies-geometrical shaped bodies, depth estimates, Image processing

concepts in processing of magnetic anomaly maps; Interpretation of processed

magnetic anomaly data. Applications of gravity and magnetic methods for mineral

and oil exploration.

Conduction of electricity through rocks, electrical conductivities of metals, nonmetals, rock forming minerals and different rocks, concepts of D.C. resistivity

measurement, various electrode configurations for resistivity sounding and profiling,

application of filter theory, Type-curves over multi-layered structures, Dar-Zarrouck

parameters, reduction of layers, coefficient of anisotropy, interpretation of resistivity

field data, equivalence and suppression, self-potential and its origin, field

measurement,

Induced polarization, time and frequency domain IP

measurements; interpretation and applications of IP, ground-water exploration,

mineral exploration, environmental and engineering applications.

Basic concept of EM induction in the earth, Skin-depth, elliptic polarization, inphase

and quadrature components, Various EM methods, measurements in different

source-receiver configurations,. Earths natural electromagnetic field, tellurics,

magneto-tellurics; geomagnetic depth sounding principles, electromagnetic

profiling, Time domain EM method, EM scale modeling, processing of EM data and

interpretation. Geological applications including groundwater, mineral and

hydrocarbon exploration.

Seismic methods of prospecting; Elastic properties of earth materials; Reflection,

refraction and CDP surveys; land and marine seismic sources, generation and

propagation of elastic waves, velocity depth models, geophones, hydrophones,

recording instruments (DFS), digital formats, field layouts, seismic noises and noise

profile analysis, optimum geophone grouping, noise cancellation by shot and

geophone arrays, 2D and 3D seismic data acquisition, processing and

interpretation; CDP stacking charts, binning, filtering, dip-moveout, static and

dynamic corrections, Digital seismic data processing, seismic deconvolution and

migration methods, attribute analysis, bright and dim spots, seismic stratigraphy,

high resolution seismics, VSP, AVO. Reservoir geophysics.

Geophysical signal processing, sampling theorem, aliasing, Nyquist frequency,

Fourier series, periodic waveform, Fourier and Hilbert transform, Z-transform and

wavelet transform; power spectrum, delta function, auto correlation, cross

correlation, convolution, deconvolution, principles of digital filters, windows, poles

and zeros.

Principles and techniques of geophysical well-logging, SP, resistivity, induction,

gamma ray, neutron, density, sonic, temperature, dip meter, caliper, nuclear

magnetic, cement bond logging, micro-logs. Quantitative evaluation of formations

from well logs; well hydraulics and application of geophysical methods for

groundwater study; application of bore hole geophysics in ground water, mineral

and oil exploration.

Radioactive methods of prospecting and assaying of mineral (radioactive and non

radioactive) deposits, half-life, decay constant, radioactive equilibrium, G M

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for exploration, assaying and radioactive waste disposal.

Basic concepts of forward and inverse problems, Ill-posedness of inverse problems,

condition number, non-uniqueness and stability of solutions; L1, L2 and Lp norms,

overdetermined, underdetermined and mixed determined inverse problems, quasilinear and non-linear methods including Tikhonovs regularization method, Singular

Value Decomposion, Backus-Gilbert method, simulated annealing, genetic

algorithms and artificial neural network.

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IN

Instrumentation Engineering

Linear Algebra: Matrix algebra, systems of linear equations, Eigen values and Eigen

vectors.

Calculus: Mean value theorems, theorems of integral calculus, partial derivatives, maxima

and minima, multiple integrals, Fourier series, vector identities, line, surface and volume

integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Greens theorems.

Differential equations: First order equation (linear and nonlinear), higher order linear

differential equations with constant coefficients, method of variation of parameters,

Cauchys and Eulers equations, initial and boundary value problems, solution of partial

differential equations: variable separable method.

Analysis of complex variables: Analytic functions, Cauchys integral theorem and integral

formula, Taylors and Laurents series, residue theorem, solution of integrals.

Probability and Statistics: Sampling theorems, conditional probability, mean, median,

mode and standard deviation, random variables, discrete and continuous distributions:

normal, Poisson and binomial distributions.

Numerical Methods: Matrix inversion, solutions of non-linear algebraic equations, iterative

methods for solving differential equations, numerical integration, regression and

correlation analysis.

Instrumentation Engineering

Voltage and current sources: independent, dependent, ideal and practical; v-i

relationships of resistor, inductor, mutual inductor and capacitor; transient analysis of RLC

circuits with dc excitation.

Kirchoffs laws, mesh and nodal analysis, superposition, Thevenin, Norton, maximum power

transfer and reciprocity theorems.

Peak-, average- and rms values of ac quantities; apparent-, active- and reactive powers;

phasor analysis, impedance and admittance; series and parallel resonance, locus

diagrams, realization of basic filters with R, L and C elements.

One-port and two-port networks, driving point impedance and admittance, open-, and

short circuit parameters.

Periodic, aperiodic and impulse signals; Laplace, Fourier and z-transforms; transfer

function, frequency response of first and second order linear time invariant systems,

impulse response of systems; convolution, correlation. Discrete time system: impulse

response, frequency response, pulse transfer function; DFT and FFT; basics of IIR and FIR

filters.

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Feedback principles, signal flow graphs, transient response, steady-state-errors, Bode

plot, phase and gain margins, Routh and Nyquist criteria, root loci, design of lead, lag and

lead-lag compensators, state-space representation of systems; time-delay systems;

mechanical, hydraulic and pneumatic system components, synchro pair, servo and

stepper motors, servo valves; on-off, P, P-I, P-I-D, cascade, feedforward, and ratio

controllers.

Characteristics and applications of diode, Zener diode, BJT and MOSFET; small signal

analysis of transistor circuits, feedback amplifiers. Characteristics of operational amplifiers;

applications of opamps: difference amplifier, adder, subtractor, integrator, differentiator,

instrumentation amplifier, precision rectifier, active filters and other circuits. Oscillators,

signal generators, voltage controlled oscillators and phase locked loop.

Combinational logic circuits, minimization of Boolean functions. IC families: TTL and CMOS.

Arithmetic circuits, comparators, Schmitt trigger, multi-vibrators, sequential circuits, flipflops, shift registers, timers and counters; sample-and-hold circuit, multiplexer, analog-todigital (successive approximation, integrating, flash and sigma-delta) and digital-toanalog converters (weighted R, R-2R ladder and current steering logic). Characteristics of

ADC and DAC (resolution, quantization, significant bits, conversion/settling time); basics of

number systems, 8-bit microprocessor and microcontroller: applications, memory and

input-output interfacing; basics of data acquisition systems.

Section 7: Measurements

SI units, systematic and random errors in measurement, expression of uncertainty accuracy and precision index, propagation of errors. PMMC, MI and dynamometer type

instruments; dc potentiometer; bridges for measurement of R, L and C, Q-meter.

Measurement of voltage, current and power in single and three phase circuits; ac and dc

current probes; true rms meters, voltage and current scaling, instrument transformers,

timer/counter, time, phase and frequency measurements, digital voltmeter, digital

multimeter; oscilloscope, shielding and grounding.

Resistive-, capacitive-, inductive-, piezoelectric-, Hall effect sensors and associated signal

conditioning circuits; transducers for industrial instrumentation: displacement (linear and

angular), velocity, acceleration, force, torque, vibration, shock, pressure (including low

pressure), flow (differential pressure, variable area, electromagnetic, ultrasonic, turbine

and open channel flow meters) temperature (thermocouple, bolometer, RTD (3/4 wire),

thermistor, pyrometer and semiconductor); liquid level, pH, conductivity and viscosity

measurement.

Amplitude- and frequency modulation and demodulation; Shannon's sampling theorem,

pulse code modulation; frequency and time division multiplexing, amplitude-, phase-,

frequency-, pulse shift keying for digital modulation; optical sources and detectors: LED,

laser, photo-diode, light dependent resistor and their characteristics; interferometer:

applications in metrology; basics of fiber optic sensing.

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MA

Mathematics

Finite dimensional vector spaces; Linear transformations and their matrix representations,

rank; systems of linear equations, eigenvalues and eigenvectors, minimal polynomial,

Cayley-Hamilton Theorem, diagonalization, Jordan-canonical form, Hermitian, SkewHermitian and unitary matrices; Finite dimensional inner product spaces, Gram-Schmidt

orthonormalization process, self-adjoint operators, definite forms.

Analytic functions, conformal mappings, bilinear transformations; complex integration:

Cauchys integral theorem and formula; Liouvilles theorem, maximum modulus principle;

Zeros and singularities; Taylor and Laurents series; residue theorem and applications for

evaluating real integrals.

Sequences and series of functions, uniform convergence, power series, Fourier series,

functions of several variables, maxima, minima; Riemann integration, multiple integrals,

line, surface and volume integrals, theorems of Green, Stokes and Gauss; metric spaces,

compactness, completeness, Weierstrass approximation theorem; Lebesgue measure,

measurable functions; Lebesgue integral, Fatous lemma, dominated convergence

theorem.

First order ordinary differential equations, existence and uniqueness theorems for initial

value problems, systems of linear first order ordinary differential equations, linear ordinary

differential equations of higher order with constant coefficients; linear second order

ordinary differential equations with variable coefficients; method of Laplace transforms for

solving ordinary differential equations, series solutions (power series, Frobenius method);

Legendre and Bessel functions and their orthogonal properties.

Section 5: Algebra

Groups, subgroups, normal subgroups, quotient groups and homomorphism theorems,

automorphisms; cyclic groups and permutation groups, Sylows theorems and their

applications; Rings, ideals, prime and maximal ideals, quotient rings, unique factorization

domains, Principle ideal domains, Euclidean domains, polynomial rings and irreducibility

criteria; Fields, finite fields, field extensions.

Normed linear spaces, Banach spaces, Hahn-Banach extension theorem, open mapping

and closed graph theorems, principle of uniform boundedness; Inner-product spaces,

Hilbert spaces, orthonormal bases, Riesz representation theorem, bounded linear

operators.

Numerical solution of algebraic and transcendental equations: bisection, secant method,

Newton-Raphson method, fixed point iteration; interpolation: error of polynomial

interpolation, Lagrange, Newton interpolations; numerical differentiation; numerical

integration: Trapezoidal and Simpson rules; numerical solution of systems of linear

equations: direct methods (Gauss elimination, LU decomposition); iterative methods

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value problems: Eulers method, Runge-Kutta methods of order 2.

Linear and quasilinear first order partial differential equations, method of characteristics;

second order linear equations in two variables and their classification; Cauchy, Dirichlet

and Neumann problems; solutions of Laplace, wave in two dimensional Cartesian

coordinates, Interior and exterior Dirichlet problems in polar coordinates; Separation of

variables method for solving wave and diffusion equations in one space variable; Fourier

series and Fourier transform and Laplace transform methods of solutions for the above

equations.

Section 9: Topology

Basic concepts of topology, bases, subbases, subspace topology, order topology,

product topology, connectedness, compactness, countability and separation axioms,

Urysohns Lemma.

Probability space, conditional probability, Bayes theorem, independence, Random

variables, joint and conditional distributions, standard probability distributions and their

properties (Discrete uniform, Binomial, Poisson, Geometric, Negative binomial, Normal,

Exponential, Gamma, Continuous uniform, Bivariate normal, Multinomial), expectation,

conditional expectation, moments; Weak and strong law of large numbers, central limit

theorem; Sampling distributions, UMVU estimators, maximum likelihood estimators; Interval

, ,

estimation; Testing of hypotheses, standard parametric tests based on normal,

distributions; Simple linear regression.

Linear programming problem and its formulation, convex sets and their properties,

graphical method, basic feasible solution, simplex method, big-M and two phase

methods; infeasible and unbounded LPPs, alternate optima; Dual problem and duality

theorems, dual simplex method and its application in post optimality analysis; Balanced

and unbalanced transportation problems, Vogels approximation method for solving

transportation problems; Hungarian method for solving assignment problems.

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ME

Mechanical Engineering

Linear Algebra: Matrix algebra, systems of linear equations, eigenvalues and

eigenvectors.

Calculus: Functions of single variable, limit, continuity and differentiability, mean

value theorems, indeterminate forms; evaluation of definite and improper integrals;

double and triple integrals; partial derivatives, total derivative, Taylor series (in one

and two variables), maxima and minima, Fourier series; gradient, divergence and

curl, vector identities, directional derivatives, line, surface and volume integrals,

applications of Gauss, Stokes and Greens theorems.

Differential equations: First order equations (linear and nonlinear); higher order linear

differential equations with constant coefficients; Euler-Cauchy equation; initial and

boundary value problems; Laplace transforms; solutions of heat, wave and

Laplace's equations.

Complex variables: Analytic functions; Cauchy-Riemann equations; Cauchys

integral theorem and integral formula; Taylor and Laurent series.

Probability and Statistics: Definitions of probability, sampling theorems, conditional

probability; mean, median, mode and standard deviation; random variables,

binomial, Poisson and normal distributions.

Numerical Methods: Numerical solutions of linear and non-linear algebraic

equations; integration by trapezoidal and Simpsons rules; single and multi-step

methods for differential equations.

Engineering Mechanics: Free-body diagrams and equilibrium; trusses and frames;

virtual work; kinematics and dynamics of particles and of rigid bodies in plane

motion; impulse and momentum (linear and angular) and energy formulations,

collisions.

Mechanics of Materials: Stress and strain, elastic constants, Poisson's ratio; Mohrs

circle for plane stress and plane strain; thin cylinders; shear force and bending

moment diagrams; bending and shear stresses; deflection of beams; torsion of

circular shafts; Eulers theory of columns; energy methods; thermal stresses; strain

gauges and rosettes; testing of materials with universal testing machine; testing of

hardness and impact strength.

Theory of Machines: Displacement, velocity and acceleration analysis of plane

mechanisms; dynamic analysis of linkages; cams; gears and gear trains; flywheels

and governors; balancing of reciprocating and rotating masses; gyroscope.

Vibrations: Free and forced vibration of single degree of freedom systems, effect of

damping; vibration isolation; resonance; critical speeds of shafts.

Machine Design: Design for static and dynamic loading; failure theories; fatigue

strength and the S-N diagram; principles of the design of machine elements such as

bolted, riveted and welded joints; shafts, gears, rolling and sliding contact bearings,

brakes and clutches, springs.

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Fluid Mechanics: Fluid properties; fluid statics, manometry, buoyancy, forces on

submerged bodies, stability of floating bodies; control-volume analysis of mass,

momentum and energy; fluid acceleration; differential equations of continuity and

momentum; Bernoullis equation; dimensional analysis; viscous flow of

incompressible fluids, boundary layer, elementary turbulent flow, flow through pipes,

head losses in pipes, bends and fittings.

Heat-Transfer: Modes of heat transfer; one dimensional heat conduction, resistance

concept and electrical analogy, heat transfer through fins; unsteady heat

conduction, lumped parameter system, Heisler's charts; thermal boundary layer,

dimensionless parameters in free and forced convective heat transfer, heat transfer

correlations for flow over flat plates and through pipes, effect of turbulence; heat

exchanger performance, LMTD and NTU methods; radiative heat transfer, StefanBoltzmann law, Wien's displacement law, black and grey surfaces, view factors,

radiation network analysis.

Thermodynamics: Thermodynamic systems and processes; properties of pure

substances, behaviour of ideal and real gases; zeroth and first laws of

thermodynamics, calculation of work and heat in various processes; second law of

thermodynamics; thermodynamic property charts and tables, availability and

irreversibility; thermodynamic relations.

Applications: Power Engineering: Air and gas compressors; vapour and gas power

cycles, concepts of regeneration and reheat. I.C. Engines: Air-standard Otto, Diesel

and dual cycles. Refrigeration and air-conditioning: Vapour and gas refrigeration

and heat pump cycles; properties of moist air, psychrometric chart, basic

psychrometric processes. Turbomachinery: Impulse and reaction principles, velocity

diagrams, Pelton-wheel, Francis and Kaplan turbines.

Engineering Materials: Structure and properties of engineering materials, phase

diagrams, heat treatment, stress-strain diagrams for engineering materials.

Casting, Forming and Joining Processes: Different types of castings, design of

patterns, moulds and cores; solidification and cooling; riser and gating design.

Plastic deformation and yield criteria; fundamentals of hot and cold working

processes; load estimation for bulk (forging, rolling, extrusion, drawing) and sheet

(shearing, deep drawing, bending) metal forming processes; principles of powder

metallurgy. Principles of welding, brazing, soldering and adhesive bonding.

Machining and Machine Tool Operations: Mechanics of machining; basic machine

tools; single and multi-point cutting tools, tool geometry and materials, tool life and

wear; economics of machining; principles of non-traditional machining processes;

principles of work holding, design of jigs and fixtures.

Metrology and Inspection: Limits, fits and tolerances; linear and angular

measurements; comparators; gauge design; interferometry; form and finish

measurement; alignment and testing methods; tolerance analysis in manufacturing

and assembly.

Computer Integrated Manufacturing: Basic concepts of CAD/CAM and their

integration tools.

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planning, scheduling, materials requirement planning.

Inventory Control: Deterministic models; safety stock inventory control systems.

Operations Research: Linear programming, simplex method, transportation,

assignment, network flow models, simple queuing models, PERT and CPM.

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MT

Metallurgical Engineering

Linear Algebra: Matrices and Determinants, Systems of linear equations, Eigen

values and Eigen vectors.

Calculus: Limit, continuity and differentiability; Partial derivatives; Maxima and

minima; Sequences and series; Test for convergence; Fourier series.

Vector Calculus: Gradient; Divergence and Curl; Line, Surface and volume

integrals; Stokes, Gauss and Greens theorems.

Differential Equations: Linear and non-linear first order ODEs; Higher order linear

ODEs with constant coefficients; Cauchys and Eulers equations; Laplace

transforms; PDEs Laplace, one dimensional heat and wave equations.

Probability and Statistics: Definitions of probability and sampling theorems,

conditional probability, Mean, median, mode and standard deviation; Random

variables; Poisson, normal and binomial distributions; Correlation and regression

analysis.

Numerical Methods: Solutions of linear and non-linear (Bisection, Secant, NewtonRaphson methods) algebraic equations; integration by trapezoidal and Simpsons

rule; single and multi-step methods for differential equations.

Laws of thermodynamics, activity, equilibrium constant, applications to

metallurgical systems, solutions, phase equilibria, Ellingham and phase stability

diagrams, thermodynamics of surfaces, interfaces and defects, adsorption and

segregation; basic kinetic laws, order of reactions, rate constants and rate limiting

steps; principles of electro chemistry- single electrode potential, electrochemical

cells and polarizations, aqueous corrosion and protection of metals, galvanic

corrosion, crevice corrosion, pitting corrosion, intergranular corrosion, selective

leaching, oxidation and high temperature corrosion characterization and control;

heat transfer conduction, convection and heat transfer coefficient relations,

radiation, mass transfer diffusion and Ficks laws, mass transfer coefficients;

momentum transfer concepts of viscosity, shell balances, Bernoullis equation,

friction factors.

Minerals of economic importance, comminution techniques, size classification,

flotation, gravity and other methods of mineral processing; agglomeration, pyro-,

hydro-, and electro-metallurgical processes; material and energy balances;

principles and processes for the extraction of non-ferrous metals aluminium,

copper, zinc, lead, magnesium, nickel, titanium and other rare metals; iron and

steel making principles, role structure and properties of slags, metallurgical coke,

blast furnace, direct reduction processes, primary and secondary steel making,

ladle metallurgy operations including deoxidation, desulphurization, sulphide shape

control, inert gas rinsing and vacuum reactors; secondary refining processes

including AOD, VAD, VOD, VAR and ESR; ingot and continuous casting; stainless

steel making, furnaces and refractories.

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Crystal structure and bonding characteristics of metals, alloys, ceramics and

polymers, structure of surfaces and interfaces, nano-crystalline and amorphous

structures; solid solutions; solidification; phase transformation and binary phase

diagrams; principles of heat treatment of steels, cast iron and aluminium alloys;

surface treatments; recovery, recrystallization and grain growth; structure and

properties of industrially important ferrous and non-ferrous alloys; elements of X-ray

and electron diffraction; principles of optical, scanning and transmission electron

microscopy; industrial ceramics, polymers and composites; introduction to

electronic basis of thermal, optical, electrical and magnetic properties of materials;

introduction to electronic and opto-electronic materials.

Elasticity, yield criteria and plasticity; defects in crystals; elements of dislocation

theory types of dislocations, slip and twinning, source and multiplication of

dislocations, stress fields around dislocations, partial dislocations, dislocation

interactions and reactions; strengthening mechanisms; tensile, fatigue and creep

behaviour; superplasticity; fracture Griffith theory, basic concepts of linear elastic

and elastoplastic fracture mechanics, ductile to brittle transition, fracture

toughness; failure analysis; mechanical testing tension, compression, torsion,

hardness, impact, creep, fatigue, fracture toughness and formability.

Metal casting patterns and moulds including mould design involving feeding,

gating and risering, melting, casting practices in sand casting, permanent mould

casting, investment casting and shell moulding, casting defects and repair; Hot,

warm and cold working of metals; Metal forming fundamentals of metal forming

processes of rolling, forging, extrusion, wire drawing and sheet metal forming,

defects in forming; Metal joining soldering, brazing and welding, common welding

processes of shielded metal arc welding, gas metal arc welding, gas tungsten arc

welding and submerged arc welding; Welding metallurgy, problems associated

with welding of steels and aluminium alloys, defects in welded joints; Powder

metallurgy production of powders, compaction and sintering; NDT using dyepenetrant, ultrasonic, radiography, eddy current, acoustic emission and magnetic

particle methods.

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MN

Mining Engineering

Linear Algebra: Matrices and Determinants;

values and Eigen vectors.

Eigen

minima; Sequences and series; Test for convergence; Fourier series.

Vector Calculus: Gradient; Divergence and Curl; Line; surface and volume

integrals; Stokes, Gauss and Greens theorems.

Diferential Equations: Linear and non-linear first order ODEs; Higher order linear ODEs

with constant coefficients; Cauchys and Eulers equations.

Probability and Statistics: Measures of central tendency; Random variables; Poisson,

normal and binomial distributions; Correlation and regression analysis.

Numerical Methods: Solutions of linear algebraic equations; Integration of

trapezoidal and Simpsons rule; Single and multi-step methods for differential

equations.

Mine Development: Methods of access to deposits; Underground drivages; Drilling

methods and machines; Explosives, blasting devices and practices.

Mine Surveying: Levels and leveling, theodolite, tacheometry, triangulation;

Contouring; Errors and adjustments; Correlation; Underground surveying; Curves;

Photogrammetry; Field astronomy; EDM and Total Station; Introductory GPS .

Engineering Mechanics: Equivalent force systems; Equations of equilibrium; Two

dimensional frames and trusses; Free body diagrams; Friction forces; Particle

kinematics and dynamics; Beam analysis.

Geomechanics: Geo-technical properties of rocks; Rock mass classification;

Instrumentation and stress measurement techniques; Theories of rock failure;

Ground vibrations; Stress distribution around mine openings; Subsidence; Rock bursts

and coal bumps; Slope stability.

Ground Control: Design of pillars; Roof supporting systems; Mine filling.

Mining Methods: Surface mining: layout, development, loading, transportation and

mechanization, continuous surface mining systems; Underground coal mining: bord

and pillar systems, room and pillar mining, longwall mining, thick seam mining

methods; highwall mining; Underground metal mining: open, supported and caved

stoping methods, stope mechanization, ore handling systems.

Mining Machinery: Generation and transmission of mechanical, hydraulic and

pneumatic power; Materials handling: haulages, conveyors, face and

development machinery, hoisting systems, pumps, crushers.

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Surface Environment: Air, water and soil pollution : Standards of quality, causes and

dispersion of contamination, and control; Noise; Land reclamation.

Mine Ventilation: Underground atmosphere; Heat load sources and thermal

environment, air cooling; Mechanics of air flow, distribution, natural and

mechanical ventilation; Mine fans and their usage; Auxiliary ventilation; Ventilation

planning; Ventilation networks.

Subsurface Hazards: Mine Gases. Underground hazards from fires, explosions, dust

and inundation; Rescue apparatus and practices; Safety in mines; Accident data

analysis; Mine lighting; Mine legislation; Occupational safety.

Mine Economics: Mineral resource classification; Discounted cash flow analysis;

Mine valuation; Mine investment analysis; Mineral taxation.

Mine Planning: Sampling methods, practices and interpretation; Reserve estimation

techniques: Basics of geostatistics and quality control; Optimization of facility

location; Work-study.

Systems Engineering: Concepts of reliability; Reliability of simple systems;

Maintainability and availability; Linear programming,

transportation and

assignment problems; Network analysis; Inventory models; Queueing theory; Basics

of simulation.

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PE

Petroleum Engineering

1. Linear Algebra: Matrix algebra, Systems of linear equations, Eigen values and eigenvectors.

2. Calculus: Functions of single variable, Limit, continuity and differentiability, Taylor series,

Mean value theorems, Evaluation of definite and improper integrals, Partial derivatives, Total

derivative, Maxima and minima, Gradient, Divergence and Curl, Vector identities, Directional

derivatives, Line, Surface and Volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Greens theorems.

3. Differential equations: First order equations (linear and nonlinear), Higher order linear

differential equations with constant coefficients, Cauchys and Eulers equations, Initial and

boundary value problems, Laplace transforms, Solutions of one dimensional heat and wave

equations and Laplace equation.

4. Complex variables: Complex number, polar form of complex number, triangle inequality.

5. Probability and Statistics: Definitions of probability and sampling theorems, Conditional

probability, Mean, median, mode and standard deviation, Random variables, Poisson, Normal

and Binomial distributions, Linear regression analysis.

6. Numerical Methods: Numerical solutions of linear and non-linear algebraic equations.

Integration by trapezoidal and Simpsons rule. Single and multi-step methods for numerical

solution of differential equations.

7. Petroleum Exploration: Classification and description of some common rocks with special

reference to clastic and nonclastic reservoir rocks. Origin, migration and accumulation of

Petroleum. Petroleum exploration methods.

8. Oil and Gas Well Drilling Technology: Well planning. Drilling method. Drilling rigs Rig

operating systems. Drilling fluids function and properties. Drilling fluid maintenance

equipment. Oil & gas well cementing operations. Drill bit types and their applications. Drill

string & Casing string function, operations, selection & design. Drilling problems, their control

& remedies. Directional drilling tools. Directional survey. Application of horizontal, multilateral,

extended reach, slim wells.

9. Reservoir Engineering: Petrophysical properties of reservoir rocks. Coring and core

analysis. Reservoir fluid properties. Phase behavior of hydrocarbon system. Flow of fluids

through porous media. Water and gas coning. Reservoir pressure measurements. Reservoir

drives, drive mechanics and recovery factors. Reserve estimation & techniques.

10. Petroleum Production Operations: Well equipments. Well completion techniques. Well

production problems and mitigation. Well servicing & Workover operations. Workover &

completion fluids. Formation damage. Well stimulation techniques. Artificial lift techniques.

Field processing of oil & gas. Storage and transportation of petroleum and petroleum

products. Metering and measurements oil & gas. Production system analysis & optimization.

Production testing. Multiphase flow in tubing and flow-lines. Nodal system analysis. Pressure

vessels, storage tanks, shell and tube heat exchangers, pumps and compressors, LNG value

chain.

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11. Offshore Drilling and Production Practices: Offshore oil and gas operations & ocean

environment. Offshore fixed platforms, Offshore mobile units, Station keeping methods like

mooring & dynamic positioning system. Offshore drilling from fixed platform, jack-up, ships

and semi submersibles. Use of conductors and risers. Offshore well completion. Deep water

applications of subsea technology. Offshore production: Oil processing platforms, water

injection platforms, storage, SPM and SBM transportation and utilities. Deep water drilling rig.

Deep water production system. Emerging deep water technologies.

12. Petroleum Formation Evaluation: Evaluation of petrophysical of sub-surface formations:

Principles applications, advantages and disadvantages of SP, resistivity, radioactive, acoustic

logs and types of tools used. Evaluation of CBL/VDL, USIT, SFT, RFT. Production logging

tools, principles, limitations and applications. Special type of logging tools. Casing inspection

tools (principles, applications and limitations), Formations micro scanner (FMS), NMR logging

principles. Standard log interpretation methods. Cross-plotting methods.

13. Oil and Gas Well Testing: Diffusivity equation, derivation & solutions. Radius of

investigation. Principle of superposition. Horners approximation. Drill Stem Testing. Pressure

Transient Tests: Drawdown and build up-test analysis. Wellbore effects. Multilayer reservoirs.

Injection well testing. Multiple well testing. Interference testing, Pulse testing, well-test

analysis by use of type curves. Gas well testing.

14. Health Safety and Environment in Petroleum Industry: Health hazards in Petroleum

Industry: Toxicity, Physiological, Asphyxiation, respiratory and skin effect of petroleum

hydrocarbons, sour gases. Safety System: Manual & automatic shutdown system, blow down

systems. Gas detection system. Fire detection and suppression systems. Personal protection

system & measures. HSE Policies. Disaster & crisis management in Petroleum Industry.

Environment: Environment concepts, impact on eco-system, air, water and soil. The impact of

drilling & production operations on environment, Environmental transport of petroleum wastes.

Offshore environmental studies. Offshore oil spill and oil spill control. Waste treatment

methods.

15. Enhanced Oil Recovery Techniques: Basic principles and mechanism of EOR, Screening

of EOR process. Concept of pattern flooding, recovery efficiency, permeability heterogeneity.

Macroscopic and microscopic displacement efficiency. EOR methods: Chemical flooding,

Miscible flooding, Thermal recoveries (steam stimulation, hot water & steam flooding, in-situ

combustion), Microbial EOR.

16. Latest trends in Petroleum Engineering: Coal bed methane, shale gas, oil shale, gas

hydrate, and heavy oil.

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PH

PHYSICS

Linear vector space: basis, orthogonality and completeness; matrices; vector

calculus; linear differential equations; elements of complex analysis: CauchyRiemann conditions, Cauchys theorems, singularities, residue theorem and

applications; Laplace transforms, Fourier analysis; elementary ideas about tensors:

covariant and contravariant tensor, Levi-Civita and Christoffel symbols.

DAlemberts principle, cyclic coordinates, variational principle, Lagranges

equation of motion, central force and scattering problems, rigid body motion;

small oscillations, Hamiltons formalisms;

Poisson bracket; special theory of

relativity: Lorentz transformations, relativistic kinematics, massenergy equivalence.

Solutions of electrostatic and magnetostatic problems including boundary value

problems; dielectrics and conductors; Maxwells equations; scalar and vector

potentials; Coulomb and Lorentz gauges; Electromagnetic waves and their

reflection, refraction, interference, diffraction and polarization; Poynting vector,

Poynting theorem, energy and momentum of electromagnetic waves; radiation

from a moving charge.

Postulates of quantum mechanics; uncertainty principle; Schrodinger equation;

one-, two- and three-dimensional potential problems; particle in a box, transmission

through one dimensional potential barriers, harmonic oscillator, hydrogen atom;

linear vectors and operators in Hilbert space; angular momentum and spin;

addition of angular momenta; time independent perturbation theory; elementary

scattering theory.

Laws of thermodynamics; macrostates and microstates; phase space; ensembles;

partition function, free energy, calculation of thermodynamic quantities; classical

and quantum statistics; degenerate Fermi gas; black body radiation and Plancks

distribution law; BoseEinstein condensation; first and second order phase

transitions, phase equilibria, critical point.

Spectra of one and manyelectron atoms; LS and jj coupling; hyperfine structure;

Zeeman and Stark effects; electric dipole transitions and selection rules; rotational

and vibrational spectra of diatomic molecules; electronic transition in diatomic

molecules, FranckCondon principle; Raman effect; NMR, ESR, X-ray spectra;

lasers: Einstein coefficients, population inversion, two and three level systems.

Elements of crystallography; diffraction methods for structure determination;

bonding in solids; lattice vibrations and thermal properties of solids; free electron

theory; band theory of solids: nearly free electron and tight binding models; metals,

semiconductors and insulators; conductivity, mobility and effective mass; optical,

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and Type II superconductors, Meissner effect, London equation.

Semiconductor devices: diodes, Bipolar Junction Transistors, Field Effect Transistors;

operational amplifiers: negative feedback circuits, active filters and oscillators;

regulated power supplies; basic digital logic circuits, sequential circuits, flipflops,

counters, registers, A/D and D/A conversion.

Nuclear radii and charge distributions, nuclear binding energy, Electric and

magnetic moments; nuclear models, liquid drop model: semiempirical mass

formula, Fermi gas model of nucleus, nuclear shell model; nuclear force and two

nucleon problem; alpha decay, betadecay, electromagnetic transitions in nuclei;

Rutherford scattering, nuclear reactions, conservation laws; fission and fusion;

particle accelerators and detectors; elementary particles, photons, baryons,

mesons and leptons; quark model.

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PI

Linear Algebra: Matrix algebra, Systems of linear equations, Eigen values and eigen

vectors.

Calculus: Functions of single variable, Limit, continuity and differentiability, Mean

value theorems, Evaluation of definite and improper integrals, Partial derivatives,

Total derivative, Maxima and minima, Gradient, Divergence and Curl, Vector

identities, Directional derivatives, Line, Surface and Volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss

and Greens theorems.

Differential equations: First order equations (linear and nonlinear), Higher order linear

differential equations with constant coefficients, Cauchys and Eulers equations,

Initial and boundary value problems, Laplace transforms, Solutions of one

dimensional heat and wave equations and Laplace equation.

Complex variables: Analytic functions, Cauchys integral theorem, Taylor series.

Probability and Statistics: Definitions of probability and sampling theorems,

Conditional probability, Mean, median, mode and standard deviation, Random

variables, Poisson, Normal and Binomial distributions.

Numerical Methods: Numerical solutions of linear and non-linear algebraic

equations Integration by trapezoidal and Simpsons rule, single and multi-step

methods for differential equations.

Engineering Materials: Structure and properties correlation;engineering materials

(metals, ceramics, polymers and composites) properties and applications; stressstrain behavior of metals and alloys;iron-carbon phase diagram, heat treatment of

metals and alloys, its influence on mechanical properties.

Applied Mechanics: Engineering mechanics equivalent force systems, free body

concepts, equations of equilibrium; trusses; strength of materials stress, strain and

their relationship; failure theories, Mohrs circle(stress), deflection of beams, bending

and shear stress, Eulers theory of columns.

Theory of Machines and Design: Analysis of planar mechanisms, cams and

followers; governors and fly wheels; design of bolted, riveted and welded joints;

interference/shrink fit joints; design of shafts, keys, spur gears, belt drives, brakes and

clutches; pressure vessels.

Thermal and FluidsEngineering: Fluid mechanics fluid statics, Bernoullis equation,

flow through pipes, equations of continuity and momentum, capillary action,

contact angle and wetting; thermodynamics zeroth, first and second law of

thermodynamics, thermodynamic system and processes, calculation of work and

heat for systems and control volumes; air standard cycles; heat transfer

basicapplicationsof conduction, convection and radiation.

Casting: types of casting processes and applications; patterns types and

materials; allowances; moulds and cores materials, making, and testing; casting

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techniques of cast iron, steels and nonferrous metals and alloys; analysis

ofsolidification andmicrostructure development; design of gating and riser; origin of

defects.

Metal Forming: Stress-strain relations in elastic and plastic deformation; concept of

flow stress; hot and cold working forging, rolling, extrusion and wire drawing; sheet

metal working processes blanking, bending and deep drawing; ideal work and

slab analysis;origin of metal workingdefects.

Joining of materials: Principles of fusion welding processes(manual metal arc, MIG,

TIG, plasma arc, submerged arc welding processes)different heat sources (flame,

arc, resistive, laser, electron beam), and heat transfer and associated losses, flux

application, feeding of filler rod; Principles of solid state welding processes (friction,

explosive welding, ultrasonic welding processes); Principles of adhesive, brazing and

soldering processes; Origins of welding defects.

Powder processing: Production of metal/ceramic powders, compaction and

sintering of metals and ceramic powders.

Polymers and Composites: Plastic processing injection, compression and blow

molding, extrusion, calendaring and thermoforming; molding of composites.

Machine Tools and Machining: Basic machine tools like centre lathe, milling

machine, and drilling machine construction and kinematics; machining processes

- turning, taper turning, thread cutting, drilling, boring, milling, gear cutting, thread

production, grinding; geometry of single point cutting tools, chip formation, cutting

forces, specific cutting energy and power requirements, Merchants analysis; basis

ofselection of machining parameters; tool materials, tool wear and tool life,

economics of machining, thermal aspects of machining, cutting fluids,

machinability; Jigs and fixtures principles, applications, and design

Non-traditional Manufacturing: Principles, applications, effect of process

parameters on MRR and product quality of non-traditional machining processes

USM, AJM, WJM, AWJM, EDM and Wire cut EDM, LBM, EBM, PAM, CHM, ECM.

Computer Integrated Manufacturing: Basic concepts of CAD geometric modeling,

CAM CNC and robotics configurations, drives and controls, Group Technology

and its applications CAPP, cellular manufacturing and FMS.

Metrology and Inspection: Limits, fits, and tolerances, gauge design,

interchangeability,

selective

assembly;

linear,

angular,

and

form

measurements(straightness, squareness, flatness, roundness, and cylindricity) by

mechanical and optical methods; inspection of screw threads and gears; surface

finish measurement by contact and non-contact methods;tolerance analysis in

manufacturing and assembly.

Quality management: Quality concept and costs; quality assurance; statistical

quality control, acceptance sampling, zero defects, six sigma; total quality

management; ISO 9000.

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of failure and repair times; determination of MTBF and MTTR, reliability models;

determination of system reliability; preventive maintenance and replacement.

Product Design and Development: Principles of good product design, tolerance

design; quality and cost considerations; product life cycle; standardization,

simplification, diversification, value engineering and analysis, concurrent

engineering;comparison of production alternatives.

Work System Design: Taylors scientific management, Gilbrethss contributions;

productivity concepts and measurements; methodstudy, micro-motion study,

principles of motion economy; work measurement time study, work sampling,

standard data, PMTS; ergonomics; job evaluation, merit rating, incentive schemes,

and wage administration.

Facility Design: Facility location factors and evaluation of alternate locations; types

of plant layout and their evaluation; computer aided layout design techniques;

assembly line balancing; materials handling systems.

Operation Research: Linear programming problem formulation, simplex method,

duality and sensitivity analysis; transportation and assignment models; network flow

models, constrained optimization and Lagrange multipliers; Markovian queuing

models; dynamic programming; simulation manufacturing applications.

Engineering Economy and Costing: Elementary cost accounting and methods of

depreciation; break-even analysis, techniques for evaluation of capital investments,

financial statements, time-cost trade-off, resource leveling.

Production control: Forecasting techniques causal and time series models, moving

average, exponential smoothing, trend and seasonality; aggregate production

planning; master production scheduling; MRP and MRP-II; routing, scheduling and

priority dispatching; Push and pull production systems, concept of JIT

manufacturing system; Logistics, distribution, and supply chain management;

Inventory functions, costs, classifications, deterministicinventory models, quantity

discount; perpetual and periodic inventory control systems.

Project management PERT and CPM.

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TF

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Linear Algebra: Matrices and Determinants, Systems of linear equations, Eigen

values and eigen vectors.

Calculus: Limit, continuity and differentiability; Partial Derivatives; Maxima and

minima; Sequences and series; Test for convergence; Fourier series.

Vector Calculus: Gradient; Divergence and Curl; Line; surface and volume

integrals; Stokes, Gauss and Greens theorems.

Differential Equations: Linear and non-linear first order ODEs; Higher order linear

ODEs with constant coefficients; Cauchys and Eulers equations; Laplace

transforms; PDEs Laplace, heat and wave equations.

Probability and Statistics: Mean, median, mode and standard deviation; Random

variables; Poisson, normal and binomial distributions; Correlation and regression

analysis.

Numerical Methods: Solutions of linear and non-linear algebraic equations;

integration of trapezoidal and Simpsons rule; single and multi-step methods for

differential equations.

TEXTILE ENGINEERING AND FIBRE SCIENCE

Section 1: Textile Fibers

Classification of textile fibers; Essential requirements of fiber forming polymers;

Gross and fine structure of natural fibers like cotton, wool, silk, Introduction to

important bast fibres; properties and uses of natural and man- made fibres including

carbon, aramid and ultra high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) fibers;

physical and chemical methods of fiber and blend identification and blend analysis.

Molecular architecture, amorphous and crystalline phases, glass transition,

plasticization, crystallization, melting, factors affecting Tg and Tm; Production process

of viscose and other regenerated cellulosic fibres such as polynosic, lyocell.

Polymerization of nylon-6, nylon-66, poly (ethylene terephthalate), polyacrylonitrile and

polypropylene; Melt Spinning processes for PET, polyamide and polypropylene; Wet

and dry spinning processes for viscose and acrylic fibres; post spinning operations

such as drawing, heat setting, tow- to-top conversion and different texturing methods.

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birefringence, optical and electron microscopy, I.R. spectroscopy, thermal methods

(DSC, DMA/TMA, TGA); structure and morphology of man-made fibres,

mechanical properties of fibres, moisture sorption in fibres; fibre structure and

property correlation.

Section 2: Yarn manufacture, Yarn structure and Properties

Principles of opening, cleaning and mixing/blending of fibrous materials, working

principle of modern opening and cleaning equipment; the technology of carding,

carding of cotton and synthetic fibres; Drafting operation, roller and apron drafting

principle, causes of mass irregularity introduced by drafting; roller arrangements in

drafting systems; principles of cotton combing, combing cycle, mechanism and

function, combing efficiency, lap preparation; recent developments in comber;

Roving production, mechanism of bobbin building, roving twist; Principle of ring

spinning, forces acting on yarn and traveler, ring

& traveler designs, mechanism of cop formation, causes of end breakages;

Working principle of ring doubler and two for one twister, single and folded yarn

twist, properties of double yarns, production of core spun yarn; Principles of

compact, rotor, air jet, air vortex, core, wrap, twist less and friction spinning.

Yarn contraction, yarn diameter, specific volume & packing coefficient; Twist

factor, twist strength relationship in spun yarns; Fibre configuration and orientation

in yarn; Cause of fibre migration and its estimation; Irregularity index; Structure

property relationship of compact ring, rotor, air-jet and friction spun yarns.

Section 3: Fabric manufacture, Structure and Properties

Principles of winding processes and machines, random, precision and step

precision winding, package faults and their remedies; Yarn clearers and

tensioners; Different systems of yarn splicing; Features of modern cone winding

machines; Different types of warping creels; features of modern beam and

sectional warping machines; Different sizing systems, sizing of spun and filament

yarns, sizing machines; Principles of pirn winding processes and machines.

Primary and secondary motions of loom, cam design & kinematics of sley, effect of

their settings and timings on fabric formation, fabric appearance and weaving

performance; Dobby and jacquard shedding; Mechanics of weft insertion with

shuttle, warp and weft stop motions, warp protection, weft replenishment;

Principles of weft insertion systems of shuttle-less weaving machines; Principles of

multiphase and circular looms.

Principles of weft and warp knitting, basic weft and warp knitted structures;

Classification, production, properties and application of nonwoven fabrics, principle

of web formation & bonding.

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Basic woven fabric constructions and their derivatives; crepe, cord, terry, gauze,

leno and double cloth constructions. Peirces equations for fabric geometry;

elastica model of plain woven fabrics; thickness, cover and maximum set of woven

fabrics.

Section 4: Textile Testing

Sampling techniques, sample size and sampling errors; Measurement of fibre

length, fineness, crimp; measurement of cotton fiber maturity and trash content;

High volume fibre testing; Measurement of yarn count, twist and hairiness; Tensile

testing of fibers, yarns and fabrics; Evenness testing of slivers, rovings and yarns;

Classimat fault analysis; Testing equipment for measurement of fabric properties

like thickness, compressibility, air permeability, wetting & wicking, drape, crease

recovery, tear strength, bursting strength and abrasion resistance; Instruments

and systems for objective evaluation of fabric hand. Statistical analysis of

experimental results, frequency distributions, correlation, significance tests,

analysis of variance and control charts.

Section 5: Chemical processing

Impurities in natural fibre; Chemistry and practice of preparatory processes for

cotton, wool and silk; Mercerization of cotton; Preparatory processes for manmade

fibres and their blends.

Classification of dyes; Dyeing of cotton, wool, silk, polyester, nylon and acrylic with

appropriate dye classes; Dyeing of polyester/cotton and polyester/wool blends;

Dyeing machines; Dyeing of cotton knitted fabrics and machines used; Dye

fibre interaction; Introduction to thermodynamics and kinetics of dyeing; Methods

for determination of wash, light and rubbing fastness.

Styles of printing; Printing thickeners including synthetic thickeners; Printing

auxiliaries; Printing of cotton with reactive dyes, wool, silk, nylon with acid and

metal complex dyes, Printing of polyester with disperse dyes; Pigment

printing; Resist and discharge printing of cotton, silk and polyester; Transfer

printing of polyester; Inkjet printing.

Mechanical finishing of cotton. Stiff, soft, wrinkle resistant, water repellent, flame

retardant and enzyme (bio-polishing) finishing of cotton; Milling, decatizing and

shrink resistant finishing of wool; Antistatic and soil release finishing; Heat setting

of synthetic fabrics; Minimum application techniques; Pollution control and

treatment of effluents.

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Engineering Mathematics

Algebra of matrices; Inverse and rank of a matrix; System of linear equations; Symmetric,

skew-symmetric and orthogonal matrices; Determinants; Eigenvalues and eigenvectors;

Diagonalisation of matrices; Cayley-Hamilton Theorem.

Section 2: Calculus

Functions of single variable: Limit, continuity and differentiability; Mean value theorems;

Indeterminate forms and L'Hospital's rule; Maxima and minima; Taylor's theorem;

Fundamental theorem and mean value-theorems of integral calculus; Evaluation of

definite and improper integrals; Applications of definite integrals to evaluate areas and

volumes.

Functions of two variables: Limit, continuity and partial derivatives; Directional derivative;

Total derivative; Tangent plane and normal line; Maxima, minima and saddle points;

Method of Lagrange multipliers; Double and triple integrals, and their applications.

Sequence and series: Convergence of sequence and series; Tests for convergence;

Power series; Taylor's series; Fourier Series; Half range sine and cosine series.

Gradient, divergence and curl; Line and surface integrals; Green's theorem, Stokes

theorem and Gauss divergence theorem (without proofs).

Analytic functions; Cauchy-Riemann equations; Line integral, Cauchy's integral theorem

and integral formula (without proof); Taylor's series and Laurent series; Residue theorem

(without proof) and its applications.

First order equations (linear and nonlinear); Higher order linear differential equations with

constant coefficients; Second order linear differential equations with variable

coefficients; Method of variation of parameters; Cauchy-Euler equation; Power series

solutions; Legendre polynomials, Bessel functions of the first kind and their properties.

Classification of second order linear partial differential equations; Method of separation

of variables; Laplace equation; Solutions of one dimensional heat and wave equations.

Axioms of probability; Conditional probability; Bayes' Theorem; Discrete and continuous

random variables: Binomial, Poisson and normal distributions; Correlation and linear

regression.

Solution of systems of linear equations using LU decomposition, Gauss elimination and

Gauss-Seidel methods; Lagrange and Newton's interpolations, Solution of polynomial and

transcendental equations by Newton-Raphson method; Numerical integration by

trapezoidal rule, Simpson's rule and Gaussian quadrature rule; Numerical solutions of first

order differential equations by Euler's method and 4th order Runge-Kutta method.

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XE-B

Fluid Mechanics

viscosity, relationship between stress and strain-rate for Newtonian fluids, incompressible

and compressible flows, differences between laminar and turbulent flows. Hydrostatics:

Buoyancy, manometry, forces on submerged bodies.

Section 2: Kinematics

Eulerian and Lagrangian description of fluids motion, concept of local and convective

accelerations, steady and unsteady flows.

Control volume analysis for mass, momentum and energy.

Differential equations of mass and momentum for incompressible flows: inviscid - Euler

equation and viscous flows - Navier-Stokes equations, concept of fluid rotation, vorticity,

stream function, Exact solutions of Navier-Stokes equation for Couette Flow and Poiseuille

flow.

Bernoullis equation - assumptions and applications, potential function, Elementary plane

flows - uniform flow, source, sink and doublet and their superposition for potential flow

past simple geometries.

Concept of geometric, kinematic and dynamic similarity, some common non-dimensional

parameters and their physical significance: Reynolds number, Froude number and Mach

number.

Fully developed pipe flow, empirical relations for laminar and turbulent flows: friction

factor and Darcy-Weisbach relation.

Concept and assumptions, qualitative idea of boundary layer and separation,

streamlined and bluff bodies, drag and lift forces. Flow measurements: Basic ideas of flow

measurement using venturimeter, pitot-static tube and orifice plate.

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XE-C

Materials Science

Powder synthesis, sintering, chemical methods, crystal growth techniques, zone

refining, preparation of nanoparticles and thin films

X-ray diffraction, spectroscopic techniques like UV-vis, IR, Raman. Optical and

Electron microscopy

Crystal symmetry, point groups, space groups, indices of planes, close packing in

solids, bonding in materials, coordination and radius ratio concepts, point defects,

dislocations, grain boundaries, surface energy and equilibrium shapes of crystals

Phase rule, phase diagrams, solid solutions, invariant reactions, lever rule, basic

heat treatment of metals, solidification and phase transformations, Ficks laws of

diffusion, mechanisms of diffusion, temperature dependence of diffusivity

Mechanical Properties: Stress-strain response of metallic, ceramic and polymer

materials, yield strength, tensile strength and modulus of elasticity, toughness,

plastic deformation, fatigue, creep and fracture

Electronic Properties:Free electron theory, Fermi energy, density of states, elements

of band theory, semiconductors, Hall effect, dielectric behaviour, piezo, ferro,

pyroelectricmaterials

Magnetic Properties: Origin of magnetism in metallic and ceramic materials,

paramagnetism, diamagnetism, ferro and ferrimagnetism

Thermal Properties: Specific heat, thermal conductivity and thermal expansion,

thermoelectricity

Optical Properties: Refractive index, absorption and transmission of

electromagnetic radiation in solids, electrooptic and magnetoopticmaterials,

spontaneous and stimulated emission, gas and solid state lasers

Concept of amorphous, single crystals and polycrystalline materials, crystallinity

and its effect on physical properties, metal, ceramic, polymers, classification of

polymers, polymerization, structure and properties, additives for polymer products,

processing and applications, effect of environment on materials, composites

Corrosion, oxidation and prevention

Basics of quantum mechanics, quantum mechanical treatment of electrical,

optical and thermal properties of materials, analytical solid geometry,

differentiation and integration, differential equations, vectors and tensors, matrices,

Fourier series, complex analysis, probability and statistics

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XE-D

Solid Mechanics

Equivalent force systems; free-body diagrams; equilibrium equations; analysis of

determinate trusses and frames; friction; particle kinematics and dynamics;

dynamics of rigid bodies under planar motion; law of conservation of energy; law of

conservation of momentum.

Stresses and strains; principal stresses and strains; Mohrs circle for plane stress and

plane strain; generalized Hookes Law; elastic constants; thermal stresses; theories of

failure.

Axial, shear and bending moment diagrams; axial, shear and bending stresses;

combined stresses; deflection (for symmetric bending); torsion in circular shafts; thin

walled pressure vessels; energy methods (Castiglianos Theorems); Euler buckling.

Free vibration of single degree of freedom systems.

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XE-E

Thermodynamics

Continuum and macroscopic approach; thermodynamic systems (closed and

open); thermodynamic properties and equilibrium; state of a system, state

postulate for simple compressible substances, state diagrams, paths and processes

on state diagrams; concepts of heat and work, different modes of work; zeroth law

of thermodynamics; concept of temperature.

Concept of energy and various forms of energy; internal energy, enthalpy; specific

heats; first law applied to elementary processes, closed systems and control

volumes, steady and unsteady flow analysis.

Limitations of the first law of thermodynamics, concepts of heat engines and heat

pumps/refrigerators, Kelvin-Planck and Clausius statements and their equivalence;

reversible and irreversible processes; Carnot cycle and Carnot principles/theorems;

thermodynamic temperature scale; Clausius inequality and concept of entropy;

microscopic interpretation of entropy, the principle of increase of entropy, T-s

diagrams; second law analysis of control volume; availability and irreversibility; third

law of thermodynamics.

Thermodynamic properties of pure substances in solid, liquid and vapor phases; P-vT behaviour of simple compressible substances, phase rule, thermodynamic

property tables and charts, ideal and real gases, ideal gas equation of state and

van der Waals equation of state; law of corresponding states, compressibility factor

and generalized compressibility chart.

T-ds relations, Helmholtz and Gibbs functions, Gibbs relations, Maxwell relations,

Joule-Thomson coefficient, coefficient of volume expansion, adiabatic and

isothermal compressibilities, Clapeyron and Clapeyron-Clausius equations.

Carnot vapor cycle, ideal Rankine cycle, Rankine reheat cycle, air-standard Otto

cycle, air-standard Diesel cycle, air-standard Brayton cycle, vapor-compression

refrigeration cycle.

Daltons and Amagats laws, properties of ideal gas mixtures, air-water vapor

mixtures and simple thermodynamic processes involving them; specific and relative

humidities, dew point and wet bulb temperature, adiabatic saturation temperature,

psychrometric chart.

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XE-F

Monomers, functionality, degree of polymerizations, classification of polymers, glass

transition, melting transition, criteria for rubberiness, polymerization methods:

addition and condensation; their kinetics, metallocene polymers and other newer

techniques of polymerization, copolymerization, monomer reactivity ratios and its

significance, kinetics, different copolymers, random, alternating, azeotropic

copolymerization, block and graft copolymers, techniques for copolymerizationbulk, solution, suspension, emulsion.

Solubility and swelling, concept of average molecular weight, determination of

number average, weight average, viscosity average and Z-average molecular

weights, polymer crystallinity, analysis of polymers using IR, XRD, thermal (DSC,

DMTA, TGA), microscopic (optical and electronic) techniques.

Commodity and general purpose thermoplastics: PE, PP, PS, PVC, Polyesters,

Acrylic, PU polymers. Engineering Plastics: Nylon, PC, PBT, PSU, PPO, ABS,

Fluoropolymers Thermosetting polymers: PF, MF, UF, Epoxy, Unsaturated polyester,

Alkyds. Natural and synthetic rubbers: Recovery of NR hydrocarbon from latex, SBR,

Nitrile, CR, CSM, EPDM, IIR, BR, Silicone, TPE.

Difference between blends and composites, their significance, choice of polymers

for blending, blend miscibility-miscible and immiscible blends, thermodynamics,

phase morphology, polymer alloys, polymer eutectics, plastic-plastic, rubber-plastic

and rubber-rubber blends, FRP, particulate, long and short fibre reinforced

composites.

Polymer compounding-need and significance, different compounding ingredients

for rubber and plastics, cross-linking and vulcanization, vulcanization kinetics.

Flow of Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids, different flow equations,

dependence of shear modulus on temperature, molecular/segmental

deformations at different zones and transitions. Measurements of rheological

parameters by capillary rotating, parallel plate, cone-plate rheometer. Viscoelasticity-creep and stress relaxations, mechanical models, control of rheological

characteristics through compounding, rubber curing in parallel plate viscometer,

ODR and MDR.

Compression molding, transfer molding, injection molding, blow molding, reaction

injection molding, extrusion, pultrusion, calendaring, rotational molding,

thermoforming, rubber processing in two-roll mill, internal mixer.

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Mechanical-static and dynamic tensile, flexural, compressive, abrasion, endurance,

fatigue, hardness, tear, resilience, impact, toughness. Conductivity-thermal and

electrical, dielectric constant, dissipation factor, power factor, electric resistance,

surface resistivity, volume resistivity, swelling, ageing resistance, environmental stress

cracking resistance.

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XE - G

Food Technology

Carbohydrates: structure and functional properties of mono-, oligo-, & polysaccharides including starch, cellulose, pectic substances and dietary fibre,

gelatinization and retrogradation of starch. Proteins: classification and structure of

proteins in food, biochemical changes in post mortem and tenderization of

muscles. Lipids: classification and structure of lipids, rancidity, polymerization and

polymorphism. Pigments: carotenoids, chlorophylls, anthocyanins, tannins

and myoglobin. Food flavours: terpenes, esters, aldehydes, ketones and quinines.

Enzymes: specificity, simple and inhibition kinetics, coenzymes, enzymatic and nonenzymatic browning. Nutrition: balanced diet, essential amino acids and essential

fatty acids, protein efficiency ratio, water soluble and fat soluble vitamins, role of

minerals in nutrition, co-factors, anti-nutrients, nutraceuticals, nutrient deficiency

diseases. Chemical and biochemical c hanges: changes occur in foods during

different processing.

Characteristics of microorganisms: morphology of bacteria, yeast, mold and

actinomycetes, spores and vegetative cells, gram-staining. Microbial growt h:

growth and death kinetics, serial dilution technique. Food spoilage: spoilage

microorganisms in different food products including milk, fish, meat, egg, cereals

and their products. Toxins from microbes: pathogens and non-pathogens including

Staphylococcus, Salmonella, Shigella, Escherichia, Bacillus, Clostridium, and

Aspergillus genera. Fermented foods and beverages: curd, yoghurt, cheese, pickles,

soya-sauce, sauerkraut, idli, dosa, vinegar, alcoholic beverages and sausage.

Processing principles: thermal processing, chilling, freezing, dehydration, addition of

preservatives and food additives, irradiation, fermentation, hurdle technology,

intermediate moisture foods. Food pack aging and storage: packaging materials,

aseptic packaging, controlled and modified atmosphere storage. Cereal

processing and products: milling of rice, wheat, and maize, parboiling of paddy,

bread, biscuits, extruded products and ready to eat breakfast cereals. Oil

processing: expelling, solvent extraction, refining and hydrogenation. Fruits a nd

vegetables p rocessing: extraction, clarification, concentration and packaging of

fruit juice, jam, jelly, marmalade, squash, candies, tomato sauce, ketchup, and

puree, potato chips, pickles. Plantation crops processing and products: tea, coffee,

cocoa, spice, extraction of essential oils and oleoresins from spices. Milk and milk

products processing: pasteurization and sterilization, cream, butter, ghee, icecream, cheese and milk powder. Processing of animal products: drying, canning,

and freezing of fish and meat; production of egg powder. Waste utilization: pectin

from fruit wastes, uses of by-products from rice milling. Food standards and qu ality

maintenance: FPO, PFA, Agmark, ISI, HACCP, food plant sanitation and cleaning in

place (CIP).

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Mass and energy balance; Momentum transfer:

Flow rate and pressure drop

relationships for Newtonian fluids flowing through pipe, Reynolds number. Heat

transfer: heat transfer by conduction, convection, radiation, heat exchangers. Mass

transfer: molecular diffusion and Ficks law, conduction and convective mass

transfer, permeability through single and multilayer films. Mechanical operations:

size reduction of solids, high pressure homogenization, filtration, centrifugation,

settling, sieving, mixing & agitation of liquid. Thermal operations: thermal sterilization,

evaporation of liquid foods, hot air drying of solids, spray and freeze-drying, freezing

and crystallization. Mass transfer oper ations: psychrometry, humidification and

dehumidification operations.

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Section A: Atmospheric Science

Fundamental of Meteorology, Thermal structure of the atmosphere and its

composition, Radiation Balance and Laws, Wind Belts, Monsoon, Climate.

Atmospheric Thermodynamics. Hydrostatic equilibrium and: Hydrostatic

equation, variation of pressure with height, geopotential, Tropical convection.

Atmospheric Electricity. Cloud Physics. Observation Techniques of the

Atmosepheric Properties.

Fundamental equations. Pressure, gravity, centripetal and Corolis forces,

continuity equation in Cartesian and isobaric coordinates, Scale analysis,

inertial flow, geostrophic and gradient winds, thermal wind, vorticity.

Atmospheric turbulence, baroclinic instabiltiy. Atmosphreric Waves.

Tropical meteorology: Trade wind inversion, ITCZ; monsoon trough tropical

cyclones, their structure and development theory; monsoon depressions;

Climate variability and forcings; Madden-Julian oscillation(MJO), ENSO, QBO

(quasi-biennial oscillation) and sunspot cycles. Primitive equations of

Numerical Weather Prediction. General Circulation and Climate Modelling.

Synoptic weather forecasting, prediction of weather elements such as rain,

maximum and minimum temperature and fog. Data Assimilation.

Section B: Ocean Sciences

Seawater Properties, T-S diagrams, Ocean Observations, Ocean Tide and

Waves and their properties. Coastal processes and Estuary Dynamics. coastal

zone management. Wind Driven Circulation: Ekman, Sverdrup, Stommel and

Munk theories, Inertial currents; geostrophic motion; barotropic and baroclinic

conditions; Oceanic eddies. Global conveyor belt circulation. Subtropical gyres;

Western boundary currents; equatorial current systems; Current System in the

Indian Ocean.

Momentum equation, mass conservation, vorticity. Ocean and Wave Modeling,

Ocean State Forecasting. Data Assimilation. Ocean Turbulence.

Chemical Property of seawater, major and minor elements, their behavior and

chemical exchanges across interfaces and residence times in seawater, Element

chemistry in atypical conditions-estuaries, Biochemical cycling of nutrients,

trace metals and organic matter. Air-sea exchange of important biogenic

dissolved gases; carbon dioxide-carbonate system; alkalinity and control of pH;

biological pump. Marine Pollution. Primary and secondary production; factors

controlling phytoplankton and zooplankton abundance and diversity; nekton and

fisheries oceanography.

62 of 72

XL-P

Plancks quantum theory, wave particle duality, uncertainty principle, quantum

mechanical model of hydrogen atom, electronic configuration of atoms and ions.

Periodic table and periodic properties: ionization energy, electron affinity,

electronegativity and atomic size.

Ionic and covalent bonding, MO and VB approaches for diatomic molecules,

VSEPR theory and shape of molecules, hybridization, resonance, dipole moment,

structure parameters such as bond length, bond angle and bond energy,

hydrogen bonding and van der Waals interactions. Ionic solids, ionic radii and

lattice energy (BornHaber cycle). HSAB principle.

Oxides, halides and hydrides of alkali, alkaline earth metals, B, Al, Si, N, P, and S.

General characteristics of 3d elements. Coordination complexes: valence bond

and crystal field theory, color, geometry, magnetic properties and isomerism.

Colligative properties of solutions, ionic equilibria in solution, solubility product,

common ion effect, hydrolysis of salts, pH, buffer and their applications.

Equilibrium constants (Kc, Kp and Kx) for homogeneous reactions.

Section 5: Electrochemistry

Conductance, Kohlrausch law, cell potentials, emf, Nernst equation, Galvanic cells,

thermodynamic aspects and their applications.

Rate constant, order of reaction, molecularity, activation energy, zero, first and

second order kinetics, catalysis and elementary enzyme reactions.

Section 7: Thermodynamics

First law, reversible and irreversible processes, internal energy, enthalpy, Kirchoff

equation, heat of reaction, Hesss law, heat of formation. Second law, entropy,

free energy and work function. GibbsHelmholtz equation, ClausiusClapeyron

equation, free energy change, equilibrium constant and Troutons rule. Third law of

thermodynamics.

Acids and bases, electronic and steric effects, optical and geometrical isomerism,

tautomerism, conformers and concept of aromaticity. Elementary treatment of

SN1, SN2, E1 and E2 reactions, Hoffmann and Saytzeff rules, addition reactions,

Markownikoff rule and Kharash effect. Aromatic electrophilic substitutions,

orientation effect as exemplified by various functional groups. DielsAlder, Wittig

and hydroboration reactions. Identification of functional groups by chemical

tests.

63 of 72

XL-Q

Biochemistry

Section 1:

Organization of life; Importance of water; Structure and function of biomolecules:

Amino acids, Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins and Nucleic acids; Protein structure,

folding and function: Myoglobin, Hemoglobin, Lysozyme, Ribonuclease A,

Carboxypeptidase and Chymotrypsin.

Section 2:

Enzyme kinetics including its regulation and inhibition, Vitamins and Coenzymes ;

Metabolism and bioenergetics; Generation and utilization of ATP; Metabolic

pathways and their regulation: glycolysis, TCA cycle, pentose phosphate pathway,

oxidative phosphorylation,gluconeogenesis, glycogen and fatty acid metabolism;

Metabolism of Nitrogen containing compounds: nitrogen fixation, amino acids and

nucleotides. Photosynthesis: Calvin cycle.

Section 3:

Biochemical separation techniques: ion exchange, size exclusion and affinity

chromatography, Characterization of biomolecules by electrophoresis, UV-visible

and fluorescence spectroscopy and Mass spectrometry.

Section 4:

Cell structure and organelles; Biological membranes; Transport across membranes;

Signal transduction; Hormones and neurotransmitters.

Section 5:

DNA replication, transcription and translation; Biochemical regulation of gene

expression; Recombinant DNA technology and applications: PCR, site directed

mutagenesis and DNA-microarray.

Section 6:

Immune system: Active and passive immunity; Complement system; Antibody

structure, function and diversity; Cells of the immune system: T, B and macrophages;

T and B cell activation; Major histocompatibilty complex; T cell receptor;

Immunological techniques: Immunodiffusion, immunoelectrophoresis, RIA and ELISA.

64 of 72

XL-R

Botany

Major systems of classification, plant groups, phylogenetic relationships and

molecular systematics.

Plant cell structure and its components; cell wall and membranes; organization,

organelles, cytoskeleton, anatomy of root, stem and leaves, floral parts, embryo

and young seedlings, meristems, vascular system, their ontogeny, structure and

functions, secondary growth in plants and stellar organization.

Cell cycle, cell division, life cycle of an angiosperm, pollination, fertilization,

embryogenesis, seed formation, seed storage proteins, seed dormancy and

germination.

Concept of cellular totipotency, clonal propagation; organogenesis and somatic

embryogenesis, artificial seed, somaclonal variation, secondary metabolism in plant

cell culture, embryo culture, in vitro fertilization.

Plant water relations, transport of minerals and solutes, stress physiology, stomatal

physiology, signal transduction, N2 metabolism, photosynthesis, photorespiration;

respiration, Flowering: photoperiodism and vernalization, biochemical mechanisms

involved in flowering; molecular mechanism of senencensce and aging,

biosynthesis, mechanism of action and physiological effects of plant growth

regulators, structure and function of biomolecules, (proteins, carbohydrates, lipids,

nucleic acid), enzyme kinetics.

Section 5: Genetics

Principles of Mendelian inheritance, linkage, recombination, genetic mapping;

extrachromosomal inheritance; prokaryotic and eukaryotic genome organization,

regulation of gene expression, gene mutation and repair, chromosomal aberrations

(numerical and structural), transposons.

Principles, methods selection, hybridization, heterosis; male sterility, genetic maps

and molecular markers, sporophytic and gametophytic self incompability,

haploidy, triploidy, somatic cell hybridization, marker-assisted selection, gene

transfer methods viz. direct and vector-mediated, plastid transformation, transgenic

plants and their application in agriculture, molecular pharming, plantibodies.

A general account of economically and medicinally important plants- cereals,

pulses, plants yielding fibers, timber, sugar, beverages, oils, rubber, pigments, dyes,

gums, drugs and narcotics. Economic importance of algae, fungi, lichen and

bacteria.

65 of 72

Nature and classification of plant diseases, diseases of important crops caused by

fungi, bacteria,nematodes and viruses, and their control measures, mechanism(s)

of pathogenesis and resistance, molecular detection of pathogens; plant-microbe

beneficial interactions.

Ecosystems types, dynamics, degradation, ecological succession; food chains

and energy flow; vegetation types of the world, pollution and global warming,

speciation

and

extinction,

conservation

strategies,

cryopreservation,

phytoremediation.

66 of 72

XL - S

Microbiology

Discovery of microbial world; Landmark discoveries relevant to the field of

microbiology; Controversy over spontaneous generation; Role of microorganisms in

transformation of organic matter and in the causation of diseases.

Pure culture techniques; Theory and practice of sterilization; Principles of microbial

nutrition; Enrichment culture techniques for isolation of microorganisms; Light-,

phase contrast- and electron-microscopy.

Bacteria, Archea and their broad classification; Eukaryotic microbes: Yeasts, molds

and protozoa; Viruses and their classification; Molecular approaches to microbial

taxonomy.

Prokaryotic Cells: cell walls, cell membranes, mechanisms of solute transport across

membranes, Flagella and Pili, Capsules, Cell inclusions like endospores and gas

vesicles; Eukaryotic cell organelles: Endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus,

mitochondria and chloroplasts.

Definition of growth; Growth curve; Mathematical expression of exponential growth

phase; Measurement of growth and growth yields; Synchronous growth; Continuous

culture; Effect of environmental factors on growth.

Effect of physical and chemical agents; Evaluation of effectiveness of antimicrobial

agents.

Energetics: redox reactions and electron carriers; An overview of metabolism;

Glycolysis; Pentose-phosphate pathway; Entner-Doudoroff pathway; Glyoxalate

pathway; The citric acid cycle; Fermentation; Aerobic and anaerobic respiration;

Chemolithotrophy; Photosynthesis; Calvin cycle; Biosynthetic pathway for fatty

acids synthesis; Common regulatory mechanisms in synthesis of amino acids;

Regulation of major metabolic pathways.

Normal microbiota; Classification of infectious diseases; Reservoirs of infection;

Nosocomial infection; Emerging infectious diseases; Mechanism of microbial

pathogenicity; Nonspecific defense of host; Antigens and antibodies; Humoral and

cell mediated immunity; Vaccines; Immune deficiency; Human diseases caused by

viruses, bacteria, and pathogenic fungi.

67 of 72

Section 8: Chemotherapy/Antibiotics

General characteristics of antimicrobial drugs; Antibiotics: Classification, mode of

action and resistance; Antifungal and antiviral drugs.

Types of mutation; UV and chemical mutagens; Selection of mutants; Ames test for

mutagenesis; Bacterial genetic system: transformation, conjugation, transduction,

recombination, plasmids, transposons; DNA repair; Regulation of gene expression:

repression and induction; Operon model; Bacterial genome with special reference

to E.coli; Phage and its life cycle; RNA phages; RNA viruses; Retroviruses; Basic

concept of microbial genomics.

Microbial interactions; Carbon, sulphur and nitrogen cycles; Soil microorganisms

associated with vascular plants.

68 of 72

XL - T

Zoology

Animal diversity, distribution, systematics and classification of animals, phylogenetic

relationships.

Section 2: Evolution

Origin and history of life on earth, theories of evolution, natural selection,

adaptation, speciation.

Section 3: Genetics

Basic Principles of inheritance, molecular basis of heredity, sex determination and

sex-linked characteristics, cytoplasmic inheritance, linkage, recombination and

mapping of genes in eukaryotes, population genetics.

Nucleic acids, proteins, lipids and carbohydrates; replication, transcription and

translation; regulation of gene expression, organization of genome, Krebs cycle,

glycolysis, enzyme catalysis, hormones and their actions, vitamins.

Structure of cell, cellular organelles and their structure and function, cell cycle, cell

division, chromosomes and chromatin structure.

Eukaryotic gene

transduction).

organization

and

expression

(Basic

principles

of

signal

Comparative physiology, the respiratory system, circulatory system, digestive

system, the nervous system, the excretory system, the endocrine system, the

reproductive system, the skeletal system, osmoregulation.

Nature of parasite, host-parasite relation, protozoan and helminthic parasites, the

immune response, cellular and humoral immune response, evolution of the immune

system.

Embryonic development, cellular differentiation, organogenesis, metamorphosis,

genetic basis of development, stem cells.

The ecosystem, habitats, the food chain, population dynamics, species diversity,

zoogerography, biogeochemical cycles, conservation biology.

69 of 72

Types of behaviours, courtship, mating and territoriality, instinct, learning and

memory, social behaviour across the animal taxa, communication, pheromones,

evolution of animal behaviour.

70 of 72

XL - U

Food Technology

Carbohydrates: structure and functional properties of mono-, oligo-, & polysaccharides including starch, cellulose, pectic substances and dietary fibre,

gelatinization and retrogradation of starch. Proteins: classification and structure of

proteins in food, biochemical changes in post mortem and tenderization of

muscles. Lipids: classification and structure of lipids, rancidity, polymerization and

polymorphism. Pigments: carotenoids, chlorophylls, anthocyanins, tannins

and myoglobin. Food flavours: terpenes, esters, aldehydes, ketones and quinines.

Enzymes: specificity, simple and inhibition kinetics, coenzymes, enzymatic and nonenzymatic browning. Nutrition: balanced diet, essential amino acids and essential

fatty acids, protein efficiency ratio, water soluble and fat soluble vitamins, role of

minerals in nutrition, co-factors, anti-nutrients, nutraceuticals, nutrient deficiency

diseases. Chemical and biochemical c hanges: changes occur in foods during

different processing.

Characteristics of microorganisms: morphology of bacteria, yeast, mold and

actinomycetes, spores and vegetative cells, gram-staining. Microbial growt h:

growth and death kinetics, serial dilution technique. Food spoilage: spoilage

microorganisms in different food products including milk, fish, meat, egg, cereals

and their products. Toxins from microbes: pathogens and non-pathogens including

Staphylococcus, Salmonella, Shigella, Escherichia, Bacillus, Clostridium, and

Aspergillus genera. Fermented foods and beverages: curd, yoghurt, cheese, pickles,

soya-sauce, sauerkraut, idli, dosa, vinegar, alcoholic beverages and sausage.

Processing principles: thermal processing, chilling, freezing, dehydration, addition of

preservatives and food additives, irradiation, fermentation, hurdle technology,

intermediate moisture foods. Food pack aging and storage: packaging materials,

aseptic packaging, controlled and modified atmosphere storage. Cereal

processing and products: milling of rice, wheat, and maize, parboiling of paddy,

bread, biscuits, extruded products and ready to eat breakfast cereals. Oil

processing: expelling, solvent extraction, refining and hydrogenation. Fruits a nd

vegetables p rocessing: extraction, clarification, concentration and packaging of

fruit juice, jam, jelly, marmalade, squash, candies, tomato sauce, ketchup, and

puree, potato chips, pickles. Plantation crops processing and products: tea, coffee,

cocoa, spice, extraction of essential oils and oleoresins from spices. Milk and milk

products processing: pasteurization and sterilization, cream, butter, ghee, icecream, cheese and milk powder. Processing of animal products: drying, canning,

and freezing of fish and meat; production of egg powder. Waste utilization: pectin

from fruit wastes, uses of by-products from rice milling. Food standards and qu ality

maintenance: FPO, PFA, Agmark, ISI, HACCP, food plant sanitation and cleaning in

place (CIP).

71 of 72

Mass and energy balance; Momentum transfer:

Flow rate and pressure drop

relationships for Newtonian fluids flowing through pipe, Reynolds number. Heat

transfer: heat transfer by conduction, convection, radiation, heat exchangers. Mass

transfer: molecular diffusion and Ficks law, conduction and convective mass

transfer, permeability through single and multilayer films. Mechanical operations:

size reduction of solids, high pressure homogenization, filtration, centrifugation,

settling, sieving, mixing & agitation of liquid. Thermal operations: thermal sterilization,

evaporation of liquid foods, hot air drying of solids, spray and freeze-drying, freezing

and crystallization. Mass transfer oper ations: psychrometry, humidification and

dehumidification operations.

72 of 72

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