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HLPE1530 Foundation Studies in Physical Education

Component B Task #3: Workshop Pedagogical Reflections


Assignment
Questions
1. What has
attracted you to
teaching Physical
Education?

2. What sort of
teacher of Physical
Education do you
want to be?

3. Why is this
important to you?

Workshop Reflections Week 1


In Class Reflections
Additional Work
(last 20 minutes of workshop)
I have been involved in a good I have really enjoyed the
amount of teaching and coaching teaching
and
coaching
experiences since moving down to experiences I have held. I
Adelaide at the start of 2010. I relished the opportunity of a 2have been told numerous times I year traineeship at Antonio
would make a good teacher, so Catholic
School.
Here,
my
here I am.
position was a P.E Assistant
Teacher across all year levels (R7). I was responsible for setting
up and packing up P.E lessons,
assisting teachers during P.E
lessons, stocktake of equipment,
and ensuring sport equipment
areas were clean and tidy.
Coaching
wise,
I
have
predominately coached Year 8
and above in the sports of
Cricket, Football and Basketball
at Immanuel, Nazareth Catholic
and Cabra Dominican Colleges. I
have also held a job as an OHSC /
Vacation Care worker at Paringa
Park Primary School for the last
four (4) years. All of these roles
over time, have convinced me to
pursue a teaching career.
I aim to be a qualified Primary I believe I would be more suitable
School Physical Education teacher to teaching Physical Education to
at the conclusion of my four (4) kids in the upper primary year
year degree at Flinders University.
levels (5-7). I relate this to my job
at Paringa Park Primary School,
where I find I have better
understandings of kids aged in
these year levels. Fast forward
four (4) years and at this stage in
life, it wouldnt really fuss me if I
got a job in either the city or
country environment. I dont
have as many commitments at
this stage, but this fact could
change.
It is the career path I am after.
Following all the teaching and
coaching
experiences
and

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HLPE1530 Foundation Studies in Physical Education

knowledge gained along the way,


I know for a fact that a teaching
career means a lot to me. It is
important to me as I see being a
part of a kids education can be
so rewarding, especially once
they
either
complete
their
studies, get into their dream
course or start their dream job.

Questions
a. What was
enjoyable about
the practical
experience in
which you have
just participated?
b. What made it an
enjoyable
experience?

c. What learning was


facilitated during
the practical
experience?

d. What enabled
learning to occur?

Workshop Reflections Week 2


In Class Reflections
Additional Work
(last 20 minutes of workshop)
The dancing we did was a new and The dance undertaken in this
enjoyable experience.
session was one I had never
heard off, and therefore had to
be learnt. I enjoy learning and I
havent done much dancing
either, so to do both components
in one was really enjoyable.
The workshop was enjoyable All students had a go at the
because all students participated Australian bush dance, Strip the
in the activity.
Willow. It was great to see
people
involving
themselves
considering students were still
unfamiliar with each other. It was
also good to get out of the
classroom, in front of books and a
lecture/seminar screen, and do
some exercise.
The certain dances undertaken.
As stated above, students learnt
the Strip the Willow Australian
bush dance. Students also learnt
the
Command
Teaching
Approach, being performed by
Russell Brown.
Everyone participated and listened All students during the workshop
due to the Command Teaching were under Russell Browns
Approach being utilised.
control at all times due to the
Command Teaching Approach.
This approach allows the teacher
to be the sole figure in gaining
and maintaining absolute control
over the class and providing a
strict
and
highly
regulated
teaching approach. Students are

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HLPE1530 Foundation Studies in Physical Education

expected to comply with all


commands of the teacher and
undertake all activities to a
required standard in a certain
time. In the command style of
teaching, Mosston and Ashworth
state that the teacher makes the
maximum number of choices,
while the learner/s make only
minimal decisions.
We learn by doing (Aristotle,
384-322BC). I think this can be
related to us (the students) when
the tasks / activities were being
undertaken during the workshop.
I
personally
had
never
undertaken the Strip the Willow
bush dance, but soon learnt it by
performing it.
e. What do you think
is the most
important to
teach for
enjoyment or to
teach for learning?

I believe that enjoyment and


learning integrate with each other,
and are both important aspects in
teaching.

Expanding on this, I believe that


teaching for enjoyment and
teaching for learning are both
integral parts of teaching just as
much as each other. If students
are enjoying the activity / game
being undertaken, it is more
likely that learning will occur.
Same goes the other way, if
students are finding what they
are learning is interesting, they
are more than likely getting
enjoyment out of it.

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HLPE1530 Foundation Studies in Physical Education

Questions
Command Approach
1. What are the
advantages
(facilitators) and
disadvantages
(inhibitors) of the
command
approach for
learning?

Workshop Reflections Week 3


In Class Reflections
Additional Work
(last 20 minutes of workshop)
The advantages (facilitators) of the Further advantages (facilitators)
command approach for learning of the command approach for
include:
learning include:
Its closed, easily understood by Early learning.
Good for teaching a specific
students.
Good for safety e.g. archery,
skill, especially in a coaching
swimming, cricket, gymnastics.
environment.
High level of feedback.
Incorporate
social
and
emotional skill learning.
The disadvantages (inhibitors) of Social justice equalizer, all
the command approach for learning
students are participating in
include:
the activity.
Constant interruptions.
Further disadvantages (inhibitors)
Limited to teacher knowledge.
of the command approach for
Decrease in creativity.
learning include:
Doesnt cater for people with
advanced
skill
levels,
potentially over-challenge less
able students.
Shallow learning.

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HLPE1530 Foundation Studies in Physical Education

2. What was learnt


in the workshop
by the students?

The Command Teaching Approach.

3. How did the


teacher facilitate
learning in the
Physical
Education class?

Russell facilitated learning in the


Physical Education class by taking
control of the class.

Questions
Teaching by Task
1. What are the
advantages
(facilitators) and
disadvantages
(inhibitors) of the
Teaching by Task
approach for
learning?

Limits
personal
and
interpersonal skills.
The
Command
Teaching
Approach was learnt by the
students.
Throughout
the
session, Russell showed the
students
when
it is
most
acceptable to use the Command
Teaching Approach.
Russell facilitated learning in the
Physical Education class by
making the activities as closed as
possible to help the students
understand the activities being
undertaken under the Command
Teaching
Approach.
Russell
ensured the activities were safe
to perform and provided high
levels of feedback to students.

Workshop Reflections Week 4


In Class Reflections
Additional Work
(last 20 minutes of workshop)
The facilitators of learning using Further facilitators of learning
the Task Approach (advantages) using the Task Approach are:
included:
Allows the teacher to provide
The teacher maintains absolute
more individual feedback to
control.
members of the class. Such
The teacher is able to move
feedback can improve student
motivation
either
through
amongst the class and supply
positive
reinforcement
or
individual
feedback
while
through
the
improvement
providing extension activities as
gained
as
a
result
of
required.
technique development.
Potentially
increases
social
interaction between students Allows students to experiment

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HLPE1530 Foundation Studies in Physical Education

and
therefore
increases
motivation
levels,
selfconfidence as well as ones
ability
to
work
both
independently and as a member
of a group.
The inhibitors of learning using the
Task Approach (disadvantages)
included:
Little student input into the
lesson,
as
the
teacher
essentially remains in control.
This style does not necessarily
allow for a definitive standard to
be achieved.

The style is therefore not as


useful when addressing skills or
knowledge areas where specific
techniques,
movements
or
products are required to be
achieved by all students.
There is the potential for
students to be distracted from
the task.

2. What was learnt


in the workshop
by the students?

The Teaching by Task Pedagogy.

3. How did the


teacher facilitate
learning in the
Physical
Education class?

Russell facilitated learning in the


Physical
Education
class
by
introducing varied tasks, activities
and skills in the session.

with a variety of skills and


techniques while still allowing
the teacher to direct student
learning.
Allows students to develop at
their own rate and in their
own
direction.
Individuals
need to be provided with
opportunities to refine their
skills,
techniques
and
knowledge within a safe and
non-threatening environment.

Further inhibitors of learning


using the Task Approach are:
Students supervision may be
an issue given the greater
independence compared to
the command approach.
While students are able to
experiment
with
the
knowledge
and
skills
presented creative thinking is
not necessarily promoted.
This particular style therefore
promotes motor development
more
so
than
cognitive
development.
This approach has additional
considerations when teaching
activities
involving
safety
issues, such as the javelin.
The Teaching by Task Pedagogy
was learnt in the workshop by the
students. Students were able to
see how the pedagogy can be
used within a sports lesson to
achieve certain tasks, activities
and skills.
Russell
slowly
introduced
different activities during the
class to challenge the students.
The skills became more difficult
when Russell was comfortable
enough
with
the
students
progress.

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HLPE1530 Foundation Studies in Physical Education

Questions
(Teacher)
1. How effectively
do you think your
student learning

Module 1 Assignments Undertaken


In Class Reflections
(last 20 minutes of workshop)
The students learning outcomes
were achieved for the lesson, but
more detail is required next time.

Week 5
Additional Work
My student learning outcomes
(skills, knowledge & attitudes)
were explained, however little bit

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HLPE1530 Foundation Studies in Physical Education

outcomes were
achieved (i.e.
skills, knowledge
& attitudes)?
2. What evidence /
examples support
your beliefs (e.g.
indicators of
achievement
observed or
heard)?

3. What would you


retain or change
if you were to
teach your
session again
tomorrow?

Evidence / examples supporting my


beliefs in student learning outcomes
being achieved included:
Catching ball from partner.
Throwing ball to partner, both
under-arm and over-arm.
Goals being scored during the
game.

Things I would retain if I had to


teach my session again include:
Positioning of activities and
skills.
Cricket as focus sport.
Throwing and catching as skills.
Things I would change if I had to
teach my session again include:
Positioning of myself when
explaining activities / skills.
Explaining game more clearly
especially goalie responsibility.

4. What did you


learn from the
feedback you
received from
your group?

I
did
a
good
job,
improvements to be made.

some

more context was required (e.g.


why these skills are important,
where these skills will be used,
and how will they be used?).
Other evidence
/ examples
supporting my beliefs in students
learning
outcomes
being
achieved included:
The
positive
feedback
I
received from fellow students.
Laughing occurring during the
session.
Questions I asked to the group
of students were answered
correctly.
Things I would retain if I had to
teach my session again include:
Voice projection.
Positive
and
informative
feedback being given to
students.
Spacing between groups.
Things I would change if I had to
teach my session again include:
Bring group in more to explain
activities / skills and answer
any questions students may
have.
More time for students to
perform skill and less time me
explaining.
Only teaching two (2) skills to
the group instead of three (3).
There were some aspects I did
really well, but other aspects
need to be focused on more next
time.

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HLPE1530 Foundation Studies in Physical Education

Module 1 Assignments Undertaken


Questions
In Class Reflections
(Participant)
(last 20 minutes of workshop)
1. How did todays
As a participant / student in these
skills teaching
two (2) weeks, I believe I have
sessions enhance enhanced my understanding of
your
teacher directed pedagogies as I
understanding of
have gained better knowledge into
teacher directed
when they are used at different age
pedagogies?
levels
when
teaching
certain
activities, skills and sports.

Weeks 6 & 7
Additional Work
The week six (6) session saw the
following students perform. The
persons name and skill they
undertook are written below.
Chelsea Passing and catching in
Netball.
Olivia Shooting in Netball.
Taylor Kicking a Soccer ball.
Hannah Basketball lay-up.
The week seven (7) session saw
the following students perform.
The persons name and skill they
undertook are written below:
Luke Football Handball.
April Basketball lay-up.
Charlotte Netball chest pass.
All students did a great job in
presenting
their
Module
1
sessions. All students sessions,
except for Taylor, were aimed at
students in secondary school,
while Taylor aimed at students in
early primary school. I took
particular note of two peoples
sessions. The first one was
Taylors teaching compared to
the others. Taylor instructed us
(the students) to kick the ball
with the top of our foot rather
than the side of the foot. I
thought this was a great idea, as
at early primary school level
technique shouldnt matter at
this age, students participating in
the activity should be the main
priority. It was a fantastic
adjustment and one I would do if
I were to teach Reception Year 2
or 3 students. Another example I
really liked was when Hannah

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HLPE1530 Foundation Studies in Physical Education

performed
her
Basketball
session. To finish off the session,
she gave us (the students) the
choice of doing any trick shot we
wanted to. I thought this was a
brilliant way in finishing off the
lesson, with a little bit of fun!

2. What did you


learn?

During these lessons, I learnt


different
ways
in
how
both
Command and Teaching by Task
pedagogies can be used in teaching
different activities, skills and sports
to a wide variety of age groups.

Although both Command and


Teaching by Task pedagogies are
very closed and controlled by the
teacher, you can open them up
slightly to allow a bit of student
input into the lesson / session,
just like Hannah did with her
Basketball session.

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HLPE1530 Foundation Studies in Physical Education

Questions
1. What were the
most important
points raised by
your colleagues
about your
Module 1
teaching?

2. How did
providing
feedback to your
colleagues help
you to reflect on
your own
teaching
experience?

3. What do you now


see as the major
facilitators and
inhibitors to
student learning
of teacher
directed
pedagogical

Workshop Reflections Week 8


In Class Reflections
Additional Work
(last 20 minutes of workshop)
The most important points raised by Other important points raised by
my colleagues in regards to my my colleagues in regards to my
Module 1 teaching were:
Module 1 teaching were:
Positioning of the activities / Good voice projection.
The positive and informative
skills, and myself.
Explaining aspects more clearly
feedback given to students
and in-depth.
was excellent.
Spacing between groups was
adequate for skills being
undertaken.
More doing time of activity
and less explanation.
Dont over-teach have an
appropriate amount of skills to
teach to group.
Providing
feedback
to
my As well as being able to see the
colleagues helped me to reflect on improvements I need to make, I
my own teaching experience by also was able to see what
allowing me to see and feel what I aspects I excel at on my own
could do better myself.
teaching perspective. I think I did
a good job with Module 1, but
there is certainly room for
improvement. I look forward to
undertaking more activities like
this one, to hopefully develop on
the areas required.
The major facilitators I see to Other major facilitators I see to
student learning of teacher directed student learning of teacher
pedagogical approaches are:
directed pedagogical approaches
are:
High level of student feedback.
Incorporate
social
and
Early learning.
emotional skill learning.
Good for teaching a specific skill,
especially
in
a
coaching Social justice equalizer, all
students are participating in
environment.

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HLPE1530 Foundation Studies in Physical Education

approaches?
The major inhibitors I see to student
learning
of
teacher
directed
pedagogical approaches are:
Limited teacher knowledge.
Decrease in creativity.
Constant interruptions.

Questions
Individual
Progression
1. What facilitated
your learning as a
student in
todays Individual
Progression
practical
activities?

2. What inhibited
your learning?

Other major inhibitors I see to


student learning of teacher
directed pedagogical approaches
are:
Doesnt cater for people
already advanced in a skill.
Potentially over-challenge less
able students.
Shallow learning.
Limits
personal
and
interpersonal skills.

Workshop Reflections Week 9


In Class Reflections
(last 20 minutes of workshop)
The aspects that facilitated my
learning as a student in todays
Individual
Progression
practical
activities were:
Advanced
skills
could
be
undertaken by higher skilled
level students.
The session also catered for the
lesser
skilled
students
to
develop at their own rate.
It
created
a
positive
environment.
The aspects that inhibited my
learning included:
Students not taking the ability
grouping
aspect
seriously
resulting in overestimate of their
ability in a particular area.

the activity.
Good for safety e.g. archery,
swimming,
cricket,
gymnastics.

Additional Work

Other aspects that facilitated my


learning as a student in todays
Individual Progression practical
activities included:
Created
ongoing
participation in sport.
It built good self-esteem
levels.
Increased
student
enjoyment.

Other aspects that inhibited my


learning included:
There may be feelings of
inferiority by students in
the lower group regarding
students perceptions of
their abilities in relation to
their classmates which
may affect their motivation
to achieve success.
Teacher contact time may
not be divided equally as
individuals with poorer skill

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HLPE1530 Foundation Studies in Physical Education

and knowledge levels often


require greater levels of
feedback from the teacher
whereas
individuals
of
advanced
skill
and
knowledge levels often
require more extension
activities.

Questions
Guided Discovery
3. What facilitated
your learning as a
student in this
student centred
practical activity?

Workshop Reflections Week 10


In Class Reflections
Additional Work
(last 20 minutes of workshop)
The aspects that facilitated my Other aspects that facilitated my
learning as a student in the student learning as a student in the
centred practical activity included:
student centred practical activity
Very open session more included:
New rules introduced as
student input.
Potentially more enjoyable.
game furthered.
Potential
to
develop
Students think and learn more.
strategies and tactics.
Increase sense of team,
developing team work.
Caters for diversity.
Gets the students thinking
about the game, how they
can develop their thinking.
Develop leadership.
More socially just.
Keeps everyone involved.
Minimises loss of interest,

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HLPE1530 Foundation Studies in Physical Education

4. What inhibited
your learning?

Questions
Problem Solving
1. What facilitated
your learning as a
student in this
student centred
practical activity?

The aspects that inhibited my


learning included:
Could get out of control not as
easy to monitor.
Possible exclusion of students.
Lose motivation.

regularly changing activity.


More equitable.
Easier to monitor.
More learning takes place,
the students are thinking
about it more themselves.
Other aspects that inhibited my
learning included:
Relies on their capacity to
understand the task.
Lose the opportunity to
have repetitions.
Proper
technique
not
taught / learnt.
Overuse
teacher
pedagogy.

Workshop Reflections Week 11


In Class Reflections
Additional Work
(last 20 minutes of workshop)
The aspects that facilitated my Other aspects that facilitated my
learning as a student in the student learning as a student in the
centred practical activity included:
student centred practical activity
Very open session more included:
New rules introduced as
student input.
Potentially more enjoyable.
game furthered.
Potential
to
develop
Students think and learn more.
strategies and tactics.
Increase sense of team,
developing team work.
Caters for diversity.
Gets the students thinking
about the game, how they
can develop their thinking.
Develop leadership.
More socially just.

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HLPE1530 Foundation Studies in Physical Education

2. What inhibited
your learning?

The aspects that inhibited my


learning included:
Could get out of control not as
easy to monitor.
Possible exclusion of students.
Lose motivation.

Keeps everyone involved.


Minimises loss of interest,
regularly changing activity.
More equitable.
Easier to monitor.
More learning takes place,
the students are thinking
about it more themselves.
Other aspects that inhibited my
learning included:
Relies on their capacity to
understand the task.
Lose the opportunity to
have repetitions.
Proper
technique
not
taught / learnt.
Overuse
teacher
pedagogy.

Module 2 Assignments Undertaken (as a teacher) Week 12


Questions
In Class Reflections
Additional Work
(last 20 minutes of workshop)
1. How effectively
The students learning outcomes Our student learning outcomes
do you think your (skills, knowledge & attitudes) were (skills, knowledge & attitudes)
student learning
achieved for the lesson.
were explained in the session
outcomes were
introduction. We thought we they
achieved (i.e.
were met appropriately to the
skills, knowledge
session.
& attitudes)?
2. What evidence /
Evidence / examples supporting my Other evidence
/ examples
examples support beliefs in student learning outcomes supporting my beliefs in students
your beliefs (e.g.
being achieved included:
learning
outcomes
being
indicators of
Students
being
able
to achieved included:
achievement
successfully perform a handball The feedback we gained from
observed or
and kick to their partner.
our participating students.
heard)?
Students being able to mark a All students participating in
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HLPE1530 Foundation Studies in Physical Education

3. What would you


retain or change
if you were to
teach your
session again
tomorrow?

ball.
Understanding when to apply
handballing, kicking and marking
techniques.
Things I would retain if I had to
teach my session again include:
Positioning of activities and
skills.
Football as focus sport.
Handballing,
kicking
and
marking activities.
Positioning
participating
students out of the sun.
Things I would change if I had to
teach my session again include:
Learning needs to be put in
place for the lesson.

4. What did you


learn from the
feedback you
received from
your group?

Questions
Problem Solving
1. In Workshop 1
you were asked
to reflect on what
had attracted you
to a career as a

We both did a great job with the


session.

the session.
Questions we asked to the
participating students being
answered correctly.
Things I would retain if I had to
teach my session again include:
Voice projection.
Positive
and
informative
feedback being given to
students.
Spacing between groups.
Equipment being set-up prior
to the commencement of the
lesson.
Things I would change if I had to
teach my session again include:
Safety aspects highlighted
slightly
more
to
further
maximise
safety
during
session.
Sticking
to
timelines
of
session to allow students to
perform ending game for a
longer period.
The session was really organised
and thought out both of us. Some
minor improvements to be made,
but very happy with the result of
our lesson.

Workshop Reflections Week 13


In Class Reflections
Additional Work
(last 20 minutes of workshop)
I am still aiming to be a qualified I believe I could and would enjoy
Primary
School
R-7
Physical teaching Physical Education to
Education teacher at the conclusion students in year levels 3-7. This
of my four (4) year degree at has changed due to my job at
Flinders University.
Paringa Park Primary School.

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HLPE1530 Foundation Studies in Physical Education

Physical
Education
teacher. Now that
you are in the
final weeks of
this foundational
course, what sort
of Physical
Education
teacher do you
now want to be?
2. How is this
different to your
response in
Workshop 1?

There tends to be more kids who


I interact with in these age
groups. Saying this if I had to
teach P.E to all year levels, I
would certainly do so. I enjoy a
challenge in life. As for the other
aspect I listed in the Workshop 1,
it hasnt changed. Getting a job
in either a country or city school
would be awesome!
I more open to teaching all primary
school year levels.

As briefly mentioned, I certainly


am more open to teaching all
primary school year levels than
first stated. Looking forward, any
job I get first out of university
would be a great opportunity.

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