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Training

Guide

TM-1810
AVEVA Everything3D (1.1)
Pipework Modelling

AVEVA Everything3D (1.1)


Pipework Modelling TM-1810

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Pipework Modelling TM-1810

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18/01/2013

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13/02/2013

0.2

Reviewed

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PJH

05/03/2013

1.0

Issued for Training AVEVA E3D (1.1)

AH

PJH

20/01/2014

1.1

Issued for Review AVEVA E3D(1.1)

CT

21/01/2014

1.2

Reviewed

CT

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21/01/2014

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Issued for Training AVEVA E3D(1.1)

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Updates
Change highlighting will be employed for all revisions. Where new or changed information is presented
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Disclaimer
1.1

AVEVA does not warrant that the use of the AVEVA software will be uninterrupted, error-free or free
from viruses.

1.2

AVEVA shall not be liable for: loss of profits; loss of business; depletion of goodwill and/or similar
losses; loss of anticipated savings; loss of goods; loss of contract; loss of use; loss or corruption of
data or information; any special, indirect, consequential or pure economic loss, costs, damages,
charges or expenses which may be suffered by the user, including any loss suffered by the user
resulting from the inaccuracy or invalidity of any data created by the AVEVA software, irrespective of
whether such losses are suffered directly or indirectly, or arise in contract, tort (including negligence)
or otherwise.

1.3

AVEVA's total liability in contract, tort (including negligence), or otherwise, arising in connection with
the performance of the AVEVA software shall be limited to 100% of the licence fees paid in the year
in which the user's claim is brought.

1.4

Clauses 1.1 to 1.3 shall apply to the fullest extent permissible at law.

1.5

In the event of any conflict between the above clauses and the analogous clauses in the software
licence under which the AVEVA software was purchased, the clauses in the software licence shall
take precedence.

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AVEVA Everything3D (1.1)


Pipework Modelling TM-1810
Copyright
All intellectual property rights, including but not limited to, copyright in this manual and the associated
software, (including source code, object code, and any data) belongs to or is validly licensed by AVEVA
Solutions Limited or its subsidiaries.
All rights are reserved to AVEVA Solutions Limited and its subsidiaries. The information contained in this
document is commercially sensitive, and shall not be copied, reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or
transmitted without the prior written permission of AVEVA Solutions Limited. Where such permission is
granted, it expressly requires that this Disclaimer and Copyright notice is prominently displayed at the
beginning of every copy that is made.
The manual and associated documentation may not be adapted, reproduced, or copied, in any material or
electronic form, without the prior written permission of AVEVA Solutions Limited. The user may also not
reverse engineer, decompile, copy, or adapt the associated software. Neither the whole, nor part of the
product described in this publication may be incorporated into any third-party software, product, machine, or
system without the prior written permission of AVEVA Solutions Limited, save as permitted by law. Any such
unauthorised action is strictly prohibited, and may give rise to civil liabilities and criminal prosecution.
The AVEVA products described in this guide are to be installed and operated strictly in accordance with the
terms and conditions of the respective licence agreements, and in accordance with the relevant User
Documentation. Unauthorised or unlicensed use of the product is strictly prohibited.
Copyright 2012 to current year. AVEVA Solutions Limited and its subsidiaries. All rights reserved. AVEVA
shall not be liable for any breach or infringement of a third party's intellectual property rights where such
breach results from a user's modification of the AVEVA software or associated documentation.
The AVEVA Everything3D user interface is based on the Microsoft Office Fluent user interface.
Trademark
AVEVA, AVEVA Everything3D, and AVEVA E3D are registered trademarks of AVEVA Group plc or
its subsidiaries. AVEVA product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of AVEVA Solutions
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is strictly forbidden.
Fluent is a trademark of Microsoft Corporation and the Fluent user interface is licensed from Microsoft
Corporation.
The Microsoft Office User Interface is subject to protection under U.S. and international intellectual property
laws and is used by AVEVA Solutions Limited under license from Microsoft.
AVEVA product/software names are trademarks or registered trademarks of AVEVA Solutions Limited or its
subsidiaries, registered in the UK, Europe and other countries (worldwide).
The copyright, trademark rights, or other intellectual property rights in any other product or software, its
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AVEVA Solutions Limited, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge, CB3 0HB, United Kingdom.

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CONTENTS
1

Introduction ..........................................................................................................................11
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4

Objectives........................................................................................................................................ 11
Prerequisites ................................................................................................................................... 12
Course Structure............................................................................................................................. 12
Using this Guide ............................................................................................................................. 12

Piping in AVEVA E3D (Basic Concepts) .........................................................................13


2.1
Setting Up the Training Course..................................................................................................... 13
2.2
Accessing the Pipework Application............................................................................................ 14
2.3
Piping Tab........................................................................................................................................ 14
2.4
Pipe Model Hierarchy ..................................................................................................................... 15
2.5
Piping Specifications...................................................................................................................... 16
2.6
Pipe Editor:- Create Pipe Form...................................................................................................... 17
2.7
Pipe Creation (Worked Example) ............................................................................................... 17
2.8
Pipe Branch Heads and Tails ........................................................................................................ 19
2.8.1
Branch Head Attributes ............................................................................................................. 19
2.8.2
Branch Tail Attributes ................................................................................................................ 19
2.9
Modify Pipe Form............................................................................................................................ 20
2.10
Updating Pipe & Branch Data .................................................................................................... 21
2.11
Pipe Branch Head/Tail Positioned Explicitly............................................................................ 22
2.12
Pipe Branch Head/Tail Connected (Worked Example) ......................................................... 23
2.13
Modify Pipe Form - continued.................................................................................................... 25
2.14
Navigating Pipes and Branches ................................................................................................ 26

Exercise 1 Create Pipes Head/Tail..........................................................................................28


3

Component Creation and Modification...............................................................................29


3.1
Pipe Branch Components (Pipe Fittings)..................................................................................... 29
3.2
Arrive and Leave Points ................................................................................................................. 30
3.3
Piping Component Editor Form - Creation .................................................................................. 31
3.3.1
Selecting from an Alternative Specification ............................................................................... 32
3.4
Piping Component Editor Form Creation (Worked Example) .............................................. 33
3.5
Piping Component Editor Form Modification ........................................................................... 36
3.5.1
Forwards / Backwards Mode ..................................................................................................... 37
3.5.2
Positioning Functions ................................................................................................................ 38
3.5.3
Rotation and Direction Tools ..................................................................................................... 46
3.5.4
Orientation Functions ................................................................................................................ 51
3.5.5
Other Functions ......................................................................................................................... 55
3.5.6
Component Sequence List ........................................................................................................ 59
3.6
Piping Component Editor Form Modification (Worked Example) ....................................... 60
3.7
Branch Components List Order .................................................................................................... 62
3.8
Inserting Inline Fittings Flanges................................................................................................. 64
3.9
Inserting Inline Fittings Tees ...................................................................................................... 66
3.10
Inserting Inline Fittings Reducers .......................................................................................... 68
3.11
Handling Multiple Wall Thicknesses ......................................................................................... 69
3.12
Deleting Components ................................................................................................................. 70
3.13
Deleting a Range of Piping Components ................................................................................. 71
3.14
Component Editor Form Inline Fittings (Worked Example).............................................. 72

Exercise 2 Component Creation Branch /100-B-8/B1.........................................................81


3.15
Component Editor Form Reselection..................................................................................... 82
3.16
Component Editor Form Reselection (Worked Example) ................................................. 83
3.17
Piping Settings Form .................................................................................................................. 84
3.17.1 Piping Settings Form - Creation ................................................................................................ 84
3.17.2 Piping Settings Form Selection .............................................................................................. 86
3.17.3 Piping Settings Form - Display .................................................................................................. 87

Using the Model Editor ........................................................................................................89


4.1
4.2
4.3

General Use of the Model Editor ................................................................................................... 89


Quick Pipe Router......................................................................................................................... 104
Extend Route Handle Menus ....................................................................................................... 105

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4.4
Rotational Handle Menus............................................................................................................. 105
4.5
Fitting to Fitting Functionality ..................................................................................................... 106
4.6
Quick Pipe Routing Using Elbows (Worked Example) .......................................................... 108
4.7
Pipe Routing Using Bends........................................................................................................... 111
4.7.1
Bends via Pipe Fabrication Machine ....................................................................................... 111
4.8
Pipe Routing Using Bends via Pipe Fabrication Machine (Worked Example) .................... 112
4.9
Adding Bends Using the Form .................................................................................................... 116
4.10
Changing to Alternative Fabrication Machine Bend (Worked Example) .......................... 117
4.11
Fabrication Machine Bends General Information ............................................................... 118

Exercise 3 Quick Pipe Router /100-C-13............................................................................121


5

Sloping Pipes .....................................................................................................................123


5.1
Overview of Variable Angle P-Point Method.............................................................................. 123
5.2
Variable Angle P-Points ............................................................................................................... 124
5.2.1
Setting the Nominal Direction on a Component ...................................................................... 125
5.2.2
Variable Angle P-Points with Quick Pipe Router..................................................................... 126
5.3
Creating a Sloping Pipe using Quick Pipe Router (Worked Example)................................. 128
5.3.1
Setting the Nominal Direction (Worked Example) ................................................................ 130
5.4
Retrospective Sloping of Pipes................................................................................................... 132
5.5
Retrospective Sloping of Pipes (Worked Example) ............................................................... 137

Exercise 4 Creating Sloping Pipes - /100-C-17 ....................................................................140


6

Advanced Positioning Forms............................................................................................143


6.1
Move Form..................................................................................................................................... 144
6.1.1
Distance Tab............................................................................................................................ 144
6.1.2
Through Tab ............................................................................................................................ 147
6.1.3
Clearance Tab ......................................................................................................................... 148
6.1.4
Towards Tab............................................................................................................................ 149
6.2
Move Branch ................................................................................................................................. 150
6.3
Drag Move and Drag Move Branch ............................................................................................. 150
6.4
Advanced Positioning Forms (Worked Example) .................................................................. 151

Exercise 5 Advanced Positioning Pipe /100-C-13.............................................................153


7

Further Concepts ...............................................................................................................155


7.1
7.2
7.3

Copying an Inline Component..................................................................................................... 155


Copying a Branch (Worked Example)...................................................................................... 156
Deleting a Pipe/Branch................................................................................................................. 159

Pipework Spec/Bore Modification.....................................................................................161


8.1
Pipework Component Bore and Specification Modification .................................................... 161
8.1.1
Modify Components Form ....................................................................................................... 161
8.1.2
Component Selection .............................................................................................................. 162
8.1.3
Modifying Component Specifications ...................................................................................... 163
8.1.4
Error Messages ....................................................................................................................... 164
8.1.5
Highlighting .............................................................................................................................. 165
8.1.6
Choosing a Component........................................................................................................... 166
8.1.7
Modifying Component Bore ..................................................................................................... 167
8.1.8
Modifying Insulation and Tracing Specifications ..................................................................... 167
8.2
Modifying a Specification (Worked Example) ......................................................................... 168

Exercise 6 - Modify Specification Pipe /150-A-57 ................................................................171


9

Piping Assemblies .............................................................................................................173


9.1

10

Using Assemblies ......................................................................................................................... 173

Splitting and Merging .....................................................................................................177

10.1
Pipe Splitting ............................................................................................................................. 177
10.1.1 Splitting Options....................................................................................................................... 178
10.1.2 Split Pipes on a Plane ............................................................................................................. 178
10.1.3 Split Pipes into Segments........................................................................................................ 181
10.1.4 Split by Moving Component..................................................................................................... 182
10.1.5 Assembly Tab .......................................................................................................................... 183
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10.1.6 Performing the Split ................................................................................................................. 184
10.1.7 Splitting Pipes on a Plane (Worked Example)...................................................................... 184
10.1.8 Splitting into Segments (Worked Example).......................................................................... 187
10.2
Merge Pipe / Branch.................................................................................................................. 189
10.2.1 Merge Pipe (Worked Example) ............................................................................................ 189

11

Pipe Penetration and Hole Management .......................................................................191

11.1
Introduction to Hole Management ........................................................................................... 191
11.1.1 Request and Approval Workflow ............................................................................................. 192
11.2
Introduction to Non-Penetration Managed Holes .................................................................. 192
11.3
Use of the Hole Management Application .............................................................................. 192
11.4
Creating Single Penetrations ................................................................................................... 193
11.4.1 ATTA From Pipe Spec............................................................................................................. 194
11.4.2 Coupling from Pipe Spec ......................................................................................................... 197
11.4.3 Pipe Penetration Examples (Standard Types) ........................................................................ 198
11.5
The Hole Management Utility ................................................................................................... 199
11.5.1 Create Holes Section............................................................................................................... 199
11.5.2 Merge Holes ............................................................................................................................ 203
11.5.3 Modify Holes ............................................................................................................................ 204
11.5.4 Utilities ..................................................................................................................................... 205
11.6
Creating Non-Penetration Managed Holes Free Holes....................................................... 209
11.6.1 Free Holes ............................................................................................................................... 209
11.7
Hole Management...................................................................................................................... 214
11.7.1 Hole Association Filters ........................................................................................................... 214
11.7.2 Show Tags............................................................................................................................... 216
11.7.3 Translucent Penetrated ........................................................................................................... 217
11.7.4 Hole Association Options ........................................................................................................ 217
11.7.5 Managing Hole Associations ................................................................................................... 218

Exercise 7 Hole Creation.......................................................................................................221


Exercise 8 Completing the Pipework ...................................................................................222
12

Data Consistency............................................................................................................237

12.1
Data Consistency ...................................................................................................................... 237
12.1.1 Possible Types of Data Error................................................................................................... 237
12.1.2 Accessing the Data Consistency Checks................................................................................ 238
12.1.3 The Report Format .................................................................................................................. 239
12.1.4 Data Consistency Diagnostic Messages ................................................................................. 240
12.1.5 Example of Diagnostic Messages ........................................................................................... 240

Exercise 9 Data Consistency ................................................................................................245


13

Clash Detection...............................................................................................................247

13.1
Accessing the Clashes Form ................................................................................................... 247
13.2
Executing a Clash Check ......................................................................................................... 247
13.2.1 Validation Philosophy .............................................................................................................. 248

Exercise 10 Clash Detection .................................................................................................249


14

Design Checker...............................................................................................................251

14.1
Design Checker ......................................................................................................................... 251
14.1.3 Design Checker Results .......................................................................................................... 254
14.2
Design Checker (Worked Example) ..................................................................................... 255

Exercise 11 Design Checker .................................................................................................256


15

Production Checks .........................................................................................................257

15.1
Definitions.................................................................................................................................. 257
15.1.1 Pipe Spools.............................................................................................................................. 257
15.1.2 Pipe Pieces.............................................................................................................................. 257
15.2
Accessing the Pipe Production Checks Form ....................................................................... 258
15.2.1 Setting Up Production Checks................................................................................................. 259
15.2.2 Define Auto Resolve Preferences ........................................................................................... 259
15.2.3 Define Auto-Naming Preferences............................................................................................ 260
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15.2.4 Generating Spools ................................................................................................................... 261
15.2.5 Auto-Naming Pipe Pieces........................................................................................................ 261
15.3
The Pipe Production Checks Form ......................................................................................... 262
15.3.1 Validation ................................................................................................................................. 263
15.3.2 Examples of Various Results................................................................................................... 264
15.3.3 Expanding the Machine Results Panel.................................................................................... 266
15.3.4 Modifying Production Information ............................................................................................ 266
15.3.5 Changing or Assigning a Machine........................................................................................... 267
15.3.6 Applying an User Defined End Excess.................................................................................... 267
15.3.7 Applying a User Defined Minimum Feed Excess .................................................................... 267
15.3.8 Revalidating a Pipe Piece........................................................................................................ 268
15.3.9 Finish Viewing the Results ...................................................................................................... 268
15.3.10
Viewing Production Information ........................................................................................... 269
15.3.11
Removing Machine Information ........................................................................................... 270
15.3.12
Removing Fabrication Information ....................................................................................... 270
15.3.13
View Log .............................................................................................................................. 271

Exercise 12 Production Checks............................................................................................272


16
16.1
16.2

Creating Isometrics.........................................................................................................273
Creating Pipe Isometrics .......................................................................................................... 273
Creating System Isometrics..................................................................................................... 274

Exercise 13 Creating Isometrics...........................................................................................275


17

Creating Pipe Sketches in Draw.....................................................................................277

17.1
Accessing the AVEVA E3D Draw Module............................................................................... 277
17.2
Creating a Registry ................................................................................................................... 278
17.3
Creating Pipe Sketches ............................................................................................................ 279
17.3.1 Design Elements to Search Under .......................................................................................... 280
17.3.2 Filter the Spools Using ............................................................................................................ 280
17.3.3 Search Results ........................................................................................................................ 281
17.3.4 Sketch Creation Options.......................................................................................................... 281
17.3.5 Create Sketches ...................................................................................................................... 282

Exercise 14 Creating Pipe Sketches.....................................................................................284


Appendix A - Additional Flange Information ..........................................................................285
A.1 - Flange Offset Value for Slip-On Flanges ...................................................................................... 285
A.2 - Flange Allowance Value for ALLO Flanges.................................................................................. 286
A.3 Additional Queries ......................................................................................................................... 287
A.3.1 Wall Thickness Queries ............................................................................................................. 287
A.3.2 Corrosion Allowance Queries .................................................................................................... 288
A.3.3 Flange Allowance Queries......................................................................................................... 288

Appendix B Model Editing / Pipe Editing / Quick Pipe Router Menus ...............................289
B.1 Model Editor Cardinal Direction Handle Menu......................................................................... 289
B.2 Model Editor Rotational Handle Menu ...................................................................................... 290
B.3 Pipe Editing Handle Menu.......................................................................................................... 291
B.4 Quick Pipe Router - Extend Route Handle Menu........................................................................ 292
B.5 Quick Pipe Router - Rotational Handle Menu ............................................................................. 294

Appendix C Insulation and Tracing ......................................................................................295


C.1 - Adding / Controlling Insulation ..................................................................................................... 295
C.1.1 - Controlling Insulation between Components ............................................................................. 296
C.2 - Adding Tracing................................................................................................................................ 298

Appendix D Hole Management Request and Approval Workflow ......................................299


D.1 Hole Creation/Modification Workflow .......................................................................................... 299
D.2 Redundant Hole Workflow ............................................................................................................ 299
D.3 Rejected Hole Workflow ................................................................................................................ 300

Appendix E Design Checker Admin Overview.....................................................................301


E.1 - Design Checker Admin Form......................................................................................................... 301
E.1.2 - Vent High Points Admin Detail ................................................................................................... 302
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E.1.3 - Drain Low Points Admin Detail................................................................................................... 303
E.1.4 - Valve Stem Orientation Admin Detail......................................................................................... 303

Appendix F Bending Machine NC Outputs ..........................................................................305


F.1 - Accessing the Form ........................................................................................................................ 305
F.1.1 - Specifying Search Criteria .......................................................................................................... 306
F.2 NC Outputs...................................................................................................................................... 307

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CHAPTER 1
1 Introduction
Alongside the other primary modelling processes pipe routing is a time consuming activity on any project.
The aim of the course is to provide the skills required to use the AVEVA Everything3D (AVEVA E3D)
Pipework application in the most productive way. It will introduce some of the techniques that are used in
the other Model applications and provide an understanding of piping components, routing, checking
isometrics and simple clash detection.

1.1

Objectives

At the end of this training course participants will able to:

Understand the basic concepts of pipes and branches

Understand the use of piping specifications in AVEVA E3D

Understand the concept of branch heads and tails, the importance of component list order and flow
direction within a Branch

Create position and orientate piping components.

Modify pipe, branch and components

Copying pipe, branch and components

Deleting pipe, branch and components

Use of Model Editor

Use of Fabrication Machines

Manipulation of sloping pipes

Alternative methods of positioning

Modification of bore and specification

Use of assemblies

Perform Splitting and merging of pipes

Use Penetration and Hole Management

Run Data Consistency and to understand most of the diagnostic messages

Perform simple Clash Checks.

Use Design Checker

Use of Production Checks

Produce Check Isometrics

Create Pipe Sketches

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1.2

Prerequisites

It is expected that trainees will have completed the TM 1801 AVEVA Everything3D Foundations training
course. Trainees who can demonstrate a suitable understanding of other AVEVA E3D applications and
techniques may also be permitted to undertake the training.

1.3

Course Structure

Training will consist of oral and visual presentations, demonstrations, worked examples and set exercises.
Each workstation will have a training project populated with model objects. This will be used by the trainees
to practice their methods and complete the set exercises.

1.4

Using this Guide

Certain text styles are used to indicate special situations throughout this document. A summary of these
styles is provided below.
Button press actions are indicated by bold dark turquoise text.
Information the user has to enter will be bold red text.
Where supplementary information is provided, or reference is made to other documentation, the following
symbols and styles will be used.

Additional information

Refer to other documentation

System prompts will be bold, italic and in inverted commas i.e. 'Choose function'.
Example files or inputs will be in the bold courier new font.

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CHAPTER 2
2 Piping in AVEVA E3D (Basic Concepts)
2.1

Setting Up the Training Course

Login to AVEVA E3D using the details provided by the Trainer. They will typically be as shown below:

Project:

Training

User:

A.PIPER

Password:

MDB:

A-PIPING

Click the Model tile.

On the Tools tab, in the Training group, click the Setup button to display the Training
Setup form.

From the Piping tab select the Pipework Modelling radio button to indicate the current training course and
check the Setup Training Course checkbox. Click the Apply button followed by the Close button to close
the form.

Completed Exercises are available via the Training Setup form and may be accessed by the Trainer if
required.

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2.2

Accessing the Pipework Application

A default screen layout will be displayed comprising the Microsoft Office Fluentbased user interface
and a Model Explorer showing all the objects from the current project databases.
Once the Model module has been started, it must be checked that the Pipework application is running. This
can be seen on the options list at top of the model framework, in the screenshot below it is showing the
General application. This can be changed by selecting Piping from the options list as shown.

Selecting the Piping application will add the Piping tab to the new Microsoft Office Fluentbased user
interface.

2.3

Piping Tab

The Piping tab is used to manipulate pipes, branches and branch components and also invoke the functions
and tools specific to the Pipework application. It is split into seven groups:-

Common (this is identical for all applications).

Create

Modify

Tools

Penetrate

Isometrics

Production

PSI

Throughout this training guide it will be assumed that the Piping tab is being used unless otherwise
stated.

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2.4

Pipe Model Hierarchy

There is a separate model hierarchy for pipe routing, as shown below. In principle, each pipe element may
own a number of branches. In turn, branches may own a number of piping components, e.g. valves,
reducers, tees, flanges, etc.
The difference between pipes and branches is that a branch is only considered to have two ends, while a
pipe may have any number of ends, depending on the number of branches it owns.

A pipe with three ends and two branches is shown below. The second
branch is connected to the first at the tee.
This demonstrates another piping hierarchy rule. Although a branch
only has two ends, it may own components (in this case a tee) which
connect to other branches.
These simple concepts enable any number of piping configurations to
be developed, and forms the basis of all existing designed AVEVA
E3D pipework.

An alternative pipe configuration that still complies with these rules


is shown here. In this instance the branch leaves the tee through
the offline leg.

Pipe branches serve two purposes:

They define the start and finish points of a pipe route (known as the Head and Tail in AVEVA
E3D).

They own the piping components, which define the route.

The position and order of the piping components below branch level determine the physical route. In AVEVA
E3D it is only necessary to consider the fittings, because the pipe that appears between fittings is
automatically set (or implied) by AVEVA E3D according to the specifications of the fittings.
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2.5

Piping Specifications

In the same way that design offices have standard piping specifications, AVEVA E3D has a set of
specifications from which the designer can select. All the components within AVEVA E3D must be defined in
the Catalogue and be placed in a Specification before they can be selected. In the Training Project there are
three such specifications:

A1A

ANSI CLASS 150 CARBON STEEL

A3B

ANSI CLASS 300 CARBON STEEL

F1C

ANSI CLASS 150 STAINLESS STEEL

These specifications contain all the fittings required for the course exercises. An important point to
remember when using the application is which specification is currently being used as the default.
For the Training Project, the first letter in the pipe name represents the specification to be used. For
example, the PIPE /150-B-5 has the letter B to represent the specification.
The specification letters are as follows:

A = /A1A

B = /A3B

C = /F1C

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2.6

Pipe Editor:- Create Pipe Form


In the Create group click the Create Pipe
button to display the Pipe Editor: Create
Pipe form.
The Pipe Editor: Create Pipe form is now displayed
The upper section of the form allows the Pipe Name to be entered
and the Primary System to be selected.
The middle section of the form allows the selection of the
specification for the pipe.
The lower section of the form is the Basic Pipe Process Data:

Bore field indicated on the form is the nominal bore for


this pipe and does not affect the pipe route.

Insulation Spec

Tracing Spec

Temperature

Pressure

Slope Ref.

Not all of these fields are mandatory.


Clicking the Apply button will create the pipe which in turn
changes the form to the Pipe Editor: Modify Pipe form.

2.7

Pipe Creation (Worked Example)

The following sections include a worked example which covers pipe creation, branch positioning and
connecting a branch head/tail.
It is usual to create pipe elements in situ to allow referencing of other model elements.
Add EQUI D1201 and :HEATEX E1302A owned by ZONE-EQUIPMENT-AREA01 which in turn belongs to
SITE-EQUIPMENT-AREA01 to the 3D View.

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Click the Create > Create Pipe button to


display the Pipe Editor: Create Pipe form.

Before creating the pipe navigate to the correct ZONE using the
Model Explorer, in this case ZONE /ZONE-PIPING-AREA01.

Enter the Pipe Name, 80-B-7.


Select the Primary System for the pipe to be Process System
B.
Select the required Pipe Specification A3B.
Select the Bore to be 80mm, and keep the default values for
Insulation, Tracing, Temperature and Slope Ref then click the
Apply button.
The new pipe has been created in ZONE /ZONE-PIPINGAREA01.

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2.8

Pipe Branch Heads and Tails

All branches need to have a start and end point. These can be a position in space (3D co-ordinates), the
flange face of a nozzle, a tee or various other points in the model. Heads and tails are set up via a series of
attributes that belong to the branch element.

The branch head is at the face of Nozzle 1 and the branch tail is at the face of Nozzle 2. The head and tail
can be easily distinguished by the different symbols which can be seen when the connected element is not
in the 3D View.

2.8.1

HPOS

The position in the zone where the branch starts.

HCON

The connection type of the branch end

HDIR

The direction in which the start of the branch is pointing (looking down the bore).

HBOR

The bore of the pipe (this can be metric or imperial).

HREF
The name of the item to which the branch head is connected (e.g. /C1101-N1). If
this is not set, then the branch is open to the atmosphere for a vent or drain.

HSTU
This is a reference to the catalogue, which determines the material of the first piece
of pipe, between the start of the branch and the first fitting (this still needs to be set, even if there is
a fitting connected directly to the head).

2.8.2

Branch Head Attributes

Branch Tail Attributes

TPOS

The position in the zone where the branch ends.

TCON

The connection type of the branch end

TDIR
bore).

The direction in which the end of the branch is pointing (looking back down the

TBOR

The bore of the pipe (this can be metric or imperial).

TREF
The name of the item to which the branch tail is connected (e.g. /150-A-3). If this is
not set, then the branch is open to the atmosphere for a vent or drain.

It is not necessary to specify each of these attributes every time a branch is created. On most
occasions when a branch head or tail is defined, it will be connected to another pipe or to a nozzle. The
act of connecting to another item sets the branch head/tail attributes automatically.

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2.9

Modify Pipe Form

In AVEVA E3D terms a pipe is an administration element. The branch element holds the geometric data.
On clicking the Apply button on the Pipe Editor: Create Pipe
form the Pipe Editor: Modify Pipe form is automatically
displayed so that the branch head and tail can be specified.
The upper section of the displays the pipe name and
specification.
There is also a list of existing branches containing the reference
names for head and tail connections.

At present the head and tail entries are blank because the
branch has not been connected.

The lower section of the form shows the Branch Head and
Branch Tail tabs. These allow the positioning, connection and
setting of various other attributes for the head and tail of the
selected branch.
It can be considered that there are two methods of doing this:-

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Explicitly by entering the data manually.

Connecting by connecting to an existing pipe or


equipment nozzle the values are set automatically.

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2.10

Updating Pipe & Branch Data


Modify Pipe Attributes

Modify Branch Attributes


Clicking the Modify Pipe Attributes or the Modify Branch Attributes button will change the form allowing
modification of the pipe or branch attributes respectively.

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2.11

Pipe Branch Head/Tail Positioned Explicitly

The explicit definition method involves the use of the tab below the List of Connections fold-up panel.
When setting the branch head or tail explicitly, each of the
previously described branch attributes needs to be specified.
Bore: Nominal Bore size of the pipe. The options list contains all
sizes available in the current specification.
Connection: select from the options list of the available head/tail
connection types.
Direction: - the head direction is with the flow and the tail direction
is against the flow.
The Pick Position button can be used to graphically set the
head/tail position using the Positioning Control toolbar. This is with
respect to the World.
Position: Position in world co-ordinates. This can be expressed in
ENU or XYZ format.
By default setting the initial position for the head will result in the tail
also being positioned and vice versa. The position of the tail is in
relation to that of the head.

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The automatic positioning of the opposing end of the branch


will allow immediate use of the Quick Pipe Router if required,
see Chapter 4 for details.

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2.12

Pipe Branch Head/Tail Connected (Worked Example)


With the Branch Head tab selected click the Pick
Connection button.
The prompt Identify element to connect to: is displayed.
In this example the head connection will be connected to Nozzle
N2 of :HEATEX E1302A.
Indicate the EQUI as shown:-

In this example the Nozzle is deliberately avoided to


demonstrate alternative behavior.

This will result in the name of the EQUI being added to the form
and the List of Connections fold-up panel being populated with
the nozzle connections and their availability from the EQUI.
In this case click N2 from the list followed by the Connect To
Selected button.

The List of Connections fold-up panel closes and the new


values can be seen on the lower section of the form.

Similarly to the explicit positioning method, the positioning of the


head will have automatically resulted in the tail position being
defined. However for the purposes of this worked example the tail
will be updated.

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Repeat the connection procedure for the Branch Tail tab. Click
the Pick Connection button as shown before.
In this example the tail connection will be connected to nozzle
N1 of EQUI D1201.

This time indicate the actual nozzle as shown:-

Because the unconnected nozzle was indicated directly the


connection is made automatically.
The List of Connections fold-up panel closes and the new
values can be seen on the lower section of the form.

Savework

In this case the head and tail connections are in line resulting in
the route from head to tail being geometrically correct.
When the route of the branch is geometrically correct the
implied tube will be created.

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The inclusion of the implied tube immediately after creating


the connections is not normally the case. Usually the
branch requires some form of modification in order to
make the implied tube appear.

When using the Pick Connection method for head/tail


creation it is not necessary to click the Apply button. This
is because the information is committed to the database
when the Connect To Selected button is clicked.

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2.13

Modify Pipe Form - continued


The other buttons on the form are:Set Working Pipe allows navigation to an alternative
pipe and update the form to suit.
Create New Branch creates a new branch belonging
to the current pipe.
Autoroute Branch routes the branch between the
existing components or head/tail connection is no
components are present using default selections from the
specification.
Disconnect disconnects the head/tail from the current
connection.
Reconnect reconnects the head/tail to a connection
that has changed position in the model.
Connect To First/Last Member repositions the
head/tail to the first/last member in the branch. This is
used for modification when the head/tail is not connected
to another pipe or nozzle. This also sets the Connection
Type to that of first/last member.

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2.14

Navigating Pipes and Branches

If there is a requirement to modify the pipe or branch once it has been created, select the pipe in the 3D
View or from the Model Explorer and then from the Modify group click the Modify Pipe button to display
the Pipe Editor: Modify Pipe form.

Alternatively, if the Pipe Editor: Modify Pipe form is already open navigate to the pipe and click the Set
Working Pipe button on the form. Allowing the navigation between pipes without having to close the form
and reopen it each time

The form displays the existing branches owned by the pipe in the
Connectivity table. Highlighting the branch which requires modifying in this
table will display the head and tail details and connection information on the
relevant tab. The selected branch will also be highlighted in the 3D View

Branch B1 selected
for modification.

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Branch B2
selected for
modification.

The form is also used to create a new branch by clicking the Create New Branch button. The head and tail
position for the new branch can now be defined.

The new branch can now be seen in


the Model Explorer.

If the Modify > Modify Pipe or Set Working Pipe button is clicked and the Current Element is not a valid
pipe, branch or component then a warning will be displayed.

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Exercise 1 Create Pipes Head/Tail

Create Pipe /200-B-4 below ZONE /ZONE-PIPINGAREA01 using the following information:

Primary System
System B.

Process

Specification

A3B

Bore

200mm

Head connected to nozzle EQUI /C1101/N3

Tail connected to nozzle EQUI /E1301/N1.

Create Pipe /150-A-57 below ZONE /ZONE-PIPINGAREA01 using the following information:

Primary System
System A.

Process

Specification

A1A

Bore

150mm

Insulation

= 50mm_FibreGlass

Head is Open End W 303000 N 308530 U


104965 with a Direction of W

Tail connected to nozzle :PUMP


P1502B/N1.

Savework
Practice navigating between the different pipes and
branches.

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CHAPTER 3
3 Component Creation and Modification
3.1

Pipe Branch Components (Pipe Fittings)

When a branch head and tail is initially defined, the branch will consist of a single section of pipe running in
a straight line between the head and tail positions. This will appear as a dotted line between the two points
unless the head and tail are aligned along a common axis and have the same bore. The presence of the
dotted line indicates that the branch route is incorrectly defined.

The next step in designing a pipe is to create and position a series of fittings, which define the pipe route
required. It is necessary to decide which piping components are needed in order to satisfy the requirements
of the process. The components must be arranged so that the pipe meets the design requirements. It is not
necessary to know the dimensions of fittings as AVEVA E3D derives these automatically from the catalogue.
To create components, first select an item from the list of fittings available from the associated piping
specification. Typical fitting types are Elbows, Tees, Reducers, Flanges, Gaskets and Valves. There is some
intelligence built into the AVEVA E3D forms so that by placing, for example a valve, the associated Gaskets
and Flanges will also be created.
For all piping components, the following steps will need to be performed:

Select the component from the piping specification.

Position the component and set the orientation.

The Tube does not have to be created explicitly; it is created automatically and implied between adjacent
fittings.

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3.2

Arrive and Leave Points

Piping components have Ppoints (similar to those for equipment primitives). The significance of Ppoints is
twofold. Firstly, they define the connection points, and secondly, they determine the branch flow through
the component by means of Arrive and Leave attributes.
For the reducer shown below, the large end is at P1 and the small end is at P2. If this component is used to
increase the bore of the branch, the flow in the direction of the branch will be from P2 to P1. In order to tell
AVEVA E3D the necessary flow direction, there are two numeric attributes, Arrive and Leave, which must be
set to the ppoint numbers required. In this case, Arrive would be set to 2 and Leave would be set to 1. (The
default is Arrive 1 Leave 2). Forms and menus within AVEVA E3D will handle all connections; however it is
important to understand the concepts behind the connections.

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3.3

Piping Component Editor Form - Creation


In the Create group click the Create Component button to display the Piping
Component Editor form.

The Piping Component Editor form now appears.


This form is used extensively during pipe creation. As implied
by the name of the form it is not only restricted to the creation of
the components, but also for the modification and reselection
as well.
The upper section of the form relates to the general branch
information such as Specification, Bore, Insulation and
Tracing.
The next section of the form consists of two tabs. The
Standard Components tab displays the 14 commonly used
component buttons. This is supplemented by the Additional
Components tab.
The selection of one of these buttons will make the Select tab
active to further filter the selection.
In addition to the Select tab there are also the Modify,
Reselect and Errors tabs. The use of these tabs will be
covered later in this guide.
The appearance of the area below the sType list varies
depending on the type of component being added.

The lower section of the form is common for all component


types:-

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Create Mode section determines whether the


components are created in the direction of flow or
against flow.

Create Components section determines whether the


components are connected to the current component
or inserted.

The Auto Create checkbox is mainly used to


determine whether connecting flanges and gaskets
are to be added, i.e. when creating flanges or valves.

The Skip Connected Comps checkbox is used if the


Current Element is connected to other components.
With this checkbox checked the component will be
created at the next free connection, i.e. where there is
implied tube.

The default value for these checkboxes can be determined


by the Piping Settings form see section 3.17 for further
details

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3.3.1

Selecting from an Alternative Specification

Components can be selected from an alternative


specification if required using the options list as shown.

The selection of an alternative specification is indicated


on the form as a warning.

When an alternative specification is being used and the


component is of the correct type, i.e. flange, valve, etc.
the Select adjacent out of spec checkbox becomes
active.
Checking this checkbox will result in the adjacent
components also being selected from the alternative
specification if available.

The default value for these checkboxes can be


determined by the Piping Settings form see
section 3.17 for further details

To revert back to the original specification click the


Reset Specification link label or reselect it from the
options list as before.

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3.4

Piping Component Editor Form Creation (Worked Example)

The first section of this worked example is very simple and will cover the completion of PIPE /80-B-7 that
was created in the worked example in the previous chapter.
Navigate to BRAN 80-B-7/B1 in the Model Explorer.

When adding flanges to head or tail the branch must be the current
element.

Click the Create > Create Component button to display the Piping
Component Editor form.

Components are created by selecting the required fitting type button, in


this case the Flange, which in turn influences the appearance of the
lower section of the form.
Once the fitting type has been selected a list of available
STypes will be displayed on the Select tab.
The Piping Component Editor form shows details of all the
sTypes available in the specification. i.e. a slip-on flange, weld
neck, etc.
The items are created in order, With Flow or Against Flow. As
the button is selected the branch toggles between the head/tail
position.

At Head - With Flow direction.

At Tail - Against Flow direction

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Select the required flange from the sType list, FSO, click the With Flow button, check the Auto. Create
Adjacent and Skip Connected Comps. checkboxes and click the Connect button. The new flange
complete with gasket will be added to the branch. Appearing in both the 3D View and Model Explorer.

Now add a SO flange and gasket


to the tail of the pipe:
Ensure that the branch level is
selected in the hierarchy to
achieve the correct result.

Savework.

The next section of this worked example will handle the creation of some of the components for PIPE /200B-4 that was created in Exercise 1 of the previous chapter.

Navigate to BRAN /200-B-4/B1 in the Model Explorer.


Click the Create > Create Component button to display
the Piping Component Editor form.
Alternatively if the form is already open click the Set
Working Branch button to update the form to suit the
current pipe.
Connect a WN flange to the head and tail of the branch.

Navigate to the flange at the head of the


branch and click the Elbow button on the
form.

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Select the EL90 from the sType list.


When adding an elbow it is also possible to specify the Angle by
entering the degrees value. This value has to be within the
Min/Max value specified.

This Min/Max value is set in the specification.

In this case the default value of 90 is valid.


Click the With Flow button followed by the Connect.

The elbow is connected to the


flange as shown.

With the previously created elbow selected create a second


elbow, ensuring that the With Flow button is selected.

Navigate to the flange at the tail of the branch and create a third
elbow, ensuring that the Against Flow button has been clicked.
These elbows require modification because the orientation is not
correct to suit the desired route.

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3.5

Piping Component Editor Form Modification

The Piping Component Editor form promotes the workflow of creation and modification from the same
form maintaining focus in a single area of the application.

Retrospective modification can also be performed using the Model Editor, refer to Chapter 4.
The Modify tab differs to the Select tab in that it is not
necessary to use the Set Working Branch button to
update the form to the current branch or component.
The form tracks the current element allowing the
selection of any pipe component for which the user
has write access for modification.

The Modify tab has five main sections:-

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Positioning Functions

Rotation & Direction tool

Orientation Functions

Other Functions

Component Sequence List

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3.5.1

Forwards / Backwards Mode


When the Modify tab is selected an additional button
becomes active which determines whether the
modifications are applied in Forwards or Backwards
mode. This button is a toggle which shows the current
mode that is being used.

Not all of the Modify functions are affected by the


Forwards/Backwards mode. This will be clearly
stated in the relevant sections

In Forwards mode the functions are performed


with the direction of flow. The modification axes
are positioned at the arrive of the component.

In Backwards mode the functions are performed


against the direction of flow. The modification
axes are positioned at the leave of the
component.

This often has the result of reversing the


meaning of the function, i.e. Next becomes
Previous and vice versa.

The mode currently being used can be determined by which button is visible. This mode will be set until it is
changed.

The following sections will use the Forwards direction mode only unless otherwise stated.

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3.5.2

Positioning Functions
Branch Head
Previous Component
Align with Previous
Next Component
Branch Tail
Cursor Pick
Distance From Previous
Tube Length from Previous
Advanced Drag Move
Advanced Move

The following explanations will assume that the Forwards direction mode has been selected unless
stated otherwise.

With the exception of Advanced Drag Move and Advanced Move the remaining Positioning functions use
a constrained centreline from the previous or next component to position the component being modified. The
use of the previous or next component from which the constrained centreline is applied is dependent on the
Forwards or Backwards mode respectively. The component will be positioned so that the origin is along
the constrained centreline. The orientation of the component is not altered when using the Positioning
functions.

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3.5.2.1 Position Through - Branch Head/Tail


In Forwards direction mode a constrained centreline is used from the previous component through the
origin of the component being modified. The component is then positioned through the head/tail
respectively.

Branch Head

Branch Tail

These functions are influenced by Forwards/Backwards direction mode.

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3.5.2.2 Position Through - Previous/Next Component


In Forwards direction mode a constrained centreline is used from the previous component through the
origin of the component being modified. The component is then positioned through the origin of the
Previous/Next component respectively.

Previous Component

Next Component

These functions are influenced by Forwards/Backwards direction mode.

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3.5.2.3 Position Through - Align with Previous


In Forwards direction mode a constrained centreline is used from the previous component through the
origin of the component being modified. The component is then positioned through its own origin which
results in it being aligned with the Previous component.

Align with Previous

This function is influenced by Forwards/Backwards direction mode

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3.5.2.4 Position Through - Cursor Pick


In Forwards direction mode a constrained centreline is used from the previous component through the
origin of the component being modified. The component is then positioned through the cursor pick indicated.

Cursor Pick

This will invoke the Positioning Control form.

In the illustration below the tee is positioned through


the nozzle of the pump

This function is influenced by Forwards/Backwards direction mode

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If the direction of the constrained centerline is not orthogonal, as is the case for the 45 degree elbow shown
below, the Select Through Plane form is displayed.

The Select Through Plane form allows the selection of three possible planes using the radio buttons.

Radio button 1 will position the component through


one of the orthogonal planes, at the picked position.
In this case the East plane.

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Radio button 2 will position the component through


the other orthogonal plane, at the picked position. In
this case the North plane.

Radio button 3 will position the component through a


plane perpendicular to the constrained centerline.
Effectively positioning the component at the closest
position to the picked position.

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3.5.2.5 Position Using Distance From Previous/Tube Length From Previous


These functions allow the positioning of the current component using a distance value entered into the
textbox. This distance will either be interpreted as the distance between the origins or the tube length
between the leave of the previous to the arrive of the component being modified.
Distance From Previous

Tube Length From Previous

The elbow is positioned so that there is 750mm


between the origins.

The elbow is positioned so that there is 750mm of


tube.

These functions are influenced by Forwards/Backwards direction mode

3.5.2.6 Advanced Drag Move/Move


Clicking the Advanced Move or Advanced Drag Move buttons will open the relevant form as shown below.

These are the advanced forms and are consequently handled in a separate chapter refer to chapter 6 Advanced Positioning Forms.

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3.5.3

Rotation and Direction Tools

These functions are influenced by Forwards/Backwards direction mode

3.5.3.1 Direction Tool


The Direction tool allows the indication one of the six axes to set
the direction of component. For example the direction of an elbow
can be set to Up as shown.

This will set the value in the Direction textbox. Alternatively the
value can be entered directly into the textbox.

The default orientation for the current form can be changed from
the right click menu. However if the form is initialised again the
orientation will be reset to the default.

To permanently set the default orientation the Piping


Settings form needs to be used, see section 3.17.3 for
details.

Clicking one of the planes will change the appearance of the tool allowing a more specific direction to be
selected. The result of this does depend upon the original orientation of the component.

To return to the default directional appearance, to allow the


selection of another plane click the Default Direction button or
press the Escape key.

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3.5.3.2 Rotation Tool


To access the Rotation tool click on
the Rotate Component button. This
allows the rotation of the component
to be modified.
The appearance of the tool is
dependent upon the
type of
component that has been selected.

When the tool is activated an aid is added to the 3D View which


shows the angle values. These are always incremental angles
with 0 degrees being the starting position of the component.

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Positioning the cursor over


the angle selection on the
form will result in the arc of
rotation being included in the
3D View.

Clicking the angle will modify


the component as shown.

The Rotation tool can also be applied to other component types. The
appearance of the gadget will change depending upon the object
being rotated as shown here for a valve.

The Direction functions first orientate the component so that:

In Forwards mode the arrive of the component is in the opposite direction to the leave of the
previous.

In Backwards mode the leave of the component is in the opposite direction to the arrive of the
next.

This orientation is performed before the direction of the leave (Forwards) or arrive (Backwards) is changed.
The position of the component is not altered.
Consequently the Direction functions might have unexpected results if:

The arrive of the component is not orientated to the leave of the previous in Forwards mode.

The leave of the component is not orientated to the arrive of the next in Backwards mode.

(The above situations are usually instantly recognisable because there will be no implied tube at the arrive
or leave).

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3.5.3.3 Rotation Tool with Flanged Components

For flanged components the


Rotation tool uses the bolt
hole positions to determine the
angles by default. In this case
there are 12 holes in the
flange allowing rotations of 30
degree increments.

In this case the valve has


been rotated but the flanges
have remained in the original
position. The valve rotation is
constrained to the angle
determined by the bolt hole
positions.

To turn off the constrained bolt


hole rotation, click the Change
To Default Angle button as
shown. The appearance of the
button has changed to show
the mode being used.

Selecting a rotation that does not align with the bolt hole spacing will result in the associated flanges being
highlighted and a question form appearing. Clicking the Yes button will also rotate the flanges while clicking
the No button will maintain the original flange rotations resulting in the flange bolt holes being misaligned
with those of the valve.

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Should any misalignment between the bolt holes need to rectified the Connect to Previous button can
be used, see section 3.5.5 for further details.

To return to the Direction tool


click on the Direct
Component button.

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3.5.4

Orientation Functions
Direction To Next
Direction To Previous
Direction To Head
Direction To Tail
Orientate Component
Flip Component
Align Selection/Component
Direct Selection/Component

The following explanations will assume that the Forwards direction mode has been selected unless
stated otherwise.

3.5.4.1 Direction To Next/Previous


These functions allow the direction of the current component towards the origin of the next/previous, whilst
orientating the component so that the opposing connection direction suits the adjacent component.

In Forwards mode the Direction To Next button orientates the arrive of


the component to suit the leave of the previous and then directs the leave
of the elbow to the origin of the next.

These functions are influenced by Forwards/Backwards direction mode

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3.5.4.2 Direction To Head/Tail


These functions allow the direction of the current component towards the head/tail position of the branch.
Usually Direction To Tail is used in Forwards mode to direct the leave connection and Direction To Head
is used in Backwards mode to direct the arrive connection.

Scenario:- The elbow has been created and positioned directly below the
tail of the branch. In Forwards mode the Direction To Tail button can be
used to direct the leave of the elbow to the tail position.

Scenario:- The elbow has been created and positioned at the same
height as the head of the branch. In Backwards mode the Direction To
Head button can be used to align the arrive of the elbow to the head
position.

These functions are influenced by Forwards/Backwards direction mode.

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3.5.4.3 Orientate Component


This allows the orientation of the current component so that direction of the arrive connection suits the leave
of the previous component (Forwards mode). This function does not make the axes co-linear or connect the
components.

Orientate Component

This function is influenced by Forwards/Backwards direction mode

3.5.4.4 Flip Component


This function flips the arrive and leave of a single component whilst maintaining the position. This will
change the flow direction through the component which is useful for single direction components such as
non-return valves; or to change the orientation of a lever or handwheel on a ball or butterfly valve
respectively.

Flip Component

This function is not influenced by Forwards/Backwards direction mode.

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3.5.4.5 Align/Direct Selection/Component


These functions are often used in conjunction with one another, but not in every case. They align the origin
of the bend or elbow with the next or previous component and direct the angle of the bend or elbow to
complete the route.

For the Align Selection/Component function to work correctly implied tube is required which
constrains the movement of the elbow along its centreline. Without the implied tube the results are
difficult to predict.

In the example below the pipe route is being modified so that the current 45 degree elbow is aligned to the
next component, a 90 degree elbow. The angle of the 45 degree elbow is then changed to the suit the
required direction.
Align Selection/Component

Direct Selection/Component

The same functions could have been applied to the downstream


90 degree elbow. This would have had the result of moving the
downstream 90 degree elbow and maintain the position of the 45
degree elbow. The angle of the 90 degree elbow would then be
changed to 45 degrees.

These functions are not influenced by Forwards/Backwards


direction mode

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3.5.5

Other Functions
Copy Component
Connect To Previous
Modify Arrive/Leave
Auto Complete

3.5.5.1 Copy Component


This allows the current component to be copied, creating a new component by connecting it to the current
component.

Copy Component

This function is influenced by Forwards/Backwards direction mode.

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3.5.5.2 Connect To Previous


This connects the current component directly to the previous component (Forwards mode).

Connect To Previous

If this function is applied to a group of connected


components as shown below, then an option to
move all of the selected components is displayed.

Clicking the Yes button will result in all selected


components, in this case the flanges, gaskets, valve
and elbowl; being repositioned to connect the CE to
the previous component.

This function is influenced by Forwards/Backwards direction mode.

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3.5.5.3 Modify Arrive/Leave


This allows the modification of the arrive and leave of an inline component without changing the orientation.
A common example of this is for a tee fitting to require the branch to be changed from P3 to P2.

Clicking the Modify Arrive/Leave button as shown will open the relevant form.

It can be seen that normally the Arrive is P1


and the Leave is P2, with P3 as the
connection for another branch.

This can be reconfigured to suit alternative requirements. For instance it may be a requirement to set the
Leave as P3 and keep the Arrive as P1 which will result in P2 being the free connection for the branch. This
can be achieved using the pull down menus on the form and clicking the Apply button:

In the above instance it would be necessary to reconfigure the connection for the branch.

This function is not influenced by Forwards/Backwards direction mode.

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3.5.5.4 Auto Complete


The Auto Complete button will automatically complete the route of the current branch. The route is
completed using default selections from the specification for flanges and elbows. These are the first
elements of their type in the specification. The completed route will be orthogonal and clash free. Any
existing components that were present will remain in their original positions.

Auto Complete

As an example, if this is applied to BRAN /200-B-4/B1 created in the previous worked example the logic
applied can be easily seen..

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3.5.6

Component Sequence List

The Component Sequence List is an ordered list of components for the current branch. It provides an
alternative method of navigating to the components within the branch whilst maintaining focus on the Piping
Component Editor form.
The CE is in the centre of the Component Sequence
List and is highlighted as shown. This is also reflected
in the Model Explorer and the 3D View in the usual
manner.

The Component Sequence List will also track


the CE should a selection be made from the
Model Explorer or 3D View.

The adjacent components in the branch are shown


both sides of the CE, unless first or last component is
selected. To navigate to an alternative component
select it from the list or alternatively click the Select
Previous or Select Next buttons Clicking these
buttons from the branch level will navigate to the
previous or next branch respectively.
Clicking the Select First Component or Select Last
Component buttons will navigate to the components
at the Head or Tail respectively (Forwards mode)
If the CE is close to the head or tail of the branch the
Component Sequence List will display the Select
Branch buttons. This will navigate to the branch level
in the Model Explorer.
The Component Sequence List is influenced by
Forwards/Backwards direction mode. Switching to
Backwards mode will reverse the sequence of the
components as shown.

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3.6

Piping Component Editor Form Modification (Worked Example)

This worked example will modify the elbows belonging to PIPE /200-B-4 already created in the previous
worked example.

Navigate to the ELBO1 of BRAN 200-B-4/B1 in the Model


Explorer.

Click the Modify > Modify Component button to display the


Piping Component Editor form.
Alternatively if the form is already open click the Set Working
Branch button. This will update the form to suit the current
pipe.
With the Modify tab selected ensure the Forwards direction
mode is active, if necessary click the Change To Forwards
Mode button and click D axis on the Direction tool.

Select the downstream elbow from the Component


Sequence List to make ELBO2 the CE. This is reflected in
the 3D View.

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Click the Connect To Previous button.

Click the Next Component button from the


Position Through section.

Click the Direction To Next button.

Select the downstream elbow from the Component


Sequence List to make ELBO3 the CE.

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Click the Direct Selection/Component button to
complete the route.

Savework

3.7

Branch Components List Order

With equipment and structure elements, the order in which the elements are created is of no importance to
the final outcome. With piping components, the order in which they are laid out, as well as their individual
positions and orientations, determines the final pipe route.
To help with this a Component Position Pointer is displayed at the current element. This aids the selection
of With Flow or Against Flow on the Select tab of the Piping Component Editor form. The direction and
position of the Component Position Pointer is determined by the selection. This indicates the position of
the new component being created.
This is demonstrated below on the elbow created previously on PIPE /200-B-4.

With Flow

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Against Flow

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Below is an example of the Model Explorer showing the components of BRAN /200-B-4/B1.

By default TUBE is not shown in the Model Explorer.

On the Project tab, select Options > System, followed by the Explorer Settings button to display the
Piping Settings form

Checking the Show TUBI/ROD checkbox and clicking the Apply button will display the implied tube
segments in the Model Explorer as shown below.

When using AVEVA E3D the list order becomes second nature after the creation of a number of branches.
However during the initial use careful attention should be paid to the order of the hierarchy.
Consider carefully where the next item is going to be inserted by watching the Component Pointer and
checking the Model Explorer frequently.

When creating a component at the branch head or branch tail, the branch must be the current element.
This was demonstrated in the previous worked example, see section 3.4.

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3.8

Inserting Inline Fittings Flanges

Thus far this guide has only covered the creation of components using the connect method. However inline
components can be inserted into the tube elements of the branch.
From the Standard Components tab click the
Flange button.

Select the FSO flange form the SType list.

Ensure the Auto Create checkbox is checked.


Click the Insert button.
The prompt to Identify branch leg for Flange: is
displayed.

The insertion position is indicated on the implied tube in the 3D View:-

When indicating the implied tube, clicking too close to existing components may result in the
component being connected as opposed to being inserted in the implied tube as intended. This is
controlled by the Piping Settings form, see section 3.17 for further details.

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The checking of the Auto Create checkbox results in


both flanges being inserted in to the implied tube as
shown. The form then allows the selection of an
alternative flange for the second flange.
Select the FSO flange from the Available
Alternatives list and click the Done button.
The selection of the alternative flange is applied to
the CE. It may be necessary to indicate the flange to
be changed in the 3D View before making the
selection on the form..

This is the same workflow for all flanged


components.

Leaving the Auto Create checkbox unchecked


results in a single flange being added to the branch.
Consequently there is no option to select an
alternative as shown previously.
The orientation of the flange is determined by the With Flow or Against Flow button. However when
inserting single flanges there is a Flip Component button available from the Create Components section of
the form in case the orientation of the flange needs to be amended.

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3.9

Inserting Inline Fittings Tees

Tees can be connected or inserted using the same methods that have already been described in this guide,
but there is some additional information that needs to be provided.

From the Standard Components tab click the Tee button.

As before a selection is made from the sType list. In the


example shown the sType Filter has been set to T.
The Conn Bore can also be used to filter, 200mm has been
used in this example.
The Config options determines the flow through the tee:Flow Through Tee creates a tee with the arrive set
to P1 and leave by the inline leg P2
Leave By Connection creates a tee with the arrive
set to P1 and leave by the offline leg P3
Arrive By Connection creates a tee with the arrive
set to P3 and leave by the inline leg P2
Ensure that the With Flow button is selected.
Click the Insert button.
The prompt Identify branch leg for Tee: is displayed.
The insertion position is indicated on the implied tube in the 3D View:-

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A set on tee does not have any graphical representation, but it can be seen in the Model Explorer.

The direction of a set-on tee may need to be changed. To do this the direction of P3 must be known.
With the TEE selected from the Model Explorer in the
Common group, select the General option from the
Attributes options list.

From the Query form select P3. This shows that P3 lies in
the North direction.
The direction can be changed using the Rotation tool as
shown previously or using the Model Editor, refer to
chapter 4

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3.10

Inserting Inline Fittings Reducers

Reducers can be connected or inserted using the same methods that have already been described in this
guide, but there is some additional information that needs to be provided..

From the Standard Components tab click the Reducer button.

As before a selection is made from the sType list. In the example


shown the sType Filter has been set to CONC.
The Leave Bore can also be used to filter. This combined with the
Config selection will impact on the appearance of the SType list.
The Config options determine the orientation of the reducer:Arrive Major, Leave Minor

Arrive Minor, Leave Major


If the Leave Bore textbox is unset and the Arrive Major, Leave
Minor has been selected, the SType list will display all concentric
reducers with an arrive bore of 200mm and a leave bore less than
200m that are available in the A3B specification.
In this example the Bore selected is 100mm
Ensure that the With Flow button is selected.
Click the Insert button.
The prompt Identify branch leg for Reducer: is displayed.
The insertion position is indicated on the implied tube in the 3D View:-

The reducer is placed in the indicated branch leg, but


because the leave bore of the reducer does not match
the arrive bore of the next component the implied tube
cannot be completed.

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3.11

Handling Multiple Wall Thicknesses

Some piping specifications contain tube elements that have alternative wall thicknesses for a single bore
size, i.e. /A150. For this to be the case the specification in the Paragon module will contain multiple entries
for the bore which in turn refer to an alternative wall thickness table (WTHTAB), as shown below.

The result of this is the presence of an additional Leave


Tube options list being available when the component has
been created.
By default the selection of the leave tube will be in
accordance with the default set in the specification.
An alternative can be selected from the options list.

A Confirm form is displayed, click the Yes button to


change the leave tube.

Once the leave tube has been set to an alternative, the alternative will be used for any new fittings that are
created.

For additional information relating to the queries available for wall thicknes refer to Appendix A.

For specifications of this type, when creating components where the


arrive and leave bore are different, i.e. reducers and tees of a particular
configuration; a Message form is displayed as a reminder to ensure the
correct leave tube has been selected for the new bore size.

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3.12

Deleting Components

So far this guide has covered the creation and modification of pipes, branches and components, however
from time to time it is necessary to delete components from the branch.
Using the Model Explorer, 3D View or Component Sequence List indicate the component to be deleted,
in this case it is the tee created in the previous section.

In the Common group, click the Delete button

Alternatively, individual components can be deleted directly from the


Model Explorer by using the right click and selecting Delete.

A Confirm form appears requiring the confirmation of the deletion? Click


the Yes button to delete the component, removing it from the Model
Explorer and the 3D View.

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3.13

Deleting a Range of Piping Components

It is possible to graphically indicate the first and last component within a range and then delete them in a
single operation. In this case the flanges, gasket and reducer will be deleted.
In the Tools group, click the Delete Range button. A prompt appears, Identify start of range selection to
delete, indicate the first component. A second prompt now appears, Identify end of range selection to
delete, indicate the last component.

The components are highlighted in the 3D View and a Confirm


alert form appears, requiring the confirmation of the deletion?
Click the Yes button to delete the range of components.

Alternatively the components to be deleted can be highlighted


by holding down the Ctrl key on the keyboard while indicating
them from the 3D View or by fencing them in using a window. In
the Common group, select the Selection option from the
Delete button options list.

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For information relating to the deletion of pipes or branches


refer to section 7.3.

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3.14

Component Editor Form Inline Fittings (Worked Example)

This worked example will continue the creation of BRAN /150-A-57/B1 by adding the necessary valve and
reducer at the suction connection nozzle /P1502B/N1.

Add PIPE /150-A-57 and :PUMP 1502B to the 3D View.

Open the Piping Component Editor form


Connect a #300 weld neck flange and gasket at the tail.

The upstream bore of the branch needs to be increased to


150mm to suit the head bore. With the flange selected, from
the Standard Components tab click the Reducer button as
shown.

From the Select tab select the Arrive Minor, Leave Major
button, set the SType filter to CONC and the Leave Bore to
150mm.
This will present only a single component in the SType list.
Click the Against Flow button followed by the Connect
button.

The reducer will be added to the flange


as shown.

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With the reducer previously created still the CE, click


the Valve button from the Standard Components
tab.
From the Select tab select the VALVE GATE from
the SType list.
Ensuring the Against Flow button and Auto Create
check box have been selected click the Connect
button.
An Error message is displayed indicating that the
connection of the default flange type is not
compatible with the reducer. Consequently the flange
and connected components have been moved by
100mm.

The default flange, FSO and valve will be added


upstream of the reducer as shown. The Alternative
flange available labels are shown as a prompt.
In this case the flange downstream of the valve
needs to be changed to weld neck so that it can be
connected directly to the reducer.

Indicate the flange in the 3D View to make it the CE.

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From the Select tab in the Available Alternatives section, select


WN and click the Done button.

The selected flange will be changed accordingly. The position of


the flange and the connected components needs to be corrected.

Select the Modify tab and click the Change to Backwards Mode
button.

From the Other section of the Modify tab, click the Connect To
Previous button, which in Backwards mode will connect to the
next component.

A Confirm form appears asking Do you want to connect all the


selected items?. Click the Yes button to reposition the selected
flange and the connected gaskets, valve and flange.

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The connected components are repositioned so that the weld


neck flange is connected directly to the reducer.

The rotation of the valve needs to be changed so that the


spindle of the handwheel is pointing South.
Click the Change to Forwards Mode button.
Select the Modify tab on the form followed by the Rotate
Component button.

With the valve selected indicate a 90 degree rotation.

Select the branch level either using the Model Explorer or


the Component Sequence List.

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Click the Elbow button from the Standard Components tab.

From the Select tab select the EL90 as shown from the SType
list.
Ensuring the With Flow button has been selected click the
Connect button.

The direction of the elbow needs to be changed so that the


leave of the elbow is pointing Down.
Select the Modify tab on the form and ensuring that Forwards
mode is selected click the Down direction.

The elbow is rotated to the correct orientation and now needs


to be repositioned. Enter a value of 5060mm in the textbox and
click the Distance From Previous button.

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With the elbow previously created still the CE, click the Tee
button from the Standard Components tab.

From the Select tab select the SType Filter options list to T
and the Conn. Bore to 150mm.
In the Config. section click the Arrive By Connection button.
Ensuring the With Flow button has been selected click the
Connect button.

The tee will be connected directly to


the elbow using the P3 connection of
the tee.

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Select the Modify tab on the form and enter a value of 750mm
in the textbox and click the Distance From Previous button.

This will position the tee at the correct height.

With the tee previously created still the CE, click the Elbow
button from the Standard Components tab.

From the Select tab select the EL90 as shown from the SType
list.
Ensuring the With Flow button has been selected click the
Connect button.

Select the Modify tab on the form and click the Next
Component button from the Position Through section of the
form.

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This will extend the leg so that the elbow is aligned in the
East axis with the tail position.

Click the South direction.

The elbow will now have the correct orientation.

Click the Copy Component button.

This will add another elbow which needs to be repositioned.

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Click the Next Component button


from the Position Through section of
the form.

Click the Direction To Next button


from the Orientation section of the
form.

The branch will now be complete.

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Exercise 2 Component Creation Branch /100-B-8/B1


Create Pipe /100-B-8 and Branch /100-B-8/B1 below ZONE ZONE-PIPING-AREA01 using the following
information:

Primary System

Process System B

Specification

A3B

Bore

100mm

Use a combination of weld neck flanges for the valves and slip-on flanges elsewhere.

The flanges downstream of the valves will be weld neck, which is technically incorrect. These will be
changed to slip-on in the next section of the guide

The suggested workflow for this exercise is as follows:-

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Create pipe and branch.

Connect head and tail to equipment items.

Create flange/gasket at head and tail.

Create elbow at head and tail, offset to distances


shown.

Create tee upstream of elbow at tail, offset to


distance shown.

Create elbows and position using Next Component


and Direction To Next functions.

Connect gate valves, complete with flanges and


gaskets, to elbow and tee.

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3.15

Component Editor Form Reselection

Frequently it is necessary to modify single components by using the Reselect tab available from the Piping
Component Editor form.
The Reselect tab works similarly to the Modify tab in
that the form tracks the current element.
The upper section of the tab lists the component name,
specification and bore.

The selection of an alternative Type and Sub-Type


from the available options lists is possible which will
filter the components available for selection.

To reselect a component click one of the components


from the list.

The appearance of the Reselect tab is dependent upon


the type of component currently selected. In this case
an elbow is the current element allowing the angle of
the elbow to be modified by the form.

The default behaviour of the Reselect form is


controlled by the Piping Settings form, see
section 3.17 for details.

Any errors that occur as a result of the reselection


function are displayed on the Errors tab.

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3.16

Component Editor Form Reselection (Worked Example)

This worked example will modify the flanges belonging to PIPE /100-B-8 already created in the previous
exercise.

Navigate to the FLAN3 of BRAN /100B-8/B1 in the Model Explorer.

Click the Modify > Modify Component button to display the


Piping Component Editor form.
Alternatively if the form is already open click the Set Working
Branch button to update the form to suit the current pipe.

Select the Reselect tab and from the Sub-Types option list
select FSO to filter the selection.

Select the FSO flange from the list to


change the flange type from Weld Neck
to Slip-On as shown.

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3.17

Piping Settings Form

The Piping Settings form is used to control some of the default behaviour within the Piping module.

On the Project tab, select Options >


Discipline, followed by the Piping
Application Defaults button to display
the Piping Settings form

The Piping Settings form is split into


three section:-

3.17.1

Creation

Selection

Display

Piping Settings Form - Creation

The Creation section handles the default behaviour that is encountered when using the Select tab on the
Piping Component Editor form.

3.17.1.1 Snap Distance


When using the Create Component at Picked Position button to insert a component into a section of tube.
The result of the pick will be determined by the proximity of the adjacent components in relation to the Snap
Distance. The Snap Distance is a ratio of the Outside Diameter of the tube. If the position indicated is
closer to the component than the Snap Distance then the component will be connected as opposed to
placed.

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3.17.1.2 Min. Tube

This is the tube length that is used when attempting to connect


components with incompatible connections.
.

3.17.1.3 Auto Align


This determines the behavior of the Insert button
when used to create components in a geometrically
incorrect route, indicated by a dotted line.
If this checkbox is checked:

The arrive of the component will be aligned


with the leave of the previous component, if
the With Flow button is selected.

The leave of the component being aligned


with the arrive of the next component, if the
Against Flow button is selected.

If the checkbox is unchecked then the component


will not be aligned.

(With Flow)

3.17.1.4 Auto Create/Select Adjacent Out of Spec/Skip Connected Comps


Checking these checkboxes will determine whether the corresponding
checkboxes on the Select tab of the Piping Component Editor form will
be checked by default.

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3.17.2

Piping Settings Form Selection

The Selection section mainly handles the default behaviour that is


encountered when using the Select and Reselect tabs on the Piping
Component Editor form.

3.17.2.1 Descriptions

The Descriptions options list sets the format of the component descriptions
that are shown on both the Select and Reselect tabs of the Piping
Component Editor form.

3.17.2.2 Tag Component


This is used to toggle the component type tag shown in the 3D View when using the Piping Component
Editor form.

3.17.2.3 Tag Constraints

This is used to toggle the highlighting of components which could result


in connectivity problems if an adjacent component is changed. In the
illustration changing the size of the valve might affect the elbow and the
downstream flange which has an RLOCK set to 0.

To illustrate this setting the Ignore Positioned checkbox has been


unchecked to add the highlighting to the downstream flange, see
section 3.17.2.6.

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3.17.2.4 Auto Reconnect


This is used to toggle the automatic reconnection function for the reselected component. When the
checkbox is checked the system will automatically attempt to re-establish the connections to the adjacent
components when the component is selected from the form. If it is unchecked the Reconnection button will
have to be used once the component has been selected.

3.17.2.5 Reconnect Free Ends


This is used to toggle whether the connectivity of the pipe head/tail should be re-established if it becomes
disconnected as a result of component reselection.

3.17.2.6 Ignore Positioned


It is possible to set the RLOCK attribute of a component to 0 in order to maintain its position. RLOCK is the
attribute for the branch members creation status used by Router, see TM-1850 AVEVA Everything3D Pipe
Router. Checking this checkbox will reposition the components irrespective of the RLOCK value. With the
checkbox unchecked the reselection process is still possible, but the components with an RLOCK value of 0
will not be repositioned.

3.17.3

Piping Settings Form - Display

The Display sets the default orientation of the Direction Tool that is present
on the Modify tab of the Piping Component Editor form.

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CHAPTER 4
4 Using the Model Editor
So far in this guide the positioning of the components has been handled using Piping Component Editor
form. However this can also be carried using the Model Editor, which also has the capability to create the
initial route of the branch using the Quick Pipe Router functionality.

4.1

General Use of the Model Editor

If a pipe, branch or component, (singular or multiple) needs modification i.e. moving, this can be done by
using the Model Editor functionality.
The Model Editor can be invoked in the following ways:-

In the Common group click the Model Editor button.

Use the right click menu on the element to be moved and


select Model Editing.

Double click on the element to be moved.

When active the Model Editor handle can be seen in the 3D View.

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The functionality relating to this will be shown in greater details


later in this chapter.

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4.1.1

Setting the Increment Values for Model Editor


The Model Editor uses incremental settings to determine the
values obtained when dragging the various handles. On the 3D
View tab, in the Model Editor group click the Set Increments
button to display the Set Increments form.

The Set Increments form has three text boxes:

Linear Increment

Fine Linear Increment

Angular Increment

The Linear increment is specified in the currently active units. The Linear increment controls the delta
value used when dragging a graphical selection using a linear or planar handle. The default step size is
50mm, (or 2 inches).
The Fine linear increment has the same function as the linear increment, but with a default step size in
5mm. After the selection has been dragged into an approximate position, fine 'nudges' are achieved by
using the '2' and '8' numeric keypad keys or the arrow keys with the mouse button held down
The Angular increment controls the value used when dragging a graphical selection using a rotation
handle. The default angular increment is 5 degrees

Change the value of the Fine linear increment to 1mm as


shown and click the Apply button.

Selecting the pipe modification handle and clicking the arrows on the keyboard will move the selection 1mm
at a time.
Fine linear increment

Angular increment

The dimension may differ to that shown in the screen shot.

When the Model Editor is active a graphical aid indicates the direction of flow within the branch.

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4.1.2

Moving Inline Components

This section will introduce the use of the Enter Offset and Enter Distance From functions using PIPE /100B-8 as an example. Inline components can be distinguished by the fact they are held within the constraints
of the implied tube. Consequently the appearance of the Model Editor handles is slightly different. These
handles are known as the Pipe Editing handles and limit the movement of the selection to the axes of the
branch leg.
Positioning the cursor over the Pipe Editing handle in the North axis
and select Enter Offset from the right mouse button menu to display
the Constrained Move form. Enter the Offset value of 200mm and
click the Preview button, if the preview is acceptable then click the
OK button.

Alternatively, move the cursor over the Pipe Editing handle in the North axis and select Enter Distance
From > Leave /Origin /Direction Change. from the right mouse button menu. The Distance from
Leave/Origin/Direction Change form appears showing the current distance, key in the distance from value
required. Once again the Preview and OK buttons can be used as before.

If the opposite direction, (South), Pipe Editing handle is selected, the


menu will change to Enter Distance From > Arrive / Origin /
Direction Change

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It should be clear that the options are context sensitive, for


instance the Direction Change option will be replaced by
Branch Head / Branch Tail depending upon the
configuration of the branch.

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4.1.2.1 Distance Feedback


The numerical value that is displayed in the 3D View when using the Model Editor is known as the
Distance Feedback. By default the value is set to the Arrive or Leave of the selection depending upon
which Pipe Editing handle is selected. This can also be changed from the right click menu while on the
Pipe Editing handle and selecting Distance Feedback > From Arrive / From Leave / From Origin / From
Direction Change / From Branch Head / From Branch Tail / From Current Position.
To cycle through the different Distance Feedback options available press the D hot key.

As already mentioned the options that are available


are dependent upon the configuration of the branch
and will change to suit. This is indicated using PIPE
/150-A-57 created previously.

The From Current Position option will initially display a value of 0, but can be used in conjunction with the
drag functionality to offset the selection by a delta value, in this case 100mm as seen functions using PIPE
/100-B-8 as an example.

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The Model Editor handles will be the same for


valves, flanges, reducers etc. A tee component
can be moved the same way unless it is
connected at the P3 connection.

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4.1.3

Move Handle

To aid manipulation of the graphical selection it is also possible to change to position of the handles. In the
previous section the Pipe Editing handles were in the correct position prior to moving the fitting. There are
frequently times when this need to be changed before any move can be carried out. To change the position
of the handles move the cursor over a Pipe Editing handle and from the right click menu select Move
Handle > Opposite End of Selection or End of Selection depending upon the handle selected.
This can best be demonstrated on a group of components. The Pipe Editing handles will initially be
positioned at the centre of the selection as already seen. Positioning the cursor over the Pipe Editing
handle in the South axis select Move Handle > End of Selection from the right mouse button menu. The
Pipe Editing handles will be repositioned to the corresponding end of the selection.

Using the same Pipe Editing handle select Move Handle > Opposite End of Selection from the right
mouse button menu. The Pipe Editing handles will be repositioned to the other end of the selection.

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4.1.4

Moving Inline Components into another Leg of the Branch

Inline components that have not been connected to another branch can be moved into another leg of the
pipeline providing it is within the same branch.
Feature Highlighting has to be inactive to move the component to other legs in the branch .Press the F key
to toggle this on/off.
The current status of Feature Highlighting can also be
checked from the Model Editor group of the 3D View
tab.
The Pipe Editing handle can then be used to drag the components into the other leg of the branch.

If at any point during the use of the Model Editor the operation needs to be cancelled the Esc key can
be used to return the graphical selection back to its original position.

4.1.5

Rotating a Component Using the Pipe Editing Handle

With the Model Editor active on the inline component drag the Rotational handle to the required angle. The
delta value for the current rotation and the resulting direction can be seen in the 3D View.

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4.1.6

Orientate a Component to a Point

With the Model Editor active on the inline component select Orient To Point from the right click menu.
Move the cursor over the P-points of the other components, when the orientation is correct select the P-point
to fix the rotation the Rotational handle to the required angle. The delta value for the current rotation and
the resulting direction can be seen in the 3D View.

4.1.7

Align a Component with a Direction

With the Model Editor active on the inline component select Align with Direction from the right click menu.
Move the cursor over the P-points of the other components, the directional plane will be highlighted and the
component will be aligned, when the alignment is correct select the P-point to fix the rotation.

4.1.8

Align with a Direction Relative to Axis

With the Model Editor active on the inline component select Align with from the right click menu .The Enter
Direction For Z Axis form appears, enter E 45 U and then click the Preview button. If the preview is correct
then click the OK button, if not enter another direction and repeat process.

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4.1.9

Rotate by Entering a Value

With the Model Editor active on the inline component select Enter Value from the right click menu. The
Rotate Selection About X form appears. Enter the rotational value required, in this case 180 and then click
the Preview button. If the preview is correct then click the OK button, if not enter another value and repeat
process.

These are absolute angles taken from the starting position i.e. entering 0 degrees at any time will
return the valve to its original position.

4.1.10

Move an Elbow / Bend in One Direction

As the cursor is moved over the Model Editor handles, the axis line is highlighted. Move the cursor over the
required axis for the direction the component needs to be moved, from the right click menu select Enter
Value. The Move Selection form now appears, key in the move value in this case 300mm and click the
Preview button. If the preview is correct then click OK.

The component could have been dragged to this position providing the Linear Increment setting is set
accordingly.

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4.1.11

Move an Elbow / Bend in Two Directions

Move the cursor over the square forming a plane for the axes i.e. XZ, YZ, and XY on the Model Editor
handles.
The axes lines are highlighted. From the right click menu select Enter Value. The Move Selection form
now appears, key in the values, in this case key in 500mm, 300mm and click the Preview button. If the
preview is correct then click OK.

Once again this could have been achieved by dragging providing the Linear Increment setting is set
accordingly.

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4.1.12

Move Using Align with Feature

Move the cursor over the required axis, from the right click menu select Align with Feature. A directional
arrow appears, move the cursor over another P-point that the component needs to be aligned with. When
the correct P-point is identified, select it and the elbow will be aligned with the P-point.

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If the cursor was moved over the two lines


forming a plane for the axes i.e. XZ, YZ, and
XY, then the component will be aligned through
two directions.

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The following steps outlining additional Align with Feature modes requires insulation to be applied to PIPE
/150-A-57.

See Appendix C.1 Adding / Controlling insulation.

When using other features of the model


to align the pipe components it is
possible to take in to consideration the
outside diameter of the tube and any
insulation that has been applied. As
shown here for PIPE /150-A-57 and
FRMW ROW_7 of STRU /PIPERACK.

The tube and elbow have been


selected prior to the change in
elevation.

Picking an edge of the steel work as


the feature will provide five possible
results.

If the handle is dragged the O hot


key can be used to cycle through
these results

Through Linear Edge


The centerline of the tube
is positioned at the top
edge of the steel.

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Tube Clearance 0mm in


front of Linear Edge
The underside of the tube
is positioned on top of the
steel.

Tube Clearance 0mm behind


Linear Edge The top of the
tube is positioned level with the
top of the steel.

Insulation Clearance 0mm in


front of Linear Edge The
underside of the insulation is
positioned on top of the steel.

Insulation Clearance 0mm


behind Linear Edge The top
of the insulation is positioned
level with the top of the steel.

These allowances for the tube outside diameter and insulation are also applicable when using the
Quick Pipe Router, see section 4.2.

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4.1.13

Move Using Offset From Feature

Move the cursor over the required axis and from the right click menu select Offset From Feature. The
Offset From Feature form appears, enter the offset value in relation to the direction of the axis selected, in
this case -500mm and click the OK button. Move the cursor over the P-point that the component needs to
be offset from. When P-point is selected the component will be offset by the value entered on the form. As
shown here for PIPE /100-B-8.

The Offset From Feature can also be used to allow for the tube outside diameter and any insulation as
shown previously. Shown here for PIPE /150-A-57.

The offset value enterred can be set against the


centreline of the tube, the outside diamter or the
insulation.

The result of the Offset From Feature function is dependent upon the initial direction of the handle
selected. In the above instance the Model Editor handle had been orientated so that the axis direction
of the handle selected was Up.

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4.1.14

Move Using Snap to Point

Holding the cursor over the Model Editor handle and from the right click menu select Snap to Point.
Move the cursor over the P-Point to snap to, the P-Point will be displayed and the part will be displayed in its
new position. If the position is correct indicate the P-point.

4.1.15

Change Length using Model Editor

Using the Model Editor handles it is possible to move a section of a branch and at the same time change
the lengths of the connected legs to suit.

Selecting the implied tube in the leg of the branch will also
highlight the relevant components. In this case the Ctrl
button has been used to also capture the leg the branch in
the East/West axis.

Selecting the axis to modify the length and dragging the handle to the required position will also adjust the
adjacent legs.

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4.1.16

Moving Single / Multiple Pipes using Model Editor

It is possible to move a single pipeline or multiple pipelines using the Model Editor by selecting them from
the 3D View. This is done either by fencing the items by holding down the left mouse button and trapping
everything inside a window or by holding down the Ctrl key on the keyboard and indicating each item.

Select the handle that the direction the pipes


are to be moved in and drag the handle to
the required position.

Care must be taken when using the


fencing in approach on a 3D View that
contains numerous elements. It may be
advisable to create a new 3D View
containing only those elements to be
moved.

The Rotational handles are also active to


allow the rotation of the pipe if required.

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4.2

Quick Pipe Router

The Quick Pipe Router can be considered to be a mode of the Model Editor. The mode is activated by
clicking the dotted line of an incomplete route whilst the Model Editor is also active.
The Quick Pipe Router handle has three representations:

Extend Route handle - This is used to extend the route in the direction indicated by the handle.

Cardinal Direction handles - These are used to change the direction of the routing to one of the
cardinal directions from the current frame of reference.

Rotational handles - These allow the extended route handle to be interactively directed.

The Quick Pipe Router handle is used to define a routing vector within the constraints of the currently
selected badly defined route. A badly defined route is defined in general terms as follows

There is a misalignment between two components

The head or tail of a branch is incomplete, i.e. where the head/tail attributes are left in their default
state

The head/tail is positioned but not connected and the head/tail connection type is unset.

This usually equates to the dotted line representation of the implied tube, where the implied tube cannot be
drawn. An exception to the above could be where a pipe branch does not have specification reference set.
The handle can be dragged by using either primary or secondary mouse buttons. By default the handle will
move in multiples of the currently defined linear increments. If the secondary mouse button is clicked as the
cursor is over the pipe routing handle a context sensitive menu will appear. The menu will display the
available options which relate to the drag.

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4.3

Extend Route Handle Menus

The following options are available on the Extend Route handle before a drag.

See Appendix B for a full description of each option.

The appearance of these options changes if the pipe has a Slope Ref set, see chapter 5

4.4

Rotational Handle Menus

The following are additional options available on the Rotational Handle before a drag.

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See Appendix B for a full description of each


option.

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4.5

Fitting to Fitting Functionality

The Quick Pipe Router has fitting to fitting functionality that provides the visual feedback to determine
whether there is enough space for an elbow or bend.
Dragging the Extend Route handle will display the Distance Feedback value and fitting to fitting information
in the 3D View. This displays how the current drag value relates to the elbow/bend dimension.

The initial drag of the handle will display the selected


Distance Feedback value followed by One fitting. This
will be the case until the length of tube is great enough
to accommodate the elbow/bend.

Releasing the mouse button at this stage will


automatically increase the leg length to allow for a 90
degree elbow/bend.

Dragging the handle beyond the centre to face


dimension of the elbow/bend will display the resultant
tube length.

In all cases it is assumed that the next elbow/bend


will be 90 degrees. However the values are
correctly calculated to allow for an alternative
angle from the previous component.

The elbow/bend will not have the correct representation until the subsequent direction has been determined.

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The subsequent drag will once again indicate the resulting length of tube between the two fittings.

If the elbow/bend is to be connected directly to the existing component it is not necessary to drag the handle
in the leave/arrive direction of the previous/next component. Instead the required direction axis can be
selected immediately making the procedure more efficient.

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4.6

Quick Pipe Routing Using Elbows (Worked Example)

The Quick Pipe Router will allow the definition of the pipe route wherever there is a badly defined route
within a branch, i.e. where the dotted pipe frame is displayed instead of implied tube.

Iso2 View

Create Pipe /150-B-6 and Branch /150-B-6/B1 below ZONE ZONEPIPING-AREA01 using the following information:

Primary System

Process System B

Specification

A3B

Bore

150mm

Connect the head to C1101/N5 and the tail to E1302B/N1.


Add weld neck flanges to the head and tail.

Indicate the dotted pipe frame line and click the Common >
Model Editor button. Alternatively double click the dotted
line. The Quick Pipe Router handle will now appear at the
leave of the component.

Select the Extend Route handle and from the right click menu
select Component Choice > Use Elbows.

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Drag the Extend Route Handle


1100mm in the East direction.

This will create an elbow connected


directly to the flange and a blob to
represent a second elbow.

Drag the Extend Route handle 500mm in the Down direction to complete the elbow.

To switch the Quick Pipe Router handle to


the arrive of the flange at the tail, click the
single handle at this connection.

Drag the Extend Route handle 800mm in the


West direction to create two elbows as shown.

Enter the feature highlighting mode by


pressing the F key on the keyboard or on the
3D View tab, in the Model Editor group check
the Feature Highlighting checkbox.

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Right click on the North direction Extend Route handle and with the button
held down, drag the cursor towards the handle at elbows previously created
at the head of the branch. A proposed route for completion will be displayed
translucently.
Release the right mouse button and select Complete from the context
sensitive menu that appears.

The elbows and implied tube are added to


complete the route.

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The elbows that have been added


automatically can later be changed to a bend
or an alternative elbow.

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4.7

Pipe Routing Using Bends

Typically pulled bends are used on smaller bore pipe routes in the Plant industry. If bends are to be used
instead of elbows the bend radius applied must obtained from either the specification, as is the case for
A1A, or from a pipe fabrication machine.

4.7.1

Bends via Pipe Fabrication Machine

If a pipe fabrication machine is to be used the zone, pipe or branch must have the BendMacReference
attribute set. The BendMacReference must point to a valid Fabrication Machine World (FMWL), Fabrication
Machine Group (FMGRP) or Fabrication Machine (FMBEND).

By default the FMWL and its members are not shown in the Model
Explorer. On the Projects tab, select Options > System followed by the
Explorer Settings button to display the Explorer Settings form.
Unchecking the Hide non-user System Data checkbox and clicking the
Apply button will display additional elements, including the FMWL Click the
OK button to close the form.

In the Training project there is a single Fabrication Machine World,


Fab_Machines which owns two Fabrication Machine Groups, Bending_5D
and Bending_3D. These in turn own two bending machines each. This
arrangement can be customised to suit the customers requirements. For
instance there may be more than one FMWL or FMGRP to allow for
different locations of the bending machines, i.e. different fabrication shops.
In order for the pipe to be bent on the bending machine the comptype attribute on the variable angle /
variable radius bend must be set to VAR in Paragon. There are several criteria that can be checked to
ensure the pipe can be bent, outside diameter, wall thickness and material reference. However it is not
essential for wall thickness and material reference to be allowed for if they are not required. This allows a
flexible approach to the set up.
If either the FMWL or FMGRP is assigned as the BendMacReference, the system will apply the radius of the
first bending machine with the correct criteria in the hierarchy. For example, using the hierarchy shown, if the
FMWL is assigned then the system will attempt to add 5D bends. In order to achieve a 3D bend either the
FMGRP or FMBEND that owns the 3D data must be assigned. For this reason the structure of the FMWL
should be carefully considered.

At this stage in the work flow the only aim is to create a bend with the correct radius that can be bent
later. The assignment of the actual bending machine that will perform the task is carried out later, see
Chapter 15 Production Checks.

There is no default bend radius available for Quick Pipe Router. Dragging the handle when there is no
bend radius available will display Fitting size undefined on the 3D View. This will result in a zero radius
bend being created, indicating that some administrative work is required for this tube or specification.

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4.8

Pipe Routing Using Bends via Pipe Fabrication Machine (Worked Example)

Create Pipe /40-B-10 and Branch /40-B-10/B1 below ZONE /ZONE-PIPING-AREA01 using the following
information:

Primary System
System B

Process

Specification

A3B

Bore

40mm

Head Details:

Connection Type = Open End

Direction = E

Position:

W 312700

N 300800

U 102135

Tail Details:

Connection Type = Open End

Direction = W

Position:

W 303000

N 309080

U 105000 (This is an arbitrary value


which will be updated according to
the route obtained).

From the Model Explorer right click on the pipe and select Attributes The Attributes of /40-B-10 form
will appear. Set the BendMacReference attribute by entering /Bending_3D. As explained previously this is
the name of the Fabrication Machine Group (FMGRP).

Setting the BendMacReference attribute to the Fabrication Machine Group will result in the first
suitable bending machine in the hierarchy to be used, in this case FMBEND 3_NB_MACH.

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Right click on the Extend Route handle pointing
in E direction and select Component Choice >
Use Bends from the menu.

Double click on the dotted of the branch to invoke the


Quick Pipe Router.

Using the Extend Route handle at the head drag


the cursor to achieve the dimensions shown.

Add SCTN 4 belonging to FRMW /ROW_5 owned by STRU /PIPERACK


from SITE /SITE-STRUCTURAL-AREA01 to the 3D View.
Once again the existing features can be used as a reference in order to
determine the dimensions of the pipe route. Using the axis handle select
Offset From Feature from the right click menu. The Offset From
Feature form appears, enter a value of -500mm and click the OK button.

This value will be applied to any subsequent drags until an alternative


function is selected or Model Editor is de-activated.

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Place the cursor over the underside of SCTN 4


and select the aid labelled Tube clearance
500mm from Linear Edge.

Using the North axis handle select Extend


Through Feature from the right click menu.

This is necessary because the previous


Offset From Feature function will result in
the offset value being applied to any features
indicated when dragging the handle.

Indicate the handle at the tail.

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Ensure Feature Highlighting mode is on, (press


the F key to toggle). Using the left mouse button
drag the Up axis handle over the top of SCTN 4
and select the aid labelled Tube clearance 0mm
behind Linear Edge to place the underside of the
tube on top of the steel. The O hotkey can be used
to cycle through the possible results with Feature
Highlighting active.

The dragging method with Feature


Highlighting active achieves the same result
as the Extend Through Feature from the
right click menu.

Click the Modify > Pipe button to display the Pipe


Editor: Modify Pipe form. This will add the aids
for the head and tail to the 3D View.

Using the East axis handle select Extend


Through Feature from the right click menu.

Indicate the aid at the tail to obtain the correct East


position.

The route will now be complete with the exception


that there are too many bends present and the tail
position is incorrect.

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Select the Branch Tail tab on the Pipe Editor:


Modify Pipe form. Click the Connect To Last
Member button and deactivate the Model Editor
by clicking on the background in the 3D View.

This will position the tail correctly and remove


the additional unwanted bend.

4.9

Adding Bends Using the Form

Bends can be added in the same fashion as elbows using the Piping Component Editor form and then
manipulated using the Modify tab, but clearly this is not as efficient as using the Quick Pipe Router.

From the Standard Component section click the Bend


button.

The form changes to show the available bends.


The Radius option from the Bend Information section
defaults to Machine and the value is greyed out preventing
modification.
The priority is to check the zone, pipe or branch element for
a Fabrication Machine i.e. that the BendMacReference
attribute is set to a valid Fabrication Machine World, Group
or Machine.
The hierarchy is searched below the BendMacReference to
find an appropriate tube outside diameter.

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If no matching dimensions are found the radius cannot


be set, requiring the radius to be set by the user.

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4.10

Changing to Alternative Fabrication Machine Bend (Worked Example)

If the bend radius needs to be changed for design reasons, then the BendMacReference attribute for the
zone, pipe or branch can be changed to another Fabrication Machine World (FMWL), Group (FMGRP) or
Machine (FMBEND)
Navigate to the BRAN 40-B-10-B1 and set the BendMacReference attribute for the branch to the 5D
FMGRP, /Bending_5D using the Attributes form.

Navigate to BEND1 via the Model Explorer or Component


Sequence List.

From the Reselect tab of the Piping Component Editor


form click the BEND #S entry in the list.

A Question form appears, enquiring Bend Radius is


114.3mm - Do You want to change the Bend Radius to
190.5mm - Machine Defined click the Yes button

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The bend radius is changed to suit the new


fabrication machine settings. This process could be
repeated for all the required bends and elbows
within the branch.

4.11

Fabrication Machine Bends General Information

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For the Fabrication Machine to work, the catalogue


component (SCOM) for the bend needs to have the
CompType attribute set to VAR.

The actual radius of a bend can be determined from the


Attributes form.

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4.12

Replacing Bends with Mitre Bends from an Alternative Piping Specification

Mitred bends are sometimes used on large bore, low pressure systems. The pipe specification /A150
referenced by the Training project has been supplied with mitred bends.

4.12.1

Fixed Cut Mitred Bends

Navigate to the BEND1 belonging to branch 40-B10/B1 via the Model Explorer or Component
Sequence List.

From the Piping Component Editor form select the


Reselect tab followed by the A150 spec from the
options list.
From the Reselect tab the list of available bends is
displayed including VAR ANGLE VAR RADIUS x CUT
MITRE BEND, select the required mitred bend, the
changes can be seen in the 3D View.

1 Cut Mitre

2 Cut Mitre

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The appearance of the Mitred bends is also


influenced by the bend radius that is used. In the
illustrations below a 5D radius used.

4 Cut Mitre

119

6 Cut Mitre

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4.12.2

Variable Cut Mitre bends

Variable cut mitred bends allow the specification of the number of cuts required. When a VAR ANGLE VAR
RADIUS VAR CUT MITRE BEND is selected, the number of cuts (Ncuts) needs to be specified using
Modify Attributes form.

From the Reselect tab of the Piping Component Editor form


select the VAR ANGLE VAR RADIUS VAR CUT MITRE
BEND. The bend will now look like a normal radius bend in the
3D View.

With the bend selected in the Model Explorer click the right mouse button and select Attributes from the
menu. From the Attributes form that appears edit the Ncuts attribute by entering 10.

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The Ncuts attribute is only used if the bend catalogue


parameter number 4 is set to -1in Paragon.

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Exercise 3 Quick Pipe Router /100-C-13


Add STRU /PIPERACK belonging to SITE /SITE-STRUCTURAL-AREA01 and EQUI /1301 belonging to
SITE /SITE-EQUIPMENT-AREA01 to the 3D View. Create Pipe /100-C-13 below ZONE /ZONE-PIPINGAREA01 using the following information:

Primary System

Process System C

Specification

F1C

Bore

100mm

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Head Details:

Connected to E1301/NS1

Tail Details:-

121

Connection Type = Open

Direction = W

Position:

W 303000

N 308280

U 105000 (This is an
arbitrary value which will be
updated according to the
route obtained).

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Use Quick Pipe Router with elbows to complete


the route ensuring that the horizontal legs are
resting on the pipe rack as shown.
Complete the tail position using the Connect To
Last Member button.

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CHAPTER 5
5 Sloping Pipes
The previous chapters involved only orthogonal pipelines, that is, all lengths of tube were either horizontal or
vertical. In practice, it is a requirement to include lengths of tube, which slope at angles between
components. This chapter describes how to position and manipulate sloping pipework.
There are two ways of handling this scenario:

True Representation all components are accurately modelled to reflect the requirements. This often
requires the inclusion of bends, elbows or mitres with relatively small angles. There is no assumption
that the primary fittings will be ground or the weld gaps modified to create the angles for slope. This
method will not be detailed here as it simply a case of adding the required fittings as already explained
in this guide.

Variable Angle P-Point Method this requires the setting of an angular tolerance on certain P-Points
which can then be used to allow for a certain amount of angular misalignment. This has the benefit of
being more intelligent, not requiring any additional components and will work in conjunction with Quick
Pipe Routing. It assumes that the primary fittings will be ground or the weld gaps modified to create
angles for the slope. This method will also be detailed in the sections that follow.

5.1

Overview of Variable Angle P-Point Method


In AVEVA E3D 90 degree
elbows/bends are capable of
having a variable angle. They
are not fixed at 90 degrees.
Variable angle elbows/bends
can be directed to the angle of
the slope.

In the example a tee has been


added to the falling leg to
demonstrate how an offset
would be introduced. This
offset can be removed in
AVEVA E3D using the variable
angle P-Point methods.

The following illustration shows how the correction can be applied to reduce the offset. The P1 and P2 of the
tee are aligned with the main branch. The P3 of the tee can be a variable angle P-Point.
Closer inspection reveals the
existence of the offset.

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5.2

Variable Angle P-Points

This allows a default slope to be set for a pipe via the Pipe Editor: Create Pipe form. This is known as the
Slope Ref (SLOREF). Slope References are created and named in the Paragon module within AVEVA E3D.
Each Slope Ref is determined by the Slope Element (SLOELE).

The SLOREF attribute is present on PIPE, BRAN and SPEC elements.

The Slope Element has four values that need to be considered:

Default Slope

- this is the optimum angle for the slope.

Minimum Slope

- the minimum slope below which the fluid will not drain.

Maximum Slope
the pipe.

- the maximum slope above which the fluids drains too quickly, leaving the solids in

Minimum Vertical Slope the minimum vertical slope beyond which both fluids and solids will drain.

These can best be explained by the following illustrations:-

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If the Slope Ref is set against a pipe it will be


checked during Data Consistency Checks and
prior to Productions Checks. See Chapter 12 Data
Consistency Checks for further details.

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5.2.1

Setting the Nominal Direction on a Component


To allow for the instances of misalignment
between the sloping and non-sloping
components an OFFTOL attribute has been
added to the P3 of the tees and P2 of the
flanges. In effect creating a tolerance cone
within which the misalignment is acceptable.
To compliment this, a Nominal Direction
(NOMDIR) gives the exact direction when the
components are connected.

Attempting to use Quick Pipe Router on


a pipe which has a Slope Ref. set from a
component that does not have NOMDIR
attribute set will result in an elbow/bend
being placed at the P2 of the flange or P3
of the tee.

To overcome this, navigate to the flange or tee and from the Modify
group click the Slope Component button to display the Slope form.

A Slope Ref. must be set on the owning branch in order to open


the Slope form.

The Slope form indicates the current direction of the


component. The lower section of the form shows how the
slope is determined. This is either Use Form Values,
which allows a Fall value to be entered, or Use Branch
Slope. The slope is specified as both a ratio and angle
and can be set as either slope Up or Down.
Setting the required values and clicking the Slope button
on the form will set a New Direction. Click the Apply
button to set the NOMDIR for the component.

The nominal direction of the flange or tee can be


queried by using Q NOMDIR from the Command
Window.

The subsequent use of the Quick Pipe Router will


no longer result in an additional elbow/bend
appearing.

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5.2.2

Variable Angle P-Points with Quick Pipe Router

One of the advantages of using the Variable Angle P-Points is that it can be used in conjunction with the
Quick Pipe Router. The right click menu contains additional sloping pipe options that can be used for
branches which have the SLOREF attribute set.

No Slope Ignores the SLOREF value to maintain a


horizontal route.

Default Slope Up/Down Applies the SLOREF value


when dragging the handles and determines whether there is
a fall or rise in relation to the direction from head to tail.

Slope Angle - Opens the Set Slope Angle form that


allows the setting of an alternative angle.

The value entered must be within the Minimum and


Maximum slope angle range set against the SLOELE in
Paragon. Entering a value outside this range will result in
an Error form being presented.

Once the Default Slope Up/Down has been set the slope can be applied to the pipe by dragging the Quick
Pipe Router handles.
The information provided during the dragging can be set via the right click menu selecting Distance
Feedback > Show Orthogonal Length or Show True Length. These are additional to, and can be used in
conjunction with, the other Offset, Leg Length and From Origin options already discussed.

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When using other elements in the model to refer to, either by dragging with the Feature Highlighting active
or when using the Extend Through Feature function from the right click menu, there are three possible
solutions for the position when the pipe is sloping. These can be cycled through with the use of the P key.
Vertical Solution - a position normal to the
highlighted feature in a vertical plane

Closest Point - a position normal to the axis of the


branch through the highlighted feature

Horizontal Solution - a position normal to the highlighted feature in a horizontal plane

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5.3

Creating a Sloping Pipe using Quick Pipe Router (Worked Example)

Create Pipe /100-C-16 below ZONE /ZONE-PIPING-AREA01 using the following information:

Primary System
System C

Process

Specification

F1C

Bore

100mm

Slope Ref

/1in100

Head Details:

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Connected to E1302A/NS2

Tail Details:-

128

Connection Type = Open End

Direction = W

Position:

W 303000

N 307400

U 106300

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Connect a #150 WN flange and gasket at the
head. Activate the Quick Pipe Router and
setting the Component Choice as elbows
create the first leg 1000mm long.
Right click on the East axis handle and select
Default Slope Down.

Drag the East axis handle 1650mm, note that


the leg is also sloping down 16.5mm.

Ensure Feature Highlighting mode is on,


(press the F key to toggle). Using the left
mouse button drag the North direction handle
through the tail.

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The Extend Through Feature option


available from the right click menu will
not apply the slope.

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Route the pipe vertically downwards 650mm.

Click the Modify > Pipe button to display the Pipe Editor: Modify
Pipe form. This will add the aids for the head and tail to the 3D
View.

Ensure Feature Highlighting mode is on, (press the F key to


toggle). Using the left mouse button drag the East axis handle
over the top of the tail to obtain the correct East position. It may be
necessary to use the P key to obtain the desired position.

Select the Branch Tail tab on the Pipe Editor: Modify Pipe form.
Click the Connect Tail to Last Member button and deactivate the
Model Editor by clicking on the background in the 3D View.

5.3.1

Setting the Nominal Direction (Worked Example)

Create Pipe /50-B-10 below ZONE /ZONE-PIPING-AREA01 using the following information:

Primary System
System B

Process

Specification

A3B

Bore

50mm

Slope Ref

/1in50

Head Details:

Connected to C1101/N10

Tail Details:

Use default settings.

Connect a flange and gasket at the head as shown


here in an Iso 2 view.

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Navigate to the flange and click Modify > Slope


Component to display the Slope form.

Select the Use Branch Slope radio button and click the
Slope button to set the New Direction in accordance with
the Slope Ref set on against the branch.

With the New Direction set click the Apply button followed
by the Dismiss button to set the Nominal Direction of the
flange and close the form.

Invoke the Quick Pipe Router by double clicking on the


dotted line. From the South axis handle select Default
Slope Down from the right click menu.

The setting of the Nominal Direction will allow the Quick


Pipe Router to slope the branch away from an orthogonally
orientated component without the need to include an
additional bend/elbow at the leave of the flange.

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5.4

Retrospective Sloping of Pipes

It has already been seen how an orthogonally routed pipe can be manipulated to suit an angle. An improved
method of doing this, which can refer to the Slope Ref., is via the Slope Pipe form.
Navigate to the pipe to be modified, in this illustration it is PIPE /100-C-16 created in a previous worked
example. From the Tools group click the Slope Pipe button.

The Slope Pipe form is displayed


showing a new 3D View of the pipe,
indicating with the use of aids the result
of the proposed slope.

The upper left side of the form allows the setting of


the slope by either referencing the branch slope
directly or by entering a value.
The slope can be defined as a ratio, angle or
percentage and can slope be Up or Down, in
relation to the direction of flow.

The form employs a Forwards and


Backwards mode to determine how
the slope is to be applied. The button
depicts the current mode.
It is also possible to Slope Individual Legs as
opposed to the whole pipe.
The form contains a list of branch legs, indicating
the start, finish, the fall as a result of the proposed
slope and the length. The selected leg is highlighted
in the 3D View on the form.

It is not essential to have the Slope Ref set to be able to use this form.

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The section below the list provides information and


tools to manipulate the selected leg.
The application of the slopes will modify the vertical
legs of the pipe try to obtain the slope. As a result, the
alteration of a vertical leg directly from the form is not
possible. Instead, it is often altered as a consequence
of other legs being modified.
Selecting a leg that is not vertical from the list will
update the area under the list to show the details of the
leg. This allows alteration of the slope or removal
completely by unchecking the Slope Leg check box.
The Anchors section of the form
allows
features/positions of the selected leg to be fixed. By
default head and tail of the branch will always be fixed
and these are depicted as the Start/Finish of the
relevant Leg automatically.

Anchors are added by clicking on the Add Anchor


button. Additional information is then required for the
anchor definition to be complete.

There are four anchor Types available for selection from the options list:

Start The start position of the leg is to be maintained.

Finish The finish position of the leg is to be maintained.

Component The position of a component in relation to another


feature is to be used.

Position A position along the leg is to be used in relation to


another feature.

Setting an anchor at the start of the leg will automatically add an anchor to the
finish of the previous leg and vice versa if the anchor is set at the finish.

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Further consideration needs to be given to additional options that are present visible when the Component
and Position options are employed. They are very similar in application, both requiring the indication of an
element to which the component/leg can be anchored.

In the example a tee has been added to Leg 3 of


BRAN /100-C-16 above SCTN 1 of FRMW /ROW_J
of STRU /PIPERACK.
Selecting Component from the Type options list
changes the form to allow the selection of the
Component to be anchored, in this case TEE 1.

Clicking the Select Element button allows the


selection of the element in the 3D View to be used
as the reference position using the Positioning
Control toolbar.

When using the Slope Pipe form the items to


be anchored to, in this case the STRU
elements, can be added to the 3D View on the
form by dragging and dropping from the Model
Explorer.

Once the element has been selected the Offset text


box is updated. The Point options list allows the
selection of Top, Centre or Bottom, which are in
relation to the selected component, so in this case
the bottom of the tee.

Clicking the Apply button will modify the pipe so that


the component P0 is positioned accordingly.

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Alternatively selecting Position from the Type options list


changes the form to allow the selection of a Distance
along the leg to be anchored.

This can either be entered as value directly in to the


textbox or using the Pick Position button indicate a
feature in the 3D View to determine the position value. A
graphical aid is added to the leg at the specified position
and the form is updated with the value.

The remainder of the form functions in a similar fashion to the Component option. Once the element has
been selected the Point options list and Offset text box can be employed.
Clicking the Apply button will modify the pipe so that the
Position indicated is positioned accordingly. In this case
Distance 10408.55, determined by the section, the
Bottom of the pipe is offset by -85.77mm to rest on the top
of the section.
The anchor points that are specified are only set until the Apply button is clicked. Consequently it is better to
set all anchor points for the whole pipe rather than one leg at a time.

Anchors that have been added can be removed by


selecting them from the list and clicking the Delete Anchor
button.

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If the proposed settings on the form will lead to an


erroneous result a warning symbol will appear in the
Branch Legs list.

To further investigate any errors click the Show


Messages button. The opens the Slope Pipe Messages
form as shown.

This will display the Slope Pipe Messages form as


shown.

When using the Slope Pipe no changes are committed to the database until the Apply button
is clicked. Changes in the calculations that are performed by the form can be reversed or
reinstated using the Undo Calculation and Redo Calculation buttons

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5.5

Retrospective Sloping of Pipes (Worked Example)

Add Pipe /100-C-16 below ZONE /ZONE-PIPING-AREA01 and STRU /PIPERACK belonging to SITE
/SITE-STRUCTURAL-AREA01 to the 3D View.

Navigate to pipe /100-C-16 and click


the Tools > Slope Pipe button.
This pipe is already sloping as a result
of the previous worked example. This
worked example will alter the slope of
a single leg and use the finish point of
the leg as an anchor.

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Check the Slope Individual Legs checkbox and


select Leg 3 from the Branch Legs list.

The slope of this leg needs to be increased, enter a


value of 50 in the Slope (1 in) text box.

It can be seen from the 3D View that this


will cause a clash between Leg 3 and SCTN
1 of FRMW ROW_J. In order to overcome
this, the finish of the leg needs to be
anchored.

With Leg 3 selected click the Add Anchor button.

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Select Finish from the Type options list.

This will add an anchor to the finish of Leg 3 and the


start of Leg 4.

It can be seen from the 3D View that Leg 3


no longer clashes with SCTN 1 of FRMW
ROW_J and the finish position of the leg
has been maintained.
Click the Apply button to complete the
modification followed by the Cancel button
to close the form.

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Exercise 4 Creating Sloping Pipes - /100-C-17


Add STRU /PIPERACK belonging to SITE /SITE-STRUCTURAL-AREA01 to the 3D View. Create Pipe
/100-C-17 below ZONE /ZONE-PIPING-AREA01 using the following information:

Primary System
System C

Process

Specification

F1C

Bore

100mm

Slope Ref

/1in100

Head Details:

Connected to E1302B/NS1

Tail Details:

Connection Type = Open End

Direction = W

Position:

W 303000

N 307600

U 106300 (This is an arbitrary value


which will be updated according to the
route obtained).

The pipe is to be positioned so that it is supported on the STRU /PIPERACK.

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With the Default Slope Down set and Feature Highlighting (F) on, /ELBO 4 can be positioned so that the
sloping tube rest on the TOS using the Quick Pipe Router. When the cursor is positioned over edge of the
steel the aid will appear to select the required clearance. Using the P hotkey will toggle between Linear
Edge and Sloped Linear Edge. Select the aid when labelled Tube Clearance 0mm in front of sloped
Linear Edge.

Repeat the same procedure in order to determine the height for /ELBO 6.

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CHAPTER 6
6 Advanced Positioning Forms
The Modify tab on the Piping Component Editor form has two buttons which provide advanced functions
for positioning head/tail components. They are the Drag Move and Move forms.

Both forms work in a very similar way the only difference being that the Move form is used to move
individual components whilst the Drag Move form applies the drag rules to a constrained network.

If the forms are used at branch head or tail level the Origin option in the Parameters section of the
form will only display Head and Tail as options. This is because at branch level the form is only used to
reposition the head or tail of the branch, this is discussed further later in this chapter.

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6.1

Move Form
Navigate to BEND6 1 of BRAN /40-B-10/B1 to demonstrate the
Move form.
The Move form is used to move the current element in a given
direction. This can be a specified distance in that direction, to a
position relative to another element, or relative to a plane through
a given component.
All of the forms have four common tabs:-

6.1.1

Distance

Through

Clearance

Towards

Distance Tab

The Distance tab allows the movement of the


current element so that its origin or nominated
PPoint moves a distance in a given direction.

The Parameters section of the Move form allows the setting of the
following:

Origin using the options list to select Origin, Arrive or Leave.

Distance

Direction

WRT sets the frame of reference for the direction of movement


With Respect To a specified element.

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The WRT setting can be influenced by the four buttons as explained:WRT Current Element - Direction with respect to itself
WRT Owner - Direction with respect to owner or first ancestor that has an
orientation
WRT World - Direction with respect to the World
Pick WRT Element - Direction with respect to a picked element
For very simple movements the Parameters section of the form can be employed on its own with the Target
section using the Relative To setting of No Target, for example:Before

After

However the Target section of the form provides additional functionality. The Relative To options list
determines how the element is positioned in relation to the target element or position.
In Front / Behind

On Top / Under

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From / Towards

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With the Relative To option set to something other than No Target, the Select options become available.
The setting of this option determines how the remainder of this form will function as shown:-

Selecting the Element option allows the specification of the


element to be referenced either by entering the name or by
clicking the Pick Target Element
button and indicating the
element in the 3D View.

Alternatively, selecting the Position option requires the use of


the Pick Target Position button. This uses the Positioning
Control toolbar to perform an EDG pick to specify the position in
the 3D View.

The resulting position is indicated in the 3D View using an aid


as shown.
In this case SCTN 4 of FRMWORK /ROW_5 has been used.

The remaining options of Next, Tail, Previous, Head and Current


require no additional input.

Checking the Plane Through Target checkbox allows the specification


of the direction of the Plane. The current element is moved so that its
origin moves a given distance in a given direction, where the distance is
measure from intersection of direction of movement and the reference
plane. The reference plane is specified relative to the element or
position nominated in the Select options list.

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6.1.2

Through Tab

The Through tab allows the movement of the


current element in a given direction until it reaches
a point, or is relative to a plane perpendicular to the
direction of movement through another point.

The Parameters section of the form is identical to that detailed for


the Distance tab with the exception that there is no Distance input
text box.
Unlike the Distance tab the Target section must be used to
perform an operation. The Target section of the form is similar to
that detailed for the Distance tab. However there is no Relative To
options list and the Through options list is the same as the Select
version on the Distance tab.

Checking the Plane Through Target checkbox allows the


specification of the direction of the Plane. The current element is
moved so that its origin moves to the intersection of the direction of
movement and the reference plane. The reference plane is
specified relative to the element or position nominated in the
Through options list.

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6.1.3

Clearance Tab

The Clearance tab allows the movement of the element in a


given direction so that its obstruction volume or a Ppoint is a
given clearance from another element. The clearance is
measured in the same direction as the movement.

The Parameters section of the Clearance tab differs slightly in


that the Origin also contains an All option which allows for any
obstruction volumes. The Clearance value can also be
specified.
The remainder of this form works in the same fashion as the
Distance tab.
The illustration below shows how the Clearance tab can be
used in conjunction with the Relative To options.

In Front / Behind

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On Top / Under

6.1.4

From / Towards

Towards Tab

The Towards tab allows the movement of the


element a given distance in a direction specified in
terms of another element.

The Towards tab is much simpler than the previous tabs, but
uses the Parameters and Target sections in an identical
manner.

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6.2

Move Branch
If positioned at the branch level the form changes to Move
Branch. It is identical to the Move form with the exception of the
Origin option in the Parameters section of the form. The only
options available are Head and Tail.

As implied the form is only used to reposition the head or tail of


the branch using the same methods as previously covered on the
Move form.

6.3

Drag Move and Drag Move Branch


The Drag Move and Branch Drag Move forms are identical to
the Move and Move Branch forms except that it applies the
drag rules to a constrained network.
In the previous examples the positioning commands do not
move the connected elements. The construction of the
constrained network depends on the direction of the drag
operation and the type of item to be dragged.

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Refer to the Dragging Equipment and Piping Networks


section of the Model Reference Manual from the Help for
information relating to the boundaries of a constrained
network.

The Drag Move Branch form is displayed at branch level.

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6.4

Advanced Positioning Forms (Worked Example)

Add pipe /100-C-13 to the 3D View as shown

In a preceding exercise ELBO 2 of BRANCH /100-C-13/B1


was positioned using a leg length dimension of 850mm. This
needs to be changed to a West position of 319800.

Navigate to ELBO 2 and click the Advanced Move button


from the Modify tab on the Piping Component Editor form.

On the Move form select the Through tab.


Check the Plane Through Target checkbox, enter a Plane
value of W and select Position from the Through options
list.

On the Positioning Control form click the Explicit Position


button.

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Enter a value for E of -319800 and click the


Apply button.

Click the Apply button on the Move form to


reposition the elbow at the specified West
position.

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Exercise 5 Advanced Positioning Pipe /100-C-13


Pipe /100-C-13 is now incomplete as a result of the previous worked example.

Use the Move form to reposition ELBO 3, ELBO 4 and ELBO5 to correct the pipe.

Suggestions:ELBO 3 could be positioned using the same settings as the worked example and Through Previous.
ELBO 4 could be positioned using the Through tab Direction W, Plane W and Through Previous.
ELBO 5 could be positioned using the Through tab Direction W, Plane W, Through Element and use the
Pick Target Element button to indicate ELBO 4.

There are numerous solutions in order to correct this pipe, including the Model Editor and the other
buttons on the Modify tab, but the Move and Drag Move forms are best employed in order to achieve
an Explicit Position that needs to be entered manually.

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CHAPTER 7
7 Further Concepts
7.1

Copying an Inline Component

A tee is a component that is frequently copied to allow for additional branches to be connected to an existing
branch From the Model Explorer or 3D View select the inline component to copy. For this illustration TEE 1
belonging to BRAN /150-A-57/B1 has been selected. In the Common group select the With Offset option
form the Copy Element options list.

The Copy with Offset form appears and in the 3D View the axes are displayed on the component. Key in
number of copies 1 and the offset against the required direction. In this case, 500mm in the +X direction.

Clicking the Apply button will add the copy to the 3D


View allowing a visual check of the result. A Confirm
form appears, asking Retain created copies? Click
the Yes button.

Clicking No will cancel the copying operation

The inline component is now copied. If no more copies are to be made the Copy with Offset form can be
closed by clicking the Cancel button.

It can be seen that the connection configuration is also copied


from the original component. In this case the leave of the copied
tee will have to be modified to be the P1 of the component.

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7.2

Copying a Branch (Worked Example)

Often it is more efficient to copy a branch that contains similar components rather than create a new one. In
this worked example the valve arrangement at the suction of :PUMP P1502B belonging to BRAN /150-A57/B1 needs to connected to :PUMP P1502A.
Add the relevant elements to the 3D View.
Navigate to BRAN /150-A-57/B1 in the Model
Explorer.

Select Common > Copy Element > With Offset.

The Copy with Offset form appears but the values


required to perform the copy are not known.
Select Common > Measure Distance.

The Measure Distance form and Positioning


Control toolbar are displayed. Select Element and
Snap from the Positioning Control toolbar.

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In the 3D View indicate two identical elements
belonging to the pumps. For example the discharge
nozzles as shown
This will populate the Offset X value field on the
Measure Distance form.

Copy and Paste the value from the Meaure


Distance form into the X textbox of the Copy with
Offset form and click the Apply button.

On the Confirm form click the Yes button to retain


the copy. Followed by the Cancel button on the
Copy with Offset form.

The branch has now been copied and the tail is


positioned at the suction connection of :PUMP
P1502A.

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The same procedure can be used to copy a


pipe that contains branches

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To complete the copying process the branch will need to be modified using the functionality already covered
in this training guide:

Use the Pipe Editor: Modify Pipe form to connect:

the head to TEE 1 belonging to BRAN /150-A-57/B1

the tail to :PUMP P1502A/N1.

Use the Pipe Editor: Modify Pipe form to rename the branch to /150-A-57/B2.

Use the Delete Range function to remove the unwanted tee and elbow.

Use the Modify tab of the Piping Component Editor form or the Model Editor to redirect the
remaining elbow towards the P1 of TEE 1 belonging to BRAN /150-A-57/B1.

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7.3

Deleting a Pipe/Branch

Using the Model Explorer indicate the pipe/branch to be deleted. In the Common group, click the Delete
button.

Alternatively, the pipe/branch can be deleted


directly from the Model Explorer by using the
right click menu and selecting Delete.

The pipe/branch is highlighted in the 3D View and a Confirm form appears, requesting confirmation of the
deletion? Click the Yes button to delete the component, removing it from the Model Explorer and the 3D
View.

If a pipeline/branch has been deleted by mistake and the changes have not yet been saved then
clicking the Undo button will restore the element to the Model Explorer and 3D View.

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CHAPTER 8
8 Pipework Spec/Bore Modification
8.1

Pipework Component Bore and Specification Modification

This utility provides a method for modification of the bore or specifications of one or all of the components in
a pipe or branch. In addition to these modifications, the utility also allows the setting of insulation and tracing
specs. The same Modify Components form is used for modifying both component specification and bore.
To display the Modify Components form; navigate to the required pipe
or one of its branches and in the Modify group select the Pipe or
Branch button from the Spec/Bore options list.

8.1.1

Modify Components Form

The Modify Components form is a multi-function form capable of changing both specifications and bores.
The illustration below show the result of opening the form using pipe /150-A-57

The Modify Components form consists of three tabs, the Component List tab is the main tab which has
the following functions at the top of the form:

CE - allows navigation to another pipe or branch and updates the form accordingly

Select from 3D View allows the selection of a group of components in the 3D View and
highlights them on the Modify Components form.

Insulation Spec checking this will display an additional column on the Modify Components
listing the insulation that is applied to the component.

Tracing Spec - checking this will display an additional column on the Modify Components listing
the insulation that is applied to the component.

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The component list that dominates the remainder of the form has the following columns:

Design Element

These are the components in the selected pipe or branch

Component Description

These description of the component

PBORE1 2 3

The bore at the relevant PPoint of the component

Spec Component

The current specification reference of the component

New Spec Component

The new specification reference of the component

New Component Description

The new description of the component

New PBORE1 2 3

The new bore of the component

The Apply changes to like components checkbox will force any changes that are made to a component to
all instances of the same component in the list. This is very useful when applying changes to numerous
components of the same type without having to ensure that all instances have been selected on the form.

8.1.2

Component Selection

A series of components can be selected graphically by fencing in the components and then clicking the
Select from 3D View button. This accepts the selection and highlights the components in the list of
components.
Components can be added or removed from the selection by holding down the Ctrl/Shift keys and
selecting/deselecting components from the list.

In the Design Element column of the Modify Components form, it can be seen that every component
has a Leave Tube element. This includes elements which do not physically have a leave tube, such as
gaskets, flanged valves etc. This is because AVEVA E3D requires each component to have a LSTU
(Leave Specification Tube) attribute. Although the leave tube for these elements is zero length, they are
still shown on this form to allow the specification to be changed to match the adjoining components.

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8.1.2.1 Modification Options

The options are accessed from the right click menu over
a selected field. In each case the modify option applies
only to the highlighted items.

Modify Specification

- Modifies the specification of the components selected in the list.

Modify Bore

- Modifies the bore of the components selected in the list.

Modify Insulation Spec

- Modifies the insulation specification of the components selected in


the list.

Modify Tracing Spec

- Modifies the tracing specification of the components selected in the


list.

Select Component

- Allows the selection of an equivalent component where the


modification process fails to offer a component complying with the
new specification or bore.

Select All

- Selects all of the components in the list.

Clear New Specifications

- Clears the entries for the Selected or All components in the list
allowing the selection process to be restarted.

Export to Excel

- Allows the contents of the components list to be saved as an Excel


file.

Print Preview

- Presents a print preview of the component list.

8.1.3

Modifying Component Specifications


To modify the specification of a set of components, select the Modify
Specification option from the right click menu. The Select Piping
Spec form is displayed.
The desired specification can be set from the Specification options list.
How the selected specification will be applied is determined from the
Pipe/Branch Reset options list.

Components Only - applies the specification to the selected


components.

Pipe and Branches - applies the specification to the


components selected, the Pipe and all of the owned
Branches.

Branch - applies the specification to the components selected


and all of the owning Branches.

The latter two options will change the PSPEC attribute of the pipe and/or branch to that of the selected
specification accordingly.

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Normally any items which are not in the same spec as the current branch are ignored by this process.
This allows for items such as pipe supports and special components to remain untouched. However if
the Change out of spec components? checkbox is checked, it forces the selection process to look at
all components, regardless of their original specification.

Clicking Apply button on the Select Piping Spec form actions the search process to find equivalent
components in the selected specification. The component list is refreshed to show the new components. At
this point the form only contains a suggestion of what the new components will be and has not made any
changes to the model. Once the search process has been completed the list of components will be
highlighted to indicate the success or failure of the process.

For the highlight colour to be displayed the existing selection must be deactivated by clicking in the list.
A selection summary panel is displayed at the bottom of the form to show
the results of the specification selection process.
When a selection has been made the modification can be performed by
clicking the Apply button. Alternatively the Undo button can be used to
remove the selections that have been made so far.

8.1.4

Error Messages
During the modification of the specification of the components if the
selection process encounters a problem; for example if no selection is
available for an element, an error message is displayed.

The list of components is highlighted to indicate the errors and No selection available is displayed in the
New Spec Component column. These error messages can be checked in more detail via the Error
Messages tab.

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With the Error Messages tab selected, the form lists
the components selected for modification which
produce an error in the selection process. When the
selection process takes place, each selected item is
scanned to find an equivalent in the new
specification. Where an item cannot be found, an
error is indicated with a description in the error list,
as shown in the example.

8.1.5

Highlighting

The purpose of the Highlighting tab is to provide visual feedback regarding the success or failure of the
impending changes. It can be seen that components in the form are highlighted green when a new
component has been successfully selected. Components are highlighted in orange if there is a failure
selecting a new specification.

These colours are the system default colours. These defaults can
be changed by from the Highlighting tab. The form changes to
display the default highlighting colours.
These colours can be changed to the users preferences.
Alternatively, clicking the Off radio button will remove the
highlighting for the selection.

In the example below, the successful selection colour has been changed to cyan.

The Reset to Default button can be clicked to undo the changes to


the highlighting display settings, returning them to the original
default settings

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8.1.6

Choosing a Component

For items where no selection is available, the Select


Component option from the right click menu can be
used to manually choose a component from any of the
specifications.

This displays the Choose Option form as shown:


The Specs tab is selected first to set the new specification, in this
case A3B.

The Components tab is then selected so that an equivalent item


can be chosen from the form, in this case STYP GLOBE. Clicking
OK adds the selected equivalent component to the components list
tab on the Modify Components form. Once the selection is
complete click the Apply button on the Modify Components form
to perform the modification.

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8.1.7

Modifying Component Bore

The nominal bore of the components can be changed


by selecting the Modify Bore option from the right
click menu.

The Select Bore form is displayed with an options list of available bore
sizes. The required bore is selected from the list and clicking OK
populates the component list with the new bore size. Once the selection
is complete click the Apply button on the Modify Components form to
perform the modification.

8.1.8

Modifying Insulation and Tracing Specifications

To show the Insulation and Tracing Specs the Insulation Spec and Tracing
Spec check boxes need to be selected. In this case there is no Tracing on the
visible components so '-' is shown in the list.

To change the insulation or tracing specification, the appropriate


option is chosen from the right click menu.

A list of available specs is available for selection via the options list.
Clicking Apply adds the selected spec to the component list.

Once the selection is complete click the Apply button on the Modify
Components form to perform the modification.

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8.2

Modifying a Specification (Worked Example)

The current specification for pipe /100-B-8 is A3B this will be changed to A1A in this worked example.

Add pipe /100-B-8 to the 3D View and navigate


to the pipe level in the Model Explorer.

Select Modify > Spec/Bore > Pipe.

On the Modify Components form select the


Select All option from the right click menu.

The components will be highlighted and labeled


in the 3D View.
Select the Modify Specification option from
the right click menu.

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On the Select Piping Spec form select A1A and Pipes and
Branches from the Specification and Pipe Branch Reset options
list respectively. Click the Apply button.

The component list is updated, click in the form to view the highlighting.

The gaskets and flanges at the head and tail need to be


changed to suit the #300 connections on the equipment.
Select Gasket 1 from the components list and select Select
Component from the right click menu.

It may be necessary to select the A1A specification from the


Specs tab.
From the CHOOSE OPTION form select the gasket with the
STYP of GA which is the #300 version and click the Apply
button.

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Select Flange 1 from the components list and select


Select Component from the right click menu.

From the CHOOSE OPTION form select the flange with


the STYP of FSO which is the #300 version and click the
Apply button.
Repeat these steps for Gasket 6 and Flange 6 at the tail
of the branch.
The default selection for Flange 3 is #300 this needs to be
changed to STYP of F which is the #150 version.

The summary shows that all of the components have been


specified correctly. Click the Apply button to complete the
modification.

Because the original list of components has been


deselected in order to view the highlighting a Question
form is displayed. Click the Yes button to continue with the
modification.

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Exercise 6 - Modify Specification Pipe /150-A-57

Change the specification of pipe /200-B-4 from A3B to A1A using the
Modify Components form.
Use the Select Component option to ensure that the flange and gasket
at the head and tail are the #300 version to suit the equipment
connections.

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CHAPTER 9
9 Piping Assemblies

Building pipes in AVEVA E3D is often a case of building single


components into a complex arrangement of branches and
components. In the Plant industry there are sometimes fixed
configurations of components which can be reused many times in
a model and these form the basis of assemblies.
An assembly in AVEVA E3D is a series of components and
branches in a predefined configuration which may be copied into
the model many times. Alternatively, an assembly definition may
be created to access existing macros or forms.

9.1

Using Assemblies
Assemblies are accessed from the Piping Component
Editor form in the same way as any other component type.
Click the Assembly button from the Additional Components
tab to display a list of assembly types and subtypes.
The form opens showing a 3D View of the currently selected
assembly belonging to the current Sub-Type. A Sub-Type
may contain numerous assemblies.
Alternative Sub-Types can be selected which allows access to
the members held within. In this case the Samples assembly
area Sub-Type has been selected followed by the Flanged
tee assembly. The 3D View is updated to show the selected
assembly.

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When the selection of assembly has been made, it can be inserted into a straight tube or connected to a
component by clicking the Insert button or Connect buttons respectively.
If the assembly contains directional or multi bore components, additional details will be requested via the
CHOOSE and Input forms during the building process.

The behaviour of these forms is determined during the creation of the assembly. This is covered in
detail in the TM-1868 AVEVA Everything3D Piping Design Administration guide.

Click the Insert button and indicate the implied tube:

Select the offline bore size and direction fro the tee.

Select the weld neck flange which has a connection that is compatible with the tee.

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In this case a new branch has been created but the


branch head is left for completion later. It is also
possible for the assembly to be completed with the
tail at the leave of the flange. This happens
automatically if the offline branch of the assembly
has a connection type of OPEN, CLOS, VENT or
DRAN.
A similar result would be achieved using the
Connect button on the Piping Component Editor
form, but in this case, the tee would be connected to
the previous or next component.

By default, assembly origins are at the arrive point of the first component in the first branch of the assembly.
Certain assemblies need to be positioned using a different position, i.e. a simple assembly consisting of a
flange, gasket and flange may need to be positioned by the face of the first flange. The assembly origin point
is configurable using the Pipe Assembly Manager form. If an origin has been defined, it will automatically
be used to position the assembly. If an assembly is connected to a component then the position is derived
by connecting the first component to the existing one.
As seen in the previous example, there are instances where some user interaction is required during the
creation of the assembly. The most common instances of this are:

Leave Bore of a Reducer The arrive bore can be determined by the bore size at the insertion
point. However there are often numerous possibilities for the leave bore which requires some user
interaction.

Offline Bore of a Tee This is similar to the above, the arrive bore can be determined by the existing
components but there are numerous possibilities for the offline bore of the tee.

Orientation of Directional Components These are components such as elbows, tees and eccentric
reducers which all require some form of directional input in order to orientate the component
correctly.

Determining the Component Stype When the system cannot automatically determine the selection
of the component the selection must be made from the components in the current specification via
the CHOOSE form.

The above issues can often be overcome with the use of rules during the creation of the assembly, but a
simple assembly with no rules would require some form of user interaction.

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CHAPTER 10
10 Splitting and Merging
It is often necessary to split pipes into more than one branch or pipe. This may be to make the isometric
drawing clearer or as a process requirement. Pipes can be split on an existing component, a plane or into
segments of a specified length. Pipe assemblies are inserted at the split points when using the plane or
segments length options.
Conversely the merging functionality can be used to merge pipes or branches into a single element. There
are obviously some restrictions in relation to the original structure of the pipes and branches that need to be
taken in to consideration.

10.1

Pipe Splitting

A pipe may be split into segments within the same branch, new branch or new pipe. Multiple pipes may be
split on a single plane.
In the Tools tab, click the Pipe Splitting button to display
the Split Pipe form.

The Split Pipe form has two tabs:-

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Split/Merge this is the main tab used to set up the


Split and Merge functions.

Assembly this is used to select the assembly that will


be inserted when splitting.

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10.1.1

Splitting Options

The upper section of the form determines how the split function will be performed. The appearance of the
form differs depending on the selection.
There are three radio button options for splitting:

Split Pipes on a Plane - Splits the pipe by inserting an


assembly component at the intersection with a plane.

Split Pipes into Segments - Splits the pipe into


segments of a specific length. The splitting is defined
between two points that are indicated in the 3D View.

Split Pipes by Moving Component - Splits the pipe at


the selected component. The selected component and
all those downstream will then be added to a new pipe
or branch.

The radio buttons below the Move down-stream components to section determine the resulting
configuration of the pipes and branches:

Existing

Components are inserted at the split position in the currently selected branch.

New Pipe -

Components downstream of the split are inserted into a new pipe in the hierarchy.

New Bran -

Components downstream of the split are inserted into a new branch owned by the
current pipe.

10.1.2

Split Pipes on a Plane

10.1.2.1 Branches to Split

When using the Split Pipes on a Plane option the system


allows the collection a group of pipes using the Model
Explorer or 3D View using a variety of methods. These are
added to the Branches to Split list.

Add CE

adds the branches related to the Current Element to the list.

Add Selected -

a number of pipes can be selected in the 3D View by dragging a crossing window


across the required pipes with the cursor. The selected pipes are then added to the
list by clicking the Add Selected button.

ID Selection -

this method is similar to the above. This list can be dynamically updated by picking
any pipe component. To add to the list, click the ID Selection button the branches
can then be indicated in the 3D View. When the selection is complete, the Escape
key is pressed to end selection.

Clear All -

click this button to clear the Branches to Split list.

This section of the form does not need to be populated if it is the intention to use the ID Split function
later in the procedure.

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In this example, the ID Selected button is clicked and the pipe is indicated in the 3D View. Once the
selection is made the Escape button is used to end the selection process.

Individual pipes can be removed by from the Branches to Split list


using the Remove from list option from the right click menu.

10.1.2.2 Plane Definition


The main aim of this section of the form is to determine the
position and direction of the plane. This can be achieved by
entering the relevant position directly in to the text fields
shown.
Alternatively, click the Define Plane link label to allow the
selection of a position in the 3D View in conjunction with the
Positioning Control toolbar. In this case Graphics and
Cursor have been used.

The prompt Pick A Position (Cursor) Snap:


is displayed. In this case the edge of SCTN4
belonging to FRMW ROW_2 owned by STRU
PIPERACK has been indicated.

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The plane can be seen in the 3D View and the positions are transposed on to the form as shown.

By default the plane is shown solid and with the dimensions of 1000mmx1000mm. The appearance and
visibility of the plane can be changed by entering an alternative size and manipulating the Fill and on/off
checkboxes.
The position of the plane can be altered by entering alternative values to those shown or by using the Nudge
arrow buttons on the form to move pane relative to Plane Direction.
In this case the Plane size has been changed to 500mm, the Fill checkbox has been unchecked and plane
has been nudged 300mm in the West direction so that the flanges are clear of the beam.

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10.1.3

Split Pipes into Segments

The Split Pipes into Segments option allows a single branch to be split into segments of a given length
between selected components or selected features that are adjacent to the pipe. This function does not
require the creation of a plane and is not capable of handling multiple branches.
The Split Pipe Length section of the form
determines how lengths are to be used by the
function. Select from the Segment Length or Cutpipe Length options and key in the required value.

The Minimum Final Tube Length restricts the


length of the final tube. If the final tube length is
below this value, the previous spools are adjusted
to make the final length within this value.

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The use of this form is demonstrated in


worked example later in this chapter.

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10.1.4

Split by Moving Component

The Split Pipe by Moving Component option allows a single branch to be split at an indicated component.
This function does not require the creation of a plane and is not capable of handling multiple branches. The
indicated component will be moved to a New Pipe or New Branch, consequently the Existing radio button
is not available.
Clicking the Split button will display a prompt, Pick
a Piping component:

Indicating a component in the 3D View will result in


the component and the downstream elements being
moved to a new pipe or branch.

In this example case it is the valve at the tail of PIPE /100-B-8 that has been indicated. With the New Pipe
radio button selected the results can be seen by referring to the Model Explorer as shown:-

The new pipe or branch will need to be renamed.

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10.1.5

Assembly Tab
The Assembly tab is only relevant when the
function requires the addition of new components,
i.e. the Split Pipes on a Plane and Split Pipes into
Segments options.
The resulting tab is very similar to the Assemblies
that are added via the Piping Component Editor
form. It allows the selection of the assembly that will
be inserted at the various split points.
Alternative assemblies can be selected by clicking
on the Filter Assemblies By options list.

The Assembly build origin options list determines


whether to build the assembly using the primary or
secondary origin, as defined during the assembly
creation.

The primary and secondary origin points allow some control over where the assembly is positioned relative
to the splitting point. One of the most common types of assembly is likely to be a set of break flanges where
the relevant points for positioning the assembly are on either flange face. In this case the primary origin point
would be defined as the leave point (upstream flange face) and the secondary origin would be defined as
being the arrive point (downstream flange face). A representation of the splitting procedure is as shown:

Further information on assembly creation is provided in the TM-1868 - AVEVA Everything3D Piping
Design Administration guide.

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10.1.6

Performing the Split

The Perform Commands section of the Split/Merge tab contains the following context sensitive buttons:

Split -

this is available for all three splitting options and used to invoke the splitting function
once all the settings have been made.

ID Split -

this is only available when using the Split Pipes on a Plane function and allows the
branches to be split to be indicated without populating the Branches to Split list.

Flow -

this adds a flow direction arrow to the 3D View to indicate which side of the split
represents the downstream components.

Undo -

used to undo the previous actions.

Dismiss -

closes the form.

10.1.7

Splitting Pipes on a Plane (Worked Example)

Add the PIPE /100-C-17 and STRU


/EQUIP_SUPPORT to the 3D View.

Click the Tools > Pipe Splitting button to display the Split
Pipe form.

From the Assembly tab, select Samples assembly area and


FLAN GASK FLAN.
Ensure the Assembly build origin is set to Build to Primary
Origin.

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Navigate to an element owned by the branch in the Model Explorer or


3D View.

From the Split/Merge tab ensure the Split Pipes on a Plane


radio button is selected.
From the Move down-stream components to section click
ensure the New Pipe radio button is selected.
Click the Add CE button from the Detail Options section of
the form.

The branch will be added to the Branches to Split list.

From the Plane Definitions section click the Define Plane


link label. Select Element and Snap from the Positioning
Control toolbar.

Indicate the panel at the top of the support.


The plane is added to the 3D View and the
positions are updated on the Split Pipe form.

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In this case the pipes will be split by a flange and gasket arrangement 250mm above the panel.
Enter a value of 250mm in the Nudge textbox and click the
right arrow button.

The plane will now be positioned above the panel as shown.


From the Move downstream components to section click
the Split button.

The intended split positions are


indicated in the 3D View and a
Confirm form is displayed.
Click the Yes button.

In this case the gasket type cannot be determined and


requires a selection from the CHOOSE form. Click the OK
button on the Message form.

Select the gasket with the G stype and click the OK button

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The pipe will be split at the designated position by the selected assembly. This is also reflected by the
creation of a new pipe in the Model Explorer.

10.1.8

Splitting into Segments (Worked Example)


Add PIPE /100-C-13 to the 3D View.
Open the Split Pipe form and from the
Assembly tab select Samples assembly
area and FLAN GASK FLAN.
Ensure the Assembly build origin is set to
Build to Primary Origin.

From the Split/Merge tab, ensure the Split


Pipes into Segments radio button and the
Split By option of Component Picks is
selected.
Select the Existing radio button in the Move
downstream components to section of the
form.
With the Split Pipe Length option set to
Segment Length, the value to 2000mm and
Minimum Final Tube Length to 250mm click
the Split button.

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The Split Pipe Length is defined as the


spool length (Segment Length) or tube
length (Cut-pipe Length) so in this
case, it is the face to face length
between flanges. The tube length
around bends and elbows is calculated
as the centre line length.

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The prompt, Identify start of range selection to
Select: is displayed.

Indicate FLAN 1 of the branch as shown.

The prompt, Identify end of range selection to


Select: is displayed.
Indicate ELBOW 5 of the branch as shown.
Once again the gasket type cannot be determined
and requires a selection from the CHOOSE form.
Click the OK button on the Message form.

Select the gasket with the G


stype and click the OK
button.

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This will need to be


repeated
for
every
instance of the gasket.

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10.2

Merge Pipe / Branch

The Merge branch / pipe function provides the


following functionality:-

10.2.1

Merge two adjacent branches

Merge two adjacent pipes.

Merge Pipe (Worked Example)


Add pipes /100-C-17 and /100-C17-Split(1) to the 3D View. These
are the pipes that were the
subject of the Splitting Pipes on a
Plane worked example.
Open the Split Pipe form.

Click the Merge branch / pipe radio button.


From the Merge Unit section click the One Pipe radio
button.
From the Perform Commands section of the Split Pipe
form click the Merge button.

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The prompt, Pick a Piping component source element:
is displayed. This is the pipe that will be merged. Select PIPE
/100-C-17-Split(1) from the 3D View.
The prompt, Pick a Piping component target element: is
displayed. This is the pipe that will own the merged pipe.
Select PIPE /100-C-17 from the 3D View.

A Confirm form is displayed box asking Do you wish to


delete the Source Pipe? This is because the source pipe is
now empty. Click the Yes button.

The two pipes are now merged in to a single pipe /100-C-17


(the target pipe).

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CHAPTER 11
11 Pipe Penetration and Hole Management
On a typical AVEVA E3D project it is necessary for designers to create holes in panel elements, i.e. deck
plates, grating, walls, floors, etc. Due to the implications on design integrity and cost, the hole creation
process needs to be controlled and managed.
The Piping Designer would not be able to create holes in floor plates or wall panels as these items would
have been created by another design discipline for example the Structural Department. These design items
would be held in another database for which the Piping Designer would only have read access.
A method of requesting, approving or rejecting a hole between disciplines is required; in AVEVA E3D this is
known as Hole Management.
The Piping Designer locates and sizes the hole and then makes a request for the hole to be created, usually
by the Structural designer.

For the purposes of the training we will assume that we are both the Piping Designer and the Structural
Approver so that the full workflow can be discussed.

11.1

Introduction to Hole Management

AVEVA E3D controls and manages holes using the Hole Management application which facilitates:

Communication of hole data between disciplines including the Request and Approval processes.

Ensuring holes are only created by users with appropriate write access permissions.

Performing validation checks on managed holes and providing feedback to users on the hole
status.

Generation of reports for managed holes.

Generally in AVEVA E3D projects discipline Designers do not have write access to items created by other
disciplines. For example, a Piping Designer does not have write access to Structural elements and
Structural Designers do not have write access to Piping elements.
With Hole Management, penetration holes are specified and requested by the penetrating discipline,
normally piping, HVAC, cable or equipment designers. They are approved by the penetrated discipline,
normally structural designers. For cases where a penetration is required for a steel section through a
deck/floor plate, the hole would be specified, requested and approved by the structural discipline.
The specification of a penetration hole by the relevant discipline in the appropriate Model application creates
a virtual hole in the panel element, consisting of a FRMW and two FIXING elements. Each fixing element
has a Specification Reference (Spref) attribute that points to the hole definition in the catalogue. An
Association (ASSOC) element that references all of the hole elements is also created.
Once the virtual hole has been created, the penetrating discipline enters the Hole Management application
and requests the hole. The owner of the panel, normally the Structural discipline, then reviews and approves
(or rejects) the hole request using the mechanism provided by the Hole Management application.
The act of approving the request creates the actual hole as a PFIT owned by the PANE element. The Hole
Management application checks and validates the hole using the association restrictions and stores data on
the hole history and status. Only valid holes may be approved. For a structural penetration the Structural
Designer may be both the requester and approver, although specific company procedures, controlled by
DAC, may be required if the Originator and Reviewer need to be different.

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11.1.1

Request and Approval Workflow

Once the penetration hole has been specified and the virtual hole created, the Hole Management
application provides a series of tasks for the Originator (Penetrating discipline) and Reviewer (Structural
discipline). These tasks are:
Originator Tasks

Reviewer Tasks

Request

Approve

Redundant

Reject

Cancel Request

Agree Redundant

Delete Entry

There are three main workflow scenarios for the request/approval cycle that are detailed in Appendix D.

Additional information relating to the administration of Hole Management can be found in TM-1868
AVEVA Everything3D Project Design Administration.

11.2

Introduction to Non-Penetration Managed Holes

In addition to penetration holes, the Hole Management application enables creation of non-penetration holes
in structural panels. These holes fall into two general categories:

Holes that are required, say, for access to a piece of equipment, a valve or other design item.

Holes that are created by a panel fitting, e.g. a hatch, door, window, etc.

For non-penetration managed holes that are not created by a fitting, with the exception of a User Defined
hole type, the virtual hole is created as a single FIXING in a new FRMW, as described for penetration
holes. This fixing has a Specification Reference (Spref) attribute that points to the hole definition in the
catalogue. An Association (ASSOC) element that references all of the hole elements is also created.
Approving the hole creates a PFIT owned by the PANE.
User Defined hole shapes are created using a template and negative extrusion in a similar way as described
below for Fitting holes.
For non-penetration holes that are created by a panel fitting, the virtual hole is created as a single FIXING
in a new FRMW. The fixing owns a Template (TMPL) element that owns a negative extrusion (NXTR) whose
vertices describe the required hole shape. The fitting is created as a FIXING element owned by the PANE
whose Spref attribute points into the catalogue to the selected fitting. An Association (ASSOC) element that
references all of the hole elements is also created. Approving the hole creates an NXTR owned by the
PANE that is a copy of the virtual hole NXTR.
Non-penetration managed holes, of either type, may be associated with any other element in Model. The
holes have the same request/approval process as penetration holes; however, as they are created solely by
the structural discipline the Structural Designer may be both the requester and approver.

11.3

Use of the Hole Management Application

The Hole Management application, as with other applications that use associations, is passive, i.e. the user
is not alerted if a hole association is broken or invalidated. The user must enter the Hole Management
application and actively verify if the association is still valid.
The use of the application will vary from company to company. In some it may be down to the individual
Designers to request and approve holes, whilst in others it may be the discipline lead Designer, or a
designated user, who performs the tasks.

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11.4

Creating Single Penetrations

There are three ways that a pipe penetration can be selected:

Pipe Attachment (ATTA) selected from the current piping specification, this method will allow the use of
a different attachment representation on the isometric.

Pipe Coupling (COUP) selected from the current piping specification, this method is very useful if
penetration material is needed on the piping isometric. Typical uses of this are penetration sleeves or
water tight bulkhead/deck flanges.

Pipe Attachment (ATTA) selected from a special penetration specification, this is very useful as the
current piping specification does not need a special penetration attachment.

In the Penetrate group, select the Create Penetration option from the Pipe button options list.

This opens the Create Penetration form as shown which


allows access to the Pick Penetrated Items and Pick
Penetrating Items buttons.

Clicking the Pick Penetrated Items button will allow the


selection of the element which requires the hole to be
added to it. In this case the panel belonging to FRMW
/EL(+) 107820_TOS owned by STRU /EQUIP_SUPPORT.
Clicking the Pick Penetrating Items button will allow the
selection of the element which will be used as a reference
to create the hole. In this case BRAN /80-B-7/B1.
The options at the bottom of the form then influence the
type of penetration created as shown in the following
sections.

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11.4.1

ATTA From Pipe Spec


With the upper section of the form populated the Specification
options list can be used to select the From Pipe Spec option.
This will add the Marker Type options list to the form, select
ATTA. Click the OK button to confirm the settings.
A specification CHOOSE ATTA form will be displayed if there is
more than one ATTA available in the current pipe specification.
In this case select FLOR TRUE Penetration ATTA Unset from
the list and click the OK button.
If only one ATTA is present in the specification, this will be used
as the default.

The Hole Management Definition form is displayed.


The Single or Merged Penetration area at the top of the form
enables individual single holes or a merged hole to be specified
as a multiple penetrating item by selecting the appropriate radio
button. In this case there is only one penetrating item in this
example consequently the options are disabled. This will be
detailed later with the use of the Managed Hole Utility form.
The sections of the form that are available for use are:

Hole Type

Penetrating Item Clearance

Hole Shape Parameters

Positioning

Information

The Hole Type section of the form contains a Class options list
that enables the selection of the class of hole, i.e. Standard
Types, Piping penetration piece tables and Pipe Duct.

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The content of the Type options list changes


depending on the Class selected. The examples
shown are the types that are available when the
Class is set to the Standard Types option.

The Penetrating item clearance section of the


form contains the Clearance textbox that enables
a clearance around the penetrating item to be
specified.
The Hole shape parameters section of the form
displays different parameter textboxes for the
different hole types. In this case for a Circular
Hole Type D the only parameter is Diameter.
The Diameter value is defaulted to the Outside
Diameter of the selected pipe, i.e. 89mm (88.9
OD).
In the case the Diameter value has increased
from 89 to 139 i.e. the pipe OD + 2 x Clearance.
The virtual hole clearance fixing is displayed at
the specified clearance diameter in the 3D View.

The Diameter textbox can be altered directly by


keying in a value, in this case 200mm. This
increases the diameter of the virtual hole such
that it is greater than the specified clearance.
The virtual hole fixing is displayed at the
specified diameter (this is the outer of the two
fixing extrusions shown).

The Set to Minimum button resets the hole shape parameters to the minimum value(s) required to create a
valid hole, taking into account the Clearance value. In this case clicking the button would set the Diameter
back to 139mm.

The number and description of parameters in the Hole shape parameters area of the form varies
depending on the Hole type selected.

The Positioning area of the form enables an offset in the X and Y directions for the penetration hole to be
specified by entering appropriate values in the X Offset and Y Offset textboxes. This enables the
penetrating item to be eccentric to the penetration hole, which may be required in some circumstances.
The Rotation gadget enables the hole shape be rotated to align the hole in a different direction. This is only
relevant on non-circular shapes. The rotation value may be set by using the up or down arrow or by entering
a value in the textbox.
The Information section allows a purpose to be set for the hole.

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Clicking the OK button on the Hole Management Definition form creates the FRMW and two virtual hole
FIXING elements, one for the clearance diameter and one for the penetration hole, in the STRU whose
Purpose attribute is set to HOLE. In this case it is STRU VH-Stru in the SITE HM-Virtual-Holes.
The top level fixing is auto-numbered using the format HM-VH-nnnn, where nnnn is a four digit sequential
number starting at 0001. The secondary level fixing is auto-numbered using the format HM-VH-nnnn-SUBnn, where HM-VH-nnnn is the name of the top level fixing and nn is a two digit sequential number starting
at 01.
The association is created in the ASSOGP whose Purpose attribute is set to HOLE and is automatically
named using the format HM-ASSOC-nnnn, where nnnn is a four digit sequential number starting at 0001.
A penetration ATTA will be created in the pipe branch. This is shown as a grating on the piping isometric.

A fixing has been created in the database ready for creating the
hole using the Hole Association Manager form later in the
process.

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11.4.2

Coupling from Pipe Spec


The same process is repeated as above, this
time with the Marker Type of COUP as shown.
The /SP/DR07C has examples of typical
penetration sleeves and is used here to
illustrate this alternative method.
The CHOOSE COUP form is displayed,
showing the available couplings from the
specification. Select the component with the
Stype of MACB2OR and then click the OK
button.

This component can cater for angled


connections and allow the fitting to be
flipped to either side of the penetrated
item.

The penetration flange has been placed on the underside of the panel. From the Positioning section of the
Hole Management - Definition form click the Flip Side button to reposition the penetration flange as
shown.

The diameter of the coupling is fixed by the catalogue and does not
affect the diameter of the hole to be cut in the steel. In this case the
flange diameter is 200mm so a suitable value of 220mm may be
entered in the Diameter text box.

The penetration flange is shown on the resulting


isometric sketch, indicating the side of the panel
that the component is to be placed.

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An alternative to this would be use of one of the penetration sleeve options. Once again the Diameter would
need to be altered to suit the outside diameter of the sleeve used.

11.4.3

Pipe Penetration Examples (Standard Types)

Circular Hole - Type D

Symmetrical (Oval) Hole Type HO

Asymmetrical Hole Type


HOR

Rectangular Hole
Type HR

Triangular Hole Type HT

Rectangular Hole (w/ears)


Type HRM

Circular Hole Type D


with Kicker Plate

Circular Hole Type


D with Sleeve

Rectangular Hole Type


HR with Kicker Plate

Rectangular Hole Type


HR with Sleeve

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11.5

The Hole Management Utility

In the Penetrate group, select the Penetration Utility option from the Pipe
button options list.

The Managed Hole Utility form is divided into four


sections:-

11.5.1

Create Holes,

Merge Holes,

Modify Holes,

Utilities.

It will be noticed that there is some overlap between the


previously discussed Create Penetration form and the
Managed Hole Utility form.

Create Holes Section

The Create Holes section of the Managed Hole Utility form allows the creation of holes one by one using
the Create Hole function; or to create all the holes for a SITE, ZONE, or PANE using the Auto Penetrate
CE button. Before either of these options is selected it may be necessary to set the clearance.
Clearance This is the clearance that will be applied
around the tube element of the branch.
Auto penetrate CE This can be used from any hierarchy
position and the application will find all clashes of
HVAC/Pipe with PANE elements to indicate where new
penetrations are required.
Create Hole This allows the selections of the penetrated
item followed by the penetrating item to create the hole. This
provides greater control to the user.

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11.5.1.1 Clearance
The Clearance textbox allows a value to be entered for the clearance. This value is added to the outside
diameter of tube.

Clearance with Tube Only:


Clearance set to 0mm, the outside diameter of the tube is used for the hole in the
steel.

Clearance with Reducer:


Clearance set to 0mm, the largest diameter of reducer is used for the hole in the
steel.

Clearance with Flange:


Clearance set to 0mm, the outside diameter of the tube is ignored and the flange
diameter with an allowance is used instead.

This requires the use of the AHDI reference in the Data Set of the
component in Paragon. This is not set for all flanges delivered by AVEVA.
The example shown uses a weld neck flange from the SP/DR07C spec,
(Catref /DBFWBP0LL).

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11.5.1.2 Auto Penetrate CE

Navigating to any hierarchy position using the Model


Explorer in this case /PANE 1 owned by SBFR /EL(+)
107820_TOS_PLATE has been used.

Clicking the Auto Penetrate CE button the application will find


all clashes of Pipe with Panel (PANE) elements to determine
where new penetrations are required. In this case a
Clearance value of 20mm has been entered.

Once the analysis is complete, the pipes and associated


virtual holes are added to the 3D View and the Hole
Association Manager form is displayed.

In some cases, i.e. if a STRU is selected, the analysis


can take longer. A progress bar is used to track the
completion rate.

The Hole Association Manager form is also displayed with the details of the newly created virtual holes.

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The
Hole
Association
Manager form will not be
displayed if no virtual holes
are created.

If more than 30 virtual holes


have
been
created
a
confirmation
message
to
display the Hole Association
Manager
form
will
be
displayed.

The use of this form will be


covered in section 11.7.5 Hole
Management.

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11.5.1.3 Create Hole


The Create Hole function allows the creation of holes one at a time using a similar method to that shown for
the Create Penetration form shown previously.

Clicking the Create Hole button will allow the


selection of the elements.

The prompt, Pick Panel to Penetrate: is


displayed.

Upon indication of the panel a second


prompt, Pick Penetrating Item: is
displayed.

The virtual hole is added to the 3D View.

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11.5.2

Merge Holes

The Merge Holes section of the Managed Hole Utility form allows two or more exiting hole to be merged
into one virtual hole.
Pick Holes This allows the selection of the penetrations
which are to be merged.
Merge Holes This merges the previously picked
penetrations into one virtual hole. By default this button is
unavailable until the Pick Holes button has been used.
From the Managed Hole Utility form click the Pick Holes button. The prompt, Pick Penetration to Merge:
is displayed.

The penetrations which are to be merged into one virtual hole


are selected in the 3D View.

A minimum of two penetrations must be picked to allow


the holes to be merged.

Once the penetrations have been selected, click the Merge Holes button to complete the creation. The
merged penetrations will be added to the 3D View.

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11.5.3

Modify Holes

The Modify Holes section of the Managed Hole Utility form allows the modification of the hole, the
management of the hole association and the deletion of penetrations.
Modify CE This displays the Hole Management Definition form as shown previously.
Manage Holes This displays the Hole Association
Manager form allowing the selected holes to be managed.

This will be detailed later in this chapter, separately from


the other two options, see section 11.7.5.

Delete Hole This allows the selection of a penetration to be


deleted. This will also remove all of the hole associations.

11.5.3.1 Modify CE
Using the 3D View, the penetration to be modified is selected
and the Modify CE button is clicked to display the Hole
Management Definition form.

The form can also be opened by


selecting the Modify Hole option from
the Holes button options list in the
Penetrate group.

The form is displayed and the selected penetration in the 3D


View is highlighted and the positioning axis is displayed.

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The Hole Management Definition form has been


discussed previously, refer to section 11.4.1.

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11.5.3.2 Delete Hole


Clicking the Delete Holes button form the Managed Hole Utility form allows the selection of a penetration
to be deleted.
The prompt, Pick penetration to delete: is displayed.

Using the 3D View the penetration to be deleted can be indicated. The response to this function is
dependent upon the current status of the penetration:

11.5.4

If the hole has no status, i.e. it has not been processed by the Hole Association Manager form it
will be deleted.

If the hole status is Requested, a Confirm message


will be displayed.

If the hole status is Approved, an Error message will


be displayed indicating that the deletion is not permitted

Utilities

The Utilities section of the Managed Hole Utility form facilitates the following:

The addition to the 3D View of structural panels within the volume of the selected Pipe/HVAC
element,

The addition to the 3D View of the Pipe/HVAC elements within the volume of the selected
structural panel

The production of a hole report.


Add Structure This allows the indication of the
penetrating item to add the penetrated structure to the 3D
View.
Add Pipe/HVAC This allows the indication of the structural
panel to add all Pipes/HVAC penetrating the structure to the
3D View.
Hole Report This allows the production of a hole report.
The Report Headings for Hole, Penetrated, and Penetrating
can be selected from the Managed Hole Reports form.

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11.5.4.1 Add Structure


To see the effect of this function remove all PANE elements from the 3D View.
From the Managed Hole Utility form, click the Add Structure button.
The prompt Pick penetrating item is displayed.
In this example PIPE /100-C-16 is indicated in the 3D View. The penetrated PTRU elements are added to
the 3D View.

11.5.4.2 Add Pipe/HVAC


To see the effect of this function remove all pipes from the 3D View.
From the Managed Hole Utility form, click the Add Pipe/HVAC button.
The prompt to Pick Panel is displayed.
In this case PANE 1 belonging to SBFR EL(+)107820_TOS_PLATE is indicated in the 3D View. The
penetrating pipes are added to the 3D View.

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11.5.4.3 Hole Report


From the Managed Hole Utility form, click the Hole
Report button to display the Managed Hole Reports
form.

The form can also be opened by


selecting the Hole Report option
from the Holes button options list
in the Penetrate group.

The form is divided into two main sections, Hole


Association Filter and Report Headings.

11.5.4.3.1 Hole Association Filter


This section of the form allows the specification of the required filters to determine which holes will be
included in the report. The upper part of this section contains three checkboxes.
Current Element This displays any holes
associated with the currently selected
element only.
Graphical Selection This applies filtering
to all managed holes associated with
elements in the current graphical selection.
All Managed Holes This applies filtering
to all managed holes in the MDB

Discipline This specifies holes for all disciplines or for a single discipline using the
options list.

Status This specifies holes at any status or specifies holes at a given status using
the options list.

Valid This specifies holes in relation to their validity or all holes regardless of validity
using the options list.

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The Display section of the form has a single checkbox:

Invalid This includes the hole associations that have any bad references, invalid references or
invalid data.

The Display option is not relevant if the Current Element radio button is being used. The option will be
greyed out.

11.5.4.3.2 Report Headings


The Report Headings section of the Managed Hole Reports form, allows the selection of the headings that
are required on the report from the three categories:

Hole information

Penetrated item information

Penetrating items information

The specific headings to be included in the


report can be selected by checking the
individual check boxes. In addition to this
there are the Select All Headings and
Clear Headings link labels to aid
population of the form.

Once the required headings have been specified the Run Report button can be used to create the report.
The Managed Hole Reports form appears, containing an Export to Excel and Print Preview link label.

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A right click menu is also available which will allow
the following tasks to be performed:-

11.6

Navigate To > Association/Penetrated Item/


Penetrating Item

Add to 3D view

Remove from 3D view

Focus on Hole

Export list to Excel

Print list.

Creating Non-Penetration Managed Holes Free Holes

Occasionally the pipe designer may require a hole through a structural panel that is not for a pipe
penetration. This is known as a non-penetration managed hole. The requested hole will then be controlled
using the Hole Association Manager form.
Free Holes are standard hole shapes, some of which include sleeves or kicker plates. In addition to these is
a User Defined shape. This option is also available in other Model disciplines, i.e. HVAC, STRUCTURES
etc.

11.6.1

Free Holes

In the Penetrate group, selecting the General Hole


option from the Holes button options list displays the
Create Hole from.

The upper section of the form lists the Penetrated


Object.
Clicking the Pick Penetrated Element link label
result in the prompt Pick a face on the penetrated
object being displayed. This allows the selection of
the PANE element in the 3D View.

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The Hole Type options list shows the available holes.
The first six entries are the same hole types available
for penetration holes. The remaining hole types are
various shapes with additional components, i.e. kicker
plates or sleeves.
The last entry is User Defined which enables a user
defined shape for the hole to be specified, this is
covered in one of the following sections.

Once the Penetrated Object and the Hole Type has been determined clicking the Apply button will display
the Hole Management Free Hole Definition form.
The example shows the form with the Rectangular
Hole Type HR with Kicker Plate selected.

The selected Hole Type is displayed in the 3D View,


on the penetrated item. Default sizes are used with
graphical aids that indicate the Hole X and Hole Y
directions and the default X and Y offsets from the
Panel origin.
The default hole location is the pick position from the penetration item selection. This default position may be
subsequently changed using the X Offset and Y Offset textboxes.
The form has two tabs:

Hole Definition to define the shape, size, position and rotation of the hole.

Associated Elements to define the element(s) the hole is to be associated with, e.g. items of
equipment, valve handles etc.

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11.6.1.1 Hole Definition Tab


From the Hole Definition tab, the following details
and parameters can be changed, to suit the required
hole.
The Hole Type may be changed from that specified
on the Create Hole form by simply selecting a
different type from the list. The graphical
representation of the Hole Type will change to the
new type.
The Hole Shape Parameters section of the form
changes depending on the hole type selected, with
the relevant parameters shown for that hole type.
For example, for a Rectangular Hole Type HR
with Kicker Plate has parameters for the hole
Width and Height, Radius, and Kicker Plate
Height and Thickness.
The Hole Position and Orientation section of the
form enables the X Offset and Y Offset, i.e. X and Y
distances from the panel origin, to be set. The values
default to the picked position and reflect the
displayed values on the graphical aids.
The X Offset and Y Offset values may be changed
manually by entering the required value in the
appropriate textbox.

Alternatively, clicking the Align in X or Align in Y link labels displays the prompt Align Hole to picked
position and activates the Positioning Control toolbar. Any position, using any of the positioning control
options can be indicated to align the hole with in the specified direction. The X Offset or Y Offset values are
changed automatically to reflect the picked position.
Clicking the
button displays the prompt Pick a face on the penetrated object. A new hole position
may be picked on the panel using the cursor. The X Offset and Y Offset values are updated accordingly.
The Rotation textbox enables the rotation around the Z axis of the hole to be specified either by entering a
value in the textbox or using the up or down arrows to change the angle in 5 increments.

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11.6.1.2 User Defined Hole Type

Selecting the User Defined option from the Hole


Type options list allows the creation of shapes
other than the standard options available.

This displays the Loop Vertex Editor form.

A default hole, an NXTR with four vertices, with


dimensions of 200mmx200mm is added to the
3D View.
The hole shape may be defined by adding,
deleting or modifying vertices to the NXTR loop in
the same way as editing a panel or normal
negative extrusion.

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For more information on the use of the Loop


Vertex Editor form, refer to training guide
TM-1812 AVEVA Everything3D Structural
Modelling.

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11.6.1.3 Associated Elements Tab


On the Associated Elements tab the elements
associated with the hole are shown in the Current
Association Elements list. Initially these include the
panel and hole reference.
Clicking the Pick Association Elements link label
displays the prompt Pick associated item. Any item(s)
may be picked to associate the hole with. The selection
process is terminated by pressing the Esc key. The
selected item(s) will also appear in the Current
Association Elements list.
Selecting an associated item from the list and selecting
the Remove Association option from the right click
menu removes it from the list and all references to it from
the association.

The Primary Panel and Hole Reference items are required to


create the hole and attempting to remove them displays a
Message form as shown.

In this case a valve has been added to the Current


Association Elements list.

Having specified all of the requirements for the hole, clicking the Apply button on the Hole Management
Free Hole Definition form will create the virtual hole.
The hole must be requested and approved using the Hole Association Manager form, covered in the
following section.

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11.7

Hole Management

In order to inform the structural department that a hole is required the hole needs to be requested using the
Hole Association Manager form. This form is opened by clicking the Manage Holes button on Hole
Management Utility form, or in the Penetrate group, selecting the Hole Manager option from the Holes
button options list.

11.7.1

Hole Association Filters

This section allows the filtering of the Managed Holes to be displayed on the Hole Association Manager
form.
Current Element This displays any holes
associated with the currently selected element
only.
List of Elements This activates the Elements
to Manage section of the form. This will be
detailed later in this section
All Managed Holes This applies filtering to all
managed holes in the MDB

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Discipline This specifies holes for all disciplines or for a single discipline using
the options list.

Status This specifies holes at any status or specifies holes at a single status
using the options list.

Claimed This specifies holes in relation to their claimed state using the options
list.

Valid This specifies holes in relation to their validity or all holes regardless of
validity using the options list.

The Display section of the form has a single checkbox:

Invalid This includes the hole associations that have any bad references, invalid references or
invalid data.

The Display option is not relevant if the Current Element radio button is being used. The option will be
greyed out.
The Apply Filter link label refreshes the form according to the element and filtering options selected.
For instance, navigate to a PANEL element in the Model Explorer and select the Current Element radio
button. From the Discipline options list select Piping and click the Apply Filter link label. This will result in
only pipe elements that penetrate the single structural panel being displayed.

Alternatively selecting the List of Elements radio button will activate the Elements to Manage section of
the form. This allows a more specific approach regarding which structural panels to filter on.

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Elements can be added to the list by navigating to them in


the Model Explorer and clicking the Add Current Element
link label.

Clicking the Refresh link label will update the contents of


the Hole Associations list.

Elements can be removed by using the right click menu


and selecting Remove element.

Alternatively clicking the Reset link label will populate the list with the CE only.

11.7.2

Show Tags

The Show Tags checkbox is an aid to identify the selected hole association in the 3D View.

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11.7.3

Translucent Penetrated
The Translucent Penetrated checkbox is also an aid to make the
penetrated item translucent in the 3D View. Using the default 3D
View settings this will have very little impact because the panels are
already translucent. However the effect can be seen below on a
panel which has had the default translucency changed.

11.7.4

Hole Association Options


The Hole Associations list has several options available from the right
click menu:

Navigate To this option has a sub-menu containing


Association, Penetrated Item and Penetrating Item. This
allows the navigation to these elements in the Model Explorer.

Validate this checks the validity of the selected association.

Add to 3D View this adds the virtual hole, penetrated item and
penetrating item to the 3D View.

Remove from 3D View this removes the virtual hole,


penetrated item and penetrating item from the 3D View.

Focus on Hole this centres the 3D View and zooms to the


selected association.

Modify Definition this opens the Hole Management


Definition form to allow the hole to be modified if required.

Add Penetrated this adds the penetrated item to the 3D View.

Export to Excel - this allows the Hole Associations to be


saved to Excel.

Print Preview this opens a Print Preview of the Hole


Associations.

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11.7.5

Managing Hole Associations

The following is the procedure for handling Hole Associations.


Before the request and approval procedure can be started the
validity of the association must be checked, i.e. that the pipe
has not been moved etc.
From the Hole Associations list, select the item required and
from the right click menu select Validate.

The result of the validation will be displayed in the Hole


Associations list.
From the Hole Association Manager form click the Manage
Selected Holes link label.

The Hole Management form is now displayed. The top of the form shows the List of Holes detailing similar
information to the previous Hole Associations list..
There are also three foldup panels:

Selected hole data

Hole
results

Hole History

validation

There is also a text box


that
allows
a
Hole
Comment to be added with
an accompanying Save
button.
The bottom section of the
form has two headings:

Originator Tasks

Reviewer Tasks

In this case the pipe designer is the creator of the hole and initially only the Originator Tasks of Request
and Delete Entry are available for use. The options that are available are dependent upon the current status
of the hole.

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Click the Request link label. A Confirm form appears asking Do you really want to change the status to
REQUESTED? click the Yes button.

The history of the hole can now be seen in the Hole History section of the form.

Now that the hole has been requested by the piping


designer the only Originator Tasks that are available
are Cancel Request and Delete Entry.
The Reviewer Tasks would only be available to the
discipline that owns the Panel, who at this stage would
have the Approve or Reject functions available to
them.

Clicking the Return to Hole Associations link label will


show how the Status has been added to the Hole
Associations list as shown.

The request process has claimed the hole association which will prevent any further modification by the
reviewing discipline. To overcome this a Save/Unclaim option is available from the right click menu.

This is the same functionality as the standard Savework and Unclaim functionality used throughout
AVEVA E3D. It has been added to the right click options to improve the workflow for this procedure.

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The approval of the hole by the reviewing discipline will result in the Status and Valid columns being update
in the Hole Associations list and the hole being added to the panel.

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Exercise 7 Hole Creation


Perform the following tasks:

Navigate to FRMW /EL(+)107820_TOS owned by STRU /EQUIP_SUPPORT belonging to SITE


/SITE-STRUCTURAL-AREA01 and add it to the 3D View.

Use the Add Pipe/HVAC button on the Managed Hole Utility form to add the pipes to the 3D
View.

Use the Copy Element With Offset function to copy PIPE /80-B-7 250mm in the Y direction.

The 3D View should look as shown.

Use the Create Penetration form for PIPE /100-C-17 to create a penetration From Pipe Spec
using an ATTA. Use the Circular Hole Type D type with a clearance of 75mm.

Use the Create Penetration form for PIPE /100-C-16 to create a penetration from the
Penetrations specification. Use the Circular Hole Type D with Kicker Plate type with a
clearance of 75mm.

Use the Managed Hole Utility form to set a clearance value of 50mm and with Panel element
selected use the Auto Penetrate CE button.

Use the Managed Hole Utility form to merge the holes for PIPE /80-B-7 and the copy. Use the
Modify CE button to create a Rectangular Hole Type HR with a Width of 450mm, Height of
200mm and Radius of 100mm.

The 3D View should look as shown.

Use Hole Association Manager form to Validate and Approve the holes.

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Exercise 8 Completing the Pipework


The following exercise will cover below ZONE /ZONE-PIPING-AREA01 using the following:Complete the routing of PIPE /100-B-8 by adding the BRAN /100-B-8/B2 as shown. Ensure that slip-on
and weld neck flanges have been used appropriately.

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Create Pipe /250-B-5 below ZONE /ZONE-PIPING-AREA01 using the following information:

Primary System
System B

Process

Specification

A3B

Bore

250mm

Branch B1 Head Details:

Connected to /E1301/N2

Branch B1 Tail Details:

Connection to /C1101/N2

Branch B2 Head Details:

Connected to /E1301/N3

Branch B2 Tail Details:

Connected to TEE1 of BRANCH B1

Suggestion:ELBO 2 of Branch B1 should be positioned using the Through tab of the Move form.

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Create Pipe /80-B-14 using the following information:

Primary System
System B

Process

Specification

A3B

Bore

80mm

Branch B1 Head Details:

Connected to /D1201/N2

Branch B1 Tail Details:

Connect tail to last member

Branch B2 Head Details:

Connected to TEE1 of BRANCH B1

Branch B2 Tail Details:

Connect tail to last member

Suggestion:As before, the Move form can be used to position the elbows to the explicit positions. The components from
the elbow to the gate valve of Branch1 and the components of Branch 2 are positioned fitting to fitting.
Consequently the tail positions are determined by the components overall dimensions.
The globe valve belonging to BRANCH B2 is selected from the HOLD specification.

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During preliminary routing a HOLD or Valve/Instrument specification can be used to select inline
components not available in the current pipe specification. This allows the components which have
preliminary information to be included in the route. The HOLD specification is used during this training
course to demonstrate this functionality, see also PIPE /50-B-9.

The resulting isometric will indicate that the valve is


on hold.

For additional information on creating isometrics


refer to chapter 16.

The use of the Connect To Last Member button for


the branches will set the connection on the Branch
Tail tab of the Pipe Editor: Modify Pipe form to be
the same as the last member, i.e. Flange RF ANSI
300lb in this case.

In this, or in any case where the connections need to


be different in order to satisfy the Connection
Compatibility Table in Paragon; using the Connect
To First/Last Member buttons will result in the pipe
failing the Data Consistency check.
This can either be rectified by setting the value
manually or by using the Reconnect button during
the creation of the connecting pipe as shown next.

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Create Pipe /80-A-11 using the following information:

Primary System
System A

Process

Specification

A1A

Bore

80mm

Branch B1 Head Details:

Connected to tail of BRANCH /80-B-14/B1

Branch B1 Tail Details:

Connection Type = Open End

Direction = W

Position:

W 303000

N 309280

U 106000 (This is an arbitrary value


which will be updated according to the
route obtained).

Suggestions:Use Model Editor to determine the height of


ELBO4 in relation to the STRU /PIPERACK
belonging to SITE /SITE-STRUCTURAL-AREA01.

Branch B2 Head Details:

Connected to tail of BRANCH /80-B-14/B2

Branch B2 Tail Details:

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Connected to TEE1 of BRANCH B1

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After the connection of the branch heads to the


tails of PIPE /80-B-14, the connection error
discussed previously can be corrected.

Selecting the Branch Tail tab for BRAN /80-B14/B1 will display a connection type error. Click
the Reconnect button to change the
Connection value.

This will need to be repeated for BRAN /80-B-14/B2 unless the error was corrected manually.

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Create Pipe /100-C-12 using the following information:

Primary System

Process System C

Specification

F1C

Connection Type = Open End

Bore

100mm

Direction = W

Insulation

50mm_Fibreglass

Position:-

Tracing

E-TRACING

Head Details:-

W 303000

N 308830

U 106000 (This is an arbitrary


value which will be updated
according
to
the
route
obtained).

Tail Details:

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Connected to /E1301/NS1

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Suggestions:Use Model Editor to determine the correct height at the head of the branch in relation to the STRU
/PIPERACK belonging to SITE /SITE-STRUCTURAL-AREA01.
The Control Set 1 assembly can be used for the downstream valve arrangement. The height of the tee can
be set using the Drag Move form, providing the assembly is moved away from ELBO3 first using the Model
Editor.

This will require the addition of two elbows. The head position
can then be determined by locking the West and North
positions and picking the leave of the second elbow as a
reference position. The elbows can then be deleted.

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Create Pipe /100-B-2 using the following information:

Primary System

Process System B

Specification

A3B

Bore

100mm

Branch1 Head Details:

Connected to /C1101/N1

Branch1 Tail Details:

Connect tail to last member

Branch2 Head Details:

Connected to TEE1 of BRANCH


B1

Branch2 Tail Details:

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Connect tail to last member

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Create Pipe /150-A-3 using the following information:

Primary System =

Process System A

Specification

A1A

Bore

150mm

Branch1 Head Details:

Connected to tail of BRANCH /100-B-2/B1

Branch1 Tail Details:

Connection Type = Open End

Direction = W

Position:

W 303000

N 308080

U 106000 (This is an arbitrary value


which will be updated according to the
route obtained).

Branch2 Head Details:

Connected to tail of BRANCH /100-B-2/B2

Branch2 Tail Details:

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Connected to TEE1 of BRANCH B1

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Create Pipe /100-B-1 using the following information:

Primary System =

Process System B

Specification

A3B

Bore

100mm

Branch1 Head Details:

Connected to /P1502B/N2

Branch1 Tail Details:

Connected to /C1106/N6

Branch2 Head Details:

Connected to /P1502A/N2

Branch2 Tail Details:

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Connected to TEE1 of BRANCH B1

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Create Pipe /50-B-9 using the following information:

Primary System =
System B

Process

Specification

A3B

Bore

50mm

Branch1 Head Details:

Connected to /P1501A/N2

Branch1 Tail Details:

Connected to /C1106/N4

Branch2 Head Details:

Connected to /P1501B/N2

Branch2 Tail Details:

Connected to TEE1 of BRANCH B1

Suggestions:All flanged valves need to be selected from the HOLD


specification.
The North positions are determined by the connections to
the equipment.
The control set in this pipe does not use the assembly. The
components will need to be created using a combination of
the A3B and HOLD specifications.

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Complete the route of Pipe /40-B-10 that was created earlier in this training guide.

Suggestions:Change the existing bends to screwed NPT elbows.


Connect the head and re-align the components to
suit the new position.

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CHAPTER 12
12 Data Consistency
12.1

Data Consistency

12.1.1

Possible Types of Data Error

The data consistency checking utility, available within the Piping application, checks the design for
occurrences of the following types of error.
Angular Alignment - Checks that components which are to be connected together are aligned in the same
direction:
Angular Alignment - Checks that components
which are to be connected together are aligned in
the same direction

Axial Alignment - Checks that components which


are to be connected together are aligned on a
common axis:

Consistent Bores - Checks that components which


are to be connected together have consistent bores:

Connection Types - Checks that components which


are to be connected together have compatible
connection types:

Minimum Tube Length - Checks that no length of


tube is less than a prescribed minimum (which may
depend on its bore).

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12.1.2

Accessing the Data Consistency Checks

In the Tools group click the Data


Consistency button to show the
Data Consistency Check form as
shown.

This form is used to generate a diagnostic report


on the data consistency of any part of the design.
The report can be listed on the screen (in the area
in the lower half of the form), or sent to a file from
which a hard copy can be printed. Select Screen
or File radio button and, in the latter case, specify
the Directory and Filename. Then choose the
hierarchic level at which to check the design using
the Check options list, the default value is CE.

For parameters and tolerances, the Data Consistency


Check allows a margin of acceptable error before a problem
is reported. These builtin tolerances have default values,
but may be set to alternative values if preferred. Click the
Piping button from the Parameters section of the form will
display the Piping Consistency Check Options form.

12.1.2.1 Design Tolerances


The misalignment between adjacent components can be measured using any of the following three
parameters:

The displacement angle between the p-arrive and p-leave axes

The offset distance between the p-arrive and p-leave axes

The ratio of the offset to the projected distance between the p-arrive and p-leave p-points
(equivalent to the tangent of the angle parameter).

The maximum permissible


values for any of these
parameters can be specified

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12.1.2.2 Minimum Tube Lengths

Clicking the Tube Range button from the Data


Consistency Check Options form will display the
Tube Tolerance Check Options form.

By default a report will warn of all lengths of


tube in the design which are shorter than
100mm. This allows a decision to be made
whether each such length is adequate for
welding procedures, bolt withdrawal, access,
and so on. This minimum length can be
changed from the default of 100mm, and may
set different minima for up to ten different pipe
bore ranges if desired. i.e.:

A minimum length of 150mm for bores


between 25 and 50.

A minimum length of 300mm for bores


between 50 and 100.

In this case the Tube value is set to 50mm which will be used for all
sizes.

12.1.3

The Report Format

The report comprises a header, giving the date and time, followed by an itemised list of the elements being
checked, together with numbered diagnostic messages describing any potential problems.
An example showing errors:-

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If no problems exist the following message is


displayed.

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12.1.4

Data Consistency Diagnostic Messages

With experience, the user will be able to identify which messages indicate errors which must be corrected,
and which are merely warnings of potential problems.

A full list of the data consistency diagnostic messages, each identified by a reference number can be
found in the Model Reference Manual of the AVEVA Everything3D Help.

As an example, a Pipe to Pipe connection, and some of the messages which might result will be considered.

The connection as shown is a valid one. If any of the connection types were changed, the following
messages may be witnessed:
A230

CONNECTION TYPE HCONN NOT SAME AS TERMINAL CONNECTION TYPE


The connection types FBD-FBD in this example must be the same.

B230

CONNECTION TYPE TCONN NOT SAME AS TERMINAL CONNECTION TYPE


The connection types GBD-GBD in this example must be the same.

D430

BAD ARRIVE CONNECTION TYPE


The connection types GBD-FBD in this example must be listed as compatible in the COCO tables.

E730

LEAVE CONNECTION TYPE (of the Flange) NOT COMPATIBLE WITH TCONN
The connection types FBD-GBD in this example must be listed as compatible in the COCO tables.

12.1.5

Example of Diagnostic Messages

The following examples explain the significance of some of the messages that user might be witnessed
during this training course:

12.1.5.1 Branch Head Errors


The following diagnostics apply only to the Head of a Branch:
A 10

HEAD REFERENCE NOT SET


The Head reference should only be unset (i.e. zero) if the Head Connection Type HCONN is set to
OPEN, VENT, CLOS or DRAN.

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A 20

HEAD REFERENCE POINTS TO NONEXISTENT ELEMENT


This error would result from the deletion of a component, such as a Nozzle, to which the Head of the
Branch was originally connected.

A 30

BAD HEAD RETURN REFERENCE


The Head is connected to an element that does not refer back to the Branch. This can occur when
the Head of a Branch is connected to another Branch, implying that a Tee should be placed
somewhere along the second Branch. The error can also occur when two or more branches are
inadvertently connected to the same terminal.

A200

DIRECTION HDIR NOT SAME AS TERMINAL DIRECTION


If the Head is connected to a terminal, such as a Nozzle or Tee, then the direction HDIR should
always be identical to that of the appropriate ppoint of the terminal.

A210

POSITION HPOS NOT SAME AS TERMINAL POSITION


If the Head is connected to a terminal, such as a Nozzle or Tee, then the position HPOS should
always be identical to that of the appropriate ppoint of the terminal.

A230

CONNECTION TYPE HCONN NOT SAME AS TERMINAL CONNECTION TYPE


If the Head is connected to a terminal, such as a Nozzle or Tee, then the connection type HCONN
should always be identical to that of the appropriate ppoint of the terminal.

A300

REFERENCE HSTUBE UNSET


There is more than 1mm of tube between the Head and the parrive of the first Component (or the
Tail), but HSTUBE is unset.

A310

REFERENCE HSTUBE REFERS TO A NONEXISTENT SPCOM


This may occur if part of the Specification has been deleted.

A320

HSTUBE PROBLEM, CATREF IN SPCOM IS UNSET


This indicates an error in the Specification.

A330

HSTUBE PROBLEM, CATREF IN THE SPCOM REFERS TO NONEXISTENT Catalogue


COMPONENT
This may occur if part of the Catalogue has been deleted or if the CATREF is unset.

A400

HBORE NOT SAME AS BORE OF HSTUBE


The bore of any tube leading from the Head, determined from the Catalogue, should always be
identical to HBORE.

A410

HCON NOT COMPATIBLE WITH CONNECTION TYPE OF HSTUBE


The connection type of any tube leading from the Head, determined from the Catalogue, should be
compatible with HCONN.

A420

ISPEC REFERENCE POINTS TO NONEXISTENT ELEMENT


This error would occur if, i.e., the Insulation Specification pointed to by ISPEC had been deleted.

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12.1.5.2 Branch Tail Errors


The same type of errors may occur to the Tail of a Branch. The message numbers are the same as for the
Head errors but are preceded by a B. i.e.:
B 10

TAIL REFERENCE NOT SET


The Tail reference should only be unset (i.e. zero) if the Tail connection type TCONN is set to
OPEN, VENT, CLOS or DRAN.

12.1.5.3 Plain Branch Errors


The following diagnostics can occur only for Branches with no piping components:
C500

TUBE TOO SHORT BETWEEN HEAD AND TAIL


The distance between the Head position, HPOS, and the Tail position, TPOS, is greater than zero
and less than the specified minimum tube length (default: 100mm).

C510

BAD HEAD TO TAIL GEOMETRY


Either the Head position, HPOS, does not lie at a positive distance along the line through TPOS in
the direction TDIR or the Tail position, TPOS, does not lie at a positive distance along the line
through HPOS in the direction HDIR.

The illustration shows some typical examples:

C520

HBORE NOT SAME AS TBORE


When there are no components on the branch, the Head bore, HBORE, should be identical to the
Tail bore, TBORE.

C530

HCONN IS NOT COMPATIBLE WITH TCONN


This implies that the Head is connected directly to the Tail with no Tube or piping components in
between; hence the Head connection type, HCONN, must be compatible with the Tail connection
type, TCONN.

C540

THIS BRANCH HAS NO COMPONENTS


This does not necessarily indicate an error. It is output as a warning.

12.1.5.4 Component Specific Diagnostics


The following errors apply to individual piping components and, in some cases, to their adjacent
connections. Some of the errors also apply to Nozzles.
These are applicable to any component, regardless of its position in the network:
D100

REFERENCE SPREF UNSET


This probably means that the user has forgotten to choose the piping component correctly.

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D300

CONN REFERENCE NOT SET


Multiway Components may be left unconnected only if the connection type of the relevant ppoint
is OPEN, CLOS, VENT, DRAN or NULL.

D310

CONN REFERENCE POINTS TO NONEXISTENT BRANCH


This may occur if the Branch which is pointed to by the CONN reference has been deleted.

D320

BAD CONN RETURN REFERENCE


This may occur if the Branch which is pointed to by the CONN reference has been reconnected to
another terminal.

D400

ARRIVE TUBE LESS THAN TUBE MINIMUM. ACTUAL TUBE LENGTH IS ...
The distance between the arrive ppoint of this component and the leave ppoint of the previous
component (or Head) is greater than zero and less than the specified minimum tube length (default:
100mm).

D410

BAD ARRIVE GEOMETRY


The position and direction of the arrive ppoint of this component are not correct with respect to the
leave ppoint of the previous component (or Head). The error could be caused by incorrect
positioning of this component, the previous component (or Head) or both.

The illustration shows some typical examples:

D420

BAD ARRIVE BORE


The bore of the arrive ppoint of this component is not equal to the bore of the preceding tube or, if
this component is not preceded by tube, to the bore of the leave ppoint of the previous component
(or HBORE).

D430

BAD ARRIVE CONNECTION TYPE


The connection type of the arrive ppoint of this component is not compatible with the preceding
tube or, if this component is not preceded by tube, to the connection type of the leave ppoint of the
previous component (or HCONN).

D500

REFERENCE LSTUBE UNSET


The user has probably forgotten to select the piping Component.

D600

LEAVE BORE NOT SAME AS BORE OF LSTUBE


The bore of the leave ppoint of this Component is not the same as the bore of the tube following
the Component.

D610

LEAVE CONNECTION TYPE NOT COMPATIBLE WITH CONNECTION TYPE OF LSTUBE


The connection type of the leave ppoint of this Component is not compatible with the tube following
the component.

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12.1.5.5 End Component Diagnostics


These are applicable only to the last component in a Branch:
E700

LEAVE TUBE LESS THAN TUBE MINIMUM. ACTUAL TUBE LENGTH IS ...
The distance between the leave ppoint of the current component and the tail position, TPOS, is
greater than zero and less than the specified minimum tube length (default: 100mm).

E710

BAD LEAVE GEOMETRY


The position and direction of the leave ppoint of this component are not correct with respect to the
position, TPOS, and direction, TDIR, of the tail. The error could be caused by incorrect positioning
of this component, the Tail, or both.

E720

LEAVE BORE NOT SAME AS TBORE


The bore of the leave ppoint of this component is not the same as the tail bore, TBORE.

E730

LEAVE CONNECTION TYPE NOT COMPATIBLE WITH TCONN


The connection type of the leave ppoint of this component is not compatible with the tail connection
type TCONN.

D740

ANGLE OF COMPONENT IS GREATER THAN MAXIMUM ANGLE


The Piping Specification has a range of angles for bends and elbows, the specified elbow falls out of
the angle range.

12.1.5.6 Pipe Route Diagnostics


D950

ELEMENT IS PART OF A BOTTOM POCKET


Indicates that a Drain may be required at the low point of the Branch.

D940

ELEMENT IS PART OF A TOP POCKET


Indicates that a Vent may be required at the high point of the Branch.

12.1.5.7 Wall Thickness Diagnostics


D900

INCONSISTENCY IN SETTING PIPE WALL THICKNESS


Indicates that the Pipe Wall Thickness across adjacent components is not the same as specified in
the Pipe Specification Wall Thickness Data Table.

12.1.5.8 Sloping Pipe Diagnostics


D920

ARRIVE SLOPE TOO SHALLOW, MINIMUM SLOPE 0.2722, ACTUAL SLOPE 0.


The slope has been set at Pipe Branch level and the pipe is not sloped.

D930

ARRIVE SLOPE TOO STEEP, MAXIMUM SLOPE 0.3008, ACTUAL SLOPE 1.1458
The slope has been set at Pipe Branch level and the pipe is not sloped correctly.

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Exercise 9 Data Consistency


Perform the following tasks:-

Use the Data Consistency Check form to check some of the pipes created in Exercise 8.

Try to correct the errors that are found

The Trainer will help with the interpretation of the diagnostic messages.

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CHAPTER 13
13 Clash Detection
This chapter provides an overview of the clash detection functionality that is available within AVEVA E3D.
The functionality is covered in detail on another training course but the use of the form is such an integral
part of the pipe modeling workflow in AVEVA E3D that it has to be mentioned in this guide as well.

13.1

For a full description of the AVEVA E3D Clash Detection functionality refer to TM-1802 Design Utilities
training guide.

Accessing the Clashes Form


In the Common group, select the Clashes option from the Clashes button
options list to display the Clashes form.

13.2

When the form is opened it displays the information that was displayed
previously. In this case the form has not been used in the current session of
AVEVA E3D so it is empty.

Executing a Clash Check

Navigate to PIPE /100-B-8 and from the Clashes form click the Check CE link label.

Alternatively, if the form is not open navigate to the element to be checked and
in the Common group, select the Check CE option from the Clashes button
options list.

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The form displays a list of the Clashes on the relevant tab and the graphical representation of the currently
selected clash in a 3D View. Selecting the clashes in the list will update the 3D View accordingly. By default
the colour for the Clash Item is bright red and the Obstruction is tomato. These values can be changed via
the Options tab if necessary.

It can be seen from the clashes that are being reported that this pipe needs to be modified to overcome the
obstructions.

13.2.1

Validation Philosophy

AVEVA E3D piping promotes the philosophy of check and modification before the Production Information is
created and distributed. This can be easily illustrated by a simple flow diagram showing how the process of
Design Check, Clash Check and Modify may be repeated until all aspects have been satisfied.

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Exercise 10 Clash Detection


Perform the following tasks:

Clash check as many of the pipes created in Exercise 8 as possible in the time permitted. It maybe
necessary to add element :WALKWAY /AREA01-WALKWAYS to the Exclusions list on the
Obstructions/Exclusions tab of the Clashes form. This is achieved by selecting the element in
the Model Explorer and clicking the Add button when the options list is set to Current Element.

Make any modifications that are required to overcome the clashes.

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CHAPTER 14
14 Design Checker
14.1

Design Checker
Design Checker is a separate installation on top of the AVEVA E3D install.

The Design Checker utility allows design consistency checks, written as macros, to be added quickly and
easily to Model. Some simple design checks are supplied by AVEVA as part of the installation. These will be
expanded upon over time.
The Design Checker utility provides:

A standard customisable user interface for model consistency checks.

Standard reporting, to screen and file, of the results of a model consistency check.

The ability to add new checking functions tailored to the working practices employed by the
company or project.

Navigation to the elements that have failed the checks directly from the form.

Additional checks required by the user can be added to the standard consistency checks provided by
AVEVA. A check is a macro function which tests selected elements in the database, and reports back to the
Checker Results form whether the element has passed or failed the tests.

In the Common group, click the Checker button to access the


Checker form.

14.1.1

Design Checker Load Errors

As mentioned above the Design Checker is a separate install to E3D. The following Warning form is
displayed if the Design Checker is not installed and the Checker form will have no Classes or Groups.

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If the Design Checker has been installed the form will appear as
shown.

All checking operations are controlled from the Checker form.

When the Checker form is initially displayed, the Check Items list will be empty.

14.1.2

Design Checker Form

The Check Items list of the Checker form allows the specification of which elements are to be checked.
The Checks pane allows the selection of one or more check functions to be applied to those elements.
To add elements to the Check Items list, click Add and select an option from the drop-down menu.

CE

Adds the current element selected in the


Model Explorer.

CE Members

Adds all members of the current element,


but not the current element itself.

Pick

Allows elements to be picked from the 3D


View.

Current Collection
Failed List

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Adds all the elements in the


Collection.

Adds all elements which have failed an


earlier check, as listed on the Checker
Results form.

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To remove items from the Check Items list, click Remove and select an option from the drop-down menu.

Remove only becomes active when the Check Items list is populated.
All

Removes everything from the Check


Items list and removes all highlighting.

Selected

Removes selected elements from the


Check Items list.

CE

Removes the current element highlighted


in the Model Explorer from the Check
Items list.

CE Members

Removes all the members of the current


element from the Check Items list, but not
the current element

Pick

Removes elements from the Check Items


list by picking them in the 3D View. Any
highlighting on the element is also
removed.

Current Collection

Removes all the elements in the


Collection from the Check Items
list.

To make it easier to interpret the check results, the elements can be highlighted in the 3D View.
To highlight items in the 3D View, click Highlight and select an option from the drop-down menu.

Highlight only becomes active when the Check Items list is populated.
Elements

Highlights all elements that are in the Check


Items list. When the selected, the Elements
Colour form is displayed which allows the
selection of the highlight colour.

Only elements already in the Drawlist will be highlighted;


elements are not added to the 3D View automatically.
Removing elements from the list will remove the highlighting
from the selected element

Passed

Passed is an On/Off toggle. When on, shown by a tick on the menu, all elements
which pass subsequent checks will be highlighted.

Failed

Failed is an On/Off toggle. When on, shown by a tick on the menu, all elements
which fail subsequent checks will be highlighted.

Colours > Passed

Displays the Passed Colour form, when Passed is activated on the menu,
allowing the selection of a highlight colour for elements that pass the check.

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Colours > Failed
Clear > Selection
Clear > All

Displays the Failed Colour form, when Failed is activated on the menu, allowing
the selection of a highlight colour for elements that fail the check.
Allows the selected element to be cleared.
Allows all elements to be cleared.

14.1.2.1 Check Functions


The available check functions are organised into class and group categories, simplifying the selection of
those most relevant to the users current design activities. Each class of checks represents, typically, a main
design discipline; for example, Steelwork, Piping, HVAC, Cable Trays, etc. Each class may have one or
more groups associated with it, representing more specific features of the design discipline.
Selecting the required class of checks from the Classes options list will automatically update the Groups
options.
Selecting the required group of checks from the Groups options list will automatically update the Checks list
to show all individual checks applicable to the chosen class and group.
From the Checks list, select one or more checks that are to be performed on the elements in the Check
Items list. The checks are performed by clicking the Check button on the form.

14.1.3

Design Checker Results

Clicking the Check button will automatically display


the Checker Results form.
The form is split into two sections:

Passed

Failed

Each listing the elements accordingly. Selecting the


element in the section will apply the relevant
highlight colour to the 3D View.

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14.2

Design Checker (Worked Example)

Navigate to PIPE /150-B-6 in the Model Explorer and select


Add > CE from the Checker form.
From the relevant options lists select the following:

Classes

Piping Application

Groups

Checks for Pipe Lines

From the Checks list select Vent High Points


Click the Check button.

The Checker Results form is displayed.

The results are also displayed in the 3D


View.

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Exercise 11 Design Checker

Navigate to BRAN /100-C-12/B2 and rotate


the by-pass valve by 90 degrees.

Use the Design Checker utility to check the following:-

The Drain Low Points check for all pipes owned by ZONE /ZONE-PIPING-AREA01.

The Valve Stem Orientation check on BRAN /100-C-12/B2.

For information relating to the administration of the Design Checker utility refer to Appendix - E

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CHAPTER 15
15 Production Checks
The Production Checks functionality allows pipe pieces and pipe spools to be checked in order to bring
them to production readiness in accordance with the user defined fabrication machines. The fabrication
checks are run against the criteria set against the fabrication machines. These are currently limited to pipe
bending and automatic flange welding machines.

The Production Checks method can be considered as an alternative to the Spool module. For further
information relating to Spool refer to TM-1851 AVEVA Everything3D Spooler training guide.
For the purposes of this chapter PIPE /40-B-10 will be modified to include
bends and extra flanges and PIPE /40-B-20 will be added. To do this on
the Tools tab, in the Training group click the Setup button to display the
Training Setup form. From the Piping tab in the Extras section, check
the Production Checks Update Chapter15 checkbox and click the
Apply button.

15.1

Definitions

The Production Checks functionality frequently refers to sections of the pipe as Pipe Spools and Pipe
Pieces. As a result, this terminology needs to be understood.

15.1.1

Pipe Spools

A pipe spool is a prefabricated part of a pipe or


branch. This is often considered as the deliverable,
supplied as a complete item by the pipe fabrication
shop that is sent for installation. Pipe spools are
typically comprised of a bent or straight pipe with
welded flanges or couplings at each end. There can
also be more complex fabrications with branches,
reducers, valves and other components. AVEVA
E3D derives the spools.

15.1.2

Gaskets are not included within the spool.

Pipe Pieces
A pipe piece is the lowest level in the fabrication
hierarchy of a pipe. It relates to a continuous piece of
tube that can be fabricated from stock material. The
pipe piece holds references to the components at
the start and end of the piece. The system derives
the pipe piece.

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Components on the end of the pipe pieces are


not part of the pipe piece, but they are
reference by it.

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15.2

Accessing the Pipe Production Checks Form

In the Production group, click the Production Checks


button to display the Pipe Production Checks form.

The representation of the Pipe Production Checks form


is dependent upon the state of the current element.
If a pipe or pipe element with no spools is selected the
Pipe Production Checks form will display the following
Pipe spools have not yet been generated for this
pipe. As a result the Generate Spools link label is
available.
The lower section of the form displays the Setup
Production Checks. This section is for the setup options
for production checks and includes:

Select Default Fabrication Machines - this allows


the selection of the fabrication machines to be
applied when running the production checks.

Define Auto-Resolve Preferences - this determines


whether the material excesses should be added
automatically by the system as a result of a check
against a bending machine.

Define Auto-Naming Preferences this allows the


definition of the auto-naming of the spools. This
functionality is only available to an administrator,
(Default is ON)

If a pipe or pipe element with spools is selected the Pipe


Production Checks form will look similar to that shown.

If no pipe or pipe element is selected the Pipe Production


Checks form will display the following Select a pipe or
element below a pipe to view the pipe spools.

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15.2.1

Setting Up Production Checks

Production checks are performed in accordance with the fabrication machines that are selected using the
options below the Setup Production Checks section of the Pipe Production Checks form.
The system checks the pipe pieces against the bending and flange welding machines that are nominated in
the default list. This allows the system to identify and assign the fabrication machines.
To select the default bending machine and flange
welding machine to be used in the production
checks, click the Select Default Fabrication
Machines link label.

The lower pane displays a selectable list of available


fabrication machines.
The selection can be made at any of the three levels,
FMWLD, FMGRP or FMBEND/FMWELD, in this
case the FMWLD has been selected. Click the
Apply button to use the selected machines or the
Back button to cancel the operation.

15.2.2

There are limitations on reporting production


checks failures that can occur if too many
machines are selected. It is not possible for the
form to display all errors on all machines. In this
case the View Log link label can be used.

Define Auto Resolve Preferences


To determine how the feed and end excesses are
applied during Production Checks, click the Define
Auto-Resolve Preferences link label.

The lower pane will change to display the available


preferences.

Checking the Include End Excess check box, will result in the system automatically adding excess pipe
material to the end of the pipe piece if needed. Checking the Include Feed Excess check box, will result in
the system adding feed excess to the pipe piece if needed.
End and feed excesses are the additional material quantities required by the bending machine to bend the
pipe. This is required for the clamp and loading length of the selected machine and will eventually become
waste. The customer will decide the standard approach for this setting which will be applicable to all users.
For instance it may be a requirement for the user to have these boxes unchecked. This will require the user
to evaluate the route and fitting positions if an excess is required.

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15.2.3

Define Auto-Naming Preferences

Auto-naming enables the automatic naming of new spools during generation. Consequently this needs to be
set up prior to the use of the Generate Spools link label. When selected, each newly created spool will be
automatically named using the auto-naming rules. If auto-naming is turned off then spools will be given
default names (Spool1, Spool2...).

Auto-Naming can only be accessed using an administrative login.

To set up the auto-naming of pipe spools click the


Define Auto-Naming Preferences link label.

The lower pane will change to display the Auto


Naming Preferences section. The Use Auto Naming
Rules checkbox determines whether the defined rules
are currently being used. Click the Define Naming
Rules link label.

The Name Settings form is displayed. Clicking the


Define Naming Rules... link label will display an Error
form because the current user does not have the
necessary administrative privileges to define the
naming rules.

The auto-naming of pipe spools is already set up for the Training project.

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15.2.4

Generating Spools

To create the spools click the Generate Spools


link label. The appearance of the Production
Checks form will change with the creation of the
spools.

The Generate Spools link label will create a single PSLIST element which
owns the PSPOOL (pipe spools) elements and PPLIST elements(s) which
own the PPIECE (pipe piece) elements.

15.2.5

The PSPOOL elements contain numerous attributes that can be used


to populate the pipe sketches later.

The PPIECE elements have a PPCutLength and PPFinLength


attribute which is the cut and finished length of the tube allowing for the
stretch factors on the bending machine.

It maybe advantageous to create an auto-naming rule for the pipe


pieces to aid in the management of any bending machine nc data if
required. See Appendix F for details of Bending Machine NC Data.

Auto-Naming Pipe Pieces

If there is a requirement to subsequently create bending machine NC data, it is recommended that the pipe
pieces are auto-named to aid recognition later. It is best for this to be performed at this stage.
Navigate to the pipe in the Model Explorer. On the
Tools tab, in the Tools group, select the CE Offspring
option from the Autoname button options list.

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15.3

The Pipe Production Checks Form

The Pipe Production Checks form now displays the Pipe Spools etc. The form has four new sections that
allow control of the different aspects of the production checks on the pipe and spool level.
Pipe Spools - this section shows the spools for the
currently selected pipe.
Pipe Tasks -this section shows tasks relating to the entire
pipe and includes:

Validate Pipe - this runs the production checks against


the entire pipe. The checks run for each spool in the
pipe that requires validation

View Production Information - this displays the


production information currently associated with each
pipe spool and pipe piece.

Remove Machine Information - this removes any


associated fabrication machine information for all
spools and pipe pieces within the pipe

Remove Fabrication Information this deletes all


spools and pipe piece data within the pipe.

View Log This displays a log viewer for the spool


Generation and Validation, providing a more detailed
report on the stages of the process.

Tasks for Spool - this section shows tasks that are related
to the currently selected spool and include:

Validate Spool
- this runs the production checks
against the currently selected spool

View Production Information - this displays the


production information currently associated with the
spool and pipe pieces it contains.

Remove Machine Information - this deletes any


associated fabrication machine information for the
selected spool.

Navigation - this section is for navigation relating to the


currently selected spool and includes:

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View Spool in Graphics - this zooms the 3D View to


the selected spool.

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15.3.1

Validation
The Pipe Spools section of the form indicates the
Production Status of the spools belonging to the current
pipe. Initially production check will need to be run against
every spool in the pipe, to do this click the Validate Pipe
link label from the Pipe Tasks section of the form. To run
checks against a single pipe spool select Validate Spool.
These options run the production checks and show the
results in the lower pane of the form
The production checks run using the fabrication machines
associated with the individual pipe piece of the spool.
Consequently if no machines are associated with the pipe
piece, as is the often the case when initially validating, then
the system will check against all machines defined in the
default machine list.

When the checks have been performed the Pipe Spools section displays the results of the check for each
spool. There are three possible production status values:

Successful

The production checks were successful

Failed

Some part of the production check failed

Valid for production

The spool had already been validated so was not rechecked.


The lower part of the form shows the result for each pipe
piece of the selected spool. A Pipe Piece list shows the
production check results per piece, and each piece has one
of the three status values associated with it.
Selecting a pipe piece from the list displays the detailed
results of the check in the Detailed Results section of the
form. The information displayed in this part of the form
depends on the results of the check.

In this example, Spool 40-B10-PS06 contains a bend that


has
a
radius
of
4D.
Consequently the Production
Status will be displayed as
Failed because this radius
cannot be bent by any of the
default bending machines.

To overcome this, the radius can be changed using the


previously shown functions from Model, or in some cases
the spool can be Set to Manually Bent on the form. This
ignores all bending data completely and assumes that any
production issues will be overcome by the fabricators.

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The selection of the Set to Manually Bent link label results


in the Production Status of the pipe piece changing to
Successful.

15.3.2

The use of the Set to Manually Bent option has been


included in this section for completeness. It is not the
normal procedure if the customers environment relies
upon accurate production information. In most
circumstances the bend radius would have be changed
to suit the bending machine or changed to an elbow.

The appearance of this data is dependent upon


whether the spool has just been validated with a
Production Status of Successful; or has already
been validated with a Production Status of Valid for
Production and the View Production Information link
label from Tasks for Spools section of the form has
been selected.

Examples of Various Results

15.3.2.1 Successful Checks with No Modifications Required

This is the result where the check succeeded against both


bending and flange welding machines. If applicable the
section shows which, bending machine was used and which
flanges can be pre-welded. In the example shown the pipe
piece requires bending using machine 5_NB_MACH with no
excesses, but no pre-welded flanges are present.
The Machine Insertion Direction indicates which end of
the spool is loaded on to the bending machine. This
provides valuable information in relation to whether the
excesses are required. This will either be displayed as
Clutch Head or Clutch Tail and corresponds with head/tail
of the owning branch.

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15.3.2.2 Successful Checks with Modifications Required


In this example the check succeeded against the bending
but some excess material is needed to make the pipe piece
pass the checks.
As well as bending and flange welding machine information
there is a list of excesses required. In the example shown it
can be seen that the Arrive of Tube requires an excess of
234.5mm (Machine Defined).

Selecting the Arrive of


Tube or Leave of Tube link
label on the form will show a
tag in the 3D View so it can
be seen how it applies to the
pipe
piece.
This
is
particularly use for the feed
excesses.

15.3.2.3 Failed Check with Modification Required


If the pipe piece requires excess to pass the checks, but
the auto resolve preferences have been setup not to
include excess automatically, then the check will fail.

In this case the results display the excesses required. The


suggested excesses can be accepted to make the pipe
piece pass the checks by clicking the Apply excesses link
label, or alternatively the existing route can be evaluated to
remove the excess.
This is the case if a single bending machine is set as the
default, in this case the /5_NB_MACH machine.
Alternatively the Set to Manually Bent link label could be
used to ignore the bending machine checks as shown
previously.

15.3.2.4 Non-Resolvable Failure

The validation may fail for a more serious reason in


relation to the Data Consistency of the pipe. This
should be resolved prior to continuing with the Pipe
Production Checks functions.

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15.3.3

Expanding the Machine Results Panel

The Detailed Results information may be expanded to display more information by clicking on the fold-up
panel button.

15.3.4

Modifying Production Information

The production information for the pipe piece can also be modified. This is done by clicking the Modify
Production Information link label.

This is used to change the fabrication machines, and also modify the end and feed excess.

An example where this could be used is if the feed excess has to be longer than the clamp length in
order for the pipe to be placed in a saw for removal of the excess.

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15.3.5

Changing or Assigning a Machine

To change or assign a bending machine or flange welding machine select the appropriate link label. If no
machine is associated with the pipe piece then the Change Bending/Welding Machine link label will read
Assign Bending/Welding Machine.
If the tube is straight then there are no bending machine options. If there are no pre welded flanges then
there will be no flange welding machine options.

In the current Training project there is only one machine that is capable of bending the selected pipe
piece.

Select the required machine and then click the Apply button. To cancel any changes and go back to the
previous screen, click the Back button.

After selecting a new machine click the Accept Changes link label at the
bottom of the panel.

15.3.6

Applying an User Defined End Excess

User defined end excesses can be added by


entering a value in the relevant textbox. Clicking the
Accept Changes to sets the new values.

15.3.7

Applying a User Defined Minimum Feed Excess

User defined minimum feed excess can be added by


entering a value in the Minimum feed textbox.
Clicking the Accept Changes to sets the new value.

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15.3.8

Revalidating a Pipe Piece

After changing the production information the pipe piece


must be revalidated by clicking Revalidate Pipe Piece link
label. This runs the pipe production check on the pipe
piece using the new values. As before the result of the
validation will be displayed.

15.3.9

Finish Viewing the Results

To return to the main form after viewing the results of the


validation click the Finish Viewing Results link label.

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15.3.10 Viewing Production Information


The production information assigned to the pipe piece of a spool can be viewed without having to go through
the validation process.
To do this click View Production Information link label from either the Pipe Tasks or Spool Tasks
sections of the form.
If the link label from Pipe Tasks section is selected, the resulting form will display all of the spools for
selection, as shown. If the link label from the Spool Tasks section is used then only the production
information for that spool is available.

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15.3.11 Removing Machine Information


To remove all machine information associated with a
single pipe spool or all the spools on a pipe click the
Remove Machine Information link label from either
the Pipe Tasks or Spool Tasks sections of the
form. As before the result depends on which link
label was selected, in this case the link label below
the Pipe Tasks section was used.

15.3.12 Removing Fabrication Information


The Remove Fabrication Information link label from the Pipe Tasks section will delete all production data
by removing the PSLIST (Pipe Spool List) and the PPLIST (Pipe Piece List) from the pipe.

The Pipe Production Checks alert form is displayed asking Are you sure you want to remove all pipe
spools and pipe pieces associated with the pipe? click the Yes button to remove or the No button to
cancel.

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15.3.13 View Log


If the spool fails the validation the View Log link
label can be selected to find out additional
information. This information is presented on two
tabs Spool Generation and Validation.
For instance, there are limitations on reporting the
production check failures that can occur if numerous
default machines are selected. This is because it is
not possible for the form to display all errors on all
machines. In this case the View Log link label can
be used.

The information for Spool Generation and Validation can be saved to file using the Save button or printed
using the Print button.

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Exercise 12 Production Checks


Perform the following tasks:

The use of the option from the Training Setup form at the start of this chapter added PIPE /40-B20 to the model. Use the Production Checks form to verify this pipe. There are several errors with
this pipe that will need to be remedied before the pipe will successfully validate.

Make the changes in Model to ensure all spools validate successfully for PIPE /40-B-20.

Observe which spools require end and feed excesses.

The following pipes should validate successfully:

/40-B-10 - (It maybe necessary to make a modification to the bend radius)

/200-B-4

/100-B-8

/100-B-2

/80-B-14

/250-B-5

/80-B-7

Run Production Checks on as many of these pipes as possible.

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CHAPTER 16
16 Creating Isometrics
Detail Isometric production is the subject of another course. However, since it is likely to be a requirement of
the piping designer, the basic techniques, of what is a simple operation are covered here.
Before the creation of Isometric plots the pipes should be free from clashes and data consistency errors.

16.1

Unlike the pipe sketch functions the creation of Isometrics does not require the pipes to have been
processed by the Pipe Production Checks utility.

Creating Pipe Isometrics

Navigate to the pipe in the Model Explorer, in this case /100-B-2.

In the Isometric group, select the Pipe option from the


Pipe button options list to create an isometric sketch of the
pipe.

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16.2

Creating System Isometrics

Alternatively, in the Isometric group, select the System


option from the Pipe button options list to create an
isometric sketch of the pipe and any connected pipes.

For further information relating to the use of the Isodraft module and its administration refer to TM-1873
AVEVA Everything3D Isodraft Administration.

Prior to the creation of the isometrics it may be necessary to split the pipes into logical section using the
Spool module. Refer to TM-1851 AVEVA Everything3D Spooler for details.

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Exercise 13 Creating Isometrics


Perform the following tasks:

Create Pipe and System Isometrics for the pipes created in the previous chapters.

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CHAPTER 17
17 Creating Pipe Sketches in Draw
The following chapter deals with the creation of pipe sketches that are required as an output in order to
fabricate the spools prior to installation. The sketches include dimensions and scale drawings of a pipe spool
along with tables of relevant manufacturing information.
Using the AVEVA E3D Automatic Drawing Production (ADP), pipe sketches can be produced automatically
using pipes that have been validated by the Pipe Production Checks utility in the Model application. This is
performed using the Draw module of AVEVA E3D.

17.1

Accessing the AVEVA E3D Draw Module.

On the Project tab, select the Modules option and click the Draw tile access the Draw module

A Confirm form appears, click the Yes button.

A default screen layout will be displayed comprising the Microsoft Office Fluentbased user interface
and an Active Properties and Properties forms.

On the Tools tab, in the Explorers group, click the Draw Explorer and Model Explorer buttons to display
the Draw Explorer and Model Explorer respectively.

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17.2

Creating a Registry

In order for the pipes sketches to be stored an owning Registry (REGI) must be selected using the form, as
shown later. It may be necessary to create the Registry and name it according to the area or system being
sketched to aid navigation at a later date.

In the previous chapters the SITE being used was


/SITE-PIPING-AREA-01. Consequently Department
/DEPT-PIPING-AREA01 will be selected as the owner
for the new Registry in this example.

On the Tools tab, in the Explorers group, select the


Create option from the Registry button options list.

The Create REGI form appears allowing a suitable


name to be entered for the Registry, in this case AREA01-Psketches-01. Once the name has been entered
click the OK button.

The Registry will be added to the selected Department


in the Draw Explorer as shown.

The Registry Information form that appears by default


is not required for the creation of pipe sketches. Click
the Cancel button to close the form.

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17.3

Creating Pipe Sketches

To create the pipe sketches, navigate to the correct position in the Model Explorer, i.e. Zone or Pipe. A list
of spools can then be obtained for the CE. On the Auto tab, in the Create group, click the Pipe Sketches
button to display the Pipe Sketches form. Failure to navigate to the correct type of element will result in an
Error form being displayed.

The Pipe Sketches form is split in to four sections:

Design Element to search under

Filter the Spools using

Search Results

Sketch Creation Options

The name of the selected zone or pipe is displyed in


the Design Element to search under text box.
The content of the form can be altered by selecting
another element in the Model Explorer and clicking
the CE button to add the element name to the form.
There are additional filter options on the form which
are useful for defining better search criteria. For
instance, if the element selected is a Zone and it is a
requirement for the form to display sketches which
contain specific characters or have a specific status.
If the additional filters are used, the Search button
would then have to be clicked to update the Search
Results list.
The Search Results section will display the relevant
spools in accordance with the CE and any applied
search criteria.
The Sketch Creation Options allow the selection of
a suitable drawing template, owning registry and log
file.

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17.3.1

Design Elements to Search Under

This is the name of the root design element, and must be either a zone or a pipe. The textbox can be
populated using the CE button or by typing in the name.

The system validates all types input. If the CE button


is used, the text box displays the name and the form
initialises.

17.3.2

Filter the Spools Using

This part of the form allows filters to be applied to


the spools under the root element according to
several criteria. Once the criteria has been selected
the Search button is clicked.

All or Part of the spool name

Include spools with names matching the text the user enters, either
wholly or partially.

Production Status

This offers three options via an options list, Any, Valid, and Not
Valid.
Any

Matches all spools, both validated and not validated

Valid

Matches pipe spools valid for production

Not Valid
Sketch Status

Matches only spools not valid for production.

This offers three options via an options list, Any, Created and Not
Created.
Any
Created
Not Created

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Matches all spools, both with and without existing


pipe sketches
Matches only pipe spools with existing pipe sketches.
Matches only pipe spools without existing pipe
sketches.

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17.3.3

Search Results

This list is a collection of all pipe spool elements of the


root element, filtered by the criteria above. The system
processes only pipe spools selected in this list when the
Create Sketches button is clicked.

Name

This is the name of the pipe spool.

Valid

TRUE or FALSE, depending on whether the pipe spool has been validated in Model
using the Pipe Production Checks form.

Sketch

If the sketch has been created this field displays the name of the resulting drawing, if the
sketch has not yet been created this field displays FALSE.

Drawn

This field gives the date that the drawing was created. If no drawing exists the field will
display ---. If the search finds more than one drawing then it will display the number of times
the drawing has been created, i.e. 2 times, 3 times etc.
The Search Results list also has a right click menu with
following options:-

Select All

This selects all pipe spools in the list.

Clear Selection

This unselects all pipe spools in the


list.

Print Sketch

This prints the selected sketch.

Delete Sketch

This deletes the selected sketch.

The Print Sketch and Delete Sketch options are inactive until the pipe sketch has been created.

17.3.4

Sketch Creation Options


The Sketch Creation Options are at the bottom of the
Pipe Sketches form:Sketch Template -This must be an existing DRWG
element that can be used as a template for the pipe
sketch drawing. The CE button allows for a quick
capture.
Create Sketches in Registry - The named element
must be an existing Registry element into which the
system puts all new pipe sketch drawings. The CE
button allows for a quick capture.

Log File

The system records the progress of the creation process as text that is written to a file.
This field shows the file name the system will write to. The system overwrites the file if it
has already been used.

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17.3.5

Create Sketches

The desired spools are selected from the Search


Results list and the Create Sketches button is
clicked.
The pipe sketches will be created below the selected
Registry in the Draw Explorer.

The presence of the sketches will update the Search


Results form and make the Display button active.
Clicking the Display button will open the drawing of
the selected pipe spool for viewing. Only one sheet
can be displayed at a time. However the up/down
arrows allow navigation up and down the list to
display each sketch.

Alternatively, from the Sheet level, click the Open


option from the Draw Explorer as shown.

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Here is a typical example of a pipe spool sketch

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Exercise 14 Creating Pipe Sketches


Perform the following tasks:

Enter the AVEVA E3D Draw module

Create pipe sketches for the pipes validated previously.

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APPENDIX A

Appendix A - Additional Flange Information


A.1 - Flange Offset Value for Slip-On Flanges
Slip on flanges have a flange offset value, this is the distance from the flange face to the end of the tube. For
the FLOF flanges used in the SP/DR07C spec this value is calculated using the wall thickness parameter.
The example below shows P1 would have a PDIST of 0 and P2 a PDIST of the Pipe Wall Thickness + 2mm
(PWALLT(1) + 2mm).
The Flange Offset is the Distance between P1 and P2

Therefore with the P2 PDIST value being (PWALLT(1) + 2mm) for a 100NB pipe with a wall thickness of
3.18mm the flange offset will be 3.18 + 2mm = 5.18 mm

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The wall thickness can be checked by viewing the HWALLT Pseudo
Attribute while at the branch level.
Also the flange offset (distance between flange face and tube end) can be
checked This is the Fitlength Pseudo Attribute while at the flange level.
This is not the only method of setting the flange
offset value. In some cases the value is fixed
for each flange by using a parameter. This can
be seen for the FLSO type flanges belonging to
the SP/DR07C for example.
This value is fixed for each flange because it
does not rely on any external variable, i.e. the
wall thickness of the attached tube.

A.2 - Flange Allowance Value for ALLO Flanges


Flanges which require the end of the tube to be flared, deformed to form the raised face, need to have
additional material to allow for the deformation process. This extra tube is the flange allowance. The value of
the flange allowance is calculated using the Pipe Data Table (PDATAB). The PDATAB contains a flange
allowance parameter field which allows an expression to be added for each bore size. i.e. (10* ATTRIB
PWALLT(1)), the PDATAB holds a reference to the Wall thickness table (WTHTAB)

Consider the illustration shown below, if the wall thickness is 3.18 mm the flange allowance value would be
10 x 3/18 = 31.8 mm.

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For the flange allowance to be applied, the catalogue


component must have the CompType attribute set to
ALLO

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The flange allowance can be checked by viewing the Flallowance Pseudo
Attribute while at the flange level.
The loose attribute on the flange will be automatically set to true. This can be
checked by viewing the Loose Attribute while at the flange level.
The impact of this can then be seen in Isodraft on the dimensioned view and material list. Also there will be
no welds in the Weld Table for the loose flanges.

A.3 Additional Queries


A.3.1 Wall Thickness Queries
Q p(Ppoint number) wall
Q p1 WALL

query the wall thickness at p1

Q LWALLT

Leave wall thickness of component

Q AWALLT

Arrive wall thickness of component

Q HWALLT

Head wall thickness from branch

Q TWALLT

Tail wall thickness from branch

Q WTEREF(Ppoint number)

query the wall thickness element associated with p1

Q ATWREF

Arrive tube wall thickness reference

Q LTWREF

Leave tube wall thickness reference

Q PWALLT(Ppoint number)

wall thickness at a given Ppoint

Q LTWALL

Leave tube wall thickness

Q ATWALL

Arrive tube wall thickness

Q SCHED/ULE

Piping Schedule taken from the associated wall thickness table

Q PCWALL

Wall thickness of connected component Ppoint

Q PA WALL

Pipe Arrive Wall thickness

Q PL WALL

Pipe Leave Wall thickness

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A.3.2 Corrosion Allowance Queries


Q p(Ppoint number) corrosion
Q CORROS/ION

Tube corrosion

Q LCORRO

Leave corrosion allowance

Q ACORRO

Arrive corrosion allowance

Q TCORRO

Tail Corrosion from branch

Q HCORRO

Head Corrosion from branch

Q PCORRO/SION(Ppoint number)

Corrosion at a given Ppoint

Q LTCORR

Leave tube corrosion allowance

Q ATCORR

Arrive tube corrosion allowance

Q PA CORROSION

Pipe arrive Corrosion

Q PL CORROSION

Pipe Leave Corrosion

A.3.3 Flange Allowance Queries


Q FLALLO/WANCE

Flange Allowance

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APPENDIX B

Appendix B Model Editing / Pipe Editing / Quick Pipe Router Menus


B.1 Model Editor Cardinal Direction Handle Menu
The following options are available from the cardinal
direction handle menu

Enter Value

Align with Feature

Offset From Feature

Snap to Point
Cancel

This presents the Move Selection


form depending on which cardinal
direction handle is selected. This
allows an explicit value for the
displacement of the selection in the
selected direction.
This allows the identification of features with which to align the handle in the
selected direction. The selection being displaced is moved in the selected
direction until the handle is aligned.
This presents the Offset From
Feature form which allows an offset
value
to
be
entered.
The
identification of the feature from
which the offset is to be applied can
then be performed.
This allows the identification of features with which to snap the selection to.
The selected direction has not relevance to the actual displacement.
This closes the right click menu.

The following options are available from the Move Handle option:

Enter Value

Align with Feature

Snap to Point

These options behave in the same manner as those described previously, but only to reposition the handle
as opposed to the selection.

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B.2 Model Editor Rotational Handle Menu


The following options are available from the rotational handle menu

Enter Value

Orient to Point
Align with Direction

Align with

Cancel

This presents the Rotate Selection


About X/Y/Z form depending on
which rotational handle is selected.
This allows an explicit value for the
rotation of the selection about the
selected axis.
This directs the handle directly to a point feature.
This allows the identification of features, usually ppoints. The handle will
then be directed to the same direction as the selected feature.
This presents the Enter Direction
For X/Y/Z Axis form depending on
which rotational handle is selected
This allows an explicit direction for
the handle to be entered.
This closes the right click menu.

The following options are available from the Rotate Handle option:

Enter Value

Orient to Point

Align with Direction

Align with

To World

- Rotates the handle to the World axes.

With the exception of To World, these options behave in the same manner as those described previously,
but only to rotate the handle as opposed to the selection.

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B.3 Pipe Editing Handle Menu


The following options are available from the Pipe Editing handle menu:-

Enter Offset

Enter Distance From

Align
Align with Feature

Offset From Feature

Connect

Move Handle

Distance Feedback

Cancel

This presents the Constrained Move


form, which allows an offset to be
entered from the current position in
the selected routing direction.
This has three options which are
context sensitive and allow an offset
from one of the common features of
a pipe branch. A relevant form is
displayed allowing the value to be
entered.
This allows a component to be aligned to the previous component.
This allows the identification of features with which to align the handle in the
selected direction. The selection being displaced is moved in the selected
direction until the handle is aligned.
This presents the Offset From
Feature form which allows an offset
value
to
be
entered.
The
identification of the feature from
which the offset is to be applied can
then be performed.
This allows a component to be connected to the previous component.
This allows the selction of End of Selection and Opposite End of
Selection. This will reposition the handle without moving the selection. The
result of the selection can be determined in relation to the direction of the
handle indicated.
This allows the selection of four possible context sensitive options to
determine the format of the information in the 3D View; From Leave / From
Arrivee / From Origin / From Direction Change / From Branch Head /
From Branch Tail / From Current Position. These relate to the datum
used for the dimension. Whilst two additional options of Show True Length
and Show Orthogonal Length determine the format, (these are more
relevant for sloping pipes).
This closes the right click menu.

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B.4 Quick Pipe Router - Extend Route Handle Menu


The following options are available on the Extend Route handle before a drag.

Enter Offset

Enter Leg Length

This presents the Constrained Move


form, which allows an offset to be
entered from the current position in
the selected routing direction.
This presents the Explicit Distance
form which allows an absolute
distance value to be entered from the
previous change in direction.

Distance From Origin

This also presents the Explicit Distance form which allows an absolute
distance value to be entered from the previous components origin.

Extend Through Feature

This allows identification of features with which to align, along the selected
routing direction.

Offset From Feature

This presents the Offset From


Feature form which allows an offset
value
to
be
entered.
The
identification of the feature from
which the offset is to be applied can
then be performed.

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No Slope

Slope Angle

This sets the mode. When selected, no slope will be applied to the pipe leg
when the handle is dragged.
This presents the Set Slope Angle
form which allows a slope angle to be
specified.

Orient To Point

This directs the handle directly to a point feature or rotates about the vertical
axis maintaining horizontal offset when a linear feature is identified.

Align with Direction

This allows the identification of features, usually ppoints. The handle will
then be directed to the same direction as the selected feature.

Explicit Direction

Component Choice

Distance Feedback

Show Rotation Handles


Cancel

This presents the Enter Direction


For Z Axis form which allows an
explicit direction for the handle to be
entered.
This allows the selection of the type of component that is created by the
Quick Pipe Router when a change in direction occurs. The component can
be set to either Use Elbows or Use Bends.
This allows the selection of the format for display of the distance feedback.
This can be set to either Offset (offset from the handles original position),
Leg Length (distance from the previous change in direction), or From
Origin (distance from the previous components origin). The D 'hotkey' can
be used to cycle through the options.
This toggles the display of the Rotation Handles.
This closes the right click menu.

The following options are only available when the branch has a Slope Ref set that defines the angle of the
slope:-

Normal to Feature

This allows the identification of features with which to align the handle whilst
allowing for the currently set slope.

Default Slope Up

The slopes the resulting pipe up in accordance with the slope ref value when
the handle is dragged.
The slopes the resulting pipe down in accordance with the slope ref value
when the handle is dragged.
There are two additional options available when the branch has a slope ref
set. Show True Length (shows the feedback as a value along the axis of
the sloping leg) and Show Orthogonal Length (shows the values as
horizontal and vertical components)

Default Slope Down


Distance Feedback

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The following options are available on the Extend Route handle on completion of a drag, i.e. when the right
mouse button has been used to drag the handle and no special actions are active.
Extend

This extends the route to the current


position.

Cancel

This returns the handle and selection to its


original state before the drag.

The following options are available when Feature Highlighting is active and the identified feature is the
opposing Route handle.
Extend

This extends the route to the current


position.

Complete

This completes the route and exits the route


mode when applicable.

Cancel

This returns the handle and selection to its


original state before the drag.

B.5 Quick Pipe Router - Rotational Handle Menu


There are two addition options available on the Rotational handle before a drag

Enter Value

Intersect with Line

The other options are identical to those shown for


the Extend Route handles.

This presents the Rotation About


Horizontal/Vertical form depending
on which rotational handle is selected.
This allows an explicit direction for the
handle to be entered.
This allows the direction to be defined from the intersection between the
direction of a selected feature and the plane of the rotation.

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APPENDIX C

Appendix C Insulation and Tracing


C.1 - Adding / Controlling Insulation
Insulation can be added at pipeline or branch level, AVEVA E3D controls the insulation from the insulation
specification that is created in the Paragon module.

The insulation can be controlled by the range of temperature


and bore to control the thickness of insulation to be added. The
image shows an extract from the Paragon module.

When a pipe is created, using the Pipe Editor: Create Pipe


form the insulation specification and temperature can be
specified for the pipeline. In this case the insulation thickness is
dependent upon the bore and temperature.

Alternatively, the thickness of the insulation can be selected


directly. In this case the temperature and bore are irrelevant for
the purpose of insulation.

Once this information exists against a routed pipe the insulation can be displayed. On the 3D View tab, in
the Settings group, click the Graphics button to display the Graphics Settings form. The Representation
tab contains an Insulation Visibility / Translucency options list allowing the translucency of the insulation to
be set.

Sometimes insulation may not be required over the total length of the branch, for example the section of a
pipe upstream of a feature may not require insulation. The insulation can be terminated at a component in
the pipe by setting the components Insulation Specification attribute (Ispec) to Nulref. This will remove
the insulation from the component and the implied pipe downstream of the component. The insulation can
be removed from further components in the pipe if required, using the same method.

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C.1.1 - Controlling Insulation between Components


In this example insulation has been added to PIPE /100-C-16. The insulation is to be removed from the
branch above the penetration through STRU /EQUIP_SUPPORT.

Navigate to the flange


at the head of the
branch.

From the Reselect tab of the Piping Component Editor


form select None from the Insulation options list.

Click
the
Yes
button
on
the
Confirm form.

The insulation has been removed from the flange to the


first elbow. The ATTA used for the penetration has been
ignored. To overcome this the Specification Break
(Spkbrk) attribute of the ATTA needs to be changed.

Navigate to the ATTA and from the right mouse button context sensitive menu select Attributes Set the
Spkbrk attribute to True by clicking the check box.

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This insulation has now been included between the


ATTA and the elbow.

ATTAs can be added along the implied tube


specifically to control the boundary of the
insulation.

The gaps in insulation can also be seen on the isometric produced for the pipe. The gaps in the dashed line
show the areas where the insulation was removed.

It is also possible to edit the Stext attribute of the


ATTA to display a note on the isometric. In this case,
the Stext attribute was set to Insulation Break /
Penetration.

The Branch contains a pseudo attribute of INLENGTH that can be reported on.

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C.2 - Adding Tracing


A tracing specification is required for pipelines that may need some form of heating i.e. fresh water pipelines
exposed to the elements. This specification is set up from the Paragon module.

Tracing can be added to a pipe from the Pipe


Editor: Create Pipe or Pipe Editor: Modify
Pipe forms. From the Tracing options list select
the type of tracing required and click the Apply
button.

Pipes with Tracing can be highlighted in the


3DView by selecting the Tracing checkbox from
the Graphics Settings form.

If a piping isometric is produced the tracing on the pipe will be shown as a chain-dotted line.

The Branch contains a pseudo attribute of TRLENGTH that can be reported on.

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APPENDIX D

Appendix D Hole Management Request and Approval Workflow


D.1 Hole Creation/Modification Workflow

In this workflow the Originator creates the virtual hole and then either requests it or deletes the entry.
Once requested, the Originator may cancel the request and delete the entry prior to it being reviewed.
If requested and not cancelled or deleted, the Reviewer checks the hole details and, if OK, approves the
hole, thereby creating the actual hole.
If the Reviewer rejects the hole then the Originator can either modify the virtual hole and re-request the
hole or cancel the request and delete the entry.

D.2 Redundant Hole Workflow

In this workflow the actual hole has been created. The Originator decides that the hole is now redundant
and sets its status to Redundant.
Before the Originator can delete the entry the Reviewer must agree that the hole is redundant.

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D.3 Rejected Hole Workflow

In this workflow the actual hole has been created. The Reviewer, possibly due to changed conditions,
decides to reject the hole. The Originator has the option to:

Modify the hole and re-request it, whereby it will go through the normal review and approval cycle.

Cancel the request, in which case the virtual hole details remain

Delete the entry, in which case the entire hole is deleted and the virtual hole and association
deleted. The actual hole is deleted and the panel restored to its original state.

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APPENDIX E

Appendix E Design Checker Admin Overview


The Design Checker chapter of this training guide showed how the form can be used to perform various
checks of the Model data. This appendix has been added to illustrate how the checks themselves are
constructed to enhance the understanding of the utility.

The creation and modification of the checks is normally an administrative function. Consequently a
piping design user will only be allowed to view the information.

E.1 - Design Checker Admin Form

On the Admin tab, in the Data Checker group, click the Config
button to display the Data Checker Configuration form.

The administrator uses this form to create the Classes


and Groups that are displayed on the Checker form.

The Checks are added to the Groups, each check has


a name and an associated macro function.

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Due to the limited access rights of the pipe design


user this form is currently read only.

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E.1.2 - Vent High Points Admin Detail


The detail of the Vent High Points check used in the worked
example of the Design Checker chapter is selected in a similar
fashion to how the check is selected from the Checker form:
From the relevant options list select:

Classes

Piping Application

Groups

Checks for Pipe Lines

From the Checks list select Vent High Points


This updates the information at the bottom of the form listing the
Name, Description and Function of the selected check.

If there are any rules that can be modified the Edit Rule
Data button is active.

Clicking Edit Rule Data button will open the following form.

The asterisk * in the text


field indicates All sizes,
Fluid Ref etc. are
handled.

From the information on the form it can be seen that the Vent High Points check covers the following:

Tee or Olet exist with a Branch outlet of 15mm or above.

Branch must contain a Valve and a Closure

Will check all Fluids

Will Check All Pipes

Will Check all pipes regardless of name

Will show all High Points (un-ticked shows just the highest point)

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E.1.3 - Drain Low Points Admin Detail


If the Drain Low Points check is selected from the Checks options list the form will display that it can only
be used to check a pipe between 15 - 50mm N.B. when the Fluid Reference is set to /FRESH-WATER.

In the Design Checker


chapter no pipes failed this
test because none of them
had a fluid reference of
/FRESHWATER.

E.1.4 - Valve Stem Orientation Admin Detail

The detail of the Valve Stem Orientation check that was used in
the exercise of the Design Checker chapter is as follows:
From the relevant options list select:

Classes

Piping Application

Groups

Checks for Pipe Componens

From the Checks list select Valve Stem Orientation.


Click Edit Rule Data button.

The check indicates that with the exception of Sea Water a valve
stem can be rotated from the vertical between 0 and 45deg. In the
case of Sea Water the Valve Stem must always be vertical.

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This page is intentionally left blank.

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APPENDIX F

Appendix F Bending Machine NC Outputs


The training guide has shown how it is possible to obtain Bending Machine data in the form of bending
programs on pipe sketches. In additional to this there is often a requirement to be able to output this
information in file format for numerous pipe pieces. This is achieved using the Fabrication NC Reports
form.

F.1 - Accessing the Form


To access the form the CE must be a Site, Zone, Pipe, Pipe Spool List (PSLIST), Pipe Spool (PSPOOL),
Pipe Piece List (PPLIST), or a Pipe Piece (PPIECE).
In the Production group, click the Bending NC
Output button to display the Fabrication NC
Reports form.

The form is divided into four main sections:

Find Bent Pieces in: is a textbox showing


the name of the current element used for
the search.

Filter the Pipe Pieces using: is a selection


of search criteria based on the pipe piece
name, bore range and bending machine

Search Results is a list displaying the


results of the search based on the filters
and CE. The pipe pieces to be reported on
must be highlighted in the list.

Report Options allows the selection of a


file name and location using the Browse
button.

When the form is initially opened a search


is performed without any filters being
applied.

If the Site is selected as the CE when opening


the form or when the CE button clicked, a
confirm form will be displayed.

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The appearance of the form assumes that the Pipe Pieces have been named as described in section
15.2.5. Auto-naming at this stage in the work flow will require the pipes to be validated a second time.

Pipe Pieces can be selected using the cursor in


the Search Results list. The standard use of
Ctrl and Shift keys can be employed to improve
the selection.

The Select All and Clear Selection options are


also available from right click menu over the list.

Once the file name has been selected the information can be output to the file using the Create Report
button.

F.1.1 - Specifying Search Criteria


F.1.1.1- Pipe Piece Name Filter
This allows the filtering of the search to only find Pipe Pieces containing the supplied string in the name. The
use of wildcards (*) can be applied.
For example keying in *01* in to the Pipe Piece
name textbox and clicking the Search button will
achieve the result as shown.

F.1.1.2 Bore Range Filter


This allows a range or single pipe bore to be entered to filter the search. The values entered are included in
the results.
For example to search for pipes of 80 to 150 nominal bore, enter a range
of 80 to 150 and click the Search button.
Alternatively, entering a single pipe size in both fields will result in only
pipes of that bore appearing.

F.1.1.3 Bending Machine Filter


This allows the filtering of the search to only find
Pipe Pieces that can be bent using a particular
fabrication machine. The selection is made from
the Bending Machine options list and the
Search button is clicked.

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F.2 NC Outputs
The following criteria needs to be satisfied for valid outputs to be available:

The pipe must have been through Production Checks process to have a pipe piece list and
member pipe pieces.

The pipe piece must contain a bend

The bend must not be a manual bend

The pipe must be Validated

If the first two criteria are not satisfied the pipe pieces will not be shown on the form.
If the last two criteria are not satisfied the pipe pieces will appear on the form but the output created will
indicate that the criteria have not been satisfied.
If the pipe piece needs to be validated the grid will indicate this with a FALSE entry in the Valid column and
the Bending Machine column will have an Unset value.
Alternatively, if the pipe piece has been validated but the bend has been designated as a manual bend the
grid will be indicate this with a TRUE entry in the Valid column, but the Bending Machine will again be
Unset.
Clicking the Browse button allows navigation to the desired location and entering of the file name. Click the
Save button to confirm the file name and location.

If the file name has previously been used a Confirm


Save As form is displayed.

Once a location and file name have been specified


using the Browse button and the pipes pieces have
been selected, the Create Report button becomes
active.

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If the file name specified has been used previously,


clicking the Create Report button will result in the
appearance of a Confirm form. Click the Yes button to
overwrite the file.

Another Confirm form will inform that the file has been
created and ask whether it is to be viewed on screen. Click
the Yes button to view the file.

The contents of the file will


then be displayed.

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