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Vocab

Word

Volc
ano

Vocab
Word

Hot
Spo
t

Vocab
Word

Lah
ar

Vocab
Word

Definition

A landform, usually cone-shaped, produced by a collection of erupted material


around a vent, or opening, in the surface of the earth and through which gas and
erupted material pass.
Sentence using the word must demonstrate that you
understand the word
The Hawaiian Volcanic Islands were created by hotspots.

Definition

A localized zone of melting in the mantle that is relatively stationary and over which
a plate travels.
Sentence using the word must demonstrate that you
understand the word
The Hawaiian Volcanoes were created by hotspots but some volcanoes
were not.

Definition

Mud or debris flow composed of volcanic material, debris, and water that flows
down from a volcano, typically along a river valley.

Sentence using the word must demonstrate that you


understand the word
During the Mt. St. Helens eruptions thick lahars were created that toppled
trees.

Definition
Lava that flows quickly over the surface of the earth and can cover a wide
area.

Lav
a
Flow

Vocab
Word

Lav
a
Do
me

Sentence using the word must demonstrate that you


understand the word
Shield volcanoes have lots of lava flows since they are not very likely to
erupt explosively at all.

Definition
A steep-sided dome that forms at the top of a volcano when thick,
relatively cold, magma emerges from the volcanic opening.
Sentence using the word must demonstrate that you
understand the word
In Mt. St. Helens a lava dome began to form.

Vocab
Word

Definition
The tendency to resist flow; a property of liquids and semi-liquids.
Sentence using the word must demonstrate that you
understand the word
In an explosion of Mount Krakatoa there was a lot of silica which gave the
lava a high viscosity.

Vocab
Word

Definition
A small, bowl-shaped hole that forms when rock explodes from a volcano
during an eruption.

Visc
osit
y

Cra

ter

Sentence using the word must demonstrate that you


understand the word
Mt. St. Helens' crater had a lava dome growing in it.

Vocab
Word

Definition
A small (less than 400 m high) cone-shaped volcano made of broken
rocks of hardened lava, called cinders, that accumulate around the
volcanic vent.
Sentence using the word must demonstrate that you
understand the word
Anuk Krakatau is a cinder cone in Indonesian Islands.

Vocab
Word

Definition
A wide, broadly sloping volcano that forms from low-viscosity lava. It is
the largest of volcanoes.
Sentence using the word must demonstrate that you
understand the word
The hawaiian volcanoes are shield volcanoes.

Vocab
Word

Definition
A volcano that forms from alternating eruptions of viscous lava and
broken rock and ash. It is steep near the summit and flat toward the
base.

Cin
der
Con
e
Volc
ano

Shi
eld
Volc
ano

Co
mp

osit
e
Volc
ano

Sentence using the word must demonstrate that you


understand the word
Mount Krakatau was a composite volcano that blew itself up.