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Main Idea &

Supporting Details
http://www.powershow.com/view/3b752f-ODEyY/Main_Idea_Supporting_Details_powerpoint_ppt_presentation

Main Idea
The main idea is the big point
or the most important idea that
the writer is communicating to
the reader.
Often the reader can find the
main idea just by looking at the
title.
For example, a passage titled:
Why Students Should Have Less
Homework will include reasons
for that idea.
Readers Journey page 178

Wash Publishing Co. 2009

Whats the Point?


Read this short paragraph:

Engineers create wealth for society. So,


tennis is a game and the resources of
the earth are scarce. Have you gone
mad? Thus the only solution is to
educate the public on being socially
responsible.
DID THIS MAKE SENSE?????

OF COURSE NOT!!!
It didnt have a MAIN IDEA!
We would go crazy if texts were written
like this all the time.
It was difficult to understand because it
was made of different ideas that did not
link. There was no common thread.
The good news is that normal passages
have main ideas!

Main Idea
ma

Main Idea - is like the heart


of the text or a paragraph.
It is the controlling idea.
All the other supporting details in the
text or within a paragraph should tell us
more about the main idea.

Ask Yourself.
WHO or WHAT
is this passage
about?
Wash Publishing Co. 2009

The Topic Sentence


Many paragraphs have topic
sentences that indicate the main
idea.
Find the topic sentence in this
paragraph:

Homeless people have many


problems. In winter, its hard to
stay warm and it gets too hot in
summer. Its also hard to keep
things safe without a home.
Worst is the lack of privacy.

Supporting Details
Supporting details prove the
value of the main idea. What
are they here?
Homeless people have many
problems. In winter, its hard
to stay warm and it gets too
hot in summer. Its also hard to
keep things safe without a
home. Worst is the lack of
privacy.

Stated and Implied Main Idea


Sometimes, a paragraph has a stated main idea
usually in the topic sentence. This means the
paragraph says what the main idea is.
Sometimes, a paragraph doesnt have a stated
main idea, but has an implied main idea. This
means that you need to state the main idea in
your own words because it doesnt actually say
it in the paragraph. Lets take a look at two
examples

The students had fun on their field trip. They


Visited the Marine Museum. They were able
to tour a tug boat and they bought souvenirs
in the gift shop. After the tours they ate a
picnic lunch in the park and played with their
friends.

The underlined portion of the sentence is the


main idea and is stated for the reader.

The Native Americans used the trees to build


their houses. They hunted and trapped animals
in the forest for food. They found roots and
berries that they could eat. Some plants found
in the forest were used for medicine.

In this paragraph, the main idea isnt stated.


However, by reading the paragraph, the reader
can determine the main idea: Native Americans
used resources in the forest to survive.

Too much information


All of the sentences in a paragraph should
support the main idea of that paragraph.
Information that does not support the main
idea does not belong in the same paragraph.
Take a look at the example on the next slide.
Find the extra information that does not
support the main idea

Maria offered to help her mother clean the


house. She vacuumed the living room and
dusted the furniture. She picked up the toys
in the playroom. She ate a ham sandwich for
lunch. Then, she mopped the kitchen floor.
Which sentence does not support
the main idea?

Find the sentence that does not


support the main idea
Winter provides the opportunity for many
outdoor activities. Many people enjoy ice
skating on a pond. Swimming in the pond in
summer can also be fun. Skiing can be a
thrilling experience too. After a new snowfall,
you can even build a snowman!

You try it
The rain forest is home to many creatures.
Monkeys, toucans and macaws live in the rain forest.
Butterflies and anteaters also live in the rain forest.
What is the main idea?

A) Sloths and tapirs are other creatures that live in the rain forest.
B) The rain forest is home to many creatures.
C) Monkeys, toucans and macaws live in the rain forest.

Try another
Soccer players learn many skills when playing
soccer. Soccer players learn how to dribble and pass
the ball. They also learn how to control the ball so
they can eventually score. Most importantly, soccer
players learn how to work together with their
teammates.
What is the main idea?

A) They also learn how to control the ball so they can eventually score.
B) Soccer players learn how to dribble.
C) Soccer players learn many skills when playing soccer.

Lets do one more


Swimming is one thing that can be done at the
beach. Snorkeling is another thing that can be
enjoyed. Playing beach volleyball can be a lot of
fun. It is also fun to look for shells. Some people
simply like to sunbathe.
What is the implied main idea?

NowWrite your own paragraph about a topic that


interests you. Underline the main idea sentence. If
you have extra time, add an illustration.

In Radiology case at March 10th 2016 (Page 20-23);


Incidental Anterior Cruciate Ligament Calcification: Case Report
Written by: Hisami Hayashi, Hans Fischer
Department of Radiology, UCLA Harbor Medical, Torrance, USA

CASE REPORT

Para-1

Para-2

Para-3

An 82-year-old male with a history of hypertension, diabetes and unconfirmed asbestosis


was a restrained driver in a motor vehicle accident. The patient presented with lacerations to his
face, right upper and lower extremities. The patient was found to have sustained a tibial plateau
fracture and a non-operable right transverse process fracture at L2 and L3. In addition to the
comminuted Schatzker II fracture of the lateral right tibial plateau with depression,
chondrocalcinosis and severe joint disease, calcification of the anterior cruciate ligament was
found. The patient did not report knee trauma prior to his motor vehicle accident and
presentation to the emergency room, he stated only that he was a retired brick layer with to-beexpected joint pain.
On admission, antero-posterior and lateral radiographs of the right knee demonstrated the
tibial plateau fracture (figure 2). A CT of his lower extremity revealed a comminuted fracture of
the lateral right tibial plateau with depression, chondrocalcinosis of the medial meniscus, severe
degenerative disease and calcification of the anterior cruciate ligament (figure 1).
Shortly thereafter, the patient underwent open reduction internal fixation of his tibial
plateau fracture. Submeniscal arthrotomy revealed a medially displaced lateral meniscus with
displaced and depressed fracture fragments some of which were intraarticular. Fragments were
pinned, a lateral tibial plateau periarticular nonlocking plate was implanted and lateral meniscus
was repositioned and sutured in place. Provided the various traumatic injuries the anterior
cruciate ligament calcification could not be appreciated. Unfortunately, pathological tissue could
not be acquired for histological examination.

In Radiology case at March 10th 2016 (Page 20-23);


Incidental Anterior Cruciate Ligament Calcification: Case Report
Written by: Hisami Hayashi, Hans Fischer
Department of Radiology, UCLA Harbor Medical, Torrance, USA
CASE REPORT (contd)

Para-3

Blood tests performed during his 7 day hospital stay revealed normal range calcium at 9.2
mg/dL. The patient had normocytic anemia with hemoglobin of approximately 10 gm/dL.
Glucose ranged from 136 to 201 in the setting of acute trauma. The patient developed a mild
leukocytosis following his operation which normalized. Hematologic and biochemical tests were
otherwise within normal limits.

Para-4

Antero-posterior and lateral radiographs of the right knee following the procedure
demonstrated the tibial plateau fracture in near anatomic alignment with hardware in place
(figure 2).

Para-5

Following the surgery, the patient was able to perform range of movement exercises
without difficulty and basic transfer of weight exercises with minimal assistance. The patient
refused acute inpatient rehabilitation and so was discharged. He failed to return 2 weeks after
discharge to orthopedic clinic for wound check and staple removal. As such, delayed postprocedure imaging could not be attained.