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BRAIN COMPUTER INTERFACE

SEMINAR REPORT 16

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
First and foremost I would like to thank the lord almighty for his infinite grace
and help, without which this seminar would not have reached its completion.
I am grateful to thank our PRINCIPAL, Dr. S.I MANJUR BASHA for his
timely support extended throughout the seminar.
I would like to express my sincere thanks to our HoD, Mrs. PRAVEENA K for
her help and guidance through the seminar.
I sincerely thank our Seminar Coordinator, Ms. DHANYA KRISHNAN for her
instructions and guidance.
My words cant count the source , motivation and the inspiration that my Guide,
Ms. KAVITHA N rendered me, without whom the entire seminar would not have been
possible.
Any seminar would not be successful if it does not rely on the reference material.
In this context I wish to express profound sense of gratitude to all teaching and nonteaching staffs of our college for giving me supportive environment in the college..

Prime College of Engineering

Dept of CSE

BRAIN COMPUTER INTERFACE

SEMINAR REPORT 16

ABSTRACT
Telepresence is a matter of degree. Rarely will a Telepresence system provide such
comprehensive and convincing stimuli that the user perceives no differences from actual
presence. But the user may set aside such differences, depending on the application.
Telepresence systems aimed at corporate customers are commercialized by such
companies as Digital Video Enterprises (DVE), BrightCom, Cisco, Telanetix, and Polycom.
Prices range from tens to hundreds of thousand dollars. These systems include multiple
microphones, speakers, high-definition monitors, cameras, and often dedicated networks and
custom-made studios. They strive to be as transparent to users as possible by providing life-size
videos, imperceptible transmission delays, and user-friendly interfaces.

Prime College of Engineering

Dept of CSE

BRAIN COMPUTER INTERFACE

SEMINAR REPORT 16

TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER

TITLE

PAGE

NO

1
2

NO
i
ii
v
vi
vii
vii
1
3

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
ABSTRACT
LIST OF FIGURES
LIST OF TABLES
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
REFERENCE
INTRODUCTION
LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1 BRAIN COMPUTER INTERFACE AND ITS TYPES - A
STUDY

2.2. BRAINCOMPUTER INTERFACES FOR


COMMUNICATION AND CONTROL

2.3. EEG MOUSE:A MACHINE LEARNING-BASED BRAIN


3
4

COMPUTER INTERFACE
BRAIN COMPUTER INTERFACE
THE NATURE OF EEG

9
12
14

BASIC BCI ELEMENTS

16

5.1. THE INPUT

16

5.2. THE NEURON

16

5.3. THE BRAIN

18

5.4. BRAIN ACTIVITY MEASUREMENT

20

5.5. EEG

22

5.6. BRAIN GATE

24

5.7. DARPA
BCI APPLICATIONS

26
27

ADVANTAGES

28

Prime College of Engineering

Dept of CSE

BRAIN COMPUTER INTERFACE

8
9
10

SEMINAR REPORT 16

DISADVANTAGES
FUTURE ENHANCEMENTS
CONCLUSION

Prime College of Engineering

29
30
32

Dept of CSE

BRAIN COMPUTER INTERFACE

SEMINAR REPORT 16

LIST OF FIGURES

FIGURE
NO
1.1
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
3.1
4.1
5.1
5.2

TITLE

PAGE

Schematic diagram of a BCI system


Representation of a BCI
Basic design and operation of any BCI system

A block diagram for the suggested syste


Electrode Positions for the C3, Cz, and C4 channels

Basic BCI layout


Electrode placement
Overview of the neuron
Cross-cut of the head: only the green neuronal activity can be

NO
2
4
7
9
10
12
14
17

5.3
5.4
5.5

measured using EEG


Brain overview
Homunculus: body drawn over sensorimotor cortex
Overview of the spatial/time resolution of various

18
19
20

5.6

measurement techniques
Subject one with EEG cap

20
23

Prime College of Engineering

Dept of CSE

BRAIN COMPUTER INTERFACE

SEMINAR REPORT 16

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
BCI

BRAIN COMPUTER INTERFACE

MMI

MIND MACHINE INTERFACE

ALS

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

VEP

visual evoked potential

CNS

CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM

AAR

Automatic Artifact Removal

EEG

Electroencephalography

PET

Positron Emission Tomography

fMRI

functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging

BOLD

Blood Oxygen Level Dependent

DARPA

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

Prime College of Engineering

Dept of CSE

BRAIN COMPUTER INTERFACE

SEMINAR REPORT 16

REFERENCES
1. Brain Computer Interface And Its Types - A Study Anupama.H.S1,
N.K.Cauvery2,

Lingaraju.G.M3

1,2Department

of

Computer

Sc.

and

Engineering, R. V. College of Engg., Bangalore, India 3 Department of


Information Sc., M. S. Ramaiah Institute of Tech., Bangalore, India
2. BrainComputer Interfaces For Communication And Control Jonathan R.
Wolpawa,b,*, Niels Birbaumerc,d, Dennis J. McFarlanda, Gert Pfurtschellere,
Theresa M. Vaughan
3. Eeg Mouse:A Machine Learning-Based Brain Computer Interface - Mohammad
H. Alomari, Ayman AbuBaker, Aiman Turani, Ali M. Baniyounes, Adnan
Manasreh Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, Applied Science
University P.O. Box 166, Amman 11931 Jordan
4. http://www.nicolelislab.net/NLnet_Load.html
5. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7-cpcoIJbOU
6. http://www.en.wikipedia.com/braincomputerinterface

Prime College of Engineering

Dept of CSE