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COMPREHENSIVE

Culture

Physical

BY

JENNESS

MABEL

"

and

stream

moral

life and

rise

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faculties

activity

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be

higher

stronger

Mabel

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than

its
the

source,
source

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from

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which

Jenness

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BECKTOLD

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ST.

LOUIS,

1892.

MO.

CO,,

the

mental

they derive

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Copyright,
By

MABEL

1891

JENNESS

PREFACE

following

T^HE
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book

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such

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feminine

parade

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to

of

believe

existence.

suffering

are

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women

to

is

colleges

health

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been

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know,

female

of

Northern

education

over-taxed
to

feeling

inevitable.

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she

character

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girls

system

to

the

women

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I

studied

remembered
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garding
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girls should

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be

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of children,

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most

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interest

new

education

many

hot-house

for
make

to

schoolroom,

more

California,

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be

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health

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fession
con-

the

vii

Preface,

of

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of

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teach

to

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mothers

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countrywomen.

for

their

in

should

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tionalities,
conven-

lives.

her

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to

see

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influence

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exercise

co-operation

conscious

being

education

lost

girl's system,

of

the

our

one-sided

to

schools

feel

do

forces

rush

mad

wonderful

to-day,

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grand

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life

the

need

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and

growing

pioneer

from

which,

devitalizing

study

deeply

girls

girl's

the

the

be

to

creeds

in

years

if

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in

of

ignore

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the

force

wasted

of

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testify only

establishment

and

like

of

needs

emancipate

two

enforced

the

respect

the

healthful

price

physical

should

to

without

the

which

physical

beyond

sapping

called

the

note

know

to

are

was

diplomas

organism.

own

that

halt

and

land,

giris,

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for

ripe

recognize

the

grand

are

is

time

The

that

and

culture,

the

influences

making

are

of

of

many

the

is time

girls

schools

and

seminaries

this

effort, and

subject

assured

for

where

and

of

my

of

their

young

CONTENTS.

I.

11.

Culture,

Physical

Systems

Gymnastics,

of

34
.....

III.

Fencing

Swimming,

Rowing,

Riding,

Horseback

Dancing,

AND

43
.....

IV.

Hygiene

Skin

the

of

Treatment

and

Complexion,
V.

VI.

59

77

Baths,

Breathing,

"

VII.

the

of

Theories,

General

95

103
.....

Position,

Standing

Correct

VIII.

.110
.

IX.

Exercises,

Poising

115

Exercises,

Bending

Exercises,

Elongating

135

XIII.

Diaphragmatic

The

and

Hand

and

XV.

Vocal

and

164
.

166

Arm,

Elegant

Chest

Throat,

Gymnastics,

Correct

Exercises,

Abdominal

XIV.

XII.

.123

XL

X.

180

Bust,

and

187

Carriage,
.

XVI.

Miscellaneous

Exercises,

202
....

XVII.

Miscellaneous

Suggestions,

209
.

PHYSICAL

nPHERE

physical
decade

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the

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realize

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baths,

remained

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the

ble
fashiona-

mental

of

physical
the

and

show

formerly

rooms

able

that

ed
regardoped.
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intellectually

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is

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modern

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questions
of

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and

meeting,

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discussions

the

advancement

annual

consideration

fashionable

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fifth

its

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of

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when

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indications

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are

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teachers

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muscular

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outgrown,

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development.
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or

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functions,

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such

flesh

physical

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harmonious

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present.

society.

ascetic

science

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exhibitions,

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against

body

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form,

leaven

respect

ignored

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to

new

fighter's skill,

prize

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generations

past

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learned

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taught

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"fads"

popular

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Ctdhtre,

Physical

lo

as

from
of

wisdom

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to

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with

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participated

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students.

and

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old

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are

daily

for

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compulsory,

in

of

degree

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existed

true,

colleges, and

and

made

with

has

education

physical

educators

is

it

have,

of

subject

public

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Gymnasiums
larger

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body
ties.
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regime

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Ctdtm^e.

Physical

12

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prac-

development.

in

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refined

his

the

want

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and

body
made

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vehicle

eternally

Greek,

unity

reveals

equal
co-

human

the

more

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exercises.

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in

fleshly
is

the

something

sculpture
;

what

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the

was

attainment

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"

for

thought

beauty.

Grecian

thought

reverence

education

perfection

physical

on

his

This

muscular

sacrifice

physical

lead

to

beautiful."

imperishably
which

To

the

and

body,

and

men

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believed

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attained,

of

race

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to

be

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directed

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either

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sports

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the

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their

and

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fold
three-

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evolution.
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its

therefore,

for

physical

possession
considered

beauty
was

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entered

sought
cultivation

into

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religion

by all classes,
of

the

and

physical

of the

one,

no

as

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Culture,

Physical

undignified

unworthy

or

sought
and

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part

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physical

strength
associated

art.

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of

were

always

the

of

training,

race

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of

same

respecting

for

its

them

as

laws

have

had

mony
har-

in

and

thus

it

was

physical beauty
ideals

highest

for

of

men

heroes

of

in

ancient

art

has

inspiration.
women

as

of

war,

of

not

believed

for

turned

produce

in

in

her

these

into

the

study

perfection.

the

were

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of

cause
be-

or

power

but

the

and

the

fold
threemodels

modern

intellectually vigorous,
as

religion

muscular

time

must

human

in

early history,

its

beautiful

of

sports

early nations,

ideas

marked

universally
enter

the

value

its

ever

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athletic

all

possibilitieswith

its

and

men

enthusiasm

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Greek

sought

was

people

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physically strong,
the

of

world

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hand

was

work,

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characterized

world's

and

philosophy

times

the

to

strength,

great

alone

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exercise

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men

and

give

to

beside

nations

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studied

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form.

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but

had

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expression

whole

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gods

powers.

study.

chest
of

of

the

thought.

oneness

to

favor

all

this

face, the

the

was

perfection

gave

Greek

human

love

it

of

central

the

of

expression

of

result

the

figure portrayed

with

because

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phers,
philoso-

poets,

the

win

to

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development

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produced

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Orators,

occupation.
possible

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13

as

Greeks,
present
women

Culture

Physical

14

it

regard

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part

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result

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pass

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to

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physique

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be

to

rences
occur-

of

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leges
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ors
instruct-

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point

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as

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in

European

candidate

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famous

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centres

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savant

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physical
or

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professor

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is desired.

health, development
of

taining
per-

cities

larger

list of

required

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physical
persons

schools

public

our

culture;
of

knowledge

personal

to

thorough

intellectual

to

teachers

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and

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were

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false-

laws.

disobeyed
for

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physically

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own

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questions

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ern
gov-

and

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both

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over

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health

of

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talk

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work

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study

to

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people, though

two

diseased,

of

their

understood

for

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of

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conditions

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as

as

taining
per-

tion
educa-

and

culture
looks

for

of

female

to

Ciilhi7^e.

Physical

And

college?
grades

find

mental

and

moral

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work,

become

physically

which

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is not

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if

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to

teach

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a

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child

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work

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down

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of

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gymnastics
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result
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of

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it wins

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teacher

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should

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her

employed

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factor

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labors.

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any
in

limited

themselves

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in

it

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of

development
upon

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to

be

take

women

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ability

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students.

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calisthenics.

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prominent

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of

as

employment

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and

lacking

persons

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cities, in

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of

mentally

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and

ages
well

as

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development

respect

indeed

profession,"

support

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physical

teachers

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physical

progressive

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nor

kind

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expression,

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29

self-conscious.

become

class

Ctitture.

are

as

not

occasion

Culture,

Physical

30

they

demand,

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training

muscular

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consideration

the

and

development

of

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women.

incapable

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organization

in

apart

set

American

of

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development

its

31

tint

dingy

manifestations

physical

delicate

the

girls

because

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CtUture.

affected, but

Want

of

but

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activity of
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Comte,

Auguste

became

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tions

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is

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physical

the

melanchoHa

and

hypochondria

of

Ctilture,

Physical

32

parent

the

shame,

half-proudly
ills transmitted

ought

child.

unborn

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physical

allude

to

to

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health

offspring.

II

OF

SYSTEMS

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neces-

power

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movements

rest

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head

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^nd
laws

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asked

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GYMNASTICS.

body

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regularly

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will

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and

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for

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35

which
desired

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ity
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suppose
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Systems

36

the

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expense

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wands

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the

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law

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height

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rise

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Systems

40

figure, for

Lilliputian

much

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parts.

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lose

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legs

arms,

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or

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of

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stitutes.
sub-

every

Systems

42

of

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the

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subject

physical

of

science

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principle"

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students

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III.

HORSE-BACK

FENCING

TT

has

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history
that

times

America

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DANCING.

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SWIMMING,

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ride

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exercise

Horse-back

44

increase
stimulated
well

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desire

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ambition

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of

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disease

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pleasures

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say'that

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gained
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45

hesitate

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ment
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the

the
the

pom-

Horse-back

46

mel

when

have

be

to

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allowed
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hang
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off

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of

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only
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ridmg.
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man

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instead

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mode

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of

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side

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cus-

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comfortable,
a

47

continued

side-saddles

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few

sides,

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side

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would

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seem

for

riding

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it.

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and

the

question

physiological effects
suggested

on

from

of
this

Horse-back

48

that

serious

results

of

developed,
hygienic
As

ride.

familiar

been

theirs,

they begin

undesirable,

do

as

health.

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present

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be

surprised

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of

women

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at

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longer

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for

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erects

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all women,
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which

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willing

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propriety

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travel,

exercise

regardless

and

of

conditions

of

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done

health

all

traditions

its

longer

no

physical

astride

women

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are

comfort,

over

freedom

have

always

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reach

not

love

to

man,

heretofore

considered

is

unfeminine.

as

does

women

the

all

have

form

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women

life of

and

study

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to

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broader
than

has

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in

before, into

never

though

ambition

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its

as

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interests

love

culture

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way

share

to

develop

one-sided

has

since

and

physical

and

conventional

physical well-being.

produces

however,

years,

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wider

inquire,

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effect

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interest

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not

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for

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are

of

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often

Horse-back

50

the

receive
the

horse

horse

as

on

full

the

conventional

at

the

slightest

to

wear

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bicycle,

without

girl

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tered
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it is

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jump

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sensible

no

of

she

latter

one.

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riding, hygienically

healthful

most

of

entire

circulation
form

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being.

life

out-of-door

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with

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complexion
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itself

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than

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ened
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it

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"

daily practice

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the

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movements,
of

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generally practiced
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deprived

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life, through
this

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should

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with

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is

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to

previously explained,
by

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way

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this

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riding.

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ing.
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greatly

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boat's

Dancing.

affected

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of

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Swimming,

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crew

51

livers.

torpid
known

ever

be

to

bilious.

strengthens,

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and

leads

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develop
and

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need

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and

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ning
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same

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pleasures

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regarded

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young

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in

rowing

to

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have
it

swimming
in

more

often,

swimming.

for

culture

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to

of

pleasures

well-educated

it may

stomachs.

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tabooed

physical

weak

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one

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fatigue.

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accomplishment,
that

is

results,

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of

of

point

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to

firmness

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diaphragmatic

cure

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upon

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organs

calculated

larger, though

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judiciously,
a

shoulder.

hands

power.

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make

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wrist

respirator)^

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of

expansion

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the

moreover,

life

Neptune

as

benefits.

and

exercise

must

it

is

true,

is worth

Horse-back

52

whole

of

course

remember,
the

or

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physical

exercise.

from

They

are

all

their

and

is, withal,

beyond

days

powers

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of
the

to

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is

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its

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act

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culture

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emergency.

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of

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portance
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all

physical being.

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to

and

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ways

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ming
swim-

in

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it

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but

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school

or

of

Swimming

tested

to

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flatten-

of

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development,

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and

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for

and

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these

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legs

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gymnasium

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accompanying

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increases

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of

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admirable,

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is

waves.

of

bath

widest

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apart

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artificial

swimming
exercise

advocate

swimming

arms

the

school.
I

with

encounters

decry

possible

Riding,

of

form

many

ages,

either

of

beneficial.

upon

and

exercise,

is

fencing.

the

others

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no

strengthen

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muscles,

the

muscular

first

have

form

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of
mental

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of

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mind

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Salute,"

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glow

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after

sparkling

eyes

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study

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action.

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women

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of

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body

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of

"

muscular

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revivification

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erect,

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operation
co-

shoulders.

upon

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for

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in

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tion
cultiva-

motions

taken

quick

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are

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the

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opment.
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for

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physical instruction,

the

of

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desirable

more

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chest, and

to

fatiguing

is

sole

53

strength

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so

of

as

up

exercise

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it

course

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in

the

attitudes

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hence

Dancing.

tests

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and

Fencing

Swimining,

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age

entire
that

to

of

in

and

tem.
sys-

they
attain

youth

Horse-back

54

have

the

found

the

charms

the

of

which

No

beneficial

and

is

woman

is

it

physiological

rarely

Rowing,

wonderfully

life.

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exercise

early

of

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Riding,

wasted

repairs

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profitable

more

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standpoint,

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old

too

ever

much

in

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tissues, or

of

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suit,
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cine,
medi-

flabby

up

muscles.

lose

Women

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than

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oftener

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observed.

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ugly,

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of

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natures

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characteristic

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pleasures

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stateliness

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of

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walk

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never

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frivolous

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this

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thought

popular

points,

to

faithfully practiced

enjoy,

to

given

dancing,

day.

as

young

had

and

as

the

55

themselves

which

practices
and

grace

Dancing.

old, kept

grow

those

of

youth,

of

years

to

seem

continuance

mid

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tion
ques-

requires

revision.

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of

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matrons

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but

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practice

directly traced.

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assert

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Socrates
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the
it

childhood
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to

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health

innocent

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improvements

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dances.

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pleasures

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is

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national

dancing

many

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healthful

as

part

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favor

and

dancers,

of

art

not

means

philosophers,

the

in

as

grace

and

circumstances

well

as

in

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greatness.

morals,

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have

regarded

was

Statesmen

were

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Athenian

form

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all

to

of

and

it

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nation's

and

the

making

of

dancing

and

practice

education.

are

Its

immediate,

intelligent, wellhealth

may

be

Horse-back

56

the

In

of

complicated

human

well-poised
attitudes

to

such

physical

of

of

the

In

muscular

entire

body

part

of

the

body

from

known

as

and

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dance

It

is

of

tend

chests

and

mance
perforshall

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body

head

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of

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angularities
the

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action

of

readily

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frees

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sympathetic

rigidity

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conspicuous

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successful

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depressed

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freedom

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give

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from

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rhythm
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Greeks

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motion.

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marvels

and

of

Horse-back

58

Correctly

with

practised

air,

pure

accessories,

the

as

early

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capable

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hygienic

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and

brain

the

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of

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to

and

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expressed

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respect

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Greece,

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Greek

human

reverence

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IV.

OF

HYGIENE

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SKIN

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time,

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Hygiene

62

patients.
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Hygiene

64

physiologist

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skin

delightful

sufficient

the

For

bath,

pint

bath

quantity

should

hot

skin

followed

make

giene
hy-

commended,

of

most

of
It

healthy

if

water.

form

physicians.

proportion
after

the

the

traceable

rules

be

to

in

foe

important

will

and

rose-water

appearance

tonic

the

surface

water

fatal

possess

beneficial

entire

in

friction

not

most

the

in

to

most

is

the

of

water,

order

and

skin, and

frequently

are

the

face

is

women

Daily

bath

use

the

complexion,

of

one

adding

most

observed.

warm

soft

milky

requires

with

systems.

placed

by

recommended
the

skin

judicious

bran

had

produce
which

the

agreeably
be

the

rubbing

of

bag

of

is

body
of

use

although
a

worn

rigidly

entire

by

as

beautiful

clear,

must

of

corset

result

habits, inactive

eating
of

by

the

the

upon

discolorations

cause

Disorders

and

skin,

also

eruptions

injudicious

by

caused

infrequently

not

are

often

is

complexion

to

bath

favorably

to

skin

alcohol

is

be

added

to

six

quarts

of

to

spray

the

the

tissues

Hygiene

66

To
the

the

keep

should

body

while

taken

be

body

Cold-water
bear

but

than

to

by the

increased
when
is

body
of

bathing

kinds

of

what

bathing

form

spots

regulation

influence
be

meat

of the

physicians

staple

article

influence

desire

and

of food

is another

man's

that

is

the

skins.

cause

each

and

determine

true,

to

of

with
that

long

be

be

ugly
"what

hence
be

must

should

and

It is said
oftentimes

and

so

tion
indiges-

causes

however,

poison,"

oat-meal,

whole

complexion

complexion

judgment

food, is unhealthy

clear

the
different

of

can

which

the

mar

It

declare

effects

the

upon

Anything

individual

forms

beneficial.

most

torpid,

all

the

over-tax

system

own

wrinkles.

diet

Many

all who

skin

the

be

As

water

not

body

ening
strength-

fully considered,

her

written.

the

of

of
be

do

baths

more

be

is most

of

to

can

over-quantities.

which

will

the

action

which

in

every

enough

invigorate

absorption

on

will

produce

man's

one

bath

the

by

needs

the

make

and

the

chapter

bath

might

will

is

the

of

Regarding
volumes

of ammonia,

the

knowing

one

addition

commendable

are

In

Their

with

strong

healthful

it.

be

air.

to

cleanse

should

room

those

for

calculated

to

This

ventilated
and

that

important

bath.

air

an

light

to

and

is, moreover,

well

are

added

not

Skin

beneficial

are

strengthened

system.

in

exposed

they

it

daily

given

baths

them,

rather

healthy,

exercising

the

of

part

skin-

the

of

exercised.

considered

eschewed

over-heating

pimples

the

in

upon

the

by
in

its

face

other

and

of

of

body.

parts

The

opinion.

disease

in

To
of

of

well

as

few

laughing

as

and

dimples,
lack

attractions, become

hide

at

and

deep

after
the

seek

rigid

exercise.

They

their

eyes

their

complexion

were

very

is

said

to

of

dimple,

as

of

one

have

charm

studied

bathed

aver,
in

by

to

use

which

cheek

becomes

beauties

diet

they might
wrinkling
Often

kept
of

her

rain-water
she

long

observed

bathing,

from

beauty

milk,

as

of

skin

the

playing

age.

blurred.

famous

fresh, rounded

indenture,

whereby

becoming

One

the

of
in

heavy

past, have

matters

arts

preservation

pallid

were

their

dimming,
from

supple figure, and

in

of

the

bright coloring,

famous

been

all

in

thin

price

for

stiff and

little

line

more

have

regime

records

the

the

pay

the

which

coquettish

youthful

simple.

have

regarded

women,

of

to

necessary

itself,in

adding

from

the

so

merable
innu-

prolific cause

Many

sallow, scrawny,

who

years

most

food,

gravies,

must

one

virtue

by

care

the

with

women

the

the

of

difference

no

drinks

gracefully rounded,

bewitching,

furrow,

Those

of

; and

movements

rich

are

self-control.

these

was

beauty

attract

years,

through

cheek

retain

and

then,

their

eating

be

can

pastries,

of

articles

are

there

67

forms.

vigilance, sacrifice

space

There

stimulating

enjoyment

many

possess

Complexio7i.

of which

the

and

the

to

effect

the

indigestible

sweets

essential

the

the

about

however,
of

Ti^eatment

added

the
skin

and

keep
and

arts

tiful,
beau-

another

the

juice

Hygiene

68

the

of

and

Skin

of

crushed
of

made
It

in

found

treatment

sufficient
used

in

cure

wrinkles.

A
the

by the

in

to

Many

favor

with

Nero's

wife

celebrated
skin

liberal

then

cold

on

for

that

they

cannot

may

be

eau

used,
de

Some

not

down

to

arising
is

be

any

cleansing
or

eschew

commended.

but

prevent,
skins

fresh

milk

warm

time

it

has

was

ried
car-

to

the

power

What

some

thoroughly
healthy
faces

are

With

with
of

sensitive

water

warm

by

pure

mode

so

such

increased

few

drops

vinaigre.

altof{ether,

face, but

freely

use

of

retiring with

on

face

there

soap.

life-long study

face

and

French

some

water

the

the

douse

but

in

scientifically

their

made

unquestionably

endure

its

bathe

to

edly
undoubt-

furnished

only

the

of

present.

has

water,

is

not

luke

so

rule

one

cream,

and

has

differ

milk

not

from

the

who

skins,

many

cleansing
to

belles

warm

cologne,
ladies

of

ways
are

of

This

water.

treatment

of

rural

to

no

girls keep

butter-milk,

women

quantity

soap,

of

physician

advises

will

massage,

country

use

skins

oil

cold

and

nature,

with

connection

clear

been

by

the

sleep.

rain-water

skin

dry

for

substitute

quantity

than

that

the

For

of

although

skin,

given.

excellent

an

better

poultices

wore

hours

sensitiveness

and

be

can

the

during

the

others

yet

anything

for

color

texture,

and

if

doubtful

been

ever

milk

and

bread

is

and

strawberries,

such
is

and

mode
known

resort

to

of

treatment

"

as

other

Virginal

Treatment

milk,"

or

with

popular

been

oil

cocoanut

the

as

Almost

oil

some

famous

of

the

in

ointment

for

women

upon

growth

of

live

in

foggy,
cold

or

glands
the

soft

of

have

innumerable

the
soft

oatmeal

there

those

the

climate

clearer, healthier

skins

where

face
and

are

The

pliable.

glands,

intended

is

in

In

cold

or

their

of

water

those

to

the

towards

freely

Women

warm,

who

which

or

live

in

sebacious
is

climates

secretions

quire
re-

who

and

the

all

nutritous

dry.

harsh

aration
prep-

faces

perspire

work,

hard

as

is that

the

handfull

renders

this

sensitive
over-

in

many

those

their

by

to

than

the

faces, it

moist

soft

require

not

face

tendency

are

the

preserve

and

which

for

reason

aided

the

give

skins
which

as

recommended

is

those

care

with

many

Vaseline
be

to

not

in

prevent

belles

also

off"

skins

upon

will

water

skin
do

with

oatmeal,

is

dry regions.

skin

and

rain

and

by washing

face,

hair, nor

countries

of

skins

agreeable.

whose

tissues

Irish

and

the

great

as

the

tities
quan-

climate,

our

oil, but,

they require

delightfully

in

persons

buttermilk

bowl

nutrition

their

such

off

wiped

or

redness.

disagreeable

made
oatmeal

rose-water,

cocoanut

olive, almond,

washed

"

has

rose-water,

retiring,and

absorbed,

Some

69

countries;

upon

nourish

to

of

and

skins, especially

use

beauty

of many

not

or

wrinkles.

Complexion.

benzoin

used

has

all

can

produces

often

are

form

of

of

belles

Florida

cloth.

coming

the

skin

with

morning

in

made

preparation

the

of

to

to

keep
these

purify

Hygiene

JO

the

skin, and

to

and

dryness,

act

washes

The
the

advice

of

resorting

consult

soft

woman

if vaseline

and

it

and

does

woman.

There

treatment

of

One

of

should

these
be

there

according
the
it should
If

the

be

is

the

that
in

wrinkles

to

the

be

are

is

the

be

certain

advertised

and

face

of

the

the

face
forehead

they
be

to

course

of

for

all

of

bathed

should

anointed

or

should

be

they

they

ciples.
prin-

rubbed

be

if

of

women.

scientific

certain

If

the

possession

obeyed

up,

every

for

arbitrary rules

it

all,

beauty,

article

and

one

to

famous

toilet

assume.

rubbed

should

one

best

one

w^henever
with

processes.

recommended

of

the

market

complexion

cultivation

known

on

the

skin,

the

for

with

the

are

the

to

as

safe

the

should

rubbed

cheeks

it

direction

forehead

of

cannot

accordance

part

some

advertised

upon

also

so

cosmetic

and

should

lower

are

and

however,

skin,

rubbed

The
If

the

of

need

by alleged chemical

it

only

that

are,

which

beauty

the

roughness

accordance

creams

glycerine keeps

follow

not

in

treatment

healthy,
is

the

physician

Because

pursued.

of

skin

any

reliable

some

the

extensively

except

Most

to

hence

so

used

the

blemishes,

action.

complexion,

beautifying

Before

be

the

to

of

modes

be

never

and

all

and

ointments

physician.

ruinous

are

and

should

skin

their

Skin

from

readily,

stimulate

to

unguent

free

it

keep
less

the

of

are

are

up.

rubbed

verse,
trans-

vertical

across.

hollow

the

action

of

the

muscles

may

Treatment

be

stimulated
the

of

corners

rapidly

that
is

who

understands

the

made

and

rough

will
is

be

complexion

The

face

gently

be

made

Gently

induced.

often

stimulate

and

the

highly injurious, it
by

temporary

flannel

health

as

of

life

provided

water

is best

being

many

to

avoid

always

as

subject

for

an

the
The
I

have
bing
Rub-

treatment.

delightful glow,

beauty.
one

to

toilet

changes

for

the

all

possibility of

furnished

castor

caused

brilliancy, but
such

all

skins.

sensitive

produces
well

of

remedy

has

water

spoiled by
a

conditions

hot

on

with

agreeable

an

under

bad

anointment

nightly

of

skins

skins

locality where

skin

masseur,

will

continues

not

use

receive

lovely

some

the

by

wrinkles

may

gives

be

will

face

vails
pre-

specialty, and

skin

will

which

improved

of

several
the

the

in

with

face

the

wrinkles

of

science

intelligent manipulation

the

or

be

impression

studied

of

efficacious, if

an

multiplication

known

be

complexion

skin.

unhealthy

not

the

also

may
is

as

appearance.
a

oil, which

and

anatomy,

hollows

Sometimes

treatment

that

must

and

coarse,

its

improve

fact

treatment

its

the

pinching

the

it

there

(for

the

forward

faces

ing
draw-

as

and

cadaverous

muscle

required), but

has

backward

massage,

of

strength

who

to

Thin

such

movements

mouth

notwithstanding

massage,

When

the

scientific

by

Complexion.

physical

possible.

as

improved

and

certain

by

the

of

with

some

might

of

prove

detriment

means

of

Hygiene

72

cleansing
with

has

nature's

cosmetics.

freckles

and

produced

the

in

in

connection

to

causes

which

of

from

the
be

can

kept

of

the

skin

and

the

signs

of

The

lines
of

forty

the
in
when

disease,
brain

years

work

or

of

mental

or

the

lines

eye

and

are

diet, facial
the

into

face

nourished

is

wrinkles

transverse

unfailing

are

early

an

lines.

indicate

age

anxiety.
feet

crow's

"

unhappiness.
age,

the

at

mouth

ment
impoverish-

proper

prematurely

appear

extends

already

of

rubbed

The

consequence.

vertical

from

the

of

sideration.
con-

to

movement

by

and

cream

due

which

result

well

cream

they

but

about

health

of

use

plump

lessened

be

can

the

forehead,

excessive

at

system

the

due

surgical

angles

the

from

considered

wrinkle

skin

are

is

be

to

to

considered

Moles

often,

the

as

appear

result

appearance

by

the

be

to

of

subject

they

and

need

years

healthful

are

health.

toward

nose

which

absorbs

made

require

naso-labial

many

away

and

massage

want

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the

Wrinkles

given.

The

of

sides

they

they

modern

whenever

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special

always

and

most

skins

wind.

general

and

causes,

this

them

by

had

time

rain-water,

for

wrinkles, their

to

stand-points.

many

of

the

require

As

multiplicity

or

system'

with

of

sensitive

annoyed

sun

and

of olden

rival

no

be

the

to

impurities

beauties

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will

exposed

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traveling, bottles

when

them,

sciences

is

famous

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it.

the

of

They
often

seen

be

may

"

in

come

at

caused

most

much

by
faces

earlier

Hygiene

74

which

have

lost
full

alternately
Grief,

sickness,

lines

being
saying

that

those

who

to

belong

inner

of

handsome

Wrinkles

''

thoughts

the

is

former

as

the

of

the

well

outer

as

face

are

but

degenerate

into

God-given

saying

have

man

of

are

spiritual

life

is

the

physical

face.

"

The
be

rarely

can

of

years

applied
that

girlhood,

for

cultivated, the

are

ephemeral.

How

often

ugliness through
graces

old

freshness

and

graces

skilled
There

the

of

as

coloring

own

neglect

Corneille,

on

graven

graven
for

comprehensive,

as

been

volume.

beautiful

the

out-lived

their

the

transpose

and

their

of

read

well

as

only skin-deep

have

as

of

of

leave

printed

spiritual

it when

women

dissipation
To

is

lovely

of

pages

all

easily

as

possession

possess

the

charms

or

the

youth

imperfect circulation,

face,

the

Beauty

"

to

unless

of

insure

to

the

as

culture

and

debauchery,

the

upon

physiognomist
be

through

Skin

thin.

and

anger,

peculiar

must

flesh

the

of

his

his

brow

his

on

deeds,"

brow,

thoughts

are

and

yet

deeds

so

the
far

concerned.
^

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has

beautiful
herself

passions,

said

been

at

to

that

sixteen,

but

blarne,

and

and

ugliness, just

no

any

surely

woman

just

as

not

surely

at

may

plainness

and

fault

beautiful

as

appetites change

uncontrolled

as

is

woman

who

at

is

not

sixty has

neglect, unholy
beauty

dullness

of

to

gross

coloring

Treatment

be

features

and

color

gain

defects

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the

are

much

of

and

wonderful

how

the

being.

entire

it will

To

to

retire

catch

early

sufficiently

first
of

underclothing
treat

are

and

the

skin

positive
beauty.

and

beauty

night,

at

month's
the

the

wholesome

carefully
to

means

the
for

up

each

the

as

in

the

of

an

sleep
brain

It

air

of

complexion
retiring early,

all

countries

of

are

beautifier.
in

morning

it

and

is

revivifies

sun,

frequently,

change

acquirement

of

rising

bathe

day,

luxury

in

salubrious

food,

food.

and

and

energy

sleep

be

Sleep

practicable.

practice

of

life.

circulation

beauties

to

of

rays

the

dull, lifeless

ful
health-

temperament

whenever

seen

of

air, exercise

are

wasted

value

improvements?

habits

nervous

nap

that
the

know

the

physical

exercise, with

the

equalize

have

by

as

restores

found

be

who

women

and

sleep

literally transformed
and

of

mid-day

wonderful

all

in

life

women

possible,
by

hair,

and

the

of

between

bathing, diet, and

healthful

should

body

thinner,

or

complexions
cured

these

regularity

to

as

stouter

difference

the

requisites for

and

essential

Especially
as

be

short,

by

determine.

they

rigid regime

as

in

constitute

dressing
is

lost

"

if

ugliness,

it, regain

75

expression

and

tints

become

may

elasticity

which

Complexion,

pleasing

to

Women
reduce

or

and

grace

changed

resolve.

earnest

the

of

time

to

air

the

frequently,
sun

bath

health,

eat

and

daily,

happiness

Hygiene

76

The

of

preservation

includes

for

care

more

argues

than

perpetuation

of

health

the

of

disease.

discords

physical

function

every

the

the

of

gratification

and

the

Skin,

charms

of

is

the

of

ultimate

etc.

body,

which

science

and

vanity.

redemption

It

its

study

the

means

from

all

V.

BATHS.

TO

ly

subject
than

study
of

bath

of

for

keep

and

bath

it

re-absorbing
for

from

into

the

The

hygienic
refreshment

When

and

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dition
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hour,

mid-day

85

elements
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than

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86

shine
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years

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those

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years

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with

the

lungs

may

often
the

Rubbing
for

the

elements
oil

strengthen

practice

those

effective

most

of

for

upon
the

is

great

nutritive

and

quality

bath

the

directly

so

anointments.

beneficial

remedial

but

w^as

the

ancients.
called

is

it

Romans

to

acts

chest

what

debilitated; it

are

pores
and

rubbing

most

but

For

medicinal
Thus

The

are

powers

system,

that

the

adjunct

instances.

many

with

to

the

by

constitutes

bath.

valuable

most

times

the

nutrition

giving

well-understood

been

although

of

means

modern

bath,

Roman

as

have

to

seems

Its

oil

of

who

women

desire

eases
dis-

through
oil

is

attain

to

plumpness.
One
attendant

of

the

great

rubbings,

human

hand

mental

being.

capable
One

of

advantages
for
of
of

there

is

giving
the

most

any

bath

magnetic

wonderful

found

is

power

force

delightful

to

features

in
in

vital
of

the
the
and
the

Baths.

90

others

with
such
hot

water,

That

the

without

which

the
the

of

benefits

once

of

Roman

days, the

vigorous

with

delightful
"

liffe

"

of

with

too,
Nor

bath,

the
the

Among
used

to

for

passed

do
and

the

those

its

or

sense

as

by the

of Oriental

women

the

towels,

through
Eastern

thereby

have

may

used

body,
and
the

after
before

destroy

the

hurry
half

its

off

good

strigil

the

perfumed

as

strigil.

is

is

water

carefully

dried

resumed

wood

immediately
effects.

is

soft, fibrous

after

of

surface
fibre

the

clothing

at

by

cocoanut

it is

vapor

of the

entire

ancients

which

is stretched

is removed

been

countries

fragrant

women

of

to

manipulations

its

quantity

off

entrance

body

body

then

main
re-

directly the

Instead

of the
and

parts,

brush,

palm-tree

bathing

scented
is

cuticle

and

the

those

invigorating.

dead

ing
leav-

Throw

receive

the

as

throw

to

Upon

pliable.

here

it receives

so

of

kneading

over

gone

and

bath,

vapor-room

is direct, and
where

the

body

the

important,

most

and

the

let

From

bench

agreeable

so

soft

of

offer.

to

steam-room,

or

in

glass

ready

defeated.

is

vapor
is

and

vapor.

marble

the

skin

shampooing-room

upon

is

of

object

system,

enter

sheet,

the

main

the

the

until

enveloping

the

of

tepidarium

there
the

the

by taking

always

perspire freely

result

impurities

is

mediate,
im-

difficulty,and

its action

attendant

should

with

induced

is

is

perspiration

persons

quicken

to

the

body
such

some

it

is well

it

cases

off

With

experienced.

tions

They

of

it,
aloes.

after

the

remain

Baths,

One

should

and

sleep

rest

can

always

be

bath

bathed

alcohol.

but

cold,

acts

need

taken,
Some

conditions,

thin, the

effect

Russian

action
the
the

system,

one

As

for

such

the

take

bath

remedial

all.

at

of

properties
the

process,

entire

all

body

possibility of

however,

bath

intelligently

the

stout

have

women

but

in

normal

woman

found

grows

As

the

Russian

bath

any

her

upon

of

plump.

direct

should

one

physical

its

physical

establishment

becomes

one

of

because

healthful

other

abnormally

many

is

practically

preliminary
and

perspiratory system
body.

time

to

all

Turkish,

bath

of heat

sufficient

organization

accordingly.

without

comes

like

the

produced

herself

govern

body

the

to

bath

Turkish

toward

thin

gaining flesh,

the

bath,

the

But
is

afte

colds.

while

that

so

the

The

the

or

hour

only prevents
The

to

flesh.

preferable

study

to

sleeping, chatting

an

the

to

not

object

tendency

not

concluding

produce

abnormally

of

means

tonic.

never

its

practices

bath

as

reduce

to

as

half

Unless

adding

This

women

ability

of

way

hiive,

to

least

at

it is better

permitted

is

in

rest

possible.

whenever

delightful

and

couches,

their

upon

entertained.

being

the

indolent

and

languid

by

the

perspiration

should

study

is

the

vapor

treatment

and

steam,

one

under

the

be

deceived

moisture
of

means

form

where

may

artificial

bath,

of

the

bined
com-

as

ing
envelop-

strengthening

bath

wherein

its

Baths.

92

iufluence
vidual

form

the

opinion by

daily

the

is

the

body

and

air

The

of

of

of the

which

friction

while

of

bath

the
the

for

Certain
should

take
be

never

exposed

harm.

for

and

bath

will

shampooing

viduals
indi-

certain

by

benefit,
air

light

to

subsequent

or

found

or

own

women

should

be

or

one's

its

physical condition,

may

are

sun

in

they

one's

injury

of

frequency

water

enjoyment

follows

bath

mine
deter-

always

supported

of

girl

Turkish

sustitute

be

cold

attendant

for

the

form

only

delicate

fear

and

indi-

Indeed,

physician.

knowledge

most

must

to

reliable

and

needs

taken,

best

the

vigorous

agreeable

such

an

prove

the

of

practices

bath.

Most

or

the

processes

of

women

with

take

may

that

without

Oriental

of

scientific

too

be

to

air-bath,

without

used

bath

advice

sensitive

so

personal

it is moreover,

and

exercise,

the

and

of

secured.

hygienically

most

temperament
the

are

be

can

twice

physicians

should

it will

Spring
will

so

readily

tone

For

those

and

Roman

must

be

benefit

week,

all

take

it at

system

powers.

live

communities

baths
utilized

the

debilitated

who

are

to

its

in

unknown,
full

once

healthful

most

free

promptly

least

extent.

Turkish

its

its

Let

it be

by

use

the
cine
medi-

no

impurities

of
made

or

Russian

Turkish,

bath-room

once

During

practice, and

where
the

bath

month.

from

muscles

flaccid

forbidden

not

women

and

the

enjoyment

and

and

prove

up

flesh

super-abundant

the

home

on

occa-

as

Baths.

sion

hot

as

Then

water.

and

followed

by

almost

heated

so

All

boil

it,but

the

with

body
warm

cold

at

from

the

the

force

bath

is

of vital

force.

loss

fibers

thus

and

however^
dash

be

be
of

use

is

the

surface

apt

the

on

to

produce

and

as

overcome,

it

the

the

to

it

the
is

to

by

the

away

draws

tendency

of

the

into

days with

attendant

at

hardens

drive

vitality.

the

Thus,

warm

in

cold
the
Care

over

more

blood
after

loss

water

nerve

must,

quantity

excessive
back

the

of

state

of

minate
ter-

force
heat

water

to

which

As

of

of

and

pores

excited.

nerves

merged
sub-

dash

vital

sufficient, for its

organs.

is often

them.

nerves

once

the

by spraying

use

cold

chilliness, to
the

bath

judicious

outflow

use

body

congest

for

and

timely

not

the

continues

checks

taken

the

be

bath.

remain

they

conduct

are

of

ends

close

will

which

followed

fibrous

body

rapidly,

often

By

may

the

to

process

Russian

unknown

be

they

the

which

excitement,

The

very

throw

to

should

vapor,

vitality to

the

concluding

cold.
of

as

and

nap

water,

bodies

evidently

is

whenever

away

hot

body

part

system

very

hot

very

This

or

wonderful

entire
of

danger
every

of

baths

the

over

all

prevent

value

water

Turkish

their

heat

water.

their
in

about

hot

or

water

this

cold

owe

bathing

to

as

in

the

of

practice

to

with

subsequent

real

the

to

cold

and

rubbing

said

are

body

with

as

filled

bath-tub

nude

afterwards

vigorous

Japanese

national

off

stimulating

as

The

the

expose
it

spray

the

possible, and

as

93

sun

from

bath,

Baths.

94

the

thrown

spray
that

be

Care
bath
and

also
be

taken

lessened

by

cleansing

the

for

of

the
In

olden

increased

at

through

the

our

the

least,

if their

they

influence

the

physical

spiritualizing
harmonious

of

early history,

that

sun's

the

To

would

be

of

Roman

of

the

ing
purify-

the

women

health

to

as

nature

her

of

new

of

were

universal
for

them

era

with
of

all

and

powers,

old,

as

aroused

are

all

models
of

such

upliftment

one

and

external

from

beneficent,

as

ence,
influ-

sanitary baths

come

forces

possibilities

to

dead

well-aired.

the

be

all

to

by

would

the

take

full of

poison

always
are

bathed

beneficent

bath

the

of

impregnated

importance

would

public baths,

freshly

all its

be

development
like

nation,

the

subjected

cities

understood

benefits

become

of

during

but

the

susceptibility

be

modern

largest

of

importance

themselves.

sible,
pos-

the

garments

cannot

at

can,

their

and

culture

as

from

atmosphere.

elements

garments

established,

and

in

once

time

The

of

destroy

is

the

being.

the

to

they

generally

ever

resume

only

churches,

if

then

employed

Orient,

more

the

and

skin,

processes

has

which

bath

system

to

on

body

If the

clothing.

putting

the

absorbs

conditions,

of

none

from

the

from

matter

that

clothing

body

secretions

most

dehcate

as

received

magnetism

be

annointed

with

be

dissipated.

must

may

should

body

the

of

none

may

rays

the

over

awakes
after

will

to

those
unfold

VI.

BREATHING.

which

REATHING,

T3
^"^

death

seem

live

apparently

for

subject

with

function

but

true;

would

Hfe

be

can

simple

of

first

breathing,

men

doubtless

be

oftentimes

and

sidered,
con-

did

and

would

this

law,

perverted,

matter

when

thought;

with

only

ends

not,

special

natural

and

Hfe,

"

accordance

in

the

is

yea,

"

with

begins

Nature's

defy

we

this

in

behests.

Did

of

statistics

much

the

of

the

it

yet

stoop

results

lowered

troubles,

pulmonary
natural

at

engaged
of

and

scholars

of

regular

her

in

work,

or

sedentary
vitality
because

breathing

clerk

distinct

the

cramping

almost

his

at

"

once

vitality

those

their

over

occupations

and

of

case

bending

"

at

physical

great
the

ulous,
incred-

breathe

persons

In

lungs.

through
and

surprised

induce

deprived

are

conserved

be

be

few

to

manner

could

very

who

persons

should

we

that

sound

seamstress

persons

lungs,

true

in

preserve

habitually
the

is

of

ratio

which

force

the

arid

naturally
and

life

of

medium

the

give

who

desk,

of

have

we

toward

position

renders

and

all

the

tendency

impossible;

of

books,

breath

Breathing.

96

life

is

death

or

of

manner

It is

breathing

superfluous

often

so

has

sanitary
which

casts

the

in the

respiratory

quantity

required

favorable,
that

of

Without
of

profit

to

into

action

there
air

from

to

it is
make

air

the

in

ever
how-

remembered

perfect

up

relation

life and

power

which

correct

will

physical well-being

perceived.

in

truths,

physiological

upon

consider,

general

the

way,

it

will

be

of

the

action

organs.
the

breathing,

drawn

the

bear

of

conditions,

which

air, the

this

tendency

pure

when

and

elements
the

from

enlarging

respiratory
In

the

all

by

with

lack

inhale

blood,

condition

has

if from

atmospheric

nature,

great

them,

venous

degree,

cannot

one

the

through

interferes

Thus

of little value

breathing
be

once

of

by

derived

are

habits

at

are

four-fifths

body

muscles

is

purify the

dark

health,

to

Oxygen

passing
the

decay.

essential

lungs

slight

so

and

is

Whatever

one.

ever

disease

in

change

to

in

the

and

acid

arterial

air

repeated.

body,

the

governing

breathed.

pure

been

oxygen

of nature,

establish

that

say

the

conditions

matter

carbonic

out

up

to

the

to

and

truism

of

bright

process
to

this

agent

gathering
to

according

the
is

base

an

diaphragm
of

action

escaping

expanding

and

the

contracts,

Simultaneously

lungs.
of

the

through
rising,

the

the

and

vocal
the
air

cords

which

trachea,
is

forced

and

air

with

is
this

prevents
the

upward

phragm,
diainto

Breathing.

98

the

in

result

may

the

breathing

abnormal

muscular

the

muscles

the

chest

of

and
is

the

of

lower

is

air

the

in

from

and

natural

ing
propell-

with

of

Flexibility

Correct

like

of

that

breathing
of

condition

the

firm

but

sympathetic

think

breathing

gentle,

some

flexibilityof

ribs.

easy

repose.

slow,

part,

securing

floating

motionless

to

of branches

to

chest

principal

which

reason

it

pass
the

position, with

is

to

the

bronchial

fill and

in

expand
be

why

practiced,

is

upper

movement

action

of

the

conveyed

right
tubes,

elastic
these

enlarged,

the
left

which
known

air-cells
this

and

tight-lacing

is

so

of

feet.

trachea,

bronchi,

lungs

are

an

as

the
well-

the

the

into

and

chest

balls

to

sacs

first,with

at

the

the

on

nostrils

the

through

ending

must

be

firmly placed

weight

by

thence

order

should

standing

which

tubes

the

blood

acquire

to.

try

toward

almost

drawn

windpipe,

In

force

respiration, rather

in

correct

the

and

similar

of

the

in

raised,

of

of

use

exercises

Breathing

mass

"

muscles.

abdominal

The

form

the

aerate

the

not

bodies

chest,

the

about

or

free

the

do

directed

inseparable

for

noticeable

body

in another

to

consequently

method

action,

unconstrained

part

failure

exercise,

difficult

and

as

and

itself

digestive apparatus.

the

In

indigestion

supply,

show

may

oxygen

in

the

decreases

it

of

supply

two

tively
respec-

intricate

air-cells.

fully,the
constitutes

injurious.

cavity
the
The

Breathing.

of

increase

the

almost

cases

which

fixed

them

suffer

in

decay

proportion

where

breathing,

muscles

which

breath

inhaled.

the

contracts,

the

vital

the

diaphragmatic

risen

ribs

the

of the

action
the

very

action
the

apex,

is

the

two,

succeeded

to

by
air

be

is

every

straight,

through

and

breathing
arch

the

this

which
of

the

the

nature

"

phragm
dia-

or

ribs, which
that

is,

sympathetic
the

lungs, forcing

that

each

arch,

an

positions;

part, after

order

with

important

vitalized

partial collapse

in

oi

downward

flattened

the

proper

means

almost

and

are

correct

the

position

position

returned

expelled,

most

rises, and

affects

the

fell,reverse

diaphragm
turn,

forward

correct

normal

its

expanding

exhausted

windpipe

in

and

abdomen

the

As

diaphragm

the

as

the

get the

we

In

place by

normal

its

lyzed,
para-

lung-tissues

abuse.

and

move

lungs

sufficiently free,

in

of

the

in

elastic

lowered

organs

assumes

as

fall

is

breathing.

again

wellnigh

upward

becomes

thus

slightly forward;

often

diaphragm,

which

arch

and

cavity takes

ribs

The

muscle,

have

the

draw

breathing

forcing

thoracic

which

air-sacs

the

shape,

muscles

spongy,

is

their

chest

the

disuse

to

clothing

of

enlargement

the

and

expanded,

imperfectly

the

use;

extreme

especially

ribs,
the

of

weakened,

insufficient

from

walls

stationary, and

and

consequently

are

the

because

the

give

in

difficult,and

rendered

impossible,

floating ribs,
become

is

cavity

99

the

air

vitalized

air-cells
bronchi

may

to

as

and

repeat

Breathing.

I oo

the

same

action

air

over

and

Correct

the

been

student

of

daily
forcible

is, to

fixed

which

work

to

organs
found

beneficial

more

lassitude.

of

twenty-five

to

breath.

While
be

exaggerated

breath

practice

awaking

in

sleeping

the

the

air

the

inhaling

already

take

finds,

should

in

the

to

To

as

find, the

the
take

it

is

be

invigoratiug.
powers

most

or

is

the
in

first
all

as

the

night,

sufficient

inhalations

Early

most

upon

been,

during

long, deep

physical

that

exercises

will

but

respiration,

It

has

to

ated
exagger-

air,

air.

room

room

all

open

of

breathing

the

imperative
the

circulation

If

for

be

tion
condi-

exhaled;

by

be, well-ventilated

admitted

agreeable

as

taken

the

morning.

process.

practice
or

to

be

will

eighteen

or

air

pure

breathing

general

from

amount

absolutely

free

should

rooms

is

it

should

permits

excellent

have

must

atmosphere

tonic

inhaled

are

this

increase

one

and

respiration

air

of

considered,

which

room

ordinary

greatly

blood

air, that

vital

No

capacity.

impure

inches

cubic

possible

if health

In

the

twenty

open

clear

all of

compel

utmost

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in

well

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to

ten

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in

breathing

correct

always

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to

minute.

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will

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pure

determination,

and

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expiration

will

their

to

thought

science

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exhaling

times

more

established

physical

inspiration

conditions

under

due

exaggerated

to

or

habit;

fully

and

inhaling

fifteen

will, with

has

minutes

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organs

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breathing

it is

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derive

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clothing

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general

to

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perfectly

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consumption,

lassitude

and

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the

effort

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all

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itself

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sides
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health.

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state,

of

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sis,
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and

breaking
except

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one.

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the

great
of

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the

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course,

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oxygen

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ment.
move-

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cramped

way

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benefit

practice
with

exercise

the

loi

intelligent study
extent,

certain
had

significance

their
of

physical

breathing

refused

specialists in

all

to

and

control

conditions.

exercises

yield

study.

diaphragmatic

to

In

of the

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exercises

the

By

diseases

breath

chapter
are

mere

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value

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tice
praccured

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and

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1 02

normal

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rise

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physical,

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the

most

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partial

heart

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which

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breathe

Nature,

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of

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to

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state

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and

those

parents

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to

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as

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sensation

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lungs

sensation,

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forces, pleasing

us.

and

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sea-action

organisms

natures

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much

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only

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brain, the

emotion,

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exercise

upon

prosaic

it

that

by

animation

should

the

unaccustomed

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waves,

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indicative

mental

thought

hear

the

women,

descant

the

body,

phlegmatic.

principle
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or

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vitality

suggesting
own

of

meditation,

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are

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emotion

fall ; poets

heaving

compared,

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violent

poetical fancy,

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to

breathing-

tight clothing.

conditions

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women

sleep,

during

action

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decreed
learn

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habits

restrictions

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Nature

men.

muscular

although

sexes,

that

breathing

the

both

statement

differently

the

conditions,

the

ure,
pleasabuse

which
force.

the

VII.

THEORIES.

GENERAL

TN

exercise

taking
is

one

of

amount

the

that

the

in

These

fresh

before

for

eating

which

of

after

Many
yet

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nurses.

women

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eating.

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go

is

say

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large

taken

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the

to

diverted

to

that

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time

for

sums

blood,

entire

fatigue

the

digestion

the

of

is

the

by

breathing

time

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the

taken

be

just

overcome

after

the

eating,
on

carry

before

the

cess
pro-

muscles.

have

no

time

headaches

money

just
is

not

immediately
to

to

and

for

is

strongly

except

will

stomach

it

as

revivified.

exercise

follows

air

greater

and

lungs,

is

any

blood

inspire

with

supplied

system

at

the

to

one

when

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draws

causes

blood

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be

can

time.

some

blood

air

exercises

and

through

passing

purifies

immediately

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requisite,

contraction

heart,

way

in

oxygen

oxygen

when

this

In

freely.

more

muscular

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from

rapidly

more

the

exercising,

first

the

is

air

pure

devote

to

backaches,

doctors,

advice

cise,
exer-

and

and

Theories.

Genei^al

I04

If
could
five

would

one

but

accomplish

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both

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instead

stairs

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strained

correctly
her

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movements.

when

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is

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part

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when

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to

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result

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attained,

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times.
and

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her

in

foot

one

fifteen

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wait

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on

affairs.
of

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is worked

faculty

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devitalizing
will

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head

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frequently

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body,

circulation

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hands

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she

exercise

stand

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attending

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up

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minutes

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fatigued through

parts.
mental

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the

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fifteen

or

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should

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muscles

one

ten

of exercise,

system

two

daily.

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exercise

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work

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and

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itself

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effect

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with
of

beauties

of

"

take

and

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her

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under

do

needed;

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was

in

the

tread-mill

fatigued.

walk

think
it?

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for

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performance,
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her

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body

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for

merely

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in

and

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that

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erected

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tread-mill

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destitute

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would

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debility," who

the

instead

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in

by

furnishings,

mile

walk

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suffering

health

general

joyous,

If

nature

"

to

bright

where

room

from

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exercise

enjoyment

promoting

morning

nature.

and

ornament

air

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able

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factor

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by

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indolence.

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health

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suffering

one

nature,

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her

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go

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state

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pleasing proportions,

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avail

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into

bring

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is

it

day

needed

the

there

when

present

and

them

does

will

effort,they

graceful

robustness,

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the

and

time

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day,

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grudging

be

Theories,

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io6

and

than

and

pose,
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was

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consequence
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of

ness

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that

perfect

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that

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with

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Turkish

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part

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to

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muscles

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aims

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only

active,

are

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trol
con-

pendently
inde-

energized

devitalized.

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give

towel

entire

change

and

body

the

garments

vigorous

next

skin.

exercising

do

is

to

it

furnish

must

be

ideals

in

borne

and

mind

that

all

the

principles
"

rests

that

taken

exercised

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rest.

culture

should

one

at

physical

of

exercise

rubbing

In

remain

be

be

tedious-

defrauded.

are

to

the

over

must

care

intended

are

muscles

of

while

exercises,

others

system

the

can

the

fretting

development

and

which

the

in

expended

health

exercise,

muscles

and

to

is

practising

those

them

of

portion

107

with

the

pupil.

any

teacher

application

VIII.

CORRECT

nPHE

STANDING

standing

correct

"*"

to

seems

reality

it

the

is

the

is

and

toes,

backward

swaying
Most

and
"

feel

persons

they

as

of

out

at

straight

rise

i,

when

in

that

fact

the

to

original

Figure

line,

the

by

can

the

in

it

of

point
without

position,

line.

first

if

as

heard

often

are

one

in

down

come

of

perpendicular,

which

in

position

shown

as

forward

be

to

proven

only

position,

slightly

be

POSITION

they
exclaim

to

of

out

were

balance,

about

pitch

to

"

forward.

This

of

centre

standing
stand

feet,

when

that

the

the

upon

In

chin

of

feeling

is

gravity

more

point

balance

of

balls.

while

the

the

correct

slightly

the

of

one's

is

heels

and

resting

in, the

of

grace

heavily

abdomen

balls

the

be

chest

held

of

carried

carriage
upon

sons
per-

firmly
sible
impos-

are

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is

well

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demands

position

should

correct

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the

upon

the

that

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taking

correct

position

fact

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than

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in

been

weight

standing
drawn

has

fact

Elasticity
body

changed

what

upon

from

comes

entirely

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position

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uncertainty

heels.

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and

FlGURK

1.

Coin^ect

the

of

crown

that

object
When

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the

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body

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position
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upon

of

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in

position.
A

for

of

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of

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movements

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be

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muscles

through

gravity

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is

feet

set

on

the

disuse

and

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may

forth
twists

in

the

out

it

would

heels

point of
ensue,

chapter
the

for

trying

attended

the

the

faithful

on

poising
at

knees,

the

balls

when

the

of
and

change

invariably

are

but

muscles

muscles

changed

is

action

weight

the

of

muscles

the

incorrect

the

by

restricted,

of

the

rested

knees

by

parts

after

back

some

on

back, the

The

become

fact, that

and

affected

and

unpleasant

bent

other

has

one

of

with

for

the

be

to

consequence

of

of

carry

shoulders

contracted.

cramps

painful

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the

first

are

alarm,

this

is

soreness

for

position

correct

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be

and

aware

happens

contracted,

weight

the

and

centre

take

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strain

bent

will

back

any

calves

chest, back,

are

effort

thrown

and

heels,

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contracted,

habitual.

become

assumed

cause

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arm,

thing
the

the

position
All

the

same

become

arm

steadily

Fatigue

not

the

her

assuming

on

of

would

The

soreness.

is

cany

to

first

at

of

disappear.

muscles

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is

knees.

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bend

to

the

to

the

1 1 1

it.

upon

muscles

practise

were

time

the

result,.but

consciousness
if

placed

under

continued

position

position

upon

and

legs,

in

be

correct

pull

often

head

might

the

strong
the

the

Positio7i.

Standing

to

the

practise of the
exercises
the

same

will
time

Correct

112

that

they

lightness

give

stooping
felt

In

the

in

the

ugly

the

the

will

bestow

and

iiead.

for

position,
painfully

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will

it

long

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to

the

to

if

of

the

one

chest

the

overcome

standing

correct

does

one

of

bowed

remedied

take

and

back

often

carriage

that

admitted

be

be

may

position.

the

is

spine

be

first

at

feel

in

the

effort

to

hold

the

chest

erect

the

in

the

straight

line.

To

this

there

all

depends

body
it

answer

one

"

herself

devotes

student

it

will

poised

at

seen

the

upon

in

must

well

ward
for-

self-conscious

balance

is

how

asked

it

but

attention

awkwardness

of

feeling

of

the

correct

becomes

part

deformity,

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often

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and

of

the

commonly

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step.
weariness

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head

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disappears.

ot

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point

elasticity

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curve

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to

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raising

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position

chest

Position.

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the

to

how

upon

of

thought

faithfully
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exercise.
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will

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result

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awkward.

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acquire
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few

until

weeks,

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upon

position
while

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and

lose

others

months.

the

follow.

exercise

is

practised,

the

quicker

the

desired

IX.

EXERCISES.

POISING

chapter

this

establishing

erratic

the

vital

force

opposition

it.

to

prolific
is

expended

or

our

How

that

spasmodic,
of

of

telling
and

season

time

because

many

they

there

persons

"

cannot

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to

we

is

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less

exhaust

there

stop

are

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minute

"

to

is

answer

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mulation
accu-

sons
per-

long

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action.

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in

tality
vi-

exhausted

out

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body

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force

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in

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the

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than

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purpose.

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disease,

vitality

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action

accomplished

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generated

The

force.

labor

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Keeping
to

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movement,

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indica-

are

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use

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nerve-force,

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created.

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power

muscular

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source

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and

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when

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health

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expenditure

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health

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and

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exercises

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inability

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source

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and

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Poise

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rationally, and
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have

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nervous

would

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unconsciously

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in

one

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that

of

people

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deep

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and

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position

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centres

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of

vitality and

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hurriedly,
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breath

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and

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and

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vation
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they

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of

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subtlety.

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ance
annoy-

charm.

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stop

luxury

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with

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move

in

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it does

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persons

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The

This

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tiresome.

exhaustion

than

have

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forces.

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the

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feet,

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rush

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simply

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process

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such

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breathless,

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perfectly

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to

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persons

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meet

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them

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haste, and

Such

people

hand,

grace

of

nervous

whole

accomplished,

upon

person

that

their

for

irritation

or

spend

energy.

be

on

will

yet

narration

expended
It

Exercises.

Poising

of

people
the

anger

nerve-

or

fear.

Figure

3.

Exercises.

Poising

1 1

"

EXERCISES.

firmly

and

time

both

upon

first

At

the

assumed

Having

it will
the

upon

feet

balls

of

absolutely impossible,
will

practise
and

feet,

will

be

able
shown

position

do

the

it will

in

the

muscles

many

weeks

Figure

In

2.

the

the

the

effort

the

not

daily

the

student

the

in

settle

to

any

legs, ankles

before

bringing

weight

but

toes,

of

without

and

firmly

allow

not

exercise

rising
Having

secured

from

the

swing

it downward

line.

Repeat

weight

This

floor

on

and,

resting

perform

the

correct

the

raised
into

body
back

position

foot

upon

the

active

primarily

secondarily,

for

for

in

the

allowing
foot

the

to

securing
freeing

the

foot

one

then

3,

by the

times,

fore
be-

exercise:

Figure

indicated

same

But

position, lift

shown

several

the

foot.

following

as

without

practise
one

upon

standing

movement

one

the

backward

and

is

acquired,

toe

touching

exercise

body,

weight

into

this

firmly

without

the
the

on

been

having

with

movement

the

be

of

point

for

difficult,if

more

even

self

one's

heels.
This

and

the

upon

hold

to

feet, and

not

stand

to

position

the

slowly

position, rise

possible.

as

difficult

strengthen

soon

and

high

as

found

be

standing

correct

dotted
the

retaining
body

to

sway,

floor.

steady
muscles

poise
of

of

the

I20

Poising

"

The

knees.

should

student

movement,

careful

give

the

forms

it

as

Exercises.

of

basis

attention

several

of

this

to

the

succeeding

exercises.

Figure
be

shows

forward

swayed

be

establishing

practised
The

succession,

calves

of

first

the

after

In

arms

With

chest

sides.

all

for

and

of

bent

this

active

the

at

than

of

the

when

hands

they

rising

exercise,

upon

taken

than

by

slow

extended

one

are

is

times

greatly
hands,

upon

an

more

apt

to

feet.

sion.
succes-

be

may

until

the

allowed

in

one

hang

creased
in-

can

fatigued.
with

the

chest.

active

to

in

the

the

in

stages,

drop

times

times

feeling

foot.

one

developing

ten

of

cise
exer-

should

several

for

number

exercises

and

important

circulation

more

without

times

elbows

2,

without

but

exercise

the

on,

so

foregoing

position

it

ankles

afterward

improving

days

and

the

Figure

take

few

the

feet,

excellent

an

hundred

one

in

not

fifteen

to

it

legs,
should

one

But

take

is

like

should

body

the

difficult

both

upon

the

from

and

shown

movement

quick

At

is

poise,

first

at

backward

This

which

from

position
and

knees.

the

bending
in

the

keep

the

at

the

X.

EXERCISES.

BENDING

of

"T^RACTICE

lend

flexibility

sympathetic
these

action

will

exercises

but

the

yield

and

precision

followed,
the

the

in

necessary

this

to

the

back,

of

of

degree

in

and

brought

body

Rapidity

certain

are

care

poise

of

the

exercise.

give

muscles

of

portions

by

suggested

movements

develop

those

to

two

properly

and

strengthen

body,

if

will,

chapter

first

the

into

action

animal

in

vitality,
the

obtaining

best

results.

Figure

extended

arms

which

in

the

pain

in

the

Although
begin
in

the

movement

is

also

the

exercise

floating

effects

practice

that

to

secure

and

follow

gently,
time

This

ribs.

often

back

and

the

showing

which

the

carried

be

the

it

enough
continuity

pain,
is

it

imperative
should

and

body

be

grace.

be

to

duces
pro-

actual

the

is

line

downward

to

under

the

The

exercise

amounts

legs

with

body

capacity.

should

indicated,

of

evil

fullest

arms

sensation

middle

no

any

and

below

pulling

each

floor

their

the

of

position

correct

to

hands

immediately

bent

the

upward

the

toward

to

shows

knees.

always

well

lence
excel-

to

taken

At

with

first

the

student

the

floor

will

it

the

lay

and

This

the

into

of

at

the

be

head

should

follow

mind

the

of

This

right, and

again

to

the

is

be

the

also

vitalized
allow

of

both

in

grace.
the

to

lifelessly;bend

right

below

point

possible, keeping

easily

keeping

law

the

the

position, the

thus

coming

swing

to

practised

swing

left,as

the

normal

its

In

muscles,

arms

easily 'at

body

to

arms

after

naturally,

which

should
the

Bend
the

ribs, allowing

and

succession,

left sides.

and

regains

unyieldi7ig\

hips.

position,

forward

floor.

knees

and

chest, the

body

easily

exercise

same

the

the

the

stretching

upon
as

with

will

student

bend

to

the

upon

line

waist

and

possible

flat

standing

bending

law

hands

the

correct

sides, and,

is

it

touch

to

daily practice

occasionally

and

practised

at

fall forward

to

the
be

must

must

movement

head

of

impossible,

not

fingers, but

flexibility that

exercise

back

the

matter;

easy

palms

bending

difficult,if

it

tips of

an

such

develops

find

the

with

make

soon

all

Exercises.

Bending

124

far

as

the

the

to

the

legs firmly

poised.
the

In
raised

the

above

Figure
while

and

5,
the

attitude
and

exercise, illustrated

next

feet
has

downward
below

head

the

their

to

is

body
retained

are

been

properly
toward

the

the

in
fullest

turned

in

the

extent,
little

front

taken,

carry

floor.

Bend

floating ribs, and

also

6, the

Figure

as

toward

position.
the

at

at

shown
the
When

hands
the

the

are

arms

out

point
hips,

but

in

right,
this
ward
diately
imme-

keep

Figure

5.

the

While

side.
the

hand

the

strengthening

the

at

point halfway

back,
lift

head

then

into

body

lift

from

the

bend

the

the

and

waist,

in

both

feet

the

exercise.

In

performmg

be

taken

to

bend

Retain

not

for

few

results

frequently

regard

to

come

felt

be

column

in

back

she

and

should
Reverse

the

but

the

to

be

may

it

as

sure

exercise.

feel

that

the

change

in

is

bend

to

throughout

too

must

care

Many
I

do

not,

and

cision,
pre-

system

nervous

have,
In

fore,
there-

taking
will

tension

of

side

pain

slowly.

care

muscular

either

on

knees,

back.

exercies.

strong

the

but

and

spine

dangerous

and

immediately
this

the

practising incorrectly.

should

one

Slowly

floor

necessary

the

near

side-back

the

four.

head

movement,
the

waistline,
of

great
of

chest,

centre

the

movement

the

the

the

straightening

the

with

on

count

"

centre

with

abdomen
if

the

this

just explained,

movement

and

backward

it

from

side

lastly, poise

the

injury

serious

and

the

take

persons

at

position upon

at

this

recommend

persons

flat

bend

good

level

and

first

position,

to

knees

and

valuable

assumed

fingers lightly

back,

between

four;

counting
the

the

upon

stiff

especially

Having

elbows

the

elbow

movement.

is

Figure

the

tips of

drop
a

raise

the

rest

in

pelvic region.

position,

shoulders,

this

Reverse

up.

the

keep

moving,

shown

movement

standing

is

arm

the

of

palm
The

in

Exercises.

Bending

130

the

small
the

spinal
of

the

spine,

position.

Figure

7.

Fjgure

8-

XI.

EXERCISES.

ELONGATING

TN

this

chapter
called

so

Many

and

in

will

remove

the

with

the

the

given,

are

and

body

for

necessary

is

the

it

unless

so

into

of

to

bust,
be

elongate

the

women

the

is

corset

in

standing
settle,

grow

and

an

causes

because

indolent

the

is

"Behold,

an

secured

larger

become

have

result

of

large

about

they
manner,

muscles

no

indulge

If

It

the

allows

the

for

waist

one

one

they
of

the

to

not

than

who

that

reason

when

habit

is

waist

The

waist

-that

proportions

sympathy

which

about

fact

exercises,

artistic

ignorance.
the

vulgar
ure
fig-

the

about

this

uncorseted

maintained.

and

positively

succeeding
and

correct

of

indolence.

or

the

without

go

vindication

which

practise

and

in

to

consideration

"

many

and

ignorance

carriage,
be

one

about

cry:

and

corset

will

impossible

figure

some

result

correct

body

is

it

take

not

the

is

one

together

she

to

and

do

They

such

of

point

uncomeliness,

its

!"

off

lift

to

unsightly,

look

not

will

assertion

that

claim

persons

corset

so

tend

they

because

exercises

elongating

part.

every

is

of

series

sitting
body

leave

and

to

constantly

and

distend,
the

body

not

well

leg
a

by

the

to

line

to

the

bending

hollow

vice

such

floor, and

perfect
one

impress

not

the

for

cultivation
the

the

performing

of
value

impress

to

power,

the

way
the

from

hold

the

the

upon
with

exercises

side

foot,

in

touch

four
the

(do

not

club-foot, but
that
heel

the

tip

will

and

the

of

rest

floor

of

Fig.

and

weight

left

the

into

front
four

give

foot

the

to

the

turn

the

toe

in

raise

the

foot

gracefully,

the

toe

on

the

will

to

just

instep

of

it

swing

force

will

To

9.

from

-this

the

from

pass

movement

that

way

poise the

throwing

'counts

toe

in

and

from

circular

to

versa

shown

as

would

side

to

left

and

arm

such

in

erect,

left foot
knee

right

sides

body

the

at

right

the

exercise

respective

foot

Next

of

appearance

and

for

left

raise

the

and

of

it does

sufficiently upon

health

the

leg

Swing

back,

that

outline, but

wasp's

the

lift

shapely.

also

dwelt

running

position

oscillations.

in

their

at

right foot,

thigh.

have

necessity

hand

this

to

are

elongating

raised

right

and

which

precision.

first

diagonal

secure

on

and

are

round

shapely

establishing
the

the

the

and

exercises

that

trust

readers

slowness

exercises

holding

By

size.

in

poise

In

become

these

approximation

elongating

poise.

my

taking

will

an

its

The

of

and

continually.

enlarge

to

proportioned

by

one

waist

waist

is

waist

the

erect,

chest, the

so

Exercises.

Elongating

136

give

touch
the

and
the

right

Exercises.

Elongating

foot),then
possible

without

line, but

the

the

by

This

strike

against

the

to

position

four

and

to

leg

arm

will

and

must

three

the

back.

to

throw

the

the
left

move;

foot

next

at

an

Do

the

left

angle

change

is

the

hand

on

in

of

the

45"

weight

head,

the

than

The

foot
The

the

leg,

for

this

count

extend

foot,

foot, four

Swing,

two

count

raise

hold,

four

exercise.

diagonal
the

this

position.

follows

and

sition
oppo-

arm,

allow

space

arm

Hold

not

greater

one

in

the

its

as

the

move

reaches

and

hand,

that

return

and

outward

shoulder.

rapidly.

this

Reverse

the

and

into

weight

of

heel

arm

hollow,

force

the

left

the

foot,

the

time

should

in

on

press

of

palm

slowly

more

exercise

next

Poise

touch

to

move

important,

toe

the

through

pass

position, eight.
In

the

to

the

be

right-angle

and

as

represented
a

arm

same

head

then

before

therefore

four, touch

to

floor

very

the

the

up,

the

simultaneously.

position

is

At

and

seconds,

have

exercise

arm,

leg

of

illustration

with

will

well

is

the

far

as

retained

be

legs

into

i. e.^ toward

arm,

the

touch

the

side

toes

must

the

foot.

the

and

the

"

hypothenuse

weight

the

with
out

of

in

imaginary

an

body

force

shown

the

toward

body

and

throw

line

downward

to

the

position

Next

the

moves

of

perpendicular

triangle.

foot
the

moving

weight

foot.

right

left

the

extend

139

line

is

from

front

right foot, swing


hollow

of

without
of

the

the

left,

right, advance

allowing
body

the

to

the

forward

body
on

to

left

the

full

heel

foot

the

forward

throw

that

the

hand

in

move

the

the

for

is

hollow,
left

foot

as

force

The

of

the

at

an

the

up

and

left

in

angle
right
back

of

and

the

45"

in

on

as

far

the

hollow

10,

of

as

with

then

press

time
should

head
this

tion
posi-

slowly, allowing
At

the

end
from

step

one

The

touch

count

heel

forward

height, four;
four;

count

the

and

Hold

in

the

and

bend

raise

arm,

hold,

four;

exercise.
is

in

diagonal

right foot, swing

without

forward

arm

this

Fig.

the

the

arm

same

exercise.

weight

foot,

Reverse

the

up,

four;

full

to

left

head,

left foot.

the

count

body

hand

Weight

heel

arm

foot, two;

given

front.

raise

advance
raise

the

advanced

of

beginning

exercise

to

have

will

the

At

to

raising

lifeless,carry

position

the

to

body

right foot,

foot

to

Swing,

eight.

the

return

follows:

into

back

foot

the

hand

i. e., back.

forward

body

and

raise

foot.

and

arm,

then

knee

the

and

the

to

the

three;

position,

hand

lift the

touches

and

out

come

at

one;

knee,

throw

to

to

it stood

this

with

the

wrist

left hand

and

exercise

where

the

is thrown

seconds

right

of

until

opposition

four

the

45", with

of

weight

imaginary

an

from

left

the

straighten

next

floor, then

the

into

floor

and

foot

back

force

the

on

knee,

the

angle

an

and

up

flat

left

straightening

by

right

at

the

bending
feet

height

of

arm

by

both

with

right
its

Exercises.

Elongating

140

the

allowing
the

possible, do

hand

not

left,touch

advance

right,
the

from

line

body

the

to

the

left

move,

lifeless,carry
allow

the

elbow

the

to

Figure

10.

Exercises.

Elongating

bend,

of

palm

at

force

throw

the

touch

heel

and

It

to

seem

are

these

one

eight.

position,

exercises

force

as

too

exercises

nothing.

explicit,

be

the

but

performed

feel

four;

raise

four

foot,

arm

hold,

exercise.

description

the

count

two;

and

this

Reverse

though

foot,

hand

into

tion
posi-

bringing

Swing,

advance

one;

and

this

Hold

slowly,

rigid.

the

weight,

foot.

position

to

with

arm,

imaginary

the

elbow

hollow,

throw

three

may

unless

the

right

and

an

with

return

with

front

in

leg,

four;

then

in

down

arm

foot

down

press

seconds,

left

against

press

up,

time

same

four

avail

hand

the

the

into

143

that

with

of

the

they

precision

foregoing

are

not,

they

for

will

XII.

DIAPHRAGMATIC

AND

ABDOMINAL

EXERCISES.

TO

TV

exercises

than

the

it

that

are

those

vital

the

which

diaphragm

muscles

of

and

secured

or

only

is

of

which

system

plexus,
become

that

the

so

its

are

the

support
most

affected

influence

in

heart,
of

healthful

from

traceable

sensitive

by
will

the

to

giving

draphragm

that

induced.

exercise,
of

the

stomach.

of

the

ment
move-

by

of

of

action

extend

is

is

nerve-centre

the

free

it

the

of

organs

whose

and

opment
devel-

intelligent

inactivity

to

of

maintained

and

lack

tissue

proper
be

action

intercostal

gracefulness

the

body

action

vital

the

can

the

time

same

pulmonary

upon

the

the

its

the

conditions

result

liver

difficulties

pulmonary

can

the

to

the

movement

than

to

essential

Diseases

depend

organ

character

and

freedom

solar

no

through

breathing,

healthful

important

more

strength

is

of

of

free

by

There

exercise.

the

whose

organs

since

life

new

fibres

beauty,

results

At

once.

with

habits

Correct

health

motion,

elastic

beneficial

diaphragm,

at

thrilled

is

in

the

reached

yellow

and

influenced.

are

affect

are

organs

immediate

more

the

brain

and

cles
mus-

The

the

body,

circulatory
as

well

and

Diaphragmatic

the

as

with

body,

and

its

kindred

all
those

in

diaphragm

and

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thorax

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lifted

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147

dyspepsia,

nervous

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action

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caused

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Exercises.

forms

phosphatic

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chest

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organs

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create

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tion,
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cases

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pure,

the

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cured

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greatly strengthened

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the

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action

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loaded

into

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blood

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liver,

kidneys,

Abdominal

bringing

life

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heart,

and

and

Diaphragmatic

148

lift

these

upright

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of

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influence

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abdom-

considering
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Figure

12.

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carriage

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majority

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and

muscles

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toning

of the

Dns

151

needs.

by

of

set

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Exercises.

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and

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No

weighting

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and

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efficacious

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with

digestion,
of

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few

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11

believed

in

that

reminded

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directed

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front

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poise
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has

body

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line
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then

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practise

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of

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from

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and

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impunity

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exercise,

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opposite side,

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is

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on

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the

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the

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to

bear

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movements.

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the

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circle

torso

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stomach,

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as

diaphragmatic

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the

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Abdominal

and

Diaphragmatic

152

given
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the

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precision

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movement

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the

glance,

157

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hands

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floor.

girls

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of
This
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Diaphragmatic

158

in

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is

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of

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standing.

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bench
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by

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of

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at

the

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body

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bench.

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the

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16.

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exercise

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the

their

hands

the

friendly-

its

kindly

the

If

greeting

irritating

detrimental.
with

of

of

between

meeting.

form

shake

to

thrill

of

give

to

the

and

Heep,

generous

sympathy

persons

Arm,

Uriah

imparts

mutual

the

and

modern
and

touch

of

the

Hand

natural

thumb

position

fingers

curves.

which
form

vital,

become
is

an

The

ried
car-

angle.
most

The

lyo

In

the

moving
the

thought,
hand

the

and

hand

leads

and

graceful

will

the

entire

action

should

of

the

of

body

rigid.
action

responsive
hardly

should

there

every

perceptible

law

to

ment
move-

the

law

perfectly

more

the

of

successive

snake,

throughout

waves

well

is

grace,
of

the

to

joint
is

it

the

eye,

by

the

head

but

arm

and

and

subtly

tine
serpen-

by

communicated

successive

to

stages.
part

every

but

unity

action

muscle

movements

poised,
or

fingers,
joint,

by
last

at

the

hand

and

arm

following

be

of

to

of

practice

upon

movement

unfolding

the

movement

movement

and

graceful

based

this

shoulder

and

and

of

practise

Where
for

from

arm,

expanding

During

the

passes

the

ture.
ges-

body.

which

hand,

the

the

hand

daily

is

is

nature

in

successively

through

In

action

sinuous

of

movement

the

the

movement

be

muscle,

in

continues

length

the

In

the

of

unconsciously

expression.
arm

in

the

by

than

but

avoided,

themselves

lend

and

than

exemplified

be

motion

Nowhere

succession.

the

should

awkward

most

rather

when

for

hand,
is

poke

emphasize

or

the

lead

movement

of

graceful

hand

sensation,

the

convincing

the

of

where

nature

gesture

Arm,

always

the

exercises

simple

of

should

wrist

in

trained

and

express

the

of

Studied

arm

to

wrist

partakes

Hand

responsive,
and

not

of

harmony

hand,
chest
"

effective.

there

an

is

action

Figure

17.

The

and

Hand

Arm.

173

EXERCISES.

assumed

Having
weight

of

slightly

at

fall

the
the
with

limp,

the

time

that

the

then

arm,

lastly
arm

the

Take

feet,

natural

the

Use

weight
both

with

head

the

place
hands
back

the

down,
to

with

left

force

upper
and

wrist,
As

it.
back

moves

is

the

until

it

left

the

while

arm

ing
balanc-

foot.

of

movement

lowering

the

head

forward

the

the

opening

same

the

weight

both

on

together.

forward

Extend

to

together, sustaining

arms

while

the

the

on

heels

the

then

and

the

downward

of

hand

poise.
exercise

same

Alternate

arm

the

At

muscles

left

arm

slightly

and

expanding

head.

the

moves

and

elbow,

downward

assumes

the

the

to

hand,

moves

arm

shoulder

the

the

head

the

drav/

passes

to

the

the

raise

next

the

let

and

the

the

extend

and

elbow,

touches

rises

To

into

introduced

almost

arm

it.

meet

the

downward;

palm

arm

foot

right

Straighten

the

until

the

on

side.

hand

to

body

balance

position, lightly

good

to

the

left,

meet

the

in

front

arms

palms
then

position;

of

move

always

the
the
make

the

hands.
vice

and

versa

ascending
on

hands

arms

the

Raise

always

right
move

arm.

level

together,

with

the

the

sides

line,
waistof

the

laterally, then

outward
wrist

the

lead.

The

174

The

toward

each

the

elbows

Bend
the

exercise

same

hands

let

body,

then

upward;

repelling

allow

the

the

back

of

both

hands

both

wrists

will

of
the

palms

pupil

will

exert

and

at

the

an

bust.

hands

them

to

upon

the

desired

and

of

the
the

and

based

succeeding
but

chest

back,

hands
the

of

then

tend
ex-

the

that

so

other.

the

to

of

admit

with

"

vary

have

muscles

also

forward

move

the

palm

right,

movements

the

and

are

The

forward,

Move

left, bending

way.

down

can

movements

the

same

variations

opposition,

they

the

toward
the

the

toward

be

serpentine

number

The

palms

move

arms

to

downward;
the

arms

front, place

in

arms

one

These

in

palms

front, palms

the

as

back

arms

opens

the

As
and

retreat;

the

with

in

the

palms.

This

arms

of

backs

chest.

Extend

out,

to

the

bring

back.
the

the

limp,

something.

chest

the

and

fall

extend

next

if

wrists

hands

with

of

instead

hands

Arm.

taken

be

and

the

and

can

other

the

throw

as

Hand

palms

sides

out,

moving

in

suit
the

and

the

hands

the

in

direction.

long

as

herein

the

sides

moving

same

herself, and

result

the

up

principles

infinite

almost

an

set

the

as

forth

cultivation

of

graceful expression.
exercises

same

influence

time

over

are

that
the

designated
they
muscles

affect
of

as

arm

the
the

arms

ments,
move-

they

throat, neck,

Figure

18.

The

178

the

attests

lack

the

arms

the

body

the

sides

back

will

fall

them

as

while

; bear

of

high

this

in

to

clavicle

the

with

the

Exercise.
extend

closed;

draw

with

still

hands

the

the
the

palms

"

arms

arms

down,

move

and

rapidity

this

exercise

shoulders.

the

back

arms

by

the

and
circle

dotted

with

front

upward

and

clinch

the

arm

draw

to

in

in

arms

keep

forward

increase

the

they

to

body

arms

indicated

straight;

elbows

then

front,

palms

made

children,

by

not

back

the

the

Swing

position, as

the

turn

be

behind

touch,

hands

allow

broadens

"

the

the

first,but

taken

hands

should

should

not

at

and

18; extend

Four-count

still

When

front

next

sides,

slowly

the

backs

Swing

Movement.

Figure

keeping

Do

the

to

together, swing

of

carrying

exercise.

times,

Three-count

the

ment.
develop-

lift them

palms

backs

effort

an

possible.

as

the

the

In

but

the

place

that

mind

stroke.

lengthens

muscle,

preventing
and

be

must

the

upon

front,

of

desirous

padding

and

in

is

one

presses

it,

arms

hands.

'

chest

and

touch

in

slightly,

each

round

the

the

several

at

the

the

from

and

taking

back

of

shoulders

the

of

If

blood

Outstretch
level

development.

part

the

diverting

Arm.

ajtd

it overheats

for

removed,

of

this

developing

Hand

palms
the
back

ward,
down-

hands,
to

the

closed.
Perform

the

above
down
hands

to

three

the

head,

the

sides;

over,

and

count

with

the

extend
fists

ment,
move-

the

hands
them

clinched.

in

The

the

Repeat
body

last

begins

allow

the

the

In

to

the

to

arms

downward,

far

the

them

the

the

Turn

body.

the

do

not

the

for

until

backs

palms

manner.

muscle.

Raise

the

hands

they

and

reversed

are

hands

touch

as

behind

the

throughout

out

and

outward

arms

the

of

jerky

close

the

Carry

biceps

position,

ward,
back-

upward,

in

not

constantly

and

possible,

exercises

shoulders

but

is

together.

turn

as

the

perpendicular

until

times,

these

taking

forward,

exercise

backs

the

place

several

move

and

following

179

sway.

exercise

next

downward,

The

In

glow.

body

Arm.

movements

two

to

and

Hand

entire

exercise.

One

the

of

forearm

shake

an

the

sympathetic
made

to

exercises

best

consists

hands,

grasping
into

the

and

in

then

fingers.
action

prevent

strong

This

of

movement

the

it, which

the

the

facial

should

the

developing

extending

curling
A

object.

for

hand

fingers

tension

will

muscles,

always

if

as

slowly

in

should

be

muscles

aboyt

as

though

accompanied

be

an

done.

to

introduced

be

unless

of

by
effort

be

XIV.

VOCAL

GYMNASTICS,

THROAT,

BUST.

AND

TN

this

vocal

gymnastics,

assistant

the

vital

vital

correct

the

the

is

given

the

aid

of

the

and

the

the

vocal

there

relation

are

and

stimulated

is

used

the

the

the

their

of

and

voice

and

forcibly

through

body.

waste

great

strengthened,

and

physical
wonderful

of

between

is

voice

chest,

is

voice

of

practise

perfect

to

development

organs

the

the

for

in

healthy

diaphragm
functions

correct

established.

throat

sore

voice,

of

valuable

incorrectly

is

to

are

organs

Chronic

it

the

is

vital

used

When

manner

thoroughly

of

is

organs.

expansion

appeal

use

proper

intimate

so

an

upbuildment

voice

force,

the

the

in

make

as

The

development.

When

shall

chapter

CHEST,

many

tongue

and

the

is

tongue

others.

so

frequently

Irritation

far

back

is

produced
the

often

is

that

often

it

root

by

the

misuse

of

this

evil,

produced
vibrates

by
against

as

ing
pushthe

Chest

Throat,

delicate

of

the

irritated, and

if

membrane

becomes
ulcers

form.
in

head

light

the

to

dominant

have

consciousness

mg
to

this

trouble, which

her

it

throat

month

of

not

reaching

in

the

cavities

an

for
the

irritation

of

into

the

irritation

of

visit

lips

the

part

is

of

likely

to

ing
sufferhave

and

daily

in

cured

of

use

is

intestinal
transmitted

one

The

tongue.

It

apt

throat

woman

through

be

is

often

membrane

mucous

and

locat-

in

of

incorrect

is

throat.

one

be

of

trying

the

case

her

throat.

continues

and

lungs, stomach,
one

to

the

this

in

tongue

young

the

by

effects, for the

the

that
that

physician

ver}^

back

from

the

control

to

inch

says

minutes,

proper

Monroe

depress

an

away

tended
ex-

practise

to

and

the

several

confined

evil

edge

to

and

the

to

known

that

produced

always
its

of

have

severe

obliged

was

sprayed

is

at

so

by acquiring

process

voice

was

of

throat

continued

efficacious, for

very

tones.

down

He

it

back

the

at

throat

produce

from

practise

kept

of

tongue

draws

one

long

time

same

the

be

pupils

position.

of

point

found

his

the

time

Emerson,

three-quarters

centre

this

control

be

W.

the

natural

the

in

point

C.

at

hollow

should

i8i

irritation

requires

and

tones

into

tongue

the

Dr.

Oratory,

After

throat.

tongue

speaking.
of

College

its

The

Bust.

and

the
far-

begins
the

canal,
to

nasal
and

other

parts.
The

practise

of

sound

in

imitation

of

the

baying

of

Vocal

82

Gymnastics
y

hound

is

and

much

does

of

system

physical
is

laughing
is

and

toward

conducive

who

of the

"

in

unless
A

phlegmatic,
people,
bold,
who

also

While

few

melancholy
malicious

in
vocal

developing

dry

the

exercises

temper

gymnastics
muscles

of

can

in

laugh

be

those

gar
vul-

usually

and

respectable

but

prevails

unsteady

swelling /; proud,
in

0,

those

and

unreliable.

are

the

Latin

Timorous,
a

it

association

Latin

prevails.

persons

often

the

people, laugh

are

which

denotes

When

bantering
00

the

in

and

temper

are

through

as

own,

persons

way

well
its

the

honest

soul
reflex

as

laugh

jerking

acquired

person.

imperious,

laugh

is

in

laugh

who

open-hearted,

habit

undemonstrative

Those

merry

create

of

prevails

that

The

exercises

language

is

moral

digestion

ear

there

and

of

fact

aids

the

tones.

part

infectious

which

excessive,

an

It

to

body,

has

of

known

How

possesses

vowel

be

the

imitation.

and

individual.

to

well

Laughing

two.

the

in

laugh

the

Laughter

supposed

are

delicious

feeling,

value.

reveals

character

how

the

healthy, happy
physical

spirits.

diaphragm

important

exercise.

good

the

resonance

an

is

beneficial

through

between

often

It

is, and

itself

expresses
action

culture.

to

rippling laugh

estabHshing
form

most

strengthening

should

exercises

Laughing

in

exercise

potent

of
throat

practised

value

inestimable
and

chest,

without

the

there

in

are

vocaliza-

Chest

Throat,

with

tion

is

with

the

impossible

when

of

every

Ninety-nine
restricted

freely

out

their

by

and

Is

chests?

attractive

development

instead

of

which

delicacy

of

beauty

the

has

muscles

its

and

methods,

of

resorted
excellent

exercise

to

in

best

any

but

connection

for

to

of

certain
with

more

see

the

the

lungs,

rounded

flesh

lacks

beautiful

than

obliterates

tissue

foe

woman's

to

avoided

by

proper

if

to

the

subject

is

body
parts

voluntary

after

tone

firmness

secure

freely,

Even

done

be

the

few

throat-muscles

prominent,

part

usually

massage.

can

way

is

be

the

using

it less

of

ruthless

can

"

much

render

rotundity
active

by

apex

adipose

That

chin

and

The

of

not

flabby

be

to

exercising

appearance

indolent.

too

said

grace.

double

correctly,

made

be

air

so

see

do

too

inspire

we

we

with

covered

Excess

and

flabby

precautionary

breathing

neck

used.

either

to

that

developed,

and

properly

indolent

the

chest

are

women

over

and

emaciated.

contour

fleshy

chest

hardly

can

is

"

tissue.

character, and

in

desired

breathing

of

women

then

the

deep

not

are

too

are

wonder

the

"

or

to

Beauty

hundred

any

expanded

being

adipose

one

it

practise

lungs

one

Even

proper

by

the

183

attain

movements.

clothing

fully.

To

sedulously

must

one

connection

neck

Bust.

satisfactory results.

most

development
in

and

the

be

not

cular
mus-

of

means

be

can

massage
exercise

up

and

by

it

with

most

results.

Ordinarily

the

line

from

the

point

of

the

chin

to

the

Vocal

184

forms

neck
this

line

best

for

developing

When

the

larynx

This

out.

the

find

almost

it

persistent
made

effort

the

hollows
then

air, and
it is

forced

The

surface.

neck

attached

is

the

the

for

few

which

flat

to

and
the

puffs

persons

but

by

its

action

for

filling
with

lungs
seconds

as

lower

and

much

lies

and

this

developing

By

nearly

covers

thin,
chin

rendered

are

exercise

throat

the

diaphragm.

clavicle.

throat

and

is

neck,

and

filling the

by

muscle

myoides

It

below

the

by

the

of

is

neck

the

action

some

larynx,

excellent

An

it in

holding
upward

front

extends

the

in

platysma

entire

will.

throat

forcible

accomplished

is

larynx

the

the

shapely

reducing

practice

move

is

and

by

this

to

be

can

the

throat
downward

beginning

it

to

the

accompanied

impossible

subject

up

the

In

tongue.

the

sinking

moves

is

movement

throat

the

and

Rising

curve.

exercise

angle.

of

is

When

angle.

right

Gymnastics,

jaw,

shapely

more

near

very

muscle

the

and

the
and

beautiful.
The

next

giving
of

side

against
as

exercises

two

the

flexibility to
the
the

possible,

thorax

ribs.

then

exercise

must

exercise

place

be

one

for

the

Place

fingers
the

Move

outward

as

performed

very

hand

the

upon

the

expanding

muscles.

with

floating
and

are

forward

ribs
far

hand

on

and

inward

as

possible.

as

slowly.
upper

chest

part

In
of

the
the

and
either

press
much
This

next

chest.

Vocal

86

for

used

terious

If

to

this

usually

purpose

which

substances

one

uses

any

the

nourish

pads

should

divert

the

Gymnastics,

blood

it

While

glands.

not

be

from

contain

simply

application

worn,

it.

etc.

arsenic

inflate

should

trying

for

they

do

but

be

to

press

other

and

of

develop.

not

some

develop

down

dele^

pure

the

upon

oil

bosom

and

XV.

CORRECT

'T^HE

AND

often

is

of

of

it

As

absurd

would

with

to

advise

all

all

derive

that

of

matter

all

kind,

and

law

No

the

would

urally
nat-

the

entirely

benefit

from

cold

the

But

walk;

to

visability
ad-

upon

exercise.

good

take

rational

that

me

persons

can

herself

it

It

is

takes

of

of

physically

certainly

one

into

of

health

it

would

walking
plunge

good
the

bathing

as

baths

exactly

the

same

one

must

Every

well

open

mentally.

as

for

exercise

air

diet,

taken

exercise.

as

and

be

must

require

persons

amount

that

in

as

state

two

same

unto

walking,
people.

exercise,
and

temperament

consideration.

of

is

walking

that

say

affirm

to

the

one's,

for

rule

taught
depends

exercise

of

stand-point,

has

desirous

are

sort

any

cise,"
exer-

impunity.
In

be

of

who

by

general

healthful

persons

conditions

experience

unreservedly

not

as

walking

by

me

kind

any

individual.

should

but

yes,

say

to

put

from

Speaking

CARRIAGE.

consider

you

physical

their

improving

means.

be

'*do

question

ELEGANT

and

the

into

As

majority

bright

sun-

Correct

88

light;

it

of

muscles

the
To

of

those

which

and

do

frequently

of

who

individual
what

he

is

walk

for

natural
One

of

is

poised,

if you

Few

One

health.

to

positions

the

as

to

body
would

daily

would

be

cultivate

well

of

standing

bring

each

who

trouble.

in

the

open

air

and

part

to

that

fruits

repaid

for

of

the

tic
firm, elas-

are

this

exercise.

perly
pro-

conducive

giving

body

can

you

manner

walking,
of

this

their

see

in

persons

for

yourself

the

quisite
re-

paid

walk

and

first

those

and

enjoy

the

imagines

Few

Habituate

erect,

The

exercise.

amply

gracefully

subject
would

but

are

it.

walk

persons

this

little

is

the

end.

an

foot-steps

so

valuable

most

to

step

gaits

realize

the

means

walking,

without

your

of

of

taken

healthful

persons

energetic

of

locomotion

hold

step

brisk,

accustomed

exist

as

delightful

shambling

one

dragging

enjoyment
sake

form

scarcely

losing.

the

who

with

walks

the

to

simply

used

as

perienced
ex-

bring

properly

walking

is, few

thus

and

that
is

not

must

"

know

ambling,

truth

walking,

is

exercises

the

to

strength

is

legs

that

of

speak

The

observed.
of

when

would

we

of

which

our

all exercise

of

refer

not

delight

true

to

But

enjoyed.

exercise

result

if

"

move

many

legs.

degree

exhilaration

must

play

and

arms

minor

play

into

brings

an

We

into

the

is

even

brings

driving.

energies

our

and

chest, abdomen,
with

invariably

Carriage.

Elegant

blood

the

endowed

in

glow

the

quickens

walking

all

and

tion
considera-

and
into

to

such

proper

and

Correct

relation
of

with

harmony

and
this

chapter

which

give

practise

of

practise

of

graceful walking

muscles

of

the

carriage

will

the
well

until

she

standing

that

The

chest

far

enough

think

of

accepted
the

head

it

out

raised

that

the

to

shoulders

and

to

scapula prominent,
rather

abdominal
of

than
muscles

place.

When

abdomen

is

decreased,

the

are

rendered

body

extended,

back.

This

shoulders

dignity.

the

When

distended
is

and

the

organs

less

liable

to

body

is

poised

generally
throw

must

Such

the

raised
of

the
the

disease.

appearance,

and

chest

the

over

one

abdomen,

of

more.

position,

and

chest

My

once

drooping

the

the

importance

gravity

stiff,unattractive
the

walk

rules

fallacious.

is

protrudes

are

the

It

of

agents

the

it

carriage

erect

easy

therefore

vital

of

flat.

the

cannot

to

centre

The

considered.

such

and

the

the

with

attention

an

the

into

arms

is of

scapula

secure

be

call

bring

to

idea

pomposity
the

be

feet, and

the

to

of

one

acquainted

position

correct

the

all

to

daily

and

dignified

correctly,

thing

be

to

necessary

gives

throws

first

the

cultivate

so

But

stand

to

the

is

forward

time

natural, and

learned

should

movement

the

the

but

standing,

balls

has

will

strengthened.

supposed

are

after

pose
pur-

muscles.

the

train

the

is

suggestions,

exercises

quite
thus

position

readers

that

body

be

and

189

It

part.

few

develop

become

will

body

other

every

to

will

Carriage.

Elegant

is

expresses

depressed

organs
size
lower

makes

forced
of

part

the
of

Correct

190

shoulder

Prominent
incorrect

they

They

appearance

by

and

turned

about

ease

and

bear

the

length

dignity,

and

no

the

practice,

with

the

walk

miles

and

to

invigorated

that

nine

by it.

The

becomes
the
of

the

with

spine

only

this

like
such

into

the

not

ten

bow,

force

constant

that
and

the

will
will

After

walk
be

few

back

weight

aches
head-

walking.
to

say

aggravated

or

until

concussion.

able

positively

of

is

of

be

and

step brings

violent

with

weeks

but

mode

the

brought

will

one

toes

of

length

caused

the

every

taken

exaggeration

are

the

with

backaches

thrown

and

from

motion

exhausted,

seem

cases

correct

has

strain

popular

energy

the

one

foot, she

Severe

this

"

following gently

position,
feel

not

usually

is

the

head.

of

does

every

body

curved

heels

in

it

of

out

body

result

observation

From

and

the

often

are

of

strengthened.

and

line, and

unnecessary

spine

not

into

desired.

easily

After

starts

in

of

In

hang

habits

sides

deal

great

of

be

the

at

result

walking

to

point, but

she

twice

upon

and

in

much

elbows.

body.

heels

correct

In

in

the

any

the

of

the

outward,

step

directing

position, if

standing

hugged

stiffly at

motions

is

relaxed

are

held

not

be

the

overcome.

arms

stiffening

arms

natural

good

to

resulting

the

shoulder,
the

to

them

position

the

seem

usually

cultivating

entirely

of

Carriage.

are

by

be

can

usually

toward

blades

position

easy

Elegant

and

carriage,

standing
free,

and

the

thrown
the

spine
on

vertebrae

to

and

Correct

To
is

with

move

said

be

have

to

travels

at

walk

To

excited.

thoroughly

alive,

thought

practise,

and

and

at

not

fair

to

with

less
breaththe

hurried,
of

who

walking

pace,

acme

cannot

destination

appear

the

is

and

of

her

hurry,

One

walk.

refinement
reaches

and.

pace

191

without

apparently

graceful

the

acquired

rapid

and

high-bred,

Carriage.

and

self-possession

requisite of

Elegant

body

requires

refined, highbred

motion.
exercises

Poising
a

The

poises.

into

brought

from

it

keep

of

the
I

asked

stepping

so

so

floor

will

chest

of

instep.

that

the

as

to

person

Walking

Bear

toe

the

the
who

should

in

always

meaning

veiy

that

mean

Correct

shall

heel,
that

fall

line

toe, while
walks

not

thrown
leads

incorrectly
be,

as

it

with

ball

the
from

at

nearly

the

chest

thence

with

in

point, for
touch

ground

is

the

results

would

and

feet.

this

dropped

is

that

fact

the

dropped

the

body

on

at

the

u^til
foot

should

toe

line

of

the

walking
upon

succession

the

before, and

not

of

clear

the

of

other

mind
is

weight

cultivation

foot

the

weight

chest

heel.

prominently
fall

if I
the

time

same

my

one

then
the

sustain

the

of

upon

and

greater

make

to

before

leading

forward.

that

ground

the

falling

foot, and

often

am

to

the

wish

lost,

the

in

consists

supported

action

walking

correct

is
is

gravity

aids

walking

weight

of

centre

for

walk,

graceful

valuable

are

to

from
fall

many

to

the
the
the

per-

the

weight

far

so

the

of

and

pronounced

the

feet.
the

and

of

much

the

of

of

woman

disease

with

noticeable

the
in

rigidity

same

the

latter

freedom

the

by

result

distressing

sailor
which

hips,

case

of

to

that

see

on

is

toil.

severe

of

shore.

with

that

walk

in

walking

leisurely

directly traceable

of

to

the
the

dom
freesisters.

gives

erect

is

caused

acquire

to

with

body,
but
have

should

ungraceful
awkward

be

to

be

where
some-

be

rolling gait suggestive

Much

of

cause

cannot

who

and

and

ease

entire

others

Still

the

seek

the

jerkiness

movement

Even

that

Others

movement

waist
the

movement

of

position

hard-working
to

and

incorrect

opportunity

makes

and

men

disease,

the

of

to

hygiene

that

are

hip

her

of

looker-on.
all

the

and

former

of

to

at

absence

muscle

by

attention

cramped

women.

same

the

along

move

to

gait

presenting

recently
we

to

of

awkward

laws

traceable

organs

ambition

general

heard
the

that

effort

very

of

the

surprising

The

position

the

in

whole

dyspepsia, kidney

organs.

the

that

an

the

not

directly

with

throw

call

to

of

is

persons

Such

fail

it

incident

wealth,

high,

so

disregard

of

false

Some

view.

to

disarrangement

attractive, walks

The

toe

ailments

the

and

abdomen,

the

reveals,

bodily

the

lungs,

total

victims

the

foot.

cannot

walk

other

Carriage,

the

exposed

such

are

positions

and

movement

ordinary

numberless

the

is

With

women

of

back

shoe

sole

Elegant

forward

thrusting

sons,

as

and

Correct

192

from
of

motion

positions

there

peasantry,
of

women

life
of

moving

avoid

we

of

motion

weight

long

The

it

is

of

The
the
which
and

body

and

of

is

the

animating

nearly

circulation

and

should

cultivation
for

duty,

cultivated,

the

but

of

potency
and

grace,

and

staginess

graceful

far

as

forward

left

and

right

people

ailments,

how

legs

weight

quence
conse-

so

Strength,

acquiring

of

anatomy

Notice

feet

for

poising

many

the

so.

as

speech

The

overestimated.

which

in

understands

in

foot

in

carriage

possible, with

as

alternately, moving

room.

manner

productive

in

the

on

in

carriage.

be

the

to

avoided.

practise
consists

walking

across

be

doubtless,

possible.

as

regarded

should

should

Excellent

be

be

cannot

affectation

the

in

ness
graceful-

acquired

provincialisms

"should

charm

repose

noiselessly

as

overcome

motion

habit

The

body.

pecuHar

due,

the

to

entire

for

walking

and

idiosyncracies

graceful
its

to

in

lead

of the

noted

are

motion

Carriage.

carriage

nations

they

try

we

Elegant

proud

Eastern

secluded

As

is

gliding

or

of

and

Correct

94

much

the

body

result

of

the

to

act

but

up,

inertia.

body

double,

the

to

also

cramping

consequently

the

Instead

own

the

easy

not

only

additional
of

raising

to

it.
lift

weight
the

chest

bend

the

hindering

free

weight,
organs,

that

is about

not

is

who

wonder

there

levers,

as

stairs

observer,

does

dead-lift

lift its

down

careful

body,

of

and

up

and

the

made

are

go

breathing;

we

panting

for

Figure

1.9.

and

Correct

breath

reach

we

The

present

than

gracefully

the

to

with

step

their

bodies,

up-stairs
they
of

score

of

faulty

more

women

the

skirts

in

from

step

contort

egant
inel-

most

do

they

will

about

less
ascend

as

women

in

more

are

men

invariably spring

while

their

kick

group

will

active,

is

we

heavy

by

because

half

spectacle

walk

rule,

men

chests
and

as

watch

The

thing.

same

Men

197

down

bands,

Observe

clothing.

stairs, then

of

flight

do,

what

weighted

man.

average

women

with

burdened

effort

numberless

by

the

Carinage.

the

in

woman,

average

than

carriage

top, but

fettered

skirts, and

the

Elegant

manner.

up-stairs

Going
those

for

who

for

in

this,

muscular
forced

in

air,

In

as

that

the
of

ball

In

kept

in

of

the

mother

closed.

blood

is

the

body
filled

lungs
the

top
the

through

stairs,the
the

of

up-stairs
the

pulse,

rapidity

the

When

slowly

and

the

and

which

extended,

foot,

by

force

at

ascending

correctly

are

quicken

going

exhaled

be

as

the

properly done,

and

not

rate

chest

mouth

should

air

on

heart.
with

erect,

descending,

be

always

the

the

it will

the

if it be

trouble

exercise,

determine

and

the

other

any

held

be

that

say

from

and

to

reached

light

as

exercise,

organic

no

not

action

should
with

have

I will

dressed.

is excellent

weight

step should

the

cradle

of

body

in

sitting

is

trils.
nos-

should
be

as

her^ sleeping

babe.
The

proper

position

of

the

is

quite

as

Correct

198

essential

health

to

the

usually

awkward

Figure
so

their

social

bolt
is

for

this

contracts

and

often

stomach,

should

the

who

The

spine.

not

sit

to

In

the

more

graceful
un-

spine

it

line,
waist-

and

position
chair

and

made

was

and

sits

lungs

the

on

position, against

not

the

Another

upon,

does

sitting

at

cramps

out

form
per-

always

left.

dyspepsia.

up

demoralizing

forward

slipping

may

be

more

or

in

chest

erect

person

chest,

of

and

to

bend,
the

backward,

made

the

repose,

should

chest

or

in

that

the

could

most

shown

is

they

sit

right

into

serious

most

which

to

everybody

w^arned.

from

never

side,

When

be

hold

bending

the

this

from

result

wishes

one

be

erect,

sitting the

In

but

back

to

nor

the

to

against

of

end

the

upon

the

injuries

than

produces

is

injurious

equally

hold

guard

to

which

To

upon,

swaying

never

sittingposture

position, that

look

to

the

of

stiffly. Nothing

approachableness

essential

necessary

into

sit

tiresome

upright,

sitting

is

one

in

position

proper

settling down

unhindered.

to

mean

and

positions,

organs

functions

necessarily

to

the

and

relaxing

sitting it

bring

to

as

In

19.

the

up-stairs,but

going

injurious

Carriage.

as

grace

for

signal

and

Elegant

and

and

standing, walking,
is

and

the

at

point
the

should

movement

waist.

One

will, but
of
hands

be

always

bend

can

the

action,
should

hips,
as

forward,
not

the

shown
be

from

be

relaxed

in

if

and

active,

kept

the
toward

hips,
the

waist, should

Figure
and

the

20.

feet

Figure

20.

XVL

MISCELLANEOUS

r^IGURE

back

One

the

After

and

foot,

the

Then

the

the

in

possible

as

at

at

the

shoulders

change

straightening
several

the

of

the

and

drop

the

weight

the

left

times,

or

knee

until

back

and

the

heel

the

bending
muscles

left

the

begin

as

knee

left

level

the

with

chest.

foot

right
right.

to

left

the

to

upon

the

the

foot

the

to

lightly

to

of

on

on

tion
posimuscle.

left

bend

elbows

on

The

of

the

ment.
move-

swaying

firmness

forward

hands

leg

rigidly.

next

body

the

the

advance

45",

the

lifting

time

same

of

This

without

leg

place

right;

angle

an

weight

the

carry

of

hollow

ment
move-

times.

to

with

times,

circular

ibur

body

ease

four

leg

the

the

combining

in

grace

swing

to

Care

movement.

versa,

and

holding

one

swinging

foot

far

be

foot

vice

body

aim

without

should

and

of

should

but

body,

front

to

leg

the

swing

to

steadiness

give

to

alternating

an

taken

be

from

is

shows

21

should

EXERCISES.

feel

nate
Alter-

weary.

by

Figure

21.

Miscellaneous

the

Throughout
the
of

action.

The

the

alternately

the

but

the

bending
rise
and

from
raise

Nothing

the

it

jerky,

hips

and

at

points

be

can

is

given

to

lower
Do

or

body

gives

the

several

dignity

the

for

akimbo,

arms

First

wrench

the

turn

neck,

waist, hips, knees,


few

the

seconds,

and

then

and

position.

be

the
this

in

performed

Good

manner.

floor

of

the

to

torso

changing

possible.

as

not

as

the

turn

without

Place

far

so

to

should

and

left

as

pivots

body

knees.

the

but

attention

position

position.

position

exercise

the

if careful

the

slowly

making

the

the

illustrated,

standing

and

base

this

return

next

aid,

slowly

body

Hold

not

upon

front

trunk,

ankles.

The

right

moving

the

slowly

bend

to

ankles

and

not

are

good

the

the

head,

turn

body

directions.

to

from

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Exercises.

Miscellaneous

2o8

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Miscellaneous

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morning

the

in

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211

confirmed.

become

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sensation

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with

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Suggestions.

of

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ation
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imperfectly

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night

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Miscellaneous

212

the

should

bed

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shutting

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Miscellaneous

As

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to

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persons

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mutually

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results.

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2i6

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is

Miscellaneous

2i8

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warfare.
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Miscellaneous

26

influences

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227

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