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National Round
MCQ Section

Friday 4th March 2016

Total Time: 90 minutes

Instructions to Examinees:
Fill out your name, Class, Institution, Class Roll in the box above and mobile phone number.
Mark your answer with a circle ( O ). If you change your mind, clearly cross ( X ) out your answer, and mark
your new answer with a circle ( O ).

You may not, at any point in the examination, communicate in any way with another examinee, use
any type of mobile device (phone, iPod, mp3 player, tablet computer, etc.) or use a calcutator which
can store text and similiar information. If you are found in violation of these instructions, it may lead
to immediate disqualication.
If you need assistance of any kind, ask an invigilator.

Information for Examinees:

The MCQ section contains 75 MCQ questions from Geosphere, Hydrophere, Atmosphere,
Astronomy and Environment.
The total time for MCQ section and analytical section is 90 minutes.

Advice to Examinees:
Try to answer all the questions.
Read the questions carefully, making sure you understand what the question is asking.
If you are not sure about an answer, move on to the next question, and come back to the question
Keep an eye on the time. Good luck!

Supported By:

Knowledge Partner:

Strategic Partners:


U.S Embassy, Dhaka

Department of Geology
University of Dhaka

Media Partners:


Technology Partner:

Radio Dhoni

Association of Geoscientists
for International Development






Organized By:




Independent University, Bangladesh

Youth Engagement Partner:

International Center for

Climate Change and Development

MCQ Section
You should spend about 60 minutes in the MCQ section

1. The age of the Earth is

a. More than 4 billion years
d. More than 1 billion years

b. More than 3 billion years

c. More than 2 billion years

2. With which one Compass needle aligns?

a. Earths Magnetic Field
b. Earths Gravitational Field
c. Earths Centre
d. True North
3. Which of the following statements is true?
a. mineral is a crystalline solid formed through both natural and anthropogenic processes
b. mineral can be an element or a compound
c. mineral contain a variable chemical composition
d. mineral is only used for purication of drinking water
4. On 11 June 2007, the most devastating landslide occurred mainly in
a. Bandarban b. Coxs Bazar c. Rangamati d. Chittagong
5. Lithosphere includes
a. Upper part of Crust
c. Crust and lower part of mantle

b. Crust and upper part of mantle

d. Only continental crust

6. Glaciers cover about ______ land surfaces on Earth .

a. 2%
b. 7%
c. 10%
d. 14%
7. Fossils can give us clues about
a. Past climates
b. Motion of plates

c. Geological events

8. Which of the following are living organisms?

a. Trilobites
b. Ammonites
c. Graptolites

d. All of the above

d. Cycas

9. In the Pacic Ring of Fire _____ of the worlds Earthquakes occur.

a. 50%
b. 60%
c. 70%
d. 80%
10. Which era is termed as the Age of Dinosaurs?
a. Late Proterozoic
b. Palaeozoic c. Mesozoic

d. Cenozoic

11. There are _______ types of beds that form the layers of a delta
a. Two
b. Three
c. Four
d. Five
12. The highest point of a wave is termed as
a. Wave trough
b. Wave height
13. In which layers melting of rocks create magma?
a. Crust
b. Upper mantle
c. a+b
14. Diamond is mostly used a. As a gemstone

c. Wave crest

d. Wave peak

d. Inner Core

b. To cut and polish other materials

15. Which waves will be recoded rst in a seismogram?

a. S-waves
b. Surface waves c. P-waves d. Rayleigh wave

c. In laser

d.In sandpaper

MCQ Section
You should spend about 60 minutes on the MCQ section

1. . is the horizontal distance between crests

a. Wavelength
b. Amplitude
c. Trough

d. Height

2. About what percentage of Earths water is in the Earths ocean

a. 97%
b. 95%
c. 3%
d. 71%
3. At what temperature water freezes?
a. 100 degrees Celcius
b. 0 degrees Celcius
d. none of above

c. 212 degrees Farenheit

4. The process of moves liquid water from plants into the air
a. Transpiration
b. Evaporation
c. Transformation
5. The most abundant life forms in the ocean are
a. Plankton b. Plant
c. Algae

d. Condensation

d. Invertebrate

6. The aphotic zone makes up the of the ocean but a . of its life forms
a. Majority, minority
b. Minority, majority
c. Equal

d. None of above

7. The density (mass per volume) of seawater is than that of fresh water
a. Lesser
b. Greater
c. Equal
d. None of above
8. is anything that causes water temperatures to rise or fall
a. Thermal pollution
b. Water pollution
c. Air pollution
d. All of above
9. Large collections of groundwater can be found in
a. Aquifer
b. Aquitard c. Aquiclude d. Leaky
10. Most rivers are bordered by . which are flat areas that flood when rivers overflow their banks
a. Floodplain
b. Divide
c. Boundary
d. Land
11. Water has been referred to as the because many things can dissolve in water
a. Universal solvent b. Unique solvent
c. Versatile solvent d. All of above
12. The Dead Sea has . salinity
a. 20%
b. 35%

c. 3.5%

d. 30%

13. A measure of the amount of dissolved salt in water

a. Salinity
b. Pure
c. Brackish
d. Swamp
14. Water use that does not use up the water supply
a. Consumptive
b. Non-consumptive

c. Potable

d. Agricultural

15. In developed countries, the three main sources of water pollution are
a. Agriculture
b. Industry
c. Municipal use
d. All of above

MCQ Section
You should spend about 60 minutes on the MCQ section

16. The main factor that causes tides are

a. The gravitational pull of the Moon and the Sun
c. Meteror /comet hit in ocean

b. Change in water level

d. None of above

17. A natural point where groundwater emerges on the Earths surface

a. Geysers
b. Spring
c. Pothole
d. Plunge
18. A vertical column of ocean water, which is divided into different zones according to their depth
a. Water column
b. Water table
c. Hydrogeologic column
d. None of above
19. The part of the ocean closest to the shore, between low and high tide
a. Intertidal zone
b. Oceanic zone
c. Nerotic zone

d. Offshore

20. Mountain range on the ocean floor where magma upwells and new ocean floor is formed
a. East pacific rise
b. Abyssal hill
c. Mid oceanic ridge
d. Trench

MCQ Section
You should spend about 60 minutes on the MCQ section

1. Air pressure is measured by

a. Thermometer
b. Barometer

c. Planimeter

2. Which is the cause of green house gas emmision?

a. Fossil fuel usage b. Burning rainforests
d. All of the the above
3. Humid air is ____________ dry air
a. More dense than b. Less dense than

d. Techometer

c. Industrial Revolution

c. Equally dense as

4. In the earths atmosphere, the atmospheric pressure

a. Increases with height
b. Decreases with height
d. First increases and then decreases with height

d. None of the above

c. Remains constant with height

5. The difference between the very coldest places on Earth and the very hottest is about
a. 50 degrees Celcius
b. 100 degrees Celcius
c. 150 degrees Celcius
d. 200 degrees Celcius
6. If the humidity today is 80%, that means
a. 80% of the molecules in the air are water vapor
b. air contains 80% of the total amount of water it can hold at that temperature
c. air contains 80% of the total amount of water it can hold at 25deg C temperature
d. none of the above
7. The lower the latitude,
a. The less sunlight an area will receive
b. The more sunlight an area will receive
c. All the latitude receive same amount of sunlight
d. Sunlight is not related to latitude
8. Which of the following pollutants can cause brain damage?
a. carbon dioxide
b. nitrogen dioxide

c. lead

d. particulate matter

9. If Dhaka experiences a cool, wet day in October (when the weather is usually Medium, dry),
does that mean the regions climate is changing?
a. The climate is definitely changing
b. No, the climate cannot change
c. May be the climate is changing
d. None of the above
10. In a weather map, the lines joining all those regions with the same atmospheric pressure are called
a. Bars
b. Milibars
c. Isobars
d. None of the above

MCQ Section
You should spend about 60 minutes on the MCQ section

1. Which planet has a surface and atmosphere most like the Earth?
a. Mars
b. Jupiter
c. Mercury
d. Venus
2. Which is the most widely accepted theory of formation of the universe?
a. Big Bang Theory b. Steady State Universe Theory
c. Nebular Hypothesis
d. Plasma Theory
3. Why Neptune is blue in color?
a. Because of ice
b. Because of atmospheric gases
d. Because of reflectance of light
4. What does an AU (Astronomical Unit) mean?
a. The distance from Earth to the nearest planet
c. The distance from Earth to the Mars

c. Because of large oceans

b. The distance from Earth to the Sun

d. The distance from Earth to the Moon

5. The red colour visible during a lunar eclipse is due to

a. Dust in moons atmosphere
b. Dust in earths atmosphere
c. Dust in suns atmosphere
d. Dust in space
6. Which planet is less dense than water?
a. Jupiter
b. Saturn
c. Neptune

d. Uranus

7. What is the order of size of planets from greatest to least?

a. Uranus>Saturn>Neptune>Jupiter
b. Jupiter>Uranus>Saturn>Neptune
c. Jupiter>Neptune>Uranus>Saturn
d. Jupiter>Saturn>Uranus>Neptune
8. Global Positioning System(GPS) is a product of
a. Navigational Satellite
b. Natural Satellite
c. Imaging Satellite
d. Communications Satellite
9. Suppose A, B and C weigh 165, 140 and 145 newtons respectively on the planet earth. What would
be their average weight if they could go to the moon?
a. 25 newtons
b. 50 newtons
c. 90 newtons
d. 150 newtons
10. About how many stars are in our galaxy?
a. 200 million
b. 2 billion

c. 20 billion

d. 200 billion

MCQ Section
You should spend about 60 minutes on the MCQ section

1. Carbon ____ An area of an ecosystem that absorbs more carbon dioxide than it produces
a. source
b. sink
c. sea
d. bank
2. The percentage of forestland in Bangladesh is
a. 7
b. 9
c. 13

d. 15.

3. Lead is one of the most serious environmental pollutants which affects

a. Air
b. Soil
c. Water
d. Noise
4. In which sector most energy resources are consumed?
a. Transports
b. Electricity generation
c. Production of electronic material
d. Others
5. ... is a wetland characterized by lush trees and vines in a low-lying area beside slow moving
a. Swamp
b. Marsh
c. Estuary
d. Levee
6. At the point where the Brahmaputra meets the Teesta River in Bangladesh, it becomes known as the
a. Jamuna
b. Atrai
c. Meghna
d. Shitalakhya
7. Which of the following is expected to have the highest value (gm/m2/yr) in a grassland ecosystem?
a. Tertiary production
b. Gross production (GP)
c. Net production (NP)
d.Secondary production
8. A _____ consists of all individuals of a single species that occur together at a given place and time.
a. population
b. community
c. ecosystem
d. kingdom
9. Climate is the average of weather in a particular location over a long period of time, usually for at
a.100 years b.100 days
c. 50 years
d.30 years.
10. Land areas heat ___ quickly than the oceans.
a. more
b. less
c. equally
d. none of these
11. Geothermal energy is
a. clean
b. unsafe

c. non-renewable

d. all of these

12. Energy flow in ecosystem is ____.

a. Bidirectional
b. Multidirectional

c. Unidirectional

d. All around

13. Which of the following is primary consumer?

a. Producer
b. Carnivore

c. Top carnivore

d. Herbivore

MCQ Section
You should spend about 60 minutes on the MCQ section

14. An air mass is a batch of air that has nearly the same temperature and humidity. If the temperature
difference between the two air masses is high, then the winds will be
a. strong
b. moderate
c. weak
d. steady
15. Atomic mass of arsenic
a. 33 b. 34 c. 35

d. 36

15. A thunderstorm usually have a duration of

a. one day
b. several hours
c. 15 to 30 minutes

d. several days

16. What is marsh gas?

a. biogas
b. methane gas

d. ethane gas

c. condensate gas

17. When one animal copies the appearance, actions, or sounds of another animal to avoid predators,
it is called
a. Mimicry
b. Commensalism
c. Competition
d. Symbiosis
18. According to WHO, the tolerance limit of suspended particle of matter in air is
a. 200 microgram/cubic meter
b. 20 microgram/cubic meter
c. 2 microgram/cubic meter
d. 2000 microgram/cubic meter
19. Sundarban is a
a. wetland

b. tropical forest

c. mangrove

d. a & c

20. Which is not applicable for fuel?

a. The food you eat acts as a fuel for your body
b. Gasoline fuel provide the energy for most cars, trucks, and buses
c. Diesel fuel provide the energy for most cars, trucks, and buses
d. None of the above