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Name

Date

Class

Reteaching
Classifying Real Numbers

A set is a collection of objects. You use several different number sets as


you study algebra.
Natural Numbers

{1, 2, 3, 4, }

Whole Numbers

{0, 1, 2, 3, 4,}

Integers

{, 4, 3, 2, 1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4,}
a where a and b are integers
Numbers that can be written as __
b
and b0. (As decimals they terminate or repeat.)
a . (As decimals, they neither
Numbers that cannot be written as __
b
terminate nor repeat.)

Rational Numbers
Irrational Numbers
Real Numbers

All rational and irrational numbers

Identify the subsets of real numbers to


which 17 belongs.

Identify the subsets of real numbers to



which 5 belongs.
a ,so it is
This number cannot be written as __
b
an irrational number. All irrational numbers are

also real numbers, so 5 belongs to these two
sets.

This number can be used to count things,


so it is a natural number. All natural numbers
are also whole numbers, integers, rational
numbers, and real numbers, so 17 belongs
to these five sets.

Practice
Identify the subsets of real numbers to which each number belongs.
4
1. __
9

2. 21

a , so it
This number can be written as __
b
is a rational number and a

This number is the opposite of a natural

real

number, so it is an integer,

number.

number, and a

real

rational

number.

Identify the subsets of real numbers to which each number belongs.


3. 1.5

4. 63,298

rational, real

natural, whole, integers,


rational, real
6. 5

5. 0

whole, integers, rational, real

irrational, real


3
7. ___
11

8. 33

irrational, real

rational, real
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Saxon Algebra 1

Reteaching

continued
Closure is a property of a set. A set is closed under a given operation
if the outcome of the operation on any two members of the set is also
a member of the set. A counterexample is an example that proves
a statement false. Intersection    and union    are two ways
to combine sets.
Find A  B and A  B.
A  {1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 8}; B  {2, 4, 6}

Determine whether the statement is true


or false. Give a counterexample if the
statement is false.
The set of integers is closed under
multiplication.

Step 1: Find the elements that are in A and B.


A  B  {2, 6}

Multiply two integers: 2  3  6

Step 2: Find the elements that are in A or B.


A  B  {1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8}

3  5  15
7  2  14
The product is always an integer, so the
statement is true.

Practice
Determine whether the statement is true or false.
Give a counterexample if the statement is false.
9. The set of natural numbers is closed under multiplication.

8
19 9
7  5  35
natural number , so the statement is true

Multiply two whole numbers:

The product is always a

24

Find A  B and A  B.
10. A  {1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 11}; B  {1, 3, 5, 7, 9}

11. A = {4, 8, 12}; B = {0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10}

5, 7}
A  B  {1, 2, 3, 5 , 7 , 9 , 11}

A  B  {4,

A  B  {1, 3,

8}

A  B  {0, 2, 4,

8 , 10 , 12 }

Determine whether each statement is true or false.


Give a counterexample if the statement is false.
12. The set of rational numbers is closed under subtraction.

true

10  (2)   5  5

13. The set of irrational numbers is closed under division. false;

2  2  1, not irrational

Find A  B and A  B.
14. A  {2, 6, 10, 14, 18}; B  {0, 2, 4, 6, 8}

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A  B  {2, 6};
A  B  {0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 14, 18}
2

Saxon Algebra 1

Name

Date

Class

Reteaching

Understanding Variables and Expressions


Constants and variables are the building blocks of algebraic expressions.

A constant is a quantity whose value does not change. A constant is


usually a number. A variable can change, or vary, and is used to represent
an unknown number. A letter is usually used to represent a variable.

Constants
7ab

4c

Variables
Identify the constants and variables in the
expression 9x 7.

Identify the constants and variables in the


equation 8y xz 2.

Step 1: Find the constants.

Step 1: Find the constants.

The numbers 9 and 7 never change.


They are constants.

The numbers 8 and 2 never change.


They are constants.

Step 2: Find the variables.

Step 2: Find the variables.

The letter x represents an unknown


number. It is a variable.

The letters x, y, and z represent


unknown numbers. They are
variables.

Practice
Identify the constants and variables.
1. 11jk m

2. 9z 2y 13

The number 11 is a constant because


it never changes.

The numbers 9, 2, and 13


are constants because they
never change.

The letters j, k, and m are


variables because they represent
unknown numbers.

The letters z and y are variables


because they represent unknown numbers.

3. 3x 7y 20

4. 9h 5fg 1

constants

The numbers 3, 7, and 20


are constants because they never change.

The numbers 9, 5, and 1 are


because they never change.

The letters x and y are variables


because they represent unknow numbers.

The letters h, f, and g are variables


because they represent unknown numbers.

Identify the constants and variables.


5. 24uv 3
Constants:

6. 100x 2wz

24, 3

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Variables:

u, v

Constants:
3

100, 2

Variables:

x, w, z

Saxon Algebra 1

Reteaching

continued
Constants and variables can be multiplied to form a product. Each constant
and variable in a product is a factor of the product. The product of a
constant and one or more variables is usually written without multiplication
symbols. For example, 6  s  t is written as 6st.
The numeric factor in a product is called the coefficient. In the expression
6st, the coefficient is 6 and the other factors are s and t.
The parts of an expression separated by or signs are called terms.
Identify the factors and coefficients
in the expression 9ab.

Identify the terms in the expression


3xy  7uv  8.

Step 1: Find the factors.

Recall: The terms are the parts of the


expression separated by or
signs.

The factors, or quantities, that are


multiplied are 9, a, and b.
Step 2: Find the coefficients.

The terms are 3xy, 7uv, and 8.

The coefficient is the numeric factor 9.


Practice
Identify the factors and coefficients in each expression.
7. 4gh

8. yz

The factors, or quantities, that are


multiplied are 4, g, and h.

The factors, or quantities, that are


multiplied are y, and z .

4.

The coefficient is the numeric factor

The coefficient is the numeric factor 1,


which is implied in this case.

Identify the terms in each expression.


y
10. (9x 2) __
xz 5xy

b 8c
9. 3a __
4
The terms are the parts of the expression
separated by or signs. The terms are

b , and 8c
3a, __
4

The terms are the parts of the expression


separated by or signs. The terms are .

y
(9x  2), __
xz, and 5xy

Identify the factors and coefficients in each expression.


3n
11. ___
5
Factors:

12. 7xyz

3, n
__
5

; Coefficient:

3
__
5

Factors:

7, x, y, z; Coefficient:

7

Identify the terms in each expression.


(3r 1)
13. 12p _______ prs
7s

(3r  1)
Terms: 12p, _______
7s

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7jk
14. ____ 9mk 6kn
8mn

7jk 9mk, 6kn


8mn

Terms: _____,

, prs
4

Saxon Algebra 1

Name

Date

Class

Reteaching
Simplifying Expressions Using the Product Rule of Exponents

You have used multiplication to simplify expressions. Now you will use
multiplication to simplify expressions with exponents. An exponent can
be used to show repeated multiplication.
Simplify the expression 3 4.

Simplify the expression (0.2) 3.

Step 1: Identify the base and the exponent.

Step 1: Identify the base and the exponent.

The base is 3 and the exponent is 4.


The exponent 4 indicates that the
base 3 is used as a factor
four times.

The base is 0.2 and the exponent is


3. The exponent 3 indicates that the
base 0.2 is used as a factor
three times.

Step 2: Write the power as repeated


multiplication.
34 3  3  3  3

Step 2: Write the power as repeated


multiplication.
3
(0.2)  (0.2) (0.2) (0.2)

Step 3: Simplify.
3 4  3  3  3  3  81

Step 3: Simplify.
(0.2) 3  (0.2) (0.2) (0.2)  0.008

Practice
Complete the steps to simplify each expression.
1. 4

2. (0.5) 4

The base is
is 3 .
43 4 

and the exponent

44

0.5

(0.5) 4  (0.5)

444

43 

The base is
is 4 .

64

(0.5) 4 

and the exponent

(0.5 ) (0.5) (0.5)

(0.5 ) (0.5) (0.5) (0.5)


 0.0625

Simplify each expression.

512

3. 8 3 

 

2
5. __
5

7. 7 4 

4. (1.2) 2 

16
____

6. 10 5 

625

 

3
8. __
4

2401

9. (3.1) 2 

9.61

10. 10 9 

 

1
___

12. (1.5) 2 

1
11. __
2

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64
5

1.44
100,000
27
___
64
1,000,000,000
2.25
Saxon Algebra 1

Reteaching
continued

Use the product rule of exponents to find the product of powers whose
bases are the same.
Product Rule of Exponents
If m and n are real numbers and x  0, then
xm xn xm  n
Simplify the expression x 2  x 4  x 3.
Step 1: Identify the bases and the
exponents.
Each factor has x as the base.
The exponents are 2, 4, and 3.
Step 2: Add the exponents to find the power
of the product.
x2  x4  x3  x2 4  3  x9

Simplify the expression x 2  x 5 y 3  y 4.


Step 1: Identify the bases.
The first two factors have x as the base.
The last two factors have y as the base.
Step 2: Add the exponents for the factors that
have x as the base. Then add the
exponents for the factors that have
y as the base.
25
 y3 4  x7 y7
x

Practice
Simplify each expression.
3
5
13. y  y

14. s 2  s 7  s 3  t 4  t 6

The base is y and the exponents


are 3 and 5.

y3 y5 y

35

y

The first three factors have S as the


base. The last two factors have
t as the base.

27 3

t

46

s

12

t

10

Simplify each expression.


15. z 2  z 3 
17. u 15  u 10 

z5

16. m 4  m 2  m 5 

u 25

18. z 20  z 80 

19. a 4  a 5  b 2  b 3  b 6 
21. x 10  x 4  y 17 y 2 

a 9 b 11

m 11
z 100

20. g 6  g 2  g 3  h 4 
22. b 4  b 3  f 2  f 7  g 5 

x 14 y 19

g 11 h 4
b 7 f 9 g 5

23. You are taking a true-false test that has two parts. There are 2 5
ways to answer the 5 questions in Part 1. There are 2 10 ways to
answer the 10 questions in Part 2. How many ways are there to
answer all 15 questions?

32,768
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Saxon Algebra 1

Name

Date

Class

Reteaching
Using Order of Operations

You have simplified expressions that contain one operation. Now you will
use the order of operations to simplify expressions that contain more
than one operation.
Order of Operations
1. Work inside grouping symbols.
2. Simplify powers and roots.
3. Multiply and divide from left to right.
4. Add and subtract from left to right.
2
Write the expression 22  (5  3)  7  2 . Then use the order of
operations to simplify.

22  (5  3)  2

 22  2  7  2 2

Simplify inside the parentheses.

 22  2  7 4

Simplify exponents.

 22  14  4

Multiply and divide from left to right.

 32

Add and subtract from left to right.

Practice
Write the expression. Then use the order of operations to simplify.
1. 3  (5  3 )  8  2

2. 27  3 2  2 5

3  (5  3 )  8  2
3

 24 

27 

82

 2 5

25

 20
Write the expression. Then use the order of operations to simplify.
3. (6  10)  2  5  1 
5. 7 2  4 2  3 

39

97

6. 3  3  3  3 

18

7. 25  8  2  3 2 
9. 3  6  4 2  2 

8. 6  10  5 

10

10. 4  7  4  2 2 

29

11. 40  2  3 2 

22

12. 8  12  6  3 

13. 5  3 2  13 

32

14. 21  49  7  1 

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22

4. (6  12)  3  4 2 

7
29
Saxon Algebra 1

Reteaching

continued
Compare the expressions. Use , , or .
2  4 2  10

 6  2 4 2

Step 1: Use the order of operations to simplify each expression.


2  4 2 10
6  2 4 2
2  16 10
3 4 2
18 10
12  2
8
10
Step 2: Compare using , , or .
8  10
Practice
Compare the expressions. Use , , or .

 20 4  3

15. 6 5  16  8  4
6 5 16  8  4
30 

16. 5 2 2  28  7

20 4  3

5 2  28  7

20  16  3

2 4
28  4
32

 14  7  4 2

14  7  4

6

2 4 8 6
2  32  6
34  6

24

7

6

14  7  4 2  6

4  28  7
20  28  7
20  4

3

28

 28

24 

32 

Compare the expressions. Use , , or .


18. 3 5  (4  2)  3 
 2462
 10  2  2 (7  4)

19. 6 (2  4)  3  5 
 12  (8  2) (3  3) 20. 3  4 3  4 
 3 434
21. (20  12)  (4  4) 
 3 2  (6  3) 22. 42  7  2 
 3  (2  1)
23. 5  3 5  6 
24. (5  3)  2  2 
 6  (2  4) 3
 (3  6)  3
25. 54  36  3  30 
 12  3 3  28 26. 20  4 5 2  10 
 (2  4)  12  1
27. (3  6)  3 
28. 6  (2  4) 3 
 5 356
 (5  3)  2  2
17. 2 (7  3 )  4

29. A rectangular swimming pool is 5 feet deep, 17 feet long, and 12 feet
wide. Its volume is (5 17 12) cubic feet. A circular swimming pool
has a radius of 8 feet and is 6 feet deep. Its volume is about
2
(3.14 8 6) cubic feet. What is the difference in volume
between the two pools?

about 185.76 ft 3
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Saxon Algebra 1

Name

Date

Class

Reteaching
Finding Absolute Value and Adding Real Numbers

You have classified real numbers and used them in expressions. Now
you will find the absolute values of real numbers.
Absolute Value
The absolute value of a number is the distance from the number to 0 on a number line.
The absolute value of 2 is written as  2 .

 

3 .
Simplify __
4

Simplify  83 .

3
4

-1 -3 -1 -1
4
2
4

1
4

1
2

3
4

Step 1: Simplify within the absolute value bars.


83  5

Step 2: Find the absolute value.


5

3 unit from 0 on the number line.


3 is __
__
4 4
3.
3 is __
The absolute value of __
4 4

-1

5 is 5 units from zero on the number line.


The absolute value of 83 is 5.
Practice
Complete the steps to simplify each expression.
1.  2.5 

2.  107 
107 

2.5

3
3

-3

-2

-1

1
-3 -2 1

2.5 .is
line.

2.5

 2.5  

units from 0 on the number

is 3 units from 0 on the


number line.
 107   3

2.5

 107  

Simplify.
3.  8.2  
5.

8.2

1 
2__
3

7.  124  

2
1__
3
8

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4.  21  

21

6.  5.4  

5.4

8.

9 
___
11

9
___
11
Saxon Algebra 1

Reteaching
continued

To Add Real Numbers with the Same Sign

To Add Real Numbers with Different Signs

Add the numbers absolute values and use


the same sign as the numbers.

Find the difference of the numbers absolute


values and use the sign of the number with the
greater absolute value.

Find the sum (17) (5).

Find the sum 23 (9).

Step 1: Add the absolute values.

Step 1: Find the difference of the absolute

17  5  22
Step 2: Use the sign of the numbers. The
sign is negative.

values 23  9  14.
Step 2: Find the sign of the number with the
largest absolute value.  23    9 , so
the sign is positive.

(17)  (5)  22

23  (9)  14

Practice
Complete the steps to find each sum.

   

9. (15)  11
15  11 

1 
1
10. __
__
4
2

1  __
1
__

 15  11  so the sign of the answer

is

negative.

3
__
4

negative,
so the sign of the answer is negative.

The sign of the numbers is

(15)  11 

__14   __12 

3
__
4

Find each sum.


11.  16   3 

13

3  __
4
13. ___
10
5

12. (7.5)  (4.5) 

1
__

14. 19  (36) 

15. 14.8   11.2  

   

5
1  __
16. __
3
9

3.6

12

17


8
__
9

17. Jenna saved $28 for a new CD. She bought it on sale for $19. Use
addition to find how much money she had left over.

$9
18. In one hour, a hot-air balloon rose 600 feet. In the next hour, the
balloon dropped 950 feet. Use addition to find the change in the
elevation of the balloon in the two-hour period.

350 ft
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Saxon Algebra 1

Name

Date

Class

Reteaching
Subtracting Real Numbers

You have added real numbers. Now you will subtract real numbers.
Two numbers with the same absolute value but different signs are called
opposites. The opposite of a number is also called the additive inverse.
The sum of a number and its additive inverse is 0.
To Subtract Real Numbers

To subtract a number, add its inverse. Then follow the rules for adding real numbers.
Find the difference (6) 12.

Find the difference (8) (15).

Step 1: To subtract a number, add its inverse.

Step 1: To subtract a number, add its inverse.

(6)  (12)

(8)  15

Step 2: Add the absolute values.

Step 2: Find the difference of the absolute

6  12  18

values. 15  8  7

Step 3: Use the sign of the numbers. The

Step 2: Find the sign of the number with the


largest absolute value.  15    8 , so

sign is negative.

the sign is positive.

(6)  12  18

(8)  (15)  7

Practice
Complete the steps to find each difference.
2. (19)  3

1. (6)  (11)
(6)  (11)  (6) 
11  (6) 

11

(19)  3  (19) 

19  3 

 11  6 , so the sign of the answer

is

22

negative,
so the sign of the answer is negative.
The sign of the numbers is

positive .

(6)  (11) 

(3)

(19)  3 

22

Find each difference.


3.  17   (12) 

 

5  __
1
5. __
8
4
7. (9.1)  2.6 

4. 25  (32) 

7
__
8

1 
5  ___
6. __
12
6

11.7

8. 7  26 

57
11
___
12

19

9. For safety, scuba divers usually do not dive deeper than 40 meters
below sea level. A diver in a helmet suit can safely dive about 21 meters
deeper than a scuba diver. What is the maximum safe depth for
a helmet suit diver in relation to sea level?

61 m
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11

Saxon Algebra 1

Reteaching
continued

Closure
A set is closed under a given operation if the outcome of the operation on any two members
of the set is also a member of the set.
Determine whether the statement is true or false. Give a counterexample if the statement
is false.
The set of natural numbers is closed under subtraction.
Subtract two natural numbers:
321
422
2  3  1
The last statement is a counterexample, so the statement is false.
Practice
Complete the steps to determine whether the statement is true or false.
Write a counterexample if the statement is false.
10. The set A  {1, 0, 1} is closed under subtraction.
Subtract two numbers in the set:
10

01

1

1  1 

2

The last statement is a

counterexample so the statement is false.

Determine whether each statement is true or false. Give a


counterexample for false statements.
11. The set of even integers, {..., 4, 2, 0, 2, 4, ...}, is closed under subtraction.

true
12. The set of irrational numbers is closed under subtraction.

false; sample counterexample: 2 2 0


13. The set of odd integers plus zero, {..., 5, 3, 1, 0, 1, 3, 5, ...} is
closed under subtraction.

false; sample counterexample: 3 1 2


14. The set of integers that are a multiple of 4, {..., 12, 8, 4, 0, 4, 8, 12, ...}
is closed under subtraction.

true
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12

Saxon Algebra 1

Name

Date

Class

Reteaching

Simplifying and Comparing Expressions with Symbols of Inclusion


You have used the order of operations to simplify expressions.
Now you will apply this concept to simplifying expressions within symbols
of inclusion.
Symbols of inclusion indicate which numbers, variables, and operations
are parts of the same term. Some symbols of inclusion are fraction bars,
absolute value symbols, parentheses, braces, and brackets.

Simplify 3[11  (12  9)2]  7. Justify each step.


3[11  (12  9)2]  7
 3[11  32]  7

Simplify inside the parentheses.

 3[11  9]  7

Evaluate the exponent.

 3  20  7

Add inside the brackets.

 60  7

Multiply.

 67

Add.

Practice
Complete the steps to simplify the expression.

 4  [2z   5  7 ]
_____
1. 6z
3
6z
 4  [2z   5  7 ]
_____
3
6z
 4  [2z  2 ]
_____
3

Subtract inside absolute

6z
 4  [2z 2]
_____
3

Simplify

24z  2z  2
____

Simplify the

numerator.

Simplify the

fraction.

8z

 2z  2

10z  2

Add

value symbols.

absolute value.

Simplify.
2.  11  19   15 

23

4. [ (9  2)2  2(13  4) ]  3 

 2  3(7  2)2  5 
_____
6. 14
4

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3. 4(18  3)  (14  10   6 ) 

34

5. 5[ 24  (11  9)3 ]  4 

20

76 3
_____
7. (16  7)2  3
2

22

13

17

Saxon Algebra 1

Reteaching
continued

Compare the expressions. Use , , or .

[ 21  3(9  5)2 ]  50

 (12  7)

 [ 19  3(21  15) ]

Simplify each expression. Then compare.

[ 21  3(9  5) 2 ]  50
 [ 21  3(4) 2 ]  50
 [ 21  3  16 ]  50
 [ 21  48 ]  50
 [ 27 ]  50

(12  7) 2[ 19  3(21  15) ]


 (5) 2[ 19  3(21  15) ]
 25 [ 19  3(21  15) ]
 25 [ 19  3(6) ]
 25 [ 19  18 ]

 50

 25 1
 24

2
Since 23  24, [ 21  3(9  5) ]  50

 (12  7) [ 19  3(21  15) ].



2

Practice
Complete the steps to simplify each expression. Compare the
expressions. Use , , or .
2
8. 2(17  8)  [ 3 (8  6) ]

 [3 (2)

2(17  8)  [ 3 2  (8 6) ]

2 ]
 2(17  8)  [ 9  2 ]
 2(17  8)  7
 2( 9 )  7
 18  7
 11
 2(17  8)  [ 3 2 

Since11

]  4(5  2)

[ 3 (2) 3 ] 4(5  2)
 [ 3 ( 8 ) ] 4(5  2)
 (24)  4(5  2)
 24  4( 7 )
 24  28
 4

 4, 2(17  8)  [ 3 2  (8  6) ]  [ 3  (2) 3 ] 4(5  2).

Compare the expressions. Use , , or .


2
3
9. 6  [ 4(3  2)  2 ]

 5(9  3)  4[ 6  (2) ]

3

 [ (14  9)  6 ]  2

11. 9  [ 3  19  3   5 ]  4 
  23 3 8   [ 2(6  3) + 3 ]
4
10. 3 [ 6 2  5(22  2 4)  1 ]
______

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______

14

Saxon Algebra 1

Name

Date

Class

Reteaching
Using Unit Analysis to Convert Measures

You have used ratios to compare two quantities. Now you will use unit
ratios to convert measures into different units.
Unit analysis is the process of converting measures into different units.
The peregrine falcon can reach speeds up to 200 miles per hour. How fast is this in
yards per hour?
Step 1: Identify the known and missing information.

? yd
200 mi  ______
______
1 hour

So, the conversion is 200 mi ? yd.

1 hour

Step 2: Equate units.

1760 yd
1mi .
So, the unit ratio is _______, or _______
1 mi
1760 yd

1 mi  1,760 yd

Step 3: Write the multiplication sentence. Then multiply.

1760 yd
200 mi  ________
______
1 hr

1 mi
1760 yd
200 mi  _______
______
1 mi
1 hr
200  1760 yd
 ____________
1 hr
352,000 yd
 __________
1 hr

Cancel out common factors.


Multiply.
Write the ratio of yards per hour.

The peregrine falcon can reach speeds up to 352,000 yards per hour.

Practice
1. Alberto Contador won the 2007 Tour de France with an average
speed of about 39 kilometers per hour. What was Albertos average
speed in meters per hour?

1000 m 39
39,000 m
 1000 m  ___________
39 km  _________
______
 ___________
1hr

1 hr

1 km

1 hr

Alberto Contadors average speed was about

2. Some elephants can eat up to 660 pounds


of food per day. How much food can an
elephant eat in tons per day? One ton is
equal to 2000 pounds.

meters per hour.

3. A sprinkler with a flow rate of 2 gallons per


minute is watering a lawn. What is the flow
rate of the sprinkler in gallons per hour?

120 gal/h

0.33 t/d

Saxon. All rights reserved.

39,000

15

Saxon Algebra 1

Reteaching
continued

Remember that area is measured in square units and volume is measured


in cubic units.
A covered patio measures 6.25 yards by 5 yards. What is the area of the patio in
square feet?
Step 1: Find the area of the patio.

So, the conversion is 31.25 yd 2 ? ft 2.

6.25 yd  5 yd  31.25 yd 2
Step 2: Equate units.

1 yd
3 ft .
So, the unit ratio is ____, or ____
1 yd
3 ft
Step 3: Write the multiplication sentence. Then multiply.
3 ft  ____
3 ft
31.25 yd  yd  ____
1 yd 1 yd
1 yd  3 ft

3 ft  ____
3 ft
31.25 yd  yd  ____
1 yd 1 yd

Cancel out common factors.

 3 ft  3 ft
_____________
 31.25
1

Multiply.

 281.25 ft

Write the area in square feet.

The area of the outdoor patio is 281.25 square feet.


Practice
4. Mr. Greenes yard is 50 feet by 20 feet. He wants to buy sod to cover
his yard. Each piece of sod is 1-yard square. What is the area of
Mr. Greenes yard in square yards?
50 ft  20 ft  1000

ft 2

1 yd 1 yd 1000 1 yd  1yd
1000 ft  ft  ____  ____  _____________  111

3 ft 3 ft

The area of Mr. Greenes yard is about

111

5. An interior room is 12 feet by 17 feet.


Carpet pieces are 1-yard square. How
many square yards of carpet must be
purchased to cover the floor of the
room?

square yards.

6. A hose with a flow rate of 15 cubic feet


per hour is filling a large aquarium.
What is the flow rate of the hose in
cubic inches per hour?

25,920 in 3/h

2 yd 2
22__
3

Saxon. All rights reserved.

yd 2

16

Saxon Algebra 1

Name

Date

Class

Reteaching
Evaluating and Comparing Algebraic Expressions

You have simplified expressions containing only numbers and operations.


Now you will evaluate expressions that contain numbers and/or variables.
These expressions are called algebraic expressions.
Evaluate the expression for n 2 and p 1. Evaluate the expression for a 1 and b 3.
6p  3n  np

2(b  a) 3  5b 2

Step 1: Substitute 2 for n and 1 for p in the


expression.

Step 1: Substitute 1 for a and 3 for b in the


expression.

613221

2(3  1) 3  5 3 2

Step 2: Simplify using the order of


operations.

Step 2: Simplify using the order of operations.


2(3  1) 3  5 3 2

613221

 2(2) 3  5 3 2

662

28 59

6

 16  45
 61

Practice
Complete the steps to evaluate each expression for the given values.
2
2
2. 2y  3x  4y; x  3, y  5

1. 8c  4a  ac; a  3, c  2
 8(2)  4 3 
 16 


12

(2)

2(

6

)  3(3)  4 5
2

 2(25) 3(9)

22

 50

27

20

 20 

57

Evaluate each expression for the given values.


3. 3b  ab  2; a  5, b  1

4. 5(c  d)  6(c  2d); c  4, d  1

10

61

5. 7x  2y  3xy; x  5, y  2

6. 2st  t 2  4s; s  3, t  2

61

28

7. m  p 3  7p; m  10, p  2

8. q  r 2  2(4  q); q  6, r  1

25

9. A cable company charges a $36 monthly fee and then $2.99 for each
movie ordered. They use the expression 36  2.99m, where m is the
number of movies ordered, to find the total amount to charge for each
month. How much would the cable company charge for the month of
June if three movies were ordered?

$44.97
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17

Saxon Algebra 1

Reteaching
continued

Compare the expressions when a 2 and b 1. Use , , or .


b 2  4ab  3b 3

2a b
3

Step 1: Substitute 2 for a and 1 for b in the expressions.


(1) 2  4(2)(1)  3(1) 3

2(2) (1)
3

Step 2: Simplify using the order of operations.


(1) 2  4(2)(1)  3(1) 3

 2(2) 3(1)

 1  4(2)(1)  3(1)

 2(8) (1)

 1  (8)(1)  3

 16 (1)

 1  (8)  3

 16

 4
Step 3: Compare using , , or .
Since 4  16, b 2  4ab  3b 3  2a 3b when a = 2 and b = 1.
Practice
Complete the steps to compare the expressions when x 7 and
y 2. Use , , or .
10. 2(x  y)  3x  0.5y
2(x  y)  3x  0.5y

12x  xy

12x  xy

 2(7  2)  3(7)  0.5(2)

 12(7)  (7)(2)

 2(9)  3(7)  0.5(2)

 84  14

 18  21 

 98

 38
2(x  y)  3x  0.5y  12x  xy when x  7 and y  2.
Compare the expressions for the given values. Use <, >, or .

 2a b  5b; a  1, b  3

12. 2h  (2h  k )


 h  (2h  k ); h  3, k  3
13. 5(x  y)  2y
 (x  y ) ; x  5, y  2
14. k  2j
 j  2k; j  3, k  7
2 2
11. 3a b  4b

15. Cell phone company A charges a $30 monthly fee and 15 cents per minute.
They use the expression 30  0.15m to find the total amount to charge
for each month. Cell phone company B charges a $25 monthly fee
and 17 cents per minute. They use the expression 25  0.17m
to find the total amount to charge for each month. Which cell phone
company charges less for 300 minutes during a month? A

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18

Saxon Algebra 1

Name

Date

Class

Reteaching

10

Adding and Subtracting Real Numbers


You have solved problems by adding and subtracting pairs of numbers.
Now you will solve problems by adding and subtracting three or more
rational numbers.

 

3 .
2 __
6 __
1 __
Simplify __
7 7 7
7
Step 1: Write the problem as addition.

Simplify 2.14 0.22 5.25 (3.81).


Step 1: Write the problem as addition.

 

 2.14  (0.22)  5.25  (3.81)

2  __
1  __
3
6  __
 __
7 7
7
7
Step 2: Group the terms with like signs.

 7

Step 2: Group the terms with like signs.


 2.14  5.25  (0.22)  (3.81)

2  __
1  __
6  __
3
 __

7
Step 3: Add.

Step 3: Add.

 7.39  4.03  3.36

3  __
9  __
6
 __
7 7 7
Practice
Complete the steps to simplify each expression.

   
5
  1   __  2  __
9
9
9
 49 
5 2
4  __
   1  __
9
 9 9 9

5  __
2  __
1  __
4
1. __
9
9
9 9
__

 
5
__
9

 7.24  (2.78)  (

__

__

2. 7.24  (2.78)  3.4  5.12

3.4 )  5.12

 7.24  5.12  (2.78)  (

__

2
7  __
 __
9
9

12.36

Simplify.
3 
1  __
4  __
3. __
5 5
5

 6.18 

6.18

  0
13
6
5.  2  5  6   4  ___ or 1__
7
7
7 7
7
7

3 ___
3 
4
5 ___
__
6. ___

13
13 13  13

7. 8.43  5.16  (7.22) 

8. 22.15  1.56  29.04 

__

__

__

 

10.49

9. 1.43  (2.7)  3.14  1.25 

 

5 
3 __
4  __
4.  __
11
11 11

__

6.02

3.4 )

 

2
___
11
5
___
13
5.33

10. 34.19  (21.7)  3.79  15.2 

44.48

11. Mrs. Lewis has $156 in her checking account. She writes two checks
for $31.19 and $15.76 and makes one deposit for $119. What is her
new balance?

$228.05
Saxon. All rights reserved.

19

Saxon Algebra 1

Reteaching

10

continued
Order the numbers from least to greatest.
7 , 0.6, __
2, 1
___
5
10
Step 1: Place each number on a number line.
2
5

-0.6
-2

-1

7
10

1
1

Step 2: To order the numbers, read the numbers on the number line from left to right.
2 , ___
7,1
0.6, __
5 10
Practice
Complete the steps to order the numbers from least to greatest.
4
1, __
12. 1.75, 0.3, __
4 5
-1.75
-2

-4
5

3 , 1.25, ___
5 , 0.4
13. __
5
10
-1
4

-1

0.3
0

-2

The numbers in order from least to greatest


are

-5
10

-1.25

4 , __
1, 0.3.
1.75, __
5
4

-1

0.4

3
5

The numbers in order from least to


greatest are

3.
5 , 0.4, __
1.25, ___
5
10

Order from least to greatest.


1 , __
4, 1.4, 2
14. __
3 3

9 , 1, 0.05
15. 0.9, ___
10

5 , 3.025
16. 5.8, 7, 3__
8

5, 1.2, 0.8
3 , __
17. __
2 6

3 , __
7 , 1.45, 2.7
18. 2__
4 5

8 , 1.5, 0.3
19. 1.75, ___
10

4, __
1
2, 1.4, __
3
3

9
1, 0.9, 0.05, ___
10

5, 3.025
7, 5.8, 3__
8

3 , 1.2, 0.8, __
5
__
2
6

7 , 1.45
3 , 2.7, __
2__
5
4

8
1.75, 1.5, 0.3, ___
10

20. Terra is deep-sea diving. She descends 20 feet below sea level, ascends
7 feet, descends 15 feet and ascends 4 feet. What is her current
position in relation to sea level?

24 ft below sea level or 24 ft

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20

Saxon Algebra 1