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Characteristics of Electrical Systems and Equipment

1 Voltage multiplied by current equals......

2 A Wheatstone Bridge is used to measure an unknown resistance in relation to what?


3 What is this component shown called ?

4 Which of the following statements is most likely for a resistor ?

5 An ideal operational amplifier is characterised by ...........

6 This drawing shows the structure of a .....

7 This drawing shows the structure of a .........

8 This symbol represents a .....

9 This diagram shows the characteristics of a .....

10 This diagram shows the characteristics of a......

11 What is the current I3?

12 What is the voltage across A and B?

13 What type of component is this ?

14 If the resistance of a circuit doubles while the applied voltage remains constant, the current will be ..........

15 A weeknes of semi-conductor is vulnerability to .......

16 What is the main difference between a relay and a contactor ?

17 Which of these materials can be used to insulate magnetic flux ?

18 The resistance in a wire decreases if ..............


19 What is the purpose of the capacitors used across the output of a DC power supply ?

20 A micro-processor is:

21 What kind of device measures pressure and converts it to an electrical signal ?

22 A horse-shoe magnet has ...........


23 One kilo-watt is equal to......

24 Electric current is defined as the flow of electrons through a conductor. This is measured as.....

25 What happens in a circuit when the voltage remains constant and the resistance increases ?

26 Which one of the following devices uses the principle of electromagnetic induction ?

27 What is the voltage across A and B?

28 What is shown by item No 5 on this electric motor ?

29 What is the maximum number of 50 W bulbs you would recommend to be connected to a 220 V outlet fused with a 10 A fast
blowing fuse?

30 What is the purpose of the cable gland in addition to providing a watertight seal ?

31 List the possible causes of overheating of air circuit breakers.

32 Current transformers supply ampere meters and the current operated coils of instruments with a standard current of either ...........

33 What voltages are accredited standard secondary voltages for voltage transformers. ?

34 In an emergency insulation resistance readings lower than normal can be acceptable, but what would the allowable minimum be ?

35 How many diodes are there in a single phase full bridge rectifier ?

36 An electric appliance takes 2500 Watt. The electric current is 15 Ampere. What is the resistance of the load ?

37 Two 30 Ohm resistors are connected in parallel. What is their combined resistance?

38 What will happen when an earth fault occurs on one line of an insulated distribution system ?

39 In the worst case, an electric shock of as low as 15 milli-amps will .....

40 What is the purpose of the lines on this component ?

41 What is the resistance of a heating element of 2 kWatt, 220 Volt ?

42 The basic unit of measurement of inductance is the......

43 What is shown by item No 3 on this electric motor ?

44 What is item No 11 called, shown here in this fluorescent lamp assembly ?

45 In this schematic diagram of a fluorescent lamp, through which points is the electric current absorbed by the lamp during NORMAL
operation (lighting)?

46 Between which points on this schematic diagram of a fluorescent lamp is the STARTER fitted ?

47 In this schematic diagram of a fluorescent lamp, in what location is the BALLAST fitted, if (1) and (2) are the supply terminals ?

48 What is the electrical function of the pressostat shown here ?

49 The pressostat shown in the picture controls the cut-in/cut-out of a pump. To what part of the pump's electric motor would this be
connected ?

50 In both circuits Voltage E is the same and all resistors R have the same value. In which circuit will the current be greater?

51 Which of the two transformers are safer for regulating the voltage E2 in order to avoid electrocuting ?

52 Which of the two transformers can be used for regulating the size of voltage E2 ?

53 Which of the two transformers will provide an electrically insulated voltage E2 from the source voltage E1 ?

54 In oil type circuit breakers, what is the purpose of the oil ?

55 What does the symbol in the diagram show?

56 What is the symbol in the picture show?

57 From the sample diagrams shown, choose the correct voltage waveform measured across the load.

58 What is the function of the circuit shown in the diagram?

59 What is the total resistance of the two resistors shown in the diagram?

60 Calculate the current "I" in the diagram?

61 What will the total resistance of the four resistors shown in the diagram?

62 What is the total resistance of the three resistors shown in the diagram?

63 During "Short circuit" the..........

64 What does the symbol in the picture show?

65 What does the symbol in the diagram show?

66 What does the symbol show?

67 What kind of values can change continuously? Pressure and temperature are examples.

68 What does the symbol in the diagram show?

69 Two electrical heaters both marked 220 Volt and 2200 W are connected in series to a 220 Volt supply with a 10 A fuse. What will
happen?
70 What does the symbol in the diagram show?

71 What will happen if the connections between an ammeter and an instrument transformer located on the generator main bus-bars
are disconnected ?

72 What is the purpose of an instrument transformer installed on the generator main bus-bars?

73 What is the purpose of a preference load tripping system ?

74 How will an earth failure be noticed in an insulated distribution system ?

75 A ship's electrical system is usually the so-called "insulated neutral" type. What does this means?

76 Express 125mA in amperes?

77 How many ohms make one megohm?

78 Can a current as low as 25mA kill a human being?

79 The electrical resistance of human body depends from .........


80 Which of the following statements is correct?

81 What can the component showed in the picture be used for?

82 What is the purpose of the circuit shown here?

83 Which of the following is not a requirement for the Navigation light distribution board?

84 The state of charge of a lead acid battery is best indicated by......

85 What is a diode?

86 Which of the four alternatives shown gives the correct voltage output across component L when a step change in voltage is
applied to the circuit?

87 Which of the four alternatives shown gives the correct voltage output across component C when a step change in voltage is
applied to the circuit?

88 What safety protection measure should be taken when connecting a multimeter to an unknown voltage source?

89 Sulphation in a lead acid battery occurs as a result of:


90 When charging lead-acid batteries, the charging rate should be reduced as the battery nears its full charge to ...........

91 What type of electrolyte is used in a nickel cadmium battery?

92 Why should an electronic digital meter be used to measure voltage in electronic circuits?

93 What type of probe is most suitable to measure the main engine exhaust temperature?

94 Which of the following four materials is the best electrical conductor ?

95 The specific gravity of the cells in a lead acid battery for the emergency generator is found to be 1.250. What action would you
take?

96 An electrical heater is marked 220 V, 4400 W. What is the resistance of the heater?

97 What does the symbol "A" represent?

98 When will coil C be activated ?

99 How will coil C be activated ?

100 How can lamp E be turned on?

101 What conditions are needed for relay A to be activated ?

102 What will happen when switch D is closed?

103 What is the purpose of the circuit shown in the diagram ?

104 What does this symbol show ?

105 What does the symbol in the diagram show?

106 What is the circuit shown here used for?

107 In the diagram, if E is set to 15 Volt, Uz will be 12 Volt. What will Uz become if E is increased to 20 Volt?

108 Battery rooms must be ventilated because it......

109 Complete the sentence. Ships normally use an AC insulated neutral distribution system because....
110 What are ideal conditions for taking insulation test readings of a motor or alternator?
111 What is the purpose of the part circled red ?

112 On an electrical drawing what symbol represents impedance?

113 In one cycle of 3-phase AC how often is voltage at peak value?

114 Why is a ballast resistor fitted in fluorescent lamps?

115 The ratio of active power to apparent power is known as?


116 In a purely resistive circuit what is the phase difference between voltage and current?

117 For value 0 - max in the AC sin wave how far does the rotating vector (phasor) travel?

118 In the formula e = B l Sin. What does 'e' represent?

119 Why are Arc chutes fitted in circuit breakers?

120 Two resistors of 6O ohm & 3O ohm are connected in parallel across an EMF of 12V, what is the effective resistance?

121 What governs induced EMF in a conductor?

122 In what situation is Induced EMF given by the formula e=Blv?

123 Which of the following would you expect to find at the main switchboard?

124 What happens in a circuit when the voltage remains constant and the resistance increases?

125 What gases are present in the modern incandescent lamp?

126 In parallel connected resistors which value remains constant?

127 The current ratings of cables are determined by ...........


128 Which statement is true for induced E.M.F.?

129 What is the unit for energy?

130 How much energy is dissipated when a 2A current is passed through a 50 ohm resistor for 3 minutes?

131 Which of the following four materials is the best electrical conductor?

132 What is impedance?

133 What law states that induced EMF always opposes the change producing it?

134 What kind of device measures pressure and converts it to an electrical signal?

135 Why should an earth failure be checked and cleared as soon as possible?

136 Using Fleming's Right Hand Rule what does the thumb indicate?

137 If the effective resistance of a circuit is 8 ohm and current from source is 1.5A what is the E.M.F.?

138 What would a clamp type ampere meter read if clipped around a 3-core cable known to carry 100 Amps to a 3-phase electric
motor?

139 What is the continuity resistance of a heating element of 2 kWatt, 220 Volt?

140 Which one of the following devices uses the principle of electromagnetic induction?

141 How can an Ammeter measure a variety of current values?

142 What law determines the direction of induced EMF?

143 What problem can arise from auto starting electric equipment?

144 Why should an earth failure be checked and cleared as soon as possible?

145 What is the unit for power?

146 An electrical heater is marked 220 V, 4400 W. What is the resistance of the heater?

147 A voltmeter with 5,000 ohm internal resistance reads 10 volts at full scale. What resistor needs to be put in series to increase its
range to 150 volts?

148 What is the unit of lighting intensity?

149 How will an earth fault be noticed in an insulated distribution system?

150 What is a multi meter used for?

151 In an emergency, what would be the lowest acceptable insulation resistance readings?

152 What is a Clamp meter used for?

153 On an electrical drawing what symbol represents Inductance?

154 Induced E.M.F. is out of phase with current by what degree?

155 In oil type circuit breakers, what is the purpose of the oil?

156 Two resistors of 6O ohm & 3O ohm are connected in parallel across an EMF of 12V, what is the current in each resistor?

157 What units is impedance expressed in?

158 Which of the following is a requirement for the Navigation lighting distribution board?

159 What is the normal output voltage range of an insulation meter used for 220V and 440V equipment?

160 What is the amplitude of the AC sin wave?

161 In the AC sin wave what is the periodic time?

162 What would be the Specific Gravity of a fully charged lead-acid battery?

163 How does the RMS voltage compare to peak voltage?

164 Which law governs the relationship between potential difference and current?

165 What do good insulators have in common?

166 If a 2kW heater is on for four hours, how much energy is used?

167 How is a Voltmeter connected in a circuit?

168 What is the unit of magnetic flux?

169 Which measuring device should always be connected in series with a circuit?

170 During the maintanance of generator air circuit breaker found out that the silver plated contacts have black appearance due to
oxidation. What action would you take?

171 When is an atom considered to be a positively charged ion?

172 Voltage multiplied by current equals what?

173 A Wheatstone Bridge is a precision instrument used mostly to measure:

174 At maximum voltage what angle is the conductor cutting the magnetic field?

175 When using an ohmmeter to find a short circuit, which meter reading indicates the fault?

176 What is the purpose of the cable gland in addition to providing a watertight seal?

177 How will an earth failure be noticed in an insulated distribution system?

178 What may happen if a Megger tester is used to measure the insulation in a circuit containing electronic components?

179 When using a Megger Tester to test equipment rated 440 Volt, what test voltage should you ensure that the instrument indicates?
180 In the formula e = B l Sin . What does sin represent?

181 Which conductor would produce the greatest inductance?

182 Which of the following criterion determines the size of any electrical conductor?

183 Why must both primary and secondary windings of transformer have independent earth leakage detection?

184 A ship's electrical system is usually the so-called "closed insulation" type. What does this mean?

185 In a fluorescent lamp what is used to improve the power factor?

186 Why must each voltage system have it's own earth fault lamps?

187 How will an earth failure be noticed in an insulated distribution system?

188 When will the resistance in a wire decrease?

189 In one complete cycle of a single phase of alternating current how often is the voltage at zero?

190 Which of the following is most likely to cause an earth indication?

191 Which law states that the sum of currents arriving at a junction is equal to the sum of currents leaving the junction?

192 With reference to a magnet what is Hysteresis?

193 What produces an induced E.M.F.?

194 Why do ships normally use an AC insulated neutral distribution system?

195 How is an Ammeter connected in a circuit?

196 Give the reason why shore power and ship's power should never be run in parallel?

197 What is energy?

198 What is the danger of naked lights in the battery locker?

199 What is the purpose of an instrument transformer installed on the main bus bars?

200 What is the maximum allowable temperature for normal Class A insulation type?

201 What will happen when an earth fault occurs on one line of an insulated distribution system?

202 What happens to the current if the resistance of a circuit doubles while the applied voltage remains constant.

203 In a non-reactive circuit which statement applies?

204 What is the unit for inductance?

205 Which law states that the sum of the potential differences is equal to the sum of the E.M.F.s?

206 Using lead/acid batteries what is the minimum number of cells required to produce 24V?

207 What danger is associated with excess shaft magnetism?

208 If an electrical power source of 24V exists across a 15 Ohm resistor what is the current?

209 Two resistors of 6 ohm & 3 ohm are connected in parallel across an EMF of 12V, what is the circuit current?

210 In the worst case what would be the effect a 25 milli-amps electric shock?

211 In series connected resistors which value remains constant?

212 Which of the following is the most suitable for use as a magnet?

213 Which of these materials can be used to insulate magnetic flux?


214 Why is the battery maintenance of such Importance?

215 When both a fuse and breaker are used on one circuit, when will the fuse blow?

216 What is the danger of fitting too high wattage lamps in flameproof fittings?

217 What is the normal output voltage range of an insulation meter used for 220V and 440V equipment?

218 What is the electrolyte in a conventional lead/acid battery?

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