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The reciter should pay attention to its tashdid (dont do takhfif in them), if he

does so his recitation of that kalimat is invalidated.


If he does tashdid where it doesnt belong, the recitation is not invalid unless
it changes the meaning (if it does, then his solat is invalidated if he did it
intentionally, and his recitation is invalidated if he did not do it intentionally).

And to not pause, whether for a long or short time in the Fatiha, intending to break
off the recitation;
(5th condition of Fatiha)
A long pause is longer than a breath.
No long pauses whatsoever (mutlaq)- regardless of whether there is intention
to break off the recitation.
A short pause is okay as long as he doesnt intend to break off the recitation.
What he means by long pause is someone who does it intentionally without
excuse; if he does it accidently or to remember an ayah, or out of feebless
(eyaa) then its okay
and recitation of all of its ayat, including the basmala
This is the 6th condition of the Fatiha
Basmala is part of all of the surahs except for surah baraa
Haram to read basmala before surah baraa (if beginning in middle there is a
difference of opinion); for the other surahs you read basmala even if you are
reciting from the middle of it (this is mandub)
Bughyat Mustarshidin says not recommended unless beginning from
beginning of surah.

And no laHn that changes the meaning


(for example changing the Irab of anamta alayhim)or changing a letter.
Standing while reciting the Fatiha
Assuming that you are able to do this. (8th rule of Fatiha)
HE should enable himself to hear his recitation

In such a way that he would hear all the letters, assuming no mitigating
factors such as deafness, lghT,
To not mix into the Fatiha any dhikr ajnabi
Cannot do so knowingly and purposefully, (As opposed to carelessly or
ignorant of prohibition)
Ajnabi: something not commanded for the maslaha of the solat
(that which is for the maslaha is explained in the second condition)
There are 14 tajdid in the Fatiha
(Basically the shaddas) lam in bismillah, Ra in Arahman and Arrahim,
Alhamdulillah on lam, rabbil (ba),arrahman, arrahim, yaumiddin, iyyaka,
iyyaka, ihdinassiratul, siratulla, laddalleen,
It is sunnah to raise the hands in four places
Makruh if you only raise one of your palms.
The first is takbiratul ikram; even if you are lying down; any way is fine but
optimal is to begin and end it with beginning and ending of the takbir.
Sunnah; palms uncovered, palms facing qibla, thumbs lining up with
earlobe, top of fingers with top of ears, and palm lining up with
shoulders.
Upon ruku; optimal is stretch the takbir till you reach ruku; begin raising
while still standing as you begin the takbir. You begin to bend once the palms
reach shoulder.
Upon Itidal
Begin doing so as you rise and drop them once you are standing
upright.
Upon standing after the first tashahud
Begins upon reaching the lowest point of ruku (???)
There are 7 conditions of sujud; you must sujud on 7 limbs
Part of your forehead, part of both knees, part of the innards of fingers of
both hands, and a part of innards of the toes of both feet (even if only one
finger/toe of each foot/hand).
Sunna order: knees, then hands, then forehead

Forehead should be uncovered


Part of the skins should touch the place of prayer; sunna to also
uncover hands and feet (makruh for the knees)
Head should be pressed down
Descending purely for the sujud (not cuz knocked down)
Cannot sujud upon something that moves with his movement.
(if not done on purpose you can repeat the sujud, if purpose- batal)
Rear should be higher than head and shoulders
Tranquility in the sujud.
If you doubt that you need to immediately go back to sujud.
The limbs of the sujud are 7; forehead, innards of fingers, knees and innards
of toes
Tashdidat of the tashahud; 21; 5 more if you do it perfectly; and 16 in the
minimum