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ANURAG GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS

(Formerly CVSR College of Engineering)


Accredited by NBA, Approved by AICTE & Affiliated to JNTU
Venkatapur (V), Ghatkesar (M) R.R.dist, Telangana

SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING
Department of Mechanical Engineering

COURSE FILE

Course Name: POWER PLANT ENGINEERING


Course Code: (A57021)

IV B.Tech I Sem
(2016-2017)

Academic Calendar for III & IV B.Tech I & II-Semesters for the year 2016
2017
FIRST SEMESTER

Commencement of Class work 16.06.2016


From

To

Duration

16.06.2016

09.08.2016

8 Weeks

10.08.2016

12.08.2016

3 days

13.08.2016

08.10.2016

8 Weeks

09.10.2016

16.10.2016

8 days

17.10.2016

19.10.2016

3 days

20.10.2016

31.10.2016

12 days

01.11.2016

16.11.2016

16 days

17.11.2016

20.11.2016

4 days

I Spell of Instruction
I Mid Examinations
II Spell of Instruction
Dusserah Holidays
II Mid Examinations
Preparation and Practical Examinations
End Semester Examinations
Semester break

SECOND SEMESTER
I Spell of Instruction

Commencement of Class work 21.11.2016


21.11.2016

07.01.2017

7 weeks

08.01.2017

15.01.2017

8 days

16.01.2017

22.01.2017

1 week

23.01.2017

25.01.2017

3 days

26.01.2017

23.03.2017

8 weeks

24.03.2017

27.03.2017

4 days

28.03.2017

10.04.2017

2 weeks

11.04.2017

26.04.2017

16 days

27.04.2017

11.06.2017

6 weeks 3 days

Sankranthi Holidays
I Spell of Instruction Continuation
I Mid Examinations
II Spell of Instruction
II Mid Examinations
Preparation and Practical Examinations
End Semester Examinations
Summer Vacation

Contact
No:

Faculty Name:
DAY/TIME

MON
TUES
WED
THUR
FRI
sat

Objectives:

9.009.50

9.5010.40

10.4011.30

11.3012.20

12.201.10

1:10-2:00

2:002:50

2.503.40

1. To teach students Layout and combustion process in steam power plant


2. To illustrate the concept of IC Engines & Turbines
3. To illustrate to students various Hydro Projects
4. To teach students use of hydrographs
5. To teach students various types of nuclear reactors and wind turbines
6. To illustrate to students the concepts of plant economy and environmental consideration

COURSE OUTCOMES:
After completion of this course, the students will be able to:
1. Understand the concepts of Generation of power by using various types of fuels, Layout
of power plant, coal, Fuel & Ash handling equipments
2. Understand of Diesel power plant, Construction, plant lay out with Auxiliaries and
lubrication system, fuel supply system and Cooling system, its equipments.
3. Understand Hydro electric Power plants, Classify the dams & Their layouts.
4. Acquire Basic knowledge of different types of Nuclear power plants, Reactors its
operations, Nuclear fuel sand its properties, advantages, disadvantages &Applications.
5. Discuss environmental and safety aspects of power plant operation & understand the
concepts of Direct Energy Conversion.

ANURAG GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS


(AUTONOMOUS)
IV Year B.Tech. MECH I Sem

L T/P C
3 1/- 3

(A57021) POWER PLANT ENGINEERING


COURSE OUTCOMES:
After completion of this course the student will be able to:
1. Understand the concepts of Generation of power by using various types of fuels, Layout
of power plant, coal, Fuel & Ash handling equipments
2. Understand of Diesel power plant, Construction, plant lay out with Auxiliaries and
lubrication system, fuel supply system and Cooling system, its equipments.
3. Understand Hydro electric Power plants, Classify the dams & Their layouts.
4. Acquire Basic knowledge of different types of Nuclear power plants, Reactors its
operations, Nuclear fuel sand its properties, advantages, disadvantages &Applications.
5. Discuss environmental and safety aspects of power plant operation & understand the
concepts of Direct Energy Conversion.
UNIT I
Introduction to the Sources of Energy Resources and Development of Power in India.
Steam Power Plant: Combustion Process: Properties of coal overfeed and underfeed fuel
beds, traveling grate stokers, spreader stokers, retort stokers, pulverized fuel burning system and
its components, combustion needs and draught system, cyclone furnace, design and construction,
Dust collectors, Electrostatic precipitators, cooling towers and heat rejection, corrosion and feed
water treatment.
Steam Power Plant: Plant Layout, Working of different Circuits, Fuel and handling equipments,
types of coals, coal handling, choice of handling equipment, coal storage, Ash handling systems
UNIT II
Diesel Power Plant: Introduction IC Engines, types, construction Plant layout with
auxiliaries fuel supply system, air starting equipment, lubrication and cooling system super
charging.
Gas Turbine Plant: introduction classification construction Layout with auxiliaries
Principles of working of closed and open cycle gas turbines, Combined cycle Power plants
Different typesGas & Steam and other combinations - Comparison.

UNIT - III

Hydro Electric Power Plant: Water power Hydrological cycle Hydrographs storage and
Pondage Numerical examples of construction of Hydrograph, Load duration curves
-classification of dams and spill ways.
Hydro Projects and Plant: Classification Typical layouts Turbines and Generator-Typesplant auxiliaries plant operation pumped storage plants.
UNIT IV
NUCLEAR POWER STATION: Nuclear fuel breeding and fertile materials Nuclear
reactor reactor operation.
Types Of Reactors: Pressurized water reactor, Boiling water reactor, sodium-graphite reactor,
fast Breeder Reactor, Homogeneous Reactor, Gas cooled Reactor, Radiation hazards and
shielding radioactive waste disposal.
Power from Non-Conventional Sources: Utilization of solar Collectors Principle of
working, Wind energy Types HAWT, VAWT Tidal energy.
UNIT V
Direct energy conversion: solar energy, Fuel cells, Thermo electric and thermo ionic, MHD
generation.
Power Plant Economics and Environmental Considerations: Capital cost, investment of fixed
charges, operating costs, general arrangement of power distribution, Load curves, load duration
curve, Definitions of connected load, Maximum demand, demand factor, average load, load
factor, diversity factor related numerical exercises, Effluents from power plants and impact on
environment pollutants and pollution standards Methods of Power plant Pollution control.
TEXT BOOKS:
1. Power Plant Engineering P.C.Sharma / S.K.Kataria Publications.
2. A Course in Power Plant Engineering: / Arora and S.Domkundwar.
REFERENCES:
1.
2.
3.
4.
1.

A Text book of Power Plant Engineering / Rajput / Laxmi Publications


Power plant Engineering / Ramalingam / Scietech Publishers.
Power Plant Engineering: P.K.Nag / ii Edition / TMH.
An introduction to Power Plant Technology / G.D. Rai.
Power plant Engg Elanchezhian I.K international Publications.

Web Links

http://textofvideo.nptel.iitm.ac.in/108105058/lec9.pdf
http://nptel.ac.in/courses/108105058/8
http://nptel.ac.in/courses/108105058/9
http://nptel.ac.in/courses/108105058/10
http://nptel.ac.in/courses/108105058/11
http://nptel.ac.in/courses/108105058/12
http://nptel.ac.in/courses/108105058/13
http://nptel.ac.in/courses/Webcourse-contents/IIT-KANPUR/machine/ui/Course_home-lec18.htm

ANURAG GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS


(Formerly CVSR College of Engineering)
Department of Mechanical Engineering

TEACHING PLAN

Faculty Name:
Subject: POWER PLANT ENGINEERING
S.NO

Unit No

UNIT I:
1
Steam Power Plant

UNIT II:
Diesel Power Plant

and

Gas Turbine Plant

Topic

No of
periods

Introduction to the Sources of Energy


Resources and Development of Power in
India

Combustion Process: Properties of coal

Overfeed and underfeed fuel beds

Traveling grate stokers and spreader stokers

Retort stokers, pulverized fuel burning system


and its components

needs and draught system, cyclone furnace,


design and construction

Dust collectors, Electrostatic precipitators

Cooling towers and heat rejection

Corrosion and feed water treatment.

Plant Layout, Working of different Circuits

Fuel and handling equipments

Coal handling, choice of handling equipment

Coal storage, Ash handling systems

Introduction IC Engines, types

Construction Plant layout with auxiliaries

Fuel supply system, air starting equipment

lubrication and cooling system

Super charging

GT: introduction classification


construction Layout with auxiliaries

Principles of working of closed and open


cycle gas turbines

Combined cycle Power plants Different types


Gas & Steam and other combinations -

Comparison.

UNIT III:

Different typesGas & Steam and other


combinations - Comparison.

Water power Hydrological cycle

Storage and pondage

Hydrographs

Numerical examples of construction of


Hydrograph, Load duration curves

Classification of dams and spill ways

Hydro Projects and Plant: Classification


Hydro Electric Power Plant Typical layouts

UNIT IV:

Nuclear Power Station


4

Non-Conventional sources

UNIT V:
Direct energy conversion

Turbines and Generator-Types

Plant auxiliaries

Plant operation pumped storage plants

Nuclear fuel breeding and fertile materials

Nuclear reactor reactor operation

Types Of Reactors: Pressurized water


reactor, Boiling water reactor

Sodium-graphite reactor, fast Breeder


Reactor, Homogeneous Reactor, Gas cooled
Reactor

Radiation hazards and shielding radioactive


waste disposal.

Utilization of solar Collectors Principle of


working

Wind energy Types HAWT, VAWT

Tidal energy

Solar energy, Fuel cells

Thermo electric and thermo ionic, MHD


generation.

Capital cost, investment of fixed charges

Operating costs, general arrangement of


power distribution,

Power Plant Economics


and Environmental
Considerations

Load curves, load duration curve

Definitions of connected load, Maximum


demand, demand factor, average load, load
factor, diversity factor- related numerical
exercises

Effluents from power plants and impact on


environment

pollutants and pollution standards

Methods of Power plant Pollution control

LONG ANSWER QUESTIONS


UNIT-I
1.
A) What are the natural resources available in India for power generation? Explain.
b) Draw a line diagram of pneumatic ash handling system. Explain when this system is preferred
over the other systems.
2. What are the different methods of out plant coal handling? Discuss their relative merits and
demerits.
3. Explain the working of ash handling circuit and coal handling circuit of thermal power plant.

4. Draw a neat sketch of steam power plant layout and explain different circuits.
5. Explain multi - retort underfeeds stoker with a neat diagram.
6.A) Explain briefly mechanical draughts with neat sketches.
B) Difference between overfeed stoker and underfeed stoker with suitable applications
7) A) Describe the various methods used to fire pulverized coal.
b) Make a neat sketch of Ball and race mill and explain its working.
UNIT-II
1)
Give a general layout of Diesel power plants and describe.
2)
What are the important features of diesel plants over the thermal plants? Why diesel
plants are not used for high capacity? What are its drawbacks when used for high capacity
compared to steam plants?
3.A) With help of a block diagram explain the main components of an open cycle gas turbine
power plant.
b)
Give the classifications of gas turbine power plant.
4) (a) Classify and compare different gas turbine power plants.
(b) What is air rate and discuss the factors that affect air rate?
5) Explain the working principle of combined cycle power plant along with T-S diagram.
UNIT-III
1)
A) Explain the terms hydrograph, flow duration curve and mass curve.
b) Explain the construction and features of different types of types of dams.
2)
How to make use of solar collectors as alternate energy source for power generation?
Explain its working principle.
3)
A) Explain the advantages of with pondage storage plants over the without pondage
power plants.
B) What is spillways function? List out the types of spillways and explain them.
4) A) Depending on the head at which water is available, how the power plants are
Classified?
(b) Explain runoff river plants, storage plants, pumped storage plants in hydraulic
power plant.
5)A)what is the better location for hydro power generation ?Explain the salient points required to
find the better location.
b) How the power generated using solar energy? Explain any two methods.
UNIT-IV
1) A) Write the classification of nuclear reactors.
b) Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of Pressurized Water Reactor.
c) Explain briefly about radiation hazards and shielding?

2) A) what is boiling water reactor? How does it differ from pressurized water reactor?
(b) Give the classification of nuclear wastes in detail.
3) (a) What do you understand by thermal pollution? Explain the bad effects of thermal
pollution.
(b) Explain the pollution due to nuclear power plant.
4) a) Write short notes on boiling water reactor.
(b) How waste is disposed of in a nuclear power station?
(c) Explain the differences between nuclear and chemical reactors

UNIT-V
1) A) Describe the construction and working of a solar cell.
b) Explain the working of a fuel cell.
2) A) Explain the working of PWR &BWR (pressurized and boiling water reactors) with neat
sketches.
B) How does a nuclear fission differ from nuclear fusion? Explain with suitable
examples.
3) What do you understand by zero energy house?
(b) What are the advantages and disadvantages of direct energy conversion systems over the
conventional power generation systems?
c) How is silicon cells fabricated?
4) A) Explain the working of HAWM & VAWM (horizontal and vertical axis wind mills) with
suitable diagrams.
B) Explain the working of MHD generator with neat sketch
5) a)draw the neat diagram of nuclear reactor and explain the functions of various components.
b)what are the main difficulties in handling radioactive waste and explain the methods to
overcome these difficulties
6) What is meant by load curve? Explain its importance in power generation.
b) A power station has a maximum demand of 80 10 3 kW and daily load curve is
Defined as follows:
Time (Hr)
0-6 6-8 8-12 12-14 14-18 18-22 22-24
Load (MW) 40 50 60
50 70
80 40
Determine the load factor of power station.
7) a)explain the terms load factor, peak and how important these terms as a power supply is
concerned.
b) The yearly duration curve of a certain plant can be considered as a straight line from20MW to
3MW.to meet this load, three turbine generator units. Two rated at 10MW each and one at 5MW is
installed. Determine i) installed capacity ii) plant factor iii) maximum demand iv) load factor and
iv) utilization factor

SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS:


UNIT -I
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Enumerate the major sources of energy?


What is meant by over feed and under feed principles of firing coal?
What is the role played by cooling towers in steam power plant ?
Define draught?
Define stoker?
UNIT -II
1. Discuss the various types of I.C.Engines?

2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

3.
4.
5.
6.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

What is the main objective of supercharging ?


Classify the gas turbine plants?
What are main principle of open & closed cycle gas turbine?
Comparision between steam power plant & gas turbine power plant?
Give the advantages and limitations of gas turbine power plant .
UNIT-III
1. Explain the Hydrological Cycle
2. Define pondage & storage?
What are the types of dams?
List out the types of hydraulic turbines?
What are the purpose of a hydro project?
What is the function of pumped storage plant?
UNIT-IV
What is the main difference between nuclear fission & fusion?
Explain the principle of nuclear reactor?
List out the different types of nuclear reactors?
What is the principle of solar collectors?
Define HAWT & VAWT?
UNIT-V
Write a short notes on solar energy?
What mean by mhdgenerator?
Define capital cost,investment & fixed cost?
Define maximum demand,demand factor and diversity factor?
Mention the methods to control the power plnat pollution ?

ANURAG GROUP OFINSTITITIONS


(AUTONOMOUS)

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

IV B.TECH II SEM- I MID EXAMINATION


POWER PLANT ENGINEERING
(Common to Mech - A, B & C )

Time: 90 Min
Max.Marks: 20 M
Academic year: 2015-16

Date: 14-10-2015 FN

SECTION-A
Answer all questions
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

5x1=5 marks

Define hydrograph?
What is a mass curve?
Write short notes on Radioactive decay?
Write short notes on MHD generation?
Define the following tems:
a) Demand factor
b) Diversity factor
SECTION B
Answer any three questions

3x5=15 marks

6. Classify the hydro-electric power plants. Draw a typical layout and explain working
process?
7. Draw a hydro graph and flow duration curve for month and runoff following the
table.
Month 1

Runoff
Mm3

27

35

26

16

48

212 180

140

10

11

12

116 92

67

32

8. Explain PWR with neat sketch?


9. What is solar energy? Explain any one of the solar collector with neat sketch?
10. The following load are connected to a power plant
Type of load

Simultaneous maximum
demand(MW)

Diversity factor

Demand factor

Domestic

30

1.20

0.70

Commercial

35

1.25

0.90

Industrial

55

1.3

0.95

If the overall diversity factor is 1.5 , determine (a) The maximum load (b) The connected load of
each type.

ANURAG GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS


An Autonomous Institution
Venkatapur (V), Ghatkesar (M), Ranga Reddy (D), TG

POWER PLANT ENGINEERING

Course out comes:


After completion of this course the student must be able to:
CO-1 Understand the concepts of Generation of power by using various types of fuels, Layout
of power plant, coal, Fuel & Ash handling equipments
CO-2 Understand of Diesel power plant, Construction, plant lay out with Auxiliaries and
lubrication system, fuel supply system and Cooling system, its equipments.
CO-3 Understand Hydro electric Power plants, Classify the dams & Their layouts.
CO-4 Acquire Basic knowledge of different types of Nuclear power plants, Reactors its
operations, Nuclear fuel sand its properties, advantages, disadvantages &Applications.
CO-5 Discuss environmental and safety aspects of power plant operation & understand the
concepts of Direct Energy Conversion.

CO/P
O

PO01

CO-1

PO02

PO03

PO04

PO05

PO06

PO07

PO08

PO09

PO10

PO11
Y

CO-2

CO-3

CO-4

CO-5

Y
Y