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Arelik A..

Electric Motor Plant

ELECTRIC
MOTOR PLANT
&
ELECTRIC
MOTORS

SYNCHRONOUS
RELUCTANCE
MOTORS
(SynRM)

PERMANENT
MAGNET
SYNCHRONOUS
MOTORS
(PMSM)

INDUCTION
MOTORS
(IM)

ELECTRIC MOTOR
PLANT

Electric Motor Plant


erkezky/Tekirda/Trkiye
110 km away from the Atatrk Airport
Total Campus Area

: 150.000 m2

DP
28.000 m2
EMP
40.000 m2

Electric Motor Plant

Approximately 13 million motors / year are produced in Electric Motor Plant

Electric Motor Plant


Application

Threephase
Motors

Singlephase
Motors

Inverter
Entegrated
Motors

Motor

Type

Power

Speed

Model

Motor Description

IE3

0,75-90kW

3000, 1500,
1000

50

IE2

0,75-110kW

3000, 1500,
1000

55

IE1

0,75-110kW

3000, 1500,
1000

204

Brake

0,12-5,5kW

3000, 1500,
1000, 750

48

Run
Capacitor

0,18-3kW

3000, 1500

25

Singlephase induction motors


Run capacitor
With Electronic Relay
(Run&Start capacitor)

Threephase induction motors

Run&Start
Capacitor

0,18-3kW

3000, 1500

21

IE3

0,75-22kW

3000, 1500,
1000

26

IE2

0,75-22kW

3000, 1500,
1000

26

IE3

0,75-90kW

3000, 1500,
1000

25

IE2

0,75-110kW

3000, 1500,
1000

95

Special Motors

CE, TSE, UL Approved


F and H class
2-4-6-8 poles
Double speed, double voltage

Three phase inverter


entegrated motors
. Compactness
. Inverter motor parameters are
adjusted
Double speed, double voltage
Seperate winding (2/12 pole)
Special voltage, frequency,
power
Special bearing, end-shield

ELECTRIC MOTOR

Electric Motor

Electrical Energy

U, I

Mechanical Energy

M, n

Electric motor: electromechanical system that converts


electrical energy into mechanical energy.

Electric Motor
Some areas in which mechanical energy is used;
elevator
pump

fan

crane

Gear box
compressor

Electric Motor

IE1

IE2

IE3

TRKYE

2012

2015

AB

2011

2015

ARELK

2010

2012

Electric Motor

IE4
IE3
IE2

Super Premium
Efficiency

Premium
Efficiency

Yksek Verimli

Electric Motor

IE2

Induction Motor

IE3

Induction Motor

IE4

PMSM *
SynRM **
Induction Motor ***

*PMSM : Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor


**SynRM: Synchronous Reluctance Motor
***IM: Induction Motor

PMSM

PMSM: Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor

PMSM
stator
magnet
Synchronous Type
Solution with magnet
Compactness

stator
winding

magnet

rotor

Driven by inverter

PMSM
PMSM Motor Type

Surface

Insert

Outer rotor

Spoke

PMSM steady state torque production equation:

mp
T
E q1I q I d Iq (X d X q )
w
Magnet
torque

Reluctance
torque

Field Weakening

Hybrid

PMSM
7,5kW

7,5kW

PMSM

IM

132Fr
5,5kW
IM

90Fr
5,5kW
PMSM

[kW]

5,5

5,5

[rpm]

2950

3000

[Nm]

18,0

17,5

[A]

9,4

8,8

90,9

90,9

Eff Class

IE4

IE4

Weight [kg]

60

18

Performance Data

IM rotor

PMSM rotor

Efficiency [%]

SynRM

SynRM: Synchronous Reluctance Motor

SynRM

Synchronous Type

No magnet - Al - Cu
Driven by inverter
Ld Lq

SynRM
d
q

SynRM motor steady state torque production equation:

0
mp
T
Eq1I q I d I q ( X d X q )
w
Magnet
torque

Reluctance
torque

SynRM

IM

SynRM

132Fr
5,5kW
IM

112Fr
5,5kW
SynRM

90Fr
5,5kW
PMSM

[kW]

5,5

5,5

5,5

[rpm]

2950

3000

3000

[Nm]

18,0

17,6

17,5

[A]

9,4

9,1

8,8

90,9

90,9

90,9

Eff Class

IE4

IE4

IE4

Weight [kg]

60

24

18

Performance
Data

PMSM

Efficiency [%]

*PMSM: Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor


**SynRM: Synchronous Reluctance Motor
**IM: Induction Motor

IM

IM: Induction Motor

IM

Wound
stator
Cage rotor

IM
Input Power
Stator
losses

WindageFriction
losses

Rotor
losses

Iron
losses

Stray
load
losses

Output Power

IM

LOSSES

RATIO

METHODS FOR IMPROVEMENT

STATOR LOSSES

%25-40

Increasing the copper diameter


Shortening the winding head

ROTOR LOSSES

%15-25

Increasing the slot area


Increasing the area of end-ring

IRON LOSSES

%15-25

Using high-grade electrical steel


Using low thickness electrical steel

WINDAGE-FRICTION LOSSES

%5-15

New fan design


Efficient bearing

STRAY LOAD LOSSES

%5-10

Precising in design and production

IM
Classical Methods

Lstk

Increasing stack length


Using more copper
Decreasing the winding head

IM

Design Power

New Material
Process Improvement

IE4 Induction Motors

IM
Design Power
Electrical Design
Mechanical Design

IM
New Material
Efficient bearing
High Grade stell

SKF

IM
Process Improvement
New Process Definitions
New Tolerances
New Casting Methods

Eccentricity

Forces on stator teeth

Cost

(Motor+
Inverter)

Cost

(Motor)

Producability

Max Eff

PMSM

SynRM

IM

THANK
YOU