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RENNEL BURGOS

ECOLOGY

Student Handout 1B:


Biodiversity Worksheet

06/21/2016

RENNEL BURGOS

ECOLOGY

06/21/2016

RENNEL BURGOS
Sample Area 1:
Order
Description

Hymenopter
a
Orthoptera

Odonata

Lepidoptera

wasps, ants
and bees)

ECOLOGY

Number
n/N
of
individual
s (n)
5
5/63

06/21/2016

Pi

Pi2

lnPi

Pi ln Pi

0.08

0.0064

-2.52

-0.202

-1.660

-0.315

grasshoppers,
katydids, and
crickets
damselflies
and
dragonflies
butterflies,
moths, and
skippers)
flies

12

12/63

0.19

0.0361

8/63

0.12

0.0168

-0.254
-2.120

9/63

0.14

0.0196

-1.966

-0.275

17

17/63

0.26

0.067

-1.347

-0.350

(beetles

6/63

0.1

0.01

-2.302

-0.230

true bugs

6/63

0.1

0.01

.-2.302

-0.230

Diptera
Coleoptera
Hemiptera

s(number of species) = 7
N(total number of individuals) = 63
(sum) of pi2(n/N)2= 0.165
(sum) of pi ln pi= -1.856
H= -1.856
D = 1/0.165= 6.060

RENNEL BURGOS

ECOLOGY

Name:
Date:

Student Handout 1B:


Biodiversity Worksheet

06/21/2016

RENNEL BURGOS

ECOLOGY

06/21/2016

RENNEL BURGOS
Sample Area 1:
Order
Description

Hymenopter
a
Orthoptera

Odonata
Lepidoptera

wasps, ants
and bees)

ECOLOGY

Number
n/N
of
individual
s (n)
8
8/55

06/21/2016

Pi

Pi2

lnPi

0.145

0.021

-1.931

-0.279

Pi ln Pi

grasshoppers,
katydids, and
crickets
damselflies
and
dragonflies
butterflies,
moths, and
skippers)
flies

10

10/55

0.181

0.032

-1.709

-0.309

13

13/55

0.236

0.055

-1.443

-0.340

12

12/55

0.218

0.047

-1.523

-0.332

3/55

0.054

0.002

-2.918

-0.157

(beetles

4/55

0.072

0.005

-2.631

-0.189

true bugs

5/55

0.090

0.008

-2.407

-0.216

Diptera
Coleoptera
Hemiptera

s(number of species) = 7
N(total number of individuals) = 55
(sum) of pi2(n/N)2= 0.170
(sum) of pi ln pi= -1.822
H= -1.822
D = 1/0.170= 5.882

Questions to answer:
1) How does the biodiversity of the two areas compare?

Sorensons Coefficient (CC) = 2 C / S1 +S2


2(7) / 7+7 = 14/14 = 1

RENNEL BURGOS

ECOLOGY

06/21/2016

Using this formula we can calculate how similar in biodiversity in each areas are. A
scale from O to 1 is used to prove it, if it is 0 it means there is no similarity and if it is 1 it means
they are similar in biodiversity. Comparing these two areas we can see that both are equal in
biodiversity meaning they have the same species present.
2) Was this what you expected? Why or why not?
It was what I was expecting due to the similarity in the calculations of the amount of individuals
present in each area it is nearly the same amount.
3) Are there similarities in biodiversity between the two types of ecosystems?
The species present in each area are the same, individuals numbers differ with a difference
of 8 more individuals present in Area 1 than in Area 2. Looking at the data also the number
of individual in a certain species in Area 1 is different than in Area 2.
4) Was this what you expected? Why or why not?
Well according to the numbers when calculating this was what I was expecting.
After analysis I noticed that the dominance in Area 1 was higher than in Area 2.
According to the analysis both areas have the same biodiversity but if we look
closely to the individual numbers and the Dominance index the numbers in area 1
are higher than in area 2.