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10 Things That Drivers Should Know (Updated January 2016)

1. MMDA Enforcers are not allowed to group together while apprehending a motorist. They
are not even allowed to stand together in groupsof two (2) or more, except in actual times
of special operations (e.g. apprehending groups of smoke-belching/colorum buses).
2. Swerving is not a traffic violation per se. It is defined as a movement wherein vehicles
shift from a lane to another. However, it can constitute the offense of reckless driving if it is
done without precautions (e.g. swerving in an abrupt and careless manner, swerving without
the use of signals, swerving across solid lines).
Swerving can also constitute the offense of Disregarding Traffic Signs if there are signs
present that explicitly prohibit swerving in the area.A driver's license cannot be confiscated
by a Traffic Enforcer during traffic apprehensions except on the following situations:
3. A driver's license cannot be confiscated by a Traffic Enforcer during traffic apprehensions
except on the following situations:
1. The driver was involved in a traffic accident
2. The driver has accumulated three (3) or more unsettled violations
3. The driver has been apprehended for the following violations:

Allowing another person to use driver's license
Broken sealing wire
Broken taximeter seal
Colorum operation (cargo/passenger vehicle)
Driving against traffic
Fake driver's license
Fake/altered taximeter seal
Fake/altered sealing wire
Fast/defective/non-operational/tampered taxi meter
Flagged up meter
Illegal or unauthorized counter-flow
Illegal transfer of plates/tags/stickers
Joined/reconnected sealing wire
No driver's ID
Ignoring Organized Bus Route (OBR) interval timers (for 2nd offense)
Skipping or bypassing designated OBR terminals or loading bays (for


2nd offense)

Operating on contractual basis

Out of line operation
Overcharging (with or without conductor) (for the 2nd offense)
Refusal to convey passengers to destination/trip-cutting (Taxis and
Public Utility Vehicles)
Refusal to render service to public (Taxis and Public Utility Vehicles)
Tampered sealing wire
Tampered taximeter seal
Tampering of OR/CR/CPC & other documents (spurious documents)
Undue preference/unjust discrimination
Using motor vehicle in commission of crime

The above-mentioned administrative violations also require a minimum of 2 hours seminar

(for the drivers) at the Traffic Academy.
However, any driver who has committed three (3) or more unpaid violations, whether
administrative or moving, shall also be subject to attending seminars, whose length shall be
based on the results of the diagnostic exam (exam that will determine the contents of the
seminar progress), which will be administered by the Agency.
*Note: If the license is to be confiscated, the Traffic Enforcer should inform the driver of the
reason/s for the confiscation and the ticket validity.
If the driver refuses to surrender his driver's license, his plate may be detached pursuant to
Section 74 & 75, MC 89-105.
4. Private Vehicles are not allowed to use the yellow lane except when they are about to
turn - provided that they start shifting lanes upon seeing the transition lane (broken white
lines painted diagonally), that you can see around 50 meters away from an intersection.
However, selective apprehension of private vehicles using the yellow lane is highly
prohibited.The yellow lanes (1st and 2nd lanes in EDSA) are only for City Buses. City Buses
are not allowed to go beyond the yellow lanes. If they do so, they will be apprehended for
violating the yellow lane policy.
Provincial buses are also not allowed to use the yellow lane. Instead, they are encouraged
to use the third lane.
5. Each Traffic Enforcer has his/her own written mission order issued by the MMDA Central
Admin. Apprehended drivers are free to ask for the apprehending officer's mission order,
which includes his area of responsibility, time of duty, official function. It also indicates
whether or not the enforcer is authorized to issue tickets.
6. Traffic Enforcers should issue TVR in complete uniform, with visible nameplates. Traffic
Enforcers are instructed to accomplish the TVR (Traffic Violation Receipt) without any delay
or argument on the road, so as to avoid traffic congestion.
7. The Apprehending Enforcer is allowed to issue another TVR for Towing Fee. If the owner
of the impounded vehicle fails to release his vehicle after payment of fine in the stipulated
date, the impounding officer shall issue a separate TVR indicating no. of days it has
remained at the impounding area.
8. Before apprehending, the Traffic Enforcer should flag down the vehicle and lead it to the
roadside where it will not obstruct the flow of traffic. Traffic Enforcers should courteously
inform the driver of his violation.
9. Traffic Enforcers are not allowed to ask drivers to alight from their vehicles while the
apprehension is taking place. Most importantly, Traffic Enforcers are not allowed to ask or
receive bribe money.
10. During traffic apprehensions, the following can be considered as a valid driver's license:

ID Plastic Card
DLR / Temporary Driver's License
TOP (Temporary Operator's Permit)
International Driver's License
Foreign License
The Traffic Enforcer should exercise extra diligence in verifying the veracity of the data or
documents presented.

If you encounter any Traffic Enforcer violating any of these, get the name of the Traffic
Enforcer indicated on his/her name plate, and submit a letter of complaint addressed to the
Traffic Adjudication Board (TAB), MMDA Bldg. EDSA cor. Orense St. Guadalupe Nuevo,
Makati City, within 5 days after the apprehension.
In case you are involved in an argument with a Traffic Enforcer, call the MMDA Hotline 136,
or the Metrobase at 0917-527-7304. Ask the Metrobase to send inspectors to go to the
place where the argument is taking place for proper investigation.