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Human Resource

Development in India
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Different Jobs Goods & Services

Police
Farmer
Teacher
Taxi Driver
Engineer
Doctor
Fish Seller
Scientist
Lab Technician
Office Assistant
IT Professional

Maintains Law & Order


Produces Agricultural Crops
Teaches the Future Generation
Arranges Transportation

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HRD
(Human
Resource

Mental
Ability
Physical
Ability

Development)

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Education
Health Care
Training

HRD Different Levels

Individual Effort
Family Support
Institution Facilities
Nation Facilities

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Quantitative

Human
Resource
Features

Qualitative

Growth of
Population

Birth Rate
Death Rate

Size of
Population
Density of
Population

Structure of
Population

Age Structure
Sex Ratio
Participation Ratio
Dependence Ratio

Education

Literacy Rate

Health Care

Life Expectancy

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Size of Population
Total Number of People
Residing in a Country at a
Particular Time
Study about
Population

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World
Population
Day
July 11
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Population Census in India


Once in 10 Years
Last in 2011(Information Based on 1 Mar 2011)
121.02 Crore People
Male 62.37, Female 58.65

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Why Population Studies?


To Assess Different Needs of the People
To Plan Activities & Programs for them
To Know the Availability of Human Resources
To Understand the Basic Facilities Required
To Calculate the Goods & Services Required
To Determine the Socio-Economic Policies

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World Population

World Land Area


India
2.4 %

China
19.4 %

India
17.5 %

Other
63.1 %

Other
97.6 %

China

India

Other

India

Other

India & China

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Can Play a Major Role in


making HR Available
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Density of Population
Total Number of
People Per Square
Kilometer area

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Relation Between Density of


Population & Availability of HR
More People More Labour Force HRD

-ve Effect

Education,
Health Care,
Training etc

Unemployment
& Poverty

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Growth of Population
Increase in the Number of People in an
Area within a Specific Period of Time

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Factors that Affect the


Population of a Country
Number
of Live
Births
per
1000

Death
Rate

Birth
Rate
Migration

Number
of
Deaths
per
1000

Settlement of People of a Region in Another

International

(One Country to Another)

Interstate

(One State to Another)

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Intrastate

(One Place to Another)

Structure of Population
Classification of Population into Different Age
Groups like Labour Force & Dependent Group and
the Ratio of Each Group

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Age Structure in India 2011

Age Structure

Age 60 8%

1. Age 0 - 14

Age 0-14
29.4 %
Age 0-14
Age 15-59
Age 60 -

Age 15-59
62.5 %

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2. Age 15 - 59
3. Age 60 -

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Participation Rate

Dependency Rate

Labour Force

Dependent Group

Age 15 - 59

Age 0-14 & 60-

Employed or
Looking for job
Contribute to the
Progress of the
Nation

Depends on the
Labour Force
If it Increases
Decreases Per
Capita Income

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Sex Ratio
Number of Females Per 1000 Males

2001

2011

933 Females per


1000 Males

940 Females per


1000 Males

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Activity 1
Write a Short Note on the Quantitative Aspects
of Population?
a) Size of Population
b) Density of Population
c) Growth of Population
d) Structure of Population

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Population

Quantitative Features of Human Resources

Size

Density
Growth
Structure

Total Number of People Residing in


a Country at a Particular Time
Total Number of People Per Square
Kilometer area
Increase in the Number of People
in an Area within a Specific Period
of Time
Classification of Population into
Different Age Groups like Labour
Force & Dependent Group

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Qualitative Features
of Human Resources
Education
Healthcare
Training

Social Capital
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Economic
Inequality is
Reduced

Productivity of
the Workers
Increased

Entrepreneurship
Improves

Improved
Human
Resource

Natural Resource
is Utilized
Effectively

Makes Possible the


Development & use of
Advanced Technology

Social Welfare is
Ensured
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Education & HRD

Literacy Rate in India


Year
2001
2011

Male
75.8
82.14

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Female
54.16
65.46

Total
65.38
74.04

Ministry of Human Resource Development


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Activity 2
Prepare a Flow Chart
Which shows How
Education Helps in the
Development of a Country

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Different Educational Projects by India

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ICDS

Integrated Development
up to 6 Years
Health Care for
Pregnant
Lactating

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SSA

Universal Primary Education for All


Educational Facility Improving
Quality of Education
Cluster Trainings
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RMSA
o Access to
Secondary
Education
o Educational
Facility
Improving
o
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RUSA
Access to Higher Education
Higher Education Quality
Improving

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NSDMRS
Working Skills of Youth
Employable Skills

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Activity 3
Which are the Different
Projects Implemented by
Govt. of India to Develop
Education and Skills

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Directive
Free &
Principles of Compulsory
Constitution Education for
all below 14
Fundamental Primary
Right (2002) Education for
all between
6 -14
Right to
Elementary
Education Education for
Act (2009) all
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Limitations of Education Sector

Drop Outs Continue


Lack of Basic Facilities
Less Quality of Education
All are not able to get Admission
Economically & Socially
Backward are Denied Education

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Healthcare & HRD


Health is a State of
Physical, Mental & Social
Wellbeing
Physical
Mental

Social

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Responsibility of
Govt. to Ensure
Healthcare for All

Activity 4
How Can you say that Healthy Persons can
Participate in the Progress of a Country ?

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A Healthy Person Can Participate


in the Progress of a Country
Increased Number of
Working Days
Efficiency & Production
Natural Resources can be Utilised Properly
Less Medical Expense
Economic Development
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Facilities to be Ensured for Healthcare


o Nutritious Food
o Clean Water
o Preventive Measures
o Cleanliness
o Medical Facilities
o Leisure and Entertainment
o Healthy Environment
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Institutions for Healthcare


Medical Colleges
District Hospitals
Community Health Centres
Primary Health Centres
Health Sub Centers

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Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences

Multispecialty
Hospitals in
Kerala

Medical Trust Hospital


Lakeshore Hospital

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Multispecialty
Hospitals

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Different Systems
of Medicine

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Quality Health Services in Rural & Urban Area


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Life Expectancy in India


Year
2001
2011

Male
63.9
64.6

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Female
66.9
67.7

Total
65.4
66.1

Activity 5
Write a Short Note on the Qualitative Aspects
of Population?
a) Literacy rate
b) Life Expectancy

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Limitations of Health Sector

Poor Quality
Limited Social Intervention
Low Priority to Public Sector
Less Access to Medical Facilities to Poor
Neglect of Rural Sector
Difficulty to Control Epidemics
Lack of Sufficient Nutritious Food
Lack of Sufficient Health Care
Unsolved Pollution Problems
Increased Treatment Cost

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Natural
Resources

Human
Resources
Increased
Production

Economic Development
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Additional Activities

1. What is HRD and which are the Different Levels of HRD?


2. Which are the Factors that Affect the Population of a
Country?
3. What is the Difference between Participation Rate &
Dependency Rate?
4. Which are the Facilities to be Ensured for Healthcare ?
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

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Michael Angelo M.A. MA (Phi.,His.)


HSA(Social Science)
St. Marys H.S. Palliport
mamichaelma@gmail.com
9746953695