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Final exam

1. In osmosis, water tends to move:


a. From an area of low concentration to an area of high concentration
b. From equilibrium to a concentration gradient
c. From an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration
d. Until it is hypotonic

2. The macromolecule shown below is

a.
b.
c.
d.

Starch
Glucose
Protein
Lipid

3. The body makes CO2 by:


a. Breaking down Oxygen
b. Breaking down proteins
c. Breaking down DNA
d. Breaking down glucose
4. Eukaryotic cells differ from prokaryotic cells in that eukaryotic cells
a. Lack organelles
b. Have DNA but no organelles
c. Are smaller than prokaryotic cells
d. Have a nucleus
5. Proteins are produced in the
a. Nucleus
b. Ribosomes
c. Vacuole
d. Mitochondria
6. The formula for respiration is:
a. Glucose + oxygen carbon dioxide + water + energy
b. Glucose + water carbon dioxide + oxygen + energy
c. Glucose + energy oxygen + carbon dioxide + water
d. Carbon dioxide + energy oxygen + water + glucose

7. Structures present in plant cells but absent from animal cells include:
a. Chloroplasts and cell wall
b. Mitochondria and cell wall
c. Ribosomes and ER
d. Lysosomes and Golgi
8. Using the diagram explain what is being transported
ribsomes

ER

Golgi

a.
b.
c.
d.

Oxygen
DNA
Proteins
Starch

9. If the mitochondria did not exist in a cell then:


a. No energy would be created
b. No DNA would get made
c. Molecules would enter and exit the cell
d. No proteins would be made
10. Assume that the inside of a cell has 1% salt solution. If this cell is placed in 100% salt
solution, it will:
a. Get bigger
b. Get smaller
c. Stay the same
d. Do mitosis
Use the following data table from a students notebook to answer questions 16-18
What was placed
Changed after Benedicts was
in the test tube
added and heated up
water
Blue
Hot cheetos
Brown-rust/orange
Cheese
Blue
Sugar (glucose)
Brown-rust/orange
11. Using this data table only we can see that cheese:
a. Has glucose
b. Does not have glucose
c. Has lipids
d. Does not have lipids
12. Using this data table only we can see that hot cheetos:

a.
b.
c.
d.

Has glucose
Does not have glucose
Has lipids
Does not have lipids

13. Why does this student test water and glucose?


a. These are the students negative and positive controls
b. These are items the student wanted to test
c. The student found these very easily at home
d. The student wanted procedures
14. The purpose of a hypothesis is:
a. To make a graph
b. To list the materials
c. To make an educated guess
d. To be right
Use the cell-city diagram below to answer questions 37-38

15. In the cell city diagram shown above, what would the guard represent?
a. Mitochondria
b. Cell membrane
c. Nucleus
d. Vacuole
16..In the cell city diagram shown above, what would the power plant represent?
a.Ribosomes
b. Vacuole
c.Nucleolus
d.Mitochondria
17.,In the cell city, what would the city government represent?
a. Mitochondria
b. Cell membrane

c. Nucleus
d. Vacuole

18..Macromolecules are made up of what of the following elements:


a. Carbon, hydrogen, boron
b. Carbon, hydrogen, boron, chlorine
c. Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
d. Carbon, boron, chlorine
19. If I use this biology book then my test scores will go up This is considered part of
a.Experiment
b. Hypothesis
c. observation
d.Conclusion
20.Which organelle in plant cells captures the suns energy to make glucose?
aNucleus
bChloroplast
cCell membrane
dGlucose
21.Biology is the study of:
a. Chemistry
b. Cells
c. Life
d. Meal worms
22.Mr. Zepeda played what sport in high school :
e. Football
f. Basketball
g. Cheerleading
h. Golf
23.. A nucleotide is made of
a. a sugar, a protein, and adenine
b. a sugar, an amino acid, and starch
c. a sugar, a phosphate, and a base
d. a starch, a phosphate, and a base

24.The following diagram of a cell show that: (cell is permeable to water)

H2 O

a.The cell is in hypertonic solution


b.The cell is in hypotonic solution
c.The cell is in isotonic solution
d.The cell is in equilibrium
25-28 match the monomer
25. DNA+ RNA
26.Protein
27. Carbohydrates
28.Lipids(fats)

A.Monosaccharides
b.Amino Acid
c.Fatty Acids
d.Nucleotides

29. Nucleotides are composed of :


A. Sugar, amino acid, carbon
B. Sugar , phosphate , base
C Base, fatty acid, hydrogen
d. glucose, phosphorus, base

____

____

____

____

____

____

30A student is collecting the gas given off from a plant in bright sunlight at a temperature of 27C. The gas
being collected is probably
a. oxygen.
c. ATP.
b. carbon dioxide.
d. vaporized water.
31. Photosynthesis uses sunlight to convert water and carbon dioxide into
a. oxygen.
b. high-energy sugars and starches.
c. ATP and oxygen.
d. oxygen and high-energy sugars and starches.
32. Which of the following is(are) used in the overall reactions for photosynthesis?
a. carbon dioxide
c. light
b. water
d. all of the above
33. Plants gather the suns energy with light-absorbing molecules called
a. pigments.
c. chloroplasts.
b. thylakoids.
d. glucose.
34. The stroma is the region outside the
a. thylakoids.
c. plant cells.
b. chloroplasts.
d. all of the above
35. The Calvin cycle is another name for
a. light-independent reactions.
c. photosynthesis.
b. light-dependent reactions.
d. all of the above
36. The Calvin cycle takes place in the

____ 37.

____ 38.

____ 39.

____ 40.

____ 41.

____ 42.

____ 43.

____ 44.

____ 45.

____ 46.

____ 47.

____ 48.

____ 49.

____ 50.

a. stroma.
c. thylakoid membranes.
b. photosystems.
d. chlorophyll molecules.
What is a product of the Calvin cycle?
a. oxygen gas
c. high-energy sugars
b. ATP
d. carbon dioxide gas
If carbon dioxide is completely removed from a plants environment, what would you expect to happen to
the plants production of high-energy sugars?
a. More sugars will be produced.
b. No sugars will be produced.
c. The same number of sugars will be produced but without carbon dioxide.
d. Carbon dioxide does not affect the production of high-energy sugars in plants.
Which of the following is NOT a stage of cellular respiration?
a. fermentation
c. glycolysis
b. electron transport
d. Krebs cycle
Which of the following is released during cellular respiration?
a. oxygen
c. energy
b. air
d. lactic acid
Cellular respiration uses one molecule of glucose to produce
a. 2 ATP molecules.
c. 36 ATP molecules.
b. 34 ATP molecules.
d. 38 ATP molecules.
What is the correct equation for cellular respiration?
a. 6O2 + C6H12O6 6CO2 + 6H2O + Energy
b. 6O2 + C6H12O6 + Energy 6CO2 + 6H2O
c. 6CO2 + 6H2O 6O2 + C6H12O6 + Energy
d. 6CO2 + 6H2O + Energy 6O2 + C6H12O6
Cellular respiration releases energy by breaking down
a. food molecules.
c. carbon dioxide.
b. ATP.
d. water.
The starting molecule for glycolysis is
a. ADP.
c. citric acid.
b. pyruvic acid.
d. glucose.
Which process does NOT release energy from glucose?
a. glycolysis
c. fermentation
b. photosynthesis
d. cellular respiration
How are cellular respiration and photosynthesis almost opposite processes?
a. Photosynthesis releases energy, and cellular respiration stores energy.
b. Photosynthesis removes carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, and cellular respiration puts
it back.
c. Photosynthesis removes oxygen from the atmosphere, and cellular respiration puts it back.
d. all of the above
Photosynthesis is to chloroplasts as cellular respiration is to
a. chloroplasts.
c. mitochondria.
b. cytoplasm.
d. nuclei.
Unlike photosynthesis, cellular respiration occurs in
a. animal cells only.
c. all but plant cells.
b. plant cells only.
d. all eukaryotic cells.
Plants cannot release energy from glucose using
a. glycolysis.
c. the Krebs cycle.
b. photosynthesis.
d. cellular respiration.
The products of photosynthesis are the

a. products of cellular respiration.


c. products of glycolysis.
b. reactants of cellular respiration.
d. reactants of fermentation.
____ 51. Averys experiments showed that bacteria are transformed by
a. RNA.
c. proteins.
b. DNA.
d. carbohydrates.
____ 52. What did Griffith observe when he injected a mixture of heat-killed, disease-causing bacteria and live
harmless bacteria into mice?
a. The disease-causing bacteria changed into harmless bacteria.
b. The mice developed pneumonia.
c. The harmless bacteria died.
d. The mice were unaffected.

Figure 121
____ 53. Figure 121 shows the structure of a(an)
a. DNA molecule.
b. amino acid.
____ 54. In eukaryotes, DNA
a. is located in the nucleus.
b. floats freely in the cytoplasm.

c. RNA molecule.
d. protein.
c. is located in the ribosomes.
d. is circular.

Modified True/False
Indicate whether the statement is true or false. If false, change the identified word or phrase to make the statement
true.
____ 55. The smallest units that are considered to be alive are organisms. _________________________
____ 56. Lipids are important parts of biological membranes and waterproof coverings.
_________________________
____ 57. If a cell contains a nucleus, it must be a prokaryote. _________________________

Figure 71
____ 58. The cell represented in Figure 71 is a eukaryote. _________________________
____ 59. The main function of the cell wall is to provide support and protection. _________________________
____ 60. Once equilibrium is reached, roughly equal numbers of molecules move in either direction across a
semipermeable membrane, and there is no further change in concentration on either side of the
membrane. _________________________
____ 61. A red blood cell placed in pure water will shrink. _________________________
____ 62. Ultimately, the energy that a carnivore, such as a wolf, uses comes from sunlight.
_________________________

Figure 81
____ 63. The substance represented in Figure 81 is called ATP. _________________________
____ 64. If a plant and a burning candle are placed under a bell jar, the candle will burn because the plant gives off
carbon dioxide. _________________________
____ 65. Plants gather the suns energy with light-absorbing molecules called pigments.
_________________________
____ 66. A plant whose leaves are naturally yellow probably contains chlorophyll as well as other light-absorbing
pigments. _________________________
____ 67. If you grind up the chloroplasts found in spinach leaves into a liquid solution, the solution will have a
green color. _________________________

Figure 83
____ 68. The structure labeled A in Figure 83 contains chlorophyll. _________________________

Please choose the best answer for each question.


For questions 69-72 use the following information:
B = Brown eyes b = blue eyes
T = Tall

t = short

W = Widows
peak

w = no widows peak

A Heterozygous Tall woman mates with a short male.


69. What is the chance that their child will be born short?
A. 50% B. 25% C. 100% D. 0% E. 75%
70.. What is the chance that their child will be Homozygous for tall?
A. 50% B. 25% C. 100% D. 0% E. 75%
A man who is Homozygous recessive for widows peak mates with a heterozygous
female.
71.. What is the chance that they will have a child without a widows peak?
A. 50% B. 25% C. 100% D. 0% E. 75%
72. What is the chance that their child will be heterozygous?
A. 50% B. 25% C. 100% D. 0% E. 75%

Part IV: Incomplete/Complete Dominance


73. Characteristic of Incomplete dominance is that a heterozygous individual will:
A. Have a mix of the dominant and recessive phenotypes
B. Show both the dominant alleles
C. Express only the dominant allele, not the recessive
D. Express the recessive allele, not the dominant
74.. Characteristic of Co-dominance is that an individual codominant for two traits will:
A. Have a mix of the dominant and recessive phenotypes
B. Show both the dominant alleles
C. Express only the dominant allele, not the recessive
D. Express the recessive allele, not the dominant
75. The ABO Blood types are an example of:
A. Codominance B. Classical inheritance

C. Incomplete Dominance D. Death

76. A red snapdragon is crossed with a white snapdragon. All the offspring are pink. This is an
example of:
A. Codominance B. Classical inheritance
C. Incomplete Dominance D. Death