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Reinforced concrete beam


Table of Contents
1

Geometry description.............................................................................................................................................. 3

Loads and combinations......................................................................................................................................... 3

2.1

Load cases..........................................................................................................................................................................3

2.2

Loads description...............................................................................................................................................................3

2.3

Combinations.....................................................................................................................................................................3

Global assumptions................................................................................................................................................. 4
3.1

Localization........................................................................................................................................................................4

3.2

Units...................................................................................................................................................................................5

3.3

Materials.............................................................................................................................................................................5

3.4

Concrete covers..................................................................................................................................................................6

Creep coefficient ..................................................................................................................................................... 6

Internal forces.......................................................................................................................................................... 7

5.1

Envelope of ULS combinations.........................................................................................................................................7

5.2

Envelope of SLS combinations..........................................................................................................................................8

5.3

Synthetic values table.........................................................................................................................................................9

Longitudinal reinforcement.................................................................................................................................... 9
6.1

Theoretical and real longitudinal reinforcement values....................................................................................................9

6.2

Detailed calculation..........................................................................................................................................................10

Transversal reinforcement................................................................................................................................... 16
7.1

Transversal reinforcement global assumptions...............................................................................................................16

7.2

Provided transversal reinforcement values......................................................................................................................16

7.3

Minimal constructive dispositions...................................................................................................................................17

7.4

Detailed calculation..........................................................................................................................................................17

Stresses verification............................................................................................................................................... 21
8.1

Envelope of SLS-CRQ combinations..............................................................................................................................21

8.2

Envelope of SLS-FRQ combinations..............................................................................................................................21

8.3

Envelope of SLS-QP combinations.................................................................................................................................22

Crack width check................................................................................................................................................. 24


9.1

Graphical values...............................................................................................................................................................25

9.2

Synthetic values table......................................................................................................................................................25

10 Anchorage calculation........................................................................................................................................... 26
11 Support strut verification..................................................................................................................................... 27
12 Support reactions.................................................................................................................................................. 27
13 Deflections.............................................................................................................................................................. 28
14 Bill of materials...................................................................................................................................................... 31

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15 Warnings and error messages.............................................................................................................................. 32

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Geometry description

Span: 1
Span: 2
Length
Width of the beam web
Total height of the beam
Width of the right support
Width of the right support

Loads and combinations

2.1

Load cases
Load cases description

ID

Title

1
2

Dead loads 1
Live loads 1

2.2

0.7

0.5

0.3

1.1
1.5

1.35
1.5

0.9
1.5

1
1.5

Loads description
Uniform linear loads

Load

Span

Load case

h'

ID
1
2
3

ID
1
2
2

ID Name
1 - Dead loads 1
1 - Dead loads 1
2 - Live loads 1

(kN/m)
2.00
2.00
1.00

(mm)
0.0
0.0
-150.0

(mm)
6150.0
6150.0
6300.0

(mm)
-

2.3

Combinations

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ID
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110

Combinations description
Combination
Code
+1x[1 G]
ECELUSTR
+1.35x[1 G]
ECELUSTR
+1x[1 G]+1.5x[2 Q]
ECELUSTR
+1.35x[1 G]+1.5x[2 Q]
ECELUSTR
+1x[1 G]
ECELSCQ
+1x[1 G]+1x[2 Q]
ECELSCQ
+1x[1 G]
ECELSFQ
+1x[1 G]+0.5x[2 Q]
ECELSFQ
+1x[1 G]
ECELSQP
+1x[1 G]+0.3x[2 Q]
ECELSQP

Type
ULS
ULS
ULS
ULS
SLS
SLS
SLS
SLS
SLS
SLS

Global assumptions

Concrete design calculation:

EN1992-1-1 / EN1992-1-2.

Loadings and combinations:

EN1990 / EN1991.

Longitudinal reinforcement design:

EN1992-1-1 / 6.1 - 'Limit reduced moment' method

Transversal reinforcement design:

Standard method (EN1992-1-1, 6.2.2 / 6.2.3).

Concrete:

No concrete with silica fume


No high performance concrete

Reinforcement diagram:

Bilinear stress-strain diagram

Seismic dispositions:

No seismic dispositions.

Fire resistance:

R0

Self weight:

Self weight considered without compression flanges.

Calculation section type:

T-section design.

3.1

Localization

Localization

France

Element name

Main beam

Element ID

Position

Drawing

Level

0 mm NGF

Coordinates

X = 0 mm; Y = 0 mm; Z = 0 mm
X = 0 mm; Y = 0 mm; Z = 0 mm

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3.2

Units

Lengths

mm

Forces

kN

Moments

kNm

Stresses

MN/m

Angles

Reinforcement areas

cm

Reinforcement covers

mm

Crack Width

mm

3.3

Materials

Concrete quality (EN1992-1-1 / 3.1)


Span 1: Concrete class: C25/30
Span 2: Concrete class: C25/30

Density:
ULS :
ULSA:

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Steel quality (EN1992-1-1, Section 3 / Annex C)

Steel grade: B500A

Span 1: Steel class: B500A


Span 2: Steel class: B500A

ULS :
ULSA:
Ductility class: A

Density:
Horizontal plastic branch
k = 1.05

3.4

Concrete covers

Exposure class (4.2)

XC1

Structural class, according to Table 4.3

S4

Concrete covers (4.4.1)


Top
Span

Bottom

Cover

(mm)
(mm)
1
25.0
25.0
2
25.0
25.0
Minimal cover value for durability

Cover
(mm)
8.0
8.0

(mm)
25.0
25.0

Cover
(mm)
(mm)
25.0
8.0
25.0
8.0
(4.4.1.2 (5))

Execution tolerance

(4.4.1.1 2(P))

Security tolerance

(4.4.1.2 (6))

Reduction for stainless steel

(4.4.1.2 (7))

Reduction for supplementary protection

(4.4.1.2 (8))

Lateral
(mm)
25.0
25.0

(mm)
25.0
25.0

(mm)
8.0
8.0

Creep coefficient

The creep coefficient calculation is done according to Annex B of EN1992-1-1.


Relative Humidity
Time at initial loading (in days)
Coefficient to describe the development of
creep with time after loading

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Span: 1
Span: 2
Notional size of the member in mm (B.6)
Humidity influence (B.3a)
Influence of concrete resistance (B.4)
Age of loading t, considering the effect of the
cement type (B.9), in days

Influence of concrete maturity (B.5)


Long term creep coefficient (B.2)
Creep coefficient (B.1)

Internal forces

5.1

Envelope of ULS combinations

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5.2

Envelope of SLS combinations

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5.3

Synthetic values table

Span

Section

Abscissa

Position

(mm)
1

Left Support

Right Support

6000

MInf

2340

VInf

6000

wk Max

6000

Left Support

Right Support

6000

MInf

3600

VSup

Top
Bottom
Top
Bottom
Top
Bottom
Top
Bottom
Top
Bottom
Top
Bottom
Top
Bottom
Top
Bottom
Top
Bottom

(kNm)

(kNm)

(kNm)

(kNm)

(kN)

(kNm)

-2.77
2.14
-25.04
0.00
0.00
18.48
-25.04
0.00
0.00
0.00
-24.38
0.00
-3.65
2.79
0.00
24.37
-24.38
0.00

-2.05
1.59
-18.32
0.00
0.00
13.69
-18.32
0.00
0.00
0.00
-17.88
0.00
-2.64
2.02
0.00
17.61
-17.88
0.00

-2.05
1.59
-17.29
0.00
0.00
13.69
-17.29
0.00
0.00
0.00
-17.08
0.00
-2.35
1.81
0.00
15.65
-17.08
0.00

-2.05
1.59
-16.88
0.00
0.00
13.69
-16.88
0.00
0.00
0.00
-16.76
0.00
-2.23
1.73
0.00
14.86
-16.76
0.00

14.02
0.00
0.00
-22.55
0.00
-0.55
0.00
-22.55
0.00
0.00
27.06
0.00
0.00
-18.01
0.42
-0.09
27.06
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

: ULS design bending moment


: Characteristic SLS design bending moment.
: Frequent SLS design bending moment.
: Quasi-permanent SLS design bending moment.
: ULS design shear force
: ULS design torsion moment

Longitudinal reinforcement

6.1

Theoretical and real longitudinal reinforcement values

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Bending moments

Span

Section

Abscissa
(mm)

Left Support

0.0

Position

MEd
(kNm)

MRd
(kNm)

Work
Ratio

Reinforcement
Minimum
Theoretical
Real
(cm)
(cm)
(cm)

Bottom
2.14
1.19
Top
-2.77
46.23
6.00 %
1.19
Right
Support
1
6000.0
Bottom
0.00
Top
-25.04
29.69
84.33 %
1.32
MInf
1
2340.0
Bottom
18.48
36.90 %
1.19
Top
0.00
VInf
1
6000.0
Bottom
0.00
Top
-25.04
29.69
84.33 %
1.32
wk Max
1
6000.0
Bottom
0.00
Top
29.69
0.00 %
1.32
Left Support
2
0.0
Bottom
0.00
Top
-24.38
29.59
82.38 %
1.28
Right Support
2
6000.0
Bottom
2.79
1.19
Top
-3.65
34.51
10.59 %
1.19
MInf
2
3600.0
Bottom
24.37
48.65 %
1.28
Top
0.00
VSup
2
0.0
Bottom
0.00
Top
-24.38
29.59
82.38 %
1.28
The value of the effective height (d) is defined automatically according to the real reinforcement in place.

6.2

1.82
1.18
0.00
1.51
2.51
0.00
0.00
1.51
0.00
1.51
0.00
1.51
1.51
1.18
2.51
0.00
0.00
1.51

1.19
1.19
1.19
1.19
1.19
1.19
1.19
1.19
1.19

Detailed calculation

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Span

T 1.1, Section MInf, Abscissa 2340.0 mm, (Bottom bars)

Combination

ULS 102 : +1.35x[1 G]

Design bending moment


Reduced moment value
Reduced moment limit
Compressed reinforcement is not required
Neutral axis
Inner lever arm
Steel stress in tension
Tension reinforcement area
The minimal and maximal percentages of longitudinal reinforcement in the beam are defined by the article 9.2.1.1 from
EN1992-1-1:
Minimal percentage (9.1N)

Bending moment resistance


Bending moment verification
Work Ratio

36.90 %

Span

T 1.1, Section Right Support, Abscissa 6000.0 mm, (Top bars)

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Combination

ULS 104 : +1.35x[1 G]+1.5x[2 Q]

Design bending moment


Reduced moment value
Reduced moment limit
Compressed reinforcement is not required
Neutral axis
Inner lever arm
Steel stress in tension
Tension reinforcement area
The minimal and maximal percentages of longitudinal reinforcement in the beam are defined by the article 9.2.1.1 from
EN1992-1-1:
Minimal percentage (9.1N)

Bending moment resistance


Bending moment verification
Work Ratio

84.33 %

Span

T 1.1, Section Left Support, Abscissa 0.0 mm, (Top bars)

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Combination

ULS 102 : +1.35x[1 G]

Design bending moment


Reduced moment value
Reduced moment limit
Compressed reinforcement is not required
Neutral axis
Inner lever arm
Steel stress in tension
Tension reinforcement area
The minimal and maximal percentages of longitudinal reinforcement in the beam are defined by the article 9.2.1.1 from
EN1992-1-1:
Minimal percentage (9.1N)

Bending moment resistance


Bending moment verification
Work Ratio

6.00 %

Span

T 1.2, Section MInf, Abscissa 3600.0 mm, (Bottom bars)

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Combination

ULS 104 : +1.35x[1 G]+1.5x[2 Q]

Design bending moment


Reduced moment value
Reduced moment limit
Compressed reinforcement is not required
Neutral axis
Inner lever arm
Steel stress in tension
Tension reinforcement area
The minimal and maximal percentages of longitudinal reinforcement in the beam are defined by the article 9.2.1.1 from
EN1992-1-1:
Minimal percentage (9.1N)

Bending moment resistance


Bending moment verification
Work Ratio

48.65 %

Span

T 1.2, Section Right Support, Abscissa 6000.0 mm, (Top bars)

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Combination

ULS 104 : +1.35x[1 G]+1.5x[2 Q]

Design bending moment


Reduced moment value
Reduced moment limit
Compressed reinforcement is not required
Neutral axis
Inner lever arm
Steel stress in tension
Tension reinforcement area
The minimal and maximal percentages of longitudinal reinforcement in the beam are defined by the article 9.2.1.1 from
EN1992-1-1:
Minimal percentage (9.1N)

Bending moment resistance


Bending moment verification
Work Ratio

10.59 %

Span

T 1.2, Section Left Support, Abscissa 0.0 mm, (Top bars)

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Combination

ULS 104 : +1.35x[1 G]+1.5x[2 Q]

Design bending moment


Reduced moment value
Reduced moment limit
Compressed reinforcement is not required
Neutral axis
Inner lever arm
Steel stress in tension
Tension reinforcement area
The minimal and maximal percentages of longitudinal reinforcement in the beam are defined by the article 9.2.1.1 from
EN1992-1-1:
Minimal percentage (9.1N)

Bending moment resistance


Bending moment verification
Work Ratio

82.38 %

Transversal reinforcement

7.1

Transversal reinforcement global assumptions

The transversal reinforcement calculation is done according to article 6.2 of EN1992-1-1.


No direct transmission for shear force.

7.2

Provided transversal reinforcement values

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Span

1
1
1
1
2
2
2
2

7.3

Section

Left Support
Right Support
MInf
VInf
Left Support
Right Support
MInf
VSup

Abscissa Combi VEdred


(mm)
0.0
6000.0
2340.0
6000.0
0.0
6000.0
3600.0
0.0

ID
102
101
101
101
104
101
102
104

(kN)
11.49
14.46
0.84
14.46
23.91
8.51
1.14
23.91

VRd,c VRd,max
(kN)
33.95
33.95
33.95
33.95
33.95
33.95
33.95
33.95

Asw

Asw,mi Asw,rea
n
l

VRds

Work

(kN) (cm/ml) (cm/ml) (cm/ml)


360.45
1.60
1.60
3.77
360.45
1.60
1.60
3.77
360.45
1.60
1.60
3.77
360.45
1.60
1.60
3.77
360.45
1.60
1.60
3.77
360.45
1.60
1.60
3.77
360.45
1.60
1.60
3.77
360.45
1.60
1.60
3.77

(kN)
65.65
65.65
65.65
65.65
65.65
65.65
65.65
65.65

Ratio
17.51 %
22.03 %
1.28 %
22.03 %
36.42 %
12.96 %
1.74 %
36.42 %

Minimal constructive dispositions

The minimal transversal reinforcement is defined according 9.2.2 from EN1992-1-1


Minimal percentage
Minimal transversal reinforcement area
The maximum spacing is calculated according to 5.13 from EN1998-1-1

7.4

Detailed calculation

The shear verification and dimensioning of the shear reinforcement is done according to article 6.2 of the EN1992-1-1
Span

T 1.1, Section VInf, Abscissa 6000.0 mm

Combination

101 : +1x[1 G]

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Span

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T 1.2, Section VSup, Abscissa 0.0 mm

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Combination

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104 : +1.35x[1 G]+1.5x[2 Q]

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Design shear force


Reduced design shear force
Strut angle
Inner lever arm
(6.2.2 (1))
Factor taking account the effective height
Longitudinal reinforcement ratio, (6.2.2(1))
Minimal resistant shear force (6.3N)
Design value for the shear resistance (6.2.a) &
(6.2.b)

Coefficient taking account of the state of the


stress in the compression chord
Strength reduction factor for concrete cracked
in shear (6.6N)

Design value of the maximum shear force (6.9)

Theoretical shear reinforcement area (6.8)

Real shear reinforcement area


Design value for the shear resistance with real
value of shear reinforcement, expression (6.8)

Shear force verification


Work Ratio

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22.03 %

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Stresses verification

8.1

Envelope of SLS-CRQ combinations

Concrete compressive stress

Reinforcement tension stress

8.2

Envelope of SLS-FRQ combinations

Concrete compressive stress

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Reinforcement tension stress

8.3

Envelope of SLS-QP combinations

Concrete compressive stress

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Reinforcement tension stress

Synthetic values table


Span

Section

Abscissa Envelope
(mm)

Max Steel Tension

2340.0

Max Concrete Compression

2340.0

Left Support

0.0

Right Support

6000.0

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Stresses (MN/m)

Type
CRQ
FRQ
QP
CRQ
FRQ
QP
CRQ
FRQ
QP
CRQ
FRQ

WR
3.79
3.79
3.79
3.79
3.79
3.79
3.79
3.79
3.79
3.57
3.57

24.11
24.11
24.11
24.11
24.11
24.11
24.11
24.11
24.11
22.72
23.69

2.38
2.38
2.38
2.38
2.38
2.38
0.41
0.41
0.41
3.76
3.49

9.53 %
9.53 %
9.53 %
9.53 %
9.53 %
9.53 %
1.65 %
1.65 %
1.65 %
15.05 %
13.95 %

WR
132.03
132.03
132.03
132.03
132.03
132.03
40.41
40.41
40.41
284.36
268.76

33.01 %
33.01 %
33.01 %
33.01 %
33.01 %
33.01 %
10.10 %
10.10 %
10.10 %
71.09 %
67.19 %

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Span

Section

Abscissa Envelope
(mm)

wk Max

6000.0

Max Steel Tension

4200.0

Max Concrete Compression

4200.0

Left Support

0.0

Right Support

6000.0

Stresses (MN/m)

Type
QP
CRQ
FRQ
QP
CRQ
FRQ
QP
CRQ
FRQ
QP
CRQ
FRQ
QP
CRQ
FRQ
QP

WR
3.79
3.57
3.57
3.79
3.37
3.37
3.79
3.37
3.37
3.79
3.62
3.62
3.79
3.38
3.38
3.79

24.11
22.72
23.69
24.11
21.43
23.25
24.11
21.43
23.25
24.11
23.00
23.78
24.11
21.46
23.27
24.11

3.38
3.76
3.49
3.38
3.64
3.14
2.95
3.64
3.14
2.95
3.65
3.44
3.36
0.57
0.49
0.45

13.52 %
15.05 %
13.95 %
13.52 %
14.54 %
12.56 %
11.79 %
14.54 %
12.56 %
11.79 %
14.61 %
13.76 %
13.42 %
2.29 %
1.94 %
1.81 %

WR
262.51
284.36
268.76
262.51
258.56
231.40
220.53
258.56
231.40
220.53
277.65
265.54
260.69
51.75
46.08
43.81

65.63 %
71.09 %
67.19 %
65.63 %
64.64 %
57.85 %
55.13 %
64.64 %
57.85 %
55.13 %
69.41 %
66.38 %
65.17 %
12.94 %
11.52 %
10.95 %

Crack width check

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9.1

Graphical values

9.2

Synthetic values table

Span

Section

1
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
2

Left Support
Right Support
MInf
VInf
wk Max
Left Support
Right Support
MInf
VSup

Abscissa
(mm)
0.0
6000.0
2340.0
6000.0
6000.0
0.0
6000.0
3600.0
0.0

Work
(mm)
0.04
0.20
0.00
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.04
0.00
0.20

(mm)
0.02
0.00
0.08
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.02
0.09
0.00

(mm)
304.4
258.2
202.2
258.2
258.2
258.2
304.4
202.2
258.2

()
0.12
0.79
0.40
0.79
0.79
0.78
0.13
0.43
0.78

(mm)
0.04
0.20
0.08
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.04
0.09
0.20

(mm)
0.40
0.40
0.40
0.40
0.40
0.40
0.40
0.40
0.40

Ratio
9.22 %
50.83 %
20.03 %
50.83 %
50.83 %
50.48 %
10.00 %
21.74 %
50.48 %

The crack opening calculation is done according to EN 1992-1-1, 7.3.4 (1).


Span T 1.1, Section wk Max, Abscissa 6000.0 mm
Envelope of SLS QP combinations
Neutral axis position
Effective tension area, surrounding the
tension reinforcement (7.3.4(2), Fig. 7.1)

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Maximum crack spacing (7.3.4(3), 7.11)

Secant Young modulus

Short term equivalence coefficient


Difference between average strain (7.3.4 (2))

Crack width (7.3.4 (1))

10

Anchorage calculation
Anchorage calculation
Bar

mark
1
2
8
9
3
4
10

Position

Start
End
Start
End
Start
End
Start
End
Start
End
Start
End
Start
End

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(kN)
4.36
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
5.51
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

(mm)
32.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
32.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

(MN/m)
51.98
0.00
51.98
434.78
0.00
109.70
434.78
434.78
342.26
434.78
434.78
434.78
434.78
342.26

(mm)
38.6
0.0
38.6
322.9
0.0
81.5
322.9
322.9
363.1
461.2
461.2
461.2
461.2
363.1

0.70
0.70
0.70
1.00
0.70
0.70
1.00
1.00
0.70
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
0.70

0.98
0.98
0.98
0.70
0.98
0.98
0.70
0.70
0.98
0.70
0.70
0.70
0.70
0.98

1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

0.99
0.98
0.99
1.00
0.98
0.99
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

(mm)
100.0
100.0
100.0
226.0
100.0
100.0
226.0
226.0
249.4
322.9
322.9
322.9
322.9
249.4

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Anchorage calculation: anchorage at a s0.cot(teta) distance.


Anchorage calculation is done according to EN1992-1, 8.4.
m - mandrel diameter.

11

Support strut verification

The support strut verification and dimensioning of the sliding reinforcement is done according to article 6.5 of the EN1992-1-1.
Effective support stress for intermediate
supports:
Effective support stress for edge supports
(Fig. R23.2.6b):
Effective compressive strength for
intermediate supports (6.5.4(4a))
Effective compressive strength for edge
supports (6.5.4(4a))
Span
ID
1
2

12

Sliding reinforcement area

Position
Left
Right
Left
Right

Real
(cm)
1.82
0.47
0.47
1.51

Minimum
(cm)
0.32
0.00
0.00
0.41

'
()
50.31
50.31
-

(MN/m)
0.37
0.85
0.85
0.48

Support strut stress


Work
(MN/m)
Ratio
12.75
2.92 %
15.00
6.70 %
15.00
5.69 %
12.75
3.23 %

Status
Passed
Passed
Passed
Passed

Support reactions
ID - Load case / combination

Support 1

Support 2

Support 3

Fz(kN)

Fz(kN)

Fz(kN)

1 - Charges permanentes 1

-10.75

-33.71

-11.04

2 - Surcharges d'exploitation 1

0.33

-3.82

-2.82

+1x[1 G]

-10.75

-33.71

-11.04

+1.35x[1 G]

-14.51

-45.50

-14.91

+1x[1 G]+1.5x[2 Q]

-10.25

-39.44

-15.27

+1.35x[1 G]+1.5x[2 Q]

-14.01

-51.23

-19.13

+1x[1 G]

-10.75

-33.71

-11.04

+1x[1 G]+1x[2 Q]

-10.42

-37.53

-13.86

+1x[1 G]

-10.75

-33.71

-11.04

+1x[1 G]+0.5x[2 Q]

-10.58

-35.62

-12.45

+1x[1 G]

-10.75

-33.71

-11.04

+1x[1 G]+0.3x[2 Q]

-10.65

-34.85

-11.89

Max (ULS)

-14.51

-51.23

-19.13

Max (SLS)

-10.75

-37.53

-13.86

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13

Deflections

Maximum bending moments


Span
(kNm)

(kNm)

-13.48
-14.58

27.65
27.65

1
2
Critical moment

Deflection calculation
u

Span

1
2

2.925
2.925

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0.49
0.49

(mm)
142.9
142.9

(mm)
1400
1400

464.3
464.3

(days)
28
28

1.000
1.000

2.8
2.8

2.795
2.795

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Span 1
Distance between support axes
Modular ratio
Distance between support axes
Modulus of elasticity of concrete
Second moment of area (homogeneous and
uncracked concrete section)
Second moment of area (cracked concrete
section)
Bottom reinforcement
Top reinforcement area
Deflection for the uncracked conditions
Deflection for the cracked conditions
Distribution coefficient
Span 2
Distance between support axes
Modular ratio
Distance between support axes
Modulus of elasticity of concrete
Second moment of area (homogeneous and
uncracked concrete section)
Second moment of area (cracked concrete
section)
Bottom reinforcement
Top reinforcement area
Deflection for the uncracked conditions
Deflection for the cracked conditions
Distribution coefficient

In GBeam, interpolation is done on


inertias and not on deflections.
The deflections are calculated with the curvature integration method.
The total deflection is calculated according to 7.4.3 from EN1992-1-1.
Total deflection
Span

(mm)
-2.4 mm

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(mm)
25.2 mm

Ratio

Status

(%)
9.58 %

Passed

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Total deflection
Span

(mm)
-2.7 mm

(mm)
25.2 mm

Ratio

Status

(%)
10.83 %

Passed

Total deflection EN 1992-1-1


Total allowable deflection

The deflections are calculated with the curvature integration method.


The dangerous deflection is calculated applying professional rules.
Characteristics
Span

1
2

15.00
15.00

2.0
2.0

fctm,fl

Reinf. (cm)

(MN/m)

(mm)

(MN/m)

(MN/m)

Abottom

2.82
2.82

6000
6000

10491.94
10491.94

31475.81
31475.81

2.51
2.37

Ih

Ie

Atop

(m)

(m)

0.00
0.00

0.00224
0.00223

0.00055
0.00052

Modular ratio

Creep coefficient
Distance between support axes
Long-term deformation modulus of concrete

Short-term deformation modulus of concrete

Abottom
Atop
Ih
Ie

Bottom reinforcement
Top reinforcement area
Second moment of area (homogeneous and uncracked concrete section)
Second moment of area (cracked concrete section)
Span

Mp
(kNm)

1
2

7.00
7.00

Mcr
Span

1
2
Wt = t Wet + (1 - t) Wht

0.00
0.00

2
RC Beam Designer 2017
07-26-2016, 10:54:57

7.00
7.00
Critical moment
Total deflection
Wet
(cm)
-0.774
-0.922

Long term
Short term
Long term

0.00
0.00
0.00

Mp+c+r+q
(kNm)

Mcr
(kNm)

12.70
16.60

26.10
25.95

12.70
12.70

Wht
(cm)
-0.189
-0.215

Deflection deduction - short term


d
Wed

Span
1

Maximum bending moments


Mp+c
Mp+c+r
(kNm)
(kNm)

(cm)
-0.146
-0.438
-0.154

Wt
(cm)
-0.189
-0.215

Whd
(cm)
-0.036
-0.107
-0.036

Wd
(cm)
-0.036
-0.107
-0.036

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Deflection deduction - short term


d
Wed

Span
Short term
Wd= d Wed + (1 - d) Whd

Span

(cm)
-0.461

0.00
Deflection deduction
H
tc

RH

(%)

(mm)

(days)

Whd
(cm)
-0.107

Wd
(cm)
-0.107

c(tc;t)

Wd
(cm)
0.03569055
42608075

(days)

0.000

0.000

2.000

0.000

0.000

2.000

Dangerous deflection
Wnu
(cm)
-0.153
-0.179

Span
1
2
Wd = Wdi + (Wdv - Wdi)
max : Permissible damaging deflection

0.03583274
96767951

max
(cm)
1.200
1.200

Wnu = Wt - Wd

14

Bill of materials
Beam
Level
T 1.1
T 1.2

Dimensions (m)
r

6.45
6.45

0.50
0.50

Concrete
(m)

Formwork
(m)

Ratio
(kg/m)

0.20
0.20

0.645
0.645

7.200
7.200

40.135
28.826

The average ratio is calculated with the total height of the beam.
Total steel
Total concrete
Total formwork
Average Ratio
Average Diameter

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44.48 kg
1.29 m
7 m
34.48 kg/m
7.9 mm

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15
Type
W
W

Warnings and error messages


Span
T 1.1
T 1.2

Level

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07-26-2016, 10:54:57

Message
No error found
No error found

Value
-

Limit
-

Page 32 of 32