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EMAG Tutorial 3: 3

Phase Busbars
Tutorial 3

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Busbar current
excitation with phases
separated by 120
electrical degrees
Obtain real and
imaginary
ag a y parts
pa ts o
of
solution
Observe skin effect in
busbars
Calculate eddy
currents in cabinet
wall
Calculate time
averaged
d heating
h ti
in
i
cabinet wall
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Objective: Set up 3
phase AC analysis in
Workbench
environment

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Portion of cabinet

Busbars

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Enclosure

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Modify
M
dif element
l
t type
t
for
f conducting
d ti regions
i
Define harmonic response analysis type
Define operating frequency
Define excitation (strategy for steady state AC differs from that used for
magnetostatic analyses)

Post processing
Not always able to access all results quantities in Mechanical better to post
process in traditional ANSYS environment

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Mechanical supports only magnetostatic calculations; command objects


will be required to:

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S
Start
W
Workbench
kb
h

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Hold down LMB to


drag Geometry into the
Project Schematic

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The Project Page Loads

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Double Click on Geometry to


bring up Design Modeler GUI

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Choose
Meter

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Design Modeler GUI

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Import bus bar geometry


from busbars.stp

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Click
Cli
k generate
t to
t create
t
the geometry in DM

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From Tools, go to Enclosure.


Establish the settings shown in
Details View, ESPECIALLY Merge
Parts? to Yes!

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Click Generate to create the


enclosure

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From Tools, Click Freeze to enable


a slice operation

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LMB on enclosure,
then RMB to
produce drop-down

Hide the enclosure


to access faces
upon which slice
planes will be
created

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Create a plane on the busbar face


shown below, then click generate

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Reorient the model and create a


plane on the busbar face at the
opposite end, then click generate

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RMB

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Right click in the graphics are to


produce the drop-down and choose
Show
Show All Bodies
Bodies

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Create a Slice

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Choose Plane4 and Apply, then click


Generate. Repeat the process to create
another slice, but this time using Plane5.

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RMB

In Solids select mode,, click on


the slice at one end, use the
right mouse button to
produce the drop-down, and
choose Suppress Body

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LMB

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RMB

After reorienting
g the model,,
repeat the process to
suppress the slice at the
opposite end

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LMB

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Disk
becomes
highlighted
Rename to
cabinet
Open Part in the tree.
Rename the bodies
comprising the part
part. Name the
disk cabinet.
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Phase B
Ph
Phase
C
air

Rename to
phase a

Phase A
becomes
highlighted

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Phase A

Continue renaming the bodies as shown;


phase a, phase b, phase c, and
air. Save the project.
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On the Project Page, drag a


Magnetostatic Analysis
System onto Geometry

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Double click on Model

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When Mechanical GUI appears,


create a variable in the variable
manager named ansys 230x,
set its value to 1, and check the
active box.

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RMB

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Insert a Command Object


f phase
for
h
a.

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Use the right mouse button to


i
import
t (browse
(b
for)
f )
WB_cond_elem_type_236.txt

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RMB

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Repeat these operations for all


conducting regions (phase a,
phase b, phase c, cabinet).

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Return to the Project Page and open


Engineering Data. From General
M t i l d
Materials
data
t source, you can add
dd
Copper Alloy to the list of materials
to be included in Engineering Data
(the material properties that are
available in the model).

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Verify

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You can verify that Copper Alloy has


been added by choosing Engineering
D t and
Data
d iinspecting
ti
the
th its
it contents
t t
in the Outline Schematic. You should
now click Refresh Project at the top
of the Project Page to load the data
into Mechanical.

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Now that it has been added to


the list of available materials,,
you can change the material
property assignments of phases
a, b, and c to Copper Alloy.

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RMB

Create a named
selection called
i A assigned
i_A
i
d to
t
the face of the
phase A bus bar.
This is necessary;
this name will be
used in a
command object
we will insert later
that defines
excitation.

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Using the same procedure, assign additional


names ii_B
B and ii_C
C to the faces of the phase
B and phase C busbars

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RMB

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Reorient the model so that the cabinet end faces you.


Using CNTL-left
CNTL left mouse button
button, select all three busbar
ends and call them ground.

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RMB

Use select bodies to assign


names to the phase a busbar.
Name it phase a.

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Use select bodies to assign the


indicated names to other
bodies as shown

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We will now insert a command


object to define the harmonic
response analysis

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We will now insert a command


object to define the harmonic
response analysis

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Command object to define the harmonic response analysis,


electrical boundary conditions, and excitation.

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RMB

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Use face select and CNTL LMB to select all external surfaces, then
assign to them a magnetic flux parallel condition.

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For this class,


class we
will ensure relatively
large mesh size on
two outer surfaces
to reduce the
required solve time.

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Use face select and CNTL


LMB to select the 2 faces
shown and set their
element size to 0.1 m.

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From Analysis
y
Settings,
g
go to the Analysis Data
Management section of
Details and indicate that
you wish to save the
ANSYS db (database) file.

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Click Solve. Although the red lightning bolts in the Solution


branch of the tree indicate that Mechanical considers
something is not right with the results
results, the solution output
will indicate that the job has run without errors.

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Start the traditional ANSYS GUI

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Start the traditional ANSYS GUI

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Once the GUI loads, click RESUM_DB

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Use the Pan/Zoom/Rotate Dialogue to


produce an oblique view

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The Component Manger can be used to


conveniently select those regions of the model
defined as Named Components in Mechanical

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Use CNTL LMB to make


multiple selection, then plot

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The Component Manger can be used to


conveniently select those regions of the model
defined as Named Components in Mechanical

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Selecting the highlighted components suppresses


display of the rest of the model in post processing plots

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Reading in results sets. Set #1 is the real part of the


solution, set #2 is the imaginary part. Choose the real
part then Read
part,
Read, then Close

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Create a vector plot of the real part of the current density

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Vector plot of the real part of the current


density
y in all conducting
g bodies

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Compared to the current density in the busbars, that of the cabinet is


too small to be visible. Select only the cabinet and replot

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With only the cabinet selected, vector length and contour legend are
automatically rescaled to accommodate the new minimum and
maximum values

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Joule heat results are not immediately available after reading in the
results; they must be read in from the element table on the results file

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Joule heat results may then be contoured. These are time averaged
values (there are no real or imaginary parts of Joule heat).

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