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Name: Natalia Cocom and Lili Trujeque

Date: July 18, 2016

Student Handout 1B:


Biodiversity Worksheet

Sample Area 1:
Order
Description

Hymenoptera
Orthoptera

Odonata
Lepidoptera

Pi

Pi2

lnPi

5/63

0.079

0.006

-2.538

-0.200

12

12/63

0.190

0.036

-1.661

-0.316

8/63

0.127

0.016

-2.064

-0.262

9/63

0.143

0.020

-1.945

-0.278

17

17/63

0.27

0.073

-1.309

-0.353

(beetles

6/63

0.095

0.009

-2.354

-0.224

true bugs

6/63

0.095

0.009

-2.354

-0.224

Number
of
individual
s (n)
5

grasshopper
s, katydids,
and crickets
damselflies
and
dragonflies
butterflies,
moths, and
skippers)
flies

wasps, ants
and bees)

n/N

Pi ln Pi

Diptera
Coleoptera
Hemiptera
s (number of species) = 7
N (total number of individuals) = 63
(sum) of pi2 (n/N)2= 0.169
(sum) of pi ln pi= -1.857
H = -(-0.200 + -0.316 + -0.262 + -0.278 + -0.353+ -0.224 + -0.224) = 1.857
D = 1/ (0.006 + 0.036 + 0.016 + 0.020 + 0.073 + 0.009 + 0.009) = 1/0.169 = 5.92

Name: Natalia Cocom and Lili Trujeque


Date: July 18, 2016

Student Handout 1B:


Biodiversity Worksheet

Sample Area 2:
Order
Description

Hymenopter
a
Orthoptera

Odonata
Lepidoptera

wasps, ants
and bees)

Number
n/N
of
individual
s (n)
8
8/55

Pi

Pi2

lnPi

Pi ln Pi

0.145

0.021

-1.931

-0.279

grasshoppers,
katydids, and
crickets
damselflies
and
dragonflies
butterflies,
moths, and
skippers)
flies

10

10/55

0.182

0.033

-1.704

-0.310

13

13/55

0.236

0.056

-1.444

-0.341

12

12/55

0.218

0.048

-1.523

-0.332

3/55

0.055

0.003

-2.900

-0.16

(beetles

4/55

0.073

0.005

-2.617

-0.191

true bugs

5/55

0.09

0.008

-2.408

-0.217

Diptera
Coleoptera
Hemiptera

s (number of species) = 7
N (total number of individuals) = 55
(sum) of pi2 (n/N)2= 0.174
(sum) of pi ln pi= -1.830
H = -(-0.279 + -0.310+ -0.341 + -0.332 + -0.16 + -0.191 + -0.217) = 1.830
D = 1/ (0.021+ 0.033 + 0.056 + 0.048 + 0.003 + 0.005 +0.008) = 1/0.174 = 5.75

Questions to answer:
1) How does the biodiversity of the two areas compare?
The two areas have different total of individuals. In comparison Sample 1 have the largest
numbers for H and D so it is more diversed than Sample 2.

2) Was this what you expected? Why or why not?


Yes because Sample 1 has a higher total number of individuals than Sample 2.

3) Are there similarities in biodiversity between the two types of ecosystems?


Using the Sorensons Coefficient: 2*7/63+55 =0.12
This means that the closer the value is to 1 the more the communities have in common. In
these sample areas it is 0.12 so there is no overlap or similarity between them.

4) Was this what you expected? Why or why not?


Not really, because they both have the same species in common so I assumed they would be
similar.