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PAPER CODE: Law- 512

MAXIMUM MARKS: 30+70=100
OBJECTIVE: Criminal Law maintains law and order in the society and to protect the life and
liberty of people. Common men rely on this for protection against all injuries that human conduct
can inflict on individuals and institutions. Therefore, penal code cannot afford to be weak,
ambiguous and ineffective. Application of criminal law has to be uniform regardless of any
discrimination on grounds of class, caste, religion, sex or creed etc. of either criminal or victim.
Crime and Punishment has been the one of the most important task of rule of law of the State.
This course is designed with a prime object to familiarize students with the principles of criminal
liability and other concepts of substantive criminal law
This course is divided into two parts namely, Part-I focuses on General Principles of criminal
liability and Part-II deals with Specific Offences.
MODULE-I: Historical background and development of Penal Law in India
a) Early Hindu Law.
b) Muslim Law.
First law commission and the role of Lord Macaulay. Characteristics of the Indian Penal
code. Need for revision as seen in present scenario.
c) Crime: Nature and Definition
i. Criminal law and morality
ii. Crime and Offence
a) Essentials of offences
b) Stages of an offence
a) Principles of Penal Law
Retroactivity of criminal law
b)Concept of Mens Rea and Actus Reus
Meaning, Origin and Development.
Mens rea and intention.

Motive Knowledge.
iv. Intention, Recklessness and Negligence.
c) Mens Rea and Criminal Liability
General Principles of Liability.
Principles of mela in se, mela prohibita
Joint liability
iv. Vicarious liability
v. Strict liability
Absolute liability
d) Mens Rea vis--vis Socio-Welfare Offence and Socio-Economic Offences.
MODULE-IV: Inchoate Offences
Attempt to commit offences.
a) Jurisdiction of Indian Penal Code.
b) General Explanations of Indian Penal Code.
c) Punishment; Crime and punishment, necessity and objective of punishment
d) General Exceptions
e) Right to Private Defense
MODULE: I: Offences affecting to Human body
a) Offences against Human Life
Culpable Homicide
Causing death by negligence
iv. Abetment of suicide
v. Attempt to commit the above three offences
Being a Thug
Causing miscarriage
b) Offences against human body
Hurt (Simple and grievous
Wrongful Restraint and wrongful confinement
Criminal force & assault
iv. Kidnapping, Abduction, Slavery & forced labours
v. Unnatural offence
MODULE:II: Offences against Women

A. Crime Under Indian Penal Code, 1960.

a) Dowry Death
b) Cruelty against Women by Husband or relatives
c) Outraging modesty of a woman
d) Insulting the privacy of a woman
e) Rape
f) Prevention of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005.
MODULE- III: Offences against Marriage
a) Bigamy
b) Adultery
MODULE-IV: Offences against Reputation and Criminal Intimidation, Insult and
MODULE-V: Offences against Property
A. Offences dealing with deprivation of property
a) Theft (S. 378) along with its aggravated forms
b) Extortion
c) Robbery
d) Dacoity
e) Criminal Misappropriation of Property
f) Criminal Breach of Trust
g) Receiving stolen property
h) Cheating
i) Fraudulent deeds and Disposition of property
B. Offences dealing with Damage to Property
a) Mischief
b) Aggravated forms of mischief
a) Criminal Trespass
b) House Trespass
c) Lurking House Trespass ((Section 443-444, 453)
d) House breaking including aggravated forms of housing breaking
C. Offences relating to Documents and Property
a) Forgery
b) Marking a False document
c) Forged document
d) Falsification of accounts
e) Other offences relating to documents
MODULE-VI: Offences affecting public health, safety, convenience, decency and morals
a) Public Nuisance
b) Acts likely to spread infection

B. Offences affecting the public safety and Convenience

a) Rash Driving.
C. Public Decency and Morals
a) Prevention of obscenity
MODULE-VI: Offences against State, Public Peace and Tranquility & Religion
A. Offences against State

Waging war
Assaulting high officer
Suffering escape of, or harbouring a state prisoner or prisoner of war

B. Offences against Public Peace and Tranquility

a) Unlawful assembly
b) Rioting
c) Promoting enmity between classes
d) Knowingly carrying arms in any possession or taking part in any mass drill or mass
e) training with arms
f) Affray
C. Offences Relating to Religion
a) Injuring or Defiling place or Worship with intent to insult the religion of any class
b) Deliberate and Malicious acts intended to outrage religious feeling of any class or
c) insulting its religion or religious belief
d) Disturbing religious Assembly
e) Uttering Words etc with deliberate intact to wound the religious feelings of any.
MODULE-VII: Offences Relating to Public Servants
Giving and Fabricating False Evidence
1. Williams Glanville- The Text Book of Criminal Law
2. Jerom Hall Studies in Jurisprudence and Criminal Theory
3. Jw Cecil Turner (edt.) Kennys Outlines of Criminal Law
4. Jw Cecil Turner - Russel on Crime
5. Smith and Hogan Criminal Law
6. A.P. Simester & G.R. Sullivan Criminal Law Theory and Doctrine
7. R. C. Nigam Principles of Criminal Law
8. Prof. K.N. Chndranshekhar Pillai Essays on Indian Penal Code
9. R. C. Srivastava Law Relating to Crima Punishment


Andrew Ashworth Principles of Criminal Law

P.S. Pillai Criminal Law
Prof K.D Gaur - Criminal Law Cases and Material
Dr. Hari Singh Gaur Penal Law of India (4 volumes)
R. A Nelson Indian Penal Code
Prof. K.N. Chandranshekhar Pillai Essays on Indian Penal Code
Ratan Lal and Dhiraj Lal Indian Penal Code
Prof. Raghavan Indian Penal Code

1. Barendra Kumar Ghosh v. King Emperor AIR 1925 PC

2. Moti Singh v. State of U.P. AIR 1964 SC 900
3. Joginder Singh v. State of Punjab AIR 1979 SC 1876
4. Basdev v. Stat of Pepsu AIR 1956 SC 488
Objective: This paper is to deal with the basic principles of criminal law determining
criminal liability and punishment.
5. State of Gujrat v. Kousara Monilal AIR 1964 SC 1893
6. State of Maharasthra v. M H George AIR 1965 SC 722
7. Sarjoo Prasad v. State of U.P. AIR 1961 SCC 631
8. State of West Bengal v. Shew Mangal Singh AIR 1981 SC 1917
9. Sheo Narain v. State of rajasthan 199(2) Crimes 169 (Raj)
10. Delhi Judicial Service Association, Tis Hazari Court v. State of Gujrat AIR 1991 SC
11. M Naughtons Case (1843) 4St Tr (NS) 847
12. Paras Ram v. State of Punjab (1981) 2 SCC 508
13. Puran Singh v. State of Punjab AIR 1975 SC 1674
14. Wassan Singh v. State of Punjab 1996 Cr LJ 878 SC
15. Sukaroo Kabiraj v. Express 1877 ILR (14) Cal 566
16. Rupan Deol Bajaj v. KPS Gill AIR 1996 SC 309
17. Kanwar Singh v. Delhi Administration AIR 1965 SC 871
18. Jaidev v. State of Punjab AIR 1963 SC 612 (617)
19. Abyanand Misra v. State of Bihar AIR 1961 SC 1698
20. Sudhir Kumar Mukherjee v. State of W.B. AIR 1973 SC 2655
21. State of Maharashtra v. Mohd. Yahub
22. R v. shivpuri 1986 2 All El 334
23. Mahaboob Shah v. King Emperor AIR 1945 pc 118
24. B.N. Shreekantiah v. Mysore State AIR 1958 SC 672
25. Pandurang Tukia v. State of Hyberabad AIR 1955 SC 216
26. Shreekantiah Ramayya v. State of Bombay - AIR 1955 SC 287
27. Haradhan Chakrabarty v. Union of India AIR 1990 SC 1210
28. Bimbadhar Pradhan v. State of Orissa - AIR 1956 SC 469
29. Kehar Singh v. State (Delhi Administrator) AIR 1988 SC 1883
30. State of T. N v. Nalini AIR 1999 SC 2640
31. C.B.I. v. V.C. Shukla AIR 1998 SC 1406

32. Govindas Case (1876), Bom 342

33. State of A.P. v. R. Punnayya 1977 Cr LJ 1(SC)
34. K.M. Nanavati v. State of Moharashtra 1962 (Bom) LR 488 (SC) - AIR 1962 SC 605
35. Bachan Singh v. State of Punjab (1980) 2 SCC 684
36. Shashi Nayar v. Union of India 992 Cr LJ 514
37. Virsa Singh v. State of Punjab AIR 1958 SC 465
38. Harjinder Singh v. Delhi Administration AIR 1968 SC 867
39. Mahesh Balmiki v. State of M.P. 2000 (1) SCC 319
40. Tukaram v. State of Mahrashtra AIR 1979 SC 185
41. State of Punjab v. Gurmit Singh AIR 1996 SC 1393
42. Bodhisattwa Gautam v. Miss Subhra Chakrabarty AIR 1996 SC 922
43. Biswanath Mallick v. State of Orissa 1995 Cr LJ 1416 (ori)
44. State OF MADRASv. Vardarajan AIR 1965 SC 942
45. State of Haryana v. Raja Ram AIR 1973 SC 819
46. Vishwanath v. State of U.P. AIR 1960 SC 67
47. State of HP v. Nikku Ram 1995 Cri LJ 4184 (SC)
48. P. Rathinam v. Union of India AIR 1994 SC 1844
49. Gian Kaur v. State of Punjab AIR 1996 SC 946
50. State v. Lekhraj 2000 (1) SCC 247
51. Sikhar Behera v. State of Orissa 1993 Cr LJ 3664
52. Dhananjai v. State of U.P. AIR 1996 SC 556
53. Shanti v. State of Haryana
54. State of Kerela v. Mathai Verghese (1986) 4 SCC 746


PAPER CODE: Law- 510

MAXIMUM MARKS: 30+70=100

OBJECTIVE: This course on Labour and industrial law aims at delineating the aspect of
management of labour relations and dispute settlement bodies and techniques.
MODULE-1: Trade Union Act, 1923
a) Trade Unionism in India.
b) Definition of trade union and trade dispute.
c) Workers Right to form Union vis a vis Indian Constitution: the membership of
trade union, closed shop and Union shop.
d) Registration of Trade Union- Remedies in case of non-registration and cancellation
of registration of union.
e) Privileges and protection of registered trade union from certain Acts and Omissions.
f) Unfair labour practices and victimization.
MODULE-II: Collective Bargaining
a) Concept and importance of Collective Bargaining.
b) Pre-requisite for Collective Bargaining.
c) Process of administering Collective Agreement (Negotiation, Mediation &
Voluntary Arbitration & Compulsory Arbitration).
d) Duration and Enforcement of Bipartite Agreement (Secs. 18, 19, Industrial
Dispute Act, 1947).
e) Pressurization: Strike, Go-slow, Work-to-Rule, Gherao and Lock-out.
MODULE-III: Standing Orders.
a) Concept, Nature and Scope of Standing Orders under Industrial Employment
(Standing Order) Act, 1946.
b) Formulation of Standing Orders and its Certification Process.
c) Modification and Temporary application of model Standing Orders.
d) Interpretation and enforcement of Standing Orders.
e) Penalties and procedure.
MODULE-IV: Regulations of Industrial Disputes: The Industial Disputes Act, 1947
a) Definition of the concept of the Industry, Industrial Dispute and Workman.
b) Arena of interaction and participants- Industry, Workman and Employer.
c) Power of Government to refer Industrial Disputes for Adjudication.
i. The adjudicatory machinery.
ii. Award and its binding nature.
iii. Judicial review of awards.

d) Concept of Lay-Off, Retrenchment, Procedure and Compensation relating to lay-off

and retrenchment.
MODULE-V: Discipline in Industry.
a) Doctrine of Hire and Fire vis a vis Social Welfare- Fairness in Disciplinary Process.
b) Right to know: the chargesheet.
c) Right to Defend: Domestic enquiry notice, evidence, cross-examination, unbiased
enquiry officer and reasoned decision.
d) Punishment of misconduct.
e) Managements prerogative during the pendency of proceedings.
f) Notice of Change.
1. Law of Industrial Disputes--- O.P. Malhotra.
2. Report of National Commission on Labour, 1969--- Indian Law Institute.
3. Law of Trade Union--- R.B. Sethi & R.N. Dwivedi.
5. Commentary on Industrial Employment (S.C) Act, 1946.
6. Industrial Relations and Labour Law--- S.C. Srivastava.
7. Statutory Material- Trade Union Act, 1926; Industrial Employment (Standing Orders)
Act, 1946 and Industrial Dispute Act, 1947.


PAPER CODE: Law- 502
MAXIMUM MARKS: 30+70=100


OBJECTIVE OF THE COURSE: Concept of law is central to the legal enterprise. In the
absence of a comprehensive understanding of this concept neither legal education nor legal
practice can be set towards attaining justice in the society. Pedagogy is merely teaching of rules
without the knowledge of cognitive and teleological foundations of the discipline and it would
not be possible to present a synchronization of various statutes, cases, procedures, practices and
customs in the form of a systematic body of knowledge nor it would be possible to show the
interconnectivity among various branches of law.
A course in Jurisprudence should primarily induct students into a world of questions concerning
law so as to enable the student to toy with their complexity and perplexity and is driven to seek
answers for himself such as questioning- Who says what to whom under what circumstances
and for what purpose which shall in turn unfold mysteries of law before them.
MODULE-I: Introduction
a) Meaning of Jurisprudence/Legal Theory, Nature, Need and Scope.
b) Linkages between Jurisprudence and other sciencesa. Law and Justice.
b. Law and Morality.
c) Nature and definition of Law.
d) Definition of State.
e) Elements of State.
MODULE-II: Schools of Jurisprudence
a) Analytical Positivism, Pure Theory.
[Limits on legislative authority: There are no limits (Positivism)]
These theories comprise of
i. Command Theory of Law: Utilitarianism (John Austin).
ii. Normative Theory of Law: Pure Theory (Hans Kelsen).
Rule theory of Law: Law as system of rules- combination of primary and
secondary rules ( H.L.A Hart).
b) Natural Law
a. Divine and prophetic theories of law e.g. Hebrew Law, Law of Manu and the
Islamic Law.
b. Natural Law theories: An Overview
i. Natural Law as Virtue (dharma)--- Hindu.
ii. Natural Law as justice by nature--- Aristotle.
iii. Natural Law as Right reason--- Cicero.
iv. Natural Law as Law of God--- St. Thomas Aquinas.
v. Natural Law as inner morality of law--- Fuller

c) Historical Jurisprudence: Historical theories arose out of revolt against Rationalism

and the power of human will and tradition:
d) Sociological Jurisprudence:
a. Sociological Theory: Functions of law- Law as a means of social control.
Jurisprudence of Interests- Roscoe Pound
b. Realist Movement.
e) Indian Jurisprudence:
a. Classical Approach.
b. Medieval Approach.
c. Modern Trends.

MODULE-III: Sources of Law

a) Ancient: Customs etc.
b) Modern: Precedents and Legislation.
MODULES-IV: Concepts of Law.
a) Rights and Duties: Theories and Classification
b) Legal Personality
c) Possession, Ownership and Property
MODULE-V: Principles of Liability
a) Liability and Negligence.
b) Absolute Liability.
c) Immunity.

1. Legal Theory--- W. Friedmann.
2. Salmand on Jurisprudence--- Fitzgerald (ed.).
3. Jurisprudence--- Dias R.W.N
4. The Concept of Law--- H.L.A. Hart.
5. Introduction to the Philosophy of Law--- Roscoe Pound.

6. Jurisprudence: A Study of Indian Legal System--- S.N. Dhyani.

7. Jurisprudence: Paton G.W.
8. Jurisprudence and Legal Theory--- V.D. Mahajan.
9. B.N. Maini Tripathi--- Legal Theory.
10. N.V. Paranjape: Legal Theory.


PAPER CODE: Law- 504
MAXIMUM MARKS: 30+70=100

OBJECTIVE: Constitution of India is the highest norm of public law. It embodies the main
principles of the Democratic Government. Understanding of the Constitution and law is
imperative for law students such as how it came into being, what are its powers, functions,
responsibilities, obligations and how power is limited and distributed. Therefore a deep
understanding of the Constitution of India which developed through constitutional amendments,
judicial decisions, constitutional practice and conventions is essential for law students. Students
should know the evolution of the Constitution of India, philosophy of federalism especially
Centre- State relations, Constitutional process of adoption and alteration and services under the
Constitution. Constitutional law highlights its never ending growth in above mentioned areas.
Students are also expected to know the myriad interpretations of Constitution and why a
particular interpretation was adopted by the Supreme Court. A critical analysis is of prime
importance for the study of the Constitution
MODULE-I: The Constitution
a) Sources of Constitution.
b) Salient features of Indian Constitution.
c) Rule of Law: State of UP vs. Ram Sajivan, 2010 SC. AIR 1738.
d) Separation of Power.
MODULE-II: Distribution of Powers between Centre and State
a) Legislative Powers.
b) Administrative Powers.
c) Financial Powers.
d) Relevant Doctrines:
i. Territorial Nexus.
ii. Harmonious Construction.
iii. Pith and Substance.
iv. Repugnancy.
MODULE-III: Constitutional Organs
a) Parliament.
b) Parliamentary Sovereignty.
c) Parliamentary Privileges.
d) Anti-Defection Law.
e) Executive Power.
f) Collective Responsibility of Cabinet.
g) Judiciary- Jurisdiction of Supreme Court and High Court.
h) Independence of Judiciary.
i) Public Interest Litigation.
j) Power of Judicial Review.
MODULE-IV: Emergency Provisions ( Arts: 352-360). Need for such a provision. Types of
emergencies. Effect of emergency on Centre-State relationship; Centres power over the State;
Emergency and suspension of Fundamental Rights. Methods of Constitutional Amendment;
Limitations upon Constitutional Amendment (Shankari Prasad, Sajjan Singh); why should

fundamental rights be immune from the process of Constitutional Amendment (Golak Nath).
Basic Structure, doctrine as a limitation (Keshvananda Bharti and its aftermath).
MODULE-V: Services under the Constitution: Doctrine of Pleasure (Art.- 310). Protection
against arbitrary dismissal, removal. Reduction in rank (Art-311) including its exceptions.

Constitution of India--- V.N. Shukla.

Indian Constitutional Law--- M.P. Jain.
Constitutional and Administrative Law--- Nutshells.
Constitutional Law of India Vol. 1-3 (1986)--- M. Hidayatullah Ed.
Constitutional Law of India--- M.V. Pylee.
Shorter Constitution of India--- D.D. Basu.
Constitutional Law of India--- H.M. Seeravai.
Constitution of India--- J.N. Pandey.
Constitution of India--- P.M. Buxi


1. R.K. Dalmia v. Justice Tendulkar AIR 1958 S.C. 538
2. In Re Article 143, Constitutional of India AIR 1951 S.C. 332
3. Ram Jawaya Kapur v. State of Punjab AIR 1955 S.C. 549
4. Indira Gandhi v. Raj Narain AIR 1975 S.C. 2299
5. Scora v. U.O.I. 1993 (4) S.C.C. 441
6. State of H.P. v. Umed Ram Sharma AIR 1986 S.C. 847
7. S.R. Bommai v. Union of India, 1994(3) S.C.C. 1
8. A.D.M. Jabalpur v. Shivakant Shukla, 1976 Suppl. S.C.R. 172, AIR 1976 SC 1207
9. India Cements Ltd & Anr v. State of Tamil Nadu, 1990 (1) S.C.C. 12
10. A.P. Sampoorna Madhya Nished Samithi & Ors. v. State of A.P., AIR 1997 A.P. 312
11. U.N. Rao v. Indira Gandhi, AIR 1971 S.C. 1002
12. Keshavanad Bharati v. State of Kerala, 1976(2) S.C.R. 347, 523
13. National Human Rights Commission v. State of Arunachal Pradesh, AIR 1996 S.C. 1234
14. Minerva Mills v. Union of India AIR 1980 S.C. 1804
15. Samta Vedike v. State of Karnataka 2003 CR.L.J. 1003 Kar N.C.
16. Tikaramji v. State of U.P. AIR 1968 S.C. 1286
17. Calcutta Gas Co. v. State of W.B. AIR 1962 S.C. 1044
18. Gujarat University v. Sri Krishna AIR 1963 SC 702
19. DAV College v. State of Punjab AIR 1971 SC 1737
20. Prafulla Kumar v. Pramil of Commerce AIR 1947 P.C. 60
21. State of Rajasthan v. G.Chawla AIR 1959 SC 544
22. Union of India & Ors. V. Shah Govardhan Lal Kabra 2000 (7) Scale 435
23. Zayerbhai v. State of Bombay AIR 1954 SC 752

24. Union of India v. V.H.S. Dhillon AIR 1972 SC 1061

25. Jayanti Lal Amrit Lal Rana v. F.N. Rana AIR 1964 S.C. 648
26. State of Haryana v. Ram Kishan AIR 1988 SC 1301
27. K. Nagraj v. State of A.P. 1985 (1) SCC 527
28. K.T. Plantantion v. State of Karnataka, AIR 2002 (Oct) Kar 365
29. Gunupati v. Nafisul Hasan AIR 1954 SC 636
30. Pandit MSM Sharma v. Sri Krishna Sinha AIR 1959 SC 395
31. In powers, privileges and Immunities of State Legislature Re: AIR 1965 SC 745
32. P.V. Narsimha Rao v. State 1998 (94) SCC 626
33. Tej Kiran v. Sanjiva Reddy AIR 1970 SC 1573
34. Roop Ashok Hurrah v. Ashok Hurrah 2002 (3) SCC 406
35. Tirupathi Balaji Developers (P) Ltd. v. State of Bihar AIR 2004 SC 2351
36. A.K. Roy V. UOI 1982 (2) SCR 272
37. State of Maharashtra v. A. Lakshmirutty AIR 1987 SC 331
38. Kihoto Hollohah v. Zachillu 1992 Suppl (2) SCC 651
39. Ravi Naik v. UOI AIR 1994 SC 1558
40. G. Vishwanathan v. Speaker T.N. Assembly 1996 (2) SCC 353
41. M. Kashinath Jalmi v. Speasker Legislative Assembly Goa 1993 (2) SCC 703
42. D.C. Wadhwa v. State of Bihar 1987 (1) SCC 379
43. Krishan Kumar v. State of Bihar 1998 (5) SCC 643
44. Makhan Singh v. State of Punjab AIR 1964 SC 381
45. Anwar Ali Sarkars case- 1952.