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DIVINAGRACIA, Janella Maree A.

2014121526 AR-2 SS10 A4


Writing Task 1

Advantages and Disadvantages of Presidential and Parliamentary Government

Presidential Government Advantages:


1. National Head of State
2. Clear demarcation between Executive and Legislative branch
3. Allowing for more effective set of checks-and-balances to be placed on both
branches.
4. Executive branch have clear power to hierarchy
5. President is free to make major policy decisions without public support.
Presidential Government Disadvantages:
1.
2.
3.
4.

May fall to authoritarianism.


Runs risks of vesting all the authority
Could lead President to tyranny
Separation of Powers indicates limited level of accountability.
5. Could end up making both Executive and Legislature branch blame each other.
Advantages of Parliamentary Government:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Faster and easier to pass legislation


Attractive features for nations that are ethnically,racially, or ideologically divided.
Power is evenly spread out in the power structure.
Prime Minister has higher focus on voting for a party and its political ideas.
Less prone to authorization collapse.

Disadvantages of Parliamentary systems:


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

In most cases the head of the Government is not directly elected.


Can place too much power in the Executive entity.
System may be bicameral.
Can sometimes be unstable.
No independent body to oppose and veto legislation passed by the parliament.
6. Lack of inherent Separation of Powers.