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NASCC 2009- CSD Track

Design of an Industrial Crane


Building Session 5
CSD Presenter:
Jim Fisher

Design of an
Industrial Crane Building
Session 5
Roof and Wall Design
Standing Seam Roof Considerations
Joist Design
Gravity
Uplift
Ponding

Girt Design (Endwalls and Sidewalls)


Rake Beam Design

Wind Column Design


OMF Lateral Bracing Design
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Review of Design Criteria

Project Description

50 ton, top running crane, Class D


Quantity: 1 per aisle
Hook height: 45 ft
Roof type: Standing Seam on Joists
Wall type: R- panel with continuous Zs
Automatic Sprinkler System
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Project Location

City: Sparks
State: Nevada
County: Washoe
Latitude:39.53
Longitude: -119.74

Codes and Standards


Building Code: IBC 2006
Minimum Design Loads For Buildings And Other
Structures (ASCE 7-05)
Building Department Contact: John Smith
Date: July 6, 2008
Local Ordinances: None
Wind Speed: 90 mph
Wind Exposure: C

Local Code Requirements


Ground Snow Load: 15 psf
Frost Depth: 24 in.
Seismic Spectral Acceleration:
Ss = 1.476%g
S1 = 0.562%g

Loads
ROOF DEAD LOAD

Roofing (SSR)
Insulation
Roof Bracing
Joists
Joist Girders
Columns
MEP Allowance
Miscellaneous
Total

WALL DEAD LOAD


(Includes Girts)

2.0 psf
1.0 psf
1.0 psf
3.0 psf
3.0 psf
6.0 psf
3.0 psf
4.0 psf
23.0 psf
3.0 psf
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Loads
ROOF LIVE LOADS
20.0 psf (reduceable)

SNOW LOADS

Ground Snow Load (Pg): 15.0 psf


Importance Factor, I = 1.0
Terrain Factor: C
Thermal Factor, Ct: 1.0
Exposure Factor, Ce, partially exposed: 1.0
Flat Roof Snow Load: Pf = 0.7(Pg)(I)(Ce) = 10.5 psf <
20 psf, Use 20 psf
Building Category: II
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Loads
SEISMIC LOADS

Spectral Acceleration, Ss:


Spectral Acceleration, S1:
Occupancy Category:
Site Class:
Soil shear wave velocity, vs
Standard penetration resistance, N
Soil undrained shear strength, su

1.476%g
0.562%g
II
D
800 ft/sec
15 blows
1500 psf

Importance Factor, I:

1.0

Seismic Design Category:

TBD
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Completed Design

OMF
Crane beams
Roof bracing
Sidewall bracing
Endwall bracing
Crane bracing
Various connections
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Final OMF Design


W36X231

W24X146
W14X99

W30X99

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Roof Bracing

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Roof and Wall Design


Standing Seam Roofs
Spans
Slope
Diaphragm
Anchorage
Snow drift areas

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Standing Seam Roofs


Advantages
The system is flexible and can accommodate the
building movements associated with the overhead
crane.
The roof can accommodate thermal movements
without slotting the roofing at screw locations. This is
particularly important when placing a metal roof on
open web steel joists. Joist seats are stiff laterally,
unlike cold-formed C or Z purlins, and do not roll as
the roof attempts to expand and contract due to
thermal loading.
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Standing Seam Roofs


Disadvantages
First cost is greater than conventional roofs.
Limited diaphragm strength and stiffness.
Diaphragm strength cannot be relied upon to
transfer horizontal roof forces to the vertical
load resisting system. Other horizontal
bracing systems must be used.

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Standing Seam Roofs

Spans: 5 ft
Slope: in./ft minimum
Diaphragm: Limited
Anchorage: One end
Snow drift areas: Add
secondary members

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Joist Design

Gravity Loads
Wind Uplift
Ponding
Bridging
Strut Loads
Seat Depths

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Girt Design
Cold-Formed Girts
Pressure and Suction
Maximum spans
Simple vs continuous span
Sag rods
OSHA requirements

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Reference Material

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Girt Design
Pressure and Suction Loads from IBC
For pressure, the girts are laterally braced by the
paneling. Mn = SeFy
= 0.9, = 1.67
For suction, the strength of the girts is
established using R values from the AISI
Specification. Mn = RSeFy
= 0.9, = 1.67
Sag rods are often used when the span exceeds
30 ft.
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Girt Design- AISI Specification

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Girt Design- AISI Specification

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Girt Design- AISI Specification

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Girt Design- AISI Specification

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Calculations

Joists
Girts
Rake Beams
Wind Columns

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See Calculations Pages 5-1 thru 5-12

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Bracing of Sidewall Columns


AISC 2005 Specification Appendix 6
Stability Bracing for Columns and Beams
No Beam columns
Nodal v. Relative Bracing
Beam Bracing
Nodal
Relative
Torsional

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Relative Brace
A relative column brace system
(such as diagonal bracing or shear
walls) is attached to two locations
along the length of the column that
defines the unbraced length. The
relative brace system shown
consists of the diagonal and the
strut that controls the movement at
one end of the unbraced length, A,
with respect to the other end of the
unbraced length, B.
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Relative Brace

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Nodal Brace
A nodal brace controls the
movement only at the particular
brace point, without direct
interaction with adjacent braced
points. The two nodal column
braces at C and D that are
attached to the rigid abutment
define the unbraced length for
which K=1.0 can be used.
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Joist Girder Bracing


Typical girder bracing
for stability and wind
uplift

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Joist Girder Bracing


Typical girder bracing at plastic hinge locations

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See Calculations Pages 5-13 thru 5-16

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End of Session 5

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