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Dynamic behaviour of buried pipelines under seismic condition - Finite

element approach
Sahoo, S*., Research Scholar, IIT Delhi, s.sahoo.iitd@gmail.com
Biswas, S., Research Scholar, IIT Delhi, sanjit.jal@gmail.com
Manna, B., Assistant Professor, IIT Delhi, bmanna@civil.iitd.ac.in
Sharma, K. G., Professor, IIT Delhi, kgsharma@civil.iitd.ac.in
In this present study the seismic response of single and double buried pipelines are
investigated by finite element approach. Two dimensional plane strain finite element models
are developed to examine the pipe stress and the deformation behaviour of the soil around
pipeline. Different depth and spacing of pipes are considered in the FE analysis and the
effects of these parameters on seismic response of buried pipelines are reported. The
earthquake intensity is considered as per the Zone IV (PGA of 0.24 g) of seismic zone map
of INDIA. The water table is considered at the ground level. Internal pipe pressure due to the
flow of water is considered as 0.25 kg/cm2 in the FE analysis. The Mohr-Coulomb soil model
is considered to model the soil. The linear- elastic model is used to model the steel pipelines.
The soil mass is discretized as 8-noded quadrilateral elements. From the FE analysis it is
found that the displacement of soil and the stress values of steel pipes are decreased as the
spacing between two pipelines are increased. After a limiting value of pipe spacing for
double pipelines, the displacement of soil and pipe stresses are found close to the results of
the single pipeline. No significant effect of pipe depth is found on the seismic response of
pipelines. A small increase in pipe stress is observed with increase in pipe depth due to the
overburden pressure of soils and the deformation of the soils around pipeline is found very
less with the variation of pipe depth.