Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 25

# Computer simulation of HV circuit breaker

interruption
>> HV CB Simulation <<
by
EnergoBos ILJIN d.o.o. Sarajevo
Bosnia and Herzegovina
www.energobos.com

Contents

Introduction

Modules

Input data

## Gas flow - universal model

Automatic calculations

Help files

## Prediction of thermal breakdown

Conclusion

2
EnergoBos ILJIN d.o.o. Sarajevo

Introduction

Computer simulation is a an economic way in research and development of modern SF6 circuit breakers.

Work on computer simulations started on early 80 used first available PCs and simple Basic programming language.

With limited number of short circuit tests and results of those tests, program can help us with:

prediction of interruptions for other arcing times and other values of short circuit currents,

nozzle ablation,

contact erosion,

## HV CB Simulation has more then 220 output results.

Program can not predict result of interruption in advance, but program results combined with other calculations can
help us in this.

3
EnergoBos ILJIN d.o.o. Sarajevo

## Main application diagram

4
EnergoBos ILJIN d.o.o. Sarajevo

## The main mask of HV CB Simulation

The program consists the following modules:
New-Open-Save-Exit module,
Interrupter unit,
Driving mechanism-Travel,
Gas SF6,
Electrical current,
Data analysis,
Calculation-Automatic calculation,
Vbd- Breakdown voltage estimation
EB measurement system control
KEMA oscillogram viewer
Help.

## HV CB Simulation Version 3.1.0.

EnergoBos ILJIN d.o.o. Sarajevo

Modules

New Open Save Exit module (clear open - save all input data about circuit breaker and close program)

Interrupter unit (interrupter unit geometry, nozzle ablation, contact erosion, heating and cooling of interrupter unit
chambers)

Driving mechanism Travel (coordinates, lengths, angles, masses and moments of inertia of mechanical parts,
kinematic calculations, compression force calculation, data about spring(s), calculation of opening, single or three
phase operated, using experimental travel instead mechanism simulation, model of shock absorber, double speed
model)

Gas SF6 (equations of state, thermodynamic characteristics of SF6 gas, gas flow process, calculation of state of SF6
gas in all interrupter chambers)

Electrical current (analytical presentation of single or three phase short circuit currents, model of synthetic circuit:
serial and parallel with current injection, data from experiment used as input data in calculation)

Data Analysis (graphical representation of program results and experimental results, open & save results, comparison
between calculated i measured results)

## Calculation Automatic calculation (more then 220 simulation results)

Vbd (breakdown voltage estimation, visualization of dielectric stresses inside a circuit breaker nozzle)

Measure Travel measurement system and control is being used to control the measurement process including the
tripping of the test object's opening and closing coils, measurement data acquisition from several linear and rotary
encoders, digital processing, filtering and fitting of raw measurement data, as well as determining of the corresponding
velocity and acceleration curves for every travel record.

KEMA Osc - KEMA Oscillogram viewer allows the user to import experimental data from KEMA type tests.

## Help Help files.

6
EnergoBos ILJIN d.o.o. Sarajevo

## Nozzle and arcing contact

geometry - input data

7

V8

V15

V10

V9

V3

V16

## Gas flow universal model

Easy scheme drawing for any type of SF6 interrupter
Calculation of state of SF6 gas (pressure, temperature, density...) in all interrupter chambers
Calculation of gas flow for every SF6 interrupter with a known geometry configuration

Chamber data

Valve
Nozzle
Variable
Constant.

## Connection data Type Variable

9
EnergoBos ILJIN d.o.o. Sarajevo

## Input data driving mechanism

Absorber input data

## Mechanism input data

10
Mechanism geometry input data

## Input data electrical current

Electrical current

## The arc model

The arc model - simple integral arc model: modified Frost Liebermans enthalpy flow arc model, system of equations,
thermodynamic characteristics of SF6 plasma, arc voltage and arc diameter, input of data from experiments.

11
EnergoBos ILJIN d.o.o. Sarajevo

Automatic calculations

## The program module for Automatic

calculation
of
opening
operations
provides multiple calculations where one
input parameter varies in a defined range
with predefined number of steps.

## The program module for Test duty

calculation offers the possibility of
automatic calculation of test duty
operations or calculation of sequence of
operation tests during one shift in the
laboratory.

12
EnergoBos ILJIN d.o.o. Sarajevo

## HV CB Simulation results combined with other calculations (CFD, Electrical field

calculation...) - Breakdown voltage estimation procedure
HV CB Simulation

HV CB Simulation results
as initial conditions for
CFD (p0, T0, 0)

Circuit
breaker
design

CFD

## CFD Results (p, T, )

Breakdown voltage
Ubd=f(E, )

Uapplied > U bd
Electric field
calculation
13

YES

BREAKDOWN

NO

NO
BREAKDOWN
Next project
phase
EnergoBos ILJIN d.o.o. Sarajevo

CFD
E field

## Breakdown voltage in time:

14
EnergoBos ILJIN d.o.o. Sarajevo

## The travel measurement system and control module implemented in HV CB Simulation

This form is used to prepare, initialize, activate and to control EBs travel
measurement system and the test object.

parameters are being calculated and displayed for each travel record.

15
EnergoBos ILJIN d.o.o. Sarajevo

## KEMA oscillogram viewer

The form KEMA Oscillogram viewer allows the user to import experimental data from KEMA type tests in three different
frequency ranges (low, middle and high).
After selecting one of these frequency ranges, available oscillograms in the chosen range are automatically detected in
the folder KEMA and are ready to be imported. This can be done by selecting the name from the Osc. number dropdown
combo box.
The next step is to add channels from the chosen oscillogram that will be displayed on the Analysis form: Mode 4: KEMA
type-testing results.

16
EnergoBos ILJIN d.o.o. Sarajevo

## HV CB Simulation User Manual, Technical Manual and Input Data Description

17
EnergoBos ILJIN d.o.o. Sarajevo

Results

## List of output diagrams:

013 - Arc voltage [V]
014 - Arc energy [J]
015 - Minimal flow cross-section
in main nozzle [mm2]
056 - Total nozzle ablation mass
in segment 1 [g]
108 - Temperature of SF6 gas in
heating chamber [K]
114 - Pressure of SF6 gas in
heating chamber [Pa]

18
EnergoBos ILJIN d.o.o. Sarajevo

## Comparison (on load three phase 40 kA)

between experimental and calculated travel and speed
(puffer type)

## Comparison (no load) between experimental and

calculated travel and speed (puffer type)

19
EnergoBos ILJIN d.o.o. Sarajevo

## Results & verification

Comparison between experimental and calculated pressure
(peak value) in thermal chamber

Breaking
current,
rms [kA]

Test No:

1.
2.
3.
4.

31.9
31.9
32.3
35.5

## Pressure rise in thermal chamber, L90 test No 4,

experiment versus calculation

## GCB 245 kV 40 kA, SLF tests

Max
Max
Arc
pressure
pressure
duration
Experiment Calculation
[ms]
[MPa]
[MPa]
11.6
3.952
11.6
3.89
3.888
10.6
3.98
3.694
10.4
4.06
4.090

## Total mass loss [g]

Mass loss of stationary and
moving contact [g]

Calculation

Calculation

contact [mm]
Calculation

Measured

Measured

20

## Comparison between experimental and calculated mass loss of

contacts and decreasing length of stationary contact

Measured

## Results & verification

Main nozzle cross section, calculation
and experiment, T100s phase C

## Calculated (vertical) and measured (horizontal) increase in main

nozzle throat diameter

## Calculated (vertical) and measured (horizontal)

mass loss of main nozzle

## Calculated (vertical) and measured (horizontal) increase in

auxiliary nozzle throat diameter

21
EnergoBos ILJIN d.o.o. Sarajevo

## Program results combined with other calculations

Prediction of thermal breakdown
Model verification
1. Computer simulation

2. Calculation of parameters

## 3. Composite black box

model

P1, t1
P2. t2
P3, t3

P, l, Mg
Characteristic
quantities

Parameters
black box
model

4. MatLAB simulation

## 5. Results of MatLAB simulation

and CZ measurement

22

Source: Correlation of Black Box and Integral Physical Arc Model Parameters for a Real SF6 Circuit-Breaker,
Doctoral disertation, Almir Ahmethodi, Faculty of electrical engeering Sarajevo

## Program results combined with other calculations

Prediction of thermal breakdown - puffer
Quantitatively :The accuracy of prediction of success of the interruption
18
2

90

## Correct prediction in 18 out of 20 cases

23

Source: Correlation of Black Box and Integral Physical Arc Model Parameters for a Real SF6 Circuit-Breaker,
Doctoral disertation, Almir Ahmethodi, Faculty of electrical engeering Sarajevo

## Program results combined with other calculations

Prediction of thermal breakdown self blast

No:
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

Pol
A
A
A
A
C
C
C
C
C
C
C

## Test No. Struja [kA] t luka [ms] Ispitivanje/Simulacija

36.1
13.8
4021
R*
36
14.9
4022
R/I**
36.4
16.6
4029
I/I
35.8
25.3
4033
R/I
4003
36.2
15.2
I/I
4004
35.8
14.2
I/I
4005
36
23.1
I/I
4006
36
18.6
I/I
4008
36
18.4
I/I
4012
36
27.6
I/R
4013
36
18.2
R/R

8
2
24

80
EnergoBos ILJIN d.o.o. Sarajevo

Conclusion

General lack of knowledge and experts for arc modeling and the simulation of high voltage SF6 circuit breakers is

A team for arc modeling and the simulation of high voltage SF6 circuit breakers consisting of some dozen experts is
very expensive for any company in the world.

The idea is to organize a team which will continuously work on arc modeling and the simulation of high voltage SF6
circuit breakers with the support of several companies interested in the project.

The Team will treat fairly all companies and we do commit ourselves to the highest ethical and professional codes.

Our goal is a universal software to provide calculations and simulations of high voltage circuit breaker interruption for
different companies in the world,

## All we need is:

kinematic chain data (coordinates, angles, lengths, masses and moments of inertia),
spring and absorber characteristics,
volumes of interrupter unit chambers and cross sections between them,
nozzle and arcing contact geometry ...
25
EnergoBos ILJIN d.o.o. Sarajevo