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1

>+&... +#+&!
V @ deTdL |]cseTT <T

neT\yTq eTq J$ qyT q \ eTT+~.


\ CsTTr #~ +#+&
k|\+ b+<>\sT.

` djT < eTTVTsY sV eH


d\dt

|<eT eTT<D
|T\T
y\

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: 4000
: . sXKsY
: `10/`

|T\
bH H+.
yTsTT

: djT< eTTVTsY sVeH


: 94900 56445
: sm.rahaman78@gmail.com

DTP

eTq$ : |jT k<s k<eTDTs, eTT+<T |\qT


C>> #<y\, $wj u> ns+
#dT y\, sT |d sT \ L&
|+|{\ +d T H qT.
4

eTT+<Te....
HqT nqTq~ k~+# b j.....
n+<T #bTHqT.
|eT $|\ eTsTT..... $<] \eqsD+.
H #e ........ mes u<T \T sT.
nqTeq+ sD+> usqT Ve].....
V #dTq.... k|tysY <.
+& eT+<*+#&.... fH $<] V.
es y~+ |\T . ..... +&T >]D V.

u~T \ +<T e\ e :
yTeTT+&> e _& q bD H rdT+{&
mq& nqT<T .
H >H= _&. .. H +>s+.... #bj&+f,
HqT TbTHqT.
H _& |]y&T <T.
H $<+ > <V+ #jT &T.
5

nj! H b&T >qT, @< n |+ nq


e\ + |< yXy H . ...!
e _& q |&T yTeTT + me] d+ *?
ne\ m+eT+~ mH c\ eT J$
>&T|THsT. +& L& <T. M&T... M&
#dT+f m+ |+ ek+~. M neHq\qT
m+> u< |{&T M&T. + #d nesTT d+.
\&*q * V<jT+ : bdTes+ (Xe|)
s q _&qT e+d| eTT<> #d, bd
esT |{ #sT. * e+d| eTT<| |&
q >T+&\T | @&+~, dV sTT+~. yT
q _& d+ mH c\T |&+ ~, qeek\T yd+~.
| ]{ H =| \T u ] ++~. q _& m< T > T T +f
eTT]dbsTT+~. q _& >T]+ mH \\T q~.
q _& #=#&T n nqTq sTDeTT yT \
#~]+~. yT V<jT + { #| u $T MT< |&
@ $<+ > =T +T+< $<+ > =T +~. q
_& kqeTT qT #bsTTH u>T+&< n nqT+~.
6

|>T +#T= |{q _& +<e TT +#T= y[bj&


n y |{+ ~. yT @$T #| z<s *jT,
yT us ds+ b>=Tq |sT& n #d
+&bj&T. (*<+&T\T y] keT, y]q
ne>Vq eT]jTT |]dT\ |s+ eT _&\qT
|+#TsT. y] + w+ *+#&+ dT <T,
eTV b|+.)
|sp Te+{ ys\ T mH eTq+ $+H
+{eTT. nsTT n<TyTq eT]jTT $X\yTq
||+#eTT eTq+ deTd\qT m<Ts=q|&T, nd\T
@ $< + > +#, mTe+{ s j \qT
rdTy ne>Vq +f, n> eTq J$+ m+
neT\yTq < eTq *d, n+ *yq JesjT q
eTw mq{ V #dT&T.

djT< eTTVTsY sVeH


MBA, M.Phil., M.A. (Psychology)

14 | e] 2016
7

m+ $X\+! : (eTq #T q $XeTT u $T


bqT> +f, eTq <>sZ > q X+
dTs y T q | > +~. XeTT q \T Bb\
e~]> eTTksTT HsTT. u> XdE\T
#TTqT> u$T <=]b+& +&+<T |s\T
yT\ e~]> b|& HsTT. ds#+<T\T,
>V\T yTT<\>Tq$ y{ jTT \
*j&T HsTT. eTq ks eed qTe+{
dsT&T, #+<T&T, >V\ +{$ $XeTT
q d+K HjT XdE
\ T qT>=HsT.
m+{ $X\yTq eT+&, eTq #T q
||+#+!)
I

m+ n<T+ ! : (eTq #T y|+ q $XeTT


d+ u\T +&H X+, u $T, s n+] >V \T
dw+#&, y{ \ *j&TTHsTT.
s sTT+e L& jT+D qsTT HsTT.
#+<T |Te&eTT dsT seTT <T. |>{
$T+beeTT s e\ <T. & XeTT qT+&
8

eseTT ]d eTu $T qT+& ds JesX\ e\dq


b~ neT+~. |Xe\ &T| q |&,
s eT<qT+& d#yTq, eT b\T eTq
\_dTHsTT. u jTeTT>\ +Te\T dsTTeTT
eTq eX|s#&jTTHsTT. = |Xe\T eTq
yVH\T>, = |X e\ e+deTT eTq VseTT>
|j >|& T T+f eT] ={ <s eTqH |j `
H\T #LsTTHsTT. ~ qT+& y~ qjTeTT #d
eT]jTT s> |qsT<] +# >TD\Tq (eT]jTT nH
eT+<T\ j y&&TTq) HqT, H{>\T eTq
deTT jsT #dTHsTT. |Xe <T, deTT<eTT
dsTTeTT eTq eX|s#&jTTq~. n+<T qT+
eTqeTT C e+k eT]j T T eTqeTT =& >
usD\qT y*rdTHeTT. m+{ n<Ty <!)
wyTq eqe dw : eTqeT+<seT eTq
e > s \ eTq * < + & T \ X k eTs \
|+&, s+&T <y\ \sTT, y\TTsT L&
|y+# eT&T bs\ +< >&+<seTT
II

j sj eTT. ~ DeTT (C> {) f nsTTq|{,


< qT+& _qyTq eT]jTT KyT q $<T \qT sV+#
n+ n<Ty T q nejTy\T jssTTHsTT. #seTT,
meTT \ T, >s T , y + T \ T, s e TT, + & s \T,
eT|+&\T, jTeTT, }|] T\T, |>T\T,
H\T, <+\T, >T+&, yT<&T yTT<\>Tq$ js`
e&eTT eTq qeTX+ jT<seTT. j
nejTy\ s\T ysT , sD+ ysT eT]jTT $<T \T
ysT . M{ ~ DeTT f n+f eTqeTT m+
n<T+ > j sj y <!
e+d| eTT< e{& X , e+d|
eTT< $& X, e+d| eTT< <w,
e+d| eTT< sT k~+# X , e+d|
eTT< XseT+{ s|dsD #d X, n>
e+d| eTT< +# X e&+<+f b+{
n<Ty <? | |#T M{ * D + (Mother
Cell = Zygote) f n+f m+{ eTV n<T+
?!!
10

edTe jTT $\Te < s|\ q eT]jTT


< jTT |j >+ { +T+~. $<+ > #d,
n+ *yq JesjT q eTw jTT sD+ {,
eTw bD+ m+ >=|< eT]jTT m+ neT\yTq <
f nseTeT+~.

V $wj ed :

m+ $&s + ! : yTTe TT dw n+ *yq


Jeso eqe&, V b\& @ Jeso
eqe&...!
V sD\T : H&T deeTT nH
sD\ eTqTw\T V b\&TTHsT.
|eT $|\yTq<, |[ <, |<y
eT+<*+#s, wy T q ysT nkT> #bjs,
nqTq~ k~+#< , eT+ neXeTT #sTTC]+<,
ybseTT u qw+ *+<, mes nqTe+#s, mes nee+#s, mes yd+ #Xs,
mes qeT <V+ #Xs, =+<s y #jT L&
11

b|yT < #Xs, =+<s mes #| q e\T $


<Ts< c }V+#T= n| sTT b\T|& sT.
=+<s (y] J$eTT cM T q+<Tq) J$eTT
usT =&TTq< \e++> bD* rdT+THsT.
n> =+<sT, < : eTq <X sT\T eT n|\T
e| #j \H <, eTqT <Ty\H < eT
< q + s + s T \ H Hj T + s T > T T +< H
V b\&TTHsT. (~ + y]
<Ty*+~bsTT, y] deTd\ |]cs esZ\T
y*+~bsTT eTq HjTy, y] (sT\)
n+> nedse TT | +s{qT @sT #keTT,
n n+THsT.)
n> m+eT+~ $<sT\T L& eT
HjT+ s> b sTTH, d+ u$ wT HH eT+{
y] HjT+ sT>TT+<yq V #dT+`
THsT.
eTw #e... eTw #e <T : <VsD
< #b, q *<+&T\ _&
12

#bsTTqT, n> q k<sT k<sT&T, q


us us, q |\\ +&, q dVT\
dVT&T eT]jTT q <X bsT&T #bsTTqT.
n<+ : V #dT e& m+ <s + y\,
<seTT =+H +f J$ >&|jTT#T n
=+<s+ T+{sT. ~ e\eTT y] H{ e eyT
<T |< n<+ L&qT.
V n+f? : V n+f jTT VH?
<T. V n+f \eqsD+. eT bD
djT+> yT rdTe&eTT. #jT& me]
V <T.
eqe dw <T. eTq J$+ ydy
eTq |k~+#&q >=| neX+. eTq* eTqeTT
dw+ #T<T , dw+ #TeTT L&. eTq *< + &T\
eTq+ |&eTT. eTq e>s\ j seeTT.
eTq *<+&T\T eTq dws\T <T. eTq <e&q
dws, eTq* @ $<+>H eTq e>s\
jsT#X&, n< $<+> eTq *<+&T\qT L&
13

y] jTT e>s\ jsT#X&T. eTq


dws jTT . eTq |, eTq bD+|
dws eyT ds~seTT #\TT+~.
n+<T eTq bD eTqyT \e++>
rdTe&eTT mq{ <s +> |]>D+ #&<T . V
#dT e&eTT nCH, |]H , s eT]jTT
|T uy <s q+.
>eT : V e\ #b<T. kqu+X+
#+<TT+~. n+f #bsTTq s L& eTw +
<X #sT+{&T. eT] eT w+ eqT u<
sV yT q J$ >&| , <e jTT< #sT +f eTq
| & T T+< VA]+#&e? +#+&.
n>, qT $&H ds jTT
|jT q+ e+ k>TT+< *d K+> mes
V b\&sT. eTT m+ |< deTd
sTH ds, eT XjTX < qT+& jT
se& |jTksT. nXX| b|+
deTd\ @e+ |]csyT V b\&sT .
14

Hd d++~+ | >eT : Hd\qT


<+ & |yTq >eT neds+ @$T{?
nq d+<V+ MT \T>e#T. eTT+<T |s eT]
<e |keq e+~ {, Hd \ (<e H
~]+#y]) >T]+ L& |keq #jT |<T.
eTs eTTK sDyT$T+f : Hd+ L&
V <]rjTe#T.
Hd\ yd$ (|+>) : eTq eTT+<T
jT+D qsTT q&TdTq eT]jTT eT
y|d e q $XeT+ e\eTT j<+ n,
B dHsT&T dws &, <<
e+< MsT u$dT+ {sT. y] #T q
k+ +{ y] / +<T e\ s |\ jTT
eT&qeT\qT, nH |esqqT >eT+
nT|eT CsTTr dHwD #jT Hd
HqysT MsT.
|qT (\eTT) << sq|&T,
eeT\T (k<sDyTq ) jT+eTT <<
15

sq|&T, < yqT dHsT&T / < &T


K+> +{&T b n~ << s<T
n eTqeTT qeTTTq|&T, n> s> >~
\T me] |yTjTeTT +& y{y esTd
neTs&q|&T, eT] +{ $X\yTq @ b\T
$XeTT eqe eTqT>& y\dq n
d<T bj\, KyT q eT+, n @s
<< jssTT+< MsT qeTTsT. HsT ]d
n+ dqT nH M] |seTT yUq+
Xd<yTq $XwD....!
ydy , dq T dw e]+#>\ <>, <
dw+#<T. dqT CH d++~+q XK
eyT . C MsT <e ~ ]+#& M] <>sZ
beDyTq eT]jTT Xd<yTq =\eqyTB <T.
<e H sd]+# Hd\T eTT
me] yT<sT\T < u$ksT. ydy
yT<q+ eTw u<qT HsTT+~. eT
16

#sD eT dw s yT #| e\d +T+<q


qeT+ eTw s +> |e]+#& e e<T.
V @ deTdL |]cseTT <T : eTT+<T
|s=qT> nH sD\ eTqTw\T V
b\&TTHsT. ydy @ deTdq V
|]cseTT <T. |]d eT]+> <Tss d
~> C s T d T + < > # u < T . k+ +{ y ]
J$++ eTqX+ +& #dT+~. deeTT
eTsH s\ <Tw]De\T #T#dT +{sTT. #T
qysT, |+ q |\\T ujTu+T\
qesT. n+<T y] dVT\T L& mH
s\ eqd s>\ >TsjT neX+ +~.
eTqH me | >TsjTysT eTT
m+eT+~ HsT. < : $+>T\T, ke*j
+{ <X\ |< |\T. ydy y] =~eT+~
L& V #dT = #by\ nqTe&eTT <T .
+&& y] |jT + n+. m+<T+f #y
n|jT +> L& edT+ ~ {.
17

q& +& bsTTH, eT+ deTT


+{ X u $T MT< b+ b+ <s+
y e\dH, k+ysT bwVs |+ e\ eTT+<T
#bTH ysT V b\&f<T n+f... eT]
>+&.... +#+&..!

|$T+q nesTT < <.....!


|$T+q nesTT < bH$ T?
eTq* |$TdH +& neT +~>!
neTqT sTTq nH<y H ds
neT |$T+# nesTT < e#T>!
|$T+# eTqdTq MT<H |eT <?
>+&... +#+&!
18

nqTq~ k~+# b js...!


eTq |jT \ $|\ eTT e#T
eTq+ |jT+ #jT&eTT $|\eTT L&<T.
m+eT+~ XdE
\ T mHksT $|\ eTjs >
|jT + #jT &+ e+ eq<q
d+> eTq *d+<>.
>TsT+#T+&, $C n+f m|& z&by&T <T.
z$T qT+& L& HsTHy& ndq $C.
n> eTT > \T|H ,
z$TjTH XXeTT <T.
n+<T > \Tb+~q|&T $sM>L &<T ,
z$T b\sTTq|&T +bqs< T
HsT + eTT+<T kby* n+.
>+&... +#+&!
19

s+>qT m<Ts=+THs.....!
mes u< |&TTHs #b m?
u<|&TH u< u<+> #dTq
neHq @$T y*?
<s+> +&*, $ eTdT\Ty*
|]dT\qT #uTy*.
MT >T]+ u<| & y ]+f
$TeT* u<|fys MT eTTKe?
>+&... +#+&!

bb\T #XeT $T*bTHs.....!


b|eTT LsTHeT bD+ rdT+f
eTV b|eTT #dqyseTeeTT,
bb\H #beTT.
n< |X|+ #+~ J$eTH neX
d~j>+ #dT +f
eTq bb\qT |D\T> esTe#T.
>+&... +#+&!
20

J$+ <Tss e TsTT+<.....!


eTT m+ $X\eTsTTq~.
neX\, |ej\ +& q~.
eTq e&q *$ eTT+<T eTq deTd\T @ b{M e.
CsTTr, eTD, $yeTT, dVqeTT
|]cs esZ\T nHw+#+&.
dV j, dV s L& n]+#e#T.
>+&... +#+&!

nsTTqys qeT<V+ #Xs....!


MTsT qeTTqys $TeT* ydeTT #Xs,
$TeT* qeTTq y] eT]jTT MT | <s|& q y],
MTsT ydeTT #d rs >T]#j?
qeT<V+ #dq y] $ T+#e ?
d+ y] <s+> +&e ?
>+&... +#+&!
21

|jT yTq *< + &Ts....!


MT |\\ J$\ MT jTT kq+
eTses u #jTsT.
MT |\\T MT w+
|[ #dTuTHsH <
MT n+#H\ >ZT> @< k~+#f<H
y] sT \ b\+&.
bV+#+&, eTT+<TqT+# >{|H~ yjT+&.
MT @ $wjTyTH |+#TH
dV+> yT\>+&.
nqL& e\T n y] V<j \qT
>jT|s#+&.
uy<qsTT yTT yd+
#T+&.
>+&... +#+&!
22

|jT yTq jTTes |eT....!


neT\yTq eTq J$+ >=| neX+.
neHq\T |eTT @<
nq e\qT eTqdT rdT+&.
eTq* m+>H |$T+# eTq neHq\
eTq* f n~s+ L& +~.
< yqT y] <X + eTq n_e< njTT+T+~.
>+&... +#+&!

>TsT+#T+&...
me] m+ ne>Vq +<
<{ y] |esH
eT]jTT ysT y& |<C \eTT +T+~.
n+ |eTT eTw mH n+{&T.
n+<T q <X + n~ be#T.
23

deTd ` *$ ` d# ` |ej\T ` sj
T +:
deTd\T n+<] eksTT. deTd\qT |]w]+#TH
*$\T eTq deT~> |k~+#&sTT. n>
deTd jTT |]cs mH |ej\T
+{sTT. eTqq *$, nqTueeTT, sT\
dV jT dV seTT\ eT+ sj
T + rdT= eTq
deTd\qT ne\> |]w]+#Te#T. <s dueeTTqT
|+b+~+#T=, d+ eTqd $&H& eTqq
d#q T d~j>eTT #dT +f eTq J$yT y&T
neT+~. eTqq eqsT\T eTq <T ds eqy[
d]bsTT. s+& |X $wj
s]+#T+<+.
|X : MT s+&T =eTT<T\T (two 9s) e&jTqT+&,
y{ |j+ d+ e+< m k~+#>\sT?
(eTw s+&T , s+&T #e\T, s+&T #T\T, s+&T
e&sTT. n> V<jT + eT]jTT
yT<&T, n deT+>H |k~+#&sTT. M{
|j+ eTw qT #d |qT\ e+< e+<
k~+#& |jTk&T, sT+{&T.
24

n> s +&T =eTT<T\ e+< (d+) m


k~+#e# +#+&.)
de<q+ :
eTqq |ej\T (options) @$T{?
1. ee\q+ (rdy ) : 9-9 R 0 (=+<sT nd\T
$wj |{+#T+&, H>{y ~++>
qsTT, m+ k~+#>* +& L& eT
J$ e< #dT +{sT.)
2. $u q+ (u+#&+ ) : 9/9 R 1 (=+<sT < +
# @< n&T>T eTT+<Tks+.)
3. d+\q+ (L&) : 9G9 R 18 (=+< s T
b{y> + @< =+ k~ksT .)
4. >TD+#&+ (V+#&+ ) : 9I9 R 81 (=+<sT
y]e&q < V+#T= + me
k~ksT , d+ e+< < k~+#*!)
5. n> 9 | q 9 |{H eTq 99 edT+ ~. (
d+ e+< < k~+#*!)
eTq + @ options HsTT?
25

u> >TsT+#T+& : eTqq eqsT\T d\eTT <T,


eTq #H <sD n\yTq<bsTT+~. eTw
dw n+ n<TyTq eT]jTT *yq Jes.
*yq y& eqsT\T $TyT H ds , nq yT<d T qT
|j + m+ k~+#>\ &T.
6. mH+{ (Exponent) : 9^9 = 9x9x9x9x9x9x9x9x9
= 387420489

eTqeTT k~+#\qT+~ d+ e+<.


| yTTe TT qT+& eTq e\dq e+< rdyd H
38,74,20,389 $T>T\TT+~. < eTq +{y]
qT+& yTT<\T +<T $TT\, dVT\, neds`
sT\, nH<\ eT]jTT n>|sT\ |+#e#T.
eTqq eqsT\T d\eTT <T. eTqeTT eTq *$
|j +#* n+.
nsTT MT += d+<V+ \T>e#T :
n+H eTqeTT k~+#>* > ~? n.
26

7. Factorial :
i) 99! = 99 x 98 x 97 x 96 x 95 ... 3 x 2 x 1 =

m+ |<

d+K edT+ ~.
m++f... + :
933262154439441526816992388562
667004907159682643816214685929
6389521759999322991560894146
39761565182862536979208272237582511852
1 09 1 6 8 6 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
!
!

ii)

de<qeTT e] e# dTH\ (0s) d+U: 22


99! n+\ d+K R 156. (n+f e\eTT n+\T
rdTH 100 |H )
n>: eTT+<T> 9! rdT+&.
9! = 9 x 8 x 7 x 6 x 5 x 4 x 3 x 2 x 1=3,62,880.

n> += =$T~

9!=3,62,880.

a) 9!x9! = 3,62,880 x 3,62,880= 131681894400


b)

n> yTT eTs= < mbH+{ (Exponent) > + : 3,62,880 ^ 3,62,880


27

| 156 n+\ d+K +f + m+ |<


d+K edT+ ~.
eTw \#T+f m+ k~+#>\ &T. n+<T
nHsT: eTqdT+f esZeTTq<. >TsT+#T+&:
|<]eTT # n&T >T #sT H eTqeTT n&T>T\T
yd n&T>T\ |... | |. n+> V
||+ #eTT @ deTd L& |]cs+ <T.

>+&... +#+&... >TsT+ #T+&


1. eTw n+ n<Ty T q eT]jTT *yq Jes.
2. ||+ #+ m+ $X\yTq ~.
3. eTw bD+ neT\yTq ~.
4. eTq J$+ >=| neX+. d~j>+
#dT+f k| k~+#e#T.
5. eTqeT+<seTT |eTT>\ (imperfect) Je\eTT.
~ yde +. | *$ eTs | b\T.
eTqq *$ eTq b\qT eTqeTT =+#eTT
=+#eTT> n~>$ T+#>\ +.
28

6. eTqeTT eTTTH | | |rk $C\ eTT


eTT. < jTT nedse TT L& <T .
7. | #jT &eTT eqe dV +. eTq e\ bsbT,
|\T sT>TsTT. ]q |\ qT+&
>TDbs+ HsT eTT+<T kby*. z$T
eTq* d+|Ps+> HsTH #dT+~. z$T
eTq neds+ , nes<+ <T.
8. eTq+ d+|Ps Je\eTT <T. eTq @
$wjTeTT >T]+ L& d+|PsyTq CqeTT <T.
n+<T eTq |jT \T $|\ eTe#T. n~ L&
eTq eT+.
9. eTq |jT \T $|\ eTe#T eTqeTT |jTeTT #jT &eTT $|\ T\eTT L&<T . m+<T+f:
<>eTT |sTw \DeTT.
>eT : <>eTT |sTw \DeTT n+f eT>y&T
<>eTT #j\ <T. <>eTT R |jTeTT,
|sTw&TR eqe&T n+f nd\T nseTT: |jTeTT
#jT &eTT eqe \D eTT.
29

>TsT+#T+&: #e eTq |jTeTT nedseTT <T.


n~ n|jT +> L& edT+ ~.
10. eT $j\ qT+& HsTHy # nsT<T.
eT n|j\ qT+& HsT Hys # me.
ydy z$T qT+& HsT e& neXeTT
me> +T+~.
11. #eT+~ >\T| nV+sT\qT, nC>
|sT \qT #dT + f z$T eeTT +|#d T + ~.
T> eT]jTT _q $<\T> +|Cd T + ~.
z$T eTw nDTeqT HsTT+~.
12. eT<Tyq k>seTT <&yTq >&
#jT<T. eTq eTq X keTs\ >ZT>H
deTdksTT. y{ eTqeTT <s +> m<Tsy*.
n s\T> |jT+#*. sTDeTT
dV j eT]jTT dV s L& n]+#e#T.
13. | d e Td L | ] cs e TT+~. d e Td
deTdbe&yT | deTd |]cs+ <T. =
deTd\ dVqyT |Ts+. eTw nTe+{
30

deTd\ e\ |T qT+&,
ueeTT eTd\Ty*. ~ L& *$ eT]jTT
$ <sqyT.
14. eTq J$eTT e\eTT q+<\qT nqTu$ +#&
nsTT eTw + * $ ned s y T < T .
+Te\ q+ *$ d]bjT~. neT\yTq
eqe J$ qyT q \ eTT+~. \
| eqe&T CsTTr #~ +#*.
15. JesX\ u eTqT>& $T+ eTT
mH @sT ] HsTT. @sqT eTqTw
<T |Xe\T L& |j+#T+{sTT.
eTqTw> |Xe\T L& |&sTT, +{sTT,
>TsTT, <T]ksTT, &sTT, $d]k sTT, y{
]\qT rsT+{sTT, |\* , y{
ksTT nT|eT eTsDksTT. nsTT eTw
dw n+<]+f *yq Jes njTT+&
qT L& e\eTT u eTqT>&| eyT q
<w +B]d (q *$ <T]j>+ #jT &yT
31

< T ) | X e\ k s TT + f + + ~
~>C]b&T. eTq eTT+<T eTq+ H&T n<
#dTHeTT.
16. { $<\T L{ =s , n n+f @$T{ \Tk?
@ $< HsT H (< @ | #dH ) n~ T`
<sT e dyT , n #eT+~ nqT+THsT.
n+f @~ #dH e\eTT T<sT e (b) dyT
n, n+ $T+ @MT< u$+#k>sT.
ydy kyT < q nd\T $wjT eTT
@$T+f : { $<\T L{ =s > eqe
J$ e+ qyT q \ + q~. eTs
#b\+f : eTq J$\ eTT e\eTT T<sT e
d + b~+# T e& | ] $T + < T . eTq
J$eTT T<sT e d+b~+#Te&+ nH~
e\eTT eTTK u>+ eyT . n+> eTqeTT
<>eTT #jT { < ybs+ #d &T\T
d+b~+#Te& |< T .
32

n> T<sTe d+b~+#Te& mH


$<\THsTT, mH esZ\THsTT. s+>eTT
$|\ yTq + eq bD rdTqs< T . s
s+>\ eT XjTX |jT +#*, nq ns+
L& edT+ ~.

es>.....
sT \ XjT dT >T]+ +#ysT, eT
+f Jeq |eD\ |s+ > e ksTT qy]
<Ty\qTHysT, deC yT\T #j\
sTHysT V \+|qT L& y] eTqdT\
sesT. m+<T+f Te+{ ysT eT deTd\H
sT\ deTd\ me b<q ksT. eT
|]dT\ $wj e#d] dsTuT, >
d<e TesT, dV q+ eVksT , <s+> eeV]ksT .
Te+{ ysT deTd\T m<Ts=q|&T $$< esZ\
d e Td qT | ] w ]+# T e& | j T k s >
d++> +#sT . Te+{ eTqd yT y]
eTH |+b+~+#Te&eTT dV ]dT+ ~.
33

{ ks $&|{, m|& eTq >T]+#


+#, eTq <w sT\ deTd\| eT[<+.
] deTd\ +=s+ b\T|+#T+<+. \d`
T> eTq deTd\qT |]w]+#T+<+. k]
+#+&. MT deTd\ HqT, H deTd\ MTsT
b\T|+#T+f m +T+~? m+ dTHjd+> eTq
|]dT\qT m<Ts>\y <! eTq deTd\qT
m<Ts=q{ eTqeTT +] <T, eTq dVjT
dV s\T n+~+# e\ T HsT nH ueq m+
eTqX+ eT]jTT >T+& <s dT+ ~.

s+&! V
eTVe] eTq deeTT
L{ y |b sjT&
d+d<T\eTe<+.
| 6, I. eT\+ : KTsYH (2:22, 21:32`33 67:5, 16:15 36:38,40)
| 7, II. eT\+ : KTsYH (13:2 16:12, 36:40 16:10`11 16:66,
36:72`73 16:68`69 16:14)
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