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2010 Edition

Power Cables & Wires


Technical Manual

Through the initiative of:


International Copper Association South East Asia

Institute of Integrated Electrical Engineers of the Philippines, Inc.

ISBN 978-971-93962-8-4

PREFACE
This book, Power Cables and Wires Technical Manual, was written to
address the need by consumers, specifiers, and purchasers to have a
ready reference guide in correctly specifying or ordering the appropriate
cables and/or wires that will satisfy their particular requirements.
Towards this purpose, a Cable/Wire Ordering Form, which appears in
Annex D, was developed so that the User will be able to indicate and
itemize his needs and give all data and information necessary for the
Wires and Cable Manufacturer or Supplier to be able to supply the wire
or cable that the User requires.
All components necessary for the construction of a cable or wire, from
the conductor to the insulator, are each discussed in this manual so as to
educate or inform the reader of its fundamental use or purpose to the
final product. Moreover, all the different types of material and their
characteristics have been identified and explained in this manual to
further elucidate the reader.
This publication was made possible through the initiative and support of
the International Copper Association South East Asia and the Institute
of Integrated Electrical Engineers of the Philippines, who developed,
published and will propagate its use as reference.
Though conscientious efforts have been exerted to ensure the accuracy of
the information in this manual, comments regarding errors and omissions
are most welcome and highly appreciated. All suggestions will be
studied and considered for inclusion in this manuals next edition.

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
This Power Cables and Wires Technical Manual was developed into a
printed publication through the collaborative efforts among professional,
business and international organizations. In the course of the manuals
conceptualization, development and production, which spanned for more
than a year, several distinguished entities and individuals, have
generously lent their utmost participation, assistance, knowledge,
expertise and support towards the completion and publication of this
manual.
Special thanks are given to the Institute of Integrated Electrical
Engineers (IIEE) of the Philippines 2009 and 2010 Board of Governors,
headed by their Presidents, Engrs. Arthur N. Escalante and Gregorio Y.
Guevarra, respectively, for their insightful approval to engage the
Institute in this worthwhile project and sustaining the support until its
completion. Of course, all of this would not have been possible without
the initiative and patronage of the International Copper Association
South East Asia, whose representative in the Philippines is Mr. Jessie
Todoc. Further, we want to recognize the critical support, knowledge and
relevant materials contributed by the following Wires and Cables
Companies; Columbia, Phelps Dodge, Sycwin and Philflex. Moreover,
we would like to acknowledge the Bureau of Product Standards (BPS) of
the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) for the list of the existing
Philippine National Standards (PNS) on wires and cables.
Finally, eternal gratitude is given to the IIEE Adhoc Committee on Wires
and Cables, whose members are; Engr. Willington K. K. C. Tan, Engr.
Cesar Gatpo, Ms. Maritess Templonuevo and Engr. Ricardo Lopez Jr.,
who participated in the conceptualization and outline of the manual and
were instrumental in coming up with the Cable/Wire Ordering Form, and
whose indefatigable Chairman, Engr. Arthur A. Lopez, gave flesh to the
manual. Special mention is given to Engr. Feldimir Siao of MERALCO,
who conducted the review of the original manuscript and to Engr. Wilson
Yu for his valuable contributions.
Again, thank you very much.
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vi

Table of Contents
Preface
Acknowledgement
Table of Contents
Introduction
1
Material Consideration
1.1 Resistance and Conductivity
1.2 Weight
1.3 Amapacity
1.4 Voltage Regulation
1.5 Short Circuit
1.6 Other Factors
2 Wire/Cable Manufacturing Process
2.1 Drawing
2.2 Annealing
2.3 Stranding
2.4 Bunching
2.5 Extrusion
3 Conductor Size
4 Stranding
4.1 Concentric Stranding
4.2 Compressed Stranding
4.3 Compact Stranding
4.4 Bunch Stranding
4.5 Rope Stranding
4.6 Sector Conductors
4.7 Segmental Conductors
4.8 Annular Conductors
5 Physical and Mechanical Properties
5.1 Conductor Properties
5.2 Tempers of Conductors
5.3 Conductor Direct Current (DC) Resistance
5.4 Conductor AC Resistance
5.5 Cables in Magnetic Metal Conduit
5.6 Resistance at Higher Frequency

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1
1
2
3
4
4
4
4
5
6
6
6
6
7
7
10
10
11
11
13
13
13
13
14
14
14
15
16
19
21
22

Insulation
6.1 Elastomers
6.2 Plastics
6.3 Insulation Resistance
7 Cable Design and Construction
8 Low Voltage Wires and Cables
8.1 Building Wires
8.2 Secondary and Service Cables
9 Medium and High Voltage Wires and Cables
9.1 Bare Conductors
9.2 Covered Conductors
9.3 Insulated Cables
10 Installation of Wires and Cables
10.1 Maximum Allowable Tensions on Conductors
10.2 Sidewall Pressure
10.3 Bending Radius
11
Packaging
12
Cable/Wire Application
13
Cable Installation Method
14
Color Coding
15
Reference Standards
16
Storage
17
Available Cable Handling Equipment at Site
18
Safeguards for Installing Wires and Cables in
Conduit
18.1 Before Pulling Wire/Cable
18.2 While Pulling Wire/Cable
18.3 After Pulling Wire/Cable
19 Safeguard for Switchboard and Similar Open
Wiring
20 Wire/Cable Ordering Form
Annexes
Annex A
Annex B
Annex C
Annex D
Bibliography

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27
33
35
36
39
44
49
49
53
57
62
62
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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual

INTRODUCTION
One of the fundamental concerns of electrical engineering is the
transmission and distribution of electricity to its final utilization in a
manner that is safe, efficient and economical. The choice of conductor
material including size and design takes into consideration the operating
voltage, ampacity, mechanical properties, type of installation and overall
cost.
Electric wires and cables come in a wide variety of types and
construction. It usually consists of a low resistance conductor to
properly transmit electric current. They can be classified in various
ways depending on the factors being considered such as the material,
degree of insulation, service, or voltage application.
The aim of this manual is to provide sufficient information on the types
of wires and cables available in the market including its intended
application in order for the reader to make an intelligent selection. At
the end section of this manual, more detailed information are included
on the types and applications of wires and cables that an electrical
practitioner would generally need.
1. MATERIAL CONSIDERATIONS
There are several high conductivity metals that may be used as
conductor. A conductor is a metallic material which allows electric
current to flow through it with less resistance. Table 1 ranked these
metals according to resistivity at 20C.
The best conductor material is silver but due to its high cost per unit
weight and being one of the precious metals, it is not economical to
use in the transmission and distribution of electricity. Comparatively,
gold with its excellent corrosion resistance and lower resistivity than
aluminum is also a good conductor but, same as silver, is very costly.
Thus, these metals i.e., silver and gold are only used in electrical
applications where low resistivity and corrosion resistance is of utmost
importance such as electrical contacts.
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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual

Copper with its inherent lower resistivity than aluminum is the preferred
conductor on certain applications. It is malleable and ductile. Also, it
has a relatively higher tensile strength and easily soldered. However, it
is more expensive and heavier than aluminum.

Table 1. Resistivity of Metals at 20C


Metal
Ohm-mm2/m
Silver
1.59108
Copper
1.68108
Gold
2.44108
Aluminium
2.82108
Tungsten
5.60108
Zinc
5.90108
Nickel
6.99108
Iron
1.0107
Platinum
1.06107
Tin
1.09107

1.1 Resistance and Conductivity


Resistance is the opposition of an object to the passage of electric
current. For direct current, resistance is dependent on the material
length, cross-sectional area and resistivity. The electrical resistance
of a conductor is inversely proportional to the cross-sectional area or
diameter of a conductor i.e., the larger the conductor the less
resistance it has to the flow of current. Conductivity, on the other
hand, is the complete opposite of resistance.
Compared with copper, aluminum has a number of technical
disadvantages, all of which can be satisfactorily overcome to
benefit from its economic attraction. The advantage of its lower
density (about one-third that of copper) is partly offset by its low
conductivity of just 61% that of copper. Thus, an aluminum
conductor must have a cross-sectional area about 1.6 times that of
copper conductor to have the equivalent dc resistance. Such
difference is approximately equal to two sizes higher (i.e., in AWG).
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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual

The grade and quality of copper is very important and the high
conductivity copper used for electrical purposes comfortably exceeds
the 100% IACS (International Annealed Copper Standard)
value. Conductivity is greatly influenced by impurities and by
mechanical working. Consequently, the purity is of the order of
99.99%, which nowadays is obtained by final electrolytic
refining. Fortunately, the mechanical strength of annealed copper
wire is adequate for nearly all types of insulated cable. If any minor
working of the material occurs during conductor manufacture, e.g. in
compacting to reduce the overall dimensions, allowance has to be
made for work hardening by increasing the copper volume to
compensate for the reduction in conductance. In an extreme case,
such as the use of hard drawn copper for self-supporting overhead
lines, this may amount to as much as 3%. Copper is invariably used
in the annealed condition except for the conductors of selfsupporting overhead cables. Solid aluminum conductors are also
mainly in a soft condition but stranded aluminum conductors are
H (hard) to H.
1.2 Weight
Although aluminum has only about sixty-one percent (61%) of the
conductivity of copper, its lightness makes long spans possible.
Aluminums low density is one of its important advantages. Also, its
relatively large diameter for a given conductivity reduces corona
(the discharge of electricity from the wire when it has a high
potential), which contributes to the losses of the wire. This makes
aluminum ideal for the transmission of high voltage power over long
distances. However, due to aluminums relatively low tensile
strength, the aluminum conductors are usually cabled around a steel
support wire to improve the total tensile strength of the cable. This
enables the relatively expensive transmission towers to be spaced
further apart without the wire sagging too much. Electrical
transmission lines are the largest users of aluminum wire products. In
fact, this is the one market in which aluminum has virtually no
competition from other metals.
However, the relatively large size of aluminum for a given
conductance does not permit the economical use of an insulation
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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


covering. Hence, low voltage household, office, and factory
electric wires and cables are usually copper, which also does not
have the corrosion problems common to aluminum wires. In
fact, copper has been unchallenged as a conductor for all types of
insulated cables for well over seventy (70) years.
1.3 Ampacity
In general, current ratings of aluminum cables are about 78%-80% of
those of copper cables of the same conductor size. An aluminum
cable needs to be thicker than a copper cable in order to have the
same current carrying capacity.
1.4 Voltage Regulation
Reactance is negligible in all DC circuits and, in AC circuits with
small conductors of sizes equal to or less than 60 mm2. Voltage
drops for a copper conductor and an aluminum conductor with 1.6
times the cross-sectional area would be the same. However, in AC
circuits with large conductors, the resistance value is influenced by
skin and proximity effect, and the reactance becomes important.
1.5 Short Circuit
Copper conductors have higher capabilities in short circuit
operations than aluminum conductors. However, for covered and
insulated conductors the thermal limitations of the materials which
form part of conductor should be considered before making such
comparison.
1.6 Other Factors
Aluminum oxidizes rapidly when exposed to air, a thin corrosion
resistance film having a high dielectric strength forms quickly. Thus,
additional care must be taken when making connections. Material of
terminal connections should be taken into consideration since this
could corrode the aluminum conductor. Also, when a combination of
copper and aluminum conductors are to be connected together,
special technique or connectors are required to have a reliable
connection.
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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual

Small strands of aluminum conductor have lower bending tolerance


that these are not used in generating stations, substations or portable
cables. When there are space limitations, copper cables are the
suitable choice since aluminum cables are larger in size for the same
current carrying capacity.
Economics does play a vital consideration in the choice of conductor
but should include the other overlying cost involved to complete an
installation.
2. WIRE/CABLE MANUFACTURING PROCESS
Copper and aluminum rods undergo several stages of processing before
they become wires or cables. Below is a flowchart of the wire/cable
manufacturing process.
Bare solid hard
drawn wire (1)

Extrusion
(4)

Insulated solid hard


drawn wire (1 & 4)
Insulated stranded hard
drawn wire (1, 3, 4)

Drawing
(1)

Stranding/
Bunching
(3)

Bare stranded hard


drawn wire (1 & 3)

Annealing
(2)

Stranding/
Bunching
(3)

Bare stranded soft


drawn wire (1, 2 & 3)

Bare solid soft drawn


wire (1 & 2)

Extrusion
(4)

Insulated stranded soft


drawn wire (1, 2, 3 & 4)

Figure 1: Wire Manufacturing Process


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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual

2.1 Drawing
Drawing is the process of pulling the copper or aluminum rods or
wires at normal temperature through a die to reduce the crosssectional area in order to get the desired dimension. The wire is
deformed due to the tapering of the die and the force exerted during
pulling.
2.2 Annealing
Annealing is the process of softening the temper of the wire and
improving its cold working properties and machinability through
sustained heating at a pre-determined temperature followed by
cooling at a defined rate. There are many ways of annealing a wire;
the most common practices in annealing copper is the continuous
strand or resistance annealing wherein annealing is done by
means of a machine placed between the final capstan of a drawing
machine and the spooler so that the wire is drawn, annealed and
spooled in one operation.
2.3 Stranding
Stranding is the process where a number of hard or soft wires are laid
together geometrically in such a way that each wire holds its place in
the strand all throughout the entire length. Generally, the number of
wires in a strand is 7, 19, 37, 61, and could reach up to 91, 127 or
168 depending on the desired size or cross-sectional area of
the stranded wire. The lay of multi-layered stranded wires are laid
in opposite direction alternately in its succeeding lay with the
outermost generally being left-handed.
2.4 Bunching
Bunching is similar to the stranding process except that all individual
wires are twisted uniformly in the same direction without regard for
geometrical arrangement. It provides a more flexible
conductor than a single strand. A number of bunches twisted together
in the same direction and in uniform manner is called a compound
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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


bunch. A number of bunches twisted together so that each bunch,
except the central one, has a helical form of pre-determined lay ratio
is a stranded bunch. A number of stranded bunches twisted together
so that each stranded bunch, except the central one, has a helical
form of pre-determined ratio is called a compound strand bunch.
2.5 Extrusion
Extrusion is the process where an insulation material is
continuously coated or applied around the conductor as it passes
through a die in the head of an extruding machine. The insulation
material in form of pellets, dice and the likes (can be plastic, nylon,
rubber, etc.) are placed in a hopper that is situated over a barrel in
which a screw revolves. The insulation material softens as it feeds
inside the heated extruder barrel then melted out over the core
material through the screw which forces the material along the barrel
and compresses it at the same time to convert the material into fluid
mass. The conductor emerges from the tip of the core with the
material stream inside the extruder head and the insulation is
formed to the required size and shape as the insulated conductor
passes through the die.
3. CONDUCTOR SIZES
Similar to most industries, standards for measuring conductor sizes had
been developed. A conductors size is usually specified based on the
conductors cross-sectional area or its diameter. Conductor sizes are
usually identified in accordance with either of the two predominant wire
sizes, the American Wire Gauge (AWG) which is originally known as
Brown and Sharpe gauge (B&S) or the Metric Wire Gauge (MWG),
which is the international standard (SI or IEC).
The American Wire Gauge (AWG) is used predominantly in the United
States of America (USA). The diameter of AWG No. 4/0 is 0.46 inch and
the diameter of the AWG No. 36 is 0.005 inch. The other 38 intermediate
sizes are governed by a geometric progression with the following
formula:

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Thus, the ratio of any diameter to the next size is 1.122932.
The conductor diameter will approximately double after the next 6 AWG
sizes or it will be half after the next 6 lower sizes. For conductor sizes
larger than AWG No. 4/0, the size is expressed in circular mils which is
an arbitrary cross-sectional area of the conductor. It is computed by
multiplying the individual wire diameter in inches by 1,000, squaring the
result, and multiplying by the number of wires. Usually expressed in
kcmil (new term) or MCM (old term) which denotes thousand circular
mils.
The metric wire gauge is used by most countries in the world. It uses the
SI unit of square millimeters (mm2) to designate conductor size (i.e.,
cross-sectional area). However, the designated metric wire sizes are not
the precise sizes. IEC standard allows a variation of up to 20% in the
conductor area from the designated size.
In the Philippines, the wire sizes used are in metric but are, technically,
based on AWG sizes. That is, the nearest metric equivalents to the crosssectional area of the standard AWG sizes were adopted. Solid conductor
sizes are specified according to its diameter (mm), while stranded
conductor sizes are specified according to its cross-sectional area (mm2).
Table 2 shows the conversion table of the standard AWG sizes to their
metric equivalences.
A conductors size is directly proportional to its current carrying
capacity. Hence, the bigger the size of the conductor, the higher the
current it can carry or will be able to transmit for a given temperature.
Annex A shows the current carrying capacity of the various sizes of bare
and insulated, as well as, solid and stranded conductors according to their
application and method of installation.
For stranded conductors, the area is based on the sum of the crosssectional area of the individual strands. Stranding of conductors provide
the desired properties of flexibility, however, it also increases slightly
the overall diameter because of the small gaps between the strands.
Hence, a stranded conductor will always have a slightly larger overall
diameter than a solid conductor with the same size or gauge.
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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual

Table 2 - Conversion Table


(Nearest AWG/kcmil to mm2)
PEC (PNS)
mm2 (mm. dia.)
SOLID
(1.6 mm)
(2.0 mm)
(2.6 mm)
(3.2 mm)
STRANDED
2.0
(7 x 0.6 mm)
3.5
(7 x 0.8 mm)
5.5
(7 x 1.0 mm)
8.0
(7 x 1.2 mm)
14
(7 x 1.6 mm)
22
(7 x 2.0 mm)
30
(7 x 2.3 mm)
38
(19 x 2.3 mm)
50
(19 x 1.8 mm)
60
(19 x 2.0 mm)
80
(19 x 2.3 mm)
100
(19 x 2.6 mm)
125
(37 x 2.1 mm)
150
(37 x 2.3 mm)
200

(37 x 2.6 mm)

250
325
400
500

(61 x 2.3 mm)


(61 x 2.6 mm)
(61 x 2.9 mm)
(61 x 3.2 mm)

ASTM
AWG/kcmil
(mm. dia.)
14
12
10
8

(1.63mm)
(2.05 mm)
(2.59 mm)
(3.26 mm)

14
12
10
8
6
4
2
1
1/0
2/0
3/0
4/0
250
300
350
400
450
500
600
750
1000

(7 x 0.615 mm)
(7 x 0.775 mm)
(7 x 0.978 mm)
(7 x 1.23 mm)
(7 x 1.56 mm)
(7 x 1.96 mm)
(7 x 2.47 mm)
(19 x 1.69 mm)
(19 x 1.89 mm)
(19 x 2.13 mm)
(19 x 2.39 mm)
(19 x 2.68 mm)
(37 x 2.09 mm)
(37 x 2.29 mm)
(37 x 2.47 mm)
(37 x 2.64 mm)
(37 x 2.8 mm)
(37 x 2.95 mm)
(61 x 2.52 mm)
(61 x 2.82 mm)
(61 x 3.25 mm)

Metric (IEC)
mm2 (mm. dia.)

2.5
4.0
6.0
10
16
25
35

(7 x 0.67 mm)
(7 x 0.85 mm)
(7 x 1.04 mm)
(7 x 1.35 mm)
(7 x 1.71 mm)
(7 x 2.13 mm)
(7 x 2.52 mm)

50

(19 x 1.8 mm)

70
95
120
150

(19 x 2.17 mm)


(19 x 2.52 mm)
(37 x 2.03 mm)
(37 x 2.3 mm)

185

(37 x 2.52 mm)

240
300
400
500

(61 x 2.44 mm)


(61 x 2.5 mm)
(61 x 2.9 mm)
(61 x 3.2 mm)

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


4. STRANDING
The conductor material may be either solid or stranded. A solid
conductor is a single, solid strand of conductor for the whole length of
the wire, while a stranded conductor is composed of several strands of
conductor concentrically wounded together over the whole length of the
wire/cable. For the same cross-sectional area of a conductor, there are
diameter differences between solid and various types of stranded
conductors. This is an important consideration in the selection of
connectors and in the methods of splicing and terminating.
Large sizes of solid conductors are too rigid for many applications that
the solution would be to have smaller wires and strand them together to
form the conductor. There are several ways of stranding the wires
together which is dependent of the type and temper of the metal used.
The following subsections will discuss the most commonly used
stranding for copper conductors.
4.1 Concentric Stranding
This consists of a central wire or core surrounded
by one or more layer of hellically applied wires.
Each layer is applied in a direction opposite to
the layer underneath, except for unilay
construction wherein the layers are applied in the
same lay direction. Lay length is the distance
required to make one complete revolution of a
strand around the central conductor. Lay length Concentric Stranding
requirement based on the American Society of
Testing Materials (ASTM) standard is for neither it to be not less
than 8 times nor more than 16 times the overall diameter of that
layer.
For power cables, the
standard stranding is Class
B. The outermost layer
should be of a left hand lay
Left hand lay direction
which means that when you
go along the axis of the conductor the outermost layer of strands
should roll towards the left as they recede from the observer. More
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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


flexibility is obtained by using small strands and increasing the
number of wires in the conductor. Class C has one more layer than
Class B, Class D has one more layer than Class C and so on. The
class designation goes up to M (those normally used for welding
cables).
4.2 Compressed Stranding
This construction slightly deforms the layers
to allow the layer being applied to close
tightly. The diameter of the conductor can be
reduced by up to 3% of the equivalent
concentric strand. There is no, however,
Compressed Stranding
reduction in the conductor area.
4.3 Compact Stranding
This is similar to compressed stranding except
that additional forming is done to reduce the
conductor diameter typically by 9% less than
its equivalent concentric stranded conductor.
The resulting diameter is a near solid
conductor.

11

Compact Stranding

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual

Table 3 - Diameter for Stranded Copper and Aluminum Conductors


Conductor
Size

Nominal Diameters (mm)


Concentric Stranded
Compressed
Class B
Class C

Compact

AWG
8
3.708
3.759
3.581
3.404
6
4.674
4.742
4.521
4.293
4
5.893
5.944
5.715
5.410
3
6.604
6.680
6.401
6.045
2
7.417
7.518
7.188
6.807
1
8.433
8.458
8.179
7.595
1/0
9.474
9.500
9.169
8.534
2/0
10.643
10.668
10.312
9.550
3/0
11.938
11.963
11.582
10.744
4/0
13.411
13.437
13.005
12.065
kcmil
250
14.605
14.630
14.173
13.208
300
16.002
16.027
15.519
14.478
350
17.297
17.297
16.789
15.646
400
18.491
18.517
17.932
16.739
450
19.609
19.634
19.025
17.780
500
20.650
20.701
20.041
18.694
550
21.717
21.717
21.057
19.685
600
22.682
22.682
21.996
20.650
650
23.597
23.622
22.885
21.463
700
24.486
24.511
23.749
22.276
750
25.349
25.375
24.587
23.063
800
26.187
26.213
25.400
23.825
900
27.762
27.762
26.949
25.375
1000
29.261
29.286
28.372
26.924
Notes:
1. Compressed and compact nominal diameters are based on concentric lay
stranded Class B construction.
2. The above diameters are based on ASTM specifications (converted into SI or
metric units).

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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual

4.4 Bunch Stranding


In this construction the conductor strands are
twisted together in the same direction without
any regard to the geometric arrangement.
Commonly used when very flexible wire is
required for small conductor sizes, such as
portable cables.

Bunch Stranding

4.5 Rope Stranding


This is a combination of the concentric
conductor and a bunch stranded conductor.
The complete conductor is composed of a
number of groups of bunched or concentric
stranded conductors assembled concentrically
together.

Rope Stranding

4.6 Sector Conductors


The cross-section of these conductors is
approximately the shape of a circles sector. A
multi-conductor insulated cable with three
sector conductor cables have three 120
segments that combine to form a circle as a
finished cable. This cable have smaller
Sector Conductor
diameter than the cable with round conductors.
Also, these cables have lower ac resistance due to a reduction of the
proximity effect.
4.7 Segmental Conductors
A segmental conductor is a round, stranded
conductor composed of three or four sectors
slightly insulated from one another. This
construction has the advantage of lower a-c
resistance due to less skin effect.
Segmental Conductor
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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual

4.8 Annular Conductors


The round stranded conductors are laid around
a suitable core. The core is usually made
wholly or mostly of non-conducting material.
This construction has the advantage of lower
total a-c resistance for a given cross-sectional
area of conducting material by eliminating the Annular Conductor
greater skin effect at the center.
5. PHYSICAL AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES
Although high conductivity is an important feature of a good conductor,
there are other factors that must be considered. Silver maybe the most
conductive material but high cost and lack of physical strength makes it
inappropriate for commercial usage as wire and cable. Thus, the
dominant metals used for wires and cables are copper and aluminum.
5.1 Conductor Properties
Copper and aluminum has its own advantageous and
disadvantageous characteristics that affect its use under varying
circumstances. A comparison o f s o m e o f the characteristics of
copper and aluminum is given in Table 4.

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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table 4: Comparative Characteristics of Copper and Aluminum
o
CHARACTERISTICS (20 C)
Ultimate Tensile Strength (MN/m2 )
soft temper
H to H
Hardness (DPHN)
soft
H to H
Weight
for the same conductivity (kg.)
Cross section for the same conductivity
(mm2)
Weight Resistivity(Ohms-g/m2)

COPPER

ALUMINUM

225
385

70-90
125-205

50
115
45.4

20-25
30-40
21.8

0.05

0.08

0.153280

0.076149

Volume Resistivity (Ohms- mm2/m)

0.017241

0.028172

0.00393

0.00404

3.8
17.0 x 10-6

2.4
23.0 x 10-6

8890

2703

1,083

659

26

14

+/- 65

+/- 40

Temperature Coefficient of Resistance ( C)


Thermal Conductivity (W/cm C)
Coefficient of Thermal Expansion per C
Density (kg/m3)
o
Melting Point ( C)
Modulus of Elasticity (MN/m2)
Stress Fatigue Endurance Limit
(approximate) (MN/m2)

5.2 Tempers of Conductors


Drawing copper or aluminum rods into a wire results in the
hardening of the finished wire. This causes a soft temper rod to
become a hard temper wire. It may be desirable to utilize a
conductor of softer temper in cable construction. This can be
achieved through an annealing process during or after wire drawing
or stranding.
Annealing consists of heating the conductor to elevated
temperatures for specific time periods. This is usually done in an
oven or by continuous resistance annealing at the drawing
machine.
Copper can be provided in three (3) tempers based on ASTM
standards. These tempers are soft or annealed, medium-hard and
hard-drawn. Soft or annealed is the most often used temper for
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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


insulated conductors due to its flexibility. Medium hard-drawn and
hard-drawn tempers are most often used in overhead applications due
to their higher breaking strengths.
On the other hand, aluminum can be provided in five (5) tempers
based on ASTM standards as shown in the Table 5, below. Note
that the overlapping values showing the same conductor may
meet the temper requirements of two classifications.
Table 5 Tensile Strength of the Different Temper Classifications
of Aluminum
Classifications of 1350 Aluminum
Full Soft
Hard
Hard
Hard
Full Hard

(H-0)
(H-12 or H-22)
(H-14 or H-24)
(H-16 or H-26)
(H-19)

Tensile Strength
(in kg/cm2)
597.6 to 984.3
843.7 to 1195.3
1054.7 to 1406.2
1195.3 to 1546.8
1582 to 2039

Three quarters and full hard are the most common tempers used
with 1350 aluminum for insulated conductors. Full hard drawn
temper is most often used in overhead applications due its higher
breaking strengths.
5.3 Conductor Direct Current (DC) Resistance
The DC resistance (Rdc) of a conductor of uniform cross section can be
computed as:

where, l =
A=
=

length of the conductor, meters (m)


cross-sectional area of the conductor, square meters
(m2)
(Greek: rho) electrical resistivity (also called specific
electrical resistance) of the material, ohm-meters (-m)
for copper is 1.678 x 10-8 -m at 20C
for aluminum is 2.65 x 10-8 -m at 20C
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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual

Since resistance is temperature dependent, conversion of a given


resistance at a specified temperature to another is given by these
formulas:
Copper:
where, R2 =
R1 =

Aluminum:
conductor resistance at temperature T2 in C
conductor resistance at temperature T1 in C

These formulas are based on the resistance coefficient of copper


having 100% conductivity and aluminum having 61.2% conductivity
based on International Annealed Copper Standard (IACS).

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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table 6 - DC Resistance in Ohms Per Kilometer at 25oC
Size
AWG or
kcmil

Solid
Copper
*Uncoated

Aluminum

8
6
4
3
2
1
1/0
2/0
3/0
4/0
250
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700
750
800
900

2.099
1.322
0.830
0.659
0.552
0.413
0.328
0.260
0.207
0.164

3.444
2.168
1.361
1.079
0.856
0.679
0.538
0.426
0.338
0.269
0.228
0.190
0.162
0.142
0.126
0.114

Concentric Lay Stranded


Copper
Aluminum
*Uncoated
Class B, C
Class B, C
2.139
3.510
1.348
2.214
0.846
1.391
0.672
1.102
0.531
0.872
0.423
0.692
0.335
0.551
0.266
0.436
0.211
0.344
0.167
0.274
0.141
0.232
0.118
0.194
0.101
0.166
0.088
0.145
0.079
0.129
0.071
0.116
0.064
0.105
0.059
0.097
0.054
0.089
0.051
0.083
0.047
0.077
0.044
0.072
0.039
0.064

1000

0.035

0.058

*Uncoated without tin or lead covering

The resistance values of the different conductor sizes in


Table 6 are applicable only when Direct Current (DC) is
flowing through the conductors.

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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


5.4 Conductor AC Resistance
When Alternating Current (AC), at sixty Hertz (60 Hz), is flowing
through said conductors, the DC resistance values have to be
multiplied with the corresponding correction factor (Table 7) to
obtain the AC resistance values of the different conductor sizes.
Table 7 - Multiplying Factors for Converting D.C. to A.C.
Resistance

Size

Up to 3
2
1
0
00
000
0000
250
300
350
400
500
600
700
750
800
1000
1250
1500
1750
2000

Multiplying Factor
For Non-metallic Sheathed For Metallic Sheathed
Cables in Air or Non- Cables or all Cables in
metallic Conduit
Metallic Raceways
Copper
Aluminum Copper
Aluminum
1.000
1.000
1.00
1.00
1.000
1.000
1.01
1.00
1.000
1.000
1.01
1.00
1.001
1.000
1.02
1.00
1.001
1.001
1.03
1.00
1.002
1.001
1.04
1.01
1.004
1.002
1.05
1.01
1.005
1.002
1.06
1.02
1.006
1.003
1.07
1.02
1.009
1.004
1.08
1.03
1.011
1.005
1.10
1.04
1.018
1.007
1.13
1.06
1.025
1.010
1.16
1.08
1.034
1.013
1.19
1.11
1.039
1.015
1.21
1.12
1.044
1.017
1.22
1.14
1.067
1.026
1.30
1.19
1.102
1.040
1.41
1.27
1.142
1.058
1.53
1.36
1.185
1.079
1.67
1.46
1.233
1.100
1.82
1.56

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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


If a conductor is carrying high alternating current, the distribution of
the current is not evenly distributed throughout the cross-section
of the conductor. This is due to two independent effects known as
Skin Effect and Proximity Effect.
5.4.1 Skin effect
Skin Effect is a natural phenomena in wires wherein alternating
electric current (AC) tends to distribute itself within a conductor
so that the current density near the surface of the conductor is
greater than at its core. That is, the electric current tends to flow
at the skin of the conductor, at an average depth called the
skin depth. The skin effect causes the effective resistance of the
conductor to increase with the frequency of the current. The
higher the frequency the smaller is the skin depth. The skin
effect is due to eddy currents set up by the AC current. The
magnitude of the skin effect is influenced by the frequency, the
size of the conductor, the amount of current flowing, and the
diameter of the conductor.
Skin depth varies as the inverse square root of the conductivity
of the conductor material. This means that better conductors
have a reduced skin depth. The overall resistance of the better
conductor material is lower even though the skin depth is less.
This tends to reduce the difference in high frequency resistance
between metals of different conductivity. At 60 Hertz (Hz) in
copper, skin depth is about a centimeter. At higher frequencies,
skin depth is much smaller.
Likewise, skin depth also varies as the inverse square root of the
permeability (which is a macroscopic material property that
relates or is the ratio of the magnetic flux density to the strength
of the magnetic field that induces it) of the conductor material.
In the case of iron, its conductivity is about 1/7 that of copper.
Its permeability, however, is about 10,000 times greater. The
skin depth of iron is about 1/38 that of copper or about
220 micrometers at 60 Hz. Iron wire, therefore, is worthless as a
conductor at power line frequencies.
Methods to minimize skin effect include using specially woven
(braided) cable/wire and using hollow pipe-shaped conductors.
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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual

5.4.2 Proximity Effect


The Proximity Effect is associated with the magnetic fields of
two conductors, which are close together. If each carries a
current in the same direction, the halves of the conductor in
close proximity are cut by more magnetic flux than the remote
halves. Consequently, the current distribution is not even
throughout the cross-section, a greater proportion being carried
by the remote halves. If the currents are in opposite direction,
the halves in closer proximity carry the greater density of
current. In both cases, the overall effect results in an increase in
the effective resistance of the conductor. The proximity effect
decreases with the increase in the spacing between cables.
Skin and Proximity Effects can be ignored with small
conductors carrying low currents. They become increasingly
significant with larger conductors and it is often desirable for
technical and economic
reasons
to
design
the
conductors/cables to minimize them. Values of skin and
proximity effects can be computed based on the formulas
provided by IEC 60287-1-1.
5.5 Cables in Magnetic Metal Conduit
Due to excessive hysteresis and eddy currents, all phases of an AC
circuit should be installed in the same magnetic metal conduits.
Never install individual phases in separate metal conduits under any
circumstances due to the high inductance of such installation. Also,
separate phases should not pass through magnetic structures since
overheating would occur in such situation. All phases should pass
through a magnetic enclosure together in order that there will be a
cancellation of the resultant magnetic field. However, the proximity
of the magnetic material will increase the skin and proximity effect.
Thus, there can be significant losses when large conductors are near
magnetic materials.
Large cable sizes from 100 mm2 or larger should not be installed in
separate non-magnetic metal conduit due to the high circulating
currents in the conduit. The ampacity of the cables should be derated in such condition.
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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual

5.6 Resistance at Higher Frequency


Ampacity and resistance of cables to be operated at frequencies
higher than 60 hertz should be corrected. The inductive reactance
increases at high frequencies which may affect the voltage drop.
Insulated conductors should not be installed in metallic conduits or
run close to magnetic materials.
The correction factor for the resistance at frequencies other than 60
hertz is provided as follows:

where, f =
Rdc =

frequency in hertz
conductor DC resistance at operating temperature
in Ohm/1000 ft

6. INSULATION
Insulation is that part of the cable or wire which is relied upon to
insulate the conductor from other conductors or conducting parts or
from ground. Insulating materials are usually classified according to the
temperature they are able to withstand. The applied insulation must
perform adequately in the specified temperature range and its dielectric
strength should be sufficient to sustain the electrical stresses.
There are many insulating materials used in producing the various
cables to deliver electric power depending on their temperature limits,
such as cotton, silk, paper, mica, glass fiber, asbestos, rubber, silicone
elastomer, etc. Sometimes insulating materials, such as cotton, silk and
paper are impregnated or coated with a dielectric liquid, such as oil, to
enhance their insulating capabilities.

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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Cable insulation should have the following properties:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

High Dielectric strength


Low Dielectric Constant
Good mechanical capability
Resistance to ageing
High temperature withstandability

In recent times, synthetic polymers have replaced natural materials such


as paper, mineral oil and natural rubber for the insulation of wires/cables
and for the over-sheathing of cables. The range of polymers available is
extensive and variations in chemical composition enable specific
mechanical, electrical and thermal properties to be obtained. Where
appropriate, these properties may be further modified by the addition of
specific fillers, plasticizers, softness extenders, colorants, antioxidants
and many other ingredients.
In the cable industry, the term polymeric material is taken to signify
polymers which are rubbers or plastics. Rubbers are considered to be
solid materials, with elastic properties, which are made from latex
derived from living plants or synthetically and used in the
manufacture of rubber products. Plastics, on the other hand, are
materials based on synthetic or modified natural polymers which at
some stage of manufacture can be formed to shape by flow, aided in
many cases by heat and pressure. These two material groups are the
dominant means of insulating wires and cables.
6.1 Elastomers
An elastomer is a material which returns rapidly to approximately its
initial shape after substantial deformation at room temperature by a
weak stress and release of that stress. In cable technology, the terms
rubber and elastomer are used synonymously and
interchangeably, although rubber to some implies natural rubber.
Elastomeric materials are used for insulation and sheaths. They are
applied mainly where the product has to be particularly flexible. A
wide range of elastomers are nowadays available to the cable
industry. This makes possible the manufacture of compounds
with specific properties, such as abrasion and oil resistance,
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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


weather and heat resistance, and flame resistance, combined with
good electrical and mechanical characteristics.
The classical elastomeric material, natural rubber (NR), was the
first insulation to be used in the manufacture of electric cable. Its use
as an insulation has been declining in recent years. Rubber gave way
to other insulating materials like impregnated paper, PVC, XLPE,
etc. Rubber, though, is still considered the preferred
insulation for flexible cables and cables where very small bending
diameter is desired. Rubbers for cable insulation and sheath,
whether natural or synthetic, are normally crosslinked.
In place of rubber, synthetic elastomers produced by the copolymerization of ethylene and propylene, are constantly finding
new areas of application in cable engineering. These copolymers are generally known as Ethylene-propylene rubber (EPR).
Because of its superior performance, with suitability for continuous
operation at 90C, EPR has gradually displaced butyl rubber for
insulation and is now being considered as over sheath material for
cable.
Polychloroprene (PCP), otherwise known as neoprene, was the first
commercial synthetic rubber. It has rarely been used by itself for
insulation but is often used blended with natural rubber. Its major
use is as a very tough flexible sheathing material.
Polychloroprene compounds have good abrasion and tear
resistance together with good resistance to swelling and to chemical
attack by a wide range of natural oils and aliphatic hydrocarbons.
They do not normally support combustion
Chlorosulphonated polyethylene rubber (CSP, CSM) have
superior electrical properties to compounds based on PCP and are
particularly advantageous for insulation and sheathing which is
required to be oil resistant. CSP also has good resistance to ozone
and weathering. When blended with EVA or EPR and filled with a
suitable carbon black, CSP compounds provide a strippable
dielectric screening material for XLPE and EPR cables in the 1030kV range.
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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber (NBR/PVC blends) is the
product of the co-polymerization of acrylonitrile with butadiene.
This range of polymers is characterized by good oil resistance. The
addition of PVC improves resistance to ozone, weathering and
abrasion. By suitable choice of plasticizers, improved
processability and flame retardance are also obtained. These
materials are used solely for sheathing.
Fluorocarbon rubbers find application for sheathing where very
good resistance to oils is required at high temperatures. The best
known material is a copolymer of vinylidene fluoride and
hexafluoropropylene (Viton).
Ethylene-acrylic elastomers (EMA) are heat- and oil-resistant
non-halogen synthetic rubbers which can be compounded to
resist ignition in the presence of flame and have low smoke
generation when burned. They are suitable for service
temperatures of 40-170C.
Silicone rubber is a material made from silicon and oxygen noted for
high heat resistance. This is very soft thermoset insulation extremely
flexible and fire resistant. It has excellent electrical properties plus
ozone and resistance, low moisture absorption, weather resistance,
and radiation resistance. It typically has low mechanical strength and
poor scratch resistance.
Table 8 shows the properties of thermoset insulation and jacket
materials

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SYNTHETIC RUBBER

POLY BUTADIENE

NEOPRENE

HYPALON
CHLOROSULFONATED
POLYETHYLENE (CSPE)

NITRILE//POLYCHLORIDE
(NBR/PVC)

ETHYLENE PROPYLENE
RUBBER (EPR)

CROSS-LINKED
POLYETHYLENE (XLPE)

CHLORINATED
POLYETHYLENE (CPE)

F-G

Oxidation Resistance
Heat Resistance
Oil Resistance

SILICONE RUBBER

NATURAL RUBBER

OR

STYRENE BUTADIENE
RUBBER (SBR)

INSULATION
JACKET
MATERIAL

NITRILE OR RUBBER
BUTADIENE NITRILE (NBR)

Table 8: Properties of Thermoset Insulation and Jacket Materials

G-E

G-E

F-G

F-G

F-G

G-E

F-G

G-E

Abrasion Resistance

G-E

G-E

G-E

F-G

G-E

Electrical Properties

F-G

Flame Resistance

F-G

F-G

F-G

F-G

F-G

Water Resistance

G-E

G-E

G-E

G-E

G-E

G-E

G-E

Acid Resistance

F-G

F-G

F-G

F-G

G-E

G-E

F-G

Alkali Resistance

F-G

F-G

F-G

F-G

F-G

G-E

G-E

F-G

Gasoline,
Kerosene,
Etc.
(Aliphatic
Hydrocarbons)
Resistance

G-E

P-F

Benzol, Toluol, Etc.


(Aromatic
Hydrocarbons)
Resistance

P-F

Degreaser
Solvents
(Halogenated
Hydrocarbons)
Resistance

P-F

P-G

Alcohol Resistance

F-G

G-E

Low Temp. Flexibility


Weather,
Resistance

Sun

Ozone Resistance

Nuclear
Resistance

P = Poor

Radiation

F = Fair

G = Good

E = Excellent

26

O = Outstanding

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


6.2 Plastics
Plastics may be further divided into thermoplastics and thermosets.
A thermoplastic is a material in which the molecules are held
together by physical rather than chemical bonds. This means that
once the material is above its melting point it can flow. The process
is reversible and upon cooling the material hardens. The molecules
in a thermoset are held together by chemical bonds which are not
easily broken. This means that on heating the polymer does not
soften sufficiently to be reshaped. Typical examples are crosslinked
polyethylene (XLPE) and elastomers. Unlike thermoplastics,
thermosets are insoluble and infusible, i.e. it will not fuse together.
Many thermoplastics may be converted to thermosets by appropriate
treatment to induce crosslinking, e.g. by the addition of a suitable
chemical crosslinking agent or by irradiation.
6.2.1 Thermoplastics
Thermoplastics are the most popular insulating materials for low
voltage wires and cables due to lower in cost and lighter weight.
Some of the most popularly used are discuss below.
Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC)
Polyvinyl Chloride, also called vinyl, is a thermoplastic material
introduced in 1932. Since then, PVC has become the standard
insulation used on wires and cables rated at 1000 volts or less.
Vinyl compounds are mechanical mixtures of PVC resin,
plasticizers, fillers, stabilizers, and modifiers. The quantity and
type of each ingredient determines the final properties of the
compound.
PVC compounds can be formatted to provide a broad range of
properties from the standpoint of electrical, physical and
chemical characteristics. However, in achieving superiority in
one property, the other properties are usually compromised. The
goal, therefore, is to optimize the critical property or properties
without allowing secondary properties to fall below acceptable
levels.
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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual

PVC has a high dielectric strength and good insulation


resistance. It is inherently tough and resistant to flame, moisture
and abrasion. Resistance to ozone, acids, alkalis, alcohols, and
most solvents are also adequate. PVC compounds can be made
resistant to oils and gasoline. Its temperature ratings range from
60C to 105C based on basic formulation.
Disadvantage of PVC include a relatively high dielectric
constant and dissipation factor. Plasticizer loss through
evaporation or leeching eventually may cause embrittlement and
cracking. PVC compounds significantly stiffen as temperatures
decline, and are not generally recommended for uses which
require flexing below -10C. However, special formulations
have been developed which will allow flexing to up to -40C.
Polyethylene
Polyethylene is a long chain hydrocarbon thermoplastic material
which is produced by the polymerization of ethylene gas under
high or low pressure. PE is popular because of its relatively low
price, processability, resistance to chemicals and moisture,
electrical properties, and low temperature flexibility. PE is
produced in low, linear low, medium, and high densities. As the
density increases, so does the hardness, yield strength, stiffness,
heat, and chemical resistance.
PEs electrical properties are excellent. Typical values for a
natural, unfilled insulation compound include a volume
resistivity of greater than 1016 ohm-cm, a dielectric constant of
2.3, a dissipation factor of 0.0002, and a water absorption of less
than 0.1%. However, if PE cables are exposed to sunlight,
carbon black or a suitable inhibitor is added to screen out ultraviolet (UV) radiation. UV radiation can degrade both the
physical and electrical properties of the insulation.
A disadvantage of PE is that, like most plastics, it is susceptible
to degradation from treeing when it is subjected, to high
electrical stress. Treeing is a phenomenon occurring within the
cable, when subjected to medium to high voltages, wherein the
28

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


breakdown of the insulation due to ionization occurs through the
formation of carbonaceous fronds on the insulation due to the
presence of water or voids during the extrusion of the insulation
material at cable construction. The carbonaceous paths start at an
almost imperceptible carbon core, generally at the conductor
surface, and gradually spread outwards through the insulation,
increasing in width and complexity as progression takes place.
Corona discharges and treeing may lead to premature cable
failure.
Polypropylene
Polypropylene is a thermoplastic insulating compound with
characteristics similar to high density polyethylene with
improved heat resistance, tensile strength, and abrasion
resistance. Polypropylene also has a lower specific gravity and
lower dielectric constant than polyethylene. Polypropylene has
good impact strength, low moisture absorption, excellent
chemical resistance, high creepage resistance, and is useful in
high frequency applications. It retains these excellent properties
in cellular constructions. Typically, it is harder than
polyethylene. This makes it suitable for thin wall insulations.
Polyurethane
Polyurethane is a broad class of polymers noted for good
abrasion and solvent resistance which can be in solid or cellular
form. This thermoplastic material is used primarily as a cable
jacket material. It has excellent oxidation, oil, and ozone
resistance. Some formulations also have good flame resistance. It
is a hard material with excellent abrasion resistance. It has
outstanding "memory" properties, making it an ideal jacket
material for retractile cords.
Teflon
Teflon is an extremely reliable high temperature, low voltage
insulation often chosen for its non-aging characteristics, thin
wall insulating capability, resistance to chemicals and abrasion
resistance. Also, important is its low dielectric constant and low
29

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


power factor. There are two (2) types-Tetrafluorethylene TFE,
and Fluorinatedethylenepropylene FEP. Teflon is not damaged
by normal soldering operations. It is not suitable when subjected
to nuclear radiation and does not have good high voltage
characteristics.TFE insulation in tape form (often fused) is
widely used and can be provided in very long lengths. Type FEP
can be extruded in long, continuous lengths and is readily color
coded for use in control and instrumentation cables.
Tefzel
Tefzel ETFE is a melt processible fluorocarbon thermoplastic
combining many of the desirable properties of Teflon and Kynar
rated at 150C. Mechanically it is tough with excellent flex life,
impact, cut-through, abrasion and weather resistant. Electrically
it is an excellent low loss dielectric and has outstanding electrical
properties. It is inert to most solvents and chemicals and is
hydrolytically stable. Like irradiated polyethylene, it has
excellent resistance to high-energy radiation.
Table 9 shows the properties of thermoplastic insulation and
jacket materials.

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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual

POLYVINYL
CHLORIDE (PVC)

LOW-DENSITY
POLYTHYLENE

CELLULAR
POLYTHYLENE

HIGH-DENSITY
POLYTHYLENE

POLYPROPYLENE

CELLULAR
POLYPROPYLENE

POLYUTETHANE

NYLON

CPE

TEFLON (FEP)

TEFLON (TPE)

TEFZEL (ETFE)

Table 9: Properties of Thermoplastic Insulation and Jacket Materials

G-E

G-E

G-E

E-O

P-G

G-E

Abrasion Resistance

F-G

F-G

F-G

E-O

Electrical Properties

F-G

Flame Resistance

Nuclear
Radiation
Resistance

G-E

G-E

F-G

P-G

Water Resistance

F-G

P-G

P-F

Acid Resistance

G-E

G-E

G-E

P-E

Alkali Resistance

G-E

G-E

G-E

Gasoline, Kerosene,
Etc.
(Aliphatic
Hydrocarbons)
Resistance

G-E

G-E

P-F

P-G

Benzol, Toluol, Etc.


(Aromatic
Hydrocarbons)
Resistance

P-F

P-F

P-G

G-E

Degreaser Solvents
(Halogenated
Hydrocarbons)
Resistance

P-F

P-G

Alcohol Resistance

G-E

P-G

INSULATION
JACKET
MATERIAL

OR

Oxidation Resistance
Heat Resistance
Oil Resistance
Low
Flexibility

Temp.

Weather,
Resistance

Sun

Ozone Resistance

P = Poor

F = Fair

G = Good

E = Excellent

31

O = Outstanding

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


6.2.2 Thermosetting
Most plastic insulations are thermoplastics, except for
crosslinked polyethylene which is the predominant insulation for
medium and high voltage cables. Other thermosetting insulation
materials are elastomers.
Crosslinked Polyethylene (XLPE)
Crosslinked polyethylene is a thermoset material produced by
compounding polyethylene or a copolymer of ethylene and vinyl
acetate (EVA) with a crosslinking agent, usually an organic
peroxide. The individual molecules of polyethylene join together
during a curing process to form an interconnected network. The
terms cure and vulcanize are often similarly used to
designate crosslinking.
While the use of peroxide as the crosslinking agent means that
only low density polyethylene can operate at higher temperatures
than cables produced with thermoplastic or non-crosslinked
polyethylene.
Crosslinking also significantly improves the physical properties
of the polyethylene. Additives tend to reduce the electrical
properties of the insulation. This is the reason that EVA
copolymer is used only for low voltage applications. For medium
voltage applications, crosslinked polyethylene fares well because
the dielectric strength of the unfilled crosslinked polyethylene is
about the same as that of thermoplastic polyethylene. Impulse
strengths of 2700 V/mil are common.
For low voltage applications, the addition of fillers, in particular,
medium thermal carbon black, provides increases in tensile
strength and hardness. It also provides the necessary ultraviolet
protection for outdoor applications without the use of a jacket.
The EVA copolymer is well suited to accepting up to a 30%
loading of medium thermal carbon black. Between 2 and 3
percent of very small particle size furnace carbon black is
incorporated into the polyethylene if sunlight resistance is
required without significantly reducing the electrical properties.
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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual

XLPE insulated cables may be operated continuously at a


conductor temperature of 90C and intermittently at 130C
during emergency conditions. XLPE has good low temperature
properties, shows increased resistance to corona when compared
with thermoplastic polyethylene, and has good impact, abrasion,
and environmental stress crack resistance.
Recent technology has resulted in XLPE insulation compounds
that are resistant to degradation from treeing. Two processes are
available for imparting tree resistance to the compound. One
involves additives and the other involves copolymer technology.
Additives tend to reduce the electrical properties of the
polyethylene insulation and one finds slightly lower values for
dielectric strength and slightly higher dissipation factor when
comparing the tree retardant insulations to the standard material.
For general purpose low voltage cables, it is possible to
incorporate up to 30% calcium carbonate into XLPE to reduce
the cost. However, to maintain the best electrical properties,
especially when immersed in water, the filled compound should
not be used.
In the Philippines, compounds incorporating approximately 30%
thermal carbon black are used. These have the advantage of
improved resistance to hot deformation and cut-through
resistance.
6.3 Insulation Resistance
In order that a reasonable factor of safety may be provided, the
following insulation resistance is suggested as a guide, where the
insulation is subjected to test:
a) For circuits of 2.0 mm2 or 3.5 mm2 conductors 500,000
ohms;
b) For circuits of 5.5 mm2 or larger conductors, a resistance
based upon the allowable ampacity of conductors as
follows:
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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual

25 to 50 amperes, inclusive
51 to 100 amperes, inclusive
101 to 200 amperes, inclusive
201 to 400 amperes, inclusive
401 to 800 amperes, inclusive
Over 800 amperes

250,000 ohms
100,000 ohms
50,000 ohms
25,000 ohms
12,000 ohms
5,000 ohms

The above listed values shall apply to installations with


voltage of 600 V or less. For voltages above 600 V, the
minimum insulation resistance shall be 1,000,000 ohms per
thousand volts or a fraction thereof. The foregoing is to be
determined with all fixtures, switches, receptacles, and
wiring devices in place and connected.
c)

Where climatic conditions are such that the wiring or


equipment is exposed to excessive humidity, it may be
necessary to modify the foregoing provisions.

6.4 Thermal Characteristics


Selection of the right insulation materials depends on the expected
operating temperature which the wire or cable will be subjected. The
nominal operating temperature in C of some the insulation materials
are shown in Figure 2, below.
-20
-55

PVC (Standard)

80

PVC (Premium)

105

-60

Polythylene

80

-40

Polypropylene

105

-40

XLPE

130

-60
-40

105

Hypalon (CSPE)

-40

105

EVA

-40

105

-65

CPE
Silicone Rubber

200

-70
-100

EPR

150

Teflon

260
0

100

200

300

Figure 2: Nominal Temperature Range of Wire Insulations in C


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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual

7. CABLE DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION


An insulated cable appears to be a relatively simple electrical device but,
in fact, it can be considered an electrical system with many components.
To understand it, let us examine its components and basics of operation.
For simplicity, the following discussion shall be confined to a single
conductor cable. However, these fundamentals also apply to multipleconductor cables.
The basic components of an insulated cable are the following:
a) Conductor materials that transmits electrical energy
b) Shielding also referred to as screening, are used for medium to
high voltage cables. Basically, the use of this stress control
layers is to achieve a symmetrical dielectric fields within the
cable structure. For some voltage levels, shielding may be
applied over the conductor. At higher voltage levels, it is applied
over the conductor and the insulation. This results in the
confining of all the voltage gradients to within the cable
structure if the shield over the insulation is essentially at
ground potential.
c) Primary Insulation or Dielectric prevents leakage of current
from the conductor to the surroundings. It protects life and
prevents damage resulting from electrical discharge. It also
physically protects the conductor.
d) Jacket also called sheaths, serve several purposes such as they
provide mechanical, thermal, chemical, and environmental
protection to the insulated conductors they enclosed, act as
electrical insulation when used over shields or armor, ease
installation and routing concerns by enclosing multiple insulated
conductors. They may also protect the characteristics of the
underlying insulation. For example, a thin nylon jacket over
PVC enhances the abrasion and fluid resistance of a 600V cable.
Sheathing may also include various forms of metallic armoring,
tapes, or wires to enhance the physical properties of the cable
and to provide a built-in protective electrically grounded conduit
for the insulated conductors. Commonly used jacketing materials
include extrusions of PE, PVC and Nylon. PVC, Nylon and PE
35

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


are applied using thermoplastic extrusion lines which heat the
material to the melting point and form it over the core. The
material is then cooled, usually in a water trough, and wound
onto a reel. Some heat is used to soften the material so that it can
be formed around the core. It is then necessary to crosslink the
material to obtain its full properties.
Depending on the customer requirement and/or the application, a cable
may be composed of a couple of the above-stated components or all of it.
For special cases, additional sheathing or armoring may be required.
An illustration of the construction and components of a medium voltage
power cable is shown below.

Figure 3: Construction of a Medium Voltage Power Cable

8. LOW VOLTAGE WIRES AND CABLES


Classification of voltage level seems to be arbitrary in most cases since
many standard governing bodies in the world do not agree as to the
divisions in the voltage level. IEC define low voltage as those 1000 volts
and below while ICEA define low voltage to be 2000 volts and below.
NEC and IEEE define low voltage as 600 volts and below.
Primarily all low voltage wires and cables are insulated except those
used as neutral or grounding wire. With reference to their cable
construction, they are non-shielded cable.
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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


There are two basic components in a non-shielded cable. They are the
conductor and the electrical insulation, sometimes referred to as the
dielectric. A third component used in some cable designs is an outer
jacket. The figure below shows the construction of a low-voltage nonshielded cable.

Figure 4: Low-Voltage Non-Shielded Cable Construction

Conductor
The conductor material can be copper or aluminum with either a solid or
stranded.
The primary reason for the use of stranded conductors is improved
flexibility. The stranded conductors can be compressed or compacted to
achieve desired flexibility, diameter, and load current density. For the
conductor size, there are diameter differences between solid and the
various types of stranded conductors. This is an important consideration
in the selection of connectors and in the methods of splicing and
terminating.
Electrical Insulation or Dielectric
The electrical insulation must provide adequate physical and electrical
protection between the energized conductor and the nearest electrical
ground to prevent electrical breakdowns. For low voltage cables, 600
volts and below, the insulation thickness required to provide the necessary
physical protection against damage is more than adequate to provide the
necessary dielectric strength.
37

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual

Another consideration in the design and application of cables is the


dielectric field. In all electrical cables, irrespective of their voltage
ratings, there is a dielectric field present when the conductor is energized.
This dielectric field is typically represented by electrostatic flux lines and
equipotential lines between the conductor and electrical ground.
When a conductor is energized there are electrostatic lines of flux created
within the dielectric. The density of these flux lines is dependent upon the
magnitude of the potential difference between the conductor and electrical
ground.
The distance between the equipotential lines represents a voltage
differential in the insulation. For a given voltage differential, these lines
are closer together nearer the conductor.

Electrostatic Flux Lines

Equipotential Lines

Figure 5: Electrical Field of a Non-Shielded Cable


Above figure represents the electrical field of a non-shielded cables
contact with a ground plane. It does not take into account the difference in
the dielectric constants of the insulation and the surrounding air.
Observe that the electrostatic flux lines are crowded in the insulation
closest to the ground. Also, the equipotential lines are eccentric in their
relationship to the conductor and the cable dielectric surface. This
distortion of the fields is acceptable if the dielectric strength of the
cable insulation is adequate to resist the concentration of the dielectric
stresses. Low voltage non-shielded cables are usually designed to meet
this requirement.
Jacket/Sheaths
For special applications, a jacket is applied over the insulation. There are
several materials available for use as jackets to provide the necessary
chemical, physical, or thermal protection required by the application.
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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Low voltage wires and cables are primarily divided into two major
groups, the building wires and secondary and service drop wires.
8.1 Building Wires
Building wires comprises the largest group of low voltage wires and
cables which is primarily used in all residential, commercial and
industrial buildings. In the Philippines, the most common types of
these building wires are the following:
8.1.1 Building Wires Types and Application
TW (Thermoplastic Moisture-Resistant)
The TW conductors are solid or stranded annealed (soft) copper,
insulated with a moisture resistant and flame retardant polyvinyl
compound (PVC). TW wire is used in interior wiring at circuit
voltages up to 600 volts. Maximum operating temperature is
60C in dry or wet application. Type TW building wire is used in
residential, commercial and industrial buildings for generalpurpose lighting, appliance, power, control and relay panel
applications. It is used for low ampacity rated circuits. This type
of wire may be installed in conduits, ducts or raceways. Type TW
wire is also suitable for installations in ambient temperatures
down to -10C.
THW (Thermoplastic Heat and Moisture Resistant)
The THW conductors are solid or stranded annealed (soft)
copper, insulated with a tough heat and moisture resistant, and
flame retardant polyvinyl compound (PVC). It is used in interior
wiring at circuit voltages up to 600 volts. Maximum operating
temperature is 75C in dry or wet application. It can be used for
general-purpose lighting, appliance, power, control and relay
panel applications. It is also applicable as machine tool wire and
appliance wiring material. It is used for medium ampacity rated
circuits. This type of wire may be installed in conduits, ducts or
raceways.
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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


THHN/THWN (Thermoplastic Heat and Moisture Resistant Wire
with Nylon Jacket)
The THHN/THWN conductors are solid or stranded annealed
(soft) copper, insulated with a tough heat and moisture resistant,
and flame retardant polyvinyl compound (PVC) with oil,
chemical, and abrasion resistant nylon (polyamide) jacket. It is
used in interior wiring at circuit voltages up to 600 volts.
Maximum operating temperature is 90C for dry applications
(THHN) and 75C for wet applications (THWN). It can be used
for general-purpose lighting, power, control and relay panel
applications. It is also applicable for machine tool wire and
appliance wiring material. It is used for high ampacity rated
circuits. This type of wire may be installed in conduits, ducts or
raceways.
The other types of conductor applications and insulations are
shown in Annex B.
8.1.2 Building Wires Sizes and Ampacity
Size and ampacity of building wires are given in Tables 10 and
11, with reference to the Philippines Electrical Code based on an
ambient temperature of 30C. Use appropriate correction factor
specified in the Philippine Electrical Code for ambient
temperature other than 30C.

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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table 10: Allowable Ampacities of Single-Insulated Conductors Rated
0 Through 2 000 Volts in Free Air, Based on Ambient Air
Temperature of 30C
Temperature Rating of Conductor
75C
90C
60C
75C
90C
Types
Types
TBS, SA,
TBS, SA,
SIS, FEP,
SIS, RHH,
Types
FEPB,
RHW-2,
RHW,
MI,
Types
THHN,
THHW, RHH,
RHW, THHW,
THW, RHW-2,
THHW, THW-2,
Conductor Types THWN, THHN, Types THW, THWN-2,
TW, XHHW, THHW, TW, THWN, USE-2,
Size
UF
ZW
mm2
THW-2, UF XHHW
XHH,
(mm dia.)
COPPER
ALUMINUM
2 (1.6)
25
30
35
3.5 (2)
30
35
40
25
30
35
5.5 (2.6)
40
50
55
35
40
40
8 (3.2)
55
65
75
45
50
55
14
80
95
105
65
80
85
22
105
130
140
85
105
115
30
130
160
170
95
115
130
38
155
185
195
115
135
155
50
180
220
235
135
165
185
60
205
250
260
155
185
210
80
250
300
320
185
225
255
100
290
355
370
220
265
295
125
335
400
420
260
310
350
150
375
440
475
295
355
400
175
410
495
560
325
390
440
200
440
540
570
345
410
465
250
505
620
655
405
485
545
325
600
720
770
475
560
640
375
645
775
875
510
615
690
400
675
810
875
530
640
725
500
770
930
995
620
745
835
60C

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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table 11: Allowable Ampacities of Insulated Conductors Rated 0
Through 2 000 Volts, 60C Through 90C. Not More Than
Three Current-Carrying Conductors in Raceway, Cable, or
Earth (Directly Buried), Based on Ambient Temperature of
30C
Temperature Rating of Conductor
60C

Conductor
Size mm2
(mm dia.)

75C

90C

60C

75C

90C

Types TBS,
SA, SIS, FEP,
Types TBS,
FEPB, MI,
SA, SIS,
RHH, RHWRHH, RHW2, THHN,
2, THHN,
THHW,
THHW,
THW-2,
THW-2,
Types RHW, THWN-2,
Types RHW, THWN-2,
THHW, USE-2, XHH,
THHW, USE-2, XHH,
THW,
XHHW,
THW,
XHHW,
Types
THWN,
XHHW-2,
Types
THWN,
XHHW-2,
TW, UF XHHW, ZW
ZW-2
TW, UF
XHHW
ZW-2
COPPER

ALUMINUM

2 (1.6)
3.5 (2)
5.5 (2.6)
8 (3.2)

20
25
30
40

20
25
35
50

25
30
40
55

20
25
30

20
30
40

25
35
45

14
22
30
38

55
70
90
100

65
85
110
125

70
90
115
130

40
55
65
75

50
65
80
90

65
80
90
105

50
60
80
100

120
135
160
180

145
160
195
220

150
170
205
225

95
100
120
140

110
120
145
170

125
135
165
190

125
150
175
200
250

210
240
260
280
315

255
280
305
330
375

265
295
345
355
400

165
185
205
220
255

200
225
245
265
305

225
250
275
.300
345

325
375
400
500

370
395
405
445

435
470
485
540

470
530
515
580

305
315
335
370

365
380
405
440

410
430
460
495

Apply appropriate adjustment factors if more than three (3) current carrying conductors in
a raceway or cable with reference to the Philippine Electrical Code.

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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual

8.1.3 Resistances and Reactances


Resistances and reactances of copper wires in magnetic and nonmagnetic conduits are given by Table 12, below:
Table 12: Copper Conductor Resistance and Reactance Data Line-toneutral, m/100 meter
Three-Single Conductor Cables
In Magnetic Duct
Not In Magnetic Duct
Conductor
Size mm2
Resistance Reactance Resistance Reactance
(mm dia.)
"R"
"X"
"R"
"X"
Solid
2 (1.6)
846.24
24.63
846.24
19.48
3.5 (2)
528.08
22.83
528.08
18.07
5.5 (2.6)
331.28
22.11
331.28
17.52
8 (3.2)
216.15
19.88
216.15
15.91
Stranded
8
222.71
19.45
222.71
15.55
14
140.06
18.60
140.06
14.89
22
88.23
17.38
88.23
13.91
30
55.76
16.33
55.43
13.05
38
44.28
16.53
43.95
13.22
50
35.42
16.24
35.10
12.99
60
28.21
15.84
27.88
12.66
80
22.63
15.32
21.98
12.23
100
17.81
14.86
17.48
11.87
125
15.48
15.25
15.06
12.20
150
12.96
14.83
12.46
11.84
200
10.00
14.46
9.54
11.58
250
8.20
14.17
7.71
11.35
325
7.08
14.14
6.53
11.28
400
5.94
13.94
5.35
11.15
500
5.02
13.74
4.43
10.99
Note: Typical values, use exact values if available.

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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual

8.2 Secondary and Service Cables


These cables are used by Distribution Utilities in low voltage power
distribution. Both cables have the same construction; the difference is
in the application. Secondary cables are those that are connected to
the distribution transformer and traverses from pole to pole while
service drop cables are those that connect the customers service
entrance wires to the secondary cable or distribution transformer.
8.2.1 Overhead secondary and service cables
In the Philippines, majority of the distribution system are
overhead construction. Most overhead secondary and service
cables are multiplex cables with sizes that are typically based in
AWG. Cables are insulated by either polyethylene (PE) or
crosslinked polyethylene (XLPE) material. Basically, these cables
are classified based on the number of conductors twisted together
(e.g. duplex, triplex, and quadruplex cables).
8.2.2 Underground secondary and service cables
Underground secondary and service cables are conductors
installed in conduit or directly buried in the earth and enter the
building metering facilities, switch, or service equipment. Type
USE service cables are similar in construction to the general
power cables for direct burial in earth.
Tables 13 & 14 show the characteristics of the different types of
Multiplex Secondary and Services Copper and Aluminum Cables,
respectively. While, Tables 15 & 16 show the characteristics of
the types of Single Conductors for Underground Service for
Copper and Aluminum, respectively.

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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual

Table 13. Copper Multiplex Secondary and Services Cables


Phase Conductor
Code Word

Sizes
(# of
wires)

Neutral

Insulation
Thickness
(mils)

Sizes
(# of
wires)

Rated
Strength
(lbs.)

Cable
Weight
per 1000
ft (lbs)

529

Ampacity
PE

XLPE

95

70

85

DUPLEX
Theta

8 (7)

45

10 (1)

Kappa

8 (7)

45

8 (7)

777

114

70

85

Sigma

6 (7)

45

6 (7)

1228

177

90

110

TRIPLEX
Pica

8 (7)

45

10 (1)

529

158

70

85

Garamond

8 (7)

45

8 (7)

777

177

70

85

Gothic

6 (7)

45

6 (7)

1228

273

90

110

Casion

4 (7)

45

4 (7)

1938

425

115

145

Primer

2 (7)

45

4 (7)

1938

588

155

195

Century

2 (7)

45

2 (7)

3050

664

155

195

Corinthian

1/0 (19)

60

1/0 (7)

4752

1055

205

265

Doric

2/0 (19)

60

2/0 (7)

5926

1319

235

300

Tallahassee

6 (7)

45

6 (7)

1228

369

75

95

Richmond

4 (7)

45

4 (7)

1938

573

100

125

Seattle

2 (7)

45

2 (7)

3050

893

135

170

Nashville

1/0 (19)

60

1/0 (7)

4752

1420

180

230

Lincoln

2/0 (19)

60

2/0 (7)

5926

1773

205

265

Raleigh

3/0 (19)

60

3/0 (7)

7366

2220

235

305

Denver

4/0 (19)

60

4/0 (7)

9154

2781

270

350

QUADRUPLEX

Ampacity figures for black insulation only. Based on conductor temperature of 75C for
polyethylene insulated conductors, 90C for XLPE insulated conductors, ambient
temperature of 40C; 2 ft./sec. wind in sun. Source: Southwire

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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual

Table 14: Aluminum Multiplex Cables with ACSR Neutral Messenger


Phase Conductor
Code Word

Sizes
(# of
wires)

Neutral

Insulation
Thickness
(mils)

Sizes
(Stranding)

Rated
Strength
(lbs.)

Cable
Weight
per
1000 ft
(lbs)

Ampacity
PE

XLPE

DUPLEX
Shepherd

6 (7)

45

6 (6/1)

1190

75

70

85

Terrier

4 (7)

45

4 (6/1)

1860

115

90

115

Chow

2 (7)

45

2 (6/1)

2850

176

120

150

Bull

1/0 (9)

60

1/0 (6/1)

4380

280

160

205

Voluta

6 (7)

45

6 (6/1)

1190

114

70

85

Periwinkle

4 (7)

45

4 (6/1)

1860

172

90

115

TRIPLEX

Conch

2 (7)

45

2 (6/1)

2850

262

120

150

Neritina

1/0 (7)

60

1/0 (6/1)

4380

420

160

205

Cenia

1/0 (9)

60

1/0 (6/1)

4380

414

160

205

Runcina

2/0 (7)

60

2/0 (6/1)

5310

520

185

235

Triton

2/0 (11)

60

2/0 (6/1)

5310

512

185

235

Mursia

3/0 (17)

60

3/0 (6/1)

6620

635

215

275

Zuzara

4/0 (18)

60

8350

789

245

315

Limpet

336.4 (19)

60

8680

1167

325

420

Hackney

4 (7)

45

4 (6/1)

1860

229

80

100

Palomino

2 (7)

45

2 (6/1)

2850

347

105

135

Costena

1/0 (9)

60

1/0 (6/1)

4380

549

140

180

Grullo

2/0 (11)

60

2/0 (6/1)

5310

677

160

205

Suffolk

3/0 (17)

60

3/0 (6/1)

6620

837

185

235

Appaloosa

4/0 (18)

60

8350

1038

210

275

Bronco

336.4 (19)

60

4/0 (6/1)
336.4
(18/1)

8680

1568

280

370

4/0 (6/1)
336.4
(18/1)
QUADRUPLEX

Conductor temperature of 90C for XLPE, 75C for PE; ambient temperature of 40C;
emissivity 0.9; 2 ft./sec. wind in sun. Source: Southwire

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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual

Table 15: Single Copper Conductors for Underground Service

Size
(AWG
or
kcmil)

Number
of
Strands

Composite
InsulationThickness
(mils)

Composite
InsulationThickness
(mm)

Approx.
O.D.
(Inches)

Approx.
O.D.
(mm)

Approx.
Net
Weight
per
1000 ft.
(lbs)

14

45

1.14

0.16

4.06

14

45

1.14

0.17

12

45

1.14

12

45

10

45

10

Ampacity

90C

75C

23

15

15

4.57

25

15

15

0.18

4.57

32

20

20

1.14

0.19

4.83

34

20

20

1.14

0.2

5.08

46

30

30

45

1.14

0.21

5.33

48

30

30

60

1.52

0.27

6.86

77

55

50

75

1.91

0.34

8.64

123

75

65

75

1.91

0.38

9.75

176

95

85

75

1.91

0.43

11

257

130

115

19

100

2.54

0.52

13.16

349

150

130

1/0

19

100

2.54

0.56

14.1

413

170

150

2/0

19

100

2.54

0.6

15.14

509

195

175

3/0

19

100

2.54

0.64

16.33

622

225

200

4/0

19

100

2.54

0.7

17.68

766

260

230

250

37

130

3.3

0.81

20.57

944

290

255

350

37

130

3.3

0.91

23.04

1273

350

310

500

37

130

3.3

1.03

26.19

1764

430

380

750

61

145

3.68

1.28

32.51

2625

535

475

1000

61

145

3.68

1.44

36.58

3443

615

545

Source: Okonite

47

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual

Table 16: Single Aluminum Conductor for Underground Service


Impedance (ohm/1000ft) *

Code Word

Size
(# of Wires)

Conductor
Diameter
(inch)

Insulation
Thickness
(inch)

Insulation
Diameter
(inch)

Total
Weight
(lb/1000 ft)

AC Resistance

@ 75C

@ 90C

Inductive
Reactance
@60Hz

CORNELL/XLP

8 (7)

0.141

0.06

0.26

34

1.28

1.35

0.047

PRINCETON/XLP

6 (7)

0.178

0.06

0.3

47

0.807

0.847

0.0447

MERCER/XLP

4 (7)

0.225

0.06

0.35

67

0.508

0.533

0.0426

CLEMSON/XLP

2 (7)

0.283

0.06

0.41

97

0.319

0.335

0.0409

KENYON/XLP

1 (19)

0.322

0.08

0.49

128

0.253

0.266

0.0411

HARVARD/XLP

1/0 (19)

0.362

0.08

0.52

154

0.201

0.211

0.0402

YALE/XLP

2/0 (19)

0.406

0.08

0.57

186

0.159

0.167

0.0394

TUFTS/XLP

3/0 (19)

0.456

0.08

0.62

225

0.126

0.133

0.0387

BELOIT/XLP

4/0 (19)

0.512

0.08

0.68

274

0.1

0.105

0.038

HOFSTRA/XLP

250 (37)

0.558

0.095

0.75

329

0.085

0.0892

0.0382

GONZAGA/XLP

300 (37)

0.611

0.095

0.81

385

0.071

0.0744

0.0377

RUTGERS/XLP

350 (37)

0.66

0.095

0.85

439

0.0609

0.0639

0.0373

DARTMOUTH/XLP

400 (37)

0.706

0.095

0.9

493

0.0534

0.056

0.0369

BROWN/XLP

450 (37)

0.749

0.095

0.94

547

0.0476

0.0499

0.0366

EMORY/XLP

500 (37)

0.789

0.095

0.98

601

0.0429

0.045

0.0364

DUKE/XLP

600 (61)

0.866

0.11

1.09

725

0.036

0.0377

0.0365

FURMAN/XLP

700 (61)

0.935

0.11

1.16

830

0.0311

0.0325

0.0362

SEWANEE/XLP

750 (61)

0.968

0.11

1.19

883

0.0291

0.0305

0.036

FORDHAM/XLP

1000 (61)

1.118

0.11

1.34

1144

0.0223

0.0233

0.0354

* At random (calculated as 1.5 x cable OD) spacing between conductors. Source: Nexans

48

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


9. MEDIUM AND HIGH VOLTAGE WIRES AND CABLES
There is no consensus among standard governing bodies like (i.e., IEC,
ANSI, IEEE, UL, NEC and others) concerning the classification of
voltage level. Thus, for clarity of this manual we will utilize IEEE voltage
level classifications wherein 601 V to 69,000 V is medium voltage and
69,001 V to 230,000 V is high voltage. Furthermore, conductors are also
classified according to their degree of insulation covering (i.e. bare,
covered, and insulated). Basically, construction of the wires and cables is
the same or similar for medium and high voltage applications.
9.1 Bare Conductors
Bare conductors are those without covering and primarily used for
overhead power transmission and distribution application. Insulating
medium is air wherein the conductors are spaced from each other and
any grounded object based on the system voltage. Insulators (e.g
porcelain, glass, and polymers) are used to support the conductors and
insulate these from the supporting structure such as tower or pole.
Copper and aluminum conductors are commonly used for this
application. However, there are instances where economics dictate the
use of conductors with low conductivity such as galvanized steel,
copper-clad steel (Copperweld) or aluminum-clad steel (Alumoweld)
in the distribution system. In such cases, the conductor losses are
lower than the cost of recovering the investment in the distribution
line if copper or aluminum conductor is used. In this field of
application, the most dominant conductor used by the industry is the
aluminum conductor steel reinforced (ACSR).
The succeeding tables (i.e., 17 to 19) show the physical and electrical
data for copper and aluminum conductors.

49

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table 17: Bare Stranded Copper Wires Physical and Electrical Data
Hard-Drawn
Size
Weight
Stran- Stranding
Dia.
(AWG or
Per 1000
ding
Class
(mils)
kcmil)
ft. (Ibs.)

2
1

Medium-Hard
Drawn

Soft-Drawn
(Annealed)

Allowable
Rated DC Resistance Rated DC Resistance Rated DC Resistance Ampacity
Strength Ohms/1000 ft Strength Ohms/1000 ft Strength Ohms/1000 ft
(lbs)
@ 20C
(lbs)
@ 20C
(lbs)
@ 20C

51

146

777

0.6663

610

0.6629

81

184

1228

A, B

128.9

232

1938

0.4191

959

0.4169

0.2636

1505

0.2622

A, B

162.5

260

2433

0.209

1885

0.2079

A, B

204.9

292

258.4

328

3050

0.166

2360

3801

0.1316

2955

1/0

A, AA

326.1

368

4752

0.1042

3705

1/0

19

2/0

A, AA

326.1

373

4752

0.1042

410.9

414

5926

0.08267

2/0

19

410.9

418

6690

3/0
4/0

A, AA

518.1

464

A, AA

653.3

522

4/0

19

653.3

250

19

250

37

300

19

350
500

499

0.6408

95

794

0.403

130

1320

0.2534

170

1670

0.201

200

0.165

2110

0.1578

230

0.1309

2552

0.1252

265

0.1037

3221

0.1002

310

3705

0.1037

3221

0.1002

310

4640

0.08224

4062

0.07949

355

0.08267

4765

0.08224

4024

0.07949

355

7366

0.06556

5812

0.06522

5118

0.06304

410

9154

0.05199

7278

0.05172

6459

0.04999

480

528

9617

0.05199

7479

0.05172

6453

0.04999

480

771.9

574

11360

0.044

8836

0.04378

7627

0.04231

530

771.9

575

11600

0.044

8952

0.04378

7940

0.04231

530

926.2

628

13510

0.03667

10530

0.03648

9160

0.03526

590

19

1080.6

679

15590

0.03143

12200

0.03127

10680

0.03022

650

37

A, B

1543.8

814

22510

0.022

17550

0.02189

15240

0.02116

810

600

37

A, AA

1852.5

891

27020

0.01834

21060

0.01825

18300

0.01763

910

750

61

A, B

2315.6

998

34090

0.01467

26510

0.01459

22890

0.0141

1040

1000

61

A, B

3087.5

1152

45030

0.011

35100

0.01094

30500

0.01058

1240

Ampacity based on 75C conductor temperature; 25C ambient temperature; 2 ft/sec wind in sun.
Source: Southwire

50

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table 18: Aluminum Conductor Steel Reinforced (ACSR) Physical Data
Size
(AWG or
kcmil)

Diameter (inch)

Weight (lb/1000ft)

Steel Wire

Al Wire

Steel
Core

Al

Steel

Total

Rated
Strength
(lbs)

Turkey

6/1

0.0661

0.0661

0.066

0.198

24.4

11.6

36

1190

Swan

6/1

0.0834

0.0834

0.083

0.25

39

18.4

57.4

1860

Swanate

7/1

0.1029

0.0772

0.103

0.257

39

28

67

2360

Sparrow

6/1

0.1052

0.1052

0.105

0.316

61.9

29.3

91.2

2850

Sparate

7/1

0.1299

0.0974

0.13

0.325

62.3

44.7

102

3640

Robin

6/1

0.1181

0.1181

0.118

0.355

78.1

36.9

115

3550

Raven

1/0

6/1

0.1327

0.1327

0.133

0.398

98.4

46.6

145

4380

Quail

2/0

6/1

0.1489

0.1489

0.149

0.447

124.2

58.8

183

5310

Pigeon

3/0

6/1

0.1672

0.1672

0.167

0.502

155.9

74.1

230

6620

Penguin

4/0

6/1

0.1878

0.1878

0.188

0.563

197.6

93.4

291

8350

Waxwing

266.8

18/1

0.1217

0.1217

0.122

0.609

249.8

39.2

289

6880

Partridge

266.8

26/7

0.0788

0.1013

0.236

0.642

250.4

115.6

366

11300

Merlin

336.4

18/1

0.1367

0.1367

0.137

0.684

315.5

49.5

365

8680

Linnet

336.4

26/7

0.0884

0.1137

0.265

0.72

316.5

145.5

462

14100

Oriole

336.4

30/7

0.1059

0.1059

0.318

0.741

317

209

526

17300

Chickadee

397.5

18/1

0.1486

0.1486

0.149

0.743

372.5

58.5

431

9940

Ibis

397.5

26/7

0.0961

0.1236

0.288

0.783

374.1

171.9

546

16300

Pelican

477

18/1

0.1628

0.1628

0.163

0.814

446.8

70.2

517

11800

Flicker

477

24/7

0.094

0.141

0.282

0.846

449.5

164.5

614

17200

Hawk

477

26/7

0.1053

0.1354

0.316

0.858

448.6

206.4

655

19500

Hen

477

30/7

0.1261

0.1261

0.378

0.883

449.7

296.3

746

23800

Osprey

556.5

18/1

0.1758

0.1758

0.176

0.879

521.1

81.9

603

13700

Parakeet

556.5

24/7

0.1015

0.1523

0.305

0.914

524.2

191.8

716

19800

Dove

556.5

26/7

0.1138

0.1463

0.341

0.927

523.9

241.1

765

22600

Rook

636

24/7

0.1085

0.1628

0.326

0.977

598.8

219.2

818

22000

Grosbeak

636

26/7

0.1216

0.1564

0.365

0.99

598.7

275.3

873

25200

Drake

795

26/7

0.136

0.1749

0.408

1.108

749

344

1093

31500

Tern

795

45/7

0.0886

0.1329

0.266

1.063

748.9

146.1

895

22100

Rail

954

45/7

0.0971

0.1456

0.291

1.165

899

176

1075

25900

Cardinal

954

54/7

0.1329

0.1329

0.399

1.96

899

329

1228

33800

Curlew

1033.5

54/7

0.1383

0.1383

0.415

1.245

973

356

1329

36600

Bluejay

1113

45/7

0.1049

0.1573

0.315

1.259

1049

205

1254

29800

Bittern

1272

45/7

0.1121

0.168

0.336

1.345

1198

234

1432

34100

Lapwing

1590

45/7

0.1253

0.188

0.376

1.504

1498

292

1790

42200

Bluebird

2156

84/19

0.0961

0.1602

0.481

1.762

2040

468

2508

60300

Code
word

No. of
Wires

Source: Nexans

51

Complete
Conductor

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table 19: Aluminum Conductor Steel Reinforced (ACSR) Electrical Data
Resistance (ohm/kft)

Code word

Size
(AWG
or
kcmil)

DC at
20C

AC at
25C

Turkey

0.642

Swan

0.403

Swanate

Sparrow

Reactance at 60 Hz**
Inductive
at 25C
(ohm/kft)

Inductive
at 50C
(ohm/kft)

Inductive
at 75C
(ohm/kft)

Ampacity*
(A)

0.751

0.12

0.139

0.144

105

0.715

0.115

0.131

0.137

140

0.516

0.71

0.113

0.124

0.13

140

0.308

0.336

0.678

0.11

0.123

0.128

185

0.256

0.297

0.33

0.674

0.109

0.118

0.121

185

0.201

0.206

0.247

0.27

0.66

0.107

0.119

0.122

210

1/0

0.159

0.163

0.197

0.216

0.642

0.104

0.114

0.116

240

Quail

2/0

0.126

0.13

0.162

0.176

0.624

0.102

0.112

0.113

275

Pigeon

3/0

0.1

0.103

0.121

0.145

0.606

0.0992

0.108

0.109

315

Penguin

4/0

0.0795

0.0822

0.107

0.116

0.597

0.0964

0.105

0.105

365

Waxwing

266.8

0.0644

0.0657 0.0723 0.0788

0.576

0.0903

0.0903

0.0903

445

Partridge

266.8

0.0637

0.0652 0.0714 0.0778

0.565

0.0881

0.0881

0.0881

455

Merlin

336.4

0.051

0.0523 0.0574 0.0625

0.56

0.0826

0.0826

0.0826

515

Linnet

336.4

0.0506

0.0517 0.0568 0.0619

0.549

0.0854

0.0854

0.0854

530

Oriole

336.4

0.0502

0.0513 0.0563 0.0614

0.544

0.0843

0.0843

0.0843

530

Chickadee

397.5

0.0432

0.0443 0.0487 0.0528

0.544

0.0856

0.0856

0.0856

575

Ibis

397.5

0.0428

0.0438 0.0481 0.0525

0.539

0.0835

0.0835

0.0835

590

Pelican

477

0.036

0.0369 0.0405 0.0441

0.528

0.0835

0.0835

0.0835

640

Flicker

477

0.0358

0.0367 0.0403 0.0439

0.524

0.0818

0.0818

0.0818

670

Hawk

477

0.0357

0.0366 0.0402 0.0438

0.522

0.0814

0.0814

0.0814

660

Hen

477

0.0354

0.0362 0.0398 0.0434

0.517

0.0803

0.0803

0.0803

660

Osprey

556.5

0.0309

0.0318 0.0348 0.0379

0.518

0.0818

0.0818

0.0818

710

Parakeet

556.5

0.0307

0.0314 0.0347 0.0377

0.512

0.0801

0.0801

0.0801

720

Dove

556.5

0.0305

0.0314 0.0345 0.0375

0.51

0.0795

0.0795

0.0795

730

Rook

636

0.0268

0.0277 0.0303

0.033

0.502

0.0786

0.0786

0.0786

780

Grosbeak

636

0.0267

0.0275 0.0301 0.0328

0.499

0.078

0.078

0.078

790

Drake

795

0.0214

0.0222 0.0242 0.0263

0.482

0.0756

0.0756

0.0756

910

Tern

795

0.0216

0.0225 0.0246 0.0267

0.488

0.0769

0.0769

0.0769

890

Rail

954

0.018

0.0188 0.0206 0.0223

0.474

0.0748

0.0748

0.0748

970

Cardinal

954

0.0179

0.0186 0.0205 0.0222

0.47

0.0737

0.0737

0.0737

990

Curlew

1033.5

0.0165

0.0172 0.0189 0.0205

0.464

0.0729

0.0729

0.0729

1040

Bluejay

1113

0.0155

0.0163 0.0178 0.0193

0.461

0.0731

0.0731

0.0731

1070

Bittern

1272

0.0135

0.0144 0.0157

0.017

0.451

0.0716

0.0716

0.0716

1160

Lapwing

1590

0.0108

0.0117 0.0128 0.0138

0.434

0.0689

0.0689

0.0689

1340

Bluebird

2156

0.00801 0.00903 0.00977 0.0105

0.409

0.0652

0.0652

0.0652

1610

AC at
50C

AC at
75C

Capacitive
(megohm-kft)

0.655

0.75

0.816

0.412

0.479

0.522

0.399

0.407

0.463

0.253

0.259

Sparate

0.251

Robin

Raven

* Ampacity is with sun and wind at 2 ft/s

** Reactance at 1 foot equivalent spacing

Source: Nexans

52

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


9.2 Covered Conductors
Covered conductors are bare conductors with thin insulation covering
used for overhead power distribution system. These are used for
power distribution circuits that transverse along routes with heavy
tree growth. The covering does not fully insulate the conductor but it
is thick enough to reduce the chances of flashover whenever a tree
branch falls between the conductors. Covered conductor is also
commonly known as tree wire. Also, it helps minimize faults caused
by animals and enable distribution utilities to utilize conductor
configurations with tight spacing. Covered conductors are commonly
used as a cost-effective method for increasing overhead line
reliability.
The conductor materials are typically copper or aluminum or other
conductors designed to give a balance between strength and
conductivity such as ACSR. Tree wire is commonly covered by
insulating materials such as polyethylene, XLPE, or EPR. Insulation
thickness typically ranges from 30 to 150 mils. Tree wires must
always be treated as bare conductors. However, closer spacings are
allowed for this type of conductor.
While covered conductors help against trees, it has several setbacks
compared to bare conductors. The covering may be susceptible to
degradation due to ultraviolet radiation, tracking, and mechanical
effects that cause cracking. Also, covered conductors are susceptible
to burn-downs. Burn-down is when a conductor burns through or
melts and falls to the ground. A covered conductor line can suffer
burn-down due to lightning strikes, excessive tracking over time,
vibration fatigue or tree branches falling on the line. The risk of burndown can be reduced by suitable lightning protection systems,
reduction of electrical stresses, improved tree trimming, reduced
carbon black content in the sheath material, and proper installation
and tensioning.
The additional covering adds cost to the conductor such that a
covered conductor line would cost about at least 20% more than a
bare conductor line. Covered conductors are heavier and have larger
diameters so wind loading is higher than bare conductors. Also, a
damage cover makes it susceptible to corrosion, primarily from water.
53

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


If water penetrates the covering, it settles at the low points and causes
corrosion since the covering prevents the trapped water from
evaporating. Water enters the conductor at pinholes caused by
lightning strikes, cover damage caused by abrasion, and at holes
pierced by connectors. In contrast, rain simply washes over bare
conductors and evaporation takes care of moisture.
There will be a low charging current flowing along the covered
conductor sheath since its surface is insulating but not fully insulated.
This arises because the sheath forms an insulating layer between the
high voltage conductor (metal) and the pin or post insulator to earth.
This current will normally be less than 0.3mA which flows phasephase or phase-ground. This current is held low to reduce tracking
and erosion, especially under polluted conditions. Metal helical ties
form an intermediate electrode and can cause discharge problems at
the ends if bare. Connecting helical ties with any insulating piercing
connectors (IPCs) or use of semi-conducting plastic ties eliminates
this problem.
For a covered conductor line, insulation piercing connectors (IPC) are
used. IPC contains teeth that penetrate through the insulation to have
contact with the conductor and complete a connection.
Tables 20 and 21 show the relevant data of Copper and ACSR
Covered Conductors, respectively.
Spacer cables are also alternatives to Covered Cables and perform
well in areas with dense trees. Spacer cables are of bundled
configuration using a messenger wire with a polymetric support
cradle holding up the three phases. The spacer cables reactive
impedance is smaller because it significantly reduces spacing than
typical overhead constructions.

54

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table 20: Copper Single Layer Covered Conductors Data
Weight Per
Copper
Size
1000
ft. (lbs.)
Cover O.D. Content
(AWG StranThick. Covered
Per
or
ding
(mils) (mils) 1000 ft. XLPE
PE
kcmil)
(lbs.)

DC
Allowable
Resistance
Ampacity
/1000
+
ft.@20C

30

238

81

90.3

90.3

0.503

130

30

285

128.9

140.8

140.8

0.316

175

45

373

204.9

227.1

227.1

0.199

230

1/0

60

477

326.1

363.3

363.3

0.125

305

2/0

60

522

410.9

453.3

453.3

0.0992

350

3/0

60

570

518.1

565.6

565.6

0.0788

405

4/0

60

626

653.3

707.6

707.6

0.0625

465

250

19

60

677

771.9

825.4

825.4

0.0530

520

300

19

60

729

926.2

984.6

984.6

0.0442

580

350

19

60

779

1080.6

1144.5

1144.5

0.0380

640

500

37

80

950

1543.8

1637.2

1637.2

0.0278

785

750

61

80

1128

2315.6

2422.8

2422.8

0.0182

995

1000

61

95

1307

3087.5

3234

3234

0.0140

1180

Source: Southwire

55

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table 21: 2-Layer 15kV ACSR Tree Wire
Size
(AWG
or
kcmil)

Stranding

1/0

6/1

2/0

Conductor
Diameter
(mils)

Covering
Thickness
(mils)

Cable
O.D.
(mils)

Rated
Strength
(lbs)

Weight
per
1000
ft. (lbs)

Inner
Layer

Outer
Layer

398

75

75

698

4161

255

6/1

447

75

75

747

5045

303

3/0

6/1

502

75

75

802

6289

362

4/0

6/1

563

75

75

863

7933

432

266.8

18/1

609

75

75

909

6536

441

266.8

26/7

642

75

75

942

10735

452

336.4

18/1

684

75

75

984

8246

536

336.4

26/7

720

75

75

1020

13395

555

336.4

30/7

741

75

75

1041

16435

621

397.5

18/1

743

75

75

1043

9443

611

397.5

24/7

772

75

75

1072

13870

609

477

24/7

846

75

75

1146

16340

719

477

26/7

858

75

75

1158

18525

762

477

30/7

883

75

75

1183

22610

854

556.5

18/1

879

75

75

1179

13015

813

556.5

24/7

914

75

75

1214

18810

828

556.5

26/7

927

75

75

1227

21470

878

636

18/1

940

75

75

1240

14915

912

636

24/7

977

75

75

1277

20900

936

636

26/7

990

75

75

1290

23940

993

795

26/7

1108

80

80

1428

29925

1234

795
45/7
Source: Southwire

1063

80

80

1383

20995

1031

56

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


9.3 Insulated Cables
Majority of insulated cables are utilized for underground
transmission and distribution systems. Being insulated for voltages
higher than 2 kV, that these cables are typically shielded.
9.3.1 Construction
The fundamental difference between non-shielded and shielded
cables is the inclusion of outer conducting components in the
cable system. The basic components of a shielded cable are
shown below.

Figure 6: Construction of Shielded Power Cable


Conductor
The conductors used in shielded cables are basically the same as
those used in non-shielded cables, with copper and aluminum as
the conductor.
Conductor Shield or Screen
The conductor shield is usually a semi-conducting material
applied over the conductor circumference to shield out the surface
irregularities of the conductor. With this shield, the resulting
dielectric field lines will not be distorted by the shape of the outer
strands or other conductor contours. It prevents the formation of
destructive discharges at the interface between the conductor and
insulation. Otherwise, the electrical stress around the conductors
would produce partial discharges on the surface of the insulation
which deteriorates it and eventually results to cable failure. Also,
it is essential that this stress control layer be compatible with the
conductor and the cable insulation.
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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


This layer also provides a smooth and compatible surface for
the application of the insulation. The conductor shield is
extruded simultaneously with the insulation for a void-free bond
between conductor shield and insulation. The shield may also
be used to facilitate splicing and termination of the cable.
Insulation
This is the part of the cable that is relied upon to insulate the
conductor from other conductor or conductive object or from
ground. The differences between the insulation for shielded cables
as compared to non-shielded cables include material, process
technology, and testing. The insulation thickness is primarily
influenced by the operating voltage. Therefore, the higher the
voltage, the thicker the insulation.
Insulation Shield or Screen
This absorbs the symmetrical radial stresses and discharges on the
surfaces of the insulation. It protects the cables from induced
potentials. Shields help attenuate, make uniform and reduce the
surge potential stresses on the insulation. It increases safety to
humans and removes the risk of fire due to electrical discharges on
the cable surface.
The insulation shield or screen is a two-part system composed of
an auxiliary and a primary shield.
An auxiliary shield is usually a semi-conducting, non-metallic
material over the insulation circumference. It must be smooth,
compatible with the insulation, and exhibit an acceptably low
voltage drop throughout its thickness. A commonly used
auxiliary shield consists of an extruded semi-conducting
polymer to permit easy removal during field termination, but
yet to remain uniformly bonded to the insulation throughout
the cable length.
A primary shield is a metallic shield over the circumference
of the auxiliary shield. It may consist of copper tape or
Concentric Neutral (CN) wires. These concentric neutral
wires are usually annealed.
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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual

CN wires serve two purposes, namely; they function as the


metallic component of the insulation shield and as a
conductor for the neutral return current. Their crosssectional area must be properly sized in order to function as
the neutral conductor.
The primary shield must be capable of conducting the
summation of the leakage currents to the nearest ground
with an acceptable voltage drop. In some cases, it must also be
capable of conducting fault currents.
The primary shield, by itself, without an intervening auxiliary
shield, cannot achieve acceptable physical contact with the
insulation surface. A relatively resilient auxiliary shield is
necessary to eliminate arcing between the insulation surface
and the primary shield.
If the insulation shield is effectively at ground potential, no
resulting distortion of the electrostatic flux or equipotential lines
will occur. The grounding of the insulation shield is the electrical
connection between the metallic component of the insulation
shield and the system ground. This grounding of the insulation
shield results in symmetrical dielectric fields. Electrostatic flux
lines are spaced symmetrically and perpendicular to equipotential
lines. The equipotential lines are concentric and parallel with
respect to each other, the conductor shield and the insulation
shield. The presence of the shielding results in field lines as
depicted in Figure 7. In addition, grounding promotes personnel
safety by minimizing potentials on the outer surface of the cable
and its accessories.
The shielding of the cable system can either be singlepointed or multiple-pointed grounding. A single-point grounded
system is frequently referred to as an open circuit shield. Since
the shield is grounded at a single point, there is no closed loop
for the flow of induced shield currents. A multiple-point
grounded system, on the other hand, is one that has grounds at
more than one point. It is frequently called a closed or shortcircuit shield system.
59

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual

Each of the arrangements has its particular advantages and


disadvantages for selection. Knowledge of the total system
should be taken into account when making these decisions.
In a shielded cable,
the
voltage
difference
between
conductor and electrical ground is contained within the cable.
For a non-shielded cable, the voltage difference between
conductor and electrical ground is divided between the cable
insulation and any intervening air or other materials.
Insulation
Conductor Shield
Conductor

Insulation Shield

Electrostatic Flux Lines

Equipotential Lines

Figure 7: Electrical Field of a Shielded Cable

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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


In Figure 7, observe that the field lines are closer to each other
near the conductor shield as compared to the insulation shield.
The radial stresses or voltage gradients increase near the
conductor.
Jackets/Sheaths
These cable components provide environmental protection over
the insulation shielding system. The material used can be an
extruded jacket of synthetic material, metal sheaths/wires,
armoring, or a combination of these types of materials.
9.3.2 Electrical Losses in Cables
When the cable is energized and carrying load, heat, which must
be dissipated to the surrounding medium, is generated by the
conductor, dielectric and sheath losses.
The heat generated by these losses in the conductor, the
dielectric, the sheath and armor has to pass to the surrounding
medium, which may be the ground, air, water or some other
material. The current carrying capacity of an electric cable is
normally dictated by the maximum temperature of the conductor.
The components of the cable, in addition to meeting the
electrical requirements, must also have as low a thermal
resistivity, as possible, to ensure that the heat can be dissipated
efficiently. If the rate of rise of heat generation is greater than the
rate of rise of heat dissipation, the cable temperature will
continue to increase which will result in the overheating of the
cable and eventual breakdown.
9.3.3 Advantages of Shielded Cables
Electrical insulation surrounding a conductor creates a capacitor
when the conductor is electrically energized. Thus, all insulated
conductors are capacitors.
In the majority of non-shielded cable systems, the cable surface
makes intermittent contact with an electrical ground. Where
intimate contact with this ground is not made, the intervening air
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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


spaces also act primarily as capacitors in ac circuits and as
resistors in dc circuits. This forms a series of cable dielectric and
air dielectric. Voltage across this circuit varies along the length
of the cable depending on the voltage across the air gap. The
cable surface becomes a floating voltage point in a voltage
divider. This floating point voltage can vary considerably,
depending on the cable design and the characteristics of the air
gap. If the voltage is high enough, the cable surface can
experience detrimental surface tracking of arcing discharges to
electrical ground. The cable surface can also become potentially
hazardous causing an electrical shock if contacted by field
personnel.
Shielding the cable insulation surface and grounding of this
shielding eliminates tracking and arcing discharges. The
grounding of this shield prevents the accumulation of an
electrical potential on the surface of the cable that could be
hazardous to any individual that comes into contact with the
cable surface.
10. INSTALLATION OF WIRES AND CABLES
10.1 Maximum Allowable Tensions on Conductors
Care should be taken during installation of cables to prevent damage
that can result to future service failures. In preparing for a conductor
pull, it is just as important to cover the other details as it is to assure
that the conductor does not exceed maximum sidewall pressure,
minimum bending radii or maximum pulling tensions. These and
other considerations can make the difference between a good
installation and one with damaged conductors.
Mechanical stresses during installation are generally more severe
than those encountered while in service. The following information
provides guidance in recognizing these conditions and provides a
methodology to aid in keeping them within acceptable limits.

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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


10.1.1 Maximum Allowable Tension
Calculations should be made whether the pull looks easy or
impossible, making the decision as where to pull an obvious
choice. When an obscure situation is encountered, the entire pull
should be reviewed. This review may include more rigorous
calculations or trial pulls. A final decision should be made based
on installation factors known to the end user and installer.
The sizes of the conduit are determined based on the calculations
of clearances, jamming, and fill. Pulling tensions may be
evaluated by determining the maximum tension based on the
pulling device used, and the maximum tension that can be
applied to the conductors. The lesser of these two values is the
maximum allowable tension. After calculating the pulling
tensions, sidewall pressures may be calculated.
Do not exceed the allowable tension stated by the manufacturer
of the pulling device or 10,000 pounds, whichever is less. Do not
use metallic shielding wires, tapes or braids, or armor not
designed for the purpose, in pulling tension calculations. The
maximum tension allowed for the conductors are computed as
follows:
Single Conductor:
T=S*A
Multiple Conductors:
T = N * S * A for 3 or less conductors
T = (0.8) * N * S * A for more than 3 conductors
where:
T = conductor tension, lbs
S = conductor stress, lbs/cmil (Table 22)
A = conductor area, cmil (Table 23)
N = number of conductors
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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Pulling different conductor sizes at the same time is not
recommended if the conductor size or other cable characteristics
are significantly different. If different size conductors must be
pulled, it must be done with care.

Table 22: Maximum Allowable Conductor Stress


Cable Type
All
Power
Power
Power
URD
Solid

Material
Copper
Aluminum
Aluminum
Aluminum
Aluminum
Aluminum

Temper
soft
Hard
3/4 hard
AA-8000
1/2 hard
Soft

lbs/cmil
0.008
0.008
0.006
0.006
0.003
0.002

Table 23: Concentric Stranded Copper & Aluminum Conductor Area


AWG
14
12
10
8
6
4
3
2
1
1/0
2/0
3/0
4/0

cmil
4,110
6,530
10,380
16,510
26,240
41,740
52,620
66,360
83,690
105,600
133,100
167,800
211,600

AWG
250
300
350
400
450
500
600
700
750
800
900
1000
1200

64

cmil
250,000
300,000
350,000
400,000
450,000
500,000
600,000
700,000
750,000
800,000
900,000
1,000,000
1,200,000

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


10.1.2 Pulling Tension Calculation
The following equations allow the user to calculate the expected
pulling tension of a conductor in a conduit pull.
Tin=WL
where;

Tin =
W=
L=
=

tension, lbs.
weight of one foot of cable, lbs.
length of pull, ft.
coefficient of friction for the particular duct
material and outer layer of the cable.

The weight of the cable and the length of the pull can be
determined with great accuracy. The one variable that varies
tremendously is the value of the coefficient of frictionit can
vary from 0.05 to 1.0.
Even when the materials used in the duct and jacket are known,
the type and amount of lubricant can be an important factor in
this variation.
10.1.3 Coefficient of Friction
The coefficient of dynamic friction () is a measure of the
friction between a moving conductor and the conduit. The
coefficient of friction can have a large impact on the tension
calculation.
Table 24: Typical Coefficients of Dynamic Friction () for Cables with
an Adequate Cable Lubrication During a Pull
Cable Outer Jacket or Insulation
Type THHN/THWN (Nylon)

Conduit Type
EMT
PVC
0.28
0.24

Type XHHW, USE, RHH/RHW (XLPE)

0.25

65

0.14

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


10.1.4 Conductor Configuration
The configuration of three single-conductors in a conduit is
determined by the ratio of the conduit inner diameter (D) to the
outer diameter (d) of one of the single conductors (D/d ratio).
D
d 2.5

D
d < 2.5

Cradled

Triangular

Figure 8: Configuration of Three Single Conductors

A cradled configuration develops when three single-conductors


are pulled into a conduit where the D/d ratio is 2.5 or greater. A
triangular configuration develops when three single-conductors
are pulled into a conduit where the D/d ratio is less than 2.5.
10.1.5 Weight Correction Factor
This configuration of conductors can affect the tension. A weight
correction factor () is used in the tension equations to account
for this effect. This is given by the following equations:
Single Conductor:
=1

Three Conductor (Triangular):

Three Conductor (Cradled):

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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual

Four Conductors or More

To be conservative, it is recommended that the three-conductor


(triangular) factor be used when pulling two conductors.
10.1.6 Tension Formulas
Horizontal Straight Section:
Tout = WL+Tin
Inclined and Vertical Section:
Pulling up:
Tout = WL(sin + cos) + Tin (lbs)
Pulling Down:
Tout = WL(sin + cos) + Tin (lbs)
Elbows and Bends (approximation):
Tout = Tin e
where;

Tout =
Tin =
W=
L=
=
=
=
=
e=

tension out of a section, lbs


tension into a section, lbs
total cable weight, lbs/ft
straight section length, ft
coefficient of dynamic friction
weight correction factor
straight section angle from horizontal,
radians
bend section angle, radians
2.71 natural logarithm base

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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


10.1.7 Conductor Jamming
There is a tendency where cables may jam against the inside of
the conduit when the diameter of each cable is about one-third
the inner diameter of the duct. This commonly occurs when the
cables go around a bend or a series of bends. Jamming increases
the pulling tension to a point that it can damage the cable. Thus,
the jam ratio of the cables needs to be evaluated. The equation
for the jam ratio of three cables in a duct is as follows:
Jam ratio = 1.05 D
d
where;

1.05

D=
d=

factor to account the possible ovality of the


conduit in a bend and for the cable of having
a slightly different diameter at any point
inside diameter of the duct or conduit
outer diameter of each of the three cables

When the jam ratio falls between 2.6 and 3.2, jamming is
probable if there are bends in the run. Thus, to avoid possible
problem with conductor jamming, it is advisable to avoid pulls
where the jam ratio is between 2.6 and 3.2.
10.2 Sidewall Pressure
Sidewall pressure is the vector force that exists on the cable as it is
pulled through a bend. Because the surface area of the bend is
smaller in small radius bends, that force is concentrated over a much
smaller area. Most of the time sidewall pressure is the limiting factor
in a cable pull. It is calculated by the following equations:
Single-conductor cable or multiple-conductor cable under common
jacket:

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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual

Three Conductor (Triangular):

Three Conductor (Cradled):

where;

Sp =
T=
=
R=

sidewall pressure, lbs/ft


tension coming out of the bend, lbs
weight correction factor
bend radius, ft

Table 25: Sidewall Bearing Pressure Limits


Cable Type
Instrumentation
600 V non-shielded control
600 V power
5 to 15 kV shielded power
25 to 46 kV power

SWBP, lbs/ft
100
300
500
500
300

10.3 Bending Radius


The following are the minimum values for the radii to which
insulated cables may be bent during installation. These limits do not
apply to conduit bends, sheaves or other curved surfaces around
which the cable may be pulled under tension while being installed.
Larger radii bends may be required for such conditions to limit
69

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


sidewall pressure. In all cases the minimum radii specified refers to
the inner surface of the cable and not to the axis of the cable.
The minimum bending radii for both single and multiple-conductor
cable with or without lead sheath and without metallic shielding or
armor are as follows:

Table 26: Minimum Bending Radii for Power and Control Cables
without Metallic Shielding or Armor

Thickness of
Conductor
Insulation,
inches
0.156 and
less
0.157 to
0.315
0.316 and
over

Overall Diameter of cables, inches


2.001and
1.000 and less 1.001 to 2.000
larger
Minimum Bending Radius as
Multiple of Cable Diameter
4

Source: Okonite

70

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table 27: Minimum Bending Radii for Power and Control Cables with
Metallic Shielding or Armor, as Multiple of Cable Diameter
Type of Cable
Power
Armored, flat tape or wire type
12...
Armored, smooth aluminum sheath, up to;
.
...0.75 inches cable diameter
10*.
...0.76 to 1.5 inches cable diameter
12...
...over 1.5 inches cable diameter
15...
Armored, corrugated sheath or
.
...interlocked type
7...
...with shielded single conductor
12...
...with shielded multi-conductor
**...
Non-armored, flat or corrugated
.
...tape shielded single conductor
12...
...tape shielded multi-conductor
**...
...multi-conductor overall tape shield
12...
...LCS with PVC jacket
15...
Non-armored, concentric neutral
8...
Non-armored, flat strap shielded
8...
Non-armored, wire shielded
***..
* with shielded conductors 12
** 12 times single conductor diameter
or 7 times overall cable diameter whichever is greater
*** See Power and control cables without metallic shielding
LCS = longitudinally applied corrugated shield
Source: Okonite

71

Control
12...
.
10*.
12...
15...
.
7...
12...
**...
.
12...
**...
12...
15...
...
...
...

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual

11. PACKAGING
The usual cut for small diameter building wires is 150 meter and is
packaged in boxes. However, for bigger diameter wires and power
cables, these usually come in 300 meter rolls. For special and other
cutting or packaging requirements, this has to be specified and
coordinated with the wires and cables manufacturer.
12. CABLE/WIRE APPLICATION
In ordering wires/cables, it is important that the manufacturer knows the
intended application of the wires/cables. This in order that they can
recommend the type of cable best suited for the application. The usual
service conditions for cables are indoor/outdoor application in wet, damp,
and/or dry environment. However, for cables that are to be used in special
application or condition, this has to be communicated to the manufacturer.
13. CABLE INSTALLATION METHOD
Knowledge of the cable installation method to be used is important for the
manufacturer since the current carrying capacity of the cable will depend
on where the cables are to be laid such as in open air, raceway, cable tray,
conduit or directly buried. This is due to the heat generated by the cables
due to their close proximity and the capability of the type of cable
installation to dissipate this generated heat. Per Philippine Electrical
Code (PEC), certain de-rating factor has to be applied depending on the
particular installation method.
14. COLOR CODING
In accordance with the PEC, certain color coding is required for
conductors of a multi-core cable. Ground conductors shall have a
continuous white, white stripe or gray outer finish. On the other hand, live
wires can have any color, except the foregoing.
Equipment grounding conductor, however, shall have a continuous green
color or a continuous green color with one or more yellow stripes.
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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


For jacketed cords furnished with appliances, one conductor having its
insulation colored light blue, with the other conductors having their
insulation of a readily distinguishable color other than white or gray.
For electric space-heating cables, the lead wire shall have the following
color identification to indicate the circuit voltage on which it is to be used:
(1) 115 volt, nominal yellow
(2) 208 volt, nominal blue
(3) 230 volt, nominal red
(4) 265 volt, nominal brown
(5) 460 volt, nominal - orange
15. REFERENCE STANDARDS
Wires and cables are usually made to comply with certain reference
standard (e.g. Philippine National Standard (PNS), IEC, ASTM, ICEA,
AIEC, NEMA, UL, etc.) Some PNS on wires and cables are listed in
Annex C.
16. STORAGE
Another important consideration or information needed to be
communicated to the wire manufacturer/supplier is the storage of the cable
at site, whether it will be stored indoor or outdoor. If the cable will be
stored outdoor and subjected to the elements, depending on the cable
insulation or construction and the sealing of its terminals, the cable
performance may be degraded. Likewise, for power conductors on
reels, especially when it is expected to be stored outdoors for
extended periods, special attention should also be taken on the material of
the cable reel. Should the reels be made of wood, the reel may rot after
some time making it difficult to transport the cable to another site.

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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Hereunder are some use and storage suggestions:
(1) Upon receipt, cable protective covering should be thoroughly
scrutinized for possible signs of damage during delivery. If
evidence of damage is found, inform the carrier immediately.
(2) During unloading, make sure that the
equipment used does not have contact
with the cable surface and its
protective covering. When a crane is
being used, a cradle supporting the reel
flanges or a shaft through the arbor
hole should be used. If unloading is
being done with the use of a forklift,
the forks must lift the reel at 90 to the
flanges and must be long enough to
reach both flanges. The fork must not
make contact with the cable surface or
the cable protective covering.
(3) If an inclined ramp is used during
unloading, the ramp must be wide
enough to have contact with both
flanges. When controlling the decent
of the reel, it should be done through
the use of the reel flanges and not the
surface of the cable.
(4) The reels should not be dropped from
the delivering vehicle to the ground
whatever the circumstance.
(5) The weight of the reel and cable must
be allowed to rest on the flanges,
which, in turn, should be resting on a
hard surface to prevent the flanges
from sinking and shifting part of said
weight to the cables.
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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


(6) Reels should be stored in an area where no falling debris of
construction material or other objects that can damage the cable.
(7) Cable should not be stored in an area where chemicals or
petroleum can be spilled or sprayed on the cable.
(8) Reels of cable with unjacketed sheath or armor (aluminum or
steel) should be stored indoors. Unjacketed sheath or armor easily
corrodes when exposed outside.
(9) Care must be taken when a reel of cable is rolled from one point to
another, see to it that there are no objects on the surface area
which could have contact and damage the cable surface or its
protective covering.
(10)Keep cable away from open fires or sources of heat.
(11)Cable ends must always be sealed to prevent the entrance of
moisture.
17. AVAILABLE CABLE HANDLING EQUIPMENT AT SITE
It will be important for the cable and wire manufacturer/supplier to know
whether there will be any cable handling equipment available at site so that
they can prepare the means to unload the cables safely from the transport
vehicle.
If a cable handling equipment is available at site, its capacity has to be
communicated to the manufacturer/supplier so as to ensure that it is
capable of handling the weight of the cable.
18. SAFEGUARDS FOR INSTALLING WIRES AND CABLES
IN CONDUIT
Investigations have shown that cable failures often can be attributed to
damage caused during installation due to carelessness, inexperience and
inability to observe certain simple precautions. In order to eliminate such
preventable causes of electrical shutdowns and loss of production, the
following procedures should be followed:
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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual

18.1 Before Pulling Wire/Cable


(1) Know and observe all Philippine Electrical Code rules
regarding installation.
(2) Check the conduit and wire/cable sizes and actual overall
diameters in order to be sure that the approved "fill" will not
be exceeded. Do not "crowd" the conduit.
(3) Check the type of wire/cable to be installed.
(4) Consider the use of larger conduits or additional pull boxes.
(5) Check any obstruction on the conduit.
(6) To loosen any burrs, pull a short mandrel or plug closely
approximating the diameter of the conduit and clean out any
remaining dirt or foreign matter, follow it up with a swab.
18.2 While Pulling Wire/Cable
(1) To prevent short bends, sharp edges and "crossover", always
have a man feed wire straight into a conduit by hand or over a
large diameter sheave for large conductors/cables.
(2) Remove all lashings used for temporary bunching of
individual wires/cables before they enter the conduit.
(3) Lead-out wires at all pull boxes and conduits. Feed them in
again for the next run.
(4) Never pull directly around short right angled bends.
18.3 After Pulling Wire/Cable
Shut off the exposed ends of the excess wire/cable on the reel with a
tape to prevent moisture from entering the wire/cable.
19. SAFEGUARD FOR SWITCHBOARD AND SIMILAR OPEN
WIRING
To avoid cutting or deforming the insulation at the contact point use wide
tape or straps with rounded edges instead of narrow strings when binding
groups of wires, especially non-braided wires.

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20. WIRE/CABLE ORDERING FORM
In order to guide the user, electrical designer or the purchaser in
correctly ordering or specifying the cable or wire that is needed for his
specific use and for the wire and cable manufacturer/supplier to have the
necessary information to know the specific needs of his customer so that he
can give a correct price quotation, a wire/cable ordering form has been
developed in Annex D.

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78

ANNEXES

79

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ANNEX A
Table A1. Conductor Types and Sizes for 115/230-Volt, 3-Wire,
Single-Phase Dwelling Services and Feeders. Conductor Types RHH,
RHW, RHW-2, THHN, THHW, THW, THW-2, THWN, THWN-2,
XHHW, XHHW-2, SE, USE, USE-2
Conductor mm2

Service or Feeder
Rating (Amperes)

Copper

Aluminum

22
30
30
38

30
38
50
60

100
110
125
150

50
60
80
100

80
100
125
150

175
200
225
250

125
175
200

175
250
325

300
350
400

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Table A2. Ampacities of Not More Than Three Single Insulated
Conductors, Rated 0 Through 2 000 Volts, Supported on a
Messenger, Based on Ambient Air Temperature of 40C

Conductor
Size
mm2
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500

75C
Type
RH,
RHW,
THHW,
THW,
THWN,
XHHW,
ZW
316
363
390
416
496
576
630
659
741

Temperature Rating of Conductor (See Table 3.10.1.13.)


90C
75C
90C

Types
THHN, THHW,
THW-2, THWN-2,
RHH, RWH-2,
USE-2, XHHW-2,
ZW-2
COPPER
369
423
460
486
581
674
740
771
870

Types
RH, RHW,
THHW, THW,
THWN, ZHHW
248
285
310
327
392
458
505
529
606

Type
THHN, THHW,
RHH, XHHW,
RHW-2, XHHW-2,
THW-2, THWN-2,
USE-2, ZW-2
ALUMINUM
288
331
360
382
458
535
590
617
709

Table A3. Ampacities of Insulated Single Copper Conductor Cables


Triplexed in Air Based on Conductor Temperatures of 90C and
105C and Ambient Air Temperature of 40C

Conductor
Size
mm2
125
175
250
375
400
500

Temperature Rating of Conductor


(See Table 3.10.1.61)
2 0015 000 Volts
5 00135 000 Volts
Ampacity
Ampacity
105C
105C
90C Type
Type
90C Type
Type
MV-90
MV-105
MV-90
MV-105
370
410
375
420
460
510
465
520
580
640
580
650
740
825
720
810
770
860
750
845
870
970
840
940

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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A4. Ampacities of Insulated Single Aluminum Conductor
Cables Triplexed in Air Based on Conductor Temperatures of 90C
and 105C and Ambient Air Temperature of 40C

Conductor
Size
mm2
125
175
250
375
400
500

Temperature Rating of Conductor


(See Table 3.10.1.61)
2 0015 000 Volts
5 00135 000 Volts
Ampacity
Ampacity
105C
105C
90C Type
Type
90C Type
Type
MV-90
MV-105
MV-90
MV-105
290
320
295
330
360
400
365
410
460
510
460
515
595
660
585
655
620
685
605
680
705
790
690
770

Table A5. Ampacities of Insulated Single Copper Conductor Isolated


in Air Based on Conductor Temperatures of 90C and 105C and
Ambient Air Temperature of 40C

Conductor
Size
mm2
125
175
250
375
400
500

Temperature Rating of Conductor


(See Table 3.10.1.61)
2 0015 000
5 00115 000
15 00135 000
Volts
Volts
Volts
Ampacity
Ampacity
Ampacity
90C 105C 90C 105C 90C 105C
Type
Type
Type
Type
Type
Type
MVMVMVMVMVMV90
105
90
105
90
105
435
485
435
485
430
480
545
605
545
600
540
595
695
775
685
765
680
755
890
990
875
980
860
960
925
1 030
910
1 020
895
1 000
1 060
1 185
1 050
1 030
1 030
1 145
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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A6. Ampacities of Insulated Single Aluminum Conductor
Isolated in Air Based on Conductor Temperatures of 90C and
105C and Ambient Air Temperature of 40C

Conductor
Size
mm2
125
175
250
375
400
500

Temperature Rating of Conductor


(See Table 3.10.1.61)
2 0015 000
5 00115 000
15 00135 000
Volts
Volts
Volts
Ampacity
Ampacity
Ampacity
90C 105C 90C 105C 90C 105C
Type
Type
Type
Type
Type
Type
MVMVMVMVMVMV90
105
90
105
90
105
340
380
340
380
340
375
425
475
425
475
425
470
545
605
535
600
530
590
700
780
690
770
680
755
730
815
720
805
705
790
845
940
830
930
815
910

Table A7. Ampacities of an Insulated Three-Conductor Copper


Cable Isolated in Air Based on Conductor Temperatures of 90C
and 105C and Ambient Air Temperature of 40C

Conductor
Size
mm2
125
175
250
375
400
500

Temperature Rating of Conductor


(See Table 3.10.1.61)
2 0015 000 Volts
5 00135 000 Volts
Ampacity
Ampacity
105C
105C
90C Type
Type
90C Type
Type
MV-90
MV-105
MV-90
MV-105
315
350
355
395
390
435
430
485
485
545
535
600
610
680
665
735
635
705
690
765
695
780
760
850
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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A8. Ampacities of an Insulated Three-Conductor Aluminum
Cable Isolated in Air Based on Conductor Temperatures of 90C
and 105C and Ambient Air Temperature of 40C

Conductor
Size
mm2
125
75
250
375
400
500

Temperature Rating of Conductor


(See Table 3.10.1.61)
2 0015 000 Volts
5 00135 000 Volts
Ampacity
Ampacity
105C
105C
90C Type
Type
90C Type
Type
MV-90
MV-105
MV-90
MV-105
250
280
280
315
305
340
340
380
385
430
425
475
490
545
535
595
510
565
555
615
575
640
625
695

Table A9. Ampacities of an Insulated Triplexed or Three SingleConductor Copper Cables in Isolated Conduit in Air Based on
Conductor Temperatures of 90C and 105C and Ambient Air
Temperature of 40C

Conductor
Size
mm2
125
175
250
375
400
500

Temperature Rating of Conductor


(See Table 3.10.1.61)
2 0015 000 Volts
5 00135 000 Volts
Ampacity
Ampacity
105C
105C
90C Type
Type
90C Type
Type
MV-90
MV-105
MV-90
MV-105
310
350
325
360
380
425
390
435
475
530
480
535
595
660
580
650
615
685
600
675
680
760
665
745

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Table A10. Ampacities of an Insulated Triplexed or Three SingleConductor Aluminum Cables in Isolated Conduit in Air Based on
Conductor Temperatures of 90C and 105C and Ambient Air
Temperature of 40C

Conductor
Size
mm2
125
175
250
375
400
500

Temperature Rating of Conductor


(See Table 3.10.1.61)
2 0015 000 Volts
5 00135 000 Volts
Ampacity
Ampacity
105C
105C
90C Type
Type
90C Type
Type
MV-90
MV-105
MV-90
MV-105
250
280
255
290
300
335
305
345
380
425
385
430
485
540
480
535
505
560
500
555
570
635
555
630

Table A11. Ampacities of an Insulated Three-Conductor Copper


Cable in Isolated Conduit in Air Based on Conductor Temperatures
of 90C and 105C and Ambient Air Temperature of 40C

Conductor
Size
mm2
125
175
250
375
400
500

Temperature Rating of Conductor


(See Table 3.10.1.61)
2 0015 000 Volts
5 00135 000 Volts
Ampacity
Ampacity
105C
105C
90C Type
Type
90C Type
Type
MV-90
MV-105
MV-90
MV-105
275
310
310
345
345
385
380
425
425
475
470
525
520
580
565
630
540
600
585
655
580
650
640
715

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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A12. Ampacities of an Insulated Three-Conductor Aluminum
Cable in Isolated Conduit in Air Based on Conductor Temperatures
of 90C and 105C and Ambient Air Temperature of 40C

Conductor
Size
mm2
125
175
250
375
400
500

Temperature Rating of Conductor


(See Table 3.10.1.61)
2 0015 000 Volts
5 00135 000 Volts
Ampacity
Ampacity
105C
105C
90C Type
Type
90C Type
Type
MV-90
MV-105
MV-90
MV-105
215
240
245
275
270
300
300
335
340
380
380
425
425
475
465
515
440
495
485
535
500
550
540
605

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Table A13. Ampacities of Three Single-Insulated Copper
Conductors in Underground Electrical Ducts (Three Conductors per
Electrical Duct) Based on Ambient Earth Temperature of 20C,
Electrical Duct Arrangement per Figure 3.10.1.60, 100 Percent Load
Factor, Thermal Resistance (RHO) of 90, Conductor Temperatures
of 90C and 105C
Temperature Rating of Conductor
(See Table 3.10.1.61)
2 0015 000 Volts
5 00135 000 Volts
Ampacity
Ampacity
Conductor
105C
105C
Size
90C Type
Type
90C Type
Type
mm2
MV-90
MV-105
MV-90
MV-105
One Circuit (See Figure 3.10.1.60, Detail 1.)
125
315
340
320
340
175
380
410
385
410
250
470
505
465
500
375
580
625
560
605
400
600
650
580
630
500
660
710
630
680
Three Circuits (See Figure 3.10.1.60, Detail 2.)
125
255
275
255
275
175
310
330
305
325
250
375
405
370
395
375
455
490
435
470
400
475
510
454
490
500
520
555
490
530
Six Circuits (See Figure 3.10.1.60, Detail 3.)
125
205
220
205
220
175
245
265
240
260
250
300
325
290
310
375
360
390
345
370
400
375
405
360
385
500
405
440
385
410

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Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A14. Ampacities of Three Single-Insulated Aluminum
Conductors in Underground Electrical Ducts (Three Conductors per
Electrical Duct) Based on Ambient Earth Temperature of 20C,
Electrical Duct Arrangement per Figure 3.10.1.60, 100 Percent Load
Factor, Thermal Resistance (RHO) of 90, Conductor Temperatures
of 90C and 105C
Temperature Rating of Conductor
(See Table 3.10.1.61)
2 0015 000 Volts
5 00135 000 Volts
Ampacity
Ampacity
Conductor
105C
105C
Size
90C Type
Type
90C Type
Type
mm2
MV-90
MV-105
MV-90
MV-105
One Circuit (See Figure 3.10.1.60, Detail 1.)
125
245
265
245
265
175
300
320
300
325
250
370
400
370
400
375
465
500
450
485
400
485
520
470
505
500
535
580
520
555
Three Circuits (See Figure 3.10.1.60, Detail 2.)
125
200
215
195
215
175
240
260
240
255
250
295
320
290
315
375
365
390
350
380
400
380
405
365
395
500
420
455
400
435
Six Circuits (See Figure 3.10.1.60, Detail 3.)
125
160
175
160
170
175
190
205
195
205
250
240
255
230
250
375
285
310
275
300
400
295
325
285
315
500
330
355
315
340

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Table A15. Ampacities of Three Insulated Copper Conductors
Cabled Within an Overall Covering (Three-Conductor Cable) in
Underground Electrical Ducts (One Cable per Electrical Duct)
Based on Ambient Earth Temperature of 20C, Electrical Duct
Arrangement per Figure 3.10.1.60, 100 Percent Load Factor,
Thermal Resistance (RHO) of 90, Conductor Temperatures of 90C
and 105C
Temperature Rating of Conductor
(See Table 3.10.1.61)
2 0015 000 Volts
5 00135 000 Volts
Ampacity
Ampacity
Conductor
105C
105C
Size
90C Type
Type
90C Type
Type
mm2
MV-90
MV-105
MV-90
MV-105
One Circuit (See Figure 3.10.1.60, Detail 1.)
125
285
310
305
330
175
350
375
370
395
250
430
460
450
485
375
525
565
540
580
400
545
585
560
600
500
590
635
605
650
Three Circuits (See Figure 3.10.1.60, Detail 2.)
125
240
260
250
265
175
290
310
300
320
250
355
380
360
385
375
425
460
425
460
400
440
480
440
480
500
480
515
480
510
Six Circuits (See Figure 3.10.1.60, Detail 3.)
125
195
215
200
215
175
235
265
240
270
250
290
310
290
305
375
345
370
335
360
400
360
385
350
375
500
385
415
375
400

90

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A16. Ampacities of Three Insulated Aluminum Conductors
Cabled Within an Overall Covering (Three-Conductor Cable) in
Underground Electrical Ducts (One Cable per Electrical Duct)
Based on Ambient Earth Temperature of 20C, Electrical Duct
Arrangement per Figure 3.10.1.60, 100 Percent Load Factor,
Thermal Resistance (RHO) of 90, Conductor Temperatures of 90C
and 105C
Temperature Rating of Conductor
(See Table 3.10.1.61)
2 0015 000 Volts
5 00135 000 Volts
Ampacity
Ampacity
Conductor
105C
105C
Size
90C Type
Type
90C Type
Type
mm2
MV-90
MV-105
MV-90
MV-105
One Circuit (See Figure 3.10.1.60, Detail 1.)
125
225
240
240
260
175
275
305
290
310
250
340
365
355
385
375
420
455
435
470
400
435
475
450
490
500
490
530
505
535
Three Circuits (See Figure 3.10.1.60, Detail 2.)
125
185
200
195
210
175
225
245
235
250
250
280
300
285
305
375
340
370
345
370
400
355
385
360
385
500
395
425
395
425
Six Circuits (See Figure 3.10.1.60, Detail 3.)
125
155
165
155
165
175
185
200
190
200
250
230
245
230
245
375
275
300
270
290
400
285
315
280
300
500
315
340
310
330

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Table A17. Ampacities of Single Insulated Copper Conductors
Directly Buried in Earth Based on Ambient Earth Temperature of
20C, Arrangement per Figure 3.10.1.60, 100 Percent Load Factor,
Thermal Resistance (RHO) of 90, Conductor Temperatures of 90C
and 105C
Temperature Rating of Conductor
(See Table 3.10.1.61)
2 0015 000 Volts
5 00135 000 Volts
Ampacity
Ampacity
Conductor
105C
105C
Size
90C Type
Type
90C Type
Type
2
mm
MV-90
MV-105
MV-90
MV-105
One Circuit, Three Conductors (See Figure 3.10.1.60, Detail 9.)
125
460
500
430
465
175
560
610
530
570
250
690
745
650
700
375
835
900
795
855
400
870
940
830
890
500
970
1 045
920
995
Two Circuits, Six Conductors (See Figure 3.10.1.60, Detail 10.)
125
425
460
405
430
175
510
550
490
525
250
630
680
600
645
375
765
825
730
785
400
800
860
760
820
500
880
950
845
910

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Table A18. Ampacities of Single Insulated Aluminum Conductors
Directly Buried in Earth Based on Ambient Earth Temperature of
20C, Arrangement per Figure 3.10.1.60, 100 Percent Load Factor,
Thermal Resistance (RHO) of 90, Conductor Temperatures of 90C
and 105C
Temperature Rating of Conductor
(See Table 3.10.1.61)
2 0015 000 Volts
5 00135 000 Volts
Ampacity
Ampacity
Conductor
105C
105C
Size
90C Type
Type
90C Type
Type
2
mm
MV-90
MV-105
MV-90
MV-105
One Circuit, Three Conductors (See Figure 3.10.1.60, Detail 9.)
125
365
390
340
365
175
440
475
410
445
250
540
580
510
545
375
660
710
630
670
400
685
740
655
700
500
770
830
730
785
Two Circuits, Six Conductors (See Figure 3.10.1.60, Detail 10.)
125
355
360
315
340
175
405
435
380
410
250
495
530
470
505
375
605
650
575
620
400
630
675
595
645
500
700
775
670
720

93

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A19. Ampacities of Three Insulated Copper Conductors
Cabled Within an Overall Covering (Three-Conductor Cable),
Directly Buried in Earth Based on Ambient Earth Temperature of
20C, Arrangement per Figure 3.10.1.60, 100 Percent Load Factor,
Thermal Resistance (RHO) of 90, Conductor Temperatures of 90C
and 105C
Temperature Rating of Conductor
(See Table 3.10.1.61)
2 0015 000 Volts
5 00135 000 Volts
Ampacity
Ampacity
Conductor
105C
105C
Size
90C Type
Type
90C Type
Type
mm2
MV-90
MV-105
MV-90
MV-105
One Circuit (See Figure 3.10.1.60, Detail 5.)
125
360
390
375
405
175
435
470
455
490
250
530
570
550
590
375
640
690
660
710
400
670
720
685
740
500
720
775
740
800
Two Circuits, (See Figure 3.10.1.60, Detail 6.)
125
335
340
325
350
175
405
435
415
445
250
490
525
500
535
375
590
635
600
645
400
610
660
625
670
500
655
705
665
720

94

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Table A20. Ampacities of Three Insulated Aluminum Conductors
Cabled Within an Overall Covering (Three-Conductor Cable),
Directly Buried in Earth Based on Ambient Earth Temperature of
20C, Arrangement per Figure 3.10.1.60, 100 Percent Load Factor,
Thermal Resistance (RHO) of 90, Conductor Temperatures of 90C
and 105C
Temperature Rating of Conductor
(See Table 3.10.1.61)
2 0015 000 Volts
5 00135 000 Volts
Ampacity
Ampacity
Conductor
105C
105C
Size
90C Type
Type
90C Type
Type
mm2
MV-90
MV-105
MV-90
MV-105
One Circuit (See Figure 3.10.1.60, Detail 5.)
125
280
305
295
315
175
340
370
355
385
250
420
450
435
470
375
515
555
535
575
400
535
575
555
595
500
590
640
610
655
Two Circuits, (See Figure 3.10.1.60, Detail 6.)
125
260
280
270
290
175
315
340
325
350
250
385
415
395
425
375
475
510
480
520
400
495
530
500
540
500
540
580
550
590

95

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A21. Ampacities of Three Triplexed Single Insulated Copper
Conductors Directly Buried in Earth Based on Ambient Earth
Temperature of 20C, Arrangement per Figure 3.10.1.60, 100
Percent Load Factor, Thermal Resistance (RHO) of 90, Conductor
Temperatures 90C and 105C
Temperature Rating of Conductor
(See Table 3.10.1.61)
2 0015 000 Volts
5 00135 000 Volts
Ampacity
Ampacity
Conductor
105C
105C
Size
90C Type
Type
90C Type
Type
mm2
MV-90
MV-105
MV-90
MV-105
One Circuit, Three Conductors (See Figure 3.10.1.60, Detail 7.)
125
405
435
385
405
175
485
570
465
500
250
590
635
565
605
375
715
770
675
730
400
745
805
705
760
500
815
875
760
820
Two Circuits, Six Conductors (See Figure 3.10.1.60, Detail 8.)
125
365
390
350
375
175
440
475
420
450
250
535
575
510
545
375
640
690
610
655
400
670
720
635
680
500
730
785
680
735

96

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A22. Ampacities of Three Triplexed Single Insulated
Aluminum Conductors Directly Buried in Earth Based on Ambient
Earth Temperature of 20C, Arrangement per Figure 3.10.1.60, 100
Percent Load Factor, Thermal Resistance (RHO) of 90, Conductor
Temperatures 90C and 105C
Temperature Rating of Conductor
(See Table 3.10.1.61)
2 0015 000 Volts
5 00135 000 Volts
Ampacity
Ampacity
90C
105C
90C
105C
Conductor
Size
Type
Type
Type
Type
mm2
MV-90
MV-105
MV-90
MV-105
One Circuit, Three Conductors (See Figure 3.10.1.60, Detail 7.)
125
175
250
375
400
500

315
380
465
575
595
660

345
415
500
620
645
715

300
365
445
545
565
625

320
395
480
585
605
670

Two Circuits, Six Conductors (See Figure 3.10.1.60, Detail 8.)


125
175
250
375
400
500

285
345
420
515
535
590

305
370
455
555
575
635

97

275
330
405
480
500
555

295
450
435
520
540
595

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A23. Minimum Wire-Bending Space at Terminals

Wire Size
mm2
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400

Wires per Terminal


2
3
mm
mm

1
mm
215d
250e
305e
330e
350e
380e
405e
430e

(50)
(75)
(75)
(75)
(75)
(75)
(75)
(75)

215d
250d
305e
330e
350e
400e
460e
480e

(50)
(50)
(50)
(75)
(75)
(75)
(75)
(75)

230b
280b
330e
350e
380e
455e
510e
560e

(25)
(25)
(25)
(75)
(75)
(75)
(75)
(75)

4 or more
mm
250
300
350d
380e
400e
480e
560e
610e

(75)
(75)
(75)
(75)
(75)

1. Bending space at terminals shall be measured in a straight line from the end of the
lug or wire connector in a direction perpendicular to the enclosure wall.
2. For removable and lay-in wire terminals intended for only one wire, bending space
shall be permitted to be reduced by the following number of millimeters:
a 13 mm
b 25 mm
c 40 mm
d 50 mm
e 75 mm
3. This column shall be permitted to determine the required wire-bending space for
compact stranded aluminum conductors in sizes up to 500 mm2 and manufactured using
AA-8000 series electrical grade aluminum alloy conductor material in accordance with
3.10.1.14.

98

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A24. Full-Load Current, Three-Phase Alternating-Current
Motors
The following values of full-load currents are typical for motors running at speeds usual for belted
motors and motors with normal torque characteristics.
The voltages listed are rated motor voltages. The currents listed shall be permitted for system

voltage ranges of 220 to 240, 380 to 415, and 440 to 480 volts.

Horsepower

1
1
2
3
5
7
10
15
20
25
30
40
50
60
75
100
125
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500

Induction-Type Squirrel
Cage and Wound Rotor
(Amperes)
230
400
460
Volts
Volts
Volts
2.2
1.3
1.1
3.2
1.8
1.6
4.2
2.3
2.1
6.0
3.3
3.0
6.8
4.3
3.4
9.6
6.1
4.8
15.2
9.7
7.6
22
14
11
28
18
14
42
27
21
54
34
27
68
44
34
80
51
40
104
66
52
130
83
65
154
103
77
192
128
96
248
165
124
312
208
156
360
240
180
480
320
240

403
302

482
361

560
414

636
477

711
515

786
590

Synchronous-Type Unity
Power Factor* (Amperes)
230
400
460
Volts
Volts
Volts

53
33.6
26
63
40.8
32
83
52
41
104
66.4
52
123
81.6
61
155
104
78
202
134.4
101
253
168
126
302
201.3
151
400
268
201

*For 90 and 80 percent power factor, the figures shall be multiplied by 1.1 and 1.25,
respectively.

99

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A25. Conversion Table of Polyphase Design B, C, and D
Maximum Locked-Rotor Currents for Selection of Disconnecting
Means and Controllers as Determined from Horsepower and
Voltage Rating and Design Letter
For use only with 4.30.9.10, 4.40.2.2, 4.40.5.1 and 4.55.1.8(c).
Maximum Motor Locked-Rotor Current in Amperes,
Two- and Three-Phase, Design B, C, and D*
230 Volts
400 volts
460 Volts
Rated
Horsepower
B, C, D
E
B, C, D
E
B, C, D
E

20
20
12.
12
10
10

25
25
14.5
14.5
12.5
12.5
1
30
30
16.5
16.5
15
15
1
40
40
22
22
20
20
2
50
50
32
32
25
25
3
64
73
41
46.5
32
36.5
5
92
122
59
78
46
61
7
127
183
81
116.5
63.5
91.5
10
162
225
104.5
145.5
81
113
15
232
337
149.5
217.5
116
169
20
290
449
183
283.5
145
225
25
365
562
237
364
183
281
30
435
674
278
430
218
337
40
580
824
368.5
523
290
412
50
725
1030
463.5
658
363
515
60
870
1236
582
827
435
618
75
1085
1545
724
1031
543
773
100
1450
1873
965
1247
725
937
125
1815
2341
1211
1561.5
908
1171
150
2170
2809
1447
1873.5
1085
1405
200
2900
3745
1933.5
2497.5
1450
1873
250

2435.5
3128
1825
2344
300

2937.5
3750.5
2200
2809
350

3449.5
4433
2550
3277
400

3867
4993.5
2900
3745
450

4487
5818
3250
4214
500

4829.5
6237.5
3625
4682
*Design A motors are not limited to a maximum starting current or locked rotor
current.

100

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A26 Ampacities of Two or Three Insulated Conductors,
Rated 0 through 2000 Volts, Within an Overall Covering
(Multiconductor Cable), in Raceway in Free Air Based on Ambient
Air Temperature of 30C
Temperature Rating of Conductor. See Table 3.10.1.13
750C
900C
600C
750C
900C
Types
Types
THHN,
THHN,
Types
THHW,
Types
THHW,
RH,
THW-2,
RH,
THW-2,
RHW,
Types
THWN-2,
RHW,
THWN-2,
THHW,
Types
TW,
RHH,
THHW,
RHH,
THW,
TW
UF
RHW-2,
THW,
RHW-2,
THWN,
USE-2,
THWN,
USE-2,
XHHW,
XHHW,
XHHW
XHHW,
ZW
XHHW-2,
XHHW-2,
ZW-2
ZW-2
COPPER
ALUMINUM
600C

Conductor Size
mm2

125
150
175
200
250

205
234
250
274
315

245
281
300
328
378

276
317
340
371
427

160
185
199
218
254

192
221
238
261
303

217
250
270
295
342

*Unless otherwise specifically permitted elsewhere in this Code, the overcurrent protection for
these conductor types shall not exceed 15 amperes for 2.0 mm2 (1.6 mm dia.), 20 amperes for 3.5
mm2 (2.0 mm dia.), and 30 amperes for 5.5 mm2 (2.6 mm dia.) copper; or 15 amperes for 3.5 mm2
(2.0 mm dia.) and 25 amperes for 5.5 mm2 (2.6 mm dia.) aluminum and copper-clad aluminum.

101

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A27. Ampacities of Multiconductor Cables with Not More
than Three Insulated Conductors, Rated 0 Through 2000 Volts, in
Free Air Based on Ambient Air Temperature of 40C (For Types
TC, MC, MI, UF, and USE Cables)
Temperature Rating of Conductor. See Table 3.10.1.13.
750C
850C
900C
600C
750C
850C
900C
COPPER
ALUMINUM
125
212
274
305
320
166
214
239
250
150
237
306
341
357
186
240
268
280
175
257
332
371
388
202
261
292
304
200
281
363
406
425
222
287
317
334
250
321
416
465
487
255
330
368
385
*Unless otherwise specifically permitted elsewhere in this Code, the overcurrent protection for
these conductor types shall not exceed 15 amperes for 2.0 mm2 (1.6 mm dia.), 20 amperes for 3.5
mm2 (2.0 mm dia.), and 30 amperes for 5.5 mm2 (2.6 mm dia.) copper; or 15 amperes for 3.5 mm2
(2.0 mm dia.), and 25 amperes for 5.5 mm2 (2.6 mm dia.) aluminum and copper-clad aluminum.
Conductor Size
mm2

600C

102

3 Electrical Duct
(Fig. B-310-2,
Detail 2)
Conductor
Size
(mm2)

103
125
175
250
400

Types
RHW, THHW,
THW, THWN,
XHHW, USE
RHO
60
LF
50
410
503
624
794

RHO
90
LF
100
344
418
511
640

RHO
120
LF
100
327
396
484
603

6 Electrical Duct
(Fig. B-310-2,
Detail 3)
Types
RHW, THHW,
THW, THWN,
XHHW, USE
COPPER
RHO
RHO
RHO
60
90
120
LF
LF
LF
50
100
100
386
295
275
472
355
330
583
431
400
736
534
494

9 Electrical Duct
(Fig. B-310-2,
Detail 4)

3 Electrical Duct
(Fig. B-310-2,
Detail 2)

6 Electrical Duct
(Fig. B-310-2,
Detail 3)

9 Electrical Duct
(Fig. B-310-2,
Detail 4)

Types
RHW, THHW,
THW, THWN,
XHHW, USE

Types
RHW, THHW,
THW, THWN,
XHHW, USE

Types
RHW, THHW,
THW, THWN,
XHHW, USE
ALUMINUM
RHO
RHO
RHO
60
90
120
LF
LF
LF
50
100
100
302
230
214
369
277
258
457
337
313
581
421
389

Types
RHW, THHW,
THW, THWN,
XHHW, USE

RHO
60
LF
50
369
446
545
674

RHO
90
LF
100
270
322
387
469

RHO
120
LF
100
252
299
360
434

RHO
60
LF
50
320
393
489
626

RHO
90
LF
100
269
327
401
505

RHO
120
LF
100
256
310
379
475

RHO
60
LF
50
288
350
430
538

RHO
90
LF
100
211
252
305
375

RHO
120
LF
100
197
235
284
347

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual

Table A28. Ampacities of Single Insulated Conductors, Rated 0 through 2000 Volts, in Nonmagnetic
Underground Electrical Ducts (One Conductor per Electrical Duct), Based on Ambient Earth
Temperature of 20C, Electrical Duct Arrangement per Figure B-310-2, Conductor Temperature
75C

Conductor
Size
(mm2)

104
125
175
250
400
500

1 Electrical Duct
(Fig. B-310-2, Detail 1)

3 Electrical Duct
(Fig. B-310-2, Detail 2)

Types
RHW, THHW,
THW, THWN,
XHHW, USE

Types
RHW, THHW,
THW, THWN,
XHHW, USE

6 Electrical Duct
1 Electrical Duct
(Fig. B-310-2, Detail 3) (Fig. B-310-2, Detail 1)
Types
RHW, THHW,
THW, THWN,
XHHW, USE

Types
RHW, THHW,
THW, THWN,
XHHW, USE

COPPER
RHO
60
LF
50
297
363
444
552
628

RHO
90
LF
100
265
321
389
478
539

RHO
120
LF
100
256
310
375
459
518

RHO
60
LF
50
280
340
414
511
579

RHO
90
LF
100
222
267
320
388
435

3 Electrical Duct
(Fig. B-310-2, Detail 2)

6 Electrical Duct
(Fig. B-310-2, Detail 3)

Types
RHW, THHW,
THW, THWN,
XHHW, USE

Types
RHW, THHW,
THW, THWN,
XHHW, USE

ALUMINUM
RHO
120
LF
100
209
250
299
362
405

RHO
60
LF
50
258
312
377
462
522

RHO
90
LF
100
184
219
261
314
351

RHO
120
LF
100
169
202
240
288
321

RHO
60
LF
50
233
285
352
446
521

RHO
90
LF
100
207
252
308
386
447

RHO
120
LF
100
201
244
297
372
430

RHO
60
LF
50
219
267
328
413
480

RHO
90
LF
100
174
209
254
314
361

RHO
120
LF
100
163
196
237
293
336

RHO
60
LF
50
505
245
299
374
433

RHO
90
LF
100
144
172
207
254
291

RHO
120
LF
100
132
158
190
233
266

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual

Table A29. Ampacities of Three Insulated Conductors, Rated 0 through 2000 Volts, Within an Overall
Covering (Three-Conductor Cable) in Underground Electrical Ducts (One Cable per Electrical Duct)
Based on Ambient Earth Temperature of 20C, Electrical Duct Arrangement per Figure B-310-2,
Conductor Temperature 75C

Table A30. Ampacities of Three Single Insulated Conductors, Rated 0 Through 2000 Volts, in
Underground Electrical Ducts (Three Conductors per Electrical Duct) Based on Ambient Earth
Temperature of 20C, Electrical Duct Arrangement per Figure B-310-2, Conductor Temperature 75C

Types
Types
Types
Conductor RHW, THHW, THW, RHW, THHW, THW, RHW, THHW, THW,
THWN, XHHW, USE THWN, XHHW, USE THWN, XHHW, USE
Size
mm2
COPPER
RHO
60
LF
50

105

125
150
175
200

334
373
409
442

RHO
90
LF
100

290
321
351
376

RHO
120
LF
100

279
308
337
361

RHO
60
LF
50

310
344
377
394

RHO
90
LF
100

236
260
283
302

RHO
120
LF
100

RHO
60
LF
50

RHO
90
LF
100

RHO
120
LF
100

220
242
264
280

281
310
340
368

192
210
228
243

176
192
209
223

Types
Types
Types
RHW, THHW, THW, RHW, THHW, THW, RHW, THHW, THW,
THWN, XHHW, USE THWN, XHHW, USE THWN, XHHW, USE
ALUMINUM
RHO
60
LF
50

261
293
321
349

RHO
90
LF
100

227
252
276
297

RHO
120
LF
100

218
242
265
284

RHO
60
LF
50

242
272
296
321

RHO
90
LF
100

RHO
120
LF
100

RHO
60
LF
50

RHO
90
LF
100

RHO
120
LF
100

185
204
222
238

172
190
207
220

220
245
266
288

150
165
179
191

137
151
164
174

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual

1 Electrical Duct
3 Electrical Duct
6 Electrical Duct
1 Electrical Duct
3 Electrical Duct
6 Electrical Duct
(Fig. B-310-2, Detail 1) (Fig. B-310-2, Detail 2) (Fig. B-310-2, Detail 3) (Fig. B-310-2, Detail 1) (Fig. B-310-2, Detail 2) (Fig. B-310-2, Detail 3)

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A31. Ampacities of Two or Three Insulated Conductors,
Rated 0 Through 2000 Volts, Cabled Within an Overall (Two- or
Three-Conductor) Covering, Directly Buried in Earth, Based on
Ambient Earth Temperature of 20C, Arrangement per Figure
B-310-2, 100 Percent Load Factor, Thermal Resistance (Rho) of 90

Conductor
Size
mm2

125
175
250
400
500

1 Cable
2 Cable
(Fig. B-310-2,
(Fig. B-310-2,
Detail 5)
Detail 6)
600C
750C
600C
750C
Types
Types
RHW,
RHW,
THHW,
THHW,
Types
Types
THW,
THW,
UF
UF
THWN,
THWN,
XHHW,
XHHW,
USE
USE
COPPER

333

308

401

370

481

442

585

535

657

600

1 Cable
2 Cable
(Fig. B-310-2,
(Fig. B-310-2,
Detail 5)
Detail 6)
600C
750C
600C
750C
Types
Types
RHW,
RHW,
THHW,
THHW,
Types
Types
THW,
THW,
UF
UF
THWN,
THWN,
XHHW,
XHHW,
USE
USE
ALUMINUM

261

241

315

290

381

350

473

433

545

497

Note: For ampacities of Type UF cable in underground electrical ducts, multiply the
ampacities shown in the table by 0.74.

106

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A32. Ampacities of Three Triplexed Single Insulated
Conductors, Rated 0 Through 2000 Volts, Directly Buried in Earth
Based on Ambient Earth Temperature of 20C, Arrangement per
Figure B-310-2, 100 Percent Load Factor, Thermal Resistance (Rho)
of 90

Conductor
Size
mm2
125
175
250
400
500

See Fig. B-310-2,


Details 8
750C
600C
750C
TYPES
USE
UF
USE
COPPER
370

336
445

403
436

483
654

587
744

665

See Fig. B-310-2,


Details 7

600C
UF

See Fig. B-310-2, See Fig. B-310-2,


Details 7
Details 8
600C
750C
600C
750C
TYPES
UF
USE
UF
USE
ALUMINUM

289

263

349

316

424

382

525

471

608

544

Table A33. Ampacities of Three Single Insulated Conductors, Rated


0 Through 2000 Volts, Directly Buried in Earth Based on Ambient
Earth Temperature of 20C, Arrangement per Figure B-310-2, 100
Percent Load Factor, Thermal Resistance (Rho) of 90

Conductor
Size
mm2

600C
UF

See Fig. B-310-2,


Detail 10
750C
600C
750C
TYPES
USE
UF
USE

125
175
250
400

429
516
626
767

See Fig. B-310-2,


Detail 9

See Fig. B-310-2, See Fig. B-310-2,


Detail 9
Detail 10
600C
750C
600C
750C
TYPES
UF
USE
UF
USE

COPPER

ALUMINUM
394
474
572
700

107

335
403
490
605

308
370
448
552

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A34. Maximum Number of Conductors and Fixture Wires in
Electrical Metallic Tubing (Based on Table 9.1.1.1)

Type
RH
RHH,
RHW, RHW-2
RH,
RHH,
RHW, RHW-2

TW

RHH*, RHW*,
RHW-2*, THW,
THHW, THW-2
RHH*, RHW*,
RHW-2*, THHW,
THW
RHH*, RHW*,
THW-2*, THW,
THHW, THW-2
RHH*, RHW*,
RHW-2*, TW,
THW, THHW,
THW-2

Conductor
Size [mm2
(mm dia.)]
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
2.0 (1.6)

CONDUCTORS
Raceway Size (mm)
15

20

25

32

40

50

65

80

90

100

6
4
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
00
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
8
6
5
2
6

10
8
7
6
5
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
15
11
8
5
10

16
13
11
9
8
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
25
19
14
8
16

28
23
20
17
13
7
5
4
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
43
33
24
13
28

39
31
27
23
18
9
8
6
4
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
58
45
33
18
39

64
51
46
38
30
16
13
10
7
5
4
4
3
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
96
74
55
30
64

112
90
80
66
53
28
22
17
13
9
7
6
5
5
3
3
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
168
129
96
53
112

169
136
120
100
81
42
34
26
20
13
11
10
8
7
5
5
4
4
3
3
2
2
1
254
195
145
81
169

221
177
157
131
105
55
44
34
26
17
15
13
11
9
7
6
6
5
4
4
3
3
2
332
255
190
105
221

282
227
201
167
135
70
56
44
33
22
19
17
14
12
9
8
7
7
6
5
4
4
3
424
326
243
135
282

3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)

4
3

8
6

13
10

23
18

31
24

51
40

90
70

136
106

177
138

227
177

8.0 (3.2)

10

14

24

42

63

83

106

14
22
30
38

1
1
1
1

3
1
1
1

4
3
2
1

8
6
4
3

11
8
6
4

18
13
10
7

32
24
17
12

48
36
26
18

63
47
34
24

81
60
44
31

50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0

1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0

2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1

6
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1

10
9
7
6
5
4
4
3
3

16
13
11
9
7
6
6
5
4

20
17
15
12
10
8
7
7
6

26
22
19
16
13
11
10
9
7

*Types RHH, RHW, and RHW-2 without outer covering.

108

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A34. Continued
Conductor
Type
Size [mm2
(mm dia.)]
RHH*, RHW*,
325
RHW-2*, TW,
375
THW, THHW,
400
THW-2
500
THHN, THWN,
2.0 (1.6)
THWN-2
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500
FEP, FEPB, PFA, 2.0 (1.6)
PFAH, TFE
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30
PFA, PFAH, TFE
38
PFA, PFAH,
TFE, Z

XHH, XHHW,
XHHW-2, ZW

50
60
80
100
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30
38
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)

CONDUCTORS
Raceway Size (mm)
15

20

25

32

40

50

65

90

100

0
0
0
0
12
9
5
3
2
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
12
9
6
3
2
1
1
1

0
0
0
0
22
16
10
6
4
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
21
15
11
6
4
3
1
1

0
0
0
0
35
26
16
9
7
4
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
34
25
18
10
7
5
3
2

1
0
0
0
61
45
28
16
12
7
5
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
60
43
31
18
12
9
6
4

1
1
1
0
84
61
38
22
16
10
7
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
81
59
42
24
17
12
8
6

1
1
1
1
138
101
63
36
26
16
11
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
134
98
70
40
28
20
13
9

2
1
1
1
241
176
111
64
46
28
20
15
12
10
8
7
6
5
4
4
3
2
1
1
1
234
171
122
70
50
35
24
16

3
3
3
2
364
266
167
96
69
43
30
22
19
16
13
11
9
7
6
6
5
4
3
3
2
354
258
185
106
75
53
36
25

4
4
4
3
476
347
219
126
91
56
40
29
25
20
17
14
11
10
9
8
6
5
4
4
3
462
337
241
138
98
69
47
33

6
5
5
4
608
443
279
161
116
71
51
37
32
26
22
18
15
13
11
10
8
7
5
5
4
590
430
309
177
126
88
60
42

1
0
0
0
14
10
6
4
3
1
1
1
8
6
5
2

1
1
1
1
25
18
11
7
5
3
1
1
15
11
8
5

1
1
1
1
41
29
18
11
8
5
3
2
25
19
14
8

3
3
2
1
72
51
31
20
14
9
6
4
43
33
24
13

5
4
3
2
98
69
42
27
19
13
8
6
58
45
33
18

8
6
5
4
161
114
70
44
31
21
13
10
96
74
55
30

14
11
9
8
282
200
122
77
54
37
22
18
168
129
96
53

21
17
14
11
426
302
185
117
82
56
34
28
254
195
145
81

27
22
18
15
556
394
241
153
107
74
45
36
332
255
190
105

35
29
24
19
711
504
309
195
137
94
57
46
424
326
243
135

*Types RHH, RHW, and RHW-2 without outer covering.

109

80

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A34. Continued

Type
XHH, XHHW,
XHHW-2, ZW

Conductor
Size [mm2
(mm dia.)]
14
22
30

XHH, XHHW,
XHHW-2

38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500

CONDUCTORS
Raceway Size (mm)
15

20

25

32

40

50

65

80

90

100

1
1
1

3
2
1

6
4
3

10
7
5

14
10
7

22
16
11

39
28
20

60
43
31

78
56
40

100
72
51

1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0

4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0

5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0

8
7
6
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1

15
13
10
9
7
6
5
4
4
3
2
1
1
1

23
19
16
13
11
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
2

30
25
21
17
14
12
10
9
8
6
5
4
4
3

38
32
27
22
18
15
13
11
10
8
6
5
5
4

FIXTURE WIRES
Type
FFH-2, RFH-2, FHH-3
SF-2, SFF-2

SF-1, SFF-1
RFH-1, RFHH-2, TF, TFF, XF,
XFF
RFHH-2, TF, TFF, XF, XFF
XF, XFF
TFN, TFFN
PF, PFF, PGF, PGFF, PAF,
PTF, PTFF, PAFF
HF, HFF, ZF, ZFF, ZHF

KF-2, KFF-2

KF-1, KFF-1

XF, XFF

Conductor
Size (mm2)
0.75
1.25
0.75
1.25
2.0
0.75
0.75

15
8
7
10
8
7
18
14

20
14
12
18
15
12
33
24

1.25
2.0
0.75
1.25
0.75
1.25
2.0
0.75
1.25
2.0
0.75
1.25
2.0
3.5
5.5
0.75
1.25
2.0
3.5
5.5
3.5
5.5

11
8
22
17
21
16
12
27
20
14
39
27
19
13
8
46
33
22
14
9
4
3

19
15
38
29
36
28
21
47
35
25
69
48
33
23
15
82
57
38
25
16
8
6

Raceway Size (mm)


25
32
24
41
20
34
30
52
25
43
20
34
53
92
39
68
31
25
63
48
59
46
34
77
56
41
111
78
54
37
25
133
93
63
41
27
13
10

55
43
108
83
103
79
60
133
98
72
193
136
93
64
43
230
161
108
72
47
23
18

40
56
47
71
58
47
125
92

50
92
78
116
96
78
206
152

74
58
148
113
140
108
81
181
133
98
262
185
127
87
58
313
220
148
98
64
31
24

123
96
244
186
231
179
134
298
220
161
433
305
209
144
96
516
362
244
161
105
51
40

Note: This table is for concentric stranded conductors only. For compact stranded
conductors, Table A35 should be used.

110

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A35. Maximum Number of Compact Conductors in Electrical
Metallic Tubing (Based on Table 9.1.1.1)
Type

Conductor
Size (mm2)

THW,
THW-2, THHW

8.0
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500
8.0
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500
8.0
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500

THHN, THWN,
THWN-2

XHHW, XHHW2

15

COMPACT CONDUCTORS
Raceway Size (mm)
20
25
32
40
50
65

80

90

100

2
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

2
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

4
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
5
4
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

69
53
40
29
21
18
15
13
11
8
7
6
6
5
4
3
3
2

78
48
34
26
22
18
15
12
10
8
7
6
5
4
4
4
3
90
66
48
34
26
22
18
15
13
10
9
8
7
6
4
3
3
3

90
70
52
38
27
23
20
17
14
11
9
8
8
6
5
4
4
3

102
63
45
34
29
24
20
16
13
11
10
9
7
6
5
5
3
117
87
63
45
34
29
24
20
17
13
11
10
9
7
6
5
5
4

115
89
67
49
34
30
25
21
18
14
12
1110
8

6
5
4
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0

7
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
8
6
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0

11
9
6
5
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0

13
8
6
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
15
11
8
6
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0

16
12
9
7
4
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

18
11
8
6
5
4
3
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
20
15
11
8
6
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

26
20
15
11
8
7
5
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1

29
18
13
10
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
34
25
18
13
10
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1

46
35
26
19
13
12
10
8
7
5
5
4
4
3
2
1
1
1

52
32
23
17
14
12
10
8
6
5
5
4
4
3
2
2
1
59
44
32
23
17
14
12
10
8
7
6
5
4
4
3
2
2
1

7
5
5
4

130
81
58
43
37
30
25
21
16
14
12
11
9
7
6
6
4
149
111
81
58
43
37
31
25
21
17
14
13
11
9
8
6
6
5

Definition: Compact stranding is the result of a manufacturing process where the


standard conductor is compressed to the extent that the interstices (voids between strand
wires) are virtually eliminated.

111

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A36. Maximum Number of Conductors and Fixture Wires in Electrical
Nonmetallic Tubing (Based on Table 9.1.1.1)
CONDUCTORS
Type
RH
RHH, RHW,
RHW-2
RH,
RHH, RHW,
RHW-2

TW

RHH*, RHW*,
RHW-2*, THHW,
THW, THW-2
RHH*, RHW*,
RHW-2*, THHW,
THW
RHH*, RHW*,
RHW-2*, THHW,
THW, THW-2
RHH*, RHW*,
RHW-2*, TW,
THW, THHW,
THW-2

Conductor Size
[mm2 (mm dia.)]
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
2.0 (1.6)

15
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
7
5
4
1
4

20
8
7
6
5
4
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
13
10
7
4
8

3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)

3
3

7
5

8.0 (3.2)

14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500

1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Raceway Size
25
15
12
10
9
7
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
22
17
13
7
15

(mm)
32
27
21
19
16
13
6
5
4
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
40
31
23
13
27

40
37
29
26
22
17
9
7
6
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
55
42
32
17
37

50
61
49
43
36
29
15
12
9
7
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
92
71
52
29
61

12
9

21
17

29
23

49
38

10

14

23

2
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

7
5
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0

10
8
6
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0

17
13
9
6
5
5
4
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

*Type RHH, RHW, and RHW-2 without outer covering.

112

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A36. Continued

CONDUCTORS
Type
THHN, THWN,
THWN-2

FEP, FEPB,
PFA, PFAH,
TFE

PFA, PFAH,
TFE
PFA, PFAH,
TFE, Z

XHH, XHHW,
XHHW-2, ZW

Conductor Size
[mm2 (mm dia.)]
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30
38

15
10
7
4
2
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
10
7
5
3
1
1
1
1

20
18
13
8
5
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
18
13
9
5
4
2
1
1

50
60
80
100
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30
38
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30

0
0
0
0
12
8
5
3
1
1
1
1
7
5
4
1
1
1
1

1
1
1
1
22
15
9
6
4
3
1
1
13
10
7
4
3
1
1

113

Raceway Size
25
32
23
15
8
6
4
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
31
23
16
9
6
4
3
1
1
1
1
1
38
27
16
10
7
5
3
2
22
17
13
7
5
4
2

(mm)
32
58
42
26
15
11
7
5
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
56
41
29
17
12
8
5
4

40
80
58
36
21
15
9
6
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
77
56
40
23
16
11
8
5

50
132
96
60
35
25
15
11
8
7
5
4
4
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
128
93
67
38
27
19
13
9

3
2
1
1
68
48
29
18
13
9
5
4
40
31
23
13
9
7
5

4
4
3
2
93
66
40
25
18
12
7
6
55
42
32
17
13
9
6

7
6
5
4
154
109
67
42
30
20
12
10
92
71
52
29
21
15
11

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A36. Continued

CONDUCTORS
Type
XHH, XHHW,
XHHW-2

Conductor Size
[mm2 (mm dia.)]
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500

15
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Raceway Size
25
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0

20
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

(mm)
32
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0

40
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0

50
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1

(mm)
32
39
32
49
40
32
86
64

40
53
45
67
55
45
119
88

50
88
74
111
92
74
197
145

FIXTURE WIRES
Type
FFH-2, RFH-2, RFHH-3
SF-2, SFF-2

SF-1, SFF-1
RFH-1, RFHH-2, TF,
TFF, XF, XFF
RFHH-2, TF, TFF, XF,
XFF
XF, XFF
TFN, TFFN
PF, PFF, PGF, PGFF,
PAF, PTF, PTFF, PAFF
HF, HFF, ZF, ZFF, ZHF

KF-2, KFF-2

KF-1, KFF-1

XF, XFF

Raceway Size
25
21
18
27
22
18
48
35

Conductor Size
(mm2)
0.75
1.25
0.75
1.25
2.0
0.75
0.75

15
6
5
8
7
5
15
11

20
12
10
15
13
10
28
20

1.25

16

29

51

71

117

2.0
0.75
1.25
0.75
1.25
2.0
0.75
1.25
2.0
0.75
1.25
2.0
3.5
5.5
0.75
1.25
2.0
3.5
5.5
3.5
5.5

7
18
13
17
13
10
22
16
12
31
22
15
10
7
38
26
18
12
7
3
3

13
33
25
31
24
18
40
29
22
58
41
28
19
13
69
49
33
22
14
7
5

22
57
43
54
42
31
70
51
38
101
71
49
33
22
121
85
57
38
24
12
9

40
102
78
97
75
56
125
92
68
182
128
88
60
40
217
152
102
68
44
21
17

55
141
107
133
103
77
172
127
93
250
176
121
83
55
298
209
141
93
61
29
23

92
233
178
221
171
128
285
210
154
413
291
200
138
92
493
346
233
154
101
49
38

Note: This table is for concentric stranded conductors only. For compact stranded
conductors, Table A37 should be used.

114

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A37. Maximum Number of Compact Conductors in Electrical Nonmetallic
Tubing (Based on Table 9.1.1.1)

Type
THW, THW-2,
THHW

THHN, THWN,
THWN-2

XHHW,
XHHW-2

Conductor Size
(mm2)
8.0
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500
8.0
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500
8.0
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500

COMPACT CONDUCTORS
Raceway Size (mm)
15
20
25
32
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

4
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

6
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

7
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
8
6
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0

11
8
6
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0

12
7
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
14
10
7
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0

40

50

15
11
8
6
4
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0

17
10
7
5
5
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
19
14
10
7
5
5
4
3
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

25
19
14
10
7
6
5
4
4
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1

28
17
12
9
8
6
5
4
3
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
32
24
17
12
9
8
7
5
4
3
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1

Definition: Compact stranding is the result of a manufacturing process where the


standard conductor is compressed to the extent that the interstices (voids between strand
wires) are virtually eliminated.

115

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A38 Maximum Number of Conductors and Fixture Wires in
Flexible Metal Conduit (Based on Table 9.1.1.1)

Type
RH
RHH, RHW,
RHW-2
RH, RHH,
RHW,
RHW-2

TW

RHH*, RHW*,
RHW-2*, THW,
THHW, THW-2
RHH*, RHW*,
RHW-2*, THW,
THHW,
RHH*, RHW*,
RHW-2*, THW,
THHW, THW-2
RHH*, RHW*,
RHW-2*, TW,
THW, THHW,
THW-2

Conductor
Size [mm2
(mm dia.)]
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
2.0 (1.6)

CONDUCTORS
Raceway Size (mm)
15

20

25

32

40

50

65

80

90

100

6
5
4
3
3
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
9
7
5
3
6

10
8
7
6
5
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
15
11
8
5
10

15
12
11
9
7
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
23
18
13
7
15

24
19
17
14
11
6
5
4
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
36
28
21
11
24

35
28
25
21
17
9
7
5
4
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
53
41
30
17
35

62
50
44
37
30
15
12
10
7
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
94
72
54
30
62

94
75
67
55
45
23
19
14
11
7
6
5
5
4
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
141
108
81
45
94

135
108
96
80
64
34
27
21
16
10
9
8
7
6
4
4
3
3
3
2
1
1
1
203
156
116
64
135

184
148
131
109
88
46
37
29
22
14
12
11
9
8
6
5
5
4
4
3
2
2
1
277
212
158
88
184

240
193
171
142
115
60
48
37
28
19
16
14
12
10
8
7
6
6
5
4
3
3
3
361
277
207
115
240

3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)

5
4

8
6

12
10

19
15

28
22

50
39

75
59

108
85

148
115

193
151

8.0 (3.2)

13

23

35

51

69

90

14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250

1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

3
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0

4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0

7
5
4
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

10
7
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1

18
13
10
7
6
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1

27
20
14
10
9
7
6
5
4
3
3
3
2

39
29
21
15
12
10
9
7
6
5
4
4
3

53
39
29
20
17
14
12
10
8
7
6
6
5

69
51
37
26
22
19
16
13
11
9
8
7
6

*Type RHH, RHW, and RHW-2 without outer covering.

116

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A38 Continued

Type
RHH*, RHW*,
RHW-2*, TW,
THW, THHW,
THW-2
THHN, THWN,
THWN-2

FEP, FEPB,
PFA, PFAH,
TFE

PFA, PFAH, TFE


PFA, PFAH,
TFE, Z

XHH, XHHW,
XHHW-2, ZW

CONDUCTORS
Raceway Size (mm)

Conductor
Size [mm2
(mm dia.)]
325
375
400
500
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30
38

15

20

25

32

40

50

65

80

90

100

0
0
0
0
13
9
6
3
2
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
12
9
6
4
2
1
1
1

0
0
0
0
22
16
10
6
4
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
21
15
11
6
4
3
1
1

0
0
0
0
33
24
15
9
6
4
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
32
24
17
10
7
5
3
2

0
0
0
0
52
38
24
14
10
6
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
51
37
26
15
11
7
5
3

1
1
1
0
76
56
35
20
14
9
6
4
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
74
54
39
22
16
11
7
5

1
1
1
1
134
98
62
35
25
16
11
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
130
95
68
39
28
19
13
9

1
1
1
1
202
147
93
53
38
24
17
12
10
9
7
6
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
196
143
103
59
42
29
20
14

3
2
2
1
291
212
134
77
55
34
24
18
15
12
10
8
7
6
5
5
4
3
2
2
1
282
206
148
85
60
42
29
20

4
3
3
2
396
289
182
105
76
46
33
24
20
17
14
12
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
3
385
281
201
115
82
57
39
27

5
4
4
3
518
378
238
137
99
61
43
32
27
22
18
15
12
11
9
8
7
5
4
4
3
502
367
263
151
107
75
51
36

50
60
80
100
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30
38
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30

1
1
0
0
15
11
6
4
3
1
1
1
9
7
5
3
1
1
1

1
1
1
1
25
18
11
7
5
3
1
1
15
11
8
5
3
2
1

1
1
1
1
39
28
17
11
7
5
3
2
23
18
13
7
5
4
3

3
2
1
1
61
43
26
17
12
8
5
4
36
28
21
11
8
6
4

4
3
3
2
89
63
39
24
17
12
7
6
53
41
30
17
12
9
6

8
6
5
4
157
111
68
43
30
21
12
10
94
72
54
30
22
16
11

11
9
8
6
236
168
103
65
45
31
19
15
141
108
81
45
33
24
17

17
14
11
9
340
241
148
93
65
45
27
22
203
156
116
64
48
34
24

23
19
15
13
463
329
201
127
89
61
37
30
277
212
158
88
65
47
33

30
24
20
16
605
429
263
166
117
80
49
39
361
277
207
115
85
61
44

117

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A38 Continued

Type
XHH, XHHW,
XHHW-2

Conductor
Size [mm2
(mm dia.)]
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500

COMPACT CONDUCTORS
Raceway Size (mm)
15

20

25

32

40

50

65

1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0

3
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0

5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0

8
7
6
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1

13
10
9
7
6
5
4
4
3
3
1
1
1
1

80
18
15
13
10
9
7
6
5
5
4
3
2
2
1

90

100

25
21
17
14
12
10
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
3

32
27
23
19
15
13
11
9
8
7
5
4
4
3

FIXTURE WIRES
Conductor Size
(mm2)
FFH-2, RFH-2, RFHH-3
0.75
1.25
SF-2, SFF-2
0.75
1.25
2.0
SF-1, SFF-1
0.75
RFH-1, RFHH-2, TF,
0.75
TFF, XF, XFF
RFHH-2, TF, TFF, XF,
1.25
XFF
XF, XFF
2.0
TFN, TFFN
0.75
1.25
PF, PFF, PGF, PGFF,
0.75
PAF, PTF, PTFF, PAFF
1.25
2.0
HF, HFF, ZF, ZFF, ZHF
0.75
1.25
2.0
KF-2, KFF-2
0.75
1.25
2.0
3.5
5.5
KF-1, KFF-1
0.75
1.25
2.0
3.5
5.5
XF, XFF
3.5
5.5
Type

15
8
7
11
9
7
19
14

20
14
12
18
15
12
32
24

11

19

9
23
17
22
17
12
28
20
15
41
28
19
13
9
48
34
23
15
10
5
4

15
38
29
36
28
21
47
35
25
68
48
33
23
15
82
57
38
25
16
8
6

Raceway Size
25
22
19
28
23
19
50
37

(mm)
32
35
29
44
36
29
78
58

40
51
43
64
53
43
114
84

50
90
76
113
94
76
201
148

30

47

68

120

23
59
45
56
43
32
72
53
39
105
74
51
35
23
125
88
59
39
25
12
10

36
93
71
88
68
51
113
83
61
164
116
80
55
36
196
138
93
61
40
19
15

53
135
103
128
99
74
165
121
89
239
168
116
80
53
285
200
135
89
58
28
22

94
237
181
225
174
130
290
214
157
421
297
204
140
94
503
353
237
157
103
50
39

Note: This table is for concentric stranded conductors only. For compact stranded
conductors, Table A39 should be used.

118

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A39 Maximum Number of Compact Conductors in Flexible
Metal Conduit (Based on Table 9.1.1.1)
Type

Conductor
Size (mm2)

THW, THHW,
THW-2

8.0
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500
8.0
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500
8.0
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500

THHN, THWN,
THWN-2

XHHW,
XHHW-2

COMPACT CONDUCTORS
Raceway Size (mm)
15
20
25
32
40
50
65

80

90

100

2
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

3
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

55
43
32
23
16
14
12
10
8
7
6
5
5
4
3
2
2
1

62
38
28
21
17
14
12
10
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
3
1
71
53
38
28
21
17
15
12
10
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
3
2

75
58
43
32
22
19
16
14
11
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
3

85
52
38
28
24
20
17
14
11
9
8
7
6
5
4
4
3
97
72
52
38
28
24
20
17
14
11
9
8
7
6
5
4
4
3

98
76
57
42
29
25
21
18
15
12
10
9
8
7
6
5
5
4

111
69
49
37
31
26
22
18
14
12
10
9
8
6
5
5
4
127
95
69
49
37
31
26
22
18
14
12
11
10
8
6
5
5
4

4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

4
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
5
4
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

6
5
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0

7
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
8
6
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0

10
7
5
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0

11
7
5
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
13
9
7
5
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0

14
11
8
6
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0

16
10
7
5
4
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
19
14
10
7
5
4
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

25
20
15
11
7
6
5
4
4
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1

29
18
13
9
8
6
5
4
3
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
33
24
18
13
9
8
7
5
4
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1

38
29
22
16
11
10
8
7
6
4
4
3
3
3
1
1
1
1

43
27
19
14
12
10
8
7
5
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
50
37
27
19
14
12
10
8
7
5
5
4
4
3
2
1
1
1

Definition: Compact stranding is the result of a manufacturing process where the


standard conductor is compressed to the extent that the interstices (voids between strand
wires) are virtually eliminated.

119

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A40 Maximum Number of Conductors and Fixture Wires in Intermediate
Metal Conduit (Based on Table 9.1.1.1)

Type
RH
RHH, RHW,
RHW-2
RH, RHH, RHW,
RHW-2

TW

RHH*, RHW*,
RHW-2*, THW,
THHW, THW-2
RHH*, RHW*,
RHW-2*, THHW,
THW
RHH*, RHW*,
RHW-2*, THW,
THHW, THW-2
RHH*, RHW*,
RHW-2*, TW,
THW, THHW,
THW-2

CONDUCTORS
Raceway Size (mm)

Conductor
Size [mm2
(mm dia.)]
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
2.0 (1.6)

15

20

25

32

40

50

65

80

90

100

6
5
4
4
3
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
10
7
5
3
6

11
9
8
6
5
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
17
13
9
5
11

18
14
13
11
8
4
3
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
27
21
15
8
18

31
25
22
18
15
8
6
5
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
47
36
27
15
31

42
34
30
25
20
10
8
6
5
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
64
49
36
20
42

69
56
49
41
33
17
14
11
8
5
4
4
3
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
104
80
59
33
69

98
79
70
58
47
24
19
15
11
7
6
6
5
4
3
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
147
113
84
47
98

151
122
108
89
72
38
30
23
18
12
10
9
7
6
5
4
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
228
175
130
72
151

202
163
144
120
97
50
40
31
24
16
14
12
10
9
6
6
5
5
4
3
3
3
2
304
234
174
97
202

261
209
186
154
124
65
52
41
31
20
18
15
13
11
8
7
7
6
5
4
4
4
3
392
301
224
124
261

3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)

5
4

9
7

14
11

25
19

34
26

56
43

79
61

122
95

163
127

209
163

8.0 (3.2)

12

16

26

37

57

76

98

14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250

1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0

5
4
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0

9
6
5
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1

12
9
6
4
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1

20
15
11
7
6
5
4
4
3
2
1
1

28
21
15
11
9
8
6
5
4
4
3
2

43
32
23
16
14
12
10
8
7
6
4
4

58
43
31
22
19
16
13
11
9
8
6
5

75
56
41
28
24
20
17
14
12
10
8
7

*Type RHH, RHW, and RHW-2 without outer covering.

120

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A40 Continued
CONDUCTORS
Type
RHH*, RHW*,
RHW-2*, TW,
THW, THHW,
THW-2
THHN, THWN,
THWN-2

FEP, FEPB,
PFA, PFAH, TFE

PFA, PFAH, TFE


PFA, PFAH,
TFE, Z

XHH, XHHW,
XHHW-2, ZW

Conductor
Size [mm2
(mm dia.)]
325
375
400
500
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30
38
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30

Raceway Size (mm)


15

20

25

32

40

50

65

80

90

100

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

1
0
0

1
1
0

1
1
1

1
1
1

3
2
1

4
3
3

5
4
3

14
10
6
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
13
10
7
4
3
1
1
1

24
17
11
6
4
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
23
17
12
7
5
3
2
1

39
29
18
10
7
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
38
28
20
11
8
5
4
2

68
49
31
18
13
8
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
66
48
34
19
14
10
6
4

91
67
42
24
17
10
7
5
4
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
89
65
46
26
19
13
9
6

149
109
68
39
28
17
12
9
8
6
5
4
3
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
145
106
76
43
31
21
15
10

211
154
97
56
40
25
17
13
11
9
7
6
5
4
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
205
150
107
61
44
30
21
14

326
238
150
86
62
38
27
20
17
14
12
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
3
2
317
231
166
95
67
47
32
22

436
318
200
115
83
51
36
27
23
19
16
13
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
4
3
423
309
221
127
90
63
43
30

562
410
258
149
107
66
47
35
29
24
20
17
13
12
10
9
7
6
5
5
4
545
398
285
163
116
81
56
39

1
1
0
0
16
11
7
4
3
1
1
1
10
7
5
3
1
1
1

1
1
1
1
28
20
12
7
5
3
1
1
17
13
9
5
4
3
1

1
1
1
1
46
32
20
12
9
6
3
3
27
21
15
8
6
4
3

4
3
2
1
79
56
34
21
15
10
6
5
47
36
27
15
11
8
5

5
4
3
3
107
76
46
29
20
14
8
7
64
49
36
20
15
11
7

8
7
6
5
175
124
76
48
33
23
14
11
104
80
59
33
24
18
12

12
10
8
7
247
175
107
68
47
33
20
16
147
113
84
47
35
25
18

19
15
13
10
381
271
166
105
73
50
30
25
228
175
130
72
53
39
27

25
21
17
14
510
362
221
140
98
67
41
33
304
234
174
97
71
52
37

32
27
22
18
657
466
285
180
127
87
53
43
392
301
224
124
92
67
47

121

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A40 Continued
CONDUCTORS
Type

Conductor
Size [mm2
(mm dia.)]

XHH, XHHW,
XHHW-2

38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500

Raceway Size (mm)


15

20

25

32

40

50

65

80

90

100

1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0

4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0

5
5
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

9
8
6
5
4
3
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1

13
11
9
7
6
5
4
4
3
3
2
1
1
1

20
17
14
12
10
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
3
2

27
23
19
16
13
11
9
8
7
6
5
4
4
3

35
30
25
20
17
14
12
10
9
8
6
5
5
4

FIXTURE WIRES
Conductor Size
(mm2)
FHH-2, RFH-2, RFHH-3
0.75
1.25
SF-2, SFF-2
0.75
1.25
2.0
SF-1, SFF-1
0.75
RFH-1, RFHH-2, TF,
0.75
TFF, XF, XFF
RFH-2, TF, TFF, XF, XFF
1.25
Type

XF, XFF
TFN, TFFN
PF, PFF, PGF, PGFF,
PAF, PTF, PTFF, PAFF
ZF, ZFF, ZHF, HF, HFF

KF-2, KFF-2

KF-1, KFF-1

XF, XFF

2.0
0.75
1.25
0.75
1.25
2.0
0.75
1.25
2.0
0.75
1.25
2.0
3.5
5.5
0.75
1.25
2.0
3.5
5.5
3.5
5.5

Raceway Size (mm)


25
32
26
45
22
38
33
57
27
47
22
38
59
101
43
75

15
9
8
12
10
8
21
15

20
16
13
20
17
13
36
26

12

21

35

10
25
19
23
18
13
30
22
16
44
31
21
14
10
52
37
25
16
10
5
4

17
42
32
40
31
23
52
38
28
75
53
36
25
17
90
63
42
28
18
9
7

27
69
53
66
51
38
85
63
46
123
87
60
41
27
147
103
69
46
30
14
11

40
61
51
77
64
51
137
101

50
100
84
126
104
84
223
165

60

81

133

47
119
91
113
87
66
146
108
79
212
149
103
70
47
253
178
119
79
52
25
19

64
161
123
153
118
89
197
145
107
287
202
139
95
64
342
240
161
107
70
34
26

104
264
201
250
193
145
322
238
175
468
330
227
156
104
558
392
264
175
114
56
43

Note: This table is for concentric stranded conductors only. For compact stranded
conductors, Table A41 should be used.

122

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A41 Maximum Number of Compact Conductors in
Intermediate Metal Conduit (Based on Table 9.1.1.1)
Type
THW, THW-2,
THHW

THHN, THWN,
THWN-2

XHHW, XHHW-2

Conductor
Size (mm2)

15

8.0
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500
8.0
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500
8.0
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500

2
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

3
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

COMPACT CONDUCTORS
Raceway Size (mm)
20
25
32
40
50
65
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

5
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
6
4
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

7
6
4
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0

8
5
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
9
7
5
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0

13
10
7
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0

14
9
6
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
16
12
9
6
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0

17
13
10
7
5
4
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

19
12
8
6
5
4
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
22
16
12
8
6
5
4
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

28
22
16
12
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
1

32
20
14
10
9
7
6
5
4
3
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
37
27
20
14
10
9
7
6
5
4
3
3
3
2
1
1
1
1

40
31
23
17
12
10
9
7
6
5
4
4
3
3
2
1
1
1

45
28
20
15
13
10
9
7
6
5
4
4
3
2
1
1
1
52
38
28
20
15
13
11
9
7
6
5
4
4
3
2
1
1
1

80

90

62
48
36
26
18
16
13
11
9
7
6
6
5
4
3
3
3
2

70
43
31
23
20
16
14
11
9
7
7
6
5
4
3
3
2
80
59
43
31
23
20
17
14
11
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
2

83
64
48
35
25
21
18
15
13
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
4
3

93
58
41
31
26
22
18
15
12
10
9
8
7
5
4
4
3
107
80
58
41
31
26
22
18
15
12
10
9
8
7
5
4
4
3

100
107
82
62
45
32
27
23
20
16
13
11
10
9
8
6
5
5
4

120
74
53
40
34
28
24
19
15
13
11
10
9
7
6
6
4
138
103
74
53
40
34
29
24
20
16
13
12
11
9
7
6
6
4

Definition: Compact stranding is the result of a manufacturing process where the


standard conductor is compressed to the extent that interstices (voids between strand
wires) are virtually eliminated.

123

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A42 Maximum Number of Conductors and Fixture Wires in
Liquidtight Flexible Nonmetallic Conduit (Type FNMC-B*) (Based on
Table 9.1.1.1)

Type
RH
RHH, RHW,
RHW-2
RH, RHH, RHW,
RHW-2

TW

RHH, RHW,
RHW-2, THW,
THHW, THW-2
RHH, RHW,
RHW-2, THHW,
THW
RHH, RHW,
RHW-2, THW,
THHW, THW-2
RHH, RHW,
RHW-2, TW,
THW, THHW,
THW-2

Conductor
Size [mm2
(mm dia.)]

CONDUCTORS
Raceway Size (mm)
10

15

20

25

32

40

50

2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
2.0 (1.6)

3
3
2
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
5
4
3
1
3

6
5
4
3
3
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
9
7
5
3
6

10
8
7
6
5
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
15
12
9
5
10

16
13
12
10
8
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
25
19
14
8
16

29
23
21
17
14
7
6
4
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
44
33
25
14
29

38
30
27
22
18
9
7
6
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
57
43
32
18
38

62
50
44
36
29
15
12
9
7
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
93
71
53
29
62

3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)

3
1

5
3

8
6

13
10

23
18

30
23

50
39

8.0 (3.2)

11

14

23

14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500

1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

3
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

5
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

8
6
4
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0

11
8
6
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0

18
13
9
7
6
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

*Corresponds to Section 3.51.2.1(2).


Types RHH, RHW, and RHW-2 without outer covering.

124

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A42 Continued
CONDUCTORS
Type
THHN, THWN,
THWN-2

FEP, FEPB, PFA,


PFAH, TFE

PFA, PFAH, TFE


PFA, PFAH, TFE,
Z

XHH, XHHW,
XHHW-2, ZW

Conductor
Size [mm2
(mm dia.)]

Raceway Size (mm)

2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30
38

10
8
5
3
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
7
5
4
1
1
1
1
0

15
13
9
6
3
2
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
12
9
6
3
2
1
1
1

20
22
16
10
6
4
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
21
15
11
6
4
3
1
1

25
36
26
16
9
7
4
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
35
25
18
10
7
5
3
2

32
63
46
29
16
12
7
5
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
61
44
32
18
13
9
6
4

40
81
59
37
21
15
9
7
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
79
57
41
23
17
12
8
5

50
133
97
61
35
25
15
11
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
129
94
68
39
27
19
13
9

50
60
80
100
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30
38
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30

0
0
0
0
9
6
4
2
1
1
0
0
5
4
3
1
1
1
1

1
1
0
0
15
10
6
4
3
1
1
1
9
7
5
3
1
1
1

1
1
1
1
26
18
11
7
5
3
1
1
15
12
9
5
3
2
1

1
1
1
1
42
30
18
11
8
5
3
2
25
19
14
8
6
4
3

3
3
2
1
73
52
32
20
14
9
6
5
44
33
25
14
10
7
5

4
4
3
2
95
67
41
26
18
12
7
6
57
43
32
18
13
9
7

7
6
5
4
156
111
68
43
30
20
12
10
93
71
53
29
22
16
11

125

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A42 Continued
CONDUCTORS
Type

Conductor
Size [mm2
(mm dia.)]

XHH, XHHW,
XHHW-2

Raceway Size (mm)


10
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500

15
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

20
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

25
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0

32
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0

40
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0

50
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1

FIXTURE WIRES
Type
FFH-2, RFH-2
SF-2, SFF-2

SF-1, SFF-1
RFH-1, RFHH-2, TF,
TFF, XF, XFF
RFHH-2, TF, TFF, XF,
XFF
XF, XFF
TFN, TFFN
PF, PFF, PGF, PGFF,
PAF, PTF, PTFF, PAFF
HF, HFF, ZF, ZFF, ZHF

KF-2, KFF-2

KF-1, KFF-1

XF, XFF

Conductor
Size (mm2)
0.75
1.25
0.75
1.25
2.0
0.75
0.75

10
5
4
6
5
4
11
8

15
8
7
11
9
7
19
14

Raceway Size (mm)


20
25
32
15
24
42
12
20
35
19
30
53
15
25
44
12
20
35
33
53
94
24
39
69

40
54
46
69
57
46
122
90

50
89
75
113
93
75
199
147

1.25

11

20

32

56

72

119

2.0
0.75
1.25
0.75
1.25
2.0
0.75
1.25
2.0
0.75
1.25
2.0
3.5
5.5
0.75
1.25
2.0
3.5
5.5
3.5
5.5

5
14
10
13
10
7
17
12
9
24
17
12
8
5
29
20
14
9
6
3
1

9
23
17
21
16
12
28
20
15
40
28
19
13
9
48
34
23
15
10
5
3

15
39
30
37
29
21
48
35
26
70
49
34
23
15
83
58
39
26
17
8
6

25
63
48
60
46
35
77
57
42
112
79
54
37
25
134
94
63
42
27
13
10

44
111
85
105
81
61
136
100
73
197
139
95
65
44
235
165
111
73
48
23
18

57
144
110
136
105
79
176
129
95
255
180
123
85
57
304
214
144
95
62
30
23

93
236
180
223
173
129
288
212
156
418
295
202
139
93
499
350
236
156
102
50
39

Note: This table is for concentric stranded conductors only. For compact
stranded conductors, Table A43 should be used.

126

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A43 Maximum Number of Compact Conductors in Liquidtight Flexible
Nonmetallic Conduit (Type FNMC-B*) (Based on Table 9.1.1.1)

Type
THW, THW-2,
THHW

THHN, THWN,
THWN-2

XHHW,
XHHW-2

Conductor
Size (mm2)
8.0
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500
8.0
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500
8.0
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500

COMPACT CONDUCTORS
Raceway Size (mm)
10
15
20
25
32
1
2
4
7
12
1
1
3
5
9
1
1
2
4
7
1
1
1
3
5
0
1
1
1
3
0
1
1
1
3
0
0
1
1
2
0
0
1
1
1
0
0
1
1
1
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1
2
4
7
13
1
1
3
4
8
1
1
1
3
6
0
1
1
2
4
0
1
1
1
4
0
1
1
1
3
0
0
1
1
2
0
0
1
1
1
0
0
1
1
1
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
1
3
5
9
15
1
2
4
6
11
1
1
3
4
8
1
1
1
3
6
0
1
1
2
4
0
1
1
1
4
0
1
1
1
3
0
0
1
1
2
0
0
1
1
1
0
0
1
1
1
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0

40
15
12
9
6
4
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

17
11
7
6
5
4
3
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
20
15
11
7
6
5
4
3
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

50
25
19
14
11
7
6
5
4
4
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1

28
17
12
9
8
6
5
4
3
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
33
24
17
12
9
8
7
5
4
3
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1

*Corresponds to Section 3.51.2.1(2).

Definition: Compact stranding is the result of a manufacturing process where the standard conductors
compressed to the extent that the interstices (voids between strand wires) are virtually eliminated.

127

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A44 Maximum Number of Conductors and Fixture Wires in Liquidtight
Flexible Nonmetallic Conduit (Type FNMC-A*) (Based On Table 9.1.1.1)

Type
RH
RHH, RHW,
RHW-2
RH, RHH, RHW,
RHW-2

TW

RHH, RHW,
RHW-2, THW,
THHW, THW-2
RHH, RHW,
RHW-2, THHW,
THW
RHH, RHW,
RHW-2, THW,
THHW, THW-2
RHH, RHW,
RHW-2, TW,
THW, THHW,
THW-2

Conductor
Size [mm2
(mm dia.)]

CONDUCTORS
Raceway Size (mm)
10

15

20

25

32

40

50

2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
2.0 (1.6)

3
3
2
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
5
4
3
1
3

6
4
4
3
3
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
9
7
5
3
6

10
8
7
6
5
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
15
12
9
5
10

16
13
11
9
8
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
24
19
14
8
16

28
23
20
17
13
7
5
4
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
43
33
24
13
28

38
31
27
23
18
9
7
6
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
58
44
33
18
38

64
51
45
38
30
16
13
10
7
5
4
4
3
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
96
74
55
30
64

3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)

3
1

4
3

8
6

13
10

23
18

31
24

51
40

8.0 (3.2)

10

14

24

14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500

1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

3
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

8
6
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0

11
8
6
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0

18
13
10
7
6
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

*Correspond to Section 3.51.2.1(1).


Types RHH, RHW,and RHW-2 without outer covering.

128

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A44 Continued

Type
THHN, THWN,
THWN-2

FEP, FEPB,
PFA, PFAH,
TFE

PFA, PFAH,
TFE
PFA, PFAH,
TFE, Z

XHH, XHHW,
XHHW-2, ZW

Conductor
Size [mm2
(mm dia.)]
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30
38
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30

CONDUCTORS
Raceway Size (mm)
10

15

20

25

32

40

50

8
5
3
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
7
5
4
1
1
1
1
0

13
9
6
3
2
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
12
9
6
3
2
1
1
1

22
16
10
6
4
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
21
15
11
6
4
3
1
1

35
25
16
9
6
4
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
34
25
18
10
7
5
3
2

62
45
28
16
12
7
5
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
60
44
31
18
13
9
6
4

83
60
38
22
16
9
7
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
80
59
42
24
17
12
8
5

137
100
63
36
26
16
11
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
133
97
70
40
28
20
13
9

0
0
0
0
9
6
4
2
1
1
1
1
5
4
3
1
1
1
1

1
1
0
0
15
10
6
4
3
1
1
1
9
7
5
3
1
1
1

1
1
1
1
25
18
11
7
5
3
1
1
15
12
9
5
3
2
1

1
1
1
1
41
29
18
11
8
5
3
2
24
19
14
8
5
4
3

3
3
2
1
72
51
31
20
14
9
6
4
43
33
24
13
10
7
5

5
4
3
2
97
69
42
26
18
13
8
6
58
44
33
18
13
10
7

8
6
5
4
161
114
70
44
31
21
13
10
96
74
55
30
22
16
11

129

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A44 Continued

Type
XHH, XHHW,
XHHW-2

CONDUCTORS
Raceway Size (mm)

Conductor
Size [mm2
(mm dia.)]
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500

10

15

20

25

32

40

50

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0

4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0

5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0

8
7
6
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1

FIXTURE WIRES
Type
FFH-2, RFH-2, RFHH-3
SF-2, SFF-2

SF-1, SFF-1
RFH-1, RFHH-2, TF,
TFF, XF, XFF
RFHH-2, TF, TFF, XF,
XFF
XF, XFF
TFN, TFFN
PF, PFF, PGF, PGFF,
PAF, PTF, PTFF, PAFF
HF, HFF, ZF, ZFF, ZHF

KF-2, KFF-2

KF-1, KFF-1

XF, XFF

Conductor Size
(mm2)
0.75
1.25
0.75
1.25
2.0
0.75
0.75

10
5
4
6
5
4
12
8

15
8
7
11
9
7
19
14

Raceway Size (mm)


20
25
32
14
23
41
12
20
35
18
29
52
15
24
43
12
20
35
33
52
92
24
39
68

40
55
47
70
58
47
124
91

50
92
77
116
96
77
205
152

1.25

11

19

31

55

74

122

2.0
0.75
1.25
0.75
1.25
2.0
0.75
1.25
2.0
0.75
1.25
2.0
3.5
5.5
0.75
1.25
2.0
3.5
5.5
3.5
5.5

5
14
10
13
10
7
17
12
9
25
17
12
8
5
29
21
14
9
6
3
1

9
22
17
21
16
12
27
20
15
40
28
19
13
9
48
33
22
15
10
4
3

15
39
29
37
28
21
47
35
25
69
48
33
23
15
82
57
39
25
17
8
6

24
62
47
59
45
34
76
56
41
110
77
53
36
24
131
92
62
41
27
13
10

43
109
83
103
80
60
133
98
72
193
136
94
64
43
231
162
109
72
47
23
18

58
146
112
139
107
80
179
132
97
260
183
126
86
58
310
218
146
97
63
31
24

96
243
185
230
178
133
297
219
161
431
303
209
143
96
514
361
243
161
105
51
40

Note: This table is for concentric stranded conductors only. For compact stranded
conductors, Table A45 should be used.

130

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A45 Maximum Number of Compact Conductors in
Liquidtight Flexible Nonmetallic Conduit (Type FNMC-A*) (Based
on Table 9.1.1.1)

Type
THW,
THW-2, THHW

THHN, THWN,
THWN-2

XHHW,
XHHW-2

Conductor
Size (mm2)
8.0
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500
8.0
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500
8.0
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500

COMPACT CONDUCTORS
Raceway Size (mm)
10
15
20
25
32

40

50

1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

16
12
9
6
4
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

18
11
8
6
5
4
3
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
20
15
11
8
6
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

26
20
15
11
8
7
5
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1

29
18
13
10
8
7
6
5
3
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
34
25
18
13
10
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1

2
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

2
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

4
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
5
4
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

*Corresponds to Section 3.51.2.1(1).

131

6
5
4
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0

7
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
8
6
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0

11
9
7
5
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0

13
8
6
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
15
11
8
6
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A46 Maximum Number of Conductors and Fixture Wires in Liquidtight
Flexible Metal Conduit (Based on Table 9.1.1.1)

Type
RH
RHH, RHW,
RHW-2
RH, RHH, RHW,
RHW-2

TW

RHH*, RHW*,
RHW-2*, THW,
THHW, THW-2
RHH*, RHW*,
RHW-2*, THHW,
THW
RHH*, RHW*,
RHW-2*, THW,
THHW, THW-2
RHH*, RHW*,
RHW-2*, TW,
THW, THHW,
THW-2

Conductor
Size [mm2
(mm dia.)]
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
2.0 (1.6)

CONDUCTORS
Raceway Size (mm)
15

20

25

32

40

50

65

80

90

100

6
5
4
3
3
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
9
7
5
3
6

10
8
7
6
5
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
15
12
9
5
10

16
13
12
10
8
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
25
19
14
8
16

29
23
21
17
14
7
6
4
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
44
33
25
14
29

38
30
27
22
18
9
7
6
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
57
43
32
18
38

62
50
44
36
29
15
12
9
7
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
93
71
53
29
62

93
75
66
55
44
23
18
14
11
7
6
5
4
4
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
140
108
80
44
93

143
115
102
84
68
36
28
22
17
11
10
8
7
6
4
4
3
3
3
2
1
1
1
215
165
123
68
143

186
149
133
110
89
46
37
29
22
14
13
11
9
8
6
5
5
4
4
3
2
2
1
280
215
160
89
186

243
195
173
144
116
61
48
38
29
19
16
14
12
10
8
7
6
6
5
4
3
3
3
365
280
209
116
243

3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)

5
3

8
6

13
10

23
18

30
23

50
39

75
58

115
89

149
117

195
152

8.0 (3.2)

11

14

23

35

53

70

91

14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250

1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

3
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0

5
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0

8
6
4
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

11
8
6
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1

18
13
9
7
6
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1

27
20
14
10
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
3
2

41
30
22
15
13
11
9
8
6
5
5
4
3

53
40
29
20
17
15
12
10
8
7
6
6
5

70
52
38
26
23
19
16
13
11
9
8
7
6

*Type RHH, RHW, and RHW-2 without outer covering.

132

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A46 Continued

Type
RHH*, RHW*,
RHW-2*, TW,
THW, THHW,
THW-2
THHN, THWN,
THWN-2

FEP, FEPB,
PFA, PFAH,
TFE

PFA, PFAH,
TFE
PFA, PFAH,
TFE, Z

XHH, XHHW,
XHHW-2, ZW

CONDUCTORS
Raceway Size (mm)

Conductor
Size [mm2
(mm dia.)]
325
375
400
500
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30
38

15

20

25

32

40

50

65

80

90

100

0
0
0
0
13
9
6
3
2
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
12
9
6
3
2
1
1
1

0
0
0
0
22
16
10
6
4
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
21
15
11
6
4
3
1
1

0
0
0
0
36
26
16
9
7
4
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
35
25
18
10
7
5
3
2

1
0
0
0
63
46
29
16
12
7
5
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
61
44
32
18
13
9
6
4

1
1
1
0
81
59
37
21
15
9
7
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
79
57
41
23
17
12
8
5

1
1
1
1
133
97
61
35
25
15
11
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
129
94
68
39
27
19
13
9

1
1
1
1
201
146
92
53
38
23
17
12
10
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
195
142
102
58
41
29
20
14

3
2
2
1
308
225
141
81
59
36
26
19
16
13
11
9
7
6
5
5
4
3
3
3
1
299
218
156
89
64
44
30
21

4
3
3
2
401
292
184
106
76
47
33
25
21
17
14
12
10
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
3
389
284
203
117
83
58
40
28

5
4
4
3
523
381
240
138
100
61
44
32
27
23
19
15
12
11
9
8
7
6
5
5
3
507
370
266
152
108
75
52
36

50
60
80
100
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30
38
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30

1
1
0
0
20
14
8
5
4
2
1
1
9
7
5
3
1
1
1

1
1
1
1
26
18
11
7
5
3
1
1
15
12
9
5
3
2
1

1
1
1
1
42
30
18
11
8
5
3
2
25
19
14
8
6
4
3

3
3
2
1
73
52
32
20
14
9
6
5
44
33
25
14
10
7
5

4
4
3
2
95
67
41
26
18
12
7
6
57
43
32
18
13
9
7

7
6
5
4
156
111
68
43
30
20
12
10
93
71
53
29
22
16
11

11
9
8
6
235
167
102
64
45
31
19
15
140
108
80
44
33
24
17

18
14
12
10
360
255
156
99
69
48
29
23
215
165
123
68
50
36
26

23
19
16
13
469
332
203
129
90
62
38
30
280
215
160
89
66
48
34

30
25
20
17
611
434
266
168
118
81
49
40
365
280
209
116
86
62
44

*Type RHH, RHW, and RHW-2 without outer covering.

133

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A46 Continued

Type
XHH, XHHW,
XHHW-2

Conductor
Size [mm2
(mm dia.)]
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500

CONDUCTORS
Raceway Size (mm)
15

20

25

32

40

50

65

80

90

100

1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0

4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0

5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0

8
7
6
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1

12
10
9
7
6
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1

19
16
13
11
9
7
6
5
5
4
3
3
3
1

25
21
17
14
12
10
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
3

33
28
23
19
16
13
11
10
8
7
6
5
5
3

FIXTURE WIRES
Type
FFH-2, RFH-2, RFHH-3
SF-2, SFF-2

SF-1, SFF-1
RFH-1, RFHH-2, TF,
TFF, XF, XFF
RFHH-2, TF, TFF, XF,
XFF
XF, XFF
TFN, TFFN
PF, PFF, PGF, PGFF,
PAF, PTF, PTFF, PAFF
HF, HFF, ZF, ZFF, ZHF

KF-2, KFF-2

KF-1, KFF-1

XF, XFF

Conductor Size
(mm2)
0.75
1.25
0.75
1.25
2.0
0.75
0.75

15
8
7
11
9
7
19
14

20
15
12
19
15
12
33
24

1.25

11

20

2.0
0.75
1.25
0.75
1.25
2.0
0.75
1.25
2.0
0.75
1.25
2.0
3.5
5.5
0.75
1.25
2.0
3.5
5.5
3.5
5.5

9
23
17
21
16
12
28
20
15
40
28
19
13
9
48
34
23
15
10
5
3

15
39
30
37
29
21
48
35
26
70
49
34
23
15
83
58
39
26
17
8
6

Raceway Size
25
24
20
30
25
20
53
39

(mm)
32
42
35
53
44
35
94
69

40
54
46
69
57
46
122
90

50
89
75
113
93
75
199
147

32

56

72

119

25
63
48
60
46
35
77
57
42
112
79
54
37
25
134
94
63
42
27
13
10

44
111
85
105
81
61
136
100
73
197
139
95
65
44
235
165
111
73
48
23
18

57
144
110
136
105
79
176
129
95
255
180
123
85
57
304
214
144
95
62
30
23

93
236
180
223
173
129
288
212
156
418
295
202
139
93
499
350
236
156
102
50
39

Note: This table is for concentric stranded conductors only. For compact stranded
conductors, Table A47 should be used.

134

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A47 Maximum Number of Compact Conductors
Liquidtight Flexible Metal Conduit (Based on Table 9.1.1.1)

Type
THW, THW-2,
THHW

THHN, THWN,
THWN-2

XHHW,
XHHW-2

Conductor
Size (mm2)

10

8.0
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500
8.0
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500
8.0
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500

1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

COMPACT CONDUCTORS
Raceway Size (mm)
15
20
25
32
40
50
2
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

2
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

4
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
5
4
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

7
5
4
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0

7
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
9
6
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0

12
9
7
5
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0

13
8
6
4
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
15
11
8
6
4
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0

15
12
9
6
4
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

17
11
7
6
5
4
3
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
20
15
11
7
6
5
4
3
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

25
19
14
11
7
6
5
4
4
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1

28
17
12
9
8
6
5
4
3
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
33
24
17
12
9
8
7
5
4
3
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1

in

65

80

90

100

38
29
22
16
11
10
8
7
6
4
4
3
3
3
1
1
1
1

43
26
19
14
12
10
8
7
5
4
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
49
37
26
19
14
12
10
8
7
5
5
4
4
3
2
1
1
1

58
45
34
25
17
15
13
11
9
7
6
5
5
4
3
3
3
1

66
41
29
22
19
15
13
10
8
7
6
5
5
4
3
3
2
76
56
41
29
22
19
16
13
11
8
7
6
6
5
4
3
3
2

76
59
44
32
23
20
16
14
12
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
3

86
53
38
28
24
20
17
14
11
9
8
7
6
5
4
4
3
98
73
53
38
28
24
20
17
14
11
9
8
7
6
5
4
4
3

99
77
57
42
30
26
21
18
15
12
10
9
8
7
6
5
5
4

112
69
50
37
32
26
22
18
14
12
11
9
8
6
5
5
4
129
95
69
50
37
32
27
22
18
15
12
11
10
8
6
5
5
4

Definition: Compact stranding is the result of a manufacturing process where the standard conductors
compressed to the extent that the interstices (voids between strand wires) are virtually eliminated.

135

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A48 Maximum Number of Conductors and Fixture Wires in Rigid Metal Conduit
(Based on Table 9.1.1.1)

CONDUCTORS
Type
RH
RHH, RHW,
RHW-2
RH, RHH, RHW,
RHW-2

TW

RHH*, RHW*,
RHW-2*, THW,
THHW, THW-2
RHH*, RHW*,
RHW-2*, THHW,
THW
RHH*, RHW*,
RHW-2*, THW,
THHW, THW-2
RHH*, RHW*,
RHW-2*, TW,
THW, THHW,
THW-2

Conductor
Size [mm2
(mm dia.)]
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
2.0 (1.6)

Raceway Size (mm)


15

20

25

32

40

50

65

80

90

100

125

150

6
5
4
3
3
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
9
7
5
3
6

10
8
7
6
5
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
15
12
9
5
10

17
13
12
10
8
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
25
19
14
8
17

29
23
21
17
14
7
6
4
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
44
33
25
14
29

39
32
28
23
19
10
8
6
4
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
59
45
34
19
39

65
52
46
38
31
16
13
10
7
5
4
4
3
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
98
75
56
31
65

93
75
66
55
44
23
18
14
11
7
6
5
4
4
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
140
107
80
44
93

143
115
102
85
68
36
29
22
17
11
10
8
7
6
4
4
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
216
165
123
68
143

191
154
136
113
91
48
38
30
23
15
13
11
10
8
6
5
5
4
4
3
3
3
1
288
221
164
91
191

246
198
176
146
118
61
49
38
29
19
17
14
12
11
8
7
6
6
5
4
3
3
3
370
284
212
118
246

387
311
276
229
185
97
77
60
46
30
26
23
20
17
13
11
10
9
8
6
5
5
4
581
446
332
185
387

558
448
398
330
267
139
112
87
66
44
38
33
28
24
18
16
15
13
11
9
8
8
6
839
644
480
267
558

3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)

5
3

8
6

13
10

23
18

32
25

52
41

75
58

115
90

154 198
120 154

311
242

448
350

8.0 (3.2)

11

15

24

35

54

72

92

145

209

14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250

1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

3
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0

5
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0

8
6
4
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

11
8
6
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1

18
14
10
7
6
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1

27
20
14
10
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
3
2

41
31
22
15
13
11
9
8
6
5
5
4
3

55
41
30
21
18
15
13
10
8
7
6
6
5

71
53
38
27
23
19
16
14
11
9
8
7
6

111
83
60
42
36
31
26
21
17
15
13
12
10

160
120
87
61
52
44
37
31
25
22
19
17
14

*Type RHH, RHW, and RHW-2 without outer covering.

136

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A48 Continued

CONDUCTORS
Type
RHH*, RHW*,
RHW-2*, TW,
THW, THHW,
THW-2
THHN, THWN,
THWN-2

FEP, FEPB, PFA,


PFAH, TFE

PFA, PFAH, TFE


PFA, PFAH, TFE,
Z

XHH, XHHW,
XHHW-2, ZW

Conductor
Size [mm2
(mm dia.)]
325
375
400
500
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30
38
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30

Raceway Size (mm)


15

20

25

32

40

50

65

80

0
0
0
0
13
9
6
3
2
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
12
9
6
3
2
1
1
1

0
0
0
0
22
16
10
6
4
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
22
16
11
6
4
3
1
1

0
0
0
0
36
26
17
9
7
4
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
35
26
18
10
7
5
3
2

1
0
0
0
63
46
29
16
12
7
5
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
61
44
32
18
13
9
6
4

1
1
1
0
85
62
39
22
16
10
7
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
83
60
43
25
17
12
8
6

1
1
1
1
140
102
64
37
27
16
11
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
136
99
71
41
29
20
14
9

1
1
1
1
200
146
92
53
38
23
17
12
10
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
194
142
102
58
41
29
20
14

3
2
2
1
309
225
142
82
59
36
26
19
16
13
11
9
7
6
5
5
4
3
3
3
1
300
219
157
90
64
44
31
21

4
5
3
4
3
4
2
3
412 531
301 387
189 244
109 140
79
101
48
62
34
44
25
33
21
27
18
23
15
19
12
16
10
13
8
11
7
10
7
8
5
7
4
6
4
5
4
5
3
4
400 515
292 376
209 269
120 154
85
110
59
77
41
53
28
37

8
12
7
10
7
10
5
8
833 1202
608 877
383 552
221 318
159 230
98
141
70
100
51
74
43
63
36
52
30
43
25
36
20
29
17
25
15
22
13
20
11
16
9
13
7
11
7
11
6
8
808 1166
590 851
423 610
242 350
172 249
120 174
83
120
57
83

1
1
0
0
15
10
6
4
3
1
1
1
9
7
5
3
1
1
1

1
1
1
1
26
18
11
7
5
3
1
1
15
12
9
5
3
2
1

1
1
1
1
42
30
18
11
8
5
3
2
25
19
14
8
6
4
3

3
3
2
1
73
52
32
20
14
9
6
5
44
33
25
14
10
7
5

5
4
3
2
100
71
43
27
19
13
8
6
59
45
34
19
14
10
7

8
6
5
4
164
116
71
45
31
22
13
10
98
75
56
31
23
16
12

11
9
8
6
234
166
102
64
45
31
19
15
140
107
80
44
33
24
17

18
14
12
10
361
256
157
99
69
48
29
23
216
165
123
68
51
37
26

24
19
16
13
482
342
209
132
93
64
39
31
288
221
164
91
68
49
35

48
40
33
27
974
691
423
267
188
129
78
63
581
446
332
185
137
99
70

137

90

100

30
25
21
17
621
440
269
170
120
82
50
40
370
284
212
118
87
63
45

125

150

69
57
47
39
1405
997
610
386
271
186
113
92
839
644
480
267
197
143
101

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A48 Continued

CONDUCTORS
Type
XHH, XHHW,
XHHW-2

Conductor
Size [mm2
(mm dia.)]
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500

Raceway Size (mm)


15

20

25

32

40

50

65

80

90

100

125

150

1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0

4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0

5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

9
7
6
5
4
3
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
1

12
10
9
7
6
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1

19
16
13
11
9
7
6
6
5
4
3
3
3
1

26
22
18
15
12
10
9
7
7
5
4
4
4
3

33
28
23
19
16
13
11
10
9
7
6
5
5
4

52
44
37
30
25
20
18
15
14
11
9
7
7
6

76
64
53
44
36
30
25
22
20
16
13
11
11
8

FIXTURE WIRES
Type
FFH-2, RFH-2, RFHH-3
SF-2, SFF-2

SF-1, SFF-1
RFH-1, RFHH-2, TF,
TFF, XF, XFF
RFHH-2, TF, TFF, XF,
XFF
XF, XFF
TFN, TFFN
PF, PFF, PGF, PGFF,
PAF, PTF, PTFF, PAFF
HF, HFF, ZF, ZFF, ZHF

KF-2, KFF-2

KF-1, KFF-1

XF, XFF

Conductor Size
(mm2)
0.75
1.25
0.75
1.25
2.0
0.75
0.75

15
8
7
11
9
7
19
14

20
15
12
19
15
12
33
25

1.25

11

20

2.0
0.75
1.25
0.75
1.25
2.0
0.75
1.25
2.0
0.75
1.25
2.0
3.5
5.5
0.75
1.25
2.0
3.5
5.5
3.5
5.5

9
23
17
21
16
12
28
20
15
40
28
19
13
9
48
34
23
15
10
5
3

15
40
30
38
29
22
48
36
26
71
50
34
23
15
84
59
40
26
17
8
6

Raceway Size
25
24
20
31
25
20
54
40

(mm)
32
42
35
53
44
35
94
69

40
57
48
72
59
48
127
94

50
94
79
118
98
79
209
155

32

56

76

125

25
64
49
61
47
35
79
58
42
114
80
55
38
25
136
96
64
42
28
13
10

44
111
84
105
81
61
135
100
73
197
138
95
65
44
235
165
111
73
48
23
18

59
150
115
143
110
83
184
136
100
267
188
129
89
59
318
224
150
100
65
32
25

98
248
189
235
181
136
303
223
164
439
310
213
146
98
524
368
248
164
107
52
41

Note: This table is for concentric stranded conductors only. For compact stranded
conductors, Table A49 should be used.

138

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A49 Maximum Number of Compact Conductors in Rigid
Metal Conduit (Based on Table 9.1.1.1)

Type
THW,
THW-2, THHW

THHN, THWN,
THWN-2

XHHW,
XHHW-2

Conductor
Size (mm2)
8.0
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500
8.0
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500
8.0
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500

15
2
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

2
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
00
0
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

COMPACT CONDUCTORS
Raceway Size (mm)
20
25
32
40
50
65
80
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

5
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
5
4
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

7
5
4
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0

8
5
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
9
6
5
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0

12
9
7
5
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0

13
8
6
4
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
15
11
8
6
4
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0

16
12
9
7
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

18
11
8
6
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
21
15
11
8
6
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

26
20
15
11
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1

30
18
13
10
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
34
25
18
13
10
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1

38
29
22
16
11
10
8
7
6
4
4
3
3
3
1
1
1
1

43
26
19
14
12
10
8
7
5
4
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
49
36
26
19
14
12
10
8
7
5
5
4
4
3
2
1
1
1

59
45
34
25
17
15
13
11
9
7
6
5
5
4
3
3
3
1

66
41
29
22
19
15
13
10
8
7
6
5
5
4
3
3
2
76
56
41
29
22
19
16
13
11
8
7
6
6
5
4
3
3
2

90

100

125

150

78
60
45
33
23
20
17
14
12
9
8
7
7
5
4
4
4
3

88
55
39
29
25
21
17
14
11
10
8
7
6
5
4
4
3
101
75
55
39
29
25
21
17
14
11
10
9
8
6
5
4
4
3

101
78
58
43
30
26
22
19
15
12
11
9
8
7
6
5
5
4

114
70
50
38
32
26
22
18
14
12
11
10
8
6
5
5
4
130
97
70
50
38
32
27
22
19
15
13
11
10
8
7
5
5
4

158
122
91
67
47
41
34
29
24
19
17
15
13
11
9
7
7
6

179
110
79
60
51
42
35
29
23
20
17
15
13
10
9
9
6
205
152
110
79
60
51
43
35
29
23
20
18
16
13
10
8
8
7

228
176
132
97
68
59
50
42
35
28
24
22
20
17
13
11
11
9

258
159
114
86
73
60
51
42
33
28
25
22
19
15
13
13
9
296
220
159
114
86
73
62
51
42
34
29
25
23
19
15
12
12
10

Definition: Compact stranding is the result of a manufacturing process where the standard conductors
compressed to the extent that the interstices (voids between strand wires) are virtually eliminated.

139

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A50 Maximum Number of Conductors and Fixture Wires in
Rigid PVC Conduit, Schedule 80 (Based on Table 9.1.1.1)
CONDUCTORS
Type
RH
RHH, RHW, RHW2
RH, RHH, RHW,
RHW-2

TW

RHH*, RHW*,
RHW-2*, THW,
THHW, THW-2
RHH*, RHW*,
RHW-2*, THHW,
THW
RHH*, RHW*,
RHW-2*, THW,
THHW, THW-2
RHH*, RHW*,
RHW-2*, TW,
THW THHW,
THW-2

Conductor
Size [mm2
(mm dia.)]

Raceway Size (mm)


15

20

25

32

40

50

65

80

90

100

125

150

2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
2.0 (1.6)

4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
6
5
3
1
4

8
6
5
4
3
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
11
9
6
3
8

13
10
9
7
6
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
20
15
11
6
13

23
19
17
14
11
6
4
3
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
35
27
20
11
23

32
26
23
19
15
8
6
5
4
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
49
38
28
15
32

55
44
39
32
26
13
11
8
6
4
3
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
82
63
47
26
55

79
63
56
46
37
19
16
12
9
6
5
4
4
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
118
91
67
37
79

123
99
88
73
59
31
24
19
14
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
185
142
106
59
123

166
133
118
98
79
41
33
26
20
13
11
10
8
7
5
5
4
4
3
3
2
2
1
250
192
143
79
166

215
173
153
127
103
54
43
33
25
17
15
13
11
9
7
6
5
5
4
3
3
3
2
324
248
185
103
215

341
274
243
202
163
85
68
53
41
27
23
20
17
15
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
5
4
514
394
294
163
341

490
394
349
290
234
122
98
77
58
38
33
29
25
21
16
14
13
12
10
8
7
7
5
736
565
421
234
490

3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)

3
2

6
5

10
8

19
15

26
20

44
34

63
49

99
77

133
104

173
135

274
214

394
307

8.0 (3.2)

12

20

29

46

62

81

128

184

14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500

1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

3
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

7
5
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0

9
7
5
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0

16
12
8
6
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

22
17
12
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
1

35
26
19
13
11
10
8
7
5
5
4
4
3
2
1
1
1

48
35
26
18
15
13
11
9
7
6
6
5
4
3
3
3
2

62
46
33
23
20
17
14
12
9
8
7
7
5
4
4
4
3

98
73
53
37
32
27
23
19
15
13
12
10
9
7
6
6
5

141
105
77
54
46
39
33
27
22
19
17
15
13
10
8
8
7

*Type RHH, RHW, and RHW-2 without outer covering.

140

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A50 Continued

CONDUCTORS
Type
THHN, THWN,
THWN-2

FEP, FEPB,
PFA, PFAH, TFE

PFA, PFAH, TFE


PFA, PFAH,
TFE, Z

XHH, XHHW,
XHHW-2, ZW

Conductor
Size [mm2
(mm dia.)]
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30
38
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30

Raceway Size (mm)


15

20

25

32

40

50

65

80

90

100

125

9
6
4
2
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
8
6
4
2
1
1
1
1

17
12
7
4
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
16
12
8
5
3
2
1
1

28
20
13
7
5
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
27
20
14
8
6
4
3
1

51
37
23
13
9
6
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
49
36
26
15
10
7
5
3

70
51
32
18
13
8
6
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
68
50
36
20
14
10
7
5

118
86
54
31
22
14
10
7
6
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
115
84
60
34
24
17
12
8

170
124
78
45
32
20
14
10
9
7
6
5
4
3
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
164
120
86
49
35
24
17
11

265
193
122
70
51
31
22
16
14
11
9
8
6
5
5
4
3
3
2
2
1
257
188
135
77
55
38
26
18

358
261
164
95
68
42
30
22
18
15
13
10
8
7
6
6
5
4
3
3
2
347
253
182
104
74
52
35
25

464
338
213
123
89
54
39
29
24
20
17
14
11
9
8
7
6
5
4
4
3
450
328
235
135
96
67
46
32

736 1055
537 770
338 485
195 279
141 202
86
124
61
88
45
65
38
55
32
46
26
38
22
31
18
25
15
22
13
19
12
17
10
14
8
12
7
9
7
9
5
7
714 1024
521 747
374 536
214 307
152 218
106 153
73
105
51
73

0
0
0
0
10
7
4
3
2
1
1
0
6
5
3
1
1
1
1

1
1
1
0
19
14
8
5
4
2
1
1
11
9
6
3
2
1
1

1
1
1
1
33
23
14
9
6
4
2
2
20
15
11
6
4
3
2

3
2
1
1
59
42
26
16
11
8
5
4
35
27
20
11
8
6
4

4
3
2
1
82
58
36
22
16
11
6
5
49
38
28
15
11
8
6

7
5
4
4
138
98
60
38
26
18
11
9
82
63
47
26
19
14
10

10
8
6
5
198
141
86
54
38
26
16
13
118
91
67
37
28
20
14

15
12
10
8
310
220
135
85
60
41
25
20
185
142
106
59
43
31
22

20
17
14
11
418
297
182
115
81
55
33
27
250
192
143
79
59
42
30

27
22
18
15
542
385
235
149
104
72
43
35
324
248
185
103
76
55
39

42
61
35
50
29
41
24
34
860 1233
610 875
374 536
236 339
166 238
114 164
69
99
56
80
514 736
394 565
294 421
163 234
121 173
87
125
62
89

141

150

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A50 Continued
CONDUCTORS
Type
XHH, XHHW,
XHHW-2

Conductor
Size [mm2
(mm dia.)]
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500

Raceway Size (mm)


15

20

25

32

40

50

65

80

90

100

125

150

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0

4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0

7
6
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

10
9
7
6
5
4
3
3
3
2
1
1
1
1

16
14
11
9
8
6
5
5
4
3
3
2
2
1

22
19
16
13
11
9
7
6
6
5
4
3
3
2

29
24
20
17
14
11
10
8
7
6
5
4
4
3

46
39
32
27
22
18
15
14
12
10
8
6
6
5

66
56
46
38
32
26
22
20
17
14
11
9
9
7

FIXTURE WIRES
Type
FFH-2, RFH-2, RFHH-3
SF-2, SFF-2

SF-1, SFF-1
RFH-1, RFHH-2, TF,
TFF, XF, XFF
RFHH-2, TF, TFF, XF,
XFF
XF, XFF
TFN, TFFN
PF, PFF, PGF, PGFF,
PAF, PTF, PTFF, PAFF
HF, HFF, ZF, ZFF, ZHF

KF-2, KFF-2

KF-1, KFF-1

XF, XFF

Conductor Size
(mm2)
0.75
1.25
0.75
1.25
2.0
0.75
0.75

15
6
5
7
6
5
13
10

20
11
9
14
11
9
25
18

1.25

15

2.0
0.75
1.25
0.75
1.25
2.0
0.75
1.25
2.0
0.75
1.25
2.0
3.5
5.5
0.75
1.25
2.0
3.5
5.5
3.5
5.5

6
16
12
15
11
8
19
14
10
28
19
13
9
6
33
23
16
10
7
3
2

11
29
22
28
22
16
36
27
19
53
37
25
17
11
63
44
29
19
13
6
5

Raceway Size
25
19
16
24
20
16
42
31

(mm)
32
34
28
43
35
28
76
56

40
47
39
59
49
39
105
77

50
79
67
100
82
67
177
130

25

45

62

105

20
50
38
47
36
27
61
45
33
88
62
43
29
20
106
74
50
33
21
10
8

35
90
68
85
66
49
110
81
59
159
112
77
53
35
190
133
90
59
39
19
15

49
124
95
118
91
68
152
112
82
220
155
107
73
49
263
185
124
82
54
26
20

82
209
159
198
153
115
255
188
138
371
261
179
123
82
442
310
209
138
90
44
34

Note: This table is for concentric stranded conductors only. For compact stranded
conductors, Table A51 should be used.

142

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A51 Maximum Number of Compact Conductors in Rigid PVC Conduit,
Schedule 80 (Based on Table 9.1.1.1)

Type
THW, THW-2,
THHW

THHN, THWN,
THWN-2

XHHW, XHHW-2

Conductor
Size (mm2)

15

8.0
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500
8.0
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500
8.0
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500

1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

COMPACT CONDUCTORS
Raceway Size (mm)
20
25
32
40
50
65
80
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

3
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
4
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

5
4
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

6
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
7
5
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0

9
7
5
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0

11
6
5
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
12
9
6
5
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0

13
10
7
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0

15
9
6
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
17
13
9
6
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0

22
17
13
9
6
6
5
4
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

25
15
11
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
29
21
15
11
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1

32
25
18
13
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
3
2
1
1
1
1

36
22
16
12
10
8
7
6
4
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
42
31
22
16
12
10
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1

50
39
29
21
15
13
11
9
8
6
5
5
4
3
3
2
2
1

57
35
25
19
16
13
11
9
7
6
5
5
4
3
3
3
1
65
48
35
25
19
16
13
11
9
7
6
5
5
4
3
2
2
1

90

100

125

150

68
52
39
29
20
17
15
12
10
8
7
6
6
5
4
3
3
2

77
47
34
25
22
18
15
12
10
8
7
6
5
4
4
4
3
88
65
47
34
25
22
18
15
12
10
8
7
7
5
4
3
3
3

88
68
51
37
26
23
19
16
13
11
9
8
7
6
5
4
4
3

99
61
44
33
28
23
19
16
12
11
9
8
7
6
5
5
3
114
85
61
44
33
28
24
19
16
13
11
10
9
7
6
5
5
3

140
108
81
60
42
36
30
26
22
17
15
13
12
10
8
7
7
5

158
98
70
53
45
37
31
25
20
17
15
13
11
9
8
8
5
181
134
98
70
53
45
38
31
26
21
17
15
14
11
9
7
7
6

200
155
116
85
60
52
44
37
31
25
21
19
17
14
12
10
10
8

226
140
100
75
64
53
44
37
29
25
22
19
16
13
11
11
8
260
193
140
100
75
64
54
44
37
30
25
22
20
17
13
11
11
8

Definition: Compact stranding is the result of a manufacturing process where the


standard conductors compressed to the extent that the interstices (voids between strand
wires) are virtually eliminated.

143

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A52 Maximum Number of Conductors and Fixture Wires in Rigid
PVC Conduit, Schedule 40 and HDPE Conduit (Based on Table 9.1.1.1)
CONDUCTORS
Type
RH
RHH, RHW, RHW2
RH, RHH, RHW,
RHW-2

TW

RHH*, RHW*,
RHW-2*, THW,
THHW, THW-2
RHH*, RHW*,
RHW-2*, THHW,
THW
RHH*, RHW*,
RHW-2*, THW,
THHW, THW-2
RHH*, RHW*,
RHW-2*, TW,
THW, THHN,
THW-2

Conductor
Size [mm2
(mm dia.)]

Raceway Size (mm)


15

20

25

32

40

50

65

80

90

100

125

150

2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
2.0 (1.6)

5
4
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
8
6
4
2
5

9
8
7
5
4
2
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
14
11
8
4
9

16
12
11
9
7
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
24
18
13
7
16

28
22
20
16
13
7
5
4
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
42
32
24
13
28

38
30
27
22
18
9
7
6
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
57
44
32
18
38

63
50
45
37
30
15
12
10
7
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
94
72
54
30
63

90
72
64
53
43
22
18
14
10
7
6
5
4
4
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
135
103
77
43
90

139
112
99
82
66
35
28
22
16
11
9
8
7
6
4
4
3
3
3
2
1
1
1
209
160
119
66
139

186
150
133
110
89
46
37
29
22
14
13
11
9
8
6
5
5
4
4
3
2
2
1
280
215
160
89
186

240
193
171
142
115
60
48
37
28
19
16
14
12
10
8
7
6
6
5
4
3
3
3
361
277
206
115
240

378
304
269
224
181
94
76
59
45
29
26
22
19
16
12
11
10
9
8
6
5
5
4
568
436
325
181
378

546
439
390
323
261
137
109
85
65
43
37
32
28
24
18
16
14
13
11
9
8
8
6
822
631
470
261
546

3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)

4
3

8
6

12
10

22
17

30
24

50
39

72
56

112
87

150
117

193
150

304
237

439
343

8.0 (3.2)

10

14

23

33

52

70

90

142

205

14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500

1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

2
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

8
6
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0

11
8
6
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0

18
13
10
7
6
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

26
19
14
10
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
3
2
1
1
1
1

40
30
22
15
13
11
9
8
6
5
5
4
3
3
2
2
1

53
40
29
20
17
15
12
10
8
7
6
6
5
4
3
3
2

69
51
37
26
22
19
16
13
11
9
8
7
6
5
4
4
3

109
81
59
41
35
30
25
21
17
15
13
12
10
8
6
6
5

157
117
85
60
51
43
36
30
25
21
19
17
14
11
10
10
7

*Type RHH, RHW, and RHW-2 without outer covering.

144

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A52 Continued
CONDUCTORS
Type
THHN, THWN,
THWN-2

FEP, FEPB, PFA,


PFAH, TFE

PFA, PFAH, TFE


PFA, PFAH, TFE,
Z

XHH, XHHW,
XHHW-2, ZW

Conductor
Size [mm2
(mm dia.)]
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30
38
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30

Raceway Size (mm)


15

20

25

32

40

50

65

80

90

100

125

150

11
8
5
3
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
11
8
6
3
2
1
1
1

21
15
9
5
4
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
20
15
10
6
4
3
1
1

34
25
15
9
6
4
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
33
24
17
10
7
5
3
2

60
43
27
16
11
7
5
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
58
42
30
17
12
8
6
4

82
59
37
21
15
9
7
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
79
58
41
24
17
12
8
5

135
99
62
36
26
16
11
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
131
96
69
39
28
19
13
9

193
141
89
51
37
22
16
12
10
8
7
6
4
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
188
137
98
56
40
28
19
13

299
218
137
79
57
35
25
18
15
13
11
9
7
6
5
5
4
3
2
2
1
290
212
152
87
62
43
30
20

401
293
184
106
77
47
33
25
21
17
14
12
10
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
3
389
284
204
117
83
58
40
28

517
377
238
137
99
61
43
32
37
22
18
15
12
11
9
8
7
5
4
4
3
502
366
263
150
107
75
51
36

815
594
374
216
156
96
68
50
42
35
29
24
20
17
15
13
11
9
7
7
6
790
577
414
237
169
118
81
56

1178
859
541
312
225
138
98
73
61
51
42
35
28
24
21
19
16
13
11
11
8
1142
834
598
343
244
170
117
81

1
0
0
0
13
9
6
3
2
1
1
1
8
6
4
2
1
1
1

1
1
1
1
24
17
10
6
4
3
1
1
14
11
8
4
3
2
1

1
1
1
1
40
28
17
11
7
5
3
2
24
18
13
7
5
4
3

3
3
2
1
70
49
30
19
13
9
5
4
42
32
24
13
10
7
5

4
4
3
2
95
68
41
26
18
12
7
6
57
44
32
18
13
9
7

8
6
5
4
158
112
69
43
30
21
12
10
94
72
54
30
22
16
11

11
9
7
6
226
160
98
62
43
30
18
14
135
103
77
43
32
23
16

17
14
12
9
350
248
152
96
67
46
28
23
209
160
119
66
49
35
25

23
19
16
13
469
333
204
129
90
62
38
30
280
215
160
89
66
48
34

30
24
20
16
605
429
263
166
116
80
49
39
361
277
206
115
85
61
44

47
68
39
56
32
46
26
38
952 1376
675 976
414 598
261 378
184 265
126 183
77 111
62
90
568 822
436 631
325 470
181 261
134 193
97 140
69
99

145

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A52 Continued
CONDUCTORS
Type
XHH, XHHW,
XHHW-2

Conductor
Size [mm2
(mm dia.)]
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500

Raceway Size (mm)


15

20

25

32

40

50

65

80

90

100

125

150

1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0

3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0

5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0

8
7
6
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1

12
10
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1

19
16
13
11
9
7
6
5
5
4
3
2
2
1

25
21
17
14
12
10
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
3

32
27
23
19
15
13
11
9
8
7
5
4
4
3

51
43
36
30
24
20
17
15
13
11
9
7
7
6

74
62
52
43
35
29
25
22
19
16
13
11
11
8

FIXTURE WIRES
Type
FFH-2, RFH-2, RFHH-3
SF-2, SFF-2

SF-1, SFF-1
RFH-1, RFHH-2, TF,
TFF, XF, XFF
RFHH-2, TF, TFF, XF,
XFF
XF, XFF
TFN, TFFN
PF, PFF, PGF, PGFF,
PAF, PTF, PTFF, PAFF
HF, HFF, ZF, ZFF, ZHF

KF-2, KFF-2

KF-1, KFF-1

XF, XFF

Conductor Size
(mm2)
0.75
1.25
0.75
1.25
2.0
0.75
0.75

15
8
6
10
8
6
17
13

20
14
12
17
14
12
31
23

1.25

10

18

2.0
0.75
1.25
0.75
1.25
2.0
0.75
1.25
2.0
0.75
1.25
2.0
3.5
5.5
0.75
1.25
2.0
3.5
5.5
3.5
5.5

8
20
16
19
15
11
25
18
13
36
26
17
12
8
43
30
20
13
9
4
3

14
37
28
35
27
20
45
33
24
65
46
31
22
14
78
55
37
24
16
8
6

Raceway Size
25
23
19
29
24
19
51
38

(mm)
32
40
33
50
42
33
89
66

40
54
46
69
57
46
122
90

50
90
76
114
94
76
202
149

30

53

73

120

24
60
46
57
44
33
74
54
40
107
75
52
35
24
128
90
60
40
26
12
10

42
105
80
100
77
58
129
95
70
187
132
90
62
42
223
157
105
70
45
22
17

57
144
110
137
106
79
176
130
95
256
180
124
85
57
305
214
144
95
62
30
24

94
239
183
227
175
131
292
216
158
424
299
205
141
94
506
355
239
158
103
50
39

Note: This table is for concentric stranded conductors only. For compact stranded
conductors, Table A53 should be used.

146

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A53 Maximum Number of Compact Conductors in Rigid PVC Conduit,
Schedule 40 and HDPE Conduit (Based on Table 9.1.1.1)

Type
THW, THW-2,
THHW

THHN, THWN,
THWN-2

XHHW,
XHHW-2

Conductor
Size (mm2)

15

8.0
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500
8.0
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500
8.0
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500

1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

2
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

COMPACT CONDUCTORS
Raceway Size (mm)
20
25
32
40
50
65
80
4
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

4
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
5
4
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

6
5
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0

7
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
8
6
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0

11
9
6
5
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0

13
8
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
14
11
8
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0

15
12
9
6
4
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

17
11
8
6
5
4
3
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
20
15
11
8
6
5
4
3
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

26
20
15
11
7
6
5
5
4
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1

29
18
13
9
8
7
5
4
3
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
33
25
18
13
9
8
7
5
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1

37
28
21
15
11
9
8
7
5
4
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1

41
25
18
14
12
9
8
6
5
4
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
47
35
25
18
14
12
10
8
7
5
4
4
3
3
2
1
1
1

57
44
33
24
17
15
12
10
9
7
6
5
5
4
3
2
2
1

64
40
28
21
18
15
12
10
8
7
6
5
4
4
3
3
2
73
55
40
28
21
18
15
12
10
8
7
6
5
4
4
3
3
2

90

100

125

150

76
59
44
32
23
20
16
14
12
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
3

86
53
38
29
24
20
17
14
11
9
8
7
6
5
4
4
3
99
73
53
38
29
24
20
17
14
11
9
8
7
6
5
4
4
3

98
76
57
42
29
25
21
18
15
12
10
9
8
7
5
5
5
4

111
68
49
37
31
26
22
18
14
12
10
9
8
6
5
5
4
127
94
68
49
37
31
26
22
18
14
12
11
10
8
6
5
5
4

155
119
89
66
46
40
34
29
24
19
16
15
13
11
9
7
7
6

175
108
77
58
49
41
34
28
22
19
17
15
13
10
8
8
6
200
149
108
77
58
49
42
34
29
23
19
17
15
13
10
8
8
6

224
173
129
95
67
58
49
42
35
27
24
21
19
16
13
11
11
9

253
156
112
84
72
59
50
41
32
28
24
22
18
15
12
12
9
290
215
156
112
84
72
60
50
42
33
28
25
22
18
15
12
12
9

Definition: Compact stranding is the result of a manufacturing process where the


standard conductors compressed to the extent that the interstices (voids between strand
wires) are virtually eliminated.

147

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A54 Maximum Number of Conductors and Fixture Wires in
Type A, Rigid PVC Conduit (Based on Table 9.1.1.1)

Type
RH
RHH, RHW,
RHW-2
RH, RHH, RHW,
RHW-2

TW

RHH*, RHW*,
RHW-2*, THW,
THHW, THW-2
RHH*, RHW*,
RHW-2*, THHW,
THW
RHH*, RHW*,
RHW-2*, THW,
THHW, THW-2
RHH*, RHW*,
RHW-2*, TW,
THW, THHW,
THW-2

Conductor
Size [mm2
(mm dia.)]
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0(3.2)
2.0 (1.6)

CONDUCTORS
Raceway Size (mm)
15

20

25

32

40

50

65

80

90

100

7
6
5
4
3
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
11
8
6
3
7

12
10
9
7
6
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
18
14
10
6
12

20
16
15
12
10
5
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
31
24
18
10
20

34
27
24
20
16
8
6
5
4
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
51
39
29
16
34

44
35
31
26
21
11
9
7
5
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
67
51
38
21
44

70
56
49
41
33
17
14
11
8
5
5
4
3
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
105
80
60
33
70

104
84
74
61
50
26
21
16
12
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
157
120
89
50
104

157
126
112
93
75
39
31
24
18
12
10
9
8
7
5
4
4
4
3
2
1
1
1
235
181
135
75
157

204
164
146
121
98
51
41
32
24
16
14
12
10
9
7
6
5
5
4
3
3
3
2
307
236
176
98
204

262
211
187
155
125
65
52
41
31
20
18
15
13
11
8
7
7
6
5
4
4
4
3
395
303
226
125
262

3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)

6
4

10
8

16
13

27
21

35
28

56
44

84
65

126
98

164
128

211
165

8.0 (3.2)

12

16

26

39

59

77

98

14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250

1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0

6
4
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0

9
7
5
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

13
9
7
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1

20
15
11
7
6
5
4
4
3
2
2
1
1

30
22
16
11
10
8
7
6
4
4
3
3
2

45
33
24
17
14
12
10
9
7
6
5
5
4

59
44
32
22
19
16
13
11
9
8
7
6
5

75
56
41
29
24
21
17
14
12
10
9
8
7

*Type RHH, RHW, and RHW-2 without outer covering.

148

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A54 Continued

Type
RHH*, RHW*,
RHW-2*, TW,
THW, THHW,
THW-2
THHN, THWN,
THWN-2

FEP, FEPB,
PFA, PFAH, TFE

PFA, PFAH, TFE


PFA, PFAH,
TFE, Z

XHH, XHHW,
XHHW-2, ZW

Conductor
Size [mm2
(mm dia.)]
325
375
400
500
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30
38
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30

CONDUCTORS
Raceway Size (mm)
15

20

25

32

40

50

65

80

90

100

0
0
0
0
16
11
7
4
3
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
15
11
8
4
3
1
1
1

0
0
0
0
27
19
12
7
5
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
26
19
13
8
5
4
2
1

0
0
0
0
44
32
20
12
8
5
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
43
31
22
13
9
6
4
3

1
1
1
0
73
53
33
19
14
8
6
4
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
70
51
37
21
15
10
7
5

1
1
1
1
96
70
44
25
18
11
8
6
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
93
68
48
28
20
14
9
6

1
1
1
1
150
109
69
40
28
17
12
9
8
6
5
4
3
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
146
106
76
44
31
21
15
10

1
1
1
1
225
164
103
59
43
26
19
14
11
10
8
6
5
4
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
218
159
114
65
46
32
22
15

3
3
3
1
338
246
155
89
64
39
28
21
17
14
12
10
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
3
2
327
239
171
98
70
49
33
23

4
3
3
3
441
321
202
117
84
52
37
27
23
19
16
13
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
4
3
427
312
224
128
91
64
44
30

5
4
4
3
566
412
260
150
108
66
47
35
29
24
20
17
14
12
10
9
7
6
5
5
4
549
400
287
165
117
82
56
39

1
1
1
0
18
13
8
5
3
2
1
1
11
8
6
3
2
1
1

1
1
1
1
31
22
13
8
6
4
2
1
18
14
10
6
4
3
1

2
1
1
1
52
37
22
14
10
7
4
3
31
24
18
10
7
5
3

4
3
3
2
85
60
37
23
16
11
7
5
51
39
29
16
12
8
6

5
4
3
3
112
79
48
30
21
15
9
7
67
51
38
21
15
11
8

8
7
6
5
175
124
76
48
34
23
14
11
105
80
60
33
24
18
12

13
10
9
7
263
186
114
72
50
35
21
17
157
120
89
50
37
26
19

19
16
13
11
395
280
171
108
76
52
32
26
235
181
135
75
55
40
28

25
21
17
14
515
365
224
141
99
68
41
33
307
236
176
98
75
52
37

32
27
22
18
661
469
287
181
127
88
53
43
395
303
226
125
93
67
48

*Type RHH, RHW, and RHW-2 without outer covering.

149

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A54 Continued

Type
XHH, XHHW,
XHHW-2

Conductor
Size [mm2
(mm dia.)]
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500

CONDUCTORS
Raceway Size (mm)
15

20

25

32

40

50

65

80

90

100

1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0

4
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0

6
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

9
8
6
5
4
3
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1

14
12
10
8
7
5
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1

21
18
15
12
10
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
3
2

28
23
19
16
13
11
9
8
7
6
5
4
4
3

35
30
25
20
17
14
12
10
9
8
6
5
5
4

FIXTURE WIRES
Type
FFH-2, RFH-2, RFHH-3
SF-2, SFF-2

SF-1, SFF-1
RFH-1, RFHH-2, TF,
TFF, XF, XFF
RFHH-2, TF, TFF, XF,
XFF
XF, XFF
TFN, TFFN
PF, PFF, PGF, PGFF,
PAF, PTF, PTFF, PAFF
HF, HFF, ZF, ZFF, ZHF

KF-2, KFF-2

KF-1, KFF-1

XF, XFF

Raceway Size (mm)


25
32
30
48
25
41
37
61
31
51
25
41
66
108
49
80

Conductor Size
(mm2)
0.75
1.25
0.75
1.25
2.0
0.75
0.75

15
10
9
13
11
9
23
17

20
18
15
22
18
15
40
29

1.25

14

24

39

2.0
0.75
1.25
0.75
1.25
2.0
0.75
1.25
2.0
0.75
1.25
2.0
3.5
5.5
0.75
1.25
2.0
3.5
5.5
3.5
5.5

11
28
21
26
20
15
34
25
18
49
35
24
16
11
59
41
28
18
12
6
4

18
47
36
45
35
26
58
42
31
84
59
40
28
18
100
70
47
31
20
10
8

31
79
60
74
58
43
96
71
52
140
98
67
46
31
167
117
79
52
34
16
13

40
64
54
81
67
54
143
105

50
100
85
127
105
85
224
165

65

85

134

51
128
98
122
94
70
157
116
85
228
160
110
76
51
272
191
128
85
55
27
21

67
169
129
160
124
93
206
152
112
300
211
145
100
67
357
251
169
112
73
35
28

105
265
202
251
194
146
324
239
175
470
331
228
157
105
561
394
265
175
115
56
44

Note: This table is for concentric stranded conductors only. For compact stranded
conductors, Table A55 should be used.

150

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A55 Maximum Number of Compact Conductors in Type A, Rigid
PVC Conduit (Based on Table 9.1.1.1, Chapter 9)

Type
THW, THW-2,
THHW

THHN, THWN,
THWN-2

XHHW,
XHHW-2

Conductor
Size (mm2)

15

8.0
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500
8.0
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500
8.0
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500

3
2
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

3
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
4
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

COMPACT CONDUCTORS
Raceway Size (mm)
20
25
32
40
50
65
5
4
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

5
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
6
5
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

8
6
5
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0

9
6
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
11
8
6
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0

14
10
8
6
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0

15
9
7
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
18
13
9
7
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0

18
14
10
7
5
4
4
3
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

20
12
9
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
23
17
12
9
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

28
22
16
12
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
1

32
20
14
10
9
7
6
5
4
3
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
37
27
20
14
10
9
7
6
5
4
3
3
3
2
1
1
1
1

42
33
24
18
13
11
9
8
6
5
4
4
3
3
2
1
1
1

48
30
21
16
13
11
9
8
6
5
4
4
3
3
2
2
1
55
41
30
21
16
13
11
9
8
6
5
5
4
3
3
2
2
1

80

90

100

64
49
37
27
19
16
14
12
10
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
3
2

72
45
32
24
20
17
14
11
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
2
83
62
45
32
24
20
17
14
12
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
2

84
65
48
36
25
21
18
15
13
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
4
3

94
58
42
31
27
22
18
15
12
10
9
8
7
5
4
4
3
108
80
58
42
31
27
22
18
15
12
10
9
8
7
5
4
4
3

107
83
62
46
32
28
23
20
17
13
11
10
9
8
6
5
5
4

121
75
54
40
34
28
24
19
15
13
11
10
9
7
6
6
4
139
103
75
54
40
34
29
24
20
16
13
12
11
9
7
6
6
4

Definition: Compact stranding is the result of a manufacturing process where the


standard conductors compressed to the extent that the interstices (voids between strand
wires) are virtually eliminated.

151

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A56 Maximum Number of Conductors in Type EB, PVC Conduit (Based on
Table 9.1.1.1)
CONDUCTORS
Type
RH
RHH, RHW,
RHW-2
RH, RHH, RHW,
RHW-2

TW

RHH*, RHW*,
RHW-2*, THW,
THHW, THW-2
RHH*, RHW*,
RHW-2*,
THHW, THW
RHH*, RHW*,
RHW-2*, THW,
THHW, THW-2
RHH*, RHW*,
RHW-2*, TW,
THW, THHW,
THW-2

Raceway Size (mm)


90
100
217
276
175
222
155
197
128
163
104
132
54
69
43
55
34
43
26
33
17
21
15
19
13
16
11
14
9
12
7
9
6
8
5
7
5
6
4
5
3
4
3
4
2
3
2
3
327
415
251
319
187
238
104
132
217
276

Conductor Size
[mm2 (mm dia.)]
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
2.0 (1.6)

50
74
59
53
44
35
18
15
11
9
6
5
4
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
111
85
63
35
74

80
166
134
119
98
79
41
33
26
20
13
11
10
8
7
5
5
4
4
3
3
2
1
1
250
192
143
79
166

3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)

59
46

134
104

175
136

8.0 (3.2)

28

62

14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500

21
16
11
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
2
2
1
1
1
1
1

48
36
26
18
15
13
11
9
7
6
6
5
4
3
3
2
2

125
424
341
303
251
203
106
85
66
50
33
29
25
22
18
14
12
11
10
9
7
6
5
5
638
490
365
203
424

150
603
485
430
357
288
151
121
94
72
47
41
36
31
26
20
17
16
14
12
10
9
7
7
907
696
519
288
603

222
173

341
266

485
378

81

104

159

227

62
46
34
24
20
17
14
12
10
8
7
7
5
4
4
3
3

79
59
43
30
26
22
18
15
12
11
9
8
7
6
5
4
4

122
91
66
46
40
34
28
24
19
17
15
13
11
9
7
6
6

173
129
94
66
56
48
40
34
27
24
21
19
16
13
11
8
8

*Type RHH, RHW, and RHW-2 without outer covering.

152

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A56 Continued
CONDUCTORS
Type
THHN, THWN,
THWN-2

FEP, FEPB,
PFA, PFAH, TFE

PFA, PFAH, TFE


PFA, PFAH,
TFE, Z

XHH, XHHW,
XHHW-2, ZW

Conductor Size
[mm2 (mm dia.)]
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30
38

50
159
116
73
42
30
19
13
10
8
7
5
4
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
155
113
81
46
33
23
16
11

80
359
262
165
95
68
42
30
22
18
15
13
10
8
7
6
6
5
4
3
2
2
348
254
182
104
74
52
36
25

50
60
80
100
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30
38
2.0 (1.6)
3.5 (2.0)
5.5 (2.6)
8.0 (3.2)
14
22
30

9
7
6
5
186
132
81
51
36
24
15
12
111
85
63
35
26
19
13

20
17
14
11
419
297
182
115
81
55
34
27
250
192
143
79
59
42
30

Raceway Size (mm)


90
100
468
595
342
434
215
274
124
158
89
114
55
70
39
50
29
37
24
31
20
26
17
21
14
18
11
14
10
12
8
11
7
10
6
8
5
6
4
5
3
4
3
4
454
578
332
422
238
302
136
173
97
123
68
86
46
59
32
41
27
22
18
15
547
388
238
150
105
72
44
36
327
251
187
104
77
56
39

34
28
23
19
696
494
302
191
134
92
56
45
415
319
238
132
98
71
50

125
915
667
420
242
175
107
76
57
48
40
33
27
22
19
17
15
12
10
8
6
6
888
648
465
266
189
132
91
63

150
1300
948
597
344
248
153
109
80
68
56
47
39
31
27
24
21
18
14
12
9
9
1261
920
660
378
269
188
129
90

53
43
36
29
1069
759
465
294
206
142
86
70
638
490
365
203
150
109
77

75
62
51
42
1519
1078
660
417
293
201
122
99
907
696
519
288
213
155
110

Note: This table is for concentric stranded conductors only. For compact stranded
conductors, Table A57 should be used.

153

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A56 Continued
CONDUCTORS
Type
XHH, XHHW,
XHHW-2

Conductor Size
[mm2 (mm dia.)]
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500

50
10
8
7
6
5
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1

80
22
19
16
13
11
9
7
6
6
5
4
3
2
2

Raceway Size
90
29
25
20
17
14
11
10
9
8
6
5
4
3
3

(mm)
100
37
31
26
22
18
15
12
11
10
8
6
5
4
4

125
58
48
40
33
27
22
19
17
15
12
10
8
6
6

150
82
69
57
47
39
32
28
24
22
18
14
12
9
9

Note: This table is for concentric stranded conductors only. For compact stranded
conductors, Table A57 should be used.

154

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


Table A57 Maximum Number of Compact Conductors in Type EB,
PVC Conduit (Based on Table 9.1.1.1)
CONDUCTORS
Type
THW, THW2, THHW

THHN, THWN,
THWN-2

XHHW,
XHHW-2

Conductor Size
(mm2)

50

80

8.0
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500
8.0
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500
8.0
14
22
30
38
50
60
80
100
125
150
175
200
250
325
375
400
500

30
23
17
13
9
8
6
5
4
3
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
1

34
21
15
11
9
8
6
5
4
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1
39
29
21
15
11
9
8
6
5
4
4
3
3
2
1
1
1
1

68
52
39
29
20
17
15
12
10
8
7
6
6
5
4
3
2
2

77
47
34
25
22
18
15
12
10
8
7
6
5
4
4
3
3
88
65
47
34
25
22
18
15
12
10
8
7
7
5
4
3
3
3

Raceway Size (mm)


90
100
89
69
51
38
26
23
19
16
14
11
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
3

100
62
44
33
28
23
20
16
13
11
9
8
7
6
5
3
3
115
85
62
44
33
28
24
20
16
13
11
10
9
7
6
5
4
4

113
87
65
48
34
29
24
21
17
14
12
11
10
8
6
5
4
4

128
79
57
42
36
30
25
20
16
14
12
11
9
7
6
4
4
146
109
79
57
42
36
30
25
21
17
14
12
11
9
7
6
5
5

125

150

174
134
100
74
52
45
38
32
27
21
19
17
15
12
10
8
7
7

196
121
87
65
56
46
38
32
25
22
19
17
14
11
9
7
7
225
167
121
87
65
56
47
38
32
26
22
19
17
14
11
9
7
7

247
191
143
105
74
64
54
46
38
30
26
24
21
18
14
12
9
9

279
172
124
93
79
65
55
45
35
31
27
24
20
16
14
10
10
320
238
172
124
93
79
67
55
46
37
31
28
25
20
16
13
10
10

Definition: Compact stranding is the result of a manufacturing process where the


standard conductors compressed to the extent that the interstices (voids between strand
wires) are virtually eliminated.

155

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual

156

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual

ANNEX B
Conductor Application and Insulation

157

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual

158

Table B1. Conductor Application and Insulations


Trade Name

Mineral insulation
(metal
sheathed)

159

Moisture-, heat-,
and
oil-resistant
thermoplastic

FEP
or
FEPB

200C

MI

MTW

90C

Material

Dry and damp locations

Dry locations special


applicationsb

Dry and wet locations

Flourinated
ethylene
Propylene
Flourinated
ethylene
Propylene
Magnesium oxide

For special applications

60C

Machine tool wiring in wet


locations as permitted in
NFPA 79 see Article 6.70)
Machine tool wiring in dry
locations as permitted in
NFPA 79 (see Article 6.70)

Flame-retardant
moisture-, heat-,
and
oil-resistant
thermoplastic

For underground service


conductors, or by special
permission
Dry and damp locations

Paper

85C

PFA

Application
Provisions

250C

90C

Paper

Perfluoroalkoxy

Maximum
Operating
Temperatur
e
90C

90C
200C

Dry locations special


applicationsb

Perfluoro-alkoxy

Insulation
Conductor
Area (mm2)

Thickness
(mm)

Outer
Coveringa

2.0 5.5

0.50

None

8.0 30
2.0 8.0

0.80
0.40

Glass braid

14 30

0.40
c

0.75 1.25
1.25 5.5
5.6 22
23 250
0.65 3.5
5.5
8.0
14
22 30
38 100
101 250
251 500

0.58
0.90
1.30
1.40
(a)
0.80
0.80
1.20
1.60
1.60
2.00
2.40
2.80

(b)
0.40
0.50
0.80
0.80
1.00
1.30
1.60
1.80

Other suitable
braid material
Copper or
alloy steel

(a) None
(b) Nylon jacket
or equivalent

Lead sheath

2.0 5.5
8.0 30
38 100

0.50
0.80
1.20

None

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual

Fluorinated
ethylene
propylene

Type
Letter

PFAH

Dry locations only.


Only for leads
Within apparatus
or within raceways
connected to apparatus
(nickel or nickel-coated
copper only)

Perfluoroalkoxy

2.0 5.5
8.0 30
38 100

0.50
0.80
1.20

Thermoset

RH

75C

Dry and damp locations

Flame-retardant
thermoset

Thermoset

RHH

90C

Dry and damp locations

2.0 3.5d
5.5
8.0 30
38 100
101 250
251 500
501 1 000
For 601 2000
Volts, see
Table
3.10.1.62

0.80
1.20
1.60
2.00
2.40
2.80
3.20

Moisture
resistant,
flame-retardant,
nonmetallic
covering1

Moistureresistant
thermoset

RHWe

75C

Dry and wet locations


Where over 2 000 volts
Insulation, shall be
Ozone resistant

Flame-retardant,
moisture-resistant
thermoset

2.0 5.5dd
8.0 30
38 100
101 250
251 500
501 1 000
For 601 2000
Volts, see
Table
3.10.1.62

1.20
1.60
2.00
2.40
2.80
3.20

Moisture
resistant,
flame-retardant,
nonmetallic
covering5

160

250C

Some insulations do not require an outer covering.


Where Design conditions require maximum conductor operating temperature above 90 oC
For signaling circuits permitting 300-volts insulation.
d
For size 2.0 3.5 mm2, RHH insulation shall be 1.20 mm thickness.
e
Listed wire type designated with the suffix -2, such as RHW-2, shall be permitted to be used at continuous 90 oC operating temperature, wet or dry.
f
Some rubber insulations do not require an outer covering.
b
c

None

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual

Perfluoroalkoxy

Table B1. (Continued)


Trade Name

Type
Letter

Maximum
Operating
Temperature

Application
Provisions

Insulation
Materials

90C

Dry and wet locations

Flame-retardant,
moisture-resistant
thermoset

Silicon

SA

90C

Dry and wet locations

200C

For special applicationb

Silicon rubber

Thermoset

SIS

90C

Switchboard
wiring only

Flame-retardant
thermoset

Thermoplastic
and fibrous
outer braid

TBS

90C

Switchboard
Wiring only

Thermoplastic

Extended
polytetrafluoro
-ethylene

TFE

250C

Dry locations only. Only for


leads within apparatus or
within raceways connected
to apparatus,or as open
wiring (Nickel or nickelcoated copper only)

Extruded
Polytetrafluoroethylene

Thickness
(mm)
1.20
1.60
2.00
2.40
2.80
3.20

1.20
1.60
2.00
2.40
2.80
3.20
0.80
1.20
2.40
0.80
1.20
1.60
2.00
0.50
0.80
1.20

Outer
Coveringa
Moistureresistant,
flame-retardant,
nonmetallic
coveringf

Glass or other
suitable braid
material

None

Flame-retardant,
nonmetallic
covering
None

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual

RHW-2

161

Moistureresistant
thermoset

Conductor
Area (mm2)
2.0 5.5
8.0 30
38 100
101 250
251 500
501 1 000
For 601 2 000
Volts, see
Table
3.10.1.62
2.0 5.5
8.0 30
38 100
101 250
251 500
501 1 000
2.0 5.5
8.0 30
38 100
2.0 5.5
8.0
14 30
38 100
2.0 5.5
8.0 30
38 100

90C

Dry and damp location

Flame- retardant,
heat-resistant
thermoplastic

Moisture-and
heat-resistant
thermoplastic

THHW

75C

Wet location

90C

Dry location

Flame-retardant,
moisture- and heatresistant
thermoplastic

Moisture-and
heat-resistant
thermoplastic

THWc

75C

Dry and wet locations

90C

Moisture-and
heat-resistant
thermoplastic

THWNe

Special applications within


electric discharge lighting
equip. Limited to 1 000
open circuit volts or less
(size 2.0 8.0 mm2 only as
permitted in Section
4.10.6.10)
Dry and wet locations

75C

Flame-retardant,
moisture- and heatresistant
thermoplastic

Flame-retardant,
moisture- and heatresistant
thermoplastic

2.0 3.5
5.5
8.0 14
22 30
38 100
125 250
251 500
2.0 5.5
8.0
14 30
38 100
101 250
251 500
2.0 5.5
8.0
14 30
38 100
101 250
251 500
501 1 000

0.40
0.50
0.80
1.00
1.30
1.60
1.80
0.80
1.20
1.60
2.00
2.40
2.80
0.80
1.20
1.60
2.00
2.40
2.80
3.20

Nylon jacket
or equivalent

2.0 3.5
5.5
8.0 14
22 30
38 100
125 250
251 500

0.40
0.50
0.80
1.00
1.30
1.60
1.80

Nylon jacket
or equivalent

None

None

Some insulations do not require an outer covering


Where design conditions require maximum conductor operating temperature above 90C
e
Listed wire type designated with the suffix -2, such as RHW-2, shall be permitted to be used at a continuous 90C operating temperature, wet or dry.
f
Some rubber insulations do not require an outer covering.

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual

THHN

162

Heat-resistant
thermoplastic

Table B1. (Continued)


Trade Name

Type
Letter

Maximum
Operating
Temperature

Application
Provisions

Insulation
Materials

60 C

Dry and wet locations

Flame-retardant,
Moisture-resistant
Thermoplastic

Underground
feeder and
branch-circuit
cable single
conductor
(For Type UF
cable employing
more than one
conductor, see
Article 3.39.)
Underground
service-entrance
Cable single
conductor
(For Type USE
cable employing
more than one
conductor, see
Article 3.38.)

UF

60C

See Article 3.39

Moisture-resistant

75C

USEe

75C

Thickness
(mm)
0.80
1.20
1.60
2.00
2.40
2.80
3.20
1.60g
2.00g
2.40g

2.0 5.5
8.0 30
38 100
101 250
251 500
501 1 000

1.20
1.60
2.00
2.40
2.80
3.20

Outer
Coveringa
None

Integral with
insulation

Moisture- and
heat- resistant

See Article 3.38.

Heat- and moistureresistant

Moistureresistant
nonmetallic
covering
[(See
3.38.1.1(b)]

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual

TW

163

Moistureresistant
thermoplastic

Conductor
Area (mm2)
2.0 5.5
8.0
14 30
38 100
101 250
251 500
501 1 000
2.0 5.5
8.0 30
38 100

XHH

90C

Dry and damp locations

Flame-retardant
thermoset

Moistureresistant
thermoset

XHHWe

90C

Dry and damp locations

Flame-retardant
moisture-resistant
thermoset

Moistureresistant
thermoset

XHHW-2

90C

Dry and damp locations

Flame-retardant
moisture-resistant
thermoset

Modified
ethylene
tetrafluoroethylene

90C

Dry and damp locations

150C

Dry locations special


applicationsb

Modified ethylene
tetrafluoroethylene

Modified
ethylene
tetrafluoroethylene

ZWe

75C

Wet locations

90C

Dry and damp locations

150C

Dry locations special


applicationsb

Wet locations

Modified ethylene
tetrafluoro-ethylene

2.0 5.5
8.0 30
38 100
101 250
251 500
501 1 000
2.0 5.5
8.0 30
38 100
101 250
251 500
501 1 000
2.0 5.5
8.0 30
38 100
101 250
251 500
501 1 000
2.0 3.5
5.5
8.0 22
30 38
50 100
2.0 5.5

0.80
1.20
1.40
1.70
2.00
2.40
0.80
1.20
1.40
1.70
2.00
2.40
0.80
1.20
1.40
1.70
2.00
2.40
0.40
0.50
0.64
0.89
1.20
8.0 30

None

None

None

None

None

Some insulations do not require an outer covering.


Where design conditions require maximum conductor operating temperatures above 90C.
Listed wire types designated with the suffix 2, such as RHW-2, shall be permitted to be used at a continuous 90C operating temperature, wet or dry.
g
Includes integral jacket.
i
Insulation thickness shall be permitted to be 2.80 mm for listed Type USE conductors that have been subjected to special investigations. The nonmetallic covering over individual rubber-covered conductors of
aluminum-sheathed cable and of lead-sheathed or multiconductor cable shall not be required to be flame retardant. For Type MC cable, see 3.30.3.1. For nonmetallic-sheathed cable, see Part 3.34.3. For Type
UF cable, see Part 3.40.3.
b
e

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual

164
a

Thermoset

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual

ANNEX C
Philippine National Standard for Electrical Products
1.

PNS 35-1:2004

2.

PNS 35-2:2006

3.

PNS 40:1984

4.

5.
6.

PNS 43:1984
Amendments 01:
1985
PNS 106:1987
PNS 107:1987

7.

PNS 108:1987

8.

PNS 109:1987

9.

PNS 110:1987

10. PNS 111:1987

11. CDPNS 163:XXXX -

12. PNS 260:2004

13. CDPNS 261:XXXX -

Electric wires and cables Thermoplastic


insulated electric copper wires and cables
rated 600 volts Part 1: General
specifications
Electric wires and cables Thermoplastic
insulated electric copper wires and cables
rated 600 volts Part 1: Non-metallic flat
jacketed electric wires Specifications
Electric wires and cables Copper
redraw rod for electrical purposes
Specification
Electric wires and cables EC
aluminum redraw rod for electrical
purposes Specification
Enameled copper wires Test method
Polyurethane enameled copper wires,
class 105 Specifications
Polyester enameled copper wires, class
105 Specification
Polyvinyl formal enameled copper wires,
class 105 Specification
Polyester amide-imide enameled copper
wires, class 180 - Specification
Oleo-resinous enameled copper wires
Specification
Electrical products Polyvinyl chloride
insulated flexible cords and fixture wires
Specification
Electric wires and cables Annealed
copper wires Specification
Electric wires and cables PVC
insulated low voltages cable for road
vehicles Specification
165

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


14. CDPNS 661:XXXX -

15. PNS 662:1992

16. PNS 1086:1992

17. PNS 1087:1992

18. PNS 1088:2006

19. PNS 1129:1993

20. PNS 1130:1993

21. PNS 1207:2006

22. PNS 1289:1995

23. PNS 1487-1-1:1997 -

24. PNS 1487-1-2:1997 -

25. PNS 1487-1-3:1997 -

Organic chemicals Plasticized


Polyvinyl chloride compounds for
electrical insulation Specification
Electrical wires and cables Ampacities
of insulated electric 8u77 conductors,
0-35,000 volts
Electrical wires and cables Harddrawn solid copper wires for electrical
purposes Specification
Electrical wires and cables Hard-drawn
copper stranded Specification
Electric wires and cables Copper and
aluminum conductors for electrical
purposes Test methods
Hard-drawn aluminum wires for electric
purposes Specifications
Hard-drawn
aluminum
stranded
conductors Specification
Electric wires and cables Soft-drawn
(annealed) copper stranded conductors
for electrical purposes Specification
Electric wires and cables PVC
insulated battery cables Specification
Common test methods for insulating and
sheathing materials of electric cables
Part 1: Methods for general application
Section 1: Measurement of thickness and
overall dimensions Test for
determining mechanical properties
Common test methods for insulating and
sheathing materials of electric cables
Part 1: Methods for general application
Section 2: Thermal ageing methods
Common test methods for insulating and
sheathing materials of electric cables
Part 1: Methods for general application
Section 3: Methods of determining the
density Water absorption tests
Shrinkage
166

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


26. PNS 1487-1-4:1997 -

27. PNS 1487-2-1:1997 Amendments 01 &


02:1997

28. PNS 1487-3-1:1997 -

29. PNS 1487-3-2:1997 -

30. PNS 1487-4-1:1997 -

31. PNS 1487-4-2:1997 -

Common test methods for insulating and


sheathing materials of electric cables
Part 1: Methods for general application
Section 4: Test at low temperature
Common test methods for insulating and
sheathing materials of electric cables
Part 2: Methods specific to elastomeric
compounds Section 1: Ozone resistance
testhot set testMineral oil immersion
test
Common test methods for insulating and
sheathing materials of electric cables
Part 3: Methods specific to PVC
compounds Section 1: Pressure test at
high temperature Test for resistance to
cracking
Common test methods for insulating and
sheathing materials of electric cables
Part 3: Methods specific to PVC
compounds Section 2: loss of mass test
Thermal stability test
Common test methods for insulating and
sheathing materials of electric cables
Part 4: Methods specific to polyethylene
and polypropelene compounds Section
1: Resistance to environmental stress
cracking Wrapping test after thermal
ageing in air Measurement of the melt
flow index carbon black and/or mineral
content measurement in PE
Common test methods for insulating and
sheathing materials of electric cables
Part 4: Methods specific to polyethylene
and polypropelene compounds Section
2: Elongation at break after preconditioning Wrapping test after
thermal ageing in air Measurement of
mass increase Long term stability test
(Appendix A) Test method for copper167

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual

32. PNS 2048:2006

33. PNS ASTM B230: 2005


34. PNS ASTM B231: 2005
35. PNS ASTM B233: 2005
36. PNS ASTM B400: 2005

37. PNS ASTM B609: 2005

38. PNS ASTM B786: 2005

39. PNS ASTM B800: 2005

40. PNS ASTM B801: 2005

41. PNS ASTM B172: 2005

catalysed
oxidative
degradation
(Appendix B)
Electric
wires
and
cables

Thermoplastic-insulated
underground
feeder - Specification
Standard Specification for Aluminum
1350-H19 Wire for Electrical Purposes
(ASTM published 2004)
Standard Specification Concentric-LayStranded Aluminum 1350 Conductors
(ASTM published 2004)
Standard Specification for Aluminum
1350 Drawing Stock for Electrical
Purposes (ASTM published 2003)
Standard Specification for Compact
Round Concentric-Lay-Stranded
Aluminum 1350 Conductors
(ASTM published 2004)
Standard Specification for Aluminum
1350 Round Wire, Annealed and
Intermediate Tempers, for Electrical
Purposes (ASTM published 2004)
Standard Specification for 19 Wire
Combination Unilay-Stranded
Aluminum Conductors for Subsequent
Insulation (ASTM published 2004)
Standard Specification for 8000 Series
Aluminum Alloy Wire for Electrical
Purposes-Annealed and Intermediate
Tempers (ASTM published 2000)
Standard Specification Concentric-LayStranded Conductors of 8000 Series
Aluminum Alloy for Subsequent
Covering
or
Insulation
(ASTM
published 1999)
Standard Specification for Rope-LayStranded Copper Conductors Having
Bunch-Stranded Members, for Electrical
Conductors (ASTM published 2001)
168

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual


42. PNS ASTM B173: 2005

43. PNS ASTM B174: 2005

44. PNS ASTM D1047:2005


45. PNS ASTM D1351:2005

46. PNS ASTM D2219:2005

47. PNS ASTM D2220:2005

48. PNS ASTM D2308:2005

49. PNS ASTM D3554:2005

Standard Specification for Rope-LayStranded Copper Conductors Having


Concentric-Stranded members,
for
Electrical Conductors (ASTM published
2001)
Standard Specification for BunchStranded Copper Conductors for
Electrical Conductors
(ASTM published 2002)
Standard Specification for Poly(Vinyl
Chloride Jacket for Wire and Cable
(ASTM published 2001)
Standard
Specification
for
Thermoplastic Polyethylene Insulation
for Electrical Wire and Cable
(ASTM published 2002)
Standard Specification for Poly(Vinyl
Chloride) Insulation for Wire and Cable,
60OC Operation
(ASTM published 2002)
Standard Specification for Poly(Vinyl
Chloride Insulation for Wire and Cable,
75OC Operation
(ASTM published 2002)
Standard
Specification
for
Thermoplastic Polyethylene Jacket for
Electrical Wire and Cable
(ASTM published 2002)
Standard Specification for TrackResistant Black Thermoplastic HighDensity Polyethylene Insulation for
Wire and Cable, 75OC Operation
(ASTM published 2001)

169

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual

170

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual

Annex D

171

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual

Bibliography
1) Electric Cables Handbook 3rd Edition by Moore (Blackwell,
1997)
2) Cable handbook by Phelps Dodge Philippines
3) National Electrical Code
4) Philippine Electrical Code
5) Wikipedia

173

Power Cables & Wires Technical Manual

174