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IBPS PO

Model Paper
4
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RESONING
Direction (Q. 1-5): Each of the questions below consist of a question and two statements numbered I
and II given below it. You have to decide whether the data given in the statements are sufficient to
answer the questions. Read both statements and give answer.
1) If the data in statement I alone are sufficient to answer the question, While the data in statement
II alone are not sufficient to answer the question.
2) If the data in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement
I alone are not sufficient to answer the question.
3) If data either in statement I alone or statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question.
4) If the data in statement I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question.
5) If the data in both statement I and II together are necessary to answer the question.

1. Among Arun, Farhan, Dolly, Era, Chintu and Babu, who the lightest than only the heaviest?
I. Babu is heavier than Arun and Era.
II. Farhan is heavier than Babu but lighter than Dolly, who is not the heaviest.

2. How is M related to N?
I. N is the only daughter of Y, who is P's grand father.
II. P is sister of S, who is son of M.

3. Six person M, N, O, P, R and S are sitting around a circular table facing centre. Who is sitting on the
immediate left of M?
I. N is sitting opposite O, and P is sitting opposite R.
II. S is sitting on immediate left of N.

4. In which direction city A is with respect to city B?


I. A is in south of X. Which is to the east of P.
II. A is to the south- east of P. X is to the south-east of B.

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5. How many students are there in the class?


I. Richa's rank is 19 from the bottom and she is 4 ranks above of Nilesh.
II. Anuj's rank is 7th from the top. and is 8 ranks above Tarun, Who is 30 from the bottom.

Direction (Q. 6-10): Study the following information and answer the questions given below:
Eight politicians - Aakash, Bhuvan, Rayis, Digvijay, Ishwar, Firoj, Arind and Hitesh- are sitting around a
circular table, facing the centre but not necessarily in the same order. Each of them win from a
different assembly seats, viz. Laxmi Nagar, Sahadra, Chandni Chowk, Preet Vihar, Nirman Vihar, Tilak
Nagar Lajpat Nagar and Dawarka. Aakash sitsthird to the right of the person who wins from
Dawarka. The politician who wins from Chandni chowk and Lajpat Nagar are immediate neighbours.
Only two politicians sits between the winner of Dawarka seat and Hitesh. Neither Aakash nor Hitesh
won from Chandni Chownk and Lajpat Nagar Seats, The politicians who wins from Lajpat Nagar seat
is not an immediate neighbour of the politician who wins from Dawarka seat. The winner of Laxmi
Nagar seat sits second to the left of Ishwar. Ishwar is not an immediate neighbour of Hitesh. The
winner of Laxmi Nagar seat is an immeidate neighbour of both Nirman Vihar seats winner and Preet
Vihar seats winner. The winner of Nirman Vihar seat sits third to the right of Bhuvan. Bhuvan do not
win from Lajpat Nagar seat Rayis sits on the immeidate right of the winner from Sahadra seat.
Aakash do not win fromSahadra. Firoj is not an immediate neighbour of Aakash. Arvind is not an
immediate neighbour of the winner from the Laxmi Nagar seat.
6. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way based on the given arrangement and thus form
agroup. Which is the one that does not belong to the group?
1) Firoj- Sahadra

2) Arvind - Tilak Nagar

4) Aakash - Nirman Vihar

5) Bhuvan - Dawarka

3) Digvijay - Laxmi Nagar

7. Who among the following sits third to the left of Ishwar?


1) Hitesh

2) Aakash

4) Arvind

5) Bhuvan

3) Digvijay

8. Who among the following is the winner of Tilak Nagar seat?


1) Aakash

2) Rayis

4) Arvind

5) Digvijay

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3) Hitesh

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9. Which seat does Bhuvan win from?


1) Sahadra

2) Laxmi Nagar

4) Chandni Chowk

5) None of these

3) Preet Vihar

10. Who sits on the immeidate left of politican who wins from Dawarka seat?
1) Rayis

2) Firoj

4) Hitesh

5) Ishwar

3) Bhuvan

Directions (Q. 11-15 ): In each question below are given three statements followed by two
conlusions numbered I and II. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to
be at variance with commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusion logically
follows from the given statements, disregarding commo nly known facts. Give Answer1) If only conlusion I follows.

2) If only conclusion II follows.

3) If either conclusion I or II follows.

4) If neither conclusion I nor II follows.

5) If both conclusions I and II follow.

(11-12)
Statements: All cars are petrol. No petrol is a bus. All buses are cycles.

11. Conclusions: I.No cycle is a car. II.All petrol being cycles is a possibility.

12. Conclusions: I. No car is a bus. II.All cars being cycle is a possibility.

13. Statements: No paper is white. Some whites are pagers. All pagers are fax.
Conclusions: I. No fax is white. II.All fax being white is a possibility.

(14-15 ):
Statements: Some motars are machines. No machine is a triangle. No generator is a motar.

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14. Conclusions: I. All motars can never be triangles.


II.Some generators are machines.

15. Conclusions: I. No triangle is a motar. II.No generator is a machine.

Directions (Q. 16-18): Read the following information to answer the questions.
M % N means M is son of N.
M N means M is wife of N.
M N means M is aunt of N.
M + N means M is sister of N.
M N means M is father of N.
16. Which of the following means P is the grand father of D?
1) N P + D I + K

2) P N + I D + K

4) D % P + N I + K

5) None of these

3) D P + N K + I

17. Which of the following statements proves that there are two males in the family?
1) A J + K T

2) M T + G % L

4) L + P R + C

5) None of these

3) G A Q + E

18. Which of the following means P is married to S?


1) I + K P + S

2) P I + K % S

3) P J K S

4) R S P % X

5) None of these

Direction (Q. 19 -22): Read the following information carefully and answer the question that follow.
Pawan, Om, Rohit, Sahil, Tanisha and Varun all prepared sweets to gifts them in diwali viz, petha,
Barfi, Laddo, Gulab jamun, Rasogulla and Kaju Katli. Each person likes to gift prepared sweets to
different peoples ie.- relatives, frien ds, poor peoples, colleagues and neighbours, but not necessarily
in the same order. One who gifts sweets to friends prepares Kaju Katli. Only Rohit prepares Barfi.
The person who gifts sweets to poor peoples does not prepares patha and gulabjamun. Om and

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Tanisha neither prepares kaju katli nor gifts sweets to poor peoples. Varun prepares rosogulla.Pawan
doesn't prepares Laddo. Om gifts sweets to colleagues. The person who gifts sweets to relatives
prepares petha. The person who gifts sweet to poor peoples doesn't Barfi. Rasogulla is gifted to
nobody.
19. Who prepares gulab jamun?
1) Om

2) Varun

4) Tanisha

5) Pawan

3) Rohit

20. Who among the following gifts sweets to poor peoples?


1) Om

2) Pawan

4) Sahil

5) Rohit

3) Tanisha

21. Which of the following statements is definitely true?


1) Varun friends - Rasgulla

2 ) Om- Petha Colleagues

3) Tanish- Petha- Relatives

4) Pawan - Kaju Katli Neighbours

5) None of these

22. Who doesn't gifts sweet?


1) Om

2) Tanisha

3) Rohit

4) Varun

5) Can't be determined

Direction (Q. 23-26): Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions.
The Killing of elephants has been increased significantly in India. India could lose 20% of its elephant
population in a decade if current poaching levels are not slowed, animal conservation groups
warned the authorities.As estimated 12,000 elephants were illegally killed across the country last
year.
A) Elephant is now going to be an endangered species.
B) Strict Actions against the law offenders.
C) The forest and wild life authorities must increased the staff.
D) Saving elephants would be extremely valuable & necessary.

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E) Government authorities failed to stop illegal killing of elephants, due to lack of efforts.
F) Disappearance of elephant is now increased significantly.

23. Which of the following can be a possible effectof the above cause?
1) Only A

2) Only C

4) Both A and B

5) only C, D and E

3) Both D and C

24. Which of the following among A), B), C) and D) may be an assumptionaccording to the given
information?
1) Only A

2) Only D

4) Both B and D

5) Both A and D

3) Both A and C

25. Which of the following among A), B), C), E) and F) can be an immediate course of Action.
1) Only C

2) Only E

4) Both A and F

3) Both B and C

5) Only F

Direction: Read the following information carefully and answer the given question:
Netherland is confident to win against India in Junior Hockey World Cup. The last year runner-ups
Netherlands definitely starts as favourites against India in their opening match of the Junior Hockey
world Cup. The coach and ward are confident of starting their compaign on winning note.
26. Which of the following may be the reasonbehind netherlands confidence?
1) Indian team is very weak.
2) All the team are strong and anyone can win.
3) Netherland always wins their matches against India.
4) The netherlands team is very tough and geared up for challenge.
5) None of these

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Direction (Q. 27-29 ): Read the following information carefully and answer the given questions:
A new study has warned that yound children who have easy access to an overwhelming amount of
technology at an early age, fail to perform even simple task like using a pen or pencil. The study,
conducted, found that merely one in four and people believed that Kids are actually benefitting
from technology being used in nurseries. Only 70% of students met the expected standard.
A) Technology displacing the traditional methods of learning
B) Children needs up to the age 6 is real life in real space and time.
C) Childrens are habitual of mordern Technologies.
D) Now, traditional methods are outdated.
E) Access of technology causes kids to struggle in studies.
F) Technology may benefited the nursery kids.
27. Which of the following among A), B) D), E) and F) may be a strong argumentin favour of
Technology?
1) Only A

2) Only D

4) Both A and E

5) Only A, B and F

3) Only F

28. Which of the following among A), B), C), D) and E) may be inferredfrom the given information?
1) Only A

2) Only B

4) Both C and E

5) Both B and C

3) Both A and D

29. Which of the following among A), B), C), D), E) and F) may be the consequenceof the given
information?
1) Only C

2) Only D

4) Only E

5) Both B and D

3) Both B and C

Direction: Read the following information and answer the given question.
One of the first casualities of the increasingly fast-paced life in urban India is community life. People
have less and less time to spend with family, neighbours or friends. Pressure at work and
responsibility at home have eaten people's leisure time across the board in parks.
30. Which of the followings reasons is not true?

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1) Due to family responsibility

2) Increased work pressures.

3) Lack of facilities for a meaningful life in city.

4) Lack of open spaces.

5) None of these

Directions (Q.31-35): study the following information carefully to answer the given questions.
Five women Rani, Kanchan, Roopal, Anushka and Kajal are born in Delhi, Bangalore, Mumbai, Goa
and Kolkata. These women are working in U.P, Punjab, Delhi and two are in Haryana - not necessarily
in the same order. One women born and work in same state. Rani and Kanchan are neither work in
Haryana nor they born in Delhi and Mumbai. Anushka and Kajal are neither work in Punjab nor in
U.P and they are born neither in Bangalore nor in Kolkata. Goa is not the birth state of Rani and
Roopal. The women who, works in U.P born in Goa. Kajal does not work in Delhi. Roopal does not
work in Punjab and the women who, works in Punjab born in Bangalore.
31. Who born and works in same states?
1) Kajal

2) Anushka

4) Roopal

5) Kanchan

3) Rani

32. Which of the following pairs is the correct match of women and birth place?
1) Roopal, Kolkata
4) Kanchan, Banglore

2) Anushka, Mumbai

3) Rani, Goa

5) None of these

33. Who among them following works in Haryana?


1) Roopal & Kajal

2) Roopal & Anushka

4) Rani & Roopal

5) None of these

3) Rani & Kajal

34. Who among them following born in Kolkata?


1) Kajal

2) Anushka

4) Rani

5) None of these

3) Roopal

35. Bangalore is the birth place of which women?


1) Anushka

2) Roopal

4) Kajal

5) Rani

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3) Kanchan

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ANSWERS
1.5; From I: Babu > Arun > Era
From II: Dolly > Farhan > Babu and Dolly is not heaviest.
From I and II together:
Chintu > Dolly > Farhan > babu > Arun and Era, Chintu must be the heaviest so, Dolly will be the only
one lighter than heaviest. Thus, both I and II are necessary.

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5. 2;
From I : Since Nilesh rank not specified,
specified, we cant determine total no. of students.
From II: Anuj is seventh from top & 8 ranks above Tarun that means there are 7 students between
them. Taruns rank from the bottom is 30.
So, No. of students= (8 + 7 + 30 1)= 44
Hence, only II is sufficient.

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6.5
7.3
8.1
9.4
10.3
11.2; All cars are petrol + No petrol is a bus (A + E = E)= No car is a bus + all buses are cycles (E + A =
O)= Some cycles are not cars. Hence I does not follow. But No petrol is a bus + All buses are cycles =
Some cycles are not petrol. This leaves us with the possibility of II.

12.5; A + E = E So, I follows we also get some cycles are not Cars. This leaves the possibility of II.

13.2; I + A = I. Hence, some white are pagers + All pagers are fax = some white are fax. This leaves us
with the possibility of II.

14.1; Some motors are machines (I) - No machine is a triangle (E) = I + E = O = Some motars are not
triangles. Hence, Conclusion I follows Again, No generators is a motor (E) + Some motars are
machines (I) = E + I = O = Some machines are not generators. Hence conclusion II does not follow.

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15.4;
5.4; Some motars are machines (I) + No machine is a triangle (E) = (I) + (E) = O = Som
Some motars is a
triangles. Hence, conclusion I does not follow.
f
Again, No generator is a motor (E) + Some motars are
machines (I) = E + I = O = Some machines are not
no generators. Hence, conclusion II does not follow.

19.1
20.4
21.3
22.4
23. 1: If the elephants disappears at that rate sooner they will be an endongered speci
species

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24.2; If none of the elephant life is important and valuable, the information about elephants
disappearance will not be required.

25. 3; Increased staff and strict action and punishment


against offender will resolve the problem somehow.

26.4; They are confident be cause they are prepared well for the tournament and also because they
are always a tough competitor.

27.3; Only F suggests that technology is beneficial for kids.

28.2; Childrens needs real time, three dimensional experience .

29.4; It is clear that access of technology, cause kids to struggle.

30.5; All of the given reason is true for urban not having time for community life

31.2

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32.1
33.3
34.5
35.5

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QUANTITATIVE
1. By mistake Ramesh calculates his profit percentage over SP and it is 40%. What is his actual profit
percentage?

1) 20%

2)

3) 66 2/3%

4) 30%

5) can't be determination

2. A shopkeeper sold an article at 13% loss. If he would have sold it for `48 more he would have
earned a profit of 17% more. what was the cost price of the article?
1) Rs 100

2) Rs 120

4) Rs 180

5) Rs 200

3) Rs 160

3. In what ratio should two varieties of washing power @ Rs 70/kg. and @ Rs 100 per kg. be mixed
to make the mixture @ Rs 90 per kg.?
1) 2 : 1

2) 1 : 2

4) 4 :3

5) 2 : 3

3) 3 : 4

4. A , B and C can do a piece of work and earn `45000. If A can do alone in 20 days while B can alone
in 30 days and with the help of C they can do it in 8 days. What is C's share of profit?
1) Rs 18000

2) Rs 12000

3) Rs 30000

4) Rs 15000

5) None of these

5. A person covers a distance at the speed of 15 km/h and reaches his destination. If he walks at 20
km/hr. he can save 2 hrs. find the distance?
1) 100 km.

2) 120 km.

4) 50 km.

5) 60 km.

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3) 140 km.

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Direction (6-10):
): Solve the equation and answer the questions according to following codes:
1) If x < y
2) If x > y
3) if x y
4) If x y
5) If x = y or a relationship between x and y cannot be established.

10. I.(x 3) (x + 2) = 0 II.(y + 3) (y + 4 ) = 0

Direction: (Q.11-15 ): Study the following pie-charts


charts carefully to answer the questions that follow:

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11. What is the total number of boys studying from Bihar and Jharkhand together?
1) 780

2) 680

4) 980

5) 300

3) 788

12. What is the difference between number of girls from Bihar and that from U.P.?
1) 18

2) 36

4) 15

5) 40

3) 10

13. Number of boys from Jharkhand is what percent more than girls from U.P.?
1) 60%

2) 600%

4) 500%

5) 200%

3) 50%

14. Number of boys from M.P. is approximately what percent more than girls from West Bengal?
1) 220%
4) 221%

2) 217%

3) 210%

5) 200%

15. What's the average number of girls in university from all the states together is? (approximate
value)
1) 100

2) 106

4) 110

5) 99

3) 103

Direction (16-20 ): Study the following graph carefully to answer the questions that follow:

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16. How much time did P take to complete his journey on day 5?
1) 1 hr.

2) 30 min.

4) 20 min.

5) 3 hrs.

3) 2 hrs.

17. What was the time taken by Q on day 3?


1) 2 hrs.

2) 30 min.

4) 2 hrs. 45 min.

5) 3 hrs.

3) 1 hr. 36 min.

18. What was the average distance travelled by P in all 5 days?


1) 10 km.

2) 11 km.

4) 12 km.

5) 20 km.

3) 15 km.

19. What was the average distance travelled by P and Q on Day 4?


1) 12 km

2) 18 km

4) 15 km

5) 20 km

3) 30 km

20. What was the difference between time taken by Q on day 3 and that of P on day 5?
1) 30 min.

2) 1 hr.

4) 36 min

5) 40 min.

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3) 1 hr. 6 min.

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Direction (Q. 21-25): Study the following graph carefully to answer the questions that follow:

21. In which year was the highest profit % ?


1) 2006

2) 2010

4) Both 1) and 2)

5) 2009

3) 2008

22. What is the difference between profit percent of 2007 and that of 2009?
1) 14.5%

2) 13.4%

4) 11.2%

5) 15.4%

3) 16.3%

23. Profit earned in 2006 is what percent more than Expenditure in 2007?
1) 10%
4) 40%

2) 30%
5) 15%

3) 20%

24. What is the average expenditure of company A in all the years?


1) 9.5

2) 10.4

4) 15.8

5) 10.9

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3) 11.2

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25. What is the ratio of expenditure in 2007 and in come in 2008?


1) 5 : 9

2) 5 : 2

4) 3 : 2

5) 2 : 3

3) 2 : 5

Direction (26-30): Study the following graph carefully to answer the questions that follow:

26. What is the difference between production of company A and that of company B in 2006?
1) 2 lacs

2) 4 lacs

4) 6 lacs

5) 3 lacs

3) 5 lacs

27. Production of company A is what % more than that of company B in 2007?


1) 50%

2) 66.6%

4) 33.3%

5) 34%

3) 16.6%

28. Production of A is how much less than B in 2008?


1) 10 lac

2) 20 lac

4) 40 lac

5) 50 lac

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3) 30 lac

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29. Production of B is what % more than A in 2008?


1) 100%

2) 150%

4) 250%

5) 300%

3) 200%

30. Average production of A in 2007 and B in 2009 is?


1) 15 lac

2) 19.5 lac

4) 25 lac

5) 26.5 lac

3) 20.5 lac

Directions (Q.31-35): In each of these questions a number series is given. What value will come in
place of the question mark (?) in the following series?
31. 0.5 ? 1.5 4.5 13 38.75
1) 0.5

2) 0.75

4) 1.5

5) None of these

3) 1

32. 13 18 22 25 27 28 ?
1) 30

2) 28

4) 33

5) None of these

3) 32

33. 2 10 30 68 130 222 ?


1) 280

2) 290

4) 350

5) None of these

3) 320

34. 11 24 16 38 27 64 ?
1) 34

2) 38

4) 36

5) None of these

3) 44

35. 821 460 749 580 701 652 ?


1) 668

2) 677

4) 686

5) None of these

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3) 766

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ANSWERS

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9.5;

(I) x = 18, 2 (II) y = 0, 16

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10.2;

(I) x = 3, 2 (II) y = 3, 4

11.3
12.2
13.2
14.2
15.3

16.2
17.3
18.4

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19.4
20.3

21.4
22.2
23.3
24.2
25.3

26.4
27.2

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28.5
29.4
30.3
31.1; (.5 + .5) .5 = .5
(0.5 + 1) 1 = 1.5
(1.5 + 1.5) 1.5 = 4.5
(4.5 + 2) 2 = 13
(13 + 2.5 ) 2.5 = 387.5

32.2; 2 6.5 = 13
3 6 = 18
4 5.5 = 22
5 5 = 25
6 4.5 = 27
7 4 = 28
8 3.50 = 28

34.3; 11 2 + 2 = 24
24 2 + 4 = 16
16 2+ 6 = 38
38 2 + 8 = 27
27 2 + 10 = 64
64 2 + 12 = 44

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ENGLISH LANGUAGE
Direction (Q. 71-75): In the following questions, a sentence has been given with some of its parts in
bold.To make the sentence grammatically correct, you have to replace the bold parts with the
correct alternative give n below. If the sentence is correct as it is, give 5) as your answer (ie. No
correction required).

1) to burden of whatever happened

2) to unburden her friend

3) to unburden herself of what happened.

4) to active

5) No correction required

1) It did not show up at all


4) It does not show up

2) it was rarely

3) we were not participated at all.

5) No correction required

1) due to disturbance

2) in fact disruption

3) already causing severe disruptions

4) need to remove disruptions

5) No correction required

1) was comitted to work with me

2) is committed to working with me

3) is working with a commitment

4) was decided to work

5) No correction required

1) backing of leadership

2) backed of the leadership

3) returning from theleadership

4) the core to leadership

5) No correction required

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Directions (Q. 6-10): Rearrange the following seven sentences (A), (B), (C), (D), (E), (F) and (G) in the
proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph and then answer the questions given below.
(A) Special educational programmes are needed to solve this issue and reduce school dropouts.
(B) Provision of safer stoves will help ameliorate the problem of indoor air pollution.
(C) The present living conditions of the workers in the industry also require drastic improvement.
(D) Attention must also be apid to the nutritional status of the workers and their families.
(E) Availability of basic amenities like sanitation, drinking water, housing etc. should be ensured.
(F) Workers should also be provided with one nutritious meal during their working hours.
(G) Since worker's children are not properly attended to and many of them do not go to school
regularly.
6. Which of the following will be the SEVENTH sentence after rearrangement?
1) A

2) C

4) F

5) G

3) D

7. Which of the following would be the THIRD sentence after rearrangement?


1) C

2) B

4) G

5) F

3) A

8. Which of the following would be the FOURTH sentence after rearrangement?


1) F

2) C

4) A

5) D

3) B

9. Which of the following would be the FIRST sentence after rearrangement?


1) E

2) D

4) C

5) B

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3) A

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10. Which of the following would be the SECOND sentence after rearrangement?
1) A

2) C

4) F

5) E

3) B

Directions (Q. 11-20): In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered.
Find out the appropriate word/phrase in each case.

11-81
1) blocs

2) scaled

4) propose

5) ply

3) adjunct

12-82.
1) alliances

2) connecting

4) promote

5) fitting

3) grouping

13-83.
1) owned

2) grab

4) culminate

5) prevent

3) progress

14-84.
1) summit

2) downturn

4) forum

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3) counterpart

5) raise

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15-85.
1) conventions

2) elimination

4) restriction

5) Devise

3) predecessors

16-86.
1) an

2) their

4) the

5) at

3) a

17-87.
1) designed

2) pressure

4) capacity

5) boggling

3) speech

18-88.
1) have

2) boost

4) share

5) all

3) allow

19-89.
1) What

2) secrecy

3) courageously

4) evading

5) technologically

20-90.
1) regulated

2) docked

4) ambushed

5) brink

3) comprehensive

Directions (Q. 51-60): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it.
Sanitation promotes health through prevention of human contact with the hazards of wastes as well
as the treatment and proper disposal of sewage waste water. These hazardscan be physical,
microbiological, biological or chemical agents of disease. Wastes that can cause health problems
include human and solid wastes, domestic wastewater, industrial wastes and agricultural wastes.
Hygienic means of prevention can be by using engineering solutions, simple technologies e.g.

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septic tanks, or even by personal hygiene practices e.g. simple hand washing with soap. In fact, it is
essential for children to survive, grow and develop into healthy and fulfilled citizens of the world. In
the broader context, UNICEFs activities in Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) contribute to the
achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. UNICEFs\ long standing support for improving
water supply, sanitation and hygiene stems from a firm convictionand based on sound evidence that
these are central to ensuring the rights of children. Apart from these adequate,well-maintained
water supply and sanitation facilities in schools encourage children to attend school regularly
and help t hem achieve their educational goals. Inadequate water supply and sanitation in schools
are health hazards and affect s chool attendance, retention and educational performance.
Adolescent girls are especially vulnerableto dropping out, as many are reluctant to continue their
schooling because toilet facilities are not safe and somewhere are not available. In rural area women
and girls face a loss of personal dignity and safety risk if there is no toilet at home. Some other
important factors which cannot be ignored- water supply and sanitation in our country con tinue to
be inadequate, despite longstanding efforts by the various levels of government and communities at
improving coverage. The level of investment in water and sanitation, albeitlow by international
standards, has increased during the 2000s. Accesshas also increased significantly. The share of
Indians with access to improved sources of water hasincreased significantly, while local government
institutions faced lack of the financial resources to carry out their functions. Thus the lack of
adequate sanitation and safe water has significant negative health impacts including diarrhoea.
Another factor is dependency of people on on-site sanitation facilities. Recently, access to onsitesanitation has increased in both rural and urban areas. In rural areas, total sanitation has been
successful .In ur ban areas; a good practice is the Slum Sanitation Program in Mumbai that has
provided access to sanitation for a quarter million slum dwellers. In Delhi the sewerage network has
lacked maintenance over the years. 2.5 Billion People in the world that defecate openly, some 665
million live in India. This is of greater concern as 88% of deaths from diarrhea occur because of
unsafe water, inadequate sanitation and poor hygiene. Therefore we can say that Lack of access to
adequate sanitation is a huge problem in India. According to UNICEF, about 50% of the countrys
population (approximately 638 million people) resort to open defecation. Not only is this a serious
health hazard, diarrhea caused by lack of sanitation is a leading cause of death, but there are other
problems as well. For example, the dropout rates of girls in schools are directly related to the
unavailability of toilets. Therefore, improving sanitation will also improve the living and economic
conditions of the rural poor.
51. According to the author, what is/are the factors responsible for absenteeism of children in
school?
1) due to safety risk

2) Inadequate water supply

4) both 1 and 3

5) all of the above

3) lack of sanitation facilities

52. Which of the following disease is caused by lack of sanitation?


1) Diarrhea

2) Cancer

4) Viral fever

5) None of these

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3) Tuberculosis

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53. According to the author, why special attention and efforts are required for improving status of
sanitation India?
1) The level of investment in sanitation is low.
2) It has negative health impacts.
3) Rural people, especially children and girls are dropping out from their schools.
4) It encourages many diseases.
5) All of the above.

54. Which of the following is definitely False in the context of the passage?
1) State government have lack of financial resource
2) Government of India have made a comprehensive plan for sanitation.
3) A sanitation program has been organized in Mumbai from slum dwellers.
4) Both 1 & 2
5) None of these

55. By what percentage of deaths are caused by Diarrhea?


1) 2.5% billion people in the world.

2) 66.5% million people

4) 63.8% million people

5) None of these

3) 88% of death

Direction (Q. 56-58): Choose the word which is most nearly the SAME in meaning as the word
printed in bold as used in the passage.
56. Vulnerable
1) Protected

2) Enduring

4) Remedy

5) Pubescence

3) Ready

57. Access
1) Outlet

2) Egress

4) Trunk

5) Approach

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3) Axis

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58. Albeit
1) Although
4) Drove

2) Unsusceptible

3) Measure

5) Grievous

Direction (59-60): Choose the word which is most OPPOSITE in meaning of the word printed in bold
as used in the passage.
59. Hazards
1) Endangerment
4) Meted out

2) Safety

3) Admitting

5) Hostile

60. Conviction
1) Avenue

2) Sludge

4) Distrust

5) Mitigate

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3) Evaluation

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ANSWERS
1.3
2.1
3.3
4.2
5.5
(6-10) C E B D F G A
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.2
12.5
13.1
14.5
15.3
16.4
17.5
18.1
19.1
20.4
21.5
22.1
23.5
24.2
25.3

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26.3
27.5
28.1
29.2
30.4

36

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