Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 120

:

.

.

.

.

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

6................................................................................................
7............................................................................................
10 ..............................................................................................
11 .........................................................................................
15 .............................................................................................
16 .........................................................................................
19 ..............................................................................................
20 ..........................................................................................
23 ............................................................................................
24 .......................................................................................
27 ............................................................................................
28 .......................................................................................
31 .............................................................................................
32 .........................................................................................
34 .............................................................................................
35 .........................................................................................
38 .............................................................................................
39 .........................................................................................
42 .............................................................................................
43 ........................................................................................
46 ......................................................................................

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

47 ..................................................................................
50 ........................................................................................
51 ....................................................................................
53 ........................................................................................
54 ...................................................................................
57 ........................................................................................
58 ....................................................................................
61 ......................................................................................
62 .................................................................................
65 ......................................................................................
66 ..................................................................................
70 .......................................................................................
71 ...................................................................................
74 ........................................................................................
75 ...................................................................................
80 .......................................................................................
81 ...................................................................................
84 ...........................................................................................
85 ......................................................................................
88 ...................................................................................
89 ...............................................................................
92 ...................................................................................
93 ...............................................................................
https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

95 ...................................................................................
96 ...............................................................................
100 ..................................................................................
101 ..............................................................................
104 ...............................................................................
105 ...........................................................................
108 ................................................................................
109 ...........................................................................
112 .................................................................................
113 .................................................................................
116 .................................................................................
117 .............................................................................

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath


1
x

x2 y 2 z 2
+ + x+ y+z
y
z
x

2
:

BA = AD

BA = BC

) ( AD ) ( BC

+ ADB

BAC

3
EFG

EFG

) ( FG

PB + PC + PA = ED

4
x

x y z
= =
y z w

x 5 + y 2 z 2 + x3 z 2
x
=
4
4
2
2
y z + w + y zw
w

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

%
1
:

x 2 2 xy + y 2 0

x2
+ y 2x
y

)(x y

x 2 + y 2 2 xy

x 2 + y 2 2 xy

y
y

y2
+ z 2y
z
z2
+ x 2z
x

(
3

x2
y2
z2
1 2 3 + y + + z + + x 2 x + 2 y + 2 z :
y
z
x
2
x
y2 z2
)+ + + ( x + y + z) ( x + y + z) 2( x + y + z) ( x + y + z
y
z
x

x2 y 2 z 2
+ + x+ y+z
y
z
x

BA = BC

BA = AD

ABC

ABD

= BCA

BAC

= ADB

ABD

BAF

AFC

BFD

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

+ BDA
= 90
FBD

+ ABC
= 90
BAF

+ ACB
= 90
FAC

+ ACB
+ BAF
+ ABC
+ FBD
+ BDA
= 90 + 90 + 90
FAC

+ BAF
) + ACB
+ ( ABC
+ FBD
) + BDA
= 90 + 90 + 90
( FAC

= ABC
+ FBD

ABD

= FAC
+ BAF

BAC

= BCA

BAC

+ ACB
+ ABD
+ BDA
= 90 + 90 + 90
BAC
= ADB

ABD

+ 2BDA
= 270
2 BAC

+ BDA
= 270
2 BAC

+ BDA
= 135
BAC

:
(

EFG

S EFG =

ED FG
2

:
:
:

S EFG = S PEG + S PFG + S PEF


PB EG PC FG PA EF
+
+
2
2
2
PB EG + PC FG + PA EF
=
2
=

FG = EG = EF
8

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

PB FG + PC FG + PA FG
:
2
FG ( PB + PC + PA )
( 2 )
S EFG =
:
2
FG ( PB + PC + PA ) ED FG
=
: 2 1
2
2
2 FG ( PB + PC + PA )
2 ED FG

:
FG
2
FG
2
=

S EFG

PB + PC + PA = ED

4
x y z
= = =k
y z w

y = zk

z = kw

y = ( kw ) k

z = kw

z = kw

x = yk
x = yk

x = ( wk 2 ) k = k 3 w

y = wk 2

x5 + y 2 z 2 + x3 z 2
x
=0
4
4
2
2
y z + w + y zw
w
5

2 2

( k w) + ( wk ) ( kw) + ( k w) ( kw)
( wk ) ( kw) + w + ( wk ) ( kw) w
3

x5 + y 2 z 2 + x 3 z 2
x
=
4
4
2
2
y z + w + y zw
w

2 4

2 2

k 15 w5 + k 4 w2 k 2 w2 + k 9 w3 k 2 w2
k3
8 4
4
4 2
2
k w kw + w + k w kww

k 15 w5 + k 6 w4 + k 11w5
k3
k 9 w5 + w4 + k 5 w5

k 6 w4 k 9 w + 1 + k 5 w
=
w

( k w +1+ k w )
9

= k6 k3 =

3 2

(k )

) k

wk 3
w

k3 = k3 k3 = 0
x 5 + y 2 z 2 + x3 z 2
x
=
4
4
2
2
y z + w + y zw
w

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath


1
x

x+ y+ z =3

y
x
z
3
+
+

y+ z x+ z x+ y 2

2
EFG

] [ FG

] [ FD ] [ EG

:

) ( EF ) ( EG

FD = AB + AC

3
x

1
1
1
= y+ = z+
y
z
x

x+

xyz = 1

4
ECDB

) (
:

EC DB + DC EB = BC ED

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

10

%
1
2

x 1 0

:
:

( )
(x 2

( )

x 20

x x 2 x + 2x + 4 x x 2 0

x x + 3 x 2 0

x (3 x ) 2
1
1

x (3 x ) 2

( x ) 12
2

x
x

y+z 2

) x (3 x

x 1 x 2 0 x 2
x +1 x 2 0

:
:

3 x = y + z > 0

)( x

(
y
y

x+z 2
z
z

x+ y 2

)
)

(
(

y
x
z
x y z
+
+
+ +
y+ z x+ z x+ y 2 2 2

y
x
z
x+ y+ z
+
+

y+ z x+ z x+ y
2

y
x
z
3
+
+

y+ z x+ z x+ y 2

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

11

S EFG = S EFA + S EAG

( EAG : S EAG

EFG

EFA

S EFA

EFG

EG FD AB EF AC EG
=
+
2
2
2
EG FD AB EF + AC EG
=
2
2
EG FD AB EG + AC EG
EF = EG )
=
2
2
EG FD EG ( AB + AC )
=
2
2
EG ( AB + AC )
2
EG FD
2

=
EG
2
EG
2

FD = AB + AC

:
S EFG )

:
:
:
:
:
:

3
1
1
= y + :
y
z
1 1
x y =
:
z y
x( y z)
xyz =
:
x y
1
1
y + = z + :
z
x
1 1
y z = :
x z
x+

zy =

yz
x y

x y =

yz
zy

:
(

xz =

12

zx
yz

yz =

zx
xz

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

)y ( z x

= xyz

yz
1
1
x + = z + :
y
x
z x = 1 1 :
y x
( 3 ) xy = x y :
zx


) xy ( z x

x y

x>0

x y

zx

y>0

x y
xy

) ( xyz

zx
=1
x y

=zx

yz

x y

x y

)( z x
zx

=
x y
2

)) y ( z x

x yz

= ) ( xyz ) ( xyz

) ( xyz

) ( xyz

z>0

xyz > 0

xyz = 1

DBF

] [ BC :

DEC

= DEC

DBF

= BDF

CDE

CED

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

DBF

13

+ EDF
= BDF
+ EDF

CDE

DFC

DB CE + DC BE = BF DE + CF DE

DEB

DCF

:
:

DC BE = CF DE

: 3

= DEB

DCF

DB CE + DC BE = DE ( BF + CF )
EC DB + DC EB = BC ED

14

= EDB

CDF

DC CF
=
DE BE

DB BF
=
DE CE

= BDF

CDE

DBE

DB CE = BF DE

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath


1
x

xy xz yz
+ +
x+ y+z
z
y
x

2
AHB

= 120
ABH

) [ BC

C [ HA] ) ABH

) ( CB ) ( AB

1
1
1
+
=
BH AB CB

3
x

= x2 + y 2 + z 2

)(x + y + z

1 1 1
+ + =0
x y z

4
ABC

] [ BC

) ( AE ] [ BC

) E ( BC

) ( AD

CG = BF

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

15

%
1
c = xz

b = yz

a = xy

:
(c a)

a 2 2ab + b 2 + b 2 2bc + c 2 + c 2 2ac + a 2 0


2 ( a 2 + a 2 + a 2 ) 2 ( ab + bc + ac )

( b c )2 ( a b )2 0 :

: ( a b )2 + ( b c )2 + ( c a )2 0 :

2a 2 + 2b 2 + 2c 2 2ab 2bc 2ac 0

2 ( a2 + b2 + c2 )

2 ( ab + bc + ac )
2 abc
b2
c2
ab
bc
ac
+
+

+
+
abc
abc
abc
abc
abc
abc

2 abc
a2

a2
b2
c2
a 2b 2
b2c 2
a 2c 2
+
+

+
+
abc
abc
abc
abc
abc
abc
a2

abc

x2 y 2
x2 y2 z2

y2 z2
x2 y2 z 2

b2

c2

abc

abc

x2 z 2
x2 y2 z 2

:
:
:

ab
bc
ac
+
+
c
a
b

xy 2 z
+
xz

yz 2 x
x 2 yz
+
xy
yz

x2 y 2 y 2 z 2 x2 z 2
+
+
y 2 + z 2 + x 2 :
xyz
xyz
xyz
xy yz xz
+ + y + z + x :
z
x
y

ABH

16

[ BC )

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

= HBC
= ABH = 120 = 60
ABC
2
2

= HBD
+ ABH

DBA

= DBA
ABH
=180 120 = 60
HBD

( HB ) ( HD ) ( CB )
(

= HBC
= 60
BHD

+ DHB
+ HBD
= 180 :
HDB

= 180 DHB
+ HBD

HDB

= 180 ( 60 + 60 ) = 180 120 = 60


HDB

HDB

HD = HB = DB

( HD ) / / ( CB )
AH AD DH
=
=
AC AB CB

AD = AB + BD

AD DH
:
=
AB CB
AB + BD BH
:
HD = HB = DB )
=
AB
CB
AB + BH
1
:
=
AB BH CB
AB
BH
1
:
=
+
AB BH AB BH CB
1
1
1
:
+
=
BH AB CB

3
(x + y + z)

= x2 + y 2 + z 2

+ 2 ( x + y ) z + z 2 = x2 + y2 + z 2

x 2 + 2 xy + y 2 + 2 ( x + y ) z + z 2 = x 2 + y 2 + z 2

( x + y)

2 ( xy + xz + yz ) = 0
xy
xz
yz
+
+
=0
xyz xyz xyz

17

2 xy + 2 ( x + y ) z = 0 :

1
1
2 ( xy + xz + yz ) = 0
2 xyz
2 xyz

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

1 1 1
+ + =0
x y z

ABD

ACD

:
:
)

S ABD

AE BD
2

= S ABD

AE CD
2

ABD

= S ACD

S ACD

ACD

BD = CD

S ABD = S ACD

:
:

AD BF
2

S ABD = S ACD

= S ABD

AD CG
2

= S ACD

AD BF AD CG
:
=
2
2
2
AD BF
2
AD CG

:
AD
2
AD
2

BF = CG

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

18


1
x

x
y
1
+ 4

2
2
x +y
y +x
xy

2
ABC

] [ BC ] [ AC ][ AB
:

AB + AC + BC
< AD + CE + BF < AB + AC + BC
2

3
EFG

EF 4 + EG 4 < FG 4 :

4
:

1 3 5
2012 2014
1
...

<
2 4 6
2013 2015
2016

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

19

%
1
:
:

+ y) 0

(x

x4 2x2 y + y 2 0
x
1

2
x +y
2 xy

:
)

x4 + y 2 2x2 y

y
1

2
y +x
2 yx

1
1
2
2
x +y
2x y
4

x
x
2
2
x +y
2x y
4

x
y
1
1
+ 4

+
2
2
x +y
y +x
2 xy 2 yx
4

x
y
2
+ 4

2
2
x +y
y +x
2 xy
x
y
1
:
+ 4

4
2
2
x +y
y +x
xy
4

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

20

[ BC ]

(
(

AC < AD + DC

AC + AB < AD + DC + AD + DB

ACM

ADB

ADC

AB < AD + DB


:
:

AC + AB BC < 2 AD

AC + BC AB < 2CE < AC + BC


AB + BC AC < 2 BF < AB + BC
9

AC + AB < 2 AD + BC

AC + AB BC < 2 AD < AC + AB

BC = BD + DC

2 AD < AC + AB

AB = CM

AM = 2 AD

AM < AC + CM
AM < AC + AB

( [ AM ]

AC + AB BC + AC + BC AB + AB + BC AC < 2 AD + 2CE + 2 BF < AC + AB + AC + BC + AB + BC

:
AC + AB BC + AC + BC AB + AB + BC AC < 2 ( AD + CE + BF ) < 2 AC + 2 AB + 2 BC

1
1
1
( AB + AC + BC ) < 2 ( AD + CE + BF ) < 2 ( AC + AB + BC ) :
2
2
2
AB + AC + BC
< AD + CE + BF < AB + AC + BC :
2

3
21

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

E EFG

EF 2 + EG 2 = FG 2 :

: ( EF 4 + EG 4 ) FG 4
2

FG 4 EF 4 EG 4 = ( FG 2 ) EF 4 EG 4 = ( EF 2 + EG 2 ) EF 4 EG 4
2

= ( EF 2 ) + 2 EF 2 EG 2 + ( EG 2 ) EF 4 EG 4
= EF 4 + 2EF 2 EG 2 + EG 4 EF 4 EG 4
= 2 EF 2 EG 2 > 0
EF 4 + EG 4 < FG 4 :

4
2 4 6
2013 2015
Y = ...

3 5 7
2014 2016

1 3 5
2012 2014
X = ...

2 4 6
2013 2015

:
:

1 2
<
2 3
3 4
<
4 5
M
2012 2013
<
2013 2014
2014 2015
<
2015 2016
1 3 5
2012 2014 2 4 6
2013 2015
...

< ...

2 4 6
2013 2015 3 5 7
2014 2016
X <Y

X 2 < XY

X2 = X <

:
XY =

XY

XY

1 2 3 4 5 6
2012 2013 2014 2015
1
...

=
2 3 4 5 6 7
2013 2014 2015 2016 2016

1
1
=
:
2016
2016
1 3 5
2012 2014
1
X = ...

< XY =
:
2 4 6
2013 2015
2016
XY =

22

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath


1
x

1 1 1
+ + 9
x y z

( x + y + z)

2
EFGH

] [ EG ] [ FH


: P
:

EFGH

1
P < EG + FH < P
2

1
1
1
1
+
+
+ .... +
1 2 3 4 5 6
99 100
1
1
1
1
1
+
+
+ ... +
+
51 100 52 99 53 98
99 52 100 51

10

) (

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

23

%
1
: ( x + y + z ) 1 + 1 + 1 9
x

:
1 1 1
x x x y y y z z z
+ + 9 = + + + + + + + + 9
x y z x y z x y z
x y z

(x + y + z)

x x y
y z z
+ + +1+ + + +1 9
y z x
z x y
x x y y z z
= + + + + + 6
y z x z x y
= 1+

x y
y z
z x
+ 2+ + 2+ + 2
y x
z y
x z

x 2 + y 2 2 xy y 2 + z 2 2 zy x 2 + z 2 2 xz
+
+
xy
zy
xz

( x y)
=

xy

( z y)
+
zy

(z y)
xz > 0

zy > 0

(x z)
+

xz

xy > 0

( x y )2 0 ( x z )2 0
:

z>0

y>0

x>0

1 1 1
( x y ) + ( z y ) + ( x z ) 0 :
(x + y + z) + + 9 =
xy
zy
xz
x y z
1 1 1
( x + y + z ) + + 9 :
x y z

2
:

EFGH

P = EF + FG + GH + HE
EG < EH + HG

EG < EF + FG

EG + EG < EF + FG + EH + HG

EHG

EFG

:
2 EG < P

24

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

FH < GF + HG

FH < EF + EH

FH + FH < EF + EH + GF + HG

HGF

:
P
2

EG <
EHF

:
:

2FH < P

(
(
:

EG + FH < P

P
2

FH <

EOH

HGO

FOG

EFO

EH < OH + OE

HG < OG + OH

FG < OF + OG

EF < EO + OF

EF + FG + HG + EH < EO + OF + OF + OG + OG + OH + OH + OE :
P < 2 EG + 2 FH

P < 2 ( EO + OG ) + 2 ( OF + OH )

P
< EG + FH :
2
1
P < EG + FH < P
2

P < 2 ( EG + FH )

3
1
1
1
1
:
+
+
+ ... +
1 2 3 4 5 6
99 100
1
1
1
1
1

Y=
+
+
+ ... +
+
51100 52 99 53 98
99 52 100 51
1
1
1
1
:
X=
+
+
+ ... +
1 2 3 4 5 6
99 100
1
1 1 1 1 1
1
X = 1 + + + ... +
:
2 3 4 5 6
99 100
1
1 1 1
1 1 1
1
1 1
1
X = 1 + 2 + + 2 + + 2 + ... + +
2
:
2 3 4
4 5 6
6
100
2
99 100
X=

1
1 1 1 1
1
1 1 1 1 1
X = 1 + + + + + ... + +
2 + + ... +

99 100 2 4 6
100
2 3 4 5 6
1
1 1 1
1
1 1 1 1 1
X = 1 + + + + + ... + +
1 + + ... +
99 100 2 3
50
2 3 4 5 6
1 1
1
1
1
X = + + ... + +
51 52 53
99 100
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1


X + X = + + ... + +
+ + + ... + +

99 100 51 52 53
99 100
51 52 53

25

:
:
:
:

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

1 1
1 1
1
1 1
1
1
1
2X = +
+
+ + + + + ... + + +
51 100 52 99 53 98
99 52 100 51
151
151
151
151
151
= 2X
+
+
+ ... +
+
51100 52 99 53 98
99 52 100 51
1
1
1
1
1

+
+
+ ... +
+
2 X = 151

99 52 100 51
51100 52 99 53 98

2 X = 151Y

X 151
=
Y
2

4
:

ABC

AB = BC = 1

:
AC 2 = AB 2 + BC 2

AC 2 = 12 + 12 = 1 + 1 = 2

AC = 2

:

C

ADC

DC = 2

:
:

+ 22 = 2 + 4 = 6

)( 2

= AD 2

AD 2 = AC 2 + DC 2

AD = 6

'A

' ADA

:
2

= 4 + 6 = 10

AA ' = 10

)( 6

DA ' = 2

AA '2 = DA '2 + AD 2

AA '2 = 2 2 +

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

26


1
x

-1
-2

)x >0

y>0

z>0

x y
+ 2
y x
x+ y y+ z x+ z
+
+
6 :
z
x
y

2
x

x 7 y + 8z = 4

8 x + 4 y z = 7

x2 y 2 + z 2 = 1

3
:
) ( AC ) / / ( BD

BD = 4

AC = 8

) ( BC ) ( AD

] [ AB ) ( EF ) / / ( BD

EF

4
x

:
:

xyz = 1

1
2

2 xm
2 ym
2 zm
+
+
=1
xy + x + 1 yz + y + 1 xz + z + 1

=m

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

27

%
1
2

- 1 :

x y
x2 + y 2
) x 2 2 xy + y 2 ( x y
=+ 2
=2
=
0
y x
xy
xy
xy

) ( x y )2 0
x y
+ 2
y x

-2

:
:

xy > 0

x y
+ 2 :
y x
y z
+ 2 :
z y
x z
+ 2
z x

x y y z x z
+ + + + + 2+2+2
y x z y z x
x+ y y+ z x+ z
+
+
2+2+2
z
x
y
x+ y y+ z x+ z
+
+
6
z
x
y

2
:

)(1
)( 2

x 7 y + 8 z = 4

8 x + 4 y z = 7

) (1
:

) ( 2

) (2
:
)(1

x 7 y + 8 z = 4

8 x + 4 y z = 7

2 x 14 y + 16 z = 8

8 x + 4 y z = 7

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

2 x 14 y + 16 z + 8 x + 4 y z = 8 + 7

28

10 x 10 y + 15 z = 15

) 10 ( x y ) = 15 (1 z

15
3
) (1 z ) = (1 z
10
2

= x y

) )( ( 1
) (2

x 7 y + 8 z = 4

8 x + 4 y z = 7

x + 7 y 8 z = 4

16 x + 8 y 2 z = 14

:
:

15 x + 15 y 10 z = 10

) 15 ( x + y ) = 10 (1 + z

10
2
) (1 + z ) = (1 + z
15
3

= x+ y

x + 7 y 8 z + 16 x + 8 y 2 z = 4 + 14

3
2
( x y ) ( x + y ) = (1 z ) (1 + z ) :
3

x2 y 2 = 1 z 2

x2 y 2 + z 2 = 1

3
: ABC
BF BE EF
=
=
BA BC AC

BF EF
=
BA AC

: ADB
AF EF
AF AE EF

=
=
=
AB DB
AB AD DB


:
:

BF AF EF EF
+
=
+
BA AB AC DB
1 BF + AF AB
1
EF
+
=
=1
=
AB
AB
AC DB
1
1
1
+
=
AC DB EF

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

29

1
1 1 4 + 8 12
= + =
=
EF 8 4
32
32
32 8
=
EF =
12 3

4
1
yz = 1 : xyz = 1 :
y
x
2 xm
2 ym
2 zm
+
+
= 1 :
xy + x + 1 yz + y + 1 xz + z + 1
2 xm
2 ym
2 zm
+
+
= 1 :
xy + x + 1 1 + y + 1 1 + z + 1
x
y
2 xm
2 ym
2 zm
+
+
= 1 :
xy + x + 1 1 + xy + x 1 + yz + y
x
y
2 xm
2 xym
2 yzm
+
+
= 1 :
xy + x + 1 1 + xy + x 1 + yz + y
2 xm
2 xym
2 yxm
+
+
= 1 :
xy + x + 1 1 + xy + x 1 + 1 + y
x
2 xm
2 xym
2 yzm
+
+
= 1 :
xy + x + 1 1 + xy + x 1 + xy + x
x
2 xm
2 xym
2 xyzm
+
+
= 1 :
xy + x + 1 1 + xy + x 1 + xy + x
2 xm + 2 xym + 2 1 m
= 1 :
xy + x + 1

xz =

) =1

2m = 1

2m x + xy + 1
xy + x + 1

m=

30

1
2

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath


1
x

-1
-2

1 1
4
+
:
x y x+ y
1
1
1
1
1
1
+
+

+
+
:
2x 2 y 2z x + y y + z z + x

S [ PM ] :

] R [ NM

) ( AR ) / / ( NS ) ( PR ) / / ( BS
MA MB
=
MP MN

3
ABC C
BC K > AB k + AC K :

) ( K >2

4
x

'x

'y

'z

( x + y + z )( x '+ y '+ z ') :

x
y
z
= = =m
'x' y' z

= ' xx ' + yy ' + zz

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

31

%
1
2

x + y ) 4 xy x 2 2 xy + y 2
(
( x y) 0
1 1
4
y+x
4
+
=

=
=
=
x y x+ y
xy
x+ y
xy ( x + y )
xy ( x + y )
xy ( x + y )

xy ( x + y ) 0

y>0

x>0

: -1

( x y )2 0 : )
1 1
4
+
x y x+ y

1 1
4
+
x y x+ y
1 1
4
+
y z y+z
1 1
4
+
x z x+ z

1 1 1 1 1 1
4
4
4
+ + + + +
+
+
x y y z x z x+ y y+z x+z

: -2
:

1
2 2 2
1
1
+ + 4
+
+

x y z
x+ y y+ z x+ z

1 1 1 1 1 1
1
1
2 + + 4
+
+
:
4 x y z 4 x+ y y+z x+z
11 1 1
1
1
1
+
+
:
+ +
2 x y z x+ y y+ z x+ z
1
1
1
1
1
1
+
+

+
+
:
2x 2 y 2z x + y y + z z + x

2
( AR ) / / ( NS ) :
MA MR
=
MS MN

MA MR AR
=
=
MS MN SN

MS MR = MA MN

( PR ) / / ( BS ) :

MB MS BS
=
=
MR MP PR

MRP

:
(

32

:
(

MB MS
=
MR MP

MSN

MS MR = MB MP

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

MA MN = MB MP

MA MB
=
MP MN

3
C

ABC

:
:

BC 2 = AB 2 + AC 2
BC 2 BC K 2 = AB 2 BC K 2 + AC 2 BC K 2

(
BC K 2 > AC K 2

:
1

BC K 2 > AB K 2

BC K = AB 2 BC K 2 + AC 2 BC K 2

BC K 2 AC 2 > AC K 2 AC 2

BC K 2

BC > AB

BC K 2 AB 2 > AB K 2 AB 2

BC K 2 AC 2 > AC K

BC > AC

BC K 2 AB 2 > AB k

BC K > AB k + AC K

4
z = mz '

x
y
z
= = =m
x' y' z'

y = my '

x = mx '

:
xx ' + yy ' + zz ' = mx ' x ' + my ' y ' + mz ' z '
= mx '2 + my '2 + mz '2
= x' m + y' m + z' m
= m ( x '+ y '+ z ')

( x + y + z )( x '+ y '+ z ') = ( mx '+ my '+ mz ')( x '+ y '+ z ')


= m ( x '+ y '+ z ')( x '+ y '+ z ')
= m ( x '+ y '+ z ')

xx ' + yy ' + zz ' =

33

( x + y + z )( x '+ y '+ z ') :

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath


1
x

x+ y
x
y

+
xy + x + 1 x + 1 y + 1

EFGH

GP 2 + EP 2 = HP 2 + FP 2

3
x

( x y )( 3x 2 y ) = xy :

x+ y
x y

4
:
ABDC

BD = 6cm

) ( C

r = 1cm

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

34

%
1
:

x>0

:
:

y>0

x+ y x

x
x

x + y +1 x +1

x + y +1 x +1
1

1
1

x + y +1 x +1

y
y

y + x +1 y +1

x
y
x
y
+

+
1 2 :
x + y +1 y + x +1 x +1 y +1
x+ y
x
y

+
:
x + y +1 x +1 y +1

] [ EF

] [ FG

] [GH

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

35

[ EH ]
:
(

HB = DP

PHB

PCG

AF = PC

AFP

CG = PB

AEP

AE = DP )

EP 2 = AP 2 + AE 2 = AP 2 + DP 2
2
2
2
2
2
PG = PC + CG = PC + PB
2
2
2
2
2
PF = AP + AF = AP + PC
PH 2 = PB 2 + HB 2 = PB 2 + DP 2

:
PG 2 + EP 2 = PC 2 + PB 2 + AP 2 + DP 2
= PB 2 + DP 2 + AP 2 + PC 2
= PH 2 + PF 2

3
3 x 2 2 xy 3 xy + 2 y 2 xy = 0

( x y )( 3x 2 y ) = xy :

2 y2
3 x 2 2 xy +
=0
3

y2
2
x

(
)

=0
3

3 x 2 6 xy + 2 y 2 = 0

2
y2
2
x

2
xy
+
y

= 0 :
3

y
y

x y+
x y
= 0 :
3
3

y
y
x y
=0 x y+
= 0 :
3
3
y
x= y+
x = y y :
3
3

:
y
y
+ y 2y
x+ y
3
3 = 2 3 1 = 1 2 3
=
=
y
x y y y y
1

3
3
y

y
y
y+
+ y 2y +
x+ y
3
3 = 1+ 2 3
=
=
y
y
x y y+
y
3
3

36

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

4

O

) ( CD

= 90
OHD

) ( DN ) ( C

( DN ) ( ON ) :
:

= 90
DNO

= 360 DNO
OHD
HDN

HON

= 360 90 90 90 = 90 :
HON

= DNO
= OHD
= HDN
= 90
HON

ONDH

OH = ND

CH = CD HD

CH = 6 r

OH

OHC

CO = CM + MO

CO = 6 + r

DO = 6 r

:
:
:

OH 2 = CO 2 CH 2
2

CO 2 = CH 2 + OH 2
2

) OH 2 = ( 6 + r ) ( 6 r

OH 2 = 36 + 12r + r 2 36 + 12r r

ODN

:
:

36 12r + r 2 = r 2 + 24r

24r

OH = 24r

DO = DP PO

= r2 +

OD 2 = ON 2 + DN 2

) DO = 6 r

) (6 r

OH = ND

36r = 36

r =1

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

37


1
x

x >1

y >1

x2
y2
+
8
y 1 x 1

2
EFG

] [ EF

EF < FG

) ( EG

GN 2 EN 2 = FG 2

3
m


1
2
m

-1
-2

m+
t

1 1 1 1
+ + + 16
x y z t

( x + y + z + t)

4
ABCD

AMD

N
D

] [ BC ] [ AD
) ( AM

CE = CD

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

38

%
1
:

x >1

y >1

x 1 > 0

y 1 > 0

a = x 1

b = y 1

:
:

x = a +1

y = b +1

)x 2 = ( a + 1

)y 2 = ( b + 1

:
2

)( a + 1) + ( b + 1
x2
y2
+
=
y 1 x 1
b
a

a 2 + 2a + 1 b 2 + 2b + 1
=
+
b
a
2
2
a +1 b +1 a b
=
+
+ 2 +
b
a
b a

a 2 + 2ab + b 2 0

)(a + b

a 2 + b 2 2ab

1
1
) ( a 2 + b2
2 ab :
ab
ab
a b
)(1
2 + 4 :
b a

a 2 2a + 1 0

a b
+ 2
b a

)( a 1

a 2 + 1 2a

b
b

:
)

a 2 + 1 2a

1
1
( a 2 + 1) 2a
b
b

b 2 + 1 2b

a
a

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

39

a 2 + 1 b 2 + 1 2a 2b
+

+
b
a
b
a
2
2
a +1 b +1
a b
+
2 + :
b
a
b a

a 2 + 1 b2 + 1
a b
+
2 + :
b
a
b a

x2
y2
a 2 + 1 b2 + 1 a b
+
=
+
+ 2 + 4 + 4
y 1 x 1
b
a
b a

:
x2
y2
+
8
y 1 x 1

MG 2 = MN 2 + GN 2

ME 2 = MN 2 + EN 2

MNG

MEN

GN 2 = MG 2 MN 2

EN 2 = ME 2 MN 2

GN 2 EN 2 = MG 2 MN 2 ( ME 2 MN 2 ) :

( [ EF ]

GN 2 EN 2 = MG 2 ME 2

GN 2 EN 2 = MG 2 MF 2

MG 2 = MF 2 + FG 2

ME = MF

MGF

:
(

FG 2 = MG 2 MF 2

GN 2 EN 2 = FG 2

3
1
m+ 2
m

1
m2 + 1
m 2 + 1 2m ( m 1)
m+ 2=
2=
=
0
m
m
m
m

: -1
: -2

1 1 1 1
x x x y
y y z z
z t t t
+ + + = 1+ + + + +1+ + + + +1+ + + + +1
y z t x
z t x y
t x y z
x y z t

(x + y + z + t)

x y x z x t y z y t z t
= + + + + + + + + + + + +4
y x z x t x z y t y t z
40

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath


x t
+ 2
t x
z t
+ 2
t z

x z
+ 2
z x
y t
+ 2
t y

x y
+ 2 :
y x
y z
+ 2
z y

:
1 1 1 1
x x x y
y y z z
z t t t
+ + + = 1+ + + + +1+ + + + +1+ + + + +1
y z t x
z t x y
t x y z
x y z t

(x + y + z + t)

x y x z x t y z y t z t
= + + + + + + + + + + + +4
y x z x t x z y t y t z
2+2+2+2+2+2+4
1 1 1 1
+ + + 16
x y z t

( x + y + z + t)

[ AD ] [ BC ]

ABCD

( MC ) / / ( AN ) :

MC = AN

ANCM

( AM ) / / ( NC ) :

( ( AM ) ( DE ) )

( CN ) / / ( AE ) [ AD ]

)
N

( CN ) ( DE ) :

ADE

( DE ) ( CN )

[ DE ] ( CN )
CE = CD

41

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath


1
x

-1 :

t +1
2

-1 :

x + y + z =1

2x + 1 + 2 y + 1 + 2z +1 4

2
EFG

) ( FG

EF + EG < EM + FG

3
ABCD

( AB ) ( AC ) :

) ( DC ) ( AC

][ BD

) ( AC

2EH = AB + DC

4
:
1
1000 999 + 999 1000

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

+ ... +

1
3 2 +2 3

1
2 1 +1 2

=S

42

%
1
(
2 t t +1

2 t t 1

t 1 0

: -1

t 1 = t 2 t +1 0

1
1
2 t ( t + 1) :
2
2
t +1
:
t
2
2x + 1
2 y +1

( 2 x + 1) + 1

: 1 -2

2
2
y
+
( 1) + 1

2z + 1

2
( 2 z + 1) + 1

2
( 2 x + 1) + 1 + ( 2 y + 1) + 1 + ( 2 z + 1) + 1
2x +1 + 2 y +1 + 2z +1
2
2
2

2x + 2 y + 2z + 6
2
2( x + y + z) + 6
2x + 1 + 2 y + 1 + 2z +1
2
2 x + 1 + 2 y + 1 + 2 z + 1 2 1 + 6
2

2x +1 + 2 y +1 + 2z +1

2x +1 + 2 y +1 + 2z +1

8
2

:
:

2x + 1 + 2 y + 1 + 2z +1 4

2
:
( EM + FG )

S EFG

(
(
43

= EM 2 + 2 EM FG + FG 2

EM FG
2
= EM 2 + 4
+ FG
2

EM FG EF EG
:
=
=
2
2

EFG

S EFG )

) ( EM + FG )2 = EM 2 + 4S EFG + FG 2 :
https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

:
( EF + EG )

= EF 2 + 2 EF EG + EG 2
EF EG
= EF 2 + EG 2 + 4

EFG

( EF + EG )

:
2

( EF + EG ) ( EM + FG )

FG 2 = EF 2 + EG 2 )

= FG 2 + 4 S EFG

= FG 2 + 4 S ABC ( EM 2 + 4 S ABC + FG 2 )
= FG 2 + 4 S ABC EM 2 4 S ABC FG 2
= EM 2 < 0

( EF + EG )

< ( EM + FG )

EF + EG < EM + FG

BG BE GE
=
=
BC BD CD

: BCD

( [ BD] E )

( GE ) / / ( CD ) [ BD]

GE BE
BE 1
:
=
=
=
CD BD 2 BE 2
( 1 ) GE = 1 CD
2
E BCD

[ BC ]

CH CG HG
: ABC
=
=
CA CB AB
HG CG 1
( [ BC ] G )

=
=
AB CB 2

44

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

HG =

1
AB :
2

1
1

2 EH = 2 ( HG + GE ) = 2 AB + CD = AB + CD : 2 1
2
2

4
:
x x 1 ( x 1) x
1
1
=

x x 1 + ( x 1) x x x 1 + ( x 1) x x x 1 ( x 1) x
=

x x 1 ( x 1) x
2

x 2 ( x 1) ( x 1) x
x x 1 ( x 1) x
x x 2 x ( x 2 2 x + 1)
3

x x 1 ( x 1) x
x3 x 2 x3 + 2 x 2 x

x x 1 ( x 1) x
x2 x
x x 1 ( x 1) x
=
x ( x 1)
=

x 1 x
x x 1

x ( x 1) x x 1

x 1
x

x 1
x

:
S=
=

1
1
1
+
+ ... +
2 1 +1 2 3 2 + 2 3
1000 999 + 999 1000
1
2
2
3
999
1000

+ ...... +

1
2
2
3
1000
999

= 1

45

1000
10 10
10
= 1
= 1
1000
1000
100

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath


1
:
) ( DE

DE = 8cm

'S

1
= 1287
xyz

1
= 10
y

x+

1
= 11
z

y+

1
= 12
x

z+

xyz +

3
EFG

] [ FG

] [ FD ] [ EG

:

) ( EF ) ( EG

FD = AB + AC

4
x


)+ 1)( y 2 + 1) x ( y 2 + 1) + y ( x 2 + 1

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

(x

46

%
1

'O

O 'E = O ' D = R

) ( O ' G ] [ DE

] [ DE

GE = GD = 4cm

O ' GE

:
:

O ' E 2 = O ' G 2 + GE 2

R 2 = r 2 + 16

)'S

( r 2 + 16 ) r 2
2

16

r2
2

R2
2

='S

2
= 8
https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

47

2
z+

x+ y+ z+

1
= 12
x

1 1 1
+ + = 33
x y z

y+

1
= 11
z

x+

1
= 10
y

1
1
1
x + y + z + = 1320 :
y
z
x

x
1
1
xy + + 1 + z + = 1320 :
z
yz
x

1
1 1
1
xyz + y + x + + z + + +
= 1320 :
z
x y xyz

1
1 1 1
xyz +
+ x + y + z + + + = 1320 :
xyz
x y z

1
xyz +
+ 33 = 1320
xyz

1
xyz +
= 1287 :
xyz

S EFG = S EFA + S EAG

( EAG : S EAG
48

EFA

S EFA

EFG

:
S EFG )

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

EFG

EG FD AB EF AC EG
=
+
2
2
2
EG FD AB EF + AC EG
=
2
2
EG FD AB EG + AC EG
EF = EG )
=
2
2
EG FD EG ( AB + AC )
=
2
2
EG ( AB + AC )
2
EG FD
2

EG
2
EG
2

FD = AB + AC

:
:
:
:
:
:

4
( y 1)

= y2 2 y +1 0

( x 1)2 = x 2 2 x + 1 0 :
x2 + 1 2x

y2 +1
x2 + 1
y
x
2
2
( x2 + 1) y 2 + 1 x y 2 + 1
( ) ( )
2

y2 +1 2 y

(y

+ 1)

(x

+ 1)

(y

+ 1) +

(x

+ 1) y ( x 2 + 1)

y2 +1 2
x + 1) x ( y 2 + 1) + y ( x 2 + 1) :
(
2
2 ( x 2 + 1)
( y 2 + 1) x ( y 2 + 1) + y ( x 2 + 1) :
2

(x

49

+ 1) ( y 2 + 1) x ( y 2 + 1) + y ( x 2 + 1)

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath


1
x

xz + yz + xy = 0

x+ y y+ z z+ x
+
+
=0
xy
yz
xc

2
ABC

ABC

) AB 4 AC 4 = BC 2 ( AB 2 AC 2

AB AC

3
x

x< y+z

x
y
z
<
+
1+ x 1+ y 1+ z

A + D + B + E + C = 180

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

50

%
1
:
x+ y y+ z z+ x z x+ y x y+ z y z+ x
+
+
=
+
+
xy
yz
xc
z
xy
x
yz
y
xz
xz + yz xy + xz yz + xy
=
+
+
xyz
xyz
xyz
=

xz + yz + xy + xz + yz + xy
xyz

2 xz + 2 yz + 2 xy
xyz

=
=

2 ( xz + yz + xy )

xyz
2 0
=0
xyz

x+ y y+ z z+ x
+
+
=0
xy
yz
xc

2
AB 4 AC 4 = BC 2 ( AB 2 AC 2 ) :

( AB

AB 4 AC 4 = BC 2 AB 2 BC 2 AC 2

AB 4 AC 4 BC 2 AB 2 + BC 2 AC 2 = 0

AC 2 )( AB 2 + AC 2 ) BC 2 ( AB 2 AC 2 ) = 0

( AB

AC 2 )( AB 2 + AC 2 BC 2 ) = 0

AB 2 + AC 2 BC 2 = 0

AB 2 + AC 2 = BC 2

AB 2 + AC 2 = BC 2

51

ABC

AB 2 AC 2 = 0

AB 2 + AC 2 = BC 2

AB 2 = AC 2

AB = AC
AB AC


https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

3
y
x
z
x
y
z

=
1+ x 1+ y 1+ z 1+ x 1+ y 1+ z
=
=
=

x (1 + y )(1 + z ) y (1 + x )(1 + z ) z (1 + x )(1 + y )


(1 + x )(1 + y )(1 + z )
x + xz + xy + xyz y yz xy xyz z yz xz xyz

(1 + x )(1 + y )(1 + z )
x y z 2 yz xyz
(1 + x )(1 + y )(1 + z )

x< y+z
x yz <0

z>0

2 yz xyz < 0

y>0

x>0

( 1 + x )(1 + y )(1 + z ) > 0

x y z 2 yz xyz
<0
(1 + x )(1 + y )(1 + z )
x
y
z
<
+
1+ x 1+ y 1+ z

4
( EB ) ( AD )
( EB ) ( AC )
= 180 AIF

CIE

= 180 AFI
)
BFD

= 180 AFI

BFD

+ E + C = 180
CIE
= 180 AIF
)
CIE

+ AIF
= 180
A + AFI

A + D + B + E + C = 180

52

= D + B
AFI

CEI

= E + C
AIF

:
:

AFI

:
:

+ E + C = 180
180 AIF

(
(

DFB

+ D + B = 180
180 AFI

(
(

+ D + B = 180
BFD

+ BFD
= 180
AFI

+ CIE
= 180
AIF

:
:

3 2 1

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath


1
x

x y

( :

x + 2 y = 3 xy

x
y

ABC

] [ BC

3
x

-1
-2

xy
x+ y


x+ y
4
xy
xz
zy
x+ y+ z
+
+


x+ y x+ z z+ y
2

4
EFG

EF + FG 2 EG

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

53

%
1
:

x + 2 y = 3 xy
x + 2 y 3 xy
=
y
y

xy
x
+2=3
y
y2

x
xy
+2=3 2
y
y

x
x
+2=3
y
y

x
x
3
+2=0
y
y

x
x

2
y
y

x x
2

y y

x

x
1 = 0
y

x
+2=0
y

x
2 = 0 :
y

x
1 = 0 :
y

x
2=0
y

x
=1
y

x
=2
y

= 1
y

x
= 1
y

x
1
y

:
:

2
= 2

x
=4 :
y

x
y

x
=4
y

54

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

] [ BC

) ( ) ( D

) ( D ) (

ABC

) ( PE

) ( AC ) = ( D

] [ AC

) ( BE
-

ABC

)(1

ABC

) ( PF

) ( = ) ( AB
F

] [ BC ) ( ) = ( AB

] [ BC ) ( D ) = ( AC

] [ AB

) ( CF
1 2

ABC

)(2

ABC

) ( PG ] [ BC

3
https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

55

: -1
2

xy
x + y 4 xy ( x + y )
4 xy x 2 2 xy y 2 2 xy x 2 y 2 ( x y )

=
=
=
=
0
4
4( x + y)
4( x + y)
4( x + y)
4( x + y)
x+ y
xy
x+ y

x+ y
4

x+ y
xy
x+ y 4

z+ y
xy
xz
zy
x+ y x+ z z+ y
zy

+
+

+
+
:
: 1 -2
z
+
y
4
x+ y x+ z z+ y
4
4
4

xz
x+ z

4
x+ z
2( x + y + z)
xy
xz
zy
xy
xz
zy
2x + 2 y + 2z
+
+

:
+
+

:
x+ y x+ z z+ y
4
x+ y x+ z z+ y
4
xy
xz
zy
x+ y+ z
:
+
+

x+ y x+ z z+ y
2

4
F

EG 2 = EF 2 + FG 2

2 EG

: ( EF + FG )2 (
( EF + FG )

EFG

2 EG

= EF 2 + FG 2 + 2 EF FG 2 EG 2
= EF 2 + FG 2 + 2 EF FG 2 EG 2
= EF 2 + FG 2 + 2 EF FG 2 ( EF 2 + FG 2 )
= EF 2 + FG 2 + 2 EF FG 2 EF 2 2 FG 2
= 2 EF FGG EF 2 FG 2
= ( EF 2 2 EF FG + FG 2 )
2

= ( EF FG ) 0

( EF + FG )

2 EG

EF + FG 2 EG

56

:
:

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath


1
x y
3

x3 + y3
x+ y

2
2

2
:

'O

) ( OA ) ( OB

]' [ NO

3
x

xy + yz + zx = 0

x+ y y+ z x+ z
+
+
= 3
z
x
y

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

57

%
1
3
2
3
3
3
3
3
) x + y ) x3 + y 3 ( x + y ) ( x + y ) 4 ( x + y
(
x+ y x + y
=


2
23
2
23
4 2
2
3
2
2
3
x + 3 x y + 3 xy + y 4 x3 + 4 y 3
=

8
8
3
2
2
3
3 x + 3 x y + 3 xy 3 y
=
8
3
2
) 3 ( x x y xy 2 + y 3
=
8
2
) ) 3 ( x ( x y ) y 2 ( x y
=
8
2
) 3 ( x y ) ( x y 2
=
8
) 3 ( x y )( x y )( x + y
=
8
2

) ( x y )2 0

) 3 ( x y ) ( x + y

x+ y 0

:
) ( D ) ( OB ) ( OA

:
https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

58

'O

) ( O 'M ) ( OB

) ( D

O 'ON

]' [ NO

]' [OO ) ( ON

]' [ NO

3
) x + y y + z z + x xy ( x + y ) + yz ( y + z ) + xz ( z + x
+
+
=
z
x
y
xyz
xy ( x + y ) + xyz xyz + yz ( y + z ) + xyz xyz + xz ( z + x ) + xyz xyz
xyz
xy ( x + y + z ) xyz + yz ( y + z + x ) xyz + xz ( z + x + y ) xyz

=
=

xyz
xy 0 xyz + yz 0 xyz + xz 0 xyz
=
xyz
xyz xyz xyz
=
xyz
3 xyz
xyz

= 3

ACE

:
:
:

AE 2 = AC 2 + CE 2

AE 2 = 22 + 12 = 4 + 1 = 5

AE = 5

AC = DC

CE = DF

ACE = FDC

ACE

FDC

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

59

= FCD

CAE

+ HEC
+ HEC
= 180 90 = 90
= CAE
= 180 ACE
HCE

AE = CF = 5

+ HEC
= 180 HCE
= 180 90 = 90
CHE
H

S)

FHE

S=
FH

AHC

AH CH EH FH
+
2
2
EH

CH

AH

= CE = CH :
sin CAE
AE AC
= CA = AH
cos CAE
AE AC
FD
EH
=

sin FCD
=
FC EC
1 CH
:
=
2
5
2
AH
=

2
5
1
EH
=

1
5
2
CH =
:
5
4
AH =

5
1
EH =

5
2
3
FH = FC CH = 5
=
:
5
5

:
4
2
1
3

5+ 5
5
S= 5
2
2
4 3
= +
5 10
11
=
10

60

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath


1
x

1 1 1
2
2
2
+ +
+
+
x y z x+ y y+ z x+ z

2
ABC

r
p
2


ABC

) S ABC

= S ABC

ABC

ABC

3
x

2 ( z 2 y 2 ) = 3x 2

4
ABC
P

F
P

] [ AB ] [ BC

] [CA .
6

ABC

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

61

%
1

x 2 xy + y 0

x+ y

x + y 2 xy

1
1
+

0
y
x
1
1 1
2
+ 0
x
xy y

(
1 1
1
+ 2 xy 2
xy
x y

( x + y)

1 1
1
+ 2
x y
xy

1 1
1
+ 2 2 xy
xy
x y

1 1 1 1 1 1
4
4
4
+ + + + +
+
+
x y y z x z x+ y y+z x+z

1 1
4
+
x z x+ z

2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
+ +
+
+
x y z x+ y y+ z x+ z
1 1 1
2
2
2
2 + + 2
+
+

x y z
x+ y y+z x+z

62

1 1
1
1
x + y + 4
:
x+ y
x+ y
x y
( 3 ) 1 + 1 4 :
x y x+ y
1 1
4
+
:
y z y+z

( x + y)

:
:

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

1 1 1 1
2
1
2
2
2 + + 2
+
+

2
x y z 2
x+ y y+ z x+ z
1 1 1
2
2
2
+ +
+
+
:
x y z x+ y y+ z x+ z

r
[ AC ] [ AB ] [ BC ]

ABC
O

OF = OE = OD = r

:
:

S ABC = S AOC + S ABO + SOBC


AC OF AB OE BC OD
+
+
2
2
2
AC r AB r BC r
=
+
+
2
2
2
r
= ( AC + AB + BC )
2
=

p = AC + AB + BC

ABC

S ABC =

r
r
( AC + AB + BC ) = p
2
2

3
2 ( z 2 y 2 ) = 3x 2 0

z2 y2

63

z2 y2 0

:
:

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

y0

z0

x0

zy

2z 2 2 y2 = 2x2 + x2

2z 2 2x2 = 2 ( z 2 x2 ) = 2 y 2 + x2 0

z 2 x2

z0

z 2 x2 0

(
z

zx
2

:
:
1

4
AF 2 + CE 2 + BD 2
FC 2 + BE 2 + DA2

: : -

AF 2 + CE 2 + BD 2 = FC 2 + BE 2 + DA2

PAF

PBD

PCE

PBE

PCF

APD

PA2 = AD 2 + PD 2
2
2
2
PC = CF + PF
PB 2 = BE 2 + PE 2

2
2
2
PC = EC + PE
PB 2 = DB 2 + PD 2

PA2 = FA2 + PF 2
AD 2 = PA2 PD 2
2
2
2
CF = PC PF
BE 2 = PB 2 PE 2

2
2
2
EC = PC PE
DB 2 = PB 2 PD 2

FA2 = PA2 PF 2

:
FA2 + EC 2 + DB 2 = PA2 PF 2 + PC 2 PE 2 + PB 2 PD 2
= PA2 PD 2 + PC 2 PF 2 + PB 2 PE 2
= AD 2 + CF 2 + BE 2

64

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath


1
x y z :
) x (1 x ) y (1 y ) z (1 z
+
+
6 :
xz

xy

x + y + z =1

yz

2
:
ABDC

BD = R

) ( C

r = R 32 2

3
:

=8

x+2+ x

x + x2

4
x


x
y 1 1
+ 2 +
2
y
x
x y

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

65

%
1
( x y)

(
(
(

x 2 + y 2 2 xy

z ( x 2 + y 2 ) z 2 xy

x ( y 2 + z 2 ) 2 xyz

x 2 2 xy + y 2 0

z ( x 2 + y 2 ) 2 xyz

y ( x 2 + z 2 ) 2 xyz

z ( x 2 + y 2 ) + y ( x 2 + z 2 ) + x ( y 2 + z 2 ) 2 xyz + 2 xyz + 2 xyz

y + z = 1 x

x + z = 1 y

zx 2 + zy 2 + yx 2 + yz 2 + xy 2 + xz 2 6 xyz

x 2 ( y + z ) + y 2 ( x + z ) + z 2 ( y + x ) 6 xyz

x + y = 1 z

x + y + z =1

x 2 ( y + z ) + y 2 ( x + z ) + z 2 ( y + x ) = x 2 (1 x ) + y 2 (1 y ) + z 2 (1 z ) 6 xyz

1
1
( x 2 (1 x ) + y 2 (1 y ) + z 2 (1 z ) )
6 xyz
xyz
xyz

x 2 (1 x ) y 2 (1 y ) z 2 (1 z )
+
+
6 :
xyz
xyz
xyz
x (1 x ) y (1 y ) z (1 z )
+
+
6 :
yz
xz
xy

66

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

2
) ( AM ) ( AP ) ( C

( AM ) ( OM ) : ) ( AP ) ( OP

= APO
= 90
AMO

= 360 AMO

APO
MAP
POM

= 360 90 90 90 = 90
POM

= AMO
= 90
= APO
= MAP
POM

AO

AMOP

:
AMO

:
:

AO 2 = AM 2 + MO 2

AO 2 = r 2 + r 2 = 2r 2

AO = r 2 2 = r 2
AD

:
ABD

:
:

OP = OM

AD 2 = AB 2 + BD 2

AD 2 = R 2 + R 2 = 2 R 2

AD = R 2 2 = R 2

AD = AO + ON + ND

R 2 =r 2+r+R

R 2R =r 2+r

:
:

)
)2 1
2 +1

2 +1

( )
(R
=r

2 1 = r

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

67

:
R
r=

2 +1
R

2 1

2 1
2 1

2 1
2

( 2 ) 1
R ( 2 2 2 + 1)
=
2

= R 3 2 2

r = R 3 2 2

3
1

x + x2
1
x + x2

1
=8
x+2+ x

x x2
1
x+2 x
+

=8
x x2
x+2 + x
x+2 x

x x2
x+2 x
+
=8
x ( x 2)
x+2 x

x x2
x+2 x
+
=8
2
2

x x2 + x+2
2

(
x 2 2

=8

x2 + x+2 =8

x2 + x+2

= 82

( x 2 )( x + 2 ) + x + 2 = 64 :
2 x 2 x 2 4 = 64

2 x x 2 4 = 64

x x 2 4 = 32

x 2 4 = 32 x

68

x2 4

= ( 32 x )

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

x 2 4 = 1024 64x + x 2

x=

64 x = 4 + 1024

64 x = 1028

1028 257
=
64
16

4
:
x
y 1 1 x2 + y 2 y + x
+
+ = 2 2
y2 x2 x y
y x
xy
3
3
x +y
xy y + x
= 2 2
y x
xy
xy
x 3 + y 3 xy 2 + x 2 y
= 2 2
y x
x2 y2
=

x 3 + y 3 xy 2 x 2 y
x2 y 2

x2 ( x y ) y2 ( x y )
x2 y 2

=
=

( x y ) ( x2 y 2 )
x2 y 2

( x y )( x y )( x + y )
x2 y 2
2

( x y) ( x + y) 0
=
x2 y 2

y>0

x >0)

x2 y 2 > 0

( x + y ) > 0 ( x y )2 0
x
y 1 1
+ 2 +
2
y
x
x y

69

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath


1
x

y>x

) x 2 + y 2 + ( xy ) = ( x 2 + y

2
x

x >1

y >1

y x 1 + x y 1 xy

) (

4
DGFE

:
A

DG = 8cm

] [ DE ] [ EF

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

70

%
1

y>x

y = x +1

:
2

)x 2 + y 2 + ( xy ) = x 2 + y 2 + ( x ( x + 1) ) = x 2 + y 2 + x 2 ( x + 1

)= x 2 + y 2 + x 2 ( x 2 + 2 x + 1
= x2 + y 2 + x4 + 2 x3 + x2
= x 4 + y 2 + 2 x 2 + 2 x3
) = x 4 + y 2 + 2 x 2 (1 + x
2

= ( x2 ) + y 2 + 2 x2 y

+ y ) = ( x2 ) + y 2 + 2 x2 y

(x

) x 2 + y 2 + ( xy ) = ( x 2 + y

2

:
:
:
:

x >1
2

x 1 > 0

x 1 1 0

(
2

x 1 2 x 1 +1 0

2 x 1 x
xy
2

y x 1

1
1
) 2 x 1 ( x
2
2

xy
2

x
2

x 1

y >1

x y 1
2

x 1 2 x 1 + 1 0

2 xy
2

y x 1 + x y 1

y x 1 + x y 1 xy

3
https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

71

- ) ( C1

OA

- ) ( C2

OA

) ( C1 ) ( C2 - ) ( C3

CB

) ( C3 ) ( C1 ) ( C2

H
F

O
A

S ADC

ADC

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

72

DEB

DGA

DG = DE

AD = EB

ADG = DEB

= DBE

DAG

DEB

( DC ) ( AG )

DAC

DGA

S ADC =

DA DG
2 AG 2

S ADC

S ADC =

64 4
2 (16 + 64 )

S ADC =

= DEB
= 90
DCA

DC AG = DA DG

DA2
AG

DC =

S ADC =

43 8
2 ( 4 2 + 82 )

S ADC =

S DAG S DBG = S DAC + S DCG S BCG S DCG

DC AC
2

ADG

DA3 DG
2 ( AD 2 + DG 2 )

512
= 3.2
160

S BCG

S DAG = S DAC + S DCG

S BCG = S DAC + S DBG S DAG

DA DG
AG

BCG

S DBG = S BCG + S DCG

88 48

2
2

S ADC =

S BCG = 5 +

DA2 = AC AG

DA DG DA2

AG
AG
=
2

AG 2 = AD 2 + DG 2

AC =
3

= DAC
= DBE

DAG

= EDB

ADC

DAC

S DAG S DBG = S DAC S BCG

DE DG DA DG

2
2

S BCG = 5 +

S BCG = 21

S BCG = 5 + 32 16

:
BCG

+ ADC

S ADC + S BCG = 3.2 + 21 = 24.2

73

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath


1
x

y z
=
x y

x2 y2 + z 2
= y4
x 2 y 2 z 2

2
:

EFG

EF = 8cm EG = 6cm

FG = 10cm

) ( C1 ) ( C2 ) ( C3

EFG

-1 ) ( C2
-2 ) ( C1

3
x

x
z
y
3
+
+

y+z x+ y x+z 2

4
x

y2 +1 = 1

)( y +

x2 + 1

(x +

x+ y =0

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

74

%
1
z = yt

y = xt

y z
= = t :
x y
y z
= = t :
x y

z = xt 2

y = xt

:
:

x 2 ( xt ) + ( xt 2 )
x2 y 2 + z 2
=
x 2 y 2 z 2 x 2 ( xt )2 ( xt 2 )2
x 2 x 2t 2 + x 2t 4
= 2
x x 2 t 2 x 2 t 4
x 2 (1 t 2 + t 4 )
= 2
x (1 t 2 t 4 )
1 t2 + t4
1 1
1 2 4
t t
4
2
t t +1
= x4 4 2
t t +1
t4
4
2
4 4 t t +1
=xt 4 2
t t +1
= x2 x2

= ( xt ) = y 4

x2 y2 + z 2
= y4
2
2
2
x y z

2
: ( C2 ) -1
D

( C2 ) ( EF )
( EF ) ( DN )
D

75

DNF

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

FN 2 = FD 2 + DN 2

FD 2 = FN 2 DN 2

) ( GF ) ( C2

) ( GF ) ( IN

INF

FN 2 = FI 2 + IN 2

FI 2 = FN 2 IN 2

DN = IN
2

FD 2 = FI 2

FI = FD

FI = 8 DE

:
:

(
)

GI = 6 EK

FG 2 = 102 = 100

EF 2 + EG 2 = 82 + 6 2 = 64 + 36 = 100

= E = EDN
= EKN
= 90
DNK

DE = EK

GI = 6 DE

:
7

2 DE + 14 = 10

2 DE = 4

DN = IN

DNKE

FG = FI + GI = 5

EFG

E = 90

= 360 EDN
EKN
E = 360 90 90 90 = 90
DNK

FI + GI = 8 DE + 6 DE = 10

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

76

:
4
=2
2

= DE

-2 ) : ( C1

FND

:
:

FN 2 = ( FE DE ) + DN 2

FN 2 = ( 8 2 ) + 2 2

FN 2 = 36 + 4 = 40

FN = 2 10

FN 2 = DF 2 + DN 2

= 360 90 90 90 = 90
= 360 MJD
JDC
DCM
CMJ

= 90
= MJD
= JDC
= DCM
CMJ

CM = JD

NJ = DN DJ = 2 CM


:
:
:
:
9

FDN

MN = CM + 2

+ FDN
+ FND
= 180
DFN

= 180 90 FND
= 90 FND

DFN
MNJ

+ MJN
+ MNJ
= 180
NMJ

= 180 MJN
MNJ

NMJ
= 180 90 FND
= 90 FND

NMJ

10

10

= NMJ

DFN

= sin NMJ

sin DFN

DN
NJ
=
FN NM
2
2 CM
=
2 10 CM + 2

2CM + 4 = 4 10 2 10CM

CMJD

= 180 FDN
FND

DFN

) ( DN

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

77

2CM + 2 10CM = 4 10 4

) (

2CM 1 + 10 = 2 2 10 2
CM =

2 10 2
1 + 10

:
:
:

3
2

x+ y
1 0

y+z

: x + y 2 x + y + 1 0
y+z
y+z
x + y 2
1
1
x+ y

+ 1
2
x + y y + z
x+ y
y+z

y+z
y+z

x+ y
1
1
x+ y
2
+

y+ z x+ y
y+z
x+ y
y+z
y+z

x+ y
x+ y

+1 2
y+z
y+z

(
(

)
3

x+ y y+ z
+
2
y+ z x+ y

x+z y+z
+
2 :
y+z x+z
x+ y x+ z
+
2
x+ z x+ y

x+ y y+ z x+ z y+ z x+ y x+ z
+
+
+
+
+
2+2+2
y+ z x+ y y+ z x+ z x+ z x+ y
x+ y x+ z y+ z x+ z y+ z x+ y
+
+
+

+
+
2 + 2 + 2 :
y+ z y+ z x+ y x+ y x+ z x+ z
2x + y + z 2z + x + y 2 y + x + z
+
+
6 :
y+z
x+ y
x+z
2x
y+z
2z
x + y 2y
x+ z
+
+
+
+
+
6 :
y+ z y+ z x+ y x+ y x+ z x+ z
2x
2z
2y
2x
2z
2y
+
+
+ 3 6 :
+1+
+1+
+ 1 6 :
y+z x+ y x+z
y+z
x+ y
x+z
x
1 x
z
y 1
z
y
2
+
+
+
+
3 : 2
6 3 :
2 y+ z x+ y x+ z 2
y+z x+ y x+z
x
z
y
3
+
+
:
y+ z x+ y x+ z 2

78

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

( x + x + 1)( y +
x +1
( x + x + 1 )( y +
x +1
x ( x + 1)
( y +
x x +1
2

x
x

) :
+ 1 ) = 1 :

y2 +1 = 1

y2

x2 x2 1
2

x x +1

y2 + 1 = 1

(
( y +

) :
+1)
= 1 :

y + y2 +1 = 1
y2

x x2 + 1

y y2 + 1 = x x2 + 1

(x +

)(

)( y +
y
+1)
y

x2 + 1

x + x2 + 1 y + y 2

(x +

y2

x2 + 1

y2 +1 = 1

y2 +1

=1

=1

=1

y2 +1

y2 +1

y y2 +1

x + x2 + 1

y2 y2 1
y y2 +1

x + x2 + 1
y y2 +1

) = 1 :

x x2 + 1 = y y 2 + 1

(
2( x + y) =

x2 + 1

y2 +1 +

y2 +1

x2 + 1

x + y = x2 + 1 y 2 + 1

y2 + 1 x2 + 1

x+ y =

2( x + y) = 0
x+ y =0

79

:
:

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath


1
x

3 9 4
+
+ 13
x 2y z

x + 2 y + 3 z 20

x+ y+ z+

EGDF

S = 10cm 2

P = 2 41cm

.
) ( C1
) ( C1

3
x

= y 2 + x2 + z 2

1 1 1
+ + =0
x y z

)( y + x + z

4
x

x y

x 2 = 2016 + y

y 2 = 2016 + x

xy

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

80

%
1
:
x+ y+ z+

3 9 4 4x 2 y 4z 3 9 4
+
+ =
+
+
+ +
+
x 2y z 4
2
4 x 2y z
3x + x y + y 3z + z 3 9 4
=
+
+
+ +
+
4
2
4
x 2y z
3x x y y 3 z z 3 9 4
=
+ + + + + + +
+
4 4 2 2 4 4 x 2y z

x+ y+ z+

3 9 4 3x 3 y 9 z 4 x + 2 y + 3z
+
+ = + + +
+ + +
4
x 2y z 4 x 2 2y 4 z

3x
3
+

0
4
x

3x
3x
3 3
+2

+ 0
4
4
x x

3x 3
3x
3
+ 2

:
4 x
4
x
y 9
y
9
:
+
2

2 2y
2
2y

3x
3x
3 3

+ 2
0
4
x x
4

z 4
z
4
+ 2
4 z
4
z

4 3

y
3x
3
9
3z
4
3x 3 y 9 z 4

+2

+2

+ + 2
+ + +
4
x
2
2y
4
z
4 x 2 2y 4 z
=2

y
3x 3
9
z 4
+2

+2

4
2 2y
x
4 z

3
3
= 2 + 2 + 2
2
2
( 5 ) 3x + 3 + y + 9 + z + 4 8
4 x 2 2y 4 z

81

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

x + 2 y + 3 z 20

3 9 4 3x 3 y 9 z 4 x y 3z
20
+
+ = + + +
+ + + + + 8+
x 2y z 4 x 2 2y 4 z 4 2 4
4
3 9 4
x+ y+ z+ +
+ 13 :
x 2y z

x+ y+ z+

2
:

P = 4 EG = 2 41

2 41
41
=
4
2

:
)

S EGDF

= EG

1
S EGDF = ED FG = 10
2

EGDF

ED FG = 10 2 = 20

) ( C1

) ( EF

( EF ) ( AH ) :

[ AH ] :

EAF

AH EF = AE AF

AE AF
EF

ED FG
2 41

) (

= AH

= AH

) : ( C1

ED FG

2
AH = 2
EF

ED FG
= AH
41
4
2

20
2 41

= AH

10
41 10 41

=
41
41
41

= AH

S( C1 ) = AH 2

10 41
2
= 3.14
= 7.65cm
41

) S( C1

3
https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

82

xyz xyz xyz


+
+
=0
x
y
z

1 1 1
+ + = 0 :
x y z
1 1 1
xyz + + = xyz 0 :
x y z

yz + xz = xy

xy
+z
z

( y + x + z)

y+x=

xy
z

xy

=
+ z
z

( y + x + z)

2
xy xy

= = ( y + x)
z z

xy
= 2 xy + z 2
z

:
:

= ( y + x ) 2 xy + z 2

= y 2 + 2 xy + x 2 2 xy + z 2

( y + x + z)
( y + x + z)

yz + xz + xy = 0

z ( y + x ) = xy
y+ x+ z =

( y + x + z)

= y 2 + x2 + z 2

4
x 2 = 2016 + y

x 2 y 2 = 2016 + y 2016 x

y 2 = 2016 + x

( x y )( x + y ) = ( x y ) :
( x y)
x+ y =
= 1 :
( x y)
x y

( x + y)

= ( 1)

x 2 + 2 xy + y 2 = 1

y + 2016 + 2 xy + x + 2016 = 1

( x + y ) + 2032 + 2 xy = 1 :

x + y = 1

1 + 2032 + 2 xy = 1

2 xy = 2030

xy = 2015

83

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath


1
x

x+ y+ z =3

y
3
x
z
+
+

y+z x+z x+ y 2

2
1
99 + 100

1
98 +

+
99

+ LL +
4

1
3+

1
+
2+ 3

+
2

1+

=A

3
u- 1

) 3 ( u 2 + v 2 + w2

-2

)( u + v + w

6x +1 + 6 y +1 + 6z +1 3 3

x + y + z =1

4
ABC

BC = 15cm

AB = 13cm

AC = 14cm

ABC

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

84

%
1
2

x 1 0

:
:

( )
)
x + 1) ( x 2 ) 0

( )
(x 2

x x + 3 x 2 0

x (3 x ) 2

(
(

x 1 x 2 0 x 2

( ) 12
2

) x (3 x

) (
x

y
y

x+ z 2
z
z

x+ y 2

x x 2 x + 2x + 4 x x 2 0

x 20

1
1

x (3 x ) 2

:
x
x

y+z 2

y
x
z
x y z
+
+
+ +
y+ z x+ z x+ y 2 2 2

y
x
z
x+ y+ z
+
+

y+ z x+ z x+ y
2

y
x
z
3
+
+

y+ z x+ z x+ y 2

2

1
1
1
1
1
+
+
+LL+
+
1+ 2 2 + 3 3 + 4
98 + 99 99 + 100
1 1 2
1
2 3
1
3 4
1
98 99
1
99 100

+LL+

1+ 2 1 2 2 + 3 2 3 3 + 4 3 34
98 + 99 98 99 99 + 100 99 100

=A
=

1 2 2 3 3 4
98 99 99 100
+
+
+LL+
+
1 2
2 3
3 4
9899
99 100
1 2 2 3 3 4
98 99 99 100
=

LL

1
1
1
1
1

=1+ 2 2 + 3 3 + 4 LL 98 + 99 99 + 100
=1+ 100 =1+10 = 9
https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

85

3
3 ( u 2 + v 2 + w2 ) ( u + v + w )

: -1


:
2

3 ( u 2 + v 2 + w2 ) ( u + v + w ) = 3u 2 + 3v 2 + 3w2 ( ( u + v ) + w )

= 3u 2 + 3v 2 + 3w2 ( u + v ) 2 ( u + v ) w w2
= 3u 2 + 3v 2 + 3w2 u 2 2uv v 2 2uw 2vw w2
= 2u 2 + 2v 2 + 2w2 2uv 2uw 2vw
= u 2 2uv + v 2 + u 2 2uw + w2 + v 2 2vw + w2
2

= ( u v ) + (u w) + ( v w) 0

( u + v + w)
w = 6z + 1

6x +1 + 6 y +1 + 6z +1

(
(

x + y + z =1

v = 6 y +1
2

3 ( u 2 + v 2 + w2 )

u = 6x +1

3 ( 6 x + 1 + 6 y + 1 + 6 z + 1)

6x +1 + 6 y +1 + 6z +1

: -2

: 1

3 ( 6 ( x + y + z ) + 3)

6x +1 + 6 y +1 + 6z +1

3 ( 6 1 + 3) = 27

6x +1 + 6 y + 1 + 6z +1

27

6x + 1 + 6 y +1 + 6z +1 3 3

:
:
:

86

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

ADB

:
:

AD 2 = AB 2 DB 2

ADC

AB 2 = AD 2 + DB 2

:
:

AD 2 = AC 2 DC 2

AC 2 = AD 2 + DC 2

AD 2 = AB 2 DB 2 = AC 2 DC 2

( DB DC )( DB + DC ) = AB 2 AC 2 :

DB 2 DC 2 = AB 2 AC 2

( DB DC ) AC = AB 2 AC 2 : ( DB DC ) 15 = 132 142 :

169 196
15

= DB DC

BD + DC = 15

BD + ( DB + 1,8 ) = 15

AD 2 = AB 2 DB 2

AD = 11, 2

S ABC = S AOB + SOBC + S AOC

13 R 15 R 14 R
+
+
2
2
2

DB DC = 1,8

2 BD = 15 1,8

AD 2 = 132 6.62

= 84

DC = DB + 1,8

BD = 6, 6

AD = 169 43,56

13 15 14
84 = R + +
2 2 2

84 = R 21

R = 4cm

ABC

:
1
1
AD BC R 2 = 11, 2 15 3,14 42
2
2
= 84 50, 24
= 33, 76cm 2

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

33, 76cm 2

87

%
1
x

x >1

y >1

z >1

1 1 1
1
xyz + + + > y + x + z +
z x y
xyz

2
:
)( ( D) / /

A + B + D = 360

3
x

< 4 xz

)( x + z y

4
x

1
x

1
=7
x2

x2 +

x+

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

88

% %
1
y < 1

y >1

1
> 1
y

1
> 1
y
1
x >0
y

1
x + > 1 + ( 1)
y

x >1

(
(

1
>0
z
1
z >0
x
y

1
1
1
x y z > 0 : 3 2 1
y
z
x

x
1
1
1
1 1
1
xyz y x + z + +
> 0 : xy 1 + z > 0 :
z
x y xyz
z
yz
x

1 1 1
xyz + + + y + x + z +
z x y
1 1 1
xyz + + + > y + x + z +
z x y

1
> 0 :
xyz
1
:
xyz

89

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

) ( ( D ) / / ) ( K

'S = A

S = A ' = 180 A

B ' = 180 B

D ' = 180 D

180

S+ B '+ D ' = 180


180 A + 180 B + 180 D = 180 :

A + B + D = 180 + 180 + 180 180

A + B + D = 360

3
: ( x + z y )2 4 xz
2

4 xz = ( ( x + z ) y ) 4 xz

)( x + z y

= ( x + z ) 2 ( x + z ) y + y 2 4 xz
= x 2 + 2 xz + z 2 2 xy + 2 yz + y 2 4 xz
) = x 2 + z 2 + y 2 2 ( xy + yz + xz

x+ y > z

z ( x + y) > z z

) (

xz + yz > z 2

)
(

yz + xy > y 2

z>0

xy + xz > x 2

)
)

:
xz + yz + yz + xy + xy + xz > z 2 + y 2 + x 2

2 ( xy + yz + xz ) > x 2 + y 2 + z 2

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

90

4 xz = x 2 + z 2 + y 2 2 ( xy + yz + xz ) 0

< 4 xz

)( x + z y

)(x + z y

4
:

1
x

1
1

y = x+
= x+2+ x
x

1
y2 2 = x +
x
2
2
1

2
y

2
=
x
+
(
) x
2
( y 2 2 ) = x 2 + 2 + x12 = 7 + 2 = 9

y= x+
2

:
:
:

( y 2 ) 9 = 0 :
( y 2 + 3)( y 2 3) = 0 :
( y + 1)( y 5 ) = 0 :
2

y2 + 1 = 0

y 2 = 1

y2 5 = 0

( y 5 )( y + 5 ) = 0

y 5 =0

y= 5

1
>0
x

y+ 5 =0

y= 5

y= x+

1
= 5
x

y= x+

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

91


1
x

x >1

2x2 + 2
20

=x

14 x + 1 = x 2

2
:
CDEF

2cm

)' ( C

1cm

) ( C

'O

r = 3 2 2

3
x

x+ y+z 0

x2
y2
z2
+
+
=0
y+ z x+ z x+ y

x
y
z
+
+
=1
y+z x+z x+ y

4
EFG E

EF 3 + EG 3 < FG 3 :

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

92

%
1
x

(
=

2 x2 + 2

202

200 x 2 = x 4 + 2 x 2 + 1

x2 =

2x2 + 2
x =

20

2 ( x 4 + 2 x 2 + 1)
2

2x2 + 2
20

2x4 + 4x2 + 2
400

196 x 2 + 4 x 2 = x 4 + 2 x 2 + 1

2 200

196 x 2 = x 4 2 x 2 + 1

14 x = x 2 1

x=

x2 =

: ( 14 x )2 = ( x 2 1) :
2

14 x + 1 = x 2

2
x2
y2
z2
+
+
=0
y+ z x+ z x+ y
x2
y2
z2
+
+
+ ( x + y + z) = 0 + ( x + y + z)
y+z x+z x+ y

x2
y2
z2

+
x
+
+
y
+ z = ( x + y + z)


+
y+z
x+ z
x+ y

2
2
2
x + x ( y + z) y + y ( x + z) z + z ( x + y)
+
+
= (x + y + z)
y+z
x+z
x + yz
x( x + y + z) y( x + y + z) z ( x + y + z)
+
+
= ( x + y + z)
y+z
x+ z
x+ y
x
y
z
+
+
( x + y + z)
= (x + y + z)
y+ z x+ z x+ y

x
1
y
z
1
x+ y+z
+
+
x+ y+ z
=
x+ y+ z
y+z x+z x+ y x+ y+z
x
y
z
+
+
=1 :
y+z x+z x+ y

:
:
:
:

3
OO ' = OL + LO '

KO ' = JD r
OK = 1 r
93

OK = OJ KJ
OO ' = 1 + r

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

KO ' = 1 r

OKO '

:
OO '2 = OK 2 + O'K 2

(1 + r )

= (1 r ) + (1 r )

(1 + r )

= 2 (1 r )

1 + r = 2 (1 r )

r 1+ 2 = 2 1

1 + r = 2 (1 r )

r + 2r = 2 1

:
r=

2 1 1 2 2 1

=
1 2
1+ 2 1 2

r = 2 2 2 +1 = 3 2 2

2 1

4
E EFG

EF 2 + EG 2 = FG 2 :
EF 3 + EG 3 FG 3 < 0 :

EF 3 + EG 3 FG 3 = EF 2 EF + EG 2 EG FG 2 FG
= EF 2 EF + EG 2 EG ( EF 2 + EG 2 ) FG
= EF 2 EF + EG 2 EG EF 2 FG EG 2 FG
= EF 2 ( EF FG ) + EG 2 ( EG FG ) < 0

( EG < FG EF < FG )
EF 3 + EG 3 < FG 3 :

94

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath


1
x

x0

( :

x
1
=
x +1 3
2

x3
1
=
6
5
4
3
2
x + x + x + x + x + x + 1 29

2
a

-1
-2 :


a
b
c
+
+
<2
b+c c+a a+b
a+bc + b+ca 2 b

-3 :

a +bc + b+c a + a +c b a + b + c

3
x

xyz
2

= xy + yz + zx

1
1
1
1
+
+
<
2+ x 2+ y 2+ z 2

4
x

x 2 xy + y 2 1
=
x 2 + xy + y 2 3

x
y

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

95

%
1
:
x3
=
x 6 + x 5 + x 4 + x3 + x 2 + x + 1

x3

1 1 1

x3 x 3 + x 2 + x + 1 + + 2 + 3
x x
x

1
=
1
1
1

1 + x + + x 2 + 2 + x3 + 3
x
x
x

:
1
1
x+
x

1
3

x
1

x x+
x

1
3

x+

1
x

x
1
=
x +1 3

1
=3
x

x+

:
1
x +2+ 2 = 9
x
2

2
x+ =3
x

1

x2
1
x + = 3 :
x
1
x 2 + 2 = 7 :
x

x2 +

1

x3
1
1
2
x + 1
x + 2 = 3 7 x + = 3 :
x
x
x

1
1
x3 + 3 = 18 : x3 + 3 + 3 = 21 :
x
x

1
1
x3 + + x + 3 = 21
x
x

x3 +

:
96

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

x3
=
x 6 + x 5 + x 4 + x3 + x 2 + x + 1

1
1
1

1 + x + + x2 + 2 + x3 + 3
x
x
x

1
=
1 + 3 + 7 + 18
x3
1
=
6
5
4
3
2
x + x + x + x + x + x + 1 29

2
: -1
a
b
c
2a
2b
2c
+
+
=
+
+
b + c c + a a + b 2 (b + c ) 2 ( c + a ) 2 ( a + b )
=

2a
2b
2c
+
+
(b + c ) + (b + c ) ( c + a ) + ( c + a ) ( a + b ) + ( a + b)


b + c + (b + c ) > a + b + c

b+c > a

c+a >b

c + a + (c + a) > b + c + a

a + b + ( a + b) > c + a + b

a+b > c

1
1
<
b + c + (b + c) a + b + c

1
1
<
c + a + (c + a) b + c + a

1
1
<
a + b + ( a + b) c + a + b

2a
2a
<
b + c + (b + c) a + b + c

2b
2b
<
c + a + (c + a) b + c + a

2c
2c
<
a + b + ( a + b) c + a + b

:
:

a
b
c
2a
2b
2c
+
+
=
+
+
b + c c + a a + b (b + c ) + (b + c ) ( c + a ) + (c + a ) ( a + b ) + ( a + b )
<

b+ca > 0

c+ a b > 0

2 a+b+c
2a
2b
2c
+
+
=
=2
a+b+c b+c+a c+a+b
a+b+c

a+bc > 0

z =b+ca >0

b+c > a

c+a >b

y = c + a b > 0
y + z = 2c

x+ z = 2 b

: -2

a+b > c

x = a+bc > 0

x + z = 2b

x + y = 2a

a+bc + b+ca = x + z
x + z 2 x+z

2( x + z)

97

x+ z

= 2x + 2z x 2 x z z = x 2 x z + z =

x z

:
:
:

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

)
)z

x+ z
x+

(
(

)2( x + z
)2(x + z

x + z 2 x+z

a+bc + b+ca 2 b

-3 :
:

a+bc + b+ca 2 b

b+c a + c + ab 2 c

c +a b + a +bc 2 a

2 a+bc +2 b+ca +2 c +a b 2 b + 2 c + 2 a

b+ c+ a

( )

a +bc + b+c a + c+a b 2

a + b c + b + c a + a + c b a + b + c :

3
:
:
:
:

xyz
2
xy + yz + zx 1
=
xyz
2
xy
yz
zx 1
+
+
=
xyz xyz xyz 2
1 1 1 1
= + +
) 1
z x y 2
= xy + yz + zx

2>0

2> xx

2+ x > x

1
1
<
2+ x x

(
1
1

( 3 ) 1 <1
<
2+ z z
2+ y y
1
1
1
1 1 1
+
+
< + +
4 :
2+ x 2+ y 2+ z x y z

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

98


1
1
1
1
+
+
<
2+ x 2+ y 2+ z 2

4
x 2 xy + y 2 1
= :
x 2 + xy + y 2 3
x
y
xy 1 +
x 1
y
= :
x
y 3
xy + 1 +
x
y
x
y
1+
y
x 1
= :
x
y 3
+1+
y
x
x
k=
:
y
1
k 1+
k = 1 :
1 3
k +1+
k
2
k k +1
1
k
= :
2
k + k +1 3
k
2
k k +1
k
1
2
= :
k + k +1 3
k
k2 k +1 1
=
k 2 + k +1 3
k 2 + k + 1 = 3k 2 3k + 3
2k 2 4k + 2 = 0

k 2 2k + 1 = 0

k 1 = 0

2 ( k 2 2k + 1) = 0

( k 1)

:
:

=0

k =1

x
=1
y

99

3k 2 3k + 3 k 2 k 1 = 0

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath


1
x

x + y + z = 1
2
2
2
x + y + z = 3
x3 + y3 + z 3 = 5

1
= xyz
3

2
X = 12 22 + 32 42 + ..... + 992 100 2

Y = 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + ...... + 99 + 100

X +Y = 0

3
:

) C1 ( M , a

) ( :

) C2 ( N , c

) C3 ( P, b

1
1
1
=
+
c
b
a

4
a

( a + b c )( a + c b )( b + c a ) abc
https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

100

%
1
x + y + z =1

(x + y + z)

= 13

2
( x + y + z ) ( x + y + z ) = 1 :

+ y 2 + z 2 + 2 xy + 2 xz + 2 yz ) ( x + y + z ) = 1

x3 + y 3 + z 3 + 3 x 2 y + 3 x 2 z + 3 y 2 x + 3 y 2 z + 3 z 2 x + 3 z 2 y + 6 xyz = 1

x3 + y 3 + z 3 + 3 x 2 ( y + z ) + 3 y 2 ( x + z ) + 3z 2 ( x + y ) + 6 xyz = 1

(x

x + z = 1 y

y + z = 1 x

x + y = 1 z

x + y + z =1

x3 + y 3 + z 3 + 3x 2 (1 x ) + 3 y 2 (1 y ) + 3z 2 (1 z ) + 6 xyz = 1

x3 + y 3 + z 3 + 3 x 2 + 3 y 2 + 3 z 2 3 x 3 3 y 3 3 z 3 + 6 xyz = 1

x 3 + y 3 + z 3 + 3 ( x 2 + y 2 + z 2 ) 3 ( x 3 + y 3 + z 3 ) + 6 xyz = 1

x3 + y 3 + z 3 = 5

x2 + y 2 + z 2 = 3

5 + 3 3 3 5 + 6 xyz = 1

1 + 6 xyz = 1

xyz =

2 1
=
6 3

2
X + Y = (12 22 + 32 42 + ..... + 992 1002 ) + (1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + ...... + 99 + 100 )
= (1 + 1) + ( 2 22 ) + ( 3 + 32 ) + ( 4 42 ) + ... + ( 99 + 992 ) + (100 1002 )
= 2 + ( 2 (1 2 ) ) + ( 3 (1 + 3) ) + ( 4 (1 4 ) ) + ... + ( 99 (1 + 99 ) ) + (100 (1 100 ) )
= 2 + ( 2 ( 1) ) + ( 3 ( 4 ) ) + ( 4 ( 3) ) + ... + ( 99 (100 ) ) + (100 ( 99 ) )
= 2 2 + 12 12 + ... + 9900 9900
=0

101

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

MAN

:
:

AN 2 = MN 2 MA2

2
2
( a + c ) ( a c ) :

) AN 2 = ( a + c ) ( a c

= AN

AN = 4ac = 2 ac

NDP

2
2
( c + b ) ( b c ) :

MFP

NP 2 = ND 2 + DP 2
2

) ND 2 = ( c + b ) ( b c

= ND

ND = 4cb = 2 cb

a 2 + 2ac + c 2 a 2 + 2ac c 2

= AN

:
ND 2 = NP 2 DP 2

MN 2 = MA2 + AN 2

c 2 + 2cb + b 2 c 2 + 2cb b 2

= ND

:
https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

MP 2 = MF 2 + PF 2

102

MF 2 = ( a + b ) ( b a )
MF =

a 2 + 2ab + b 2 b 2 + 2ab a 2

(
(

2 ab = 2 ac + 2 cb

MF 2 = MP 2 PF 2

2
2
( a + b ) ( b a ) :

MF =

MF = 4ab = 2 ab

MF = AD = AN + ND

1
1
2 ab =
2 ac + 2 cb :
2 abc
2 abc
1
1
1
:
=
+
c
b
a

4

b+c > a

b+ca > 0
z = c + a b > 0

2 xy x + y

c+a >b

c+ ab > 0

a+bc > 0

x 2 xy + y 0

x+ y x+z y+z
:

2
2
2
x+ y x+z y+z
:
xyz

2
2
2

x y

xy

x+ z
:
2
y+z

yz
2
xz

( xyz )

a+b > c

y = b + c a > 0 x = a +b c > 0

xy xz yz

x+ y
2

:
:

x+ y x+ z y+ z

2
2
2

:
:

( a + b c )( b + c a )( a + c b )

a +b c +b+ c a a+ b c +a+ c b b +c a + a +c b

2
2
2
2b 2 a 2c
:
( a + b c )( b + c a )( a + c b )
2
2
2

( a + b c )( b + c a )( a + c b ) abc :

103

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath


1
x y z

( x + y )( x + z )( y + z ) 8 xyz :

2
:

13 + 23 + .... + 143 + 153 = 14400

23 + 43 + 63.... + 283 + 303

3
) ( D ) (

C1

C3

) C1 ( J ,30

C2

) C2 ( H ,18

O
) C3 ( I , r

C2

C3

4
:

2016 2015 2014 2013 + 1 4058209


=
4
2

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

104

%
1
2

2 x y 0

x + y 2 xy 0

x + y 2 xy

x + z 2 xz

x y

)) = ( x) +( y

y + z 2 yz

xy 2 xz 2 yz

) ) ( z ) ( y

( x + y )( x + z )( y + z ) 2

( ( x + y )( x + z )( y + z ) 8

( x + y )( x + z )( y + z ) 8 xyz :

2
:
23 + 43 + 63.... + 283 + 303
3

23 = ( 2 1) = 23 13
3

43 = ( 2 2 ) = 23 23
3

63 = ( 2 1) = 23 13
M
3

283 = (14 2 ) = 143 23


3

303 = (15 2 ) = 153 23

:
23 + 43 + 63.... + 283 + 303 = 23 13 + 23 23 + 23 33 + .... + 143 23 + 153 23
) = 23 (13 + 23 + .... + 143 + 153
= 8 14400
https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

105

3
( ) ( D )
E

( C3 ) ( C2 ) ( C1 )

( IE ) ( ) ( HL ) ( ) ( JA) ( ) :
= sin HOL
= sin JOA

sin IOE

IE HL JA
=
=
OI OH OJ

:
:

r
18
30
=
=
OM + r OM + 2r + 18 OM + 2r + 2 18 + 30

r
18
30
=
=
OM + r OM + 2r + 18 OM + 2r + 66
r
18
: 1
=
OM + r OM + 2r + 18

r OM + 2r 2 + 18r = 18 OM + 18r

2r 2 = 18 OM r OM

2r 2 = OM (18 r )

18
30
=
OM + 2r + 18 OM + 2r + 66

OM =

2r 2
18 r

18 OM + 36r + 1188 = 30 OM + 60r + 540

30 OM 18 OM + 60r 36r = 1188 540

12 OM + 24r = 648

2r 2
12
+ 24r = 648
18 r

106

24r 2 + 432r 24r 2


= 648
18 r

432r = 11664 648r

1080r = 11664

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

r=

11664
= 10,8
1080

4
x = 2013
2016 2015 2014 2013 + 1
=
4

( x + 3) ( x + 2 ) ( x + 1) x + 1
4

x ( x + 3 ) ( x + 2 ) ( x + 1) + 1
4

(x

+ 3x ) ( x 2 + 3x + 2 ) + 1
4
t = x2 + 3x

2016 2015 2014 2013 + 1


=
4
=

(x

+ 3x ) ( x 2 + 3x + 2 ) + 1
4

t (t + 2) + 1
4
2

=
=

t + 2t + 1
4

( t + 1)

t +1
2
x 2 + 3x + 1
=
2
20132 + 3 2013 + 1
=
2
4052169 + 6039 + 1 4058209
=
=
2
2
=

107

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath


1
x

x y
x2 y 2
3 + 2 + 2 2 +
y
x
y x

2
a

x y

x ax + by y

y ay + bx x

3
-1

x y = 16 2

xy = 224

x+ y

-2 :

1 1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
+ + +
+
+
+
+
+
4 28 70 130 208 304 418 550 700

=S

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

108

%
1
:
x y x2 y 2
x y
x2 y2
3 + 2 + 2 2 + = 2 + 2 + 2 2 + +1
y
x
x
y x y
y x
2

x y
x y
= + 2 + +1
y x
y x
2

x y
= + 1 0
y x

3+

x y
x2 y2
+ 2 2 +
2
y
x
y x

ay > 0

bx > 0

x y

x2 y2

( ay ) x2 ( ay ) y 2 ( bx ) x 2 ( bx ) y 2 :
bx3 bxy 2

bx3 + ( ax 2 y ) bxy 2 + ( ax 2 y )

ayx 2 ay 3
ayx 2 + ( bxy 2 ) ay 3 + ( bxy 2 )

xy ( ax + by ) y 2 ( ay + bx )

x 2 ( bx + ay ) xy ( by + ax )

1
1
1
1
xy ( ax + by ) 2 y 2 ( ay + bx ) 2 x 2 ( bx + ay ) 2 xy ( by + ax ) :
2
y
y
x
x
x
y
( ax + by ) ( ay + bx ) bx + ay ( by + ax ) :
y
x
y 1
1

1 x 1 :

x ax + by ay + bx
bx + ay y by + ax
y ax + by

ax + by x :
x ay + bx
bx + ay y
x ax + by y

:
y ay + bx x

3
109

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

x y = 16 2

( x y)

)
(

x 2 2 xy + y 2 + 4 xy = 512 + 896

: -1

= 16 2

x 2 2 xy + y 2 = 256 2 = 512

xy = 224

4 xy = 4 224 = 896

x 2 + 2 xy + y 2 = 1408

( x + y)

= 1408

x + y = 1408 = 2 352

:
:

:
-2

1 1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
S= + +
+
+
+
+
+
+
14 47 710 1013 1316 1619 1922 2225 2528
1 41 1 74 1 107 1 1310 1 1613 1 1916 1 2219 1 2522 1 2825
= +
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
3 14 3 47 3 710 3 1013 3 1316 3 1619 3 1922 3 2225 3 2528
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
= 1 + + + + + + + +
3 4 3 4 7 3 7 10 3 10 13 3 13 16 3 16 19 3 19 22 3 22 25 3 25 28
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
= 1 + + + + + + + +
3 4 4 7 7 10 10 13 13 16 16 19 19 22 22 25 25 28
1 1
= 1
3 28
1 27
=
3 28
1 9 3
=
3 28
9
=
28

4
22
4

12
2

110

: -

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

2
=
2

: 2 12

1 2 1
= 1 2 1
4
4

4
= 1
2
2
=
2
2

: = ) - -
(

2 2


cm 2
=
2
2

2
cm 2
2

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

111

2
x

1
1
1
1 1 1 1
+ 2
+ 2
+ +
x + yz y + xz z + xy 2 yz xz xy
2

3
ABCD

S = 30cm 2

BD = 65

4
:

BAD

ABC
ACE

D E

DC = BE

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

112


1
:

S1

S2

: :

V
2

= S1

: :

V
3

V
S1 + S 2
6
h
5

V = S2 3

= S2

: :

V = S1 2

V
6
=V
5V
5V
6

=t

V
V V
+
2 3

V = ( S1 + S2 ) t

=t

=t

1h12 m in

2
2

x 2 2 x yz + yz 0

yz
1
1

x + yz 2 x yz
yz

yz
1

x + yz 2 xyz

yz

(x
:

x 2 + yz 2 x yz

1
1

x + yz 2 x yz
2

1
xz

y + xz 2 xyz
2

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

113

yz
xy
1
1
1
xz
+ 2
+ 2

+
+
x + yz y + xz z + xy 2 xyz 2 xyz 2 xyz
4

1
1
1
1 yz + xz + xy
+ 2
+ 2

x + yz y + xz z + xy 2
xyz

xy + xz + yz

(
(

x+ y x+ z y+ z
+
+
2
2
2

x+ z
xz
2
y+z
yz
2

1
1
1
1 yz + xz + xy
+
+


x 2 + yz y 2 + xz z 2 + xy 2
xyz

x 2 xy + y 0

x + y 2 xy

x+ y
xy
2

xy + xz + yz
8

x y

xy + xz + yz

xy
1

z + xy 2 xyz

2x + 2 y + 2z
2
2 ( x + y + z)

xy + xz + yz x + y + z
1 x+ y+z

2 xyz

: 8

y
1
1
1
1 x
z
+ 2
+ 2

+
+
x + yz y + xz z + xy 2 x yz x y z xy z
1
1
1
1 1 1 1
+ 2
+ 2
+ + :
2
x + yz y + xz z + xy 2 yz xz xy
2

3
B

AB 2 + AD 2 = BD 2

114

ABD

:
1

AB 2 + AD 2 =

= 65

S = 30cm 2

65

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

AB AD = 30

2 AB AD = 2 30

2 AB AD = 60

AB 2 + AD 2 + 2 AB AD = 65 + 60 = 125

( AB + AD )

= 125

AB + AD = 125 = 5 5
P = 2 ( AB + AD ) = 2 5 5 = 10 5cm

ACE

BAD

= BAC
+ CAE
= BAC
+ 60
BAE

= 60 )
BAD

= CAB
+ BAD
= CAB
+ 60
CAD

= 60
CAE

= CAD

BAE

CAD

BAE

= CAD

BAE

AE = AC
AB = AD

DC = BE

115

:
:

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath


1
:

) ( C1

) ( C2

( DE ) .

) ( C1 DE = 7cm

2
x

:
1
4

x + y =1

xy

3
x

-1 :


1) xy

-2 :

(y

1) +

xy + yz + xz
2

) 1

(x
2

(z

1) +

(y

1) +

(x

4
-1

:
1
a2

a2 +

-2 :

1
a3

a3 +

1
a6

a6 +

1
=2
a

a+

1
a

a+

5555552 3333332 = 444444

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

116

%
1

) ( DE ) ( C1

) ( OF ) ( DE

) ( OF ) ( DE
:

DE 7
= = 3cm
2
2

OFE

OE = OD = R

) ( OF ] [ DE

= FD = FE

:
:

R 2 = r 2 + 3,52

R 2 r 2 = 12.25cm

OE 2 = OF 2 + FE 2

( = ) - ( C2 ) ( C1
) S = R2 r 2 = ( R2 r 2

S = ( R 2 r 2 ) = 3,14 12, 25 = 38, 465cm 2

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

117

2
:

( x + y )2 = 12 : :

x + y =1

x 2 + 2 xy + y 2 4 xy = 1 4 xy

x 2 + 2 xy + y 2 = 1
x 2 2 xy + y 2 = 1 4 xy

= 1 4 xy

)(x y

) ( ( x y )2 0 :
:

1 4 xy 0

1
4

1 4 xy

xy

3
:

1)( y 2 1) + 1 0

( x 1)( y 1) + 1 0 :
( x 1)( y 1) + 1 0 :
( x 1)( y 1) x y :
2

:
:

) x y
2

1) xy

(y

) 1

(y

1) +

(x

1)( y 2 1) + 2

x2 y 2 x2 y 2 + 1 + 2
x2 1 + y2 1 + 2

1) +
2

(x

(x

x2 y 2

1) +

(x
)

( z 1) + ( x 1) + ( z 1) xy + yz + xz
2 ( x 1) + 2 ( y 1) + 2 ( z 1) xy + yz + xz :
( x 1) + ( y 1) + ( z 1) ) 12 ( xy + yz + xz ) :
xy + yz + xz
2

(x

-2 1 ( y 1) xy :
( y 1) + ( z 1) yz :
( x 1) + ( z 1) xz

)( y 2 1

( x2 1) +

) 1

(z

1) +

(y

1) +

(y

1) +

(x

1) +

(y

1) +

1
2
2

(x

4
-1

1
a2

a2 +

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

118

a+

1
=2
a

2
a + = 2
a

:
:

1 1
a 2 + 2 a + = 4 :
a a
1
a 2 + 2 + 2 = 4 :
a
1
a 2 + 2 = 2 :
a
1
a 3 + 3 a
1 2 1

a + a + 2 = 2 2 :
a
a

1 1
1 1
a a 2 + a 2 + a 2 + 2 = 4 :
a
a
a a
1
1
a 3 + + a + 3 = 4 :
a
a
1
a 3 + 2 + 3 = 4 :
a
1
a 3 + 3 = 2 :
a
1
a 6 + 6 a
1
a 2 + 2 = 2 :
a
2

2 1
2
a + 2 = 2 :
a

( a ) + 2 a a12 + a12 = 4 :
1
a4 + 2 + 4 = 4 :
a
1
a4 + 4 = 2 :
a
4 1 2 1
a + 4 a + 2 = 2 2 :
a
a

1
1
1 1
a4 a2 + a4 2 + 4 a2 + 4 2 = 4 :
a
a
a a
1
1
a6 + 2 + a2 + 6 = 4 :
a
a
2 2

119

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath

1
= 4 :
a6
1
a 6 + 6 = 2 :
a
1
a+
a

a6 + 2 +

:
2

a+
=
a

1 1
a + 2 a
+

a a
1
= a+2+
a
= 2+2

( )

=4
a+

1
=2
a

:
-2

5555552 3333332 = (111111 5 ) (111111 3) = 1111112 52 1111112 32


= 1111112 ( 52 32 )
= 1111112 ( 25 9 )
= 1111112 16
= 1111112 42
2

= (111111 4 ) = 4444442

120

https://sites.google.com/site/stitmath