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WhatisWaterfallmodeladvantages,disadvantagesandwhentouseit?

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erfall model- advantages,


es and when to use it?
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2016 ISTQB Exam Dates

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ISTQB CERTIFICATION EXAM STUDY MATERIAL
Chapter 1. Fundamentals of testing
What is Software testing?
Why is testing necessary?
Software testing objectives and purpose

s rst Process Model to be introduced. It is also referred

What is Defect or bugs or faults?

life cycle model. It is very simple to understand and use.

What is a Failure?

ch phase must be completed fully before the next phase

From where do Defects and failures arise?

model is basically used for the for the project which is


uncertain requirements. At the end of each phase, a

termine if the project is on the right path and whether or

rd the project. In this model the testing starts only after

plete. In waterfall model phases do not overlap.

When do defects arise?


What is the cost of defects?
Defect or Bug Life Cycle
What is the dierence between Severity and
Priority?
Principles of testing
Fundamental test process
Psychology of testing
Independent testing- its benets and risks
Software Quality
Chapter 2. Testing throughout the testing
lifecycle
What is Verication?
What is Validation?
Capability Maturity Model (CMM-Levels)
Software Development Life Cycle
Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC)
phases
Software Development Models
Waterfall model
V-model
Incremental model

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WhatisWaterfallmodeladvantages,disadvantagesandwhentouseit?

model:

e and easy to understand and use.

age due to the rigidity of the model each phase has

RAD model
Agile model
Iterative model

s and a review process.

Spiral model

es are processed and completed one at a time. Phases do

Prototype Model
Software Testing Levels

orks well for smaller projects where requirements are

Unit testing
Component testing

fall model:

n is in the testing stage, it is very dicult to go back and

that was not well-thought out in the concept stage.

re is produced until late during the life cycle.

sk and uncertainty.

Integration testing
Big Bang integration testing
Incremental testing
Component integration testing
System integration testing

for complex and object-oriented projects.

System testing

g and ongoing projects.

Acceptance testing

e projects where requirements are at a moderate to high

Alpha testing
Beta testing

ll model:
only when the requirements are very well known, clear

s stable.

erstood.

guous requirements

ith required expertise are available freely

r action is involved during the development of the

uct is ready then only it can be demoed to the end users.

eloped and if any failure occurs then the cost of xing

h, because we need to update everywhere from

Software Test Types


Functional testing
Non functional testing
Functionality testing
Reliability testing
Usability testing
Eciency testing
Maintainability testing
Portability testing
Baseline testing
Compliance testing
Documentation testing
Endurance testing
Load testing
Performance testing
Compatibility testing
Security testing
Scalability testing
Volume testing

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Stress testing
Dierence between Volume, Load and
stress testing in software
Recovery testing
Internationalization testing and Localization
testing
Conrmation testing
Regression testing
Structural testing
Maintenance Testing
Impact analysis
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Chapter 3. Static Techniques

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Test design techniques

hear about job openings, interview questions and

Static test technique


What is static Testing?

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Uses of Static Testing


Informal reviews

the testing life cycle

tages of waterfall model, diadvantages of waterfall model, Diagram of

Formal reviews

linear-sequential life cycle model, Waterfall model, when to use waterfall

The roles and responsibilities of the


moderator, author, scribe, reviewers and

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managers involved during a review


Types of review
Walkthrough
Technical review
Inspection
What is static analysis?
What is a static analysis tools?
Chapter 4. Test design techniques
Test analysis
Traceability
Test design
Test implementation
Test design technique
Categories of test design techniques
Static testing techniques

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Dynamic testing technique


i. Black box testing or Specication-based
Equivalence partitioning (EP)
Boundary Value Analysis (BVA)
why it is important to do both EP and BVA
Decision tables
State transition testing
Use case testing
ii. White box testing or Structure-based
iii. Experience-based testing
Error guessing
Exploratory testing
Structure based technique
Test coverage
Where to apply this test coverage?
Why to measure code coverage?
How we can measure the coverage?
Types of coverage
Statement coverage
Branch Coverage or Decision Coverage
Condition coverage
How to choose that which technique is best?
Chapter 5. Test management
Roles and responsibilities of a Test Leader
Roles and responsibilities of a Tester
Purpose and importance of test plans
Things to keep in mind while planning tests
What testing will involve and what it will
cost?
Estimation techniques
Factors aecting test eort
Test strategy
Test monitoring
Test control
Conguration management
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Risks in software testing


Product risk
Project risk
Risk-based testing
Risk analysis
Incident management
Incident logging Or How to log an Incident
What are incident reports?
How to write a good incident report?
What is test status report?
Chapter 6. Tool support for testing
Types of test tools
Tool for management of testing and tests
Test management tools
Requirements management tools
Incident management tools
Conguration management tools
Static testing tools
Review process support tools
Static analysis tools (D)
Modelling tools (D)
Test specication tools
Test design tools
Test data preparation tools
Test execution and logging tools
Test execution tools
Test harness/ Unit test framework tools (D)
Test comparators
Coverage measurement tools (D)
Security tools
Performance and monitoring tools
Dynamic analysis tools (D)
Performance testing, Load testing and
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WhatisWaterfallmodeladvantages,disadvantagesandwhentouseit?

stress-testing tools
Monitoring tools
Advantages and benets of using testing
tools
Disadvantages and risks of testing tools
Factors for software testing tool selection
Proof-of-concept or piloting phase for tool
evaluation

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What is Waterfall model?


When to use it?
Software Development
Life Cycle phases
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to use it?
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