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Analysis Report

Residential Building ,
Madhyapur Thimi-14

Owner:

Designed By:

Mr. Ratna Hari Shrestha


Madhyapur Thimi-14

Er. S. Prajapati

BACKGROUND
This Building project is located at Madhyapur Thimi-14, bhaktapur. This project comprises
planning architectural design, structural design, electrical design and sanitary design
components. The basic aim of the structural design is to build a structure, which is safe, fulfilling
the intended purpose during its estimated life, economical in terms of initial and maintenance
cost, durable and also maintaining a good aesthetic appearance. The construction of any building
consists of three phases: a) Design b) Drawing with proper detailing and c) construction as per
drawing and details. The design of structure consists of two parts. i) Analysis and ii) Design. At
first the preliminary size of various member for specific structure are fixed and the analysis is
carried out. With the result obtained from analysis, necessary design is carried out. After the
completion of the design, drawings are prepared with all necessary details. The presentation of
the design calculation and drawing should be clear. After completion of the office works which
include design and drawing, the construction of the building is carried out. The effort with which
design has been carried out becomes worthwhile only if the design is translated to a
correspondingly high quality structure.
Nepal lies in seismically active region in the boundary of the two colliding tectonic plates the
India plates and the Tibetan plates. Records of earthquake are available in Nepal since 1255AD.
Those records reveal that Nepal has hit by 18 major earthquakes, the 1833 and 1934 earthquakes
were the most destructive ones. And recently, 2015 Gorkha Earthquake is felt by us. However, it
would not be economically feasible to design the building so as to ensure that they remain elastic
and damage free because the occurrence of maximum earthquakes low say one in 75 years . Thus
it is reliable to design the
ductile structure and not
to design damage free
structure but non
collapsible structure for
minimum destruction in
lives and properties. The
design should ensure the
structure
against
stability, strength and
serviceability
with
acceptable levels of
seismic safety.
Thus the seismic design
of the building is done
and the brief report has
been prepared. All the
design
data
are
considered in the detail
architectural
and
structural drawing.

MATERIAL AND SECTIONAL PROPERTIES


MATERIAL PROPERTY
Concrete Grade of concrete M20
Young's Modulus of Elasticity; It is calculated according to the following formula
Ec=5000 ck
=5000 20
= 22360N/mm2
Grade of Steel Fe415
Assuming Damping = 0.05
SECTIONAL PROPERTIES
Moment of Inertia: The beams in the building frames will act as rectangular in the end
portion near the support and will act as T or L beams in the central portion . For the
purpose of analysis, a general practice is to assume the equivalent Moment of Inertia for
the whole length of the beams . The Moment of inertia is calculated for the rectangular
portion and multiplying it by 2.0 for T- beams and 1.5 for L-beams.
Lateral stiffness: The lateral stiffness of the column is calculated using the following formula
12 EI
D= 3
l
LOAD CASES AND COMBINATIONS
Load cases
. Dead load (DL)
. Live load (LL)
. Earthquake load in + ve X direction (EQX)
. Earthquake load in ve X direction (-EQX)
. Earthquake load in + ve Y direction (EQY)
. Earthquake load in ve Y direction (-EQY)
Load combination as per NBC 105
1. COMB1 1.5(DL+LL)
2. COMB2 DL + 1.3LL+1.25EQX
3. COMB3 DL + 1.3LL - 1.25EQX
4. COMB4 DL + 1.3LL +1.25EQY
5. COMB5 DL + 1.3LL - 1.25EQY
6. COMB6 0.9DL +1.25EQX
7. COMB7 0.9DL - 1.25EQX
8. COMB8 0.9DL +1.25EQY
9. COMB9 0.9DL - 1.25EQY
10. COMB10 DL + 1.3SL+1.25EQX
11. COMB11 DL + 1.3SL-1.25EQX
12. COMB12 DL + 1.3SL+1.25EQY

(SL=0; so, DL+1.25EQX)


(SL=0; so, DL-1.25EQX)
(SL=0; so, DL+1.25EQY)

13. COMB13 DL + 1.3SL-1.25EQY


BUILDING PARAMETRS

(SL=0; so, DL-1.25EQY)

ARCHITECTURAL AND FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENTS


Types of building :
Types of structural system:
Number of stories
Design provision for future extension
Story Height
Height of parapet wall
Total height of the Building
Least lateral base dimension of the building
External wall/ some internal wall
Few internal wall
Plaster thickness

Residential Building
Reinforced Concrete Frame
4.5
0 storey
2.84m
1m
14.2 m
9.85 m
230 mm
115 mm
15 mm

CONSTRUCTION SITE
LOCATION
Soil type
Bearing capacity

Madhyapur Thimi-14
Type II (stiff clay)
150 KN/mm2

DIMENSIONS AND MATERIALS


Slab thickness
Footing
Tie Beam size (mm)
Beam size (mm)
Column size (mm)

125mm
230 x 300
230 x350
300 x 300

CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS
Cement
Grade of concrete
Grade of steel

Ordinary Portland cement


M25 for Column and M20 others
Fe415, Fe500

ASSESSMENT OF UNIT LOADS OF MATERIALS


DENSITY OF MATERIALS
Reinforced concrete
Brick masonry
Rebar

25.0KN/m3
19.2KN/m3
78.5KN/m3

ASSESSMENT OF LIVE LOAD


Unit loads on floor
All Rooms and kitchen
Toilet and Bathrooms
Corridors , passage, staircases, Verandas
Roof (accessible)
Roof (Non accessible)

2.0 KN/m2
2.0 KN/m2
3.0 KN/m2
1.5 KN/m2
0.75 KN/m2

METHOD OF ANALYSIS
Analysis method adopted for EQ resistant design:
Total number of design load cases considered:
Seismic zoning factor:
Basic seismic coefficient:
Important factor:
Structural performance factor:
Seismic weight of structure:
Horizontal base shear at plinth level:
Fundamental time period considered:
Top storey Deflection:
Max. Storey Drift:

Seismic coefficient
Thirteen
1.0
0.08
1.0
1.0
6897.98KN
551.84KN
0.439 sec
26.74 mm
7.64 mm

CALCULATION OF HORIZONTAL BASE SHEAR FORCE:


SEISMIC LOAD CALCULATION:
Calculation of Seismic Weight of Building
Seismic wt. at any floor level = Wi = (total Gravity loads due to beams, slabs, column and walls
for 1/2 ht. above and 1/2 ht. below the level + 50% of Live load)
Calculation of Total Base shear:
Total Horizontal Base Shear
V = Cd x WT
Where,
Cd = C x Z x I X R
Where
Z = Seismic Zone factor for Ktm. Valley = 1
I = Importance factor for Residential building = 1
R = Structural Performance factor for RC Moment resisting Frame = 1
T = Fundamental Time Period
T = 0.06 * H,
H = Height of bldg = 14.2 m
T = 0.06 * H
= 0.439
C = 0.08

( for T <= 0.5 and soil type II )

Therefore,
Seismic Coefficient, Cd

= C *Z * I * R
= 0.08

Detail of Columns, Beams, Slabs and Footings


Slab Reinforcement bars
S
N

Type
1 Slab

Thicknes
s
125mm

Reinforcement at short span

Reinforcement at Long
span

8mm @ 150 mm c/c

8mm @150 mm c/c

Footing details
Foundation depth = 5'-6" from original Ground Level
For Isolated footings: Rebar- 12mm @ 150mm c/c both way
Eff. Depth of footing (d): 200+300mm
(Details shown in str. dwg.)

Beam Reinforcement bars


For Floor beams:
At supports (top) rebar; 2-16mm (regular) + 2-16mm (extra)
At mid (bottom) rebar; 2-16mm (regular)
(Details shown in str. dwg.)
For Plinth Tie-beams:
At support (top) rebar; 3-12mm (regular)
At mid (bottom) rebar; 3-12mm (regular)
Note: - Stirrups at Beam;
8mm @ 4"c/c at support; 6"c/c at Mid