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1. CBT Principles:
a. The training is based on curriculum developed from the
competency standards The learning experiences given to the
students are guided by the competency standards which identifies
specific knowledge, skills, attitude and values required to be
competent in a certain competency.
b. Training delivery is individualized and self-paced The trainees
are allowed to make advancement in learning to advance his own
without waiting for the other to finish. Thats why trainers should
provide activities, resources, facilities and materials that would help
the trainee.
c. The system allows Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL)
Competencies that are already acquired by the trainee should be
recognized and considered for them to advance themselves and
provide them experiences that are important and needed.
2. Factors in Selecting training methods:
a. Learning outcomes/objectives
b. Trainers/instructors
c. Content
d. Participants
e. Training Techniques
f. Time
g. Cost
h. Space, equipment and materials
3. Basis in sequencing learning events:
My basis is Robert Gagnes (1999) model in providing a structural approach of
learning. Which provide nine steps that can assist my plan.
a. Gain attention
b. Inform learner of objectives
c. Stimulate recall or prior learning
d. Present stimulus material
e. Provide learner guidance
f. Elicit performance
g. Provide feedback
h. Assess performance
i. Enhance retention and transfer
4. It is important to attain the application of knowledge, skills and attitude to a
specific level of competency.
5. To evaluate learners we give them activities such as self checks, Task sheets,
operation sheets, and job sheets that will measure each learners output.
After we get the results it is recommended to give feedbacks either positive
or negative. Give constructive feedbacks that will supplement the needs of
the learners and do this privately or if done in a group do it objectively.

6. Instructional materials are provided for the advantage of the learners and the
trainer to facilitate a self-paced learning process. These materials will help
the trainer to provide detailed instructions to the learners that will serve as a
guide to them through the whole learning process.
7. Training session should be evaluated to see its effectiveness if the training
outline provided a detail, clear and complete as possible so that important
points will not be overlooked, to cover the complexity of the curriculum for
the benefits if the learners.
8. Learning Activities
1. Possible faults or problem areas you may experience when using LCD:
a. Chicken wire effect causing the image look more pixilated.
b. Bulky, there are more internal components
c. Dead Pixels- Pixels can be permanently on or permanently off, if there
are many dead pixels it can be an irritation.
d. LCD panels can fail and are very expensive to replace.
2. Advantages of LCD:
a. LCD is more light effect( brighter) than DLP.
b. With 3LCD projectors you will get beautiful colour in clear, define
images, even in bright room, and you get more than double the
brightness on colour illuminace, compared to non-3LCD projectors,
3LCD projectors can project bright, vivid images with a low output
c. Hence with a data signal, if you put a 1000 lumen LCD next to a 1200
lumen DLP and showed a colour image people would probably prefer
the LCD for brightness.
d. LCD tends to produce sharper images. This can actually be a bit
disadvantage to video, where it makes pixellation more obvious.
3. Safety precautions in using LCD:
a. Place the projector in a sturdy flat surface.
b. Do not block opening (ventilation) of the projector.
c. Do not drop object or liquid to the projectors
d. Do not install projectors near the source of heat.
e. Do not unplug projectors after turning it OFF.LCD projectors have
cooling fans that automatically OFF after meeting the projectors
cooling temperature, this will prolong the life of the expensive powerful
lamp of the projector.
f. Do not look in the projectors lens when the lamp is on. The bright light
may hurt or damage your eyes.
g. Do not use lens caps when projector is in operation.
h. Refer servicing to qualified service personnel.
4. How to clean the air filter of an LCD projector:
Vacuum the filter, both inside and out. If your air filter is particularly dirty, gently rinse it with soapy water. Let it dry


Airflow is important for cooling the lamp assembly and electronics, but dust inside your projector will make for a
poor image. Air filters that are not cleaned on a regular basis become clogged and prevent the cool air from

being drawn inside. This can cause the projector to overheat and even shut down. You also want clean air
filters to prevent dust from settling onto the projector lens. When this happens, the projected image may
become distorted or the colors may dull and youll need to get the projector professionally cleaned.

6. The following is a list of preventative measures you can take to reduce the likelihood of your
projector lamp failing early:
a. Do not allow the projector to overheat; the number one cause of lamp failure is
excessive temperature stress.
b. Allow the projector lamp to cool for at least 10 minutes after powering down, and
never move the projector during this period or while the lamp is on. The lamp is much
more susceptible to damage while it is hot.
c. Operate your projector in a clean, relatively dust-free environment to prevent clogging
of fans and air filters. These filters should be cleaned regularly.
d. Allow plenty of space around the projector's fan or exhaust so excess heat can be
dispersed properly.
e. Utilize the "economy mode" if it is available with your projector model and is
appropriate for your situation. This mode decreases projector brightness but the lamp
will last longer.

Never leave a projector in very hot or very cold environments, for example in a car on
a summer or winter day.


1. We can ensure that the evidence we gathered are sufficient and valid if the
evidences are:
a. Demonstrates relevant outcomes and performance requirement of the
unit competency.
b. Covers the relevant breadth and depth of a unit of
competency(including knowledge and skills, dimensions of
competency, evidence guide, etc.)
c. Reflects current industry-standards
d. Allow the assessor to be confident that the candidate can perform the
competency consistently.
2. Do Oral questioning or written test to confirm the candidates understanding
to the question and to probe for further information if the candidates
response is not sufficient.
3. The assessor must ensure that the following must kept secured:
a. Assessment package
b. Candidates assessment result
c. Assessment procedure

This keep the integrity of the candidate, the assessor and the assessment
4. Do not conduct the assessment, because the conditions are not met.
5. Ff
6. Oral questioning, real-time/ real work observations and structure.
7. Assessment decisions are satisfied or supported by the evidences
which shows validity, authenticity, currency, sufficiency, consistency
and recency or the rule of evidences.
8. Observation, Demonstration, Third party reporting, uestioning, written
test and portfolio
9. Ways of communicating feedback:
a. Ask the candidate to judge how well he or she performed
b. Reinforce positive aspects of the assessment
c. Ask the candidate to suggest areas for improvement
d. Give feedback as soon as possible